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Full text of "An English Dakota dictionary"

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AN 
ENGLISH-DAKOTA DICTIONARY. 



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AN 

English-Dakota 
Dictionary. 

WASICUN KA DAKOTA 
IESKA WOWAPI. 

COMPILED BY 

JOHN P. WILLIAMSON, A.M., D.D., 

MISSIONARY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



PRINTED BT THE 

AMERICAN TRACT SOCIETY, 
150 Nassau Street, New York. 

1902. 

311 lr 7 



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'3 



W»«tf Maa "?, /<?^6 



Copyright by Rev. John P. Williamson, 
1902. 



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INTRODUCTION. 





THE DAKOTA ALPHABET. 


a (ah), 


sound of a in far. 


b (be), 


same as English. 


c (che), 


sound of ch in chin. 


<?, 


an exploded c, not in English. 


d (de), 


same as English. 


e (e), 


sound of e in tiiey. 


% (ghe), 


sound of g in give. 


g, 


a guttural, not in English. 


h (he), 


same as English. 


*, 


sound of ch in German ach. 


i (e), 


sound of i in machine. 


k (ke), 


same as English. 


k 


an exploded k, not in English. 


1 (le), 


same as English. 


m (me), 


same as English. 


n (ne), 


same as English. 


n (in), 


a nasal sound, nearly similar to w in ink. In D; 




only used at the end of a syllable. 


o (oh), 


sound of o in go. 


P (pe), 


same as English. 


P, 


an exploded p, not in English. 


s (see), 


same as English. 


s (she), 


sound of sh in she. 


t (te), 


same as English. 


t, 


an exploded t, not in English. 


O (00), 


sound of oo in ooze. 


w (we), 


same as English. 


y (ye), 


same as English. 


x (ze), 


same as English. 


*, 


sound of z in azure. 


A few letters are sometimes followed by a short hiatus. 


marked thus, sf. 



Such are 



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There are four dialects to the Dakota language : the Santee, 
Yankton, Teton and Assiniboin. Each of these dialects has slight 
differences, not sufficient to prevent Dakotas from understanding 
each other. To give these differences would require additional 
characters to present fully ; but this has not been attempted as the 
differences are slight. The dictionary follows in the main the Santee 
dialect, with which the author is most familar. The other dialects 
differ from it in extent, in the order named. The number of different 
words used in the different dialects is small. The different words 
used by the Yanktons and Tetons have been mostly noted. The 
number of words pronounced differently is very large, especially in 
the Teton dialect. No attempt has been made to give all these. A 
few have been noted to give the student an idea of the changes. 
In the other three dialects the sound of I never occurs, but the Teton 
changes all the ds and many of the ns into I ; so Dakota becomes 
Lakota ; nina, very, becomes Ilia. In the Yankton one of the most 
notable changes is that lid of the Santee becomes kd t and this in the 
Teton becomes gl. Thus, hda, go home, in Yankton becomes kda, 
and in Teton % la. 

No attempt has been made to give the peculiarities of the Assini- 
boin dialect, as our knowledge of it is too limited. 

A fuller account of the differences in the dialects may be found in 
Dr. S. R. Riggs' " Dakota Grammar," and a larger number of the 
different words in his Dakota-English Dictionary, both of which are 
published by the " Smithsonian Institution," Washington, D. C. 

When a ends a word it is often changed to e, principally for 
euphony, as t* kt»» to \e kta. 



TO READ DAKOTA. 

The Dakota is an easy language to read if one will learn the 
sounds of the letters, and stick to them. 

The division of the words into syllables is simple. As a rule 
every vowel ends a syllable. The following are the exceptions : 

1. The nasal n always closes a syllable; as ka-hin-ta, sweep; wo* 
tan -in, news. 



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2. A syllable, contracted by dropping the vowel, is attached to the 
preceding syllable, thus making it close with a consonant. Ex.: 
I-pih-ya, cause to boil, is contracted from i-pi-ga, boil, and ya, came. 

3. The words en, in, and is, he, she or it, and their compounds, do 
not close the syllable with a vowel. 

Accent is very important in Dakota. A misplaced accent is as 
bad as a mispronounced letter. Indeed a change of accent often 
changes the meaning of a word; as, ma'-ga means field, whereas 
ma-ga' means goose. 

Most Dakota words are accented on the second syllable ; and, in 
this dictionary, such are not marked. Then, all words commencing 
with wo are accented on the first syllable, and such are not marked. 
The accent on all other words is marked, and the student should 
carefully note such. 

FORMING SENTENCES. 

1. The construction of the simple sentence, composed of the bare 
subject and predicate, is the same as in English. Ex.: Zitkadan do- 
wanpi, birds sing. Wa skan, snow melts. 

2. Where the subject has qualifying words they follow the word 
they qualify. Ex.: Wicasta ksapa kin ia, the wise man talks. Zitkadan 
onge dowanpi, some birds sing. 

3. When the predicate has qualifying words they immediately 
precede the verb. Ex.: Jane oiyokipiya dowan, Jane sings beautifully. 

Exceptions. — (a) The sign of the future, kta, follows the verb. 
Ex. : John hi kta, John will come. 

(b) The negative, sni, follows ; as, u sni, do not come. 

(c) &in, very, and its compounds hlnca and hca, follow the verb ; 
as, wayazanke tin, is very sick. 

(d) Connective adverbs which imply a succeeding clause follow 
the verb and all other qualifiers. Ex.: Yahi kte sni kii)hau, mde kta, 
if you will not come, I will go. 

4. When the verb has an object, it precedes the verb but follows 
the subject. Ex.: John James apa, John struck James. 

5. When the object has qualifying words, they follow it. Ex.: 
John tahca cepa topa o, John shot four fat deer. 



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vi. 

6. Where a number of words quality either subject or object, 
they generally follow in the inverse order of the English. Ex.: 
Sonktanka clstinna ska wan canpahmihma widnyanna ista-toto ozudan 
yaidohan, a little white horse drew a wagon full of blue-eyed girls. 

7. An interrogative sentence is distinguished by closing it with 
the word be. Ex.: Hoksidan waste, he is a good boy. Hoksidan waste 
he, fete agoodboyt 

8. An imperative sentence is distinguished by ending it with wo 
or ye, The women use ye and the men generally wo. Ex.: Den u 
wo, come here. Taipei) wan mafcu ye, please give me an apple. 

The signs of the interrogative and imperative sentences are some- 
times omitted, and the fact left to be determined by the connection 
or tone of voice. However, the rising inflection is never given for 
an interrogation) but rather the opposite. 



Parts of Speech. 



NOUNS. 



Dakota nouns make no change of form on account of number or 
case, and but seldom of gender. 

Number is shown by numerals or other adjectives. Ex.: Tip! wan- 
zl, one house. Tipi ota, many houses. 

The Case, whether objective or nominative is shown, by the relative 
position in the sentence, as already explained. The possessive case 
is shown by following the word with tawa, his. Ex.: Tipi dc John 
tawa, this is John's house. Sometimes the pronoun tawa is contracted 
to ta and prefixed to the principal noun ; never to the possessive. 
Ex.: John tahaqpa ku, he gave him JohvUs moccasins. Sometimes 
again the possessive case is shown only by position. Ex.: He sunk* 
pa, that is a dog's head. 

Gender is not distinguished in most nouns. Those referring to 
different classes of human beings and a very few of the animals are 



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distinguished. Ex.: Wlcasta, man. Wlnohinca, woman. Hehaka,fnafe 
elk. Upan, female elk. If it is desired to indicate the sex of any 
neuter noun, wica and winyan are added for human beings, and 
mdoka and wlyc for animals. Ex.: Hoksiyopa wica, a male child. 
Sanka mdoka, a male dog. Occasionally they are compounded ; as, 
tamdoka, a male deer ; tawiye, a female deer. Female proper names 
very often take the termination win (contraction of winyan); as, 
Tatedutawin. The same name, Tateduta, Scarlet-Windy is often given 
to men, but wica (male) is never added to it, nor is it to any other 
name for men. 

Simple, derivative, and compound nouns are all found in Dakota ; 
but the study of the language has progressed so little that there is 
yet much to do before a full presentation of them can be given. 
We, however, state some of the most common ways in which nouns 
are formed. 

Wo prefixed to an adjective or verb transforms it into an abstract 
noun. Ex.: Waste, good: wowaste, goodness. Ka'ta, hot: wokata, 
heat. Kiciza, fight : wokicize, a fight. By prefixing wica instead of 
wo the object is limited to man ; as, kte, kill : wokte, slaughter : 
wlcokte, human slaughter. 

prefixed to a verb makes it a verbal noun, with about the same 
effect as prefixing the definite article in English ; as, iyuwega, cross : 
oiyawega, the crossing. Occasionally it is prefixed to an adjective 
with the same force. 

Wa prefixed to a transitive verb changes it into a noun, signifying 
the agent; as, apa, strike : waapa, striker. Sometimes the plural form 
of the verb is used, making the prefix wica, instead of wo ; as, yasica, 
to slander : wicayasica, a slanderer. 

I, prefixed to an active verb, makes a noun signifying the instru- 
ment by which the action is done ; as, kahlqta, sweep : icahinte, 
broom; yumdu, to plow: lyutndu, a plow. 

The third person plural of any verb may be used as a verbal noun ; 
as, manl, walk : manipi, walking. 

Kin, after any adjective, noun or clause, shows it is used as a 
noun. 



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Dan ( F. na ; T. la) is often suffixed to nouns, verbs and adjectives. 
It is a diminutive, and is generally attached to the last word in the 
clause, but refers to the leading noun, whether subjective or objec- 
tive ; as, John siyo wan ktedai), John killed a little prairie chicken. 

Compound nouns are numerous and may be made of any part of 
speech. Sometimes of two nouns; as, watapeta {fire boat), steam- 
boat; sometimes of a noun and adjective: as, hasapa (black skin), 
negro ; sometimes of a noun and verb : as, hemaal (walks on land), 
railway train. 

PRONOUNS. 

The personal pronouns are generally incorporated in the verb ; and 
the objective are different from the subjective ; and in incorporate 
pronouns the third person singular is never expressed, and only the 
sign of the plural for the third person plural. 

The subjective incorporate pronouns are: ya, thou; wa, I ; ya-pi, 
yon; un~pi, we. Ex.: Kte, he kills; yalrte, you kill; wakte, J kill; 
ktepi, they kill ; unktepi, we kiU. 

The objective incorporate pronouns are: ni, thee; ma, me; ni— pi, 
you; un-pi, us. Ex.: Nikte, he kills thee; makte, he kills me; niktepi, 
he kills you ; unktepi, he kills us. 

When both are incorporated they are as follows : ici, he—himself; 
ni-pi, he-you; un-pi, he-us; maya, thou-me; wicaya, thou—them; 
unya-pi, thou-us; nici, thou—thyself; mici, I-myself; wicawa, I- 
them; ci~pi, I-you; i?i-pi, they-themselves ; ni-pi, they-thee, or you; 
ma-pi, they-me; wlca-pi, they them; ui)--pi, they-us ; nici-pi, you— 
yourselves; maya-pi, you—me; wicaya-pi, you— them; unya-pi, you— 
us; unkici-pi, we-ourselves i unni-pi, we-thee; wicui)-pi, we-them; 
unni-pi, we-you. 

When we reach the verb further examples of incorporate pronouns 
will be given. 

Separate Personal Pronouns are also found in Dakota. They are : 
Miyc or mis, /; uiye or nis, thou; iyc or is, he or she; unkiyepi, us; 
niyepi, you; iyepi, them. Ex.: lye, uiye qa miye unyanpi kta, he, you 
and I wiU go. The same pronouns are used for the objective case. 
Ex.: lye, uiye qa miye kapi, they meant him, thee and me. 



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ix. 

The Possessive Personal Pronouns are : Tawa, his; nitawa, thy or 
thine; mftawa, my or mine; tawapi, their or theirs; nitawapi, your or 
yours; nnldtawapi, our or ours. Ex.: Tip! tawa, his house. The 
possessive pronouns are often prefixed to the noun, in which ease 
the syllable wa and often the two syllables tawa are stricken out. 
Ex.: Siha, foot; tasiha, his foot ; mlaiha, my foot; tasihapi, their feet 
Ma'ga, field ; mHa'maga, my field. Sometimes the first person singular 
is contracted to ma instead of ml ; as, mapa, my head. 

There is also a Possessive Personal Pronoun that is incorporated 
in the verb. It is: Id, ate; ye, thy; we, mine. Ex.: Jotao pte kikte, 
John killed his cow. 

The demonstrative pronouns are de. this, and he, that ; deaa, these, 
and hena, those. Also ka, that, and kaaa, tfawe. They have also a 
number of compounds, as: deceit, like this; deceedan, this alone; 
deoaos, these two; deaakeca, these many. 

The interrogative pronouns are tnwe, who ; takn, what; takte, which; 
anttantakte, which or whether; toaa, tooaka, tooakeca, how many. The 
above are either subjective or objective. The only possessive is tnwe 
tawa, whose. 

The only definitive relative pronoun is he, that, who, which, what, 
whose. Ex. : Wlnohinca wayazanke cikon he wanaa asni, the woman 
who was sick is now recovered. Any of the interrogative pronouns 
may be used as indefinite relative pronouns. Ex.: Tnwe kte kin tanyan 
adoayapi, who killed him is well known. 

The indefinite pronouns are nearly all the equivalents of the English, 
and are used much like adjectives. 



VERBS. 

In Dakota the pronoun is incorporated in the verb, but for the 
third person singular no incorporate pronoun is used. Therefore, 
for the bare form of the verb we look to the third person singular, 
and not to the infinitive as in English, and that is the form in the 
Dictionary. Thus, if you look for the verb come you will find n. 
That means he comes. Then yau means you come ; wan, I come ; upi, 
they come; yaupi, you come; nnkupi, we come. From this you see 



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the incorporate subjective pronouns are: ya, thou; wa, I; ya-*pl, 
you ; an-pl, we. Also you will note that the sign of the plural, pi, 
is added to the third personal plural, to distinguish it from the third 
person singular, and that in the first person plural k is inserted for 
euphony. 

If the verb is transitive, the objective pronouns are also inserted. 
They are: ni, thee; ma, me; wica, them; ni-pl, you; un-pl, us. As 
an example take the verb kte, kill. 

He kills him, kte ; he kills thee, nikte ; he kills me, makte ; he kills 
them, wlcakte ; he kills you, aiktepi ; he kills us, anktepi. Thou Ullest 
him, yakte ; thou killest me, mayakte ; thou killest them, wicayakte ; 
thou killest us, onyaktepl. I kill him, wakte ; / kill thee, cikte ; I kill 
them, wicawaktc; I kill you, clktepi. They kill him, ktepi; lliey kill 
thee, aiktepi; they kill me, maktepi; they kill them, wicaktepl; they 
kill you, aiktepi ; they kill us, anktepi. You kill him, yaktepi ; you 
kill me, mayaktepi ; you kill them, wicayaktepi ; you kill us, nn yaktepi. 
We kill him, nnktepi ; we kill thee, unoiktepi ; we kill them, wiconktepi ; 
we kill you, an aiktepi. 

Besides the singular and plural numbers given above, the Dakota 
has also the dual number. It consists of the person speaking and 
the person spoken to, and only in the subjective case, and is there- 
fore equivalent to we two. In form it is the same as the plural 
without the plural ending pi. Thus, take the verb wanka, lie down : 
onwaqkapi is we lie down : and unwaijka, we two lie down. Intransi- 
tive verbs like this can only take one form. Transitive verbs can 
take the third person plural objective pronoun. Thus, with the verb 
kte, kiU, two dual forms may be used: on kte, we kill him; and 
wiconkte, we kill them. No one verb takes more than these two 
forms. 

The relative position of incorporate pronouns should be noted. 
The objective, as a rule, precedes ; as, mayakte, you kiU me. There 
is one exception. The first person plural pronoun always precedes 
the second person, whether subjective or objective. Ex.: Unoiktepi, 
we kill you. 

The position of the pronouns in the verb must also be noted. So 
far the verbs selected have had the pronouns prefixed, and the most 
Dakota verbs have the pronouns prefixed. But a large number of 



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verbs insert them after the first syllable. Ex.: Man!, walk; mayani* 
you walk, etc. A few verbs insert the pronouns after the second 
syllable. Ex.: Ituhan, giveaway; ituwaftan, / give away 9 etc. 

The sign of the plural, pi, is always placed at the end of the verb. 
Ex.: Yuta, eat; uijyutapi, we eat. When an adverbial particle is 
attached to the verb, it is placed after the sign of the plural. Ex.: 
The diminutive particle dan. Hoksiyopa ceyapldan, the little babies 
cry. 

Contractions resulting from the incorporation of the pronouns are 
quite numerous. 1. Where wa and ya come before Id the two sylla- 
bles are contracted to we and ye ; as, wehdega for waklhdega, I over- 
take ; and ayektoqza for ayakiktonza, you forget. 

2. Where the pronouns come before y in the second person, yay is 
changed to d, and in the first person way to md. Ex.: Yatkan, drink, 
becomes datkan, you drink; and mdatkan, I drink. Iyotanka, sits, 
becomes Idotanka, you sit ; imdotanka, I sit. One of the verbs of this 
class, yuta, eat, drops its first syllable and prefixes the pronouns 
without change ; as, yata, you eat; wata, I eat. 

SECOND GLASS. 

So far we have spoken only of one class of verbs ; those which 
have the corporate pronoun wa, I, for the first person singular sub- 
jective. We come now to speak of another class, in which the first 
person singular is ma. The class is not very numerous, being mostly 
intransitive verbs, and not all of them. Ex.: Asnl, get well; anisni, 
you get well ; amasni, I get well ; asnlpi, they get well ; anisnlpi, you 
get well ; unkasnipl, we get well. Istlnma, sleep ; nlstinma, mistinma, 
etc. Wayaianka, sick ; waniyazanka, wamayazanka, etc. 

A number of verbs in this class make changes in incorporating 
the pronoun. 

1. Simply drop the pronoun vowel. Ex.: Un, use ; nun, thou usest; 
mui), / use. Ihduhomni, turn self around; miduhomni, / turn myself 
around, etc. Most reflective verbs commencing with ihd take this 
form. 

2. Some, in addition to dropping the vowel of the pronoun, drop 
the succeeding consonant in the verb. Ex.: Yanka, is situated; 



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maqka, / am situated, Owln£a, spread to lie on ; omlnia, I spread to 
lie on, etc. Iwanga, ask, changes also the succeeding vowel a to o ; 
thus, ioonga, thou askest; imonga, I ask. In the incorporation of the 
objective pronoun the consonant y is restored ; as, imayaaonga, thou 
askest me. 

3. There are a few verbs which suffix the pronouns, with other 
changes. Ex.: In, wear, prefixes h and suffixes the pronouns, thus : 
Mnni, thou wearest; hintni, I wear. Ecin, consider; ecanmi, I con- 
sider, etc. Econ, do ; ecaooi), you do ; ecamon, / do. 

Eya, say, together with its compounds heya and keya, are alike, but 
still more irregular. Eha, tlwu sayest; cpa, I say. Ehapi, you say ; 
nnkeyapi, we say. 

THIRD CLASS. 

To this class belong what are called adjective and substantive 
verbs, which have the same set of incorporate pronouns as the 
Second Class, and we speak of them separately because of the pecu- 
liarity of their formation and the great extent to which they are 
used. Any adjective or noun may be so used. 

The construction is much the same as the use in English of the 
adjective and substansive verbs with the copula. But in Dakota 
the copula is omitted. Thus : John is tall, in Dakota is John kanaka. 
Here is a complete sentence, a definite assertion, with what appears 
to be only a noun and adjective. But hanska is here more than an 
adjective, or it would not be an assertion. The two words are used 
to assert that John is tall. It is then more than an adjective. It is 
a complete predicate, and combines the powers of adjective and 
verb. 

Perhaps a clearer analysis would be to say that it is predicate 
adjective, and that in Dakota the copula is understood with predi- 
cate adjectives and nouns. 

These predicates, from the nature of the case, have no objective 
pronouns, and, as already stated, the subjective incorporate pro- 
nouns are of the Second Class. And, like other classes, they are 
incorporated between different syllables. Ex.: Waste, he is good; 
niwaste, thou art good; mawaste, I am good; wastepi, they are good; 
niwastepi, you are good; unwastepi, we are good. Dakota, he is a 
Dakota; Damakota, I am a Dakota; Danikota, thou art a Dakota, etc. 



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In some instances the student may be at a loss to know whether 
an adjective or a noun is in the predicate or not. For instance, does 
John hanska mean John is tall or tall John. It might mean either, 
and so is ambiguous. But in fact one need seldom be in doubt. In 
this case, if the connection shows that John hanska is a complete 
sentence, it must mean John is tall. Whereas if another predicate 
follows, and the full sentence is, John hanska wanna hi, then hanska 
is only an adjective, and the translation is, TaU John has come. 

TENSE. 

As we have now seen, inflections in the form of the verb show 
very fully the person and number to which it relates. In the matter 
of time and mode no changes are made in the form of the verb. 
Tense and mode are shown by auxiliaries and not by inflection. 

The time expressed in the body of the verb is aorist, that is, inde- 
finite, completed time. And it is used both for the past and present. 
Ex.: Wanhinkpe wakage, / made an arrow. 

The definite time is often shown by circumstances. Ex.: (Pre- 
sent) Taku yakaga he ? what are you making t Wanhinkpe wakaga, I 
am making an arrow. Sometimes it is shown by adverbs of time. 
Ex.: (Preterits) Htanlhan wanhinkpe wakaga, yesterday I made an 
arrow. (Perfect) Wanna mdustan, J have finished it. If the present 
tense is to be distinguished, detail is the most definite word, though 
wanna is also used. 

Future time is shown by the auxiliary kta, which is placed imme- 
diately after the verb. Ex.: Wakage kta, / will make it. 

The future perfect has no regular form of expression. Sometimes 
it is not distinguished from the future. Ex.: Do good and you will 
not have lived in vain, taku waste econ, ka ituya yanl kte sni. Some- 
times waijna is introduced as in the present perfect. Ex. : Will he 
have collected enough money t Mazaska lye wanna mnaye kta he. 

MODES. 

As already stated there are no changes of inflection to designate 
different modes. The Indicative is the regular form, the only one I 
have so far referred to. 



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The Subjunctive Mode, being one of conditional assertion, is made 
by adding kinhan, unkans ; sta, kes, or some other conditional con- 
junction to the end of the clause. Ex.: Yahi sni kinhan, mde kte sol, 
if you do not come, I mil not go. 

The Dakota is not adapted to the classification of a Potential Mode. 
The different senses of our English auxiliaries would require many 
more auxiliary verbs in Dakota. Ex.: I can (am able to) go, mda 
owakihi. / can (am permitted to) go, mda iyowinmakiyapi. Then 
again, many potential clauses are paraphrased in Dakota. Ex.: It 
may be so, okini hecetu. Whatever may happen, toketu ceyas. 

The Imperative Mode is formed by placing certain particles imme- 
diately after the bare form of the verb. The regular particles used 
are wo and ye, in the singular, and po and pe in the plural. Wo and 
po are used in command, and ye and pe in entreaty. For propriety's 
sake the women never use the former. Ex. : U wo, come. U ye, do 
come (or please come). These are said only to a single person. 

With transitive verbs the Imperative takes the objective pronouns. 
Ex. When a single person is spoken to : Ku wo, give it to him. 
When more than one is spoken to : Wicaku po, give it to them. 

Instead of pe, miye is sometimes used, and this again is sometimes 
contracted to m. Ex.: Instead of Inyanka pe, run, they sometimes 
say inyanka miye, and sometimes inyankam. 

Sometimes the sign of the Imperative is omitted. 

THE INFINITIVE. 

When the Infinitive is the object of a verb the root form is used. 
Ex.: U cin, he wants to come. 

There is no sign of the Infinitive, but the sign of the future is 
generally used. Ex.: U kta cin, he wants to come. 

The Infinitive takes the incorporate pronouns. Ex.: Kicizapl cinpi, 
they want to fight. Wicakizapi cinpi, tliey want to fight tliem. 

When the infinitive is the subject of another verb it takes the 
form of the third person plural. Ex.: Wanyakapi he wicadapi ee, to 

see is to believe. 



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XV. 
THE PARTICIPLE. 

The Present Participle takes the root form of the verb. Ex.: Ho* 
ksldan wan lnyanka wanmdaka, I saw a boy running. 

The Past Participle takes the form of the third personal plural. 
Ex.: Wicasta nakaha ktepi iyewaya, I discovered a man just killed. 

The transitive participle takes an object. Tahca knte unkipl, we 
went shooting deer. 

THE PASSIVE VOICE. 

The Dakota verb has no distinctive form for the Passive Voice. 
Instead of saying : I was struck by John, they say, John struck me, 
John amapa. 

Where the form is the indefinite passive the third person plural 
active is always used. Ex.: John was struck, John apapl; that is, 
they struck John. He was a man that was loved, wicasta wastedapi 
heca. 

OTHER VERBAL MODIFICATIONS. 

The Dakota verb has some other modal changes peculiar to the 
language. Sometimes a syllable is repeated to indicate repetition 
of action. Ex.: Apa, strike; apapa, strike repeatedly. The accented 
syllable is generally repeated. 

Then there is a set of causative incorporate verbal prefixes which 
show the manner of the action. They are : ba, bo, ka, na, pa, ya and 
yu. Ba means it is done with a sawing motion ; bo, by a blowing, 
shooting or punching motion ; ka, by a striking or sweeping motion ; 
na, by kicking or bursting ; ya, by biting ; yu, in an indefinite man- 
ner. These prefixes are attached to verbal roots, neuter verbs and 
adjectives. Ex.: Ksa (root), separate; baksa, separate by cutting; 
boksa, by blowing, etc. Ska (adj.), white; yuska, make white. Ta, 
die ; ka^a, cause to die by striking. 

There is also a causative suffix, ya, with the same meaning as the 
prefix yu. Thus : nazin, stand ; yunazin and nazinya, are both used 
for, cause to stand. Some verbs take the suffix and some the prefix ; 
rarely either may be used. The suffix can only be used with other 
verbs. 



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XVI. 

ADJECTIVES. 

The Dakota adjective, like the noun, is not declined. There are 
no changes for person, number, or case. 

Comparison is shown by qualifying words : sanpa, more, and iyotan, 
most. Ex.: Good, waste; better, sanpa waste; best, iyotan waste. 

Another form is sometimes used. If one asks, Which is the larger t 
he says, tukte tanka? And if the other replies, Tfiis is larger than 
that, he says, de tanka he dstinna. 

Reduplication of a syllable expresses much the same idea as with 
the verb, but as it implies the plural, it is sometimes spoken of as 
the plural. Ex. : Aido wasteste, nice potatoes. The true sense is 
doubtless, potatoes successively nice. 

The plural ending pi is often attached to adjectives, but as we 
understand, it is a verbal termination, and is properly attached only 
to verbal adjectives. Ex.: Wicasta wastepi, they are good men. Wi- 
casta waste hipi, good men liave come. 

ADVERBS. 

Adverbs need cause the student no trouble, as there are few 
changes from the form found in the dictionary. As in English, they 
qualify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. 

Their position is immediately before the word they qualify. Ex.: 
He did well, tanyai) ecoi). There are a few exceptions to this rule. 

(a) The negative sni, not; and hinca, very, follow the words they 
qualify. Ex.: Ecamon sni, / did not do it. Tanka hinca, very large. 

(b) Interrogative pronouns are the first words in the sentence. Ex.: 
Tokeca nitapi kta he. Why will ye die t (c) He, which might be 
called an interrogative exclamation, always closes the sentence. 
Ex.: Yau he. Are you coming t 

The number of primitive adverbs in Dakota is not large, but the 
facility of forming derivatives is ready and well improved. They 
may be formed from any part of speech, but are largely formed from 
adjectives, verbs, pronouns and adverbs. 

1. The suffix ya (or van) attached to an adjective or verb transforms 
it into an adverb with much the effect as the suffix ly in English. 



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Ex.: Sica, bad; sicaya, badly. Iyuskii), rejoice; iyuskinyai), rejoicingly. 
Sometimes there is a contraction : Onsika, poor ; on&iya, poorly. 

2. The demonstrative pronouns are transformed into a large num- 
ber of adverbs, mostly by suffixes. 

(a) The suffix en, in, contracted makes den, here, and ben, there ; 
also tukten, where, and lean, yonder, etc. 

(b) The suffixes ki, cl, kiya and ciya make adverbs used with verbs 
of motion. Ex.: Kaki, that way ; deciya, this way. 

(c) The suffixes ken and ceo make adverbs of manner. Ex. : Decen, 
in this manner. Kaken, in that manner. 

(d) The suffixes nan and ban form adverbs of time and locality. 
Each may refer to time or place, which is to be determined by the 
connection. Han conveys the idea of at; nan of to. Thus : hehan, 
at that time, or at that place ; henan, to that time, or to that place. 
Ex.: Henan ecamon kta, / will do it at that time {then) ; henan ehde 
kta, he will set it up at that place (there). Henan want kinhan, if I live 
to that time (till tlien) ; hehan wal kinhan, if I go to (reach) that place. 

To form adverbs from other adverbs there are a number of suffixes 
used. Tkiya has about the same force as the English suffix wards. 
Ex.: kun, down; kuntkiya, downwards. The suffix yan has the force 
of to. Ex.: Hehan, there; hehanyai), to there. Sometimes they are 
accumulative, with only the object of holding to the idea. Ex.: 
Dehan, now ; dehantu, at now; dehantuya, about at now; dehantuyaken, 
someichere at about now. 

Prepositions are sometimes transformed into adverbs by suffixing 
to, tuya, ya and wapa. Ex. : Mahenya iyotaqka, he sat inside. 

PREPOSITIONS. 

Prepositions have no proper inflection, but where they govern the 
objective pronoun the pronoun is generally incorporated in the pre- 
position. Ex.: dunka niyahna hi, a dog came with you. In the union 
they are often contracted. Ex.: Micahda (miye icahda) iyotanka, sit by 
me. The objective pronouns are not always incorporated. Ex.: 
Miye etkiya u, he comes towards me. 

When the preposition governs nouns, or unincorporate pronouns, 
its position is not before but after the word it governs and its quali- 
fying words. Ex.: Tip! ska tanka etaijhan./row tJie big white house. 



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There are a number of prepositions in Dakota that are incorpor- 
ated into other words. 

To nouns are affixed ta, ata and yata, all meaning at or to. Ex.: 
Tlyata un, he is at the house. Caqyata lyaya, he has gone to the woods. 
Akan, on, is often suffixed. Ex.: fieakao, on the hUl. Ea is also 
suffixed, but generally contracted to a. Ex. : Tin n, come in the 
house. 

The first four vowels are used as prepositional attachments to 
intransitive verbs, enabling them to take an object, and occasionally 
to a transitive verb, enabling it to take a second object. The prefix 
a has the force of on. Ex.: Caga amani, he walked on the ice. The 
prefix e signifies to. Ex.: Atknkn eldhdega, he overtook (reached to) 
his father. The prefix I means for, on account of. Ex. : Cekiya, pray ; 
iceldya, pray for. The prefix o means in. Ex.: Kastan, pour ; oka- 
stan, pour in. 

Prepositions are both primitive and compound, but neither are 
numerous ; neither is their composition intricate. One of the most 
numerous classes of derivatives is formed from adverbs of place by 
prefixing I. Ex.: Walk behind, hekta mani; walk behind the horse, 
sunktanka ihektam man!. 

CONJUNCTIONS. 

The form and construction of conjunctions is so simple and so 
similar to the English that we need use no space for them here. 

EXCLAMATIONS. 
Exclamations are plentiful, but often local, and soon change. 



The Dictionary. 



The abbreviations are mostly the same as found in other diction- 
aries, with the following exceptions. S. stands for Santee; Y. for 
Yankton; and T. for Teton. 

The most common definition is placed first. 



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English-Dakota Dictionary 



a, a. Wan ; wanzi. 

aback, adv. He'kta. 

abandon, vt. Enakiya ; ehpeya. 

abandoned, pa. Ehpeyapi ; si'ca. 

abase, vt. Yuhukuya. 

abash, vt. Inihanya. 

abate, vi. Asni aya. vt. Asni kiya; 

a'okpaniya. 
Abba,n. Ate. 

abbreviate, vt. Yuptecedan. 
abdicate, vi. Enakiya. 
abdomen, n. Cowohe ; page. 
abduct, vt. Nahmanicu; i'nahbe. 
abed, adv. Owinza ohna. 
abet, vt O'kiya. 
abeyance, n. Woakipe. 
abhor, vt. Wahtedasni. 
abhorrence, n. Wowahtedasni. 
abide, vi. Uij ; yanka ; ti ; owanzi 

un. vt. AMpe. 
ability, n. Wowas'ake ; wookihi. 
abject, a. Waciijyeyeani ; ihanke. 
abjure, vt. Wakantanka cazeyan 

ehpeya. 
ablaze, a. Ide. 
able, a. Okihi ; waokihi. 
ablution, n. Woyuzaza. 
My, adv. Wasagya. 
aboard, adv. Akan ; o'pa. 
abode, n. Ti'pi ; ounyan. 
abode, imp. of Abide. 
abolish, vt. Enakiya. 
abominable, a. Wahtesni. 



abominate, vt. Wahtedasni. 

aboriginal, a. Otokahe. 

aborigines, n. Ikcewicasta. 

abound, vi. O'ta : zinya un. 

about, prep. 1. O'ksan ; ohomni: 
about the house. 2. Ecetu : 
about a dozen men. 3. Eciya- 
tanhan ; on : about the war. 

about, adv. O'ksan ; ohomni ; 
wi'yeya un : ikiyedan. 

above, prep. Iwaijkam ; i'sanpa. 

above, adv. Wankan ; akantu. 

aboveboard, adv. Taijiijyan. 

abreast, a. I'cipatkuh ; iyehan. 

abridge, vt. Yuptecena. 

abroad, adv. Tokai) ; tan'kaya ; 
makoce to'keca. 

abrogate, vt. Yuecetu sni. 

abrupt, a. Ihnuhai) to'keca. 

abruptly, adv. Ihnuhaijna. 

abscess, n. Toijye. 

abscond, vt. Nahmaniyaye. 

absence, n. 1. Yokai) ui) : a week's 
absence. 2. Wanica : in the ab- 
sence of war. 

absent, a. En un sni ; tokai) ui]. 

absent, vt. Ihdutokan. 

absentminded, a. Kiksuyesni. 

absolute, a. A'taya ; suta. 

absolution, n. Wakazuzupi. 

absolve, vt. Kiyuska ; ki'cicazuzu. 

absorb, vt. Yuhepa ; icu ; e'cedan 
awacii). 



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absorption 

absorption, n. Oyuhepa. 
abstain, vi. Ihdutokan. 
abstinence, n. Ikpatanpi. 
abstract, vt. Icu; manor), n. Yu- 

coya owapi. a. Coyapi; ma- 

hentu. 
abstruse, a. Okahnih&ica. 
absurd, a. Eyepicasni ; iyecetu- 

eni ; wowiha. 
abundance, n. Wotantoi) ; o'ta. 
abundant, a. O'ta ; otai)toi). 
abuse, vt. Sicaya kuwa ; yasica. 

n. Sicaya kuwapi. 
abusiye, a. Sicaya wicakuwa. 
abut, vi. Ipatai) hai). 
abyss, n. Wofcbe. 
academy, n Woonspetipi ocoka. 
accede, vi. Iyowiijyai) ; o'staij 

iwanka. 
accelerate, vt. Yuohanko. 
accent, vt. Ho ni'na eya ; iyapa. 

n. Ho iyapapi. 
accept, vt. Icu; iyokipi; iyowiijyai). 
acceptable, a. Iyowicakipi. 
acceptance, n. Icu kta eya ; woi- 

yokipi. 
access, n. Oau. 
accessible, a. En u'pi wafcte. 
accession, n. Aicage ; o'papi. 
accessory, a. O'kiya. 
accident, n. Wanuwoakipa. 
accidental, a. Ecaken ; wanu. 
acclamation, n. I'yas'api. 
acclimate, vt. Makiyokipiya. 
acclivity, n. Maya. 
accommodate, vt. Tanyai) kuwa ; 

piMya. 
accommodating, pa. Wawiyowii)- 

yan. 
accompaniment, n. Kicica. 
accompany, vt. Kici ya. 
accomplice, n. Kici ecoij. 
accomplish, vt. Yustan ; econ. 
accomplishment, n. Woyustan. 
accord, vt. Ku. vi. Tawacii) waij- 

zi. n. O'waijzina. 
accordance, n. O'waijzina unpi. 
according to, prep. Ohnayan . 



\ acrid 

accordingly, adv. He'cen ; iyecen. 

accost, vt. Ho'uya. 

account, v. To'ketu oyaka ; yawa. 

n. 1. Oicazo owapi: you keep 

the account. 2. Oyakapi: an 

account of his journey. 3. Wo- 

wiyukcan : on no account. 4. 

Wowiyunyanpi : of no account. 
accountable, a. Ohdake kta. 
accountant, n. Oicazoowa. 
accouter, vt. Koyagya. 
accrue, vt, Aicaga. 
accumulate, vt. Mnayan ; pahi. vi. 

O'taaya ; wapahi. 
accumulation, n. Womnaye. 
accuracy, n. Yusnasniecoijpi. 
accurate, a. Wayusnasni. 
accurately, adv. Yusnasni. 
accursed, pa. Yasicapi. 
accusable, a. Iyaoijpepica. 
accusation, n. Woiyaoijpa. 
accuse, vt. Iyaonpa. 
accustom, vt. Ecewaktakiya. 
accustomed, pa. Ecewakta. 
ache, vi. Yazaij. n. Woyazai). 
achieve, vt. Okihi ; ohiya. 
achievement, n. Ta'ku okihipi. 
acid, a. Skumna ; sku'ya. 
acknowledge, t?£. Ohdaka; he'cetu 

keya. 
acme, n. Iij'kpa. 
acorn, n. U'ta. 
acquaint with, vt. 1. Sdonyekiya : 

acquaint him with tlie facts. 2. 

Sdonkiya ; iyekiya ; acquainted 

with each other. 
acquaintance, n. Iyekiciyapi. 
acquainted, pa. Wasdonya. 
acquiesce, vt. Iyowinkiya. 
acquire, vt. Kamna; okini; on- 

spe ; mnayan. 
acquired, pa. Onspekiyapi. 
acquisition, n. Wakainnapi. 
acquit, vt. Ecoijsniyacopi ; Myu- 

ska; ihunikiya. 
acquittal, n. Kiyuskapi 
acre, n. Makaospe. 
acrid, a. Pa j ta'ga. 



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acrimony 

acrimony, n. Woya^age; woyasice. 
across, prep. & adv. 1. O'pta; 

hdakiijyai) : go across; sweep 

across. 2. Akasanpa; /. koa- 

kata ; ako : he lives across the 

river. 
act, ft Ecoi); ska'ta; vi. Skan; 

ska'ta. n. Woecon ; wokage. 
action, n. Woskinciye ; ohan ; wi- 

cohai) ; waeconpi. 
active, a. Mdiheca ; ohanko. 
activity, n. Womdiheca; ni'naskan. 
actor, n. Waecon ; ska'ta. 
actual, a. Wowicake. 
actually, a. A'wicakeya. 
actuate, vt. I'yopastaka. 
acute, a. Pe'sto ; wacinksapa. 
adage, n. Ehanna wicoie. 
adapt, vt. Kipiya ka'ga. 
add, vt. 1. Yuwitaya : add two 

and ten. 2. Aehnaka : I will 

add my mite. 
adder, n. Wamduskasica. 
addict, vt. Econsa ; econkiya. 
addition, n. Yuwitayapi; oijspa 

akagapi. 
additional, a. San 'pa. 
address, vt. 1. Wahokonkiya; eci- 

ya : he addressed the people. 

2. Oz'uha akan owa : address 

a letter. 3. Kuwa. n. Woowo- 

hdake ; oz'uha akan owapi ; 

tuktenyeyapi ; wohdakapi en 

opiiciyapi; okiyapi; wowayu- 

pika. 
adduce, vt. Cazeyata ; pazo. 
adept, n. Wayupika. 
adequate, a. Iyenakeca ; iyecetu. 
adhere, vi. O'ha ; o skapa ; opa. 
adherent, n. O'peyaun. 
adhesion, n. Wi'yaskape. 
adhesive, a. I'kapa ; a'skape. 
adieu, n. Wakantanka onsinida 

nuij. 
adjacent, a. I'yokihe ; ikiyena. 
adjective, n. Wocaze o'kihe. 
adjoin, vt. I'yokihe un. vi. I'ciyo- 

kihe un. 



advance 

adjourn, vt. Kihnaka; aehnaka; 
enakiye. 

adjudge, vt. Yuhe kta yaco. 

adjudicate, vt. Yaco ; Y. yasu. 

adjunct, n. Ta'ku ikoyake. 

adjure, vt. Wakantanka cazeyan 
eciya. 

adjust, vt. Kipiya ka'ga. 

adjustable, a. Piyepica. 

adjustment, n. Piyapi. 

adjutant, n. Akicita o'kihe itancan . 

administer, vt. Econ ; wicaku ; 
awanyaka; kicanyan. 

administration, n. Kicanyanpi. 

admirable, a. Wastedapi. 

admirably, adv. Yanyaij. 

admiral, n. Ozuyewata it an car). 

admiration, n. Stedapi. 

admire, vt. Steda ; inihan. 

admissible, a. O'peyepica. 

admission, n. 1. O'pekiyapi; en 
ukiyapi. 2. He'cetu eyapi. 

admit, vt. 1. En iyayeya; o'pe- 
kiya. 2. Iyowinyan ; he'cetu 
keya. 

admittance, n. En ya'pi. 

admonish, vt. Iwaktaya; waho- 
konkiya. 

admonition, n. Wowahokonkiya. 

ado, n. Owodutaton. 

adopt, vt. Ta'waye kta icu. 

adoption, n. Cincayapi icupi. 

adorable, a. Ohodapica. 

adoration, n. Waohodapi. 

adore, vt. Ohoda ; wasted a. 

adorn, vt. Yuwaste ; yuwitan. 

adrift, adv. O'kahbog. 

adroit, a. Wayupika ; ohanko. 

adult, n. Tan'ka. 

adulterate, vt. He'casni icahiyapi. 

adulterer, n. Wawicihahapi econ. 

adultery, n. Wawicihahapi. 

advance, vt. 1. Iyopteya : advance 
the army. 2. Pazo ; yatanii) : 
advance the statement. 3. Wan- 
kan yeya : advance the price, 
vi. Iyopta ; waijkanya : advance 
in his studies, a. I'tokam : an 



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advanced 

advance payment n. Woiyopte; 

iyoptapi; tokahaijpi. 
advanced, j>a. Tokahaq; wai)kantu. 
advancement, n. Woiyopte. 
advantage, n. Wookihi; wokici- 

waste. You have the advantage 

of me: mi'kapeya wookihi duha. 
advantageous, a. Okiciwaste. 
advent, n. Hi ; hi kta. 
adventure, n. Woakipa okokipe. 

vt. Kokipe sni skai). 
adventurer, n. Wa'kinomani. 
adverb, n. Wawoyaka o'kihe. 
adversary, n. To'ka. 
adverse, a. Itkom u ; wakipazh). 
adversely, adv. Kipaziijyai). 
adversity, n. Wocantesica. 
advert, vi. Cazeyata. 
advertise, vt Yaotaijh). vi. Waya- 

otaijir). 
advertisement, n. Wayaotaijiijpi. 
advice, n. 1. Ciijkiyapi ; ecoijsipi : 

the advice of his friends. 2. 

Woyakapi ; toketu oyaka : a 

letter of advice. 
advisable, a. Ecoqpiiyececa. 
advise, vt 1. Ciijkiya ; ecoijsi : 

advise a friend. 2. Okiyaka : I 

will advise you when I go. 
advised, pa. Ecoijsipi : Unadvised. 
adviser, n. Tuwe oijspekiya. 
advocate, vt. Iciya. n. Wawiciya. 
adz, n. Caijicakai). 
aerial, a. Tate ohna. 
aeronaut, n. Wicastakiijyai). 
afar, adv. Te'han. 
affable, a. Wohdakesa. 
affair, n. Wicohai) ; ta'kn. 
affect, vt Kuwa; kuwakoqza; 

iyokipi; ececa. 
affected, pa. Ta'kuiciya ; waciij- 

yuza. 
affecting, pa. Cantiyowicakisica. 
affection, n. Wowaciijyuza. 
affectionate, a. Waihakta. 
affectionately, adv. Waihaktaya. 
affiance, vt Yu'ze kta yustaijpi. 
affidavit, n. Wowicake wowapi. 



against 

affiliate, vt. Om skai) ; kodaya. 

affinity, n. Woihakta. 

affirm, vt He'cetu eya. 

affirmation, n. He'cetu eyapi. 

affix, vt. Ikoyaka. 

afflict, vt. Iyokisinya. 

afflicted, pa. Iyokisica. 

affliction, n. Woiyokisica. 

afflictive, a. Iyokisinyapi. 

affluence, n. Wowizice. 

affluent, a. 2ica ; wizica. 

afford, vt. 1. Iyecen wi'zica : I 
can't afford to buy coffee. 2. 
Okihi : the good can well afford 
to die. 3. Icahya ; yukai) : the 
well affords plenty of water. 

affray, n. Kieizapi. 

affright, it. Yusinyeya. 

affront, vt Istenya; ostehda. 

afire, a. Ide. 

afloat, a. Okapota; yukai). 

afoot, adv. Huiijyui) ; Y. $ T. ma- 
kaamani. 

afore, prep. Ftokam. 

aforesaid, a. I'tokam cazeyatapi. 

afraid, a. Kokipa ; wakokipe. 

afresh, adv. Akta ; piya. 

African, n. Wasicunsapa. Y. $ T. 
Ha'sapa. 

aft, a. Wahektapa. 

after, adv. &prep. 1. Iyohakam : 
after supper. 2. Wi'cihakam : 
I stood after him. 3. Huwe ; 
Y. hiyo : go after water. 4. Oq : 
inquired after you. After all, 
uij'haijketa; he'easta. 

afterbirth, n. Tamni. 

afternoon, n. Wi'cokayasaijpa. 

afterwards, adv. Iyohakam. 

again, adv. Ake ; akes ; is. Again 
and again, akihdehde. 

against, prep. 1. Itkom; i'tkoMm : 
go against 2. Akan; kaseya 
iyam : dashed against the rocks. 
3. Ipatai) : lean it against the 
wall. 4. On : wi'yeya : toys laid 
up against Christmas. Against 
each other, ki'cipatitai). — 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



age 

Against the wind, tatoheya. — 
Over against, i'yotakons. 

age, n. 1. Wicoicage : ages gone 
by. 2. Oicage : twelve years of 
age. 3. Ta'waihdawapi ; wa- 
niyetu wikcemna non'pa sam 
wanzi : he is of age. vt. Wi- 
cahca a'ya. 

ag cd, pa. Wicahca ; waniyetu ; 
kai) ; waniyetu o'ta. 

agency, n. 1. Ateyapi ti; owo- 
pamni ; T. Owakpamni : San- 
tee Agency. 2. Woecon ; wo- 
skiijciye : it is an agency for 
good. 3. Waeconsipi : a mer- 
cantile agency. 

agent, n. 1. Ateyapi : Indian agent. 
2. e'ekiya awanyaka. 3.Waecoi). 

aggrandize, vt. Yutanka. 

aggravate, vt. Akaga ; sam yusica; 
canzeya. 

aggravation, n. Sam yusica ; wo- 
canze. 

aggregate, vt. & a. Yuwitaya ; wi'- 
taya. n. O'yuwitaya. 

aggressive, a. Wicakuwasa. 

aggressor, n. Tokaheya econ. 

aggrieve, vt. IyoMsinya. 

aghast, a. Inihan ; tansag ta. 

agile, a. Ohanko. 

agility, n. Ohankopi. 

agitate, vt. Yuskanskan ; aia. 

aglow, a. Sasa ; ide. 

ago, adv. Ehantanhan ; hekta. 

agoing, adv. Ya ; iyopte. 

agonize, vi. Kakisya skan. 

agony, n. Wokakize. 

agree, vi. 1. O'konwanzidan awa- 
cinpi : brothers should agree. 
2. Okiciwaste : agree with thine 
adversary. 3. He'cetu kta eya ; 
wicada ; keya : all agreed to the 
proposition. 

agreeable, a. Iyowicakipi ; waste ; 
ohnayai). 

agreeably, adv. Iyokipiya. 

agreement, n. Woyustan iapi; 
o'konwanzidan awacinpi. 



alike 

agriculture, n. Mankicanyanpi. 

aground, a. & adv. A'zi. 

ague, n. Cancarjpi woyazan. 

ah, inter}. E ; ho ; ho. 

aha, interj. Ehai) ; ohan. 

ahead, adv. Tokaheya ; tokata. 

ahem, interj. do. 

ahoy, interj. Hiwo. 

aid, vt. O'kiya; wasagya. n. Wao- 

kiyapi; ookiye. 
ail, vt. Iyazai) ; to'keca. 
ailment, n. Woyazan. 
aim, vt. 1. Pazo ; e'pazo : aim a 

gun. 2. Hiyuya ; yapa : His 

remark was aimed at me. n. 

Ta'ku kuwa ; wapazo. 
aimless, a. Woawacin co'dai). 
air, n. 1. Tate ; anptaniya : breathe 

pure air. 2. Dowanpi ho itan- 

cai) : you sing the air. 3. Ohan ; 

ohai) kon/zapi. vt. Okadusya; 

yutanii). 
airtight, a. Tate okaduzesni. 
airy, a. Tatesa ; okaduza ; kapo- 

zedan; wi'haha. 
aisle, w. Ti'piwakai) ocankuye. 
ajar, adv. Akazamni. 
akin, a. & adv. Takuya. They are 

akin, takukiciyapi. 
alacrity, a. Womdiheca. 
alarm, vt. Inihanya; iwaktaya. 

n. Woyusinyai) ; wowakta. 
alarming, pa. Woyusinyan. 
alarmingly, adv. Wokokipeya. 
alas, interj. He'hehe. 
albino, n. Ukaska. 
alcohol, n. Miniwakai) ska. 
alderman, n. Otonwe itancan. 
ale, n. Minitahtoi) hanpi. 
alert, a. Wakta ui) ; ohanko. 
algebra, n. Wi'yacii) wayawapi. 
alias, adv. Caze unman. 
alibi, n. Tokai) ui). 
alien, n. Oyatetokeca ; to'keca. 
alienate, vt. Yutokeca. 
alight, vi. Iyahan. 
alike, a. I'akidececa. adv. I'aki- 

decen. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



alive 

alive, a. Ni ; te'sni ; mdiheca ; 
itkoi) ; a'taya skanskan. 

alkali, n. Cahota haijpi. 

all, a. 1. Owa8iij; T. oyasin; 
iyunpa, T. #• Y. iyuha : a/f 
wen. 2. Hmniyai) : aW the way. 
3. A'taya : all the nation. 

all, adv. A'taya. All along, ihui)- 
niyai). — All but fell, owateca 
hinRpaye kta tka. — At all, eca- 
ca. — All for play, ska' tapi e'ce- 
dai) on. — -4W o/a sudden, ihnu- 
hanna. — J# over, a'taya ihuni. 
— All the same, to'keca sni. — 
For all that, he'casta. 

allay, vt. Yuasni. 

allege, vt. Eya; iyaonpa; cazeyata. 

allegiance, n. Ihakam un'pi. 

allegory, n. Wi'yacinpi. 

alleviate, vt. Yuaokpani; onfcpa 
yuwaste. 

alley, n. Otonwe canku cis'tina. 

alliance, n. Wodakota. 

allied, pa. Odakonkiciyapi. 

alligator, n. Ahdeskatanka. 

allot, vt. Ku ; iMyuta. 

allotment, n. Ta'ku ku'pi ; makoce 
ikiciyutapi. 

allow, vt. 1. Iyowirjkiya : no smok- 
ing allowed. 2. Ku : allows good 
wages. 3. Kecii) : I allow he teas 
drunk. 

allowable, a. Iyowinyepica. 

allowance, n. Ku'pi ; iyowinyanpi. 

all-round, a. Ecaowancaya. 

allude, vi. Ka. 

allure, vt. Iyutanye ; nmun'ga. 

allusion, n. Wacazeyatapi. 

alluvium, n. Makikceka. 

ally, n. Kici ti'dan ; ookiye. vt, 
Wodakota ki'caga. 

almanac, n. Wiyawapiwowapi. 

almighty, a. Iyotan wasaka. 

almond, n. Yahugapiwankadan. 

almost, a. Ikiyedan; owateca; 
isnikaes. 

alms, n. Wahpanica taku kupi. 

aloft, adv. Wankan. 



amend 

alone, a. & adv. Isnana; ecedan. 
along, adv. &prep. Iyopta; ohna. 

Along by, kahda. — Along with, 

kici ; ko'ya. 
alongside, adv. I'sakim. 
aioof, adv. I'tehai) ; tokai). 
aloud, adv. Taninyan; ho'tankaya. 
alphabet, n. Oowa ; a-b-c. 
already, adv. Wanna ; e'es wanna. 
also, adv. & conj. Nakun. 
aitar, n. Wa'hnawosnapi ; T. wa'- 

gnawaunyanpi ; oyanke. 
alter, vt. Yutokeca ; vi. To'ke- 

caaya. 
alteration, n. Yutokecapi. 
alternate, a. Unmai) itogto : alter- 
nate stripes, vi. Unman itogto 

skan/pi : day alternates with 

night, n. E'ekiya ye kta. 
alternately, adv. Unman, itogto. 
although, conj. Esta; Y. esa; 

keyas. 
altitude, n. Waijkantuya. < 
alto, n. Win/yai) ho o'kihe. 
altogether, adv. Owasin. wi'taya : 

a'taya; e'cedai). 
alum, n. Pezutazaqzaq seca. 
always, adv. Ohiijni. Always the 

same, oliiijni he'eetuwanzica. 
am, v. 1st per s. sing, of be. 
amass, vt. Pahi. 
amateur, a. & n. Woihakta orj 

kuwa. 
amaze, vt. Inihaijya. 
amazement, n. Wowinihai). 
amazingly, adv. Wowinihaijyai). 
ambassador, n. Oyateyesipi. 
ambiguous, a. Ta'ku ka'pi tai)ii) 

sni. 
ambition, n. Ohiyewacinpi. 
ambitious, a. Ohiyewaciij. 
ambulance, n. Caijpahmihma wa- 

yazanka toksu. 
ambush, n. Iyawicapepi. 
ameliorate, vt. Yuwaste. 
amen, n. He'cetu nunwe. 
amenable, a. Ihukuya ui). 
amend, vt. Piya . yuwaste. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



amends 

amends, n. Piyapi ; wokazuzu. 
American, n. Isantanka ; P. Mi'na- 

hai)ska. 
amiable, a. Tawacii) waste. 
amicable, a. Waihakta. 
amicably, adv. Iyokipiya. 
amid, prep. E'hiia ; cokaya. 
amidst, prep. E'hna ; cokaya. 
amiss, adv. & a. He'cetu sni; 

ecinsniyan. 
amity, n. Wowastekiciyapi. 
ammunition, n. Iozu. 
among, amongst, prep. E'hna; Y. 

ekna; T. e'gla; a'kipam; 

o'peya. 
amorous, a. Wacantiheye. 
amount, a. To'nakeca ; yuwitaya- 

pi ; to'ken ka'pi. vi. Iyohi ; ka. 
ample, a. Otankaya; iyohihca; 

o'ta. 
amply, adv. Tanyenca. 
amputate, vt. Baksa; hu baksa. 
amuse, vt. Magagaya ; inaya ; wi'- 

hahaya. 
amusement, n. Womagaga. 
an, a. Waij ; waijzi. 
analogous, a. Iyececa. 
anarchy, n. Woope wanica. 
anathema, n. Woyasica. 
anatomy, n. Wicataijcan wooijspe. 
ancestor, n. Hunkake. 
anchor, n. Ma'zaaspeyapi : wat- 

icaspe. vt. Aspeya. 
ancient, a. Ehanna; wanakaza. 

n. Ehanna wicasta. 
and, conj. ]£a ; ca ; T. na : un'kaij ; 

T. yuij'kaij ; nakun. 
anecdote, n. Woyakapi. 
anew adv. Piya;te'ca. 
angel, n. Mahpiyaohnihde ; waho- 

siyewakan. 
anger, n. Wocaijniye; wocanze. 

vt. Caijzeya. 
angle, n. Okahmin. vi. Ho'psica. 
angry, a. Caijniyaij ; caijze ; wo- 

hitika. 
anguish, n. Woiyokisice. 
animal, n. Wamakaskaij ; (small 



antipathy 

animals) watutka; (ruminat- 
ing) woteca. 

animate, vt. Niya; nikiya; yu- 
niya ; mdihenya. a. Ni. 

animated, pa. Ni ; mdiheca. 

animosity, n. Wabtekicidapi sni. 

animus, n. Co : ta'ku ka'pi. 

ankle, n. Iskahu. 

annals, n. Woyakapi : o'maka oya- 
kapi. 

annex, vt. Aehnaka ; onspa akaga. 
n. Akagapi. 

annexation, n. Ikoyagyapi. 

annihilate, vt. Atakunisniya ; owi- 
hankeya. 

anniversary, n. Wokiksuye aijpe- 
tu ; o'maka iyehantu. 

announce, vi. Yaotamn. 

announcement, n. Yaotaijiijpi. 

annoy, vt. Nagiyeya ; kisdeya. 

annoyance, n. Wonagiyeya. 

annual, a. O'maka iyohi ; o'maka 
waijzi. 

annuity, n. Wopamni ; o'maka 
iyohi ta'ku ku'pi. 

annul, vt. Yuecetusni. 

anoint, vt. Sdakiya. 

anomalous, a. To'keca. 

anon, adv. Ecana ; to'kesta. 

anonymous, a. Caze wanica. 

another, a. To'keca; waijzi to'keca. 

answer, vt. 1. Ayupta : I will an- 
swer. 2. Iyehantu ; ecetu : the 
house will answer, n. Woayupte. 

answerable, a. Ayuptepica ; wawi- 
waijgapi kta. 

ant, n. Tazuska. 

antarctic, a. O'kah ihanke. 

anteater, n. Tazuska yu'ta. 

antecedent, n. Otokahe. 

antelope, n. Tatokadan. 

anthem, n. Odowan han'ska. 

&ntl' t prefix. Kipazin. 

antic, n. Wowiha oecon. 

anticipate, vt. I'tokam awacin ; 
kecii) ; kapa. 

antidote, n. Wosicakte. 

antipathy, n. Wahtedasni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



antiquated 

antiquated, a. Wicohan ehanna. 
antique, a. Ehanna hca. 
antler, n. He'yuhaha. 
anvil, n. Ma'zaahdehe. 
anxiety, n. Wocanteaica ; eanta- 

hdepi; ni'na cii). 
anxious, a. Cantesica ; ni'na cin ; 

inahni. 
anxiously, adv. Cantesinya. 
any, a. 1. TV we ; tu'we kasta : 

any man. 2. Onge : any sugar. 

3. Tukte : any damage, adv. 

Onge; oi) 'spa. 
anybody, pron. TV we; wicasta. 
anyhow, adv. To'ketukasta. 
anyone, pro. Tu'wekasta. 
anything, pro. Ta'kukasta. 
anyway, adv. To'ketukasta. 
anywhere, adv. Tuktentukasta. 
anywise, adv. To'ketukasta. 
apace, adv. Dus ; ohanko. , 
apart, adv. Kimikaq ; tokan ; yu- 

spuspu. 
apartment, n. Ti'pionspa. 
apathy, n. Waawacinpisni. 
ape, n. Waui)ca : T. heolela. vt. 

Un'cu. 
aperture, n. Ohdoka ; T. oMoka. 
apex, n. In'kpa. 
apiece, adv. Iyohi ; kinukan. 
apologize, vi. Ohdaka; iciya; 

icantesica ohdaka. 
apostate, n. Wowicada nu'ni. 
apostle, n. Yesipi. 
appall vt. Tansagteya. 
appalling, pa. Woyusinyan. 
apparatus, n. Icuwa. 
apparel, n. Heyake ; Y. hayake ; 

T. hayapi. 
apparent, a. Taijii) ; se'ca. 
apparently, adv. Se'ececa. 
apparition, n. Wanagi. 
appeal, vi. 1. Tokai) ye kta : I 

appeal to Caesar. 2. Da ; ice- 

kiya : J appeal for aid. 3. Iyo- 

hiya : the call appeals to every 

heart. 4. Cazeyata : appeal to 

history. 



8 approbation 

appear, vi. Taninyan u ; taijiq ; 
taniijiciya ; se'ececa. 

appearance, n. Owanyake ; tanixj ; 
ta'ku tanin ; en hi. 

appease, vt. Asnikiya ; asniyan ; 
yuasni. 

appendix, n. Ihanke ka'gapi. 

appertain, vi. En ikoyake; ta'- 
wava. 

appetite, n. Wocaijtahde ; docinpi. 

appetizing, pa. On docinpi. 

applaud, vt. Yatan ; i'yakis'a. 

applause, n. Woyatan. 

apple, n. Taspai) ; taspantanka. 
Apple of the eye, istasu. 

applicable, a. Unpica ; en aupica. 

applicant, n. Da; wicohan da. 

application, n. 1. Da ; da'pi wo- 
wapi: his application was re- 
jected. 1. Waehnakapi : a soft 
application. 3. Ta'ku iyowaza : 
the application of the sermon. 
4. Waawacinpi : close applica- 
tion. 

apply, applied, vt. Aehnaka; e'- 
hnaka ; a'ya ; en yeya. vi. 

1. Da ; eciya. 2. Iyowaza ; 
Mpi; kapi. 

appoint, vt. Kahniga ; econsi ; 

ka'ga ; e'hde. vi. Wakonza. 
appointment, n. 1. Wakahniga. 

2. Ta'ku econ kta eyapi. 3. 
Icuwa; heyake. 

apportion, vt. Pamni. 
appraise, vt. Tohantu yawa. 
appreciate, vt. Pida; wankan yawa; 

wi'yukcan ; wasteda. 
apprehend, vt. 1. Okahniga. 2. 

Tehi kta ecin ; ikopa. 3. Yu'- 

za; Y. oyuspa. 
apprehensive, a. Waawacin ; wi'- 

kopa. 
apprentice, n. Wowasi onspeki- 

yapi. 
apprise, vt. Iwaktaya. 
approach, vt. Ikiyedan u ; en i ; 

kuwa. n. Kiyadan u ; oenape. 
approbation, n. He'oetudapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



appropriate 

appropriate, vt. 1. Aehnaka : ap- 
propriate money for Indians. 
2. Ikikcu; ta'wa kta icu. a. 
Iyehantu; okiwafcte. 

approval, n. Iyeoetu da'pi. 

approve, vt. He'cetu da ; yutan- 
in. ; wadte ihdutanii). 

approximate, a. Ikiyedaq. v. Dri- 
yedai) ye. 

April, n. Wi'itopa ; Magaoka- 
dawi j Watopapiwi. 

apron, n. Makuakahpe; T. makua- 



apt, a. 1. Wayupika; wacin- 

ksapa ; ohanko. 2. Ecee ; sa. 
aptitude, n. Wookihi. 
aptly, adv. Wayupiya. 
aquatic, a. Mini. 
arable, a. Wozupiwaste. 
Arapahoe, n. Mahpiyato. 
arbitrary, a. Iyetokencii) econ; 

suta; tefrika. 
arbitrate, vt. Woakinica yaco. 
arbor, n. Canwapatipi. 
arc, n. Canhdeaka on spa. 
arch, n. Mibeya awakeyapi. 
arch, prefix. Itancai). 
archer, n. Wanyeya. 
architect, n. Ticanwiyukcan. 
archive, n. Wowapi omnaye. 
arctic, a. Waziyata ihanke. 
ardent, a. Wohitika ; ka'ta. 
ardor, n. Womdiheca. 
arduous, a. Tehika; wakitan. 
are, 2nd per s. sing, andplur. ind. 

o/Be. Un. 
area, n. Oiyute ; oyanke. 
argue, vt. To'keca oyaka ; iaaki- 

nica. 
argument, n. To'ken on. etanhai) 

he'cetu. 
arid, a. Waicage sni. 
aright, adv. Tanyan. 
arise, vi. Hinapa; icaga; inazin. 
aristocratic, a. Wahanicida. 
arithmetic, n. Wayawapi. 
ark, n. Noah tawata ; wa'ta ; 

koka wakan. 



9 as 

arm, n. Isto ; adetka ; wi'pe. v. 
Wi'petoi) ; wi'pe fcu. 

armful, n. Istoozudan. 

armless, a. Istowanica. 

armor, n. Ozuye heyake. 

armory, w. Wi'petipi. 

armpit, n. Doksi; a. 

army, n. Ozuye ; akicita. 

aroma, n. Ecamna. 

around, adv. & prep. O'ksan ; 
ohomni ; kohdamniyan ; a'ki- 
beya. 

arouse, vt. Yuhica; i'yopastaka. 

arraign, vt. Iyaonpa; kaska. 

arrange, vt. Tanyan e'hnaka ; 
piya. vi. Wayustan ; piiciya. 

arrangement, n. Oehnake. 

array, vt. 1. E'hde ; koyagya. 

arrear, n. Iyohiaui. 

arrest, vt. Kaska ; oyuspa ; ana- 
pta: na'zinkiya. 

arrival, n. Hi ; ehaiji ; tu'we hi. 

arrive, vi. Hi; hihuni; ehaiji. 

arrogant, a. Aokahyaskaij ; wa- 
haijieida. 

arrow, n. Waijhinkpe ; wai). 

arrowhead, n. Waijhi. 

arson, n. Tiideyapi. 

art, 2nd per 8. sing. o/Be. Un. 

art, n. Wooijspe. 

artery, n. We'kaij dus iyapa. 

artesian, a. Minibosdi. 

artichoke, n. Paijgi. 

article, n. Ocaze ; iapi ; aehna- 
kapi iapi. 

articulate, vt. E'napeya ; o'kihe 
ka'ga. 

artifice, n. Wowayupika. 

artificial, a. Ka'gapi. 

artillery, n. Ma'zakantanka. 

artist, n. Wakahwayupika. 

artless, a. Wahanicidasni. 

as, adv. $ conj. 1. Iyecen : as 
good as, iyecen waste. 2. To'- 
ken : as I do, so he does. 3. 
He'ca : some animals are cun- 
ning, as the fox. 4. Icunhai) : 
as we were riding home. 5. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



ascend 

Keyas : bad as he is. 6. Na- 
kaes : as he is little, he can 
play. As for, e'kes. — As if, 
or as though, iyecen. — As yet, 
nahaqMi) ; dehaijyai). 

ascend, vt. Wankan ya ; adi. 

ascending, pa. I'tanwankaqhde ; 
aiyakapteya. 

ascension, n. Iyakaptapi ; wai)- 
kanyapi. 

ascent, n. Oiyakapte ; waijkan- 
yapi. 

ascertain, vt. Sdonya. 

ascribe, vt. Ki'ciyawa ; ku. 

ash, n. Pseh/tii). 

ashamed, a. Isteca. 

ashes, n. pi. Cahota. 

ashore, adv. Hen ; hutata. 

ashy, a. Canotase. 

aside, adv. Icuijom ; tokai). 

ask, v. 1. Da ; kida. He asTced a 
dime, kaspapi waijzi da. — He 
asked him for a dime, kaspapi 
warjzi kida. 2. Iwaijga. He 
asked him the road, caijku 
iwaijga. 3. Kico ; usi : he asked 
him to dinner. 

askance, adv. Hdakiijyai). 

askew, adv. fimiijyai). 

aslant, adv. Nakeya. 

asleep, a. Istiijma. The foot 
asleep, siha tatake. 

asp, n. Wamduska. 

aspect, n. Owarjyake. 

aspen, n. Wahciijca. 

asperity, n. Onanksizeca. 

asperse, vt. Yasihtii). 

aspirant, n. Akita ; cii). 

aspirate, a. Oowa oniyasi'ca. 

aspiration, n. Caijtiheyapi. 

aspire, vt. Akita; kuwa ; cii). 

aspiring, pa. Wankantuwach). 

ass, n. Son'sonnahca. 

assail, vt. Iyanpaya ; aia. 

assassin, n. Tin'wicakte. 

assault, vt. Takpe; natai). 

assemblage, n. Omniciye. 

assemble, vt. Mni'ciya. 



10 at 

assembly, n. Omniciye. 
assent, vi. He'cetuda eya. 
assert, vt. Eya; kitan. 
assertion, n. Ta'ku eya ; iapi. 
assess, vt. Woyuha owa. 
assessor, n. Owicawa. 
assets, n. Kazuzu kta hna'ka. 
assidnons, a. Wakitanpi. 
assign, vt. On kanniga; e'kici- 

hnaka ; ku. 
assignation, n. Wicakupi. 
assimilate, vt. Ta'waiciya ka'ga. 
assist, vt. O'kiya. 
assistance, n. Wookiye ; o'kiyapi. 
assistant, n. Ookiye. 
associate, vt. Yuokonwanzina ; ki- 

ci ui) ; kodaya. n. Kicica. 
association, n. Kodakiciyapi; o'ko- 

dakiciye : Young Men's Asso- 
ciation. 
assort, vt. Obe ecekcen e'hnaka. 
assortment, n. Ocaze ; ocaze ece 

e'hnakapi. 
assuage, vt. Yuasni; yuhukuya. 

vi. Kun ya ; asni. 
assume, vt. Icu ; he'eetu yawa ; 

kon'za. 
assurance, n. Yuwicakapi ; a'wi- 

cakeya sdonyapi. 
assure, vt. A'wicakehai) sdonye- 

kiya; ecetukiya. 
assuredly, adv. A'wicakehai). 
astern, auv. Wahektapa; he'kta. 
astir, a. Skanskai). 
astonish, vt. Yusinyeya. 
astonishing, pa. Woyusinyaye. 
astound, vt. Tansagteya. 
astounding, a. Wowinihai). 
astray, adv. Onuniyai) ; nu'ni. 
astride, adv. Akamdas. 
astringent, a. Pa ; ta'ga. 
astronomy, n. Wicai)hpi woonspe. 
astute, a. Ksa'pa ; wakcanka. 
asunder, a. Yukinukai). 
asylum, n. Wicaonsikatipi ; wo- 

winapetipi. 
at, prep. Ekta ; iyehan. He is 

at the river, wakpa ekta un.— 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



ate 

2" will come at noon, wi'cokaya 

iyehan wau kta. 

At all, ecaca. — At hand, 

ikiyedai). — At last, un/hai)- 

keta. — At least, he'ceca sta ; 

dan. — At your service, wi'yeya. 

Get at, iyohi; yu'za. — Bun at, 

anatai). 
ate, imp. of Eat, yu'ta. 
atheist, n. Ta'kuwakan wanlca 

kecii) 
athirst, a. I'puza. 
athletics, n. Tancai) kaorjspepi. 
athwart, prep. Hdakiijyai). 
atlas, n. Makoce owapi. 
atmosphere, n. Tate. 
atom, n. Wokpena. 
atone, vt. Kazuzu ; ecetuya. 
atrocious, a. Nina si'ca. 
attach, vt Ikoyagya ; a'skamya. 

Attach to, ikoyaka; iyayuha; 

ihakta. 
attack, vt Anatai) ; kuwa ; kipa- 

zii). n. Wonataq. 
attain, vt Iyohi. 
attainment, n. Wooijspe okihi. 
attempt, vt Iyuta; econuta. n. 

Econutapi. 
attend, vt 1. Kici ya ; o pa : 

attend the king; attend the 

meeting. 2. Kuwa; en e'wa- 

cii) : attend to your lessons. 
attendance, n. O'papi ; en hi'pi. 
attendant, n. Tu'we o'pa ; kicica. 
attention, n. Tinsaawaciijpi. 
attentive, a. Waawaciij. 
attest, vt Yuwicaka. 
attic, n. Tice ; wankantipi. 
attire, vt Koyaka; kicui). n. 

Wokoyake; hayake. 
attitude, n. Piiciyapi; piiciya. 
attorney, n. Waaiawicasta. 
attract, vt. Yutitan ; iyutanye. 
attraction, n. Woyutitai). 
attractive, a. Iyutaijwicaya ; wi'- 

ciyoMpi. 
attribute, n. Ohan ; ta'ku ta'wa- 

kiyapi; (Gram.) wi'yatokeca. 



11 averse 



attribute, vt En ai ; ku. 
attune, vt. Ho i'ciyokipiya. 
auburn, a. Sa gi ; sasa. 
auction, n. Pan'wiyopeyapi. 
audacious, a. Ta'kudanohodasni. 
audible, a. Tan in. 
audience, n. Nahonyankapi ; om- 

niciye; wonahoi). 
audit, vt. He'cetu keya. 
auditorium, n. Omniciyetipi. 
auger, n. Caijiyumni. T. Cani- 

yuhloke. 
aught, n. Ta'ku kasta. 
augment, vt Yutanka. 
augur, vt Ayata. 
august, a. Okinihan. 
August, n. Wi'isahdogai) ; Wasu- 

tonwi. 
aunt, n. Tonwin. ; (if mother's 

sister) ina. 
auspices, n. pi. Woawanyake. 
auspicious, a. Owastecaka. 
austere, a. Ke'za ; ksizeca. 
authentic, a.' Wicaka. 
authenticate, vt Yuwicaka. 
author, n. Ka'ga ; tu'we ka'ga. 
authority, n. Wowas'ake. 
authorize, vt. Wowas'ake ku. 
autobiography, n. Oniohdaka. 
autocrat, n. Ta'waiciya itancai). 
autograph, n. Caze oiciwa. 
autonomy, n. Oyate isnaihduhapi. 
autumn, n. Ptanyetu. 
auxiliary, a. Waokiya. n. Qokiye. 
avail, vt. Okiciwaste ; kicun ; iyo- 

kihi. 
avail, n. Wi'yokihi. Avails, wo- 

kamna. 
available, a. Icupica ; unpica. 
avalanche, w. Ca'ga kasduta. 
avarice, n. Watehindapi. 
avaricious, a. Woyuha caijtahde. 
avenge, vt. Watokicon. 
avenue, n. Canku ; otonwecanku. 
aver, vt. Wowicake eya. 
average, vt. Yuocokaya. a. Oco- 

kaya; ecee. n. Cokaya. 
averse, a. Iyokipisni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



aversion 

aversion, n. Wowahtedasni. 
avert, vt. Yutokan. 
aviary, n. Zitkadantipi. 
avidity, n. Wocaijtahde. 
avocation, n. Wicohan. 
avoid, vt. Aohomnl ya ; econ sni. 
avouch, vt. Wowicake eya. 
avow, vt. Ohdaka. 
avowed, pa. Taninyan oyakapi. 
await, vt. Akipa. 
awake, awoke, vt. Yuhica. vi. 
Kikta ; mdes'hinhda. a. Kikta 

Ul). 

awaken, vt. YuMca. 

awakening, n. Woyuhica. 

award, vt. Ku ; woohiye ku ; n. 
Woohiye ; ta'ku ku'pi. 

aware, a. Sdonya ; wakta. 

away, adv. Tokai) ; to'kiya ; he'- 
cetuwanzica. Bun aicay, tokai) 
iyaya, nazica. — Sing away, 
dowai) yanka. — Work away, 
he'cetuwaijzica econ. — Away 



12 backwater 



back, ehanna. — Away with, 
tokai) a'ya. — Do away with, 
or make away with, ayustan- 
kiya ; ihangya. — Bight away, 
katii)yai). 

awe, vt. Yusinyeya. w. Woyu- 
siijyaye. 

awestruck, a. Inihai). 

awful, a. Wowinihai) ; wowi- 
toijpe; okokipe. 

awfully, adv. Wowinihanyai). 

awhile, adv. Ki'tanna te'han. 

awkward, a. Waonspekesni ; e'- 
cipe sni ; to'ketu tai)ii) sni. 

awl, n. Tahinspa. 

awning, n. Mininuhaohanzi. 

awoke, imp. of Awake. 

ax, n. Oqspe ; mazonspe. 

axiom, n. Ecawowicake. 

axis, n. Ayuhomnipi. 

axle, n. Huhdakiqyai). 

aye, n. Hai) ; ho. 

azure, a. To ; mahpiyato. 



B 



Baal, n. An'pawiwakai). 
babble, vi. Iaa : hmui)nmui). 
babbler, n. les'a. 
babe, n. Hoksiyopa. Y. Hoksi- 

copa. T. Hoksicala. 
Babel, n. Iapiota. 
baboon, n. Waunca. 
baby„ «. Hoksiyokopa. a. Cis'- 

tinna. vt. Hoksiyopakiya. 
babyish, a. Hoksiyopaseca. 
bachelor, n. To'hinni tawicutoi) 

sni. 
back, n. Tapete ; T. tapetu ; caij- 

kahu. Lie on your back, itun- 

kam yanka. 
back, a. fieyata ; i'siijyai) ; he'- 

kta. 
back, vt. 1. He'kta iyayeya : back 

the horse. 2. Nakicizii) : back 



a candidate. 3. Cankahu ki'- 
caga : back a book. 4. Akan 
owa : back a letter, adv. He'kta ; 
icicawin ; heyata. 

backache, n. Cankahuyazai). 

backbite, vt. Nanmana yahtaka. 

backbone, n. Cankahu. 

backdown, n. Enakiya. 

backer, n. Nakicizii). 

backfire, n. Kokam ideyapi. 

background, n. I'sinyai) ; he'kta. 

backhanded, a. He'ktaitoheya. 

backing, n. Nakicizinpi. 

backset, n. He'kta iwanka. 

backside, n. Nite ; oijze. 

backslide, vi. He'kta iyaya. 

backward, adv. He'kta. o. He'- 
kta ui) ; hun'kesni. 

backwater, n. Minitanmini. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



backwoods 

backwoods, n. Canyata; makos- 

kan. 
bacon, n. Wasii) ; kukusecosyapi. 
bad, a. Si'ca ; orjspeani. 
bade, imp. of Bid. 
Bad River, n. Wakpasica. 
badge, n. Wa'petokeca; cefiki- 

kan. 
badger, n. Hoka. v. Nagiyeya. 
badly, adv. Sicaya ; tehiya. 
Bad Hills, n. flesapa. 
baffle, vt. Okihisniya. 
bag, n. 1. Wozuha : a big bag. 

2. Ozutonpi : a bag of oats. 3. 

Aze : a cow's bag. vt. Ozutoi) ; 

hmun'ka. 
toaggage, n. Wanpayeca; can'o- 

hnaka. 
bah, interj. Hoh. 
bail, n. 1. E'ekiya kaskapi. 2. 

Ce'ga ihupa. vt. 1. E'ekiya 

ihdaska on kiyuskapi. 2. Ka- 

pta; miai ehpeya. 
bairn, n. Hokaiyopa ; cinca. 
bah, n. Watai) ; wonapce. vt. 

Watankicatoi) ; won'kiy;i . 
bake, vt. Spanyai). vi. Span aya ; 

tasaka. 
baker, n. Aguyapispanyan. 
bakery, n. Aguyapiowaspanye. 
baking-powder, n. Wi'napohye. 
balance, n. 1. On'aspeyapi. 2. 

Iyaye. vt. Aspeya ; oicazo 

to'ketu yawa. 
bald, a. Sda ; pe'ada. 
baldly, adv. Za'zaya. 
bale, n. Wapahtapi; wopahte. 

vt. Panta. 
baleful, a. WayuSica. 
balk, vi. Ihdonica; wicadasni. 

vt. Kagiya; okihisniya. 
balky, a. Ihdonicesa. 
ball, n. 1. Ta'pa : throw the ball. 

2. Ta'ku mibe : the earth is a 

ball. 3. Ma'zaaii : a riffle-ball. 
ball, vt. Psunkakaga. vt. Wa 

o'tkapa : the horse's feet ball. 
ballad, n. Ikceodowai]. 



13 bar 

ballast, n. Wiya'ka ; ta'ku on wi- 

tawata yuowotannapi. 
balloon, n. Wozuhakinyai). 
ballot, vi. Kansuiyonpeya. n. 

Kai) suiyonpeyapi. 
ballroom, n. Owacitipi. 
balm, n. Pezutawastemna ; wico- 

nipezuta. 
balmy, a. Ecamna ; wastemna. 
balsam, n. Isdayewastemna. 
bamboozle, vt. Hna'yan. 
ban, n. Wokaske. 
banana, n. Iyagezizi. 
band, n. 1. Iyuskite ; ipante ; wi- 

ciake. 2. Okodaklciye j op- 

taye. 
bandage, n. Minihuhaiyuskite. vt. 

Yuwi ; yuskiskita. 
bandit, n. Wamanonwicasta. 
bane, n. Woyusice. 
baneful, a. Wayusica. 
bang, vt. 1. Kabu. 2. Itehinbak- 

sapi. vi. Bu'hinhda. n. Bu. 

With a bang, buyena. 
banish, vt. Iyayeya ; oyate to'- 

keca ekta iyayeya. 
banjo, n. Ha'sapatacanbubu. 
bank, n. 1. Maya ; paha. 2. O'- 

huta : the river bank. 3. Ma'- 

zaskatipi : money in the bank. 

vt. Mayakaga ; aokata ; ma'za- 

skatipi en e'hnaka. 
bankbill, n. Ma'zaskawowapi. 
banker, n. Ma'zaskatipi yuha. 
bankrupt, a. Kazuzu okihi sni. 
banner, n. Wi'yokihedan. 
banquet, n. Kicicowotapi. 
banter, vt. Econape ; on/skate. 
baptism, n. Mniakastanpi. 
Baptist, n. Okodakiciye kihnug 

mniawicakastanpi. 
baptize, vt. Mniakastan. 
bar, n. 1. Wi'natake, mazinatake; 

can'inatake : let down the bars. 

2. Wokagi ; wiyaka : a bar in 

the river. 3. Wa'Myapioyanke, 

the prisoner stands at the bar. 

4. Wa'hna miniwakai) wi'yope- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



baseball 

yapi. vt. Nataka; anapta; 

kagiya : kago. 
barb, n. Keze ; ope ; onci. 
barbarian, n. Ikcewicasta. 
barbarism, n. Ikceoui). 
barbarity, n. Wowaoijsidasiiiwi- 

cohai). 
barbarous, a. Ikceka ; to'keca. 
barbacue, n. Ikcewonmniciyapi. 
barbed, a. Pepe ; pe ; pe'sto. 
barber, n. Putinhinkasai). 
bard, n. Odowaijikcekaga. 
bare, a. 1. Sda : bare ground, 2. 

Tancodai) : bare feet. 3. E'ce- 

dai) ; napiijyui) co'dai) : with 

bare hands, vt. Sdayaehpeya. 
bareback, a. Akii) co'dai). 
barefaced, a. Istecesni. 
barefoot, a. Sicodai). 
barely, adv. Kitarjyai) ; iyusoyan. 
bargain, n. Woecoi) yustanpi ; wo- 

kamna. vt. Yu&tai) : bargain 

away, wi'yopeya. Bargain for, 

opetoi). 
barge, n. Wa'ta sicumdaska. 
bark, vi. Pa'pa ; pa. n. Pa'pi. 
bark, n. Canha. t'f. Canha yunu, 
bark, n. Wi'tawata. 
barley, n. Wayahotahinsma. 
barn, n. Wanuyaijpitipi. 
barnyard, n. Wanuyanpionazh). 
barrack, n. Akicitatipi. 
barrel, n. Kokapahmihma ; ma'- 

zakanohdogeca. 
barren, a. Waicagesni ; ciijca wa- 

nica. 
barricade, vt. Nataka. n. Wona- 

taka. 
barrier, n. Corj'kaske ; wokagi. 
barroom, n. Miniwakar) hde'pi. 
barrow, n. Kukuse susu wanica. 
barter, vt. Tokiyopeya. 
barytone, n. Wicaho ocoka. 
basal, a. Ku'ceyedai) ; hu'te. 
base, n. Hu'te ; hutkai) ; onazirj. 

a. Ku'ceyedai) ; ta'kutaninsni ; 

si'ca. 
baseball, n. Takapapi. 



14 bayonet 

baseless, a. Hu'tenica ; ituya. 
basely, adv. Ituya ; sicaya. 
basement, n. Tihute. 
baseness, n. Wowahtesni. 
bashful, a. Wi'steca. 
bashfulness, n. Wi'stecapi. 
basin, n. 1. Waksica ; napozaza. 

2. Makoce oskokpa. 
basis, n. Hu'te ; oahehde. 
bask, vi. Kaniciya. 
basket, n. Makai)opiye ; cohwan- 

zica woknake ; yan'kapina. 
bass, n. Wakadarjhiyuzapi. 
bass, or base, n. Hokuya. 
bassviol, n. Canpakinzapitanka. 
basswood, n. Hin'tacan. 
bastard, n. Tuwecincataniijsni ; 

wohnaye. 
baste, vt. 1. I'had kagege. 2. 

Wopasnoi) iui). 
bastile, n. Coij'kaske. 
bat, n. 1. Hupahuwakihdakena : 

a bat can fly. 2. Takicapope : 

a baseball bat. 3. Oape : a bat 

on the head. vt. Apa; ta'pa 

apa. 
batch, n. Okahwanzina ; opahi. 
bath, n. Ihduzazapi ; niwaijpi. 
bathe, vt. Yuzaza ; spa'yeya. 
baton, n. Can'hpi. 
battalion, n. Akicitaoptaye tanka. 
batten, n. Cai)mdaska sbu'na. vt. 

Okoaokatan. 
batter, n. Aguyapicocoyapi. vt. 

Apapa; kahuhuga; bomdeca. 
battery, n. Waapapi ; ma'zakan- 

taijka ota : wakaqhdiokage. 
batting, n. Ta'hcahiijkakcapi. 
battle, n. Okicize; akicita kici- 

zapi. vi. Kiciza ; kici ecoi). 
bauble, n. Ta'kusni ; wi'napi- 

skanye. 
bawl, it. Ho'tankaceya ; par). 
bay, a. Hiij'sa ; Y. $ T. Hirjik- 

ceka. n. Mde'cahmin ; sun'- 

kahoton. At bay, oyarjke i'te- 

hai). 
bayonet, n. Ma'zakanhi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



bayou 

bayou, n. Mdecahmin. 
bazaar, n. Mazopiyedan. 
be, am, is, was, vi. 1. Ui) ; ni. 
lam, waui). — You are, yaui). 

— Heis, ui). 2. As a copula- 
tive and auxiliary, it is not 
expressed. You are fat, ni- 
cepa. — Be it so, he'cetu. — 
Let it be, ayustai). 

beach, n. Huta ; miniwanca huta. 

beacon, n. Wowakta ; pe'ta. 

bead,n. Totodan; sipto ; wanapin. 

beak, n. Pasu ; zitkapasu. 

beam, vt. I'zanzan ; iyoyanpa. w. 
Iyozanzai) ; can'ihupa. 

bean, n. Omnica. 

bear, bore, vt. 1. Yuha; ton : 
he bore it on his head; she bore 
twins. 2. Icahya : that tree 
bears apples. 3. Econ ; yustai) : 
bear the expenses. 4. Patan- 
yuza : bear doicn. vi. Ahdas- 
kin wai)ka ; patanyuza ; iyo- 
winyai). Bear a hand, o'kiya. 

— Bear off, tokan ya. — Bear 
date, wiyawapi ka'gapi. — Bear 
with, iyowinyai). 

bear, n. Mato. Black bear, wa- 
hanksica. — Grey bear, mato- 
nota; sakehanska. 

beard, n. Putinhii) ; ikuhii). vt. 
i'tkokipa. 

bearer, n. Yuha ; a'ye. 

bearing, n. 1. Yuhapi : bearing 
of children. 2. Oihduhe : his 
bearing. 3. Oiyahde ; ta'ku iyo- 
waza : in all its bearings. 4. 
Wowacintanka. 

beast, n. Wahutopa ; woteca. 

beastly, a. Wotecase ; si'ca. 

beat, vt. 1. Apa; iyapa; kasu- 
suza. 2. Kapa ; kte'dan : Henry 
beat Beat a drum, cehkabu. 

— Beat back, anapta. 

beat, n. Oape ; apapi ; oomani. 
beaten, a. Nasutapi ; ke'za. 
beau, beaux, w. Koska wi'tantai) ; 
koska waste. 



15 beef, beeves 



beauteous, a. Waste ; oiyokipi. 
beautiful, a. Waste ; t a i) waste : 

owanyagwaste. 
beautifully, adv. Yupiya. 
beautify, vt. Yuwaste. 
beauty, n. Wowanyakewaste ; tu- 

we owanyagwaste. 
beaver, n. Ca'pa. 
becalm, vt. Yuamdakedai). 
became, imp. of become. 
because, adv. Nakas ; he'onetan- 

han. Y. Dakas; caijke. 
beck, n. Wi'kiyutapi. 
beckon, vt. Wi'kiyuta ; nape- 

koza. 
becloud, vt. Yuataninsni. 
become, vi. Icaga ; a'ya ; iyaya : 

the boy becomes a man. What 

became of, to'kahon. vt. Ki'- 

ciwaste ; iyokipi ; iyecetu : a 

becoming hat. 

bed, n. 1. Owinza ; tukten istin- 
mapi ; owanka : go to bed ; a 
bed of coal. 2. Wozupi owanka, 
a bed of roses. 3. Oiina waijka; 
sicu ; ozuha : the bed of the 
river. — Bed-fast, to'hhjni na'- 
zii) sni. — Bed-fellow, kici is- 
tinma. 

bedaub, vt. Akastaka. 
bedazzle, vt. Istosoisya. 
bedbug, n. Wamduska sasa. 
bedding, n. Owirjza. 
bedeck, vt. Inkiya. 
bedew, vt. Acuya. 
bedim, vt. Yuataninsni. 
bedlam, n. Hnaskinyanpi. 
bedridden, a. Na'zii) sni ui). 
bedroom, n. Istinmatipi. 
bedside, a. Owanka icahda. 
bestead, n. Ohehdepi ; owanka. 
bedtick, n. Owiijzaozuha. 
bedtime, n. Wan'kapi iyehantu. 

bee, n. 1. Tuhmaga : the bee 
makes honey. 2. Omniciye : 
a quilting bee. 

beech, n. Utuhu haska. 

beef, beeves, m. Tado; tatanka 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



beefsteak 

coiiica: tender beef. Beef cattle, 
tatanka tadoyapi kta. 

beefsteak, n. Tado ceguguyapi. 

beehive, n. Tuhmagatipi. 

bee-line, n. Caqku owotanna. 

been, pp. of be. 

beer, n. Minitantoi). 

beeswax, n. Tuhmaga ihdi. 

beet, n. Pangisasa. 

beetle, n. 1. Tapopuska. 2. Can- 
iyapetanka. 

befall, vt. Akipa ; iyahdeya. 

befit, vt. Iyokipi ; iyecetu. 

befog, vt. Poya ; wacinhnuniya. 

before, prep. I'tokam ; i'kokam. 
Before long, ecadai). — Before 
night, htayetu i'tokam. adv. 
I'tokam; tokaheya. 

beforehand, adv. I'tokam. a. Oi- 
cihi; wayuha. 

befriend, vt. Kodaya ; o'kiya. 

beg, vt. Da ; kida ; iceMya. vi. 
Wada ; wacekiya. / beg you, 
ce'ciciya. — Come begging, ti- 
mata hi. To beg I am ashamed, 
wadapi imasteca. 

began, imp. of begin. 

begat, imp. of beget. 

beget, vt. Ka'ga ; icaliya. 

beggar, n. Wadasa ; on'sika. 

beggarly, a. On'sika ; ta'kusni. 

beggary, n. Wowahpanica. 

begin, vt. Tokaheya ecorj ; toka- 
hai) ; watokahan. It begins to 
rain, wanna magazu. — He 
can't begin to run as fast, iyo- 
was in'yai)ka okihi sni. 

beginner, n. Nakaha ecoi). 

beginning, n. Otokahe. 

begone, interj. Iyaya ; kihda. 

begot, imp. of beget. 

begrudge, vt. Koi). 

beguile, vt. Hna'yan ; iyutaijye. 

behalf, n. Oi) etaijhai). 

behave, vt. Piiciya; ohanyai). 

behavior, n. Ohanye ; woecoi). 

behead, vt. Pa'baksa. 

behest, n. Oie. 



16 bend, bent 

behind, prep. Iheyata ; ihektam j 

ihakam. adv. He'kta. 
behindhand, a. He'ktaun. 
behold, vt. Waqyaka. vi. Ahitoij- 

wai). 
beholden, a. Yu'zapi ; icazopi. 
beholder, n. Wawanyaka. 
behoove, vi. Iyececa. 
being, ppr. of be. 
being, n. Ouij ; oni. 
belated, pa. Te'han ihuni sni. 
belch, vt. Poh hiyuya. 
beleager, vt. Aohomniya. 
belfry, n. fida'hdatipi. 
belle, vi. Ecen eye sni ; ecetuye- 

sni. 
belief, n. Wowicada ; wicadapi ; 

to'ken kecinpi. 
believe, vt. Wicada ; awacin ; ke- 

cin. 
believer, n. Wicada ; o'pa. 
belittle, vt. Yatakunisni. 
bell, n. Ma'zahdahda ; hda'hda. 
belle, n. Wi waste itancan. 
belligerent, a. Okicize. 
bellow, vi. Hoton ; bu. 
bellows, n. Tatekaga. 
belly, n. Nige ; ikpi ; tezi. 
belong, vi. Ti ; oyanketawa. 
belong to, vi. Ta'wa ; en ikoyaka. 
belonging, n. Ta'ku ta'wa. 
beloved, a. Wastedapi. 
below, prep. Hmkuya; i'hutam. 

adv. Ku'ya; o'kah. 
belt, n. Ipiyaka. 
bemoan, vt. Aceya. 
bench, n. Can'akaijyakapi han/- 

ska : ahna pazipapi j wayacopi; 

paha hepiya omdaye. 
bend, bent, vt. Yuksai) ; yuksiza ; 

yuwiijza; yuhomni; yuksa 

skan; e'cedan awacin. Bend 

the ear, anagoptan. — Bend the 

grass, pezi kawiijza. vi. Ksan ; 

ksai) ye. n. Ipaksan ; oyuksan. 

Inside the bend, okahmin. — 

Outside the bend, ipusi. — One 

bend, o'ha wanzi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



beneath 

beneath, prep. Ihukuya. adv. Ku'- 

ya; hukuya. 
benediction, n. Woya waste. 
benefaction, n. Wowaste wiconan. 
beneficence, n. Wowaon&da. 
beneficent, a. Waonsida. 
beneficial, a. Wayuwaste ; waste. 
beneficiary, n. O'kiyapi. 
benefit, vt. O'kiya ; yuwaste. 
benefit, n. Wookiye ; wowaste. 
benevolence, n. Taijyai) wacinki- 

ciyuzapi; wowaonsida. 
benevolent, a. Taijyai) wacinyuza ; 

wacantkiya. 
benighted, a. Aokpasya un. 
benign, a. Wacantkiya. 
benignant, a. Wayuwaste. 
bent, imp. of bend. 
bent, pa. Ksan ; en ihdutitan. 
bent, n. Wocaijteyuza. 
benumb, vt. Kiksuyesniya. 
bequeath, vt. Aihpekiya. 
bequest, n. Woaihpeye. 
bereave, bereft, vt. Ki ; e'yaku. 
bereavement, n. Wahpaniyapi. 
berry, n. Waskuyeca ; su. 
berth, n. Owanka. 
beseech, vt. Ce'kiya ; da. 
beset, vt. Anazin ; kuwa ; aohdu- 

teya; zu. 
beside, prep. Eahda ; icahda ; 

isakim. adv. Ikiyedai) ; ica- 
hda. 
besides, prep. $ adv. Iakam ; icun- 

om; kokta; anna. 
besiege, vt. Aonawicataka. 
besmear, vt. Akastaka. 
besom, n. Wi'cahinte. 
besotted, pa. Itomni. 
besought, imp. of beseech. 
bespatter, vt. Akastanstai). 
bespeak, vt. Iwahoya ; iciya. 
bespoke, imp. of bespeak. 
best, a. Iyotanwaste. n. Tukte 

iyotai) waste, adv. Wakapeya ; 

iyotan ; itancanyai). 
bestial, a. Wotecase. 
bestir, vt. Aiciciya ; mdiheiciya. 



17 big 

bestow, vt. Ku ; e'hnaka. 

bestride, vt. Akamdas na'zii). 

bet, vt. Yekiya. n. Ta'ku yeki- 
yapi; kaskapi. 

betake, vt. Iyaya ; inanpa. 

bethel, n. Owacekiyatipi. 

bethink, vt. Eiksuya ; awacin. 

betide, vt. Ki'ciyanka ; ayata. 

betimes, adv. Ecadan ; ohanko. 

betoken, vt. Iwaktaya. 

betook, imp. of betake. 

betray, vt. To'ka o'kiya ; wi'yo- 
peya; hna'yan; yutaijin. 

betroth, vt. Yu'ze kta yustan. 

better, a. San'pawaste. vt. San'- 
pawaste ka'ga ; yuwaste. adv. 
San/patanyai). 

betting, n. Wayekiyapi. 

between, prep. Otahedan ; okita- 
hedai) ; okookna. adv. Okita- 
hedan. 

betwixt, prep. Okitahedai). 

bevel, vt. Oh'ya ka'ga. a. On'ya. 

beverage, n. Woyatke. 

bevy, n. Optaye. 

bewail, vt. Aceya. 

beware, vt. Itonpa. vi. Wakta. 

bewilder, vt. Waciijhnuniya. 

bewildered, pa. Wacinhnuni. 

bewitch, vt. flmuij'ga; yuhna- 
sMnyai) ; iyokipiya. 

beyond, prep. Ako ; akotanhan ; 
i'sanpa ; ikapeya. 

hi-, prefix. Non'pa. 

bias, a. Oh'ya. n. Owaciijyuze. 

bib, n. Makuakanpe. vt. Yatkai). 

Bible, n. Wowapi Wakan. 

bickering, n. Kicigepi. 

bicycle, n. Canhdeskaakanyai)- 
kapi. 

bid, bade, vt. 1. Econsi : he bid the 
boy come in. 2. Eciya : he bid 
her f good day. 3. Ku kta eya : 
/ bid a dollar, n. To'ken ke cii) . 

bide, vt. AMpe. 

biennial, a. Waniyetu non'pa ni. 

bier, n. Can'akiyuhapi. 

M* (bigger, biggest), a. Taijka- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



bigamy 18 

To feel big, tan'kaicida. — To 

talk big, itanka. 
bigamy, n. Tawicu noijpapi. 
Bighorn Mountains, n. fleska. 
bigot, n. Watankaicida. 
Big Sioux River, n. Can kasdata. 
bile, n. Minizi ; pizi. 
bilious, a. Miniziyukan ; ocinsica. 
bill, n. 1. Oicazo wowapi ; mini- 

huha ma'zaska. 2. Zitkapasu. 

vt. Wowapi on yaotanin. 
billet, n. Wowapi ci'stinna ; can- 

ksa. 
billiards, w. Ta'pa bohmihmapi; 

T. icaalo econpi. 
billow, n. Miniwanca ta'za. 
bin, n. Opiye ; woknake. 
bind, bound, vt. Kaska; yuski- 

skita ; opaponki'caga ; ozuba- 

ton. Bind wheat, aguyapipa- 

nta. — Bind books, wowapi 

ozuhatoi). 
binding, n. Apahdate ; iyuskite ; 

ozuha. 
biography, n. Ohanoyakapi. 
biped, n. Hunonpa. 
birch, n. Tanpa can. 
bird, n. Zitkadan. Y. Zitkana. 

T. Zitkala. 
birth, n. Ton 'pi ; oicage. Give 

birth to , ton. 
birthday, n. Ton 'pi anpetu. 
birthplace, n. Ton 'pi oyanke. 
birthright, n. Toi] pi on ta'waya. 
biscuit, n. Aguyapi psuijka. 
bisect, vt. Cokaya baksa. 
bishop, n. Waawanhdake. 
bishopric, n. Woawaijyake. 
bison, n. Tatanka ikceka. 
bit, n. 1. On spa. a bit of paper. 

2. Ma'zaiiyuwi. T. Ma'zayapa. 

3. Caijiyumni hi. 
bit, imp. of bite. 
bitch, w. Sun'ka wi'yedan. 
bite, vt, Yahtaka ; yapa ; yaksa ; 

yatinza. vi. WayaMaka. n. 
Onspa ; woyaMake. Bite to 
death, yata. 



blat 



bitter, a. 1. Pa : bitter medicine. 

2. Otehika ; wayazipa : bitter 

cold. 
bitterly, adv. Pe'stoya ; caijte- 

siijya. 
bittern, n. Hokadai). 
bitterness, n. Wopaza; woiyoki- 

sica. 
black, a. Sa'pa; ha'sapa; hin'- 

sapa ; sica ; sapa. n. Sa'pa ; 

ha'sapa. vt. Samya. 
blackberry, n. Takanheca tan'ka. 
blackbird, n. Zitkatanka; # F. Ptea- 

hpaye ; T. Wahpatanka. 
blackboard, n. Canmdaskasapa. 
blacken, vt. Samya ; samya ; ao- 

kpasya. 
Blackfeet, n. Sihasapa. 
blackguard, vt. Ostehda. a. & n. 

lsica ; wayasica. 
blackhaws, n. Mna. 
blacking, n. Wi'samye. 
blackish, a. Sa'peca. 
blackmail, vt. Wakokipekicali ki. 
blacksmith, n. Ma'zakaga. 
blacksnake, n. Wamduskasapa. 
blacktail, n. Sintesapedai). 
bladder, n. Odeza. 
blade, n. 1. Ape : a long blade of 

grass. 2. Ope ; oyuksiza : a 

knife with two blades. 
blamable, a. Iyaoijpepica. 
blame, vt. Iyaonpa ; ba ; en ai. 

n. Woba. 
blanch, vt. Skakaga ; ynska. vi. 

Skahinhda; iteska. 
bland, a. Wa'hba ; iyokipi. 
blandly, adv. Iwastedai). 
blank, a. Ta'kuna owapi srii ; ska ; 

ececesni. 
blanket, n. Sina; sina ikceka. 

Wear the blanket, sinahdoin. 

vt. Sina on akahpa. 
blaspheme, vt. Ohodasni in. 
blast, vt, Bozuzu ; boseca ; bota. 

n. Tate ; tateyanpa ; yahotonpi. 
blasted, pa. Bosihtii) ; sica. 
blat, vt. Onspekesni eya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



blaze 

blaze, in. Ide : the fire Mazes. 

vt. 1. Yaotanin : blaze his name 

abroad. 2. Kasku: blaze the 

trees, ft. 1. Oide ; iyoyanpa. 

2. Kaskupi; ska. 
bleach, vt. Skaya. vi. Ska aya. 
bleak, a. Oasica ; tatesa ; osui. 
blear, a. Aogi ; mini au. 
bleat, vt. Hoton; ta'heaskahoton. 
bleed, bled, vi. We; wewe; we 

uya; we au. vt. Weya; we 

icu ; kakpa ; mazaska ki. 
blemish, n. On spa si'ca. 
blend, vt. I'cicahiya. 
bless, vt. Yawaste ; canwasteya. 
blessed, blest, pa. Yawastepi. 
blessedness, w. Wowaste. 
blessing, n. Woyawaste ; wotapi 

ce'Myapi. 
blew, imp. of blow. 
blight, vt. Yusniza; ft. Wosihtin. 
blind, a. Istagonga ; ki'tai) tanin ; 

tanin sni. vt. Istagoijgaya ; 

yutaijii) sni. ft. Istagoijga; 

oakanpe; wohnaye. 
blindfold, vt. Istapanta. 
blindly, adv. Taninsniyan. 
blink, vi. Istakakpaij ; wanya- 

kesni konza. 
bliss, n. Wocantewaste. 
blissful, a. Cantewaste. 
blister, vt. Hayusdoka. 
blithe, a. Wi'haha ; wi'yuskin. 
blithesome, a. Wi'haha. 
blizzard, n. Icamnatanka. 
bloat, vt. Napohya. vi. Napoga. 
bloated, pa. Napoga; ce'pa. 
block, n. 1. Canobaksa; cai)- 

psunka; inyan omdoton. 2. 

Otonwe obaspe. 3. Wokase. vt. 

Nataka ; kagiya ; kaomdoton ; 

okage pazo. 
blockade, n. Natakapi ; akicita 

con'kaske. vt. Nataka. 
blockhead, n. Wacintonsni. 
blond, n. Haska. 
blood, ft. We ; wotakuye ; tuwe 

ohitika. 



19 Blue Earth River 



bloodshed, n. We papsonpi. 

bloodshot, n. We kahtan. 

bloodthirsty, a. Weye kta hca. 

bloody, a. We ; wewe ; weyesa. 

Bloods, n. We'wicasta. 

bloom, vi. dca ; saiciya. n. Hca ; 
iyotanwaste. 

blooming, pa. flea ; waste. 

blossom, n. Wahca; hcapi. vi. 
flea. 

blot, vt. Yusapa; akastaka; sa- 
mya. Blot out, yuatanin sni; 
pazuzu. ft. Wosapa ; samya 
asbuyapi. 

blotch, ft. Wosapa; onspa to'keca. 

blotter, ft. Minisapa ipuspe. 

blouse, ft. O'kdegangan.. 

blow, blew, blown, vt. 1. Ipogan, 
blow the fire. 2. Yahoton yazo, 
blow the horn. vi. Ipogan ; poh'- 
iyeya; bobdu; tan'kaicidaia. 
Blow away, bohaiyeya. — Blow 
down, bowanka. — Blow off, bo- 
hinta. — Blowout, bosni. — Blow 
the nose, poge yuzinca. — Blow 
up a steamboat, wa'tapeta na- 
mdasya. The dust blows, maka 
bobdu. ft. 1. Apapi ; oape : 
a blow with a stick. 2. Woa- 
kipe tehika : a hard blow to the 
family. 3. Tate : a big blow 
last night. 4. Honagidan cin- 
ca : the meat was full of blows. 
5. Tan'kaicidaskanpi. 

blower, n. On ipoganpi ; ihda- 
tansa. 

blown, pa. flea. 

blubber, n. Hogan siij. vi. Ce'ye- 
ktakta ; ce'ya eya. 

bludgeon, ft. Canksa ; can'hpi. 

blue, a. 1. To ; mahpiyato. Dark 
blue, to sa'pa; to stan. 2. Can- 
tesica se : I feel blue. 3. Wacin- 
yepiea ; suta : he is true blue. 

bluebell, ft. Wahcato. 

blueberry, w. Aunyeyapi. 

Blue Earth River, ft. Makatooze 
wakpa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



bluff 20 

bluff, n. fie; paha; maya. vt. 

Kakam enpeya. a. Onan ka- 

tinyan ; maya. 
bluing, n. Wi'toye. 
bluish, a. Ki'tanna to. 
blunder, vi. Yusna; fticahan eeon. 

n. Woyusna. 
blunt, a. Pe'sni ; otoza ; za'zaya 

eya. vt. O^osya. 
bluntly, adv. Otosya ; za'zaya. 
blur, vt. Aogiya. 
blurt, vt. Ponya oyaka. 
blush, vi. Itenasahinhda. n. Ite- 

8a; wanyagiheyapi. 
bluster, vi. Bobdu; icapta. n. 

Ibobdu ; wohitiya skanpi. 
boa, n. Wanmduskatanka 
boar, n. Kukusemdoka. 
board, n. 1. Canmdaska : a wide 

board. 2. Wa'hnawotapi ; wo- 

tapi. 3. Wa'ta : come on board. 

4. Optaye. vt. 1. Canmdaska 

aokatai) : board it up. 2. Woku : 

/ will board you. 3. Wata en 

opa : board the ship. vi. Wota ; 

kazuzu wota : he boards else- 
where. 
boarder, n. En wota. 
boarding, n. En wotapi. 
boarding-house, n. Owotetipi. 
boast, vi. Ihdatan. 
boaster, n. Ihdatans'a. 
boastful, a. Ihdatans'a. 
boat, n. Wa'ta. A bull boat, tahn- 

kawata. 
boating, n. Wa'taayapi. 
boatable, a. Wa'ta a'yepica. 
boatman, n. Wa'tawicasta ; wa- 

topa. 
bob, n. Oin ; ta'ku psunka ; paka- 

psanpi. vt. 1. Kapsaqpsan ; 

kacegceg : bob his head. 2. Ba- 

ksa, bob the horse's tail. 
bobtail, n. Onzinca. 
bob-white, n. Siyosapena. 
bode, vt. Iwaktaya. 
bodily, a. Taijcai). adv. Tantoij- 

yan. 



body, n. 1. Tancan ; cenpi. 2. 
Wicasta ; tuwe : she is a merry 
body. 3. Optaye : a body of 
soldiers. 4. Mnayanpi ; yuwi- 
tayapi : a body of laws. 

bog, n. Wiwi ; maka coco. 

bogus, a. Wphnaye. 

boU, vt. Ohan ; ipinya. Boil beef, 
tado ohan. Bail water, mini 
ipinya. vi. Ipiga ; skanskan. 

boil, n. Siyakao : a boil on his 
hand. 2. Ipinyapi. 

boiler, n. Ohna ipinyapi ; wa'ta- 
peta oipihya. 

boiling, n. Onanpi ; ipinyapi. 

boisterous, a. Okoyaskan ; wohi- 
tika. 

bold, a. Ohitika ; waditaka ; oki- 
tanin ; ta'kuonodasni. 

boldly, adv. Waditagya. 

boldness, n. Wowaditake. 

boll, n. Su'ozuha. 

bolster, n. Ipahinhanska ; ipahin. 
vt. Ipahinkiton. 

bolt, n. 1. Mazinatake ; tiyomi- 
natake. 2. Ma'zaoyuskite ; ma'- 
za : fastened with bolts. 3. 
Wayeyapi. A thunderbolt, wa- 
kiijyai} kutepi. 4. Mininuha 
opante : a bolt of calico. 5. Wi'- 
yncai) han'ska. vt. 1. Nataka : 
bolt the door. 2. Yucan, bolt 
the flour, vi. 1. Botonyai) ya, 
he bolted into the room. 2. Iya- 
ya ; napa : ten delegates bolted, 
adv. Patinyan : bolt upright. 

bolter, n. Napapi ; tokai) skanpi. 

bomb, n. Ma'zasu napomyapi. 

bombard, vt. Ma'zasu anapom- 
yapi. 

bombastic, a. Wayatankaia. 

bonafide, a. Wowicake. 

bonanza, n. Ma'zaskaoke. 

bonbon, n. Canhanpisuksuta. 

bond, n. Wokaske ; wowapi on 
indaskapi. vt. Kaska. 

bondage, n. Wokaske ; kaskapi. 

bonded, a. Kazuzu kta kaskapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



bondman 

bondman, n. Easka un ; wayaka. 
bone, n. Hu ; huhu. 
boneless, a. Huhu wanica. 
bonfire, n. Wi'yusMn cetipi. 
bonnet, n. Win'yaijwapaha Ih, 

Wapostai). 
bonny, a. Waste ; taqwaste. 
bonus, n. Iakamkupi : sinte. 
bony, a. Huhu ota ; huhu taijii). 
booby, n. Witkotkoka. 
boodle, n. Wi'si ; optaye. 
book, n. Wowapi; wowapi ozu- 

haton. vt. Owa; wowapi en 

owa. 
bookbinder, n. Wowapi ozuha 

ka'ga. 
bookcase, n. Wowapi opiye. 
bookkeeper, n. OwaMyapi. 
booklet, n. Wowapi cis'tinna. 
bookmark, n. Wowapi wasaghde. 
bookshop, bookstore, n. Wowapi 

mazopiye. 
bookworm, n. Wowapi e'cedan. 

kuwa. 
boom, n. Bu; ni'na skan'pi; mi- 

nitai) ; can'icoge okaske. vi. 

Bu ; ni'na skan ; ni'na kuwa. 
boon, n. Wowaste. a. Waste. 
boor, n. Waonspekesni. 
boost, vt. Pataniyeya. 
boot, ra. Caq'haijpahanska; sinte; 

vt. Nahtaka. 
booth, n. Caijwapaohanzi. 
booty, n. Woyuha zuyaahdipi. 
boozy, a. Itomni. 
border, n. Opapun ; ihai)ke ; huta. 

vt. Opapuij ka'£a. vi. I'ciyo- 

kihe wanka. 
bore, vt. 1. Ohdogya ; ka'ga : bore 

a hole. 2. Nagiyeya. n. Wo- 

nagiyeya. 
bore, imp. of bear. 
borer, n. Oi) ohdogyapi. 
born, a. Ton/ pi. Still bom : itko- 

kpe. 
borne, pp. of bear. 
borough, n. Otonwe. 
borrow, vt. Odota ; odonicu. 



21 bonqnet 



bosh, n. Ta'kusni. 

bosom, n. Maku ; cuwi ; oma- 
hentu. 

boss, n. 1. Itancai) ; wowasi itan- 
can : the boss comes. 2. Pte- 
wiye. vt. Awanyaka; econkiya. 

botany, n. Wato wooijspe. 

botch, vt. Sinya ka'ga. 

both, a., adv. $ pro. Sakim; na- 
pin: T. nupin. 

bother, vt. Nagiyeya. 

hots, n. Wamduska skaska. 

bottle, n. banzai). 

bottom, n. Cete : bottom of the 
kettle. 2. Maka : touch bottom. 
3. Kun'ihanke : the bottom of 
the class. 4. O'smaka; ku'ya. 
5. Sicu : the bottom of a boat. 

bottomless, a. Cetewanica. 

bough, ?i. Adetka. 

bought, imp. of but. 

boulder, n. In'yan. psunka. 

bounce, vt. Wankaniyeya; ehpeya; 
ayustankiy.< . vi. Wankanhiyu ; 
ipsica. 

bouncer, n. Tuwetanka. 

bouncing, a. Tan/ka. 

bound, imp. of bind. 

bound, vi. Ipsica ; psin'iyaya : the 
ball bounds, vt. 1. Oicago ka'- 
ga ; aohomniya : bounded by a 
swamp. 2. Opapunoyaka : bound 
the State of Ohio. n. 1. Oipsica; 
ipsica : he came with a bound. 
2. Owihanke ; opapun : knows 
no bounds, a. Kaska : bound 
hand and foot. 2. Wowicake ; 
he'cetuhca : bound to go. 3. 
Ozuhaton : a bound book. 4. 
Ekta ya: bound for New York. 

boundary, n. Ohomnioicago. 

boundless, a. Woptecasni. 

bounteous, a. Ohanpi'. 

bountiful, a. Ohaijpi' ; woptecasni. 

bounty, n. 1. Wawicaku; wowa- 
oqsida : God's bounty. 2. Woo- 
hiye ; wokazuzu. 

bouquet, n. Wahcaopahte. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



bourn 

bourn, n. Owihanke. 

bow. vi. Patuza ; pakapsaij, bow 
to the king. vt. Yuksa ; yuksiza, 
bow the knee. n. 1. Wopatuza, 
a low bow. 2. Ipa, the bow of 
the boat. 

bow. n. 1. Itazipe, the Indian's 
bow. 2. Ksai) ; can, ksai), a 
wagon bow. vt. Yuksan ; yuk- 
tai). 

bowel, n. Supe ; tanmahen ; ma- 
hentu; caijte. 

bower, n. Cai)ohai)zi. 

bow-knot, n. Yuwosokaskapi. 

bowl, n. 1. Waksica skokpa ; wi'- 
yatketanka : a bowl of milk. 

2. Oskokpa : a bowl in the rock, 

3. Ta'pa bohmihmapi 
bowstring, n. Itazipeikai). 
bow-wow, vi. $ n. Pa'pi ; hotoi). 
box, n. 1. Can 'koka ; can/opiye ; 

koka, a box of crackers. 2. Apa- 
pi ; oape. vt. Apa ; nape mda- 
ska apa ; koka ohnaka. 

boxelder, n. Taskadan, ; Y. Caq- 
suska. 

boy, n. Hoksidai) ; Y. Hoksina ; 
T. Hoksila. 

boycott, vt. Toghda 

boyhood, n. Wicahoksidai). 

boyish, a. Wakanheza se. 

brace, vt. Ipatanhde ; pataijyuza ; 
i'ciyakaska. n. 1. Ipatai) ; cai)'- 
ipatai). 2. I'ciyakaskapi ; ta- 
wanzi, a brace of pistols. 3. 
Caniyumni ipatai). 

bracelet, n. Istoapante ; napo- 
kaske ipahte : T. napoktai). 

bracing, pa. Wasagya ; pataijhan,. 

bracket, n. Wi'yuze. 

brackish, n. Sku'ya ; si'ca. 

brad, n. Ma'zaiokataijcistina. 

brag, vi. Ihdatai). 

braid, vt. Son. n. Soi)'pi. 

brain, n. Nasu; wowiyukcai). 

brake, n. 1. Caijpahmihma huina- 
kehye ; wokase. 2. Taskoza. 

bramble, n. Caqpepe. 



22 break, broke 



bran, n. Aguyapiha'. 

branch, n. Adetka ; ozate ; ospaye. 
vt. Za'ta ; akizan ya. 

branching, pa. Zagzanyauya. 

brand, vt. 'Ghiya; wa'petogtoi). w. 
1. Petuspa.* a fire-brand. 2. 
Ma'zawiguye. 3. Oguye : Mr. 
Smith's brand. 4. Ocaze : a 
brand of crackers. 

branded, pa. *Guyapi. 

brandish, vt. Ko'za. 

brand-new, a. Nakahateca. 

brandy, n. Miniwakarj. 

brant, n. Magasekseca. 

brash, n. Woyazan ahinapa ; a. 
Suta sni. 

brass, n. Ma'zazi ; wi'stecesni. 

brat, n. Hoksiyopa. 

bravado, n. Wohitikakon'za. 

brave, a. Waditaka. n. Tu'we 
ohitika; zuyawicasta. 

bravery, n. Wowaditake. 

bravely, adv. Waditagya. 

brawl, n. Woakinica. vi. Akinica. 

brawn, n. Cehpi. 

brawny, a. Cehpitaijka. 

bray, vt. Bopai) ; hotoi). 

brazen- a. Ma'zazi ; istecesni. 

breach, n. Kicaksapi ; ohdoka. 

breachy, a. Pahdokesa. 

bread, n. Aguyapi ; aguyapita- 
cagu; woyute. 

breadstuff, n. On aguyapi ka'- 
gapi. 

breadth, n. Ohdakinyai). 

break, broke, vt. (Root forms) Ksa; 
spa ; mdeca ; wega ; hdo'ka. 
Break in two, yuksa. — Break a 
piece off, yuspa. — Break in 
pieces, yumdeca. — Break, but 
not separate, yuwega. — Break 
a hole, yuhdoka. 

(Other prefixes.) Break by 
cutting, baksa: — by punching 
or shooting, boksa: — by strik- 
ing, kaksa: — by pushing, paksa: 
— by biting, yaksa : — with the 
foot, naksa. (These prefixes 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



breakable 

may be attached to either of 
the other four root forms.) 

To break a bank, okihisniya : 
bread, yuspaspa : — a colt, kaoi)- 
spe : — the fall, yuahececa : — 
glass, kamdeca : — the heart, 
namdasya :— the law, kicaksa : 
— the leg, yuwega: — the news, 
otokahe oyaka :— prairie, mah- 
teca yumdu : — a promise, yuwi- 
cake sni : — silence, enakiye : — 
a string, yupsaka: — through, 
naoksa : — up, nazuzu ; ayustai). 
vi. 1. Nahdeca ; napopa ; na- 
mdaza : the boil broke, 2. Ihnu- 
harj hihuni ; hi ; taijirj : the 
storm broke; the day breaks. 
3. Kazuzu okihi sni : the bank 
broke. 4. Yutokeca : the horse 
broke his gait. 

n. 1. Oko; oksahe; onasdeca : 
a break in the ice. 2. Wohiyu ; 
wonatai) : a break for liberty. 
3. Wokiyuspe ; yukinukaijpi : 
a break in the tribe. 4. Kun ya : 
a break in the price of wheat. 

breakable, a. Yuksepica. 

breakage, n. Woihanke; wi'ca- 
zuzu. 

breakdown, n. Oiyanicapi. 

breaker, n. Ta'za ; wayuksa. 

breakfast, n. Haijhaqnawotapi. 

breaking, n. Mahteca. 

breakup, n. Woyuzuzu. 

breakwater, n. Miniokaske. 

breast, n. 1. Maku : a large breast. 

2. Aze : one breast has no milk. 

3. Cuwi : anger hid in the breast, 
vt. I'tkokipa. 

breast-bone, n. Makuhu. 
breastpin, n. Makuipasisa. 
breastplate, n. Makuakahpe. 
breastwork, n. Makaokapi. 
breath, n. Oniya ; niya. 
breathe, vt. & vi. Niya ; iwastena 

eya. Breathe out, ipogai). 
breathing, n. Niyapi. 
breathless, a. Niya sni$ \&. 



23 brightly 

breech, n. Ceca ; palm. Breech 

of a gun, pahu. 
breeches, n. Oijzeoge. 
breed, n. Obe ; ospaye. vt. Cin- 

catorjkiya; icahya. vi. Cinca- 

toi). 
breeder, n. Waicahya. 
breeze, n. Tate ; okaduza. 
brethren, n. Hurjkawarjzipi. 
brevet, a. Yuonihan. 
brevity, w. Pte'cedai). 
brew, vt. Minitahtonkaga ; kah- 

waciijakai). vi. Icaga. 
bribe, vt. Nahmaqkicicazuzu. n. 

Ta'kulpipi; wokazuzu. 
brick, n. Makaspai) ; makakaska. 
brickbat, n. Makaspaijoksahe. 
brick-kiln, n. Makaspan acetipi. 
brick-layer, n. Makaspai) ehnaka. 
brick-yard, n. Makaspai) okage. 
bridal, a. Nakaha kiciyuzapi. 
bride, n. Nakahahihnaton. 
bridegroom, n. Nakaha tawicut or). 
bridesmaid, n. Hihnatoqkta naki- 

cizii). 
bridge, n. Caijkahonpapi ; ceyag- 

toijpi. vt. Caijkahtoi). 
bridle, n. Suqgiyuwi ; ipahte. vt. 

Ikiyuwi; kaska. 
bridlebits, n. Ma'zaiyuwi. 
bridle-path, n. Suqgakancaijku. 
brief, a. Pte'cena ; cis'tiyena. n. 

Ptenyena oyakapi. 
brier, n. Caqpepe. 
brig, n. Witawata ihupa noi)pa. 
brigade, n. Akicita optaye kokizu. 
brigadier, n. Akicitataqcaij. 
brigand, n. Wamanoijwicasta. 
bright, a. 1. Wiyakpa; iyega; 

i'zarjzai) : a bright star. 2. Wa- 

chjksapa; wicimdeza: a bright 

writer, 3. Wowiyuskii) ; waste ; 

bright hours. A bright red, 

sa'hca. 
brighten, vt. Pawiyakpa; wacii)- 

ksamya ; iyoyamya ; yuteca. 

vi. Iyoyaijpaaya. 
brightly, adv. Mdesya ; otaijiijyai). 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



brightness 

brightness, n. Wowiyakpa. 

brilliancy, n. Woiyega. 

brilliant, a. Yehyega ; okitanii) ; 
wacirjksapa. 

brilliantly, adv. Yehya ; inihaij- 
yai). 

brim, n. Tete. 

brimful, a. Iyuzimnana ; ozuna. 

brimstone, n. Makazi ; cahdizi. 

brindled, a. Hdehdeza. 

brine, n. Miniskuya mini. 

bring, brought, rt, Au ; alii ; ahioij- 
pa; iyokihi. — Bring about, ece- 
tuya. — Bring forth, ton ; nya. 
— Bring on, kohai) ecoiiya. — 
Bring to pass, ecetuya. — Bring 
up a child, icahya. — Wheat 
brings fifty cents, aguyapisu 
kaspapi za'ptai) iyokihi. 

brink, n. Tete ; maya ; huta. 

briny, a. Sku'ye. 

brisk, a. Ohanko. 

brisket, n. Maku. 

bristle, n. Kukuee bin. ri. Nasa. 
vt. Nasakiya. 

British, n. Sagdasin. 

brittle, a. Stastadai) ; wan/kadai). 

broach, vt. Cazeyata. 

broad, a. Tan/ka ; ohdakinyai) 
tarj'ka. 

broadaxe, n. Onspetaijka; caiji- 
cakai). 

broadcast, adv. Kadaehpeya. 

broadcloth, n. Sinato. 

broaden, vt. Yutanka. vi. Tan/ka- 
aya. 

broadly, adv. Tan'kaya. 

brogan, n. Can/hanpa so'ka. 

brogue, n. Wayatokecapi. 

broil, vt. Ceoijpa ; pasnoi). n. Wo- 
pasnoi) ; woakinica. 

broke, imp. of break. 

broken, pa. Ksawahe. Broken- 
hearted, cantesica ; wacinje- 
yesni. 

broker, n. Wiyopekiciciya. 

bronchitis, n. Dotehbeze hdi. 

bronze, n. fida'hdamaza. 



24 brushy 

brood, vt. Akihnawanka ; caijto- 
hnaka. n. Obe ; optaye. 

brook, n. Wakpadai). 

brooklet, n. Wakpadai) cistiqna. 

broom, n. Owaijkicahinte. 

broomstick, n. Owankicahiijte 
ibupa. 

broth, n. Haijpi ; wahaqpi. 

brothel, n. Witkowiijtipi. 

brother, n. Hurjkawarjzi. My 
brother, mihunkawai) zi ; — His 
brother, hunkawarjzitku. 

(Tbe following are more en- 
dearing terms.) A son's older 
brother, ciijye. — A son's younger 
brother, sui)ka. — A daughter's 
older brother, timdo. — A daugh- 
ter's younger brother, sunka. A 
father's brother's children, ami 
a mother's sister's children are 
accounted the same relation as 
their own children. 

brotherhood, n. Huijkawaijziki- 
ciyapi. 

brother-in-law, n. A man's brother- 
in-law, tahai). A woman'' s 
brother-in-Uiw , sice. 

brotherly, a. Sunkaku iyececa. 

brought, imp of bring. 

brow, n. Istahe ; be ; maya. 

browbeat, vt. Wakokipekicaga. 

brown, n. & a. gi; gitka rt. 
giya. vi. gi aya ; gugu. 

browse, vt. Caqiijkpa yuta. 

bruin, n. Mato. 

bruise, vt. Kasuza; kaskica. n. 
Easuzapi. 

brunette, n. Hagina. 

brunt, n. Iyotantehika. 

brush, n. 1. Canhaka ; canadetka; 
otebi. 2. Wi'casto ; wi'cahinte. 
Shoe brush, can'haijpaisamye. 
Clothes' brush, o'kdeicapowaya. 
— Hair brush, wi'casto. — Paint 
brush, onwikiuijpi. 3. Woki- 
cize ptecedan. vt. Payeza ; 
pastosto ; kahiniyeya ; pakiijta. 

brushy, a. Otebi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



brusque 

brusque, a. Onankeza. 
brutal, a. Wamaniease. 
brute, w. & a. Wamanica. 
brutish, a. Wamanica se. 
bubble, ft. Tagetaijka. vt. Tage- 

kaga ; bomdumdu ; anapsapsa ; 

nmui). 
buck, ft. Tamdoka ; koska j ho'bu. 

vt. Panpewacii) skai). 
bucket, ft. Kokatodai) ; miniyaya. 
buckle, ft. Ma'zawiyuze ; vt. Ma'- 

zawiyuze ikoyake. 
buckler, ft. Wahacaijka. 
buckskin, ft. Taha. 
buckwheat, w. Aguyapisu omdo- 

toq. 
bud, ft. Camni. trt. Camni uya ; 

camni o'stai). 
budge, irt. Yuskaijskai) ; tokai) ya. 
budget, ft. Apante ; owapi. 
buff, ft. *Gi ; gizi ; tahazi. 
buffalo, n. Tataijka; pteikceka. 

Buffalo robe, ptehasina. 
buffalo-berry, n. Mastinpute. 
buffet, vt. Apa ; kiciecoi). 
bug, ft. Tapopuska j wamduskana. 
bugbear, bugaboo, ft. Oi) waliam- 

yapi; wanagikagapi. 
buggy, ft. Cai)pahmihma ci'stina. 
bugle, ft. He'yahotoqpi. 
build, built, vt. Ti'pi ka'ga ; tica- 

ga; ka'ga; sutaya e'hde. w. 

Okage. 
builder, w. Ticage. 
building, ft. Ti'pi ; ticagapi. 
bulb, ft. Hutkai) psnijka. 
bulge, vt. Yutaijka. vi. Po. ft. 

Taij'ka; paha. 
bulk, ft. Tancai) ; hohaijke. 
bulky, a. Paij'&a ; taij'ka. 
bull, ft. Tatankabdoka. t?f. Pa- 

warjkan iyeya. 
bull-boat, ft. Tahukawata. 
bulldoze, vt. Wakokipekicaga. 
bullfrog, ft. Toijtontaijka. 
bullet, ft. Ma'zasu ; suwaijzi. 
bulletin, w. Woyaotai]iii. 
bullock, ft. Tatai)ka susu wanica. 



25 burn, burnt 

bully, w. Ohitiicida. if. Ohitiya 

kuwa. 
bulrush, ft. Psa ; cedi. 
bulwark, n. Makakapi ; wowinape. 
bum, vi, Aa'in. ft. Waas'in. 
bumblebee, w. Tuhmagataijka. 
bump, vt. Iboto; iyapa. ft. Wo- 

iyapa; pazo. 
bun, n. Aguyapi skuyena. 
bunch, ft. Opante ; omnaye ; wo- 

pamna; iyage. A bunch of 

flowers, opahte. — A bunch of 

weeds, wopamna. — A bunch of 

grapes, iyage. vt. Yuwitaya; 

e'zu. 
buncombe, ft. Wayataijkapi. 
bundle, ft. Wopante. vt. Pahta; 

oheyui). 
bung, ft. Iostai). Bung-hole, koka 

obdoka. 
bungle, vt. WayuMn ecoi). ft. Wo- 

yusica. 
bungler, n. Wayusiksica. 
bunk, ft. Owaijka ; ohekdepi. vi. 

Waij'ka; istinma. 
bunt, vt. Pa oi) iboto ; iboto. 
bunting, n. Wi'yokihedai). 
buoy, w. Miniwapetokeca. vt. Oka- 

ponya ; wai)kan yu'za. 
buoyancy, n. Okapota. 
buoyant, a. Kapozedaq ; wi'haka. 
bur, ft. Same as burr. 
burden, w. Wokii) ; woiyokisica ; 

wokakize : ta'ku ka. vt. Tkeya 

kiijkiya; kakisya. 
burdensome, a. Tkedapi; tehike. 
bureau, ft. 1. Heyakeopiye. 2. Wo- 

awaqyake. The Indian Bureau. 
burg, ft. Otoijwe. 
burglar, n. Ti'pi kandog wama- 

noi). 
burial, n. Wicahapi. 
burlap, ft. Psa'oznha. 
burlesque, vt. Un/ca. n. Wowiha; 

uij'capi. 
burly, a. Taxjcantoka. 
burn, burnt, vt. Hunnahya ; guya; 

aceti ; ideya. Burnt his house, 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



burner 26 

huhnahya. — Burnt his finger, 
guya. — Burn brick, aceti. — 
Burn oil, ideya. vi. lluhnaga ; 
gu; ide; iyega; ka'ta. Sun- 
burnt, mastispan. n. Ogu; gu- 
yapi. 

burner, n. Ma'za oideyuza. 

burning, pa. Ide; ka'ta; tehika. 
n. Oide; wokata. 

burnish, vt. Pawiyakpa. 

burnt, pa. -Gu. 

burr, n. Wi'nawizidai) ; ma'zape- 
pe; ma'zayuhomni. 

burrow, n. Wasui) ; wamanica ti. 
vt. Makaohdogya. 

burst, vt. Napomya ; nahdeca. 
Burst an egg, napomya.— Burst 
a blood-vessel, nahdeca. vi. Po'- 
pa ; napopa ; hiyu. Burst open, 
namdaya. — Burst out, hiyu. — 
Burst out laughing, napopa se. 
— Burst to pieces, namdeca. — 
The bud burst, namdaga. — The 
canon burst, namdaza. 

burthen, n. Same as burden. 

bury, vt. fia; hna'ka; akahpa; 
taijinsni iyeya. He buried his 
wife, ha. — Bury one f s talents, 
nahman. — Bury a knife in the 
ox, tanii) sni iyeya* - Bury strife , 
ayustai). 

bus, n. Wicastatoksu. 

bush, n. Otehi ; caijwopamna. 

bushel, w. Kokaowiyute. 

bushy, a. Yuhaha ; otehi. 

busily, adv. Mdihenya. 

business, n. Woecoii ; wowasi ; 
wokuwa. It is none of your 
business, ta'kuna iyoniwaza sni. 
— He means business, awacin 
kuwa. 

bust, n Wicapa' maku ahna. 

bustle, vi. Skin'ciya. n. Ni'na 
skai)'pi ; niteipahii). 

busy, a. Ta'ku ecoi) ; o'hinni ta'- 
ku ecoi). vt. skiij'ciya ; kuwa- 
kiya. 

busy-body, n. Iyowazasni skai). 



byword 

but, conj 1. Tuka : I went, but 
came back, 2. He : there is no 
doubt but lie will come. adv. 
1. Heceedaij; henana ;-na'na. 
But one day, heceedan. — But 
two men, wicasta nom'nana. — 
But now, de'cehnana. 2. E'esni 
fcLnhai), who can do it but 
Adam. 

butcher, n. Wapate. v. Pa'ta; 
wayusin kuwa. 

butt, vt. Pa oi) iboto. n. Hu'te ; 
ma'za yuhomniostaijpi. 

butte, ». Paha okitanii). 

butter, w. Asanpiihdi ; ihdi. 

butterfly, n. Ki'inama; kimima- 
na; T. kimimala. 

butternut, n. Tazuka. 

buttock, n. Oi)ze. 

button, w. Taspu ; Y. & T. cesM- 
kai). vt. Ikoyagya. 

buttonhole, n Taspuohdoka. 

buxom, a. Tanwaste. 

buy, bought, vt. Opetoi). Buy off, 
ayustai) kta kazuzu. — Buy a 
wife, wohpa. vi. Wopeton. 

buyer, n. Wopetoi). 

buzz, vi. flmui). n. fimun. 

buzzard, n. Heca. 

by, prep. 1. Icahda ; ikiyedan ; 
isakim : by the river ; he stood 
by. 2. On ; eciyataijhai) : died 
by poison; walk by faith. 3. 
Ohnayai) : by the dozen; by rule. 
4. Iyehan; eca: by noon; by 
night. 5. Kici : a house ten feet 
by twelve, adv. Icahda; hiyaya; 
icuijom. By all means, to'ketu 
ceyas. — By and by, to'kesta. — 
By the way, cun'hannakes. — 
Come by (obtain), iyokihi. — 
Day by day, aijpetu iyohi.— 
One by one, wanzikzi. — Set store 
by, tehinda. 

bygone, a. He'kta ; henana. 

bylaw, n. Woope ikoyagyapi. 

byway, n. Caijku cis'tinna. 

byword, n. Owestepi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



cab 



27 



cane 



cab, n. fiemani acetipi onazin ; 

canpahmihma. 
cabbage, n. Wahpetanka. vt. Ma- 
nor). 
cabin, n. Ti'pidan ; wa'tapetaho- 

coka. 
cabinet, n. 1. Tunkarjsidarj wi'ki- 

yukcaijpi. 2. Can/opiye wo- 

hnake. 3. Ta'ku wowarjyake 

womnaye. 
cable, n. Wi'casketanka ; mini- 

waijca o'pta ma'zaapapi. 
caboose, n. Wicastaohnayapi. 
cache, n. Woha. vt. fia. 
cackle, vi. Hotoi) ; pan'niya. 
cactus, n. Uijkcekcepepe. 
cadet, w. Akicita waoijspeiciciya. 
cage, n. Wamaniti; ma zatipidai). 

vt. Timahen nataka. 
cajole, vt. Phad kuwa. 
cake, n. Aguyapiskuya ; kacoco- 

kagapi ; obaspe ; on spa. vi. 

Saka. 
calamity, n. Wokakize. 
calamus, n. Siijkpetawote. 
calculate, vt. Yawa ; iyukcan ; 

ecii) ; se'ececa. 
calculation, n. Woyawa ; wowi- 

yukcai). 
caldron, n. Ce'gatanka. 
calendar, n. Wiyawapi. 
calf, n. 1. Ptezicadai) ; T. ptehe- 

cala. 2. Sicogan. : calf of the leg. 
calfskin, n. Ptezicanaha. 
caliber, n. Oiyute. 
calico, n. Minihuha owapi. Calico 

pony, sunkdeska. 
calk, caulk, vt. Opuhdi. 
calker, n. Wa'taopuhdi. 
call, vt. 1. Kipan ; kico : call 

John. 2. Cazeyata : he called his 

son John. vi. 1. Pai) ; pan. ni- 

yai) : call for hcljt . 2. Inahni 

wanyag i. n. Pan 'pi : wicaho ; 

kicopi ; inahni titokan i'pi. 



Call for, da. — Call over, caze- 

yan a'ya. — Call to order, owan- 

zi yankewicasi. — Call to mind, 

tawacii) kiksuyeya. 
calling, n. Pan 'pi; kicopi; ta'ku 

oi) kicopi ; wowasi. 
callous, a. No'ge ; iyanoge ; so'ka. 
calm, a. Amdakedan. jwa'hbadan. 

n. Amdakedan ; skaijskaijsni. 

vt. Yuasni ; yuamdakedan. 
calmly, adv. Wah'bayedan. 
calmness, n. Wowahbadai). 
calumet, n. Wi'yakatacannoijpa. 
calumniate, vt. Aia. 
calumny, n. Woaie. 
calve, vt. Cincatoi). 
cambric, n. Minihuhaska. 
came, imp. of come. 
camel, n. Cankahupazo. 
camera, n. Iteowapi opiye. 
camp, n. Owanka ; wicoti ; ozuye. 

vi. Wan/ka; e'ti. A deserted 

camp, otiwota. 
campaign, n. Okicize ; ozuye ; wo- 

kuwa. 
camphor, n. Wi'pakiijteska. 
campus, n. Wayawatipi tioksai). 
can, n. Ma'zakokadai). vt. Ma'- 

zakoka ohnaka. 
can, could, v. aux. Okihi. Can but, 

ecena okihi. — Cannot but, oki- 

hisni sni. 
canal, n. Wakpakagapi. 
canard, n. Iapi wicake sni. 
canary, n. Zitkazi. 
cancel, vt. Kazuzu. 
cancer, n. Po pi ohinni icaga. 
candid, a. Wicake ; hna'ye sni. 
candidate, n. Oitancai) akita. 
candidly, adv. Anahbe sni. 
candle, n. Wasnapetizanzai). 
candor, n. Iewicaka. 
candy, n. Caijhanpisasa. 
cane, n. Caqsagye ; cedihu ; can- 

haijpihu. vt. Cansagye oi) apa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



canine 

canine, a. Sun/ka. 
canister, n. Wanpekokamaza. 
canker, vt. fidi ; kuka. 
cannibal, n. Wica&tacehpi yuta. 
cannon, n. Ma'zakaqtaqka. 
cannonade, vt. Ma'zakantanka 

ecoi). 
cannot, v. Oklhi sni. 
canoe, n. Canwanzi w'ata. Birch 

bark canoe, taijpawata. 
canon, n. Woope ; yusutapi. 
canyon, n. Imnizaisdeca. 
canonize, vt. Cazeyawakai). 
canopy, n. Awakeyapi. 
cant, vt. Nake ehde : cant the tub. 

n. Nake ; ho'sinya eyapi. 
can't, contr. for cannot. 
canted, pa. Nake ; naptaqyai). 
canteen, n. Akicitaminiyaya. 
canter, vi. Nawanka. 
canton, n. Makobaspe. 
canvas, n. Mininuhaska; wa- 

keya. 
canvass, v. Wamnayarj; wicacaze 

mnayai) j yawa. 
cap, n. Wapaha; Y. Wapostai). 

Gun-cap, wanMSa. 
capable, a. WaoMhi. Capable of, 

okihi. 
capacious, a. Okipika. 
capacity, n. Wookihi; wokipi; 

wicohai). 
cape, n. 1. Ipa; makoce ipa. 2. 

Hiyete akanpa. 
caper, vi. Psi'psin ska'ta. 
capital, n. 1. Otonweitaqcai). 2. 

Oowatanka. 3. Woyuha; ma'- 

zaska. 4. Canwakaqpa. a. 1. 

Itancan ; tokahai). 2. On. tewi- 

cayapi. 3. Iyotai) ; ni'nawaste. 
capitalist, n. Tu'we watonka. 
capitally, adv. Ni'na tanyan. 
capitol, n. Otonwe itancai). 
capitulate, vi. Wokicize enakiye. 
caprice, n. Tawacii) ske'he. 
capricious, a. Ske'he. 
capsize, vt. Naptanyaq. 
capsule, n. Su'ozuha. 



28 carpet 

captain, n. AJricitatancai) ; opa- 
wiijge i tar) car). 

caption, n. Iwankam owapi. 

captious, a. Waienhiyeyesa. 

captivate, vt. Cante hmun/ka. 

captive, n. Wayaka. a. Kaska 
yuhapi. 

captivity, n. Wokaske. 

captor, n. Wayaka icu. 

capture, vt. Icu; ohiya. n. Wa- 
icupi ; # woohiye. 

car, n. Hemani canpahmihma. 

caravan, n. Ounhdake j wicota 
e'yaya. 

carbuncle, n. Siyakao hdi. 

carcass, n. Tancan. 

card, n. Kansu; ipakca. Play 
cards, kaijsukutepi. 

cardinal, n. Sinasapa o'kihe itai)- 
cai). a. Itancai) : sa. 

care, vi. 1. En e'wacin ; awacirj : 
I do not care to go. 2. Canta- 
hde : do you care if I take thix. 
vt. 1. Ihakta : she don't care for 
you. 2. Awanyaka: care prop- 
erly for the cow. n. 1. Wacaij- 
tahdepi ; woawacin ; waawa- 
ciijpi : care wearies him. 2. 
Woawaijyake : he has the care 
of the cattle. Take care, itoi)- 
pa. — Take care of, awanyaka. 
— With care, itoijpeya. 

career, n. Oni ; woecoi). 

careful, a. Itoqpe Skai) ; waawa- 
cii) ; taijyan. kuwawacii). 

careless, a. Itoijpesni; awaciijsni. 

caress, vt. Kastosto ; kihna. 

careworn, a. Watuka. 

cargo, n. Watohnaka. 

caricature, n. Wowina owapi. 

carmine, n. Wi'saye. 

carnage, n. Wokte. 

carnal, a. Wicacenpi. 

carnival, ft. Skan'omniciye tan/ka. 

carol, n. Wowiyuskii) odowai). 

carouse, vi. Witkoskaij. 

carpenter, n. Cankazipa. 

carpet, n. Owanka akanpa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



carpetbag 29 

carpetbag, n. Wapapsuijka. 

carriage, n. 1. Caijpahmihmasapa. 
2. Toksupi. 3. Oihduhe. 

carried, imp. of carry. 

carrier, n. Watoksu. 

carrion, n. Tado sicamna. 

carry, vt. A'ya; yuhaya; yuha; 
ohiya; yustai). Carry away, 
akiyahda. — Carry on, kuwa- 
skai). — Carry a bill, yustai). — 
Carry a fortress, ohiya ; icu. 

cart, n. Caupahmihma hu noijpa. 
vt. toksu : a'ya. 

cartoon, n. Iteowapi ohanko ka'- 
gapi. 

cartridge, n. Iozu apahtapi. 

carve, vt. 1. Baspa&pa : carve the 
turkey. 2. Bago : a carved head. 

cascade, n. Miniihaha. 

case, n. 1. Opiye : a case of books. 
2. Oecoi) ; oui) ; woakipe : a 
sad case. 3. Tuwe kir) : a ftard 
case. vt. Ozuhakaga. 

case-knife, n. Isaijmdaska ; mipi- 



cavity 



cash, n. Ma'zaska. 

cashier, n. Ma'zaskatipiawai)- 

yaka. 
casing, n. Ozuha. 
cask, n. Kokapahmihma. 
casket, n. Wopiyena ; wica^a 

opiye. 
cast, vt. 1. Kahoiyeya ; ehpeya ; 

hiyuya ; yuwitaya : cast a stone. 

2. Sdoya : cast a statue, vi. Wa- 

ciijyeya : he cast about to know 

what to do. 
cast, n. Kahoiyeyapi; sdoyapi; 

okage; obe. 
castaway, n. Ehpeyapi. 
caste, n. Obe. 
castigate, vt. Kasaksaka. 
casting, n. Ma'zasdoyapi. 
castle, n. Coij'kaaketipi. 
castor oil, n. Wi'hdi on iheyapi. 
castrate, vt. Susu ehpeyapi. 
casual, a. Eoaken ; inahni. 
casnaUty, n. Woakipa teMka. 



cat, n. Inmu&uuka. Y. Ikmui)- 
surjka. T. Igmuu&uqka. 

catalogue, n. Caze owapi. 

catamount, n. Inmu. T. Igmui). 

cataract, n. fiaha ; istaaogi. 

catastrophe, n. Woyutakunisni. 

catch, caught, vi. Yu'za ; oyuspa ; 
icu; kihdega. Catch at, yus- 
wacii). — Catch up, kihdega. — 
Catch a train, iyohi. vi. 1. Iko- 
yaka : caught in a tree. 2. Ide : 
the wood caught, n. Oicu ; 
oyuze. 

catching, a. I'ciyahpaya : a catch- 
ing disease. 

catechism, n. Wi'wicawangapi. 

catechist, n. Waonspekiya. 

cater, vi. Ki'cicuwa. 

caterpillar, n. Wi'ihdutena. 

catfish, n. Howasapa. 

cathartic, n. Iyoptaiyeyapi. 

cathedral, n. Bishop ti'piwakan. 

catholic, a. Siqtomni. The Cath- 
olic church, okodakiciye siij- 
tomni. — Roman Catholic churchy 
Sinasapa okodakiciye. 

cattle, n. Ptewanuyaijpi ; Y. pte- 
waniyanpi ; T. ptegleska. 

Caucasian, n. Ska'wicasa. 

caucus, n. Wi'yukcai) omniciye. 

caught, imp. of catch. 

cause, vt. Ka'ga ; -ya. Cause to 
smile, ihaya. 

cause, n. 1. Ka'ga ; hutkai) : the 
cause of his death. 2. Woecon : 
the temperance cause. 

causeless, a. Oi) ecoijkta wanica. 

caustic, a. Wi'guye ; pe'sto. 

caution, n. Wawitoijpapi ; woi- 
toijpe. vt. Iwaktaya. 

cautious, a. Wawitonpe. 

cautiously, adv. Itoijpeya. 

cavalry, n. &ui)gakan akicita. 

cave, n. Pahaohdogeca. vi. Kao- 
ksa : the bank caved. 

cavern, n. Makohdoka. 

cavil, vi. Cetuijhdaia ; ienhde. 

cavity, n. Ohdoka. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



caw 

caw, vi. Uncisicahoton. 

cease, vl. & vi. Ayustan ; iyasni. 

ceaseless, adv. Ayustai) wanin. 

cedar, ft. ftantesa. 

cede, vt. Jvu ; makawiyopeya. 

ceil, vt. Mahen okatai). 

celebrate, vt. Yuonihai). 

celebrated, a. Okitanii). 

celebration, w. Woyuonihan. 

celerity, w. Woonanko. 

celestial, a. Manpiya. 

celibacy, n. Tawicutonpisni. 

cell, n. Ti'pidai). 

cellar, n. Makatipi ; wona. 

cement, n. Makasan wi'puspe. vt. 
Puspa. 

cemetery, n. Wicahnakapi. 

censer, ft. Owizinye. 

censor, n. Wa'mdeza. 

censurable, a. Bapica. 

censure, vt. Iyopeya ; ba. w. Wo- 
ba ; woiyopeye. 

census, w. Owicawapi. 

cent, n. Ma'zasa. Five cents, ka- 
SpapioMse ; so'kela.— Ten cents, 
kaspapi. — Twenty-five cents, ka- 
spapi nom sam okise. 

centenary, n. Waniyetu opawinge. 

center, n. Cokaya ; caijte. 

central, a. Cokaya; itancan. 

centralize, vt. Yuwitaya 

centrally, adv. Ocokaya. 

century, n. Waniyetu opawinge. 

cereal, n. Wahuwapa. 

ceremony, n. To'ken piiciyapi. 

certain, a. 1. He'cetu j wicaka : 
he is certain to come. 2. Tukte 
kapi : on a certain day. 3. Wi- 
cakei^ida : he is certain of it. 

certainly, adv. A'wicakehan; a'wi- 
cakeya. 

certainty, n. Wowicake. 

certificate, h. Wayaotanin wowapi. 

certify, vt. Wicakaoyaka; yuwi- 
caka. 

cessation, n. Ayustanpi. 

cession, n. Ku'pi. 

chafe, vt. Ha kasdoka ; nagiyeya. 



30 charge 

chaff, n. Ha ; suozuha. 

chagrin, n. Wosihda. 

chain, n. Ma'zaicicahina ; wi'ca- 
ake ; i'ciyaza yeye. vt. Kaska ; 
ma'zaikoyagya. 

chair, n. Can'akanyankapi. 

chairman, n. Omniciyeitancaq. 

chaise, n. Caijpahmihma. 

chaik, n. Makasaij. 

challenge, vt. Kicieconape. 

chamber, n. Wankantipi; oistinma. 

champ, vt. Khjskinsyata. 

champion, n. A'tayawakapa. 

chance, n. 1. To'ketutaijiijsni : 
games of chance. 2. Wanu : he 
was killed by chance. 3. Ihnu- 
hai) okihipi : tJiere is some 
chance, vt. Iyuta. vi. Ihnu- 
hai) akipa. 

chandelier, n. Petizanzai) yuhaha. 

change, vt. 1. Yutokeca : change 
the time. 2. Yuspuspu : change 
a dollar. 3. Ki'ci^u; tokiyo- 
peya: change places, n. Yu- 
spuspupi; yutokecapi ; to'keca. 

changeable, a. To'kecasa. 

changeless, a. To'kecasni. 

channel, n. Minitacaijku ; caijku. 

chant, vt. Ahiyaya ; iahandowan. 
n. Woahiyaye. 

chaos, w. Ta'kutaninsni ; wo- 
skiske. 

chap, vi. Nasdesdeca ; hdindi. 

chap, ft. Cehupa ; tu'we. 

chapel, ft. Owacekiyetipi. 

chaplain, n. Wicastawakan. 

chapter, n. Wicowoyake. 

char, vt # Guguya ; samya. 

character, ft. Ohaij; waoazeyatapi; 
ta'kuipiyapi ; oowa. 

characteristic, a. Ohan ta'wa. 

characterize, vt. Cazeyata. 

charcoal, ft. Petacandi. 

charge, vt. 1. Eciya; wahokon- 
kiya : charge him to go. 2. Ka- 
zuzusi ; isikicaton : he charged 
me a dollar. 3. Iyaonpa : he 
was charged with theft. 4, Ica- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



chargeable 31 

zoowa : he charged it twice. 5. 

Ozuya : charge the gun. 6. Ki- 

ksuyeya : charge your mind. 7. 

Anatai) : cliarge tlie fort. vi. 

Wakazuzusi; natai]. n. Iozu; 

woawanyake ; wokazuzu ; wo- 

wahokonkiye ; woiyaoqpa ; wo- 

natai). 
chargeable, a. Enayepica. 
charger, n. Waanatai). 
chariot, n. Zuyacaqpahmihma. 
charity, n. Wacantkiyapi ; wowa- 

onsida. 
charm, vt. Iyokipiya ; yuhnaskii)- 

yai) ; hmui)ga. 
charming, a. Oiyokipi. 
.chart, n. Makoceowapi. 
charter, n. Wayuhekiyapiwowapi ; 

vt. Odota; opetoi). 
chase, vt. Kuwa; pasi. Chase 

aicay, namya. n. Wakuwapi; 

kuwapi. 
chaser, n. Wakuwa. 
chasm, n. Makoskokpa ; oko. 
chaste, a. Zaui ; gape snl. 
chasten, vt. Iyopeya; yuska. 
chastize, vt. Kasaksaka. 
chastisement, n. Iyopeyapi. 
chastity, n. Wozani. 
chat, vi. Iayaijka. n. Wohdahda- 

kapi. 
chattel, n. Woyuha yuha omani- 

pica. 
chatter, vi. Hi'hdakaka ; iaa. 
chatty, a. Wohdakesa. 
chaw, vt. Yata. 
cheap, a. Wasakedai). 
cheapen, vt. Yuwasakedaij. 
cheat, vt. Hna'yaij ; ki. n. Wo- 

hnaye. 
cheater, n. Wicahnayesa. 
check, n. 1. Woanapte ; wokagi. 

2. Wowapi oi) ma'zaska icupi. 

3. Kaijsu; wowapetokeca. 4. 
Ta'ku hdeze. vt. Kagiya ; ana- 
pta; wa'petogtoi). 

checkered, a. Hdehdeze. 
checkmate, vt. Kagiya. 



chimney 

cheek, n. Tapoi) ; iyoha. 

cheeky, a. Istecesni. 

cheer, vt. I'yas'a ; carjtewasteya. 

n. Wocaijtewaste ; i'yasapi. 
cheerful, a. Caijtewaste ; wowiyu- 

skii) ; wi'haha. 
cheerily, adv. Wi'yuskinyan. 
cheerless, a. Wowiyuskiijcodaij. 
cheery, a. Wi'yuSkin. 
cheese, n. Asanpipasutapi. T. 

Asaijpi samna. 
chemistry, n. Wokpaijnawooijspe. 
cherish, vt. Tehinda ; cantohnaka; 

taijyaij kuwa. 
cherry, n. Canpa; canpakakan. 
cherub, n. Mahpiyaohnihde ka'- 

gapi. 
chest, n. 1. Caij'koka ; caij'ohna- 

ka; opiye. 2. Cuwi. 
chestnut, n. Yanugapi hazizipena. 

a. *Gri; sa'peca. 
chew, vt. Yata ; yu'ta ; yakpai) : 

chew tobacco, n. Oyata. 
Cheyenne, n. Sahiyena. 
Cheyenne River, n. Wakpawaste. 
chick, n. Zitkacirjca. 
chicken, n. Anpaohotonna ; Y. ko- 

koyahaijna; T.ko'kena. Prairie- 

chicken, siyo. 
chide, vt. Iyopeya. 
chief, n. Itancai) ; wicastayatapi. 

a. Tokapa; iyotai). 
child, children, n. 1. Hoksiyopa: 

a little child. 2. Ciijca : the 

ch ildren of Israel. Child's play, 

woecon sni. — With child , ihdu- 

sake. 
childhood, n. Hoksiyopaoui). 
childish, a. Hokfciyopa iyececa. 
childless, a. Cinca ni'ca. 
children, pi. of child. 
chill, n. Cancaijpi ; cuwitapi. vt. 

Yusni; cuwita. 
chilly, a. Osni; cusni. To feel 

chilly, cuwitahda. 
chime, n. fida hdadowankiyapi. 

vt. Dowaneya; okiciwaste. 
chimney, n. 1. Oceti : a brick 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



chin 

chimney. 2. Diupa : a lamp 

chimney. 
chin, ft. Bra ; eehupa. 
china, w. Kampeska. 
Chinaman, n. Pecokahanska. 
Chinese, n. Pecokahanska. 
chink, vt. Oko kaotinza. 
chinking, n. Kaotinzapi. 
chip, n. Canokahpa. vt. Kaspa. 
chipmunk, n. Tasnaheca. 
chipper, a. Mdiheca. 
chirp, vi. 2,0 ; kins'hoton. 
chisel, n. Canicahdoke. 
chitchat, n. Takusnisniiapi. 
chivalrous, a. Wawaditake. 
chivalry, n. Wowaditake. 
chloroform, n. Kiksuyeyapisni pe- 

znta. 
chocolate, ». Pezutasapazi. a. # Gi; 

gitka. 
choice, n. Kahni&api j wokahnige. 

a. Kahnihyuhapi ; waste. 
choir, ft. Wocekiye en dowarjpi 

obe ; dowanpi oyanke. 
choke, vt. Yuniyasni. vi. Katka; 

yahotesni. 
cholera, ». Makosica naksecapi. 
choose, chose, vt. Kahniga; cii). 
chop, vt. Eaksa; katkuga; ka- 

spaspa. Chop down, kawarjka. 

Chop up, kaksaksa. ft. Okaspe; 

eehupa. 
chord, n. Hoiciyokipi. 
chore, w. Takusnisni oecoi). 
chorister, ft. Dowanitancai). 
chorus, ft. Wicota dowanpi. 
chose, imp. of choose. 
chosen, ^a.Kahnigapi. 
christen, vt. Baptisma ku ; caze 

Ipi. 
Christendom, n. Christ taoyate; 

Christ tawocekiye. 
Christian, n. Jesuswacinyan ; Je- 

sustawa. 
Christianity, w. Jesus tawowacin- 

ye. 
Christianize, vt Jesus awacinwi- 

eaya. 



32 civil 



Christmas, n. Jesus ton 'pi arjpetu; 

Napekiciyuzapi. 
chronic, a. Eoahececa. 
chronicle, vt CJyaka. 
chrysalis, n. WamniomnL 
chuck, vt. En'iyeya. 
chuck-full, n. Ozudanhca. 
chuck-hole, n. Cankuohdoka. 
chuckle, vi. Iohmunsihaha. 
chum, ». Kicuwa. 
chunk, n. Canksa. 
chunky, a. Hu'na ; pte'eena. 
church, n. Okodakieiyewakai); ti'- 

piwakai). 
churlish, a. Ohansica. 
churn, n. Asanpiiboco. trt.Bococo. 
chute, n. Ohnaiyeyapi. . 
dder, ft. Taspanhanpi. 
cigar, ft. Candiyukmunpi. 
cigarette, ft. Miniftuhacanonpapi. 
cinder, n. Ca'ta ; eaijgugu. 
cinnamon, n. Canha'sa. 
cipher, ft. Itkonsa; ta / kusui. vi. 

Yawa. 
circle, w. Canhdeskakagapi ; ta'- 

kumibe ; okodakiciye. vi. Ao- 

homniya. 
circuit, ft. Ohomni yapi. 
circuitous, a. Aohomni. 
circuitously, adv. Iohdamnayan ; 

aohomniyan. 
circular, a. Mibe ; ohomniya. 
circulate, vi. Iyazaya. vt. Iya- 

yeya: oyaka. 
circumcise, vt. Bakihdaya. 
circumference, n. Aohomni. 
circumspect, a. Wakta un. 
circumstance, w. To'ketu; ta'ku; 

to'ken un. 
circus, ft. Ho'cokaoskate. 
cistern, w. Miniwoha. 
citadel, ft. Con'kaske. 
cite, ft. Cazeyate. 
citizen, n. Ihduha ; oyate o'pa. 
citron, ft. Sa'kayutapiseca. 
city, ft. Otonwetanka. 
civil, a. 1. Wa'hbadai) ; ohan- 

waste : a civil boy. 2. Ikoeka : 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



civilian 



33 



cloak 



in civil life. 3. Oyate iye en'na : 
the civil war. 
civilian, n. Wicastaikceui). 
civilization, «. Wasicuijiciyapi. 
civilize, vt Wasicunya. 
civilized, a. Wasicun ; waoqspeka. 
civilly, adv. Taqyai). 
clabber, w. Asaqpi nini. T. Asai)- 

pi gbugbu. 
clad, imp. of cloths. 
claim, vt. Ta'wa keya ; kica ; keya. 

n. Ta'wapi keyapi; makoce 

icupi ; keye oil). 
clam, n. Tuki ; tukihasai). 
clamber, vi. Adi ; nape kicurj adi. 
clamor, n. Owodutatoi). t?i. Wo- 

hitiya eyapi. 
clamp, ft. Maswiynzipe. 
clan, ft. Tiospaye. 
clandestine, a. Nanmai). 
clang, vi, Ka'ka. 
clannish, a. Isnaicidapi. 
clap, vt. Apa ; kaskapa. n. Bu so 

iyapa; kaskapapi. 
clapper, n. fida'nda icakoka. 
clarify, vt. Yumdeza. 
clash, vt. I'ciyapa ; ka&ikiciya. 
clasp, vt. Yu'za. Y. Oyuspa. «. 

Ma'zawiyuzedai) . 
class, ti. Obe. T. Owe. The Bible 

class. 
classify, vt. Obe ecekcen e'hnaka. 
classmate, ft. Kici obe waijzidai). 
clatter, vi. Kokoka; okoya. 
clause, ft. Iapi o'kihe. 
claw, ft. Sake ; nape, vt Nanda- 

ta; nakega. 
clay, ft. Makagi; makacoijpeska. 
clean, a. Ska ; sapesni. vt. Yuska; 

paidnta. 
cleanly, a. Ska ; ska ihduha. 
cleanse, trt. Yuzaza; yuska. 
cleansing, ft. Yuzazapi. 
clear, a. Mde'za : dear- water. 2. 

Easota : a dear sky. 3. Kohdi : 

a clear stone. 4. Adetka wani- 

ca : clear lumber. 5. Iyowa- 

iasni : clear of ffuUt 6. Wo- 



wanica : a clear track. 
vt. 1. Ta'ku owasii) yutokan : 
clear the table. 2. Mdesya : clear 
the water. 3. Kiyuska : clear the 
prisoner. 4. Kamna; yusota 
iwankam kamna : / cleared a 
dollar. 5 Icantake sni iyaya : 
he cleared the fence, vi. Tokai) 
iyaya; kasota : the clouds cleared 
off. Clear off the ground, maka 
kakmii). — Clear out, tokan iya- 
ya. n. Ta'ku to'keca wanica : 
ten feet in the clear, adv. A'ta- 
ya; taninyan. 

clearly, adv. Taijinyan ; za'zaya. 

clearness, «. Tanii) ; taninyan ui). 
With clearness, tai)ii)yai). 

cleave, cleft, vt. Kaptuza ; kaspa. 
vi. A'skapa; ikoyaka. 

cleft, ft. Oko jonasdeca. 

clemency, n. Wowanba. 

clement, a. Wa'hbaka. 

clench, vt. Sutaya yu'za. 

clergy, ft. Wicastawakan. 

clerical, a. Wowapikaga. 

clerk, ft. Wowapikaga ; mazopiye 
awaqyaka. 

clever, a. Waynpika ; waste. 

clevis, ft. Maziyutitai) sko'pa. 

clew, ft. Oi) sdonyapi. 

click, vi. & n. Ko'ka ; kakoka. 

client, ft. O'kiya ; nakicizir). 

cliff, ft. Iijyanmaya. 

climate, n. Tate ; tatetokeca. 

climax, ft. Iapi sam was'aka ; pes- 
dete. 

climb, vt. Adi ; waqkan ya. 

clime, ft. Makoce. 

clinch, vt. Yus'hiyanka ; hj'kpa, 
ynksai) ; suta ikoyake. 

cling, vi. Ni'na ikoyaka. 

clink, vi. Sna. vt. Kasna. 

clip, vt. Baksa ; yuksa ; yuSda. 

clipper, ft. Wi'baksa; wi'tawata 
du'zahan. 

clique, ft. Kodakiciyapi. 

cloak, ft. Hiyeteakahpe. vt. A- 
kahpa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



clock 

clock, w. Wi'hiyayedan. Y. & T. 
Ma' zaskan skai) . 

ciod, n. Makatasaka. vt. Maka- 
tasaka on kii)ii). 

clog, trt. Kagiya. n. Wokagi ; 
hanpa cai)sicu. 

close, a. 1. Ikiyedan. : cfose to Me 
fire. 2. Okaduze sni: a close 
room. 3. Watehinda : a close 
trader. 4. Ohnayanh ; ecetuya : 
a close copy. 5. Otinza ; tehike : 
money is close, vt. 1. Ecen 
iyeya ; nataka : close the door. 
2. Aohdute : the opening is 
closed. 3. Ihunikiya; ayustan : 
closed tlie speech, n. Owihanke; 
ihanke. 

closely, adv. Ikiyedai); aoth)- 
sya. 

closet, ft. Tiokahmin ; ohnoga. 
T. Unhnaga. 

closeted, pa. Kicisnana un. 

clot, vi. Tasaksaka. 

cloth, n. Minihuha so'ka; haya- 



34 coffeeout 



clothe, clad, vt. Koyagya ; heyake- 

kioatoi) ; o'gekitoi). 
clothes, ft. Heyake. Y. Hayake. 

Wokoyake. 
clothes-pin, w. Heyake wiyuze. 
clothier, ft. Heyake wopetoi). 
clothing, ft. Heyake. 
cloud, ft. 1. Mahpiya ; mahpiya- 

sapa. 2. Mahpiyase : clouds of 

dust. vt. Mahpiya ; aohanziya. 

vi. Amahpiya. 
cloudless, a. Amahpiyasni. 
cloudy, a. Amahpiya. 
clove, ft. Pezutayuhaha. T. Hi'- 

iyatiijze. 
cloven, pa. 2a'ta; sdesdeca. 
clover, w. Pezicanhdohu. 
clown, ft. Waoncakoqza. 
clownish, a. Waoijcase. 
club, w. 1. Canksa; cai)naksa; 

caqwibopa. War club, can/hpi. 

2. Ikce omniciye. vt. 1. Caqksa 

oi) apa. 2. Kuwa : club together. 



cluck, ft. I'hdaskapapi. vi. Fhda- 

skapa ; cinca kicoco. 
clue, ». On/odepi. 
clump, ft. Wopamna ; canwita. 
clumsy, a. Waoijspekesni. 
clung, imp. of cling. 
cluster, w. Iyage ; wopamna. vi. 

Yuwitaya ; wi'tayahi. 
clutch, vt. Sutayayuza. 
cor t pref. Kicica; kici. 
coach, ft. Canpahmihma waste; 

wowapitoksu. vt. Onspekiya. 
coal, ft. Makacahdi ; cahdiikce. 

A coal of fire, petaga. vi. Ma- 

kacahdiicu. 
coal-pit, ft. Makacahdioke. 
coalesce, vi. Yuwitaya. 
coarse, a. Tan'ka; so'ka; ikceka. 
coast, ft. Huta ; o'huta. vi. Huta 

kahdaya; osdohankicun. 
coat, ft. 1. Oij'hohda. Y. O'kde. 

T. O'gle. 2. Iunpi : a coat of 

paint, vt. Iun ; akahpa. 
coating, w. Oakahpe. 
coax, vt. Da ; cinkiya ; kihna. 
cob, n. Huwapahu. 
cobble, vt. Can/hanpapiya. 
cobblestone, ft. In'yankmikmanna. 
cobbler, n. Can'hanpapiya. 
cobweb, ft. Unktomitahokata ; wa- 

hiijpeya. 
cock, ft. An/paohoton mdoka ; ma- 

zakan noge. vi. No'geehde. 
cockade, ft. Wa'cinhe. 
cocktail, ft. Miniwakaijpa. 
cocoanut, ft. Yahugapitanka. 
cocoon, ft. Wamniomni. 
coddle, vt. Kihna. 
code, ft. Woope ; woope opahi. 
codfish, ft. Hogancosyapisa. 
codger, n. Wicasa ohan to'keca. 
coequal, a. Kiciakidececa. 
coerce, vt. Pyopastaka. 
coeval, a. Iyehan ni. 
coexist, vi. Kici ni. 
coffee, ft. Pezutasapa; wakadyapi. 
coffeemill, n. Pezutasapaiyrikpan. 
coffeeout, n. Wahnahna. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



coffeepot 

coffeepot, n. Pezutasapawiyokas- 

tai). 
coffer, n. Opiyesuta. 
coffin, n. Can/ohnahnakapi. 
cog, n - Ma'zayuhomnipi hi. 
cogent, a. Was'aka. 
cogitate, vt. Awacii). 
cognizant, a. A'taya sdonya. 
cohabit, vi. Kiciyus uij. 
cohere, vi. Kiciiciyaskapa. 
coil, vt. Kaksa. n. Okaksa. 
coin, n. Ma'zaska. vt. Ma'zaska 

sdoya; ka'ga. 
coincide, vi. A'kidececa. 
cold, a. Sni ; osni ; cuwita. Cold 

iron, ma'za sni. — A cold day, 

anpetu osni. — I am cold, ma- 

cuwita. 
cold-blooded, a. We sni; caijte- 

wanica. 
colic, n. Teziyazaijpi. 
collapse, vi. Napopa ; hiijhpaya. 
collar, n. Wanapin ; tahuska ; ta- 

huakahpe. vt. Wanapinkica- 

ton. 
collar-bone, n. Ceskicate ; T. ce- 

blohu. 
collate, vt. Mnayai). 
colleague, n. Kicica. 
collect, vt. Pahi; mnayai). vi. 

Wi'taya. 
collect, n. WoceMye ptecena. 
collection, n. Womnaye. 
coilective, a. Yuwitaya. 
collector, n. Wamnaye. 
college, n. Woonspewankantu. 
collide, vi. I'ciyapa. 
collision, n. I'ciyapapi. 
colloquial, a. Wi'kcekceiapi. 
colonel, n. Kektopawingeitancai). 
colonize, vt. Ospayeton i'yotanka. 
colony, n. Ospaye ahitipi. 
color, n. 1. Owapi ; sayapi ; hin/- 

tokeca. 2. pi. Oyate tawowa- 

pi; wi'yokihedan. 
colored, pa. Owapi. 
colorless, a. Owapiwanica. 
colossal, a. Ni'natanka. 



35 command 



colporteur, n. Wowapiwiyopeyao- 
mani. 

colt, n. &unkcincana. 

column, n. 1. Wowapi cankuye 
obosdata. 2. Caijipa'tai). 

Comanches, n. Siijtehdawicasa. 

comb, n. 1. Ipakca. A fine comb, 
ipakca sbuna. 2. Tuhmaga 
ihdi ozuha, honey comb. 3. An- 
paohotonna pesa, chicken's 
comb. vt. Eakca. Comb one's 
men, hda'ka. 

combat, vt. Ki'za ; kiciza. n. Wo- 
kicize. 

combatant, n. Wakiza. 

combative, a. Wakizesa. 

combine, vt. Yuokonwanzina. 

combustible, a. Ideyepica. 

come, came, vi. 1. (in progress) U. 
2. (completed) Hi. — J come, 
wau. — J came, wahi. — J will 
come, wan kta, or, wahi kta. — 
Come after (later), ihakam u, 
(come for) huwe hi ; hiyohi. — 
Como off (as a shoe) sdokahai). 
—Come to, iyohi. — Come up 
with, kihdega. 

comedy, n. Woskate. 

comely, adv. Owaijyagwaste. 

comet, n. Wicaijhpisinteton. 

comfort, vt. Kicarjpta ; o'kiya. n. 
1. Wokicanpte ; woozikiye ; 
talra oi) tanyan un'pi : live in 
comfort. 

comfortable, a. Tanyan ; waste. 

comforter, n. Wakicaijpte; owiqza 
so'ka. 

comfortless, a. Oozi wanica. 

comic, comical, a. Wawihaye. 

comity, n. O'kiciyapi. 

comma, n. Oehnakedan. 

command, vt. 1. Wowas'ake oi) 
eya; — si. He commanded him 
to go, yesi. 2. Itancaijui) ; wae- 
coi) si: the captain commands 
the company. 3. Iyokihi, wheat 
commands a high price, n. Wo- 
eye ; woawaijyake ; wookihi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



commandant 

commandant, commander, n. Itaij- 

cai). 
commandment, n. Woahope. 
commemorate, v£. Kiksuya. 
commemoration, n. Wokiksuye. 
commence, vt. Tokaheya ecoi) ; 

wanna ecoi). 
commencement, w. Otokahe. 
commend, vt. Yawadte ; cazeyata. 
commendable, a. Yawastepica. 
commensurate, a. Iyehantu. 
comment, vi. la ; to'ketu oyaka. 
commentary, n. To'ken ka'pi oya- 

kapi. 
commerce, n, Oyate wopekica- 

tonpi. 
commercial, a. Wopetoi). 
commiserate, vt. On'sida. 
commissary, n. Woyute awanyake. 
commission, vt. Woecon ku. n. 1. 

Waeconkiyapi : a commission 

to try him. 2. Ecoijpi : the 

commission of crime. 3. Ta'ku 

ecoijaipi ; wowasi. 4. Waecoij- 

aipi wowapi. 
commissioner, n. Awanyake itan- 

cai). 
commit, vt. 1. Ecoi) : commit sin. 

2. E'hnaka : commit to jail. 3. 

En iyayeiciya : he committed 

himself to the work. 
committee, n. Waecoijsipi. 
commodious, a. Okipika. 
commodity, n. Woyuha. 
commodore, n. Ozuyewataitarcai). 
common, a. 1. He'cecasa ; yuke- 

sa : a common event. 2. Ikceka; 

ikceui) : the common people. 3. 

I'akidecen ta'wapi : common 

property; common schools, n. 

Makobaspe oyate ta'wapi. 
commonly, adv. Ece ; sa. 
commonplace, a. He'cetuka. 
commonwealth, n. Oyate a'taya. 
commotion, n. Woskanakai). 
commune, vi. Wohdaka ; wohduze 

icu. 
communicant, n. Wohduze o'pa. 



36 complexion 

communicate, vt. Ku ; hiyukiya ; 

oyaka. vi. Woyake ; i'ciyahde 

wanka. 
communication, n. WoMciyakapi ; 

wowapi. 
communfcatiye, a. Woyakesa. 
communion, n. 1. Wohduze ; hta- 

yetuwotapi. 2. Odakonkiciyapi; 

o'kiciyapi; wokiciyakapi. 
community, n. Oyate ; wicospaye ; 

ta'ku wi'taya ta'wayapi. 
commute, vt. Yuaokpani. 
compact, a. Otinza ; suta. n. Wo- 

konze; woecon. 
companion, n. Kicica ; kicuwa. 
company, n. 1. Opt aye ; wicawi- 

taya : a company of believers. 

2. Tuwe Mci unpi : she loves 

company. 3. OkodaMciye : a 

dry goods company. 
comparative, a. Tciwanyakapi. 
compare, vt. Fciwanyaka. vi. Iye- 

haijyan un. 
comparison, n. I'ciwanyakapi 
compass, n. Maziwanyake ; maki- 

wanyake; woiyohiya; aohom- 

niya. vt. Iyohiya. 
compasses, n. Canhdedkawicazo. 
compassion, n. Wowaonsida. 
compassionate, a. Waoijsida. 
compatible, a. Kicicayepica. 
compel, vt. I'yopastagya ; -ya ; 

-M'ya. 
compensate, vt. Kazuzu. 
compensation, n. Wokazuzu. 
compete, vi. Kici ecoi]. 
competence, n. Wookihi ; oicihi. 
competent, a. Okihi ; iyecetu. 
competition, n. Kicieconpi. 
compile, vt. Wi'taya e'hnaka. 
complacent, a. Waciniyokipi. 
complain, vi. IyoMpi sni ia. 
complaint, n. Woaie. 
complete, a. Yustanpi ; a'taya. vt. 

Yustan ; ecetuya. 
completely, adv. Taijyehca. 
complex, a. Oakiake. 
complexion, n. Uka; ha. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



compliance 

compliance, n. Iyowinyanpi. 
complicate, vt. Yuskiska. 
complicated, pa. OsMake. 
complicity, n. Waokiyapi. 
compliment, vt. Yaonihai). n. Wo- 

ynonihai). 
comply, vi. Wicakicida; ecenecon. 
comport, vt. Onanye. 
compose, vt. 1. Ka'ga : compose a 

hymn. 2. Tuasni : compose your- 
self. 3. Ma'zaehde. 
composition, n. Iapi ka'gapi. 
compost, n. TacesdiicaM. 
composure, n. Wowanba. 
compound, vt. Icahiya ; a'okpani 

yawa. a. Yuokonwanzipi ; yu- 

witaya. 
comprehend, vt. Okahniga. 
comprehension, n. Wokannige. 
compress, vt. Paskica. 
comprise, vt. Ea ; o'peMya. 
compromise, vt. Wokiya ; tawacin 

enakiye. 
compulsion, n. Woiyopastake. 
compunction, n. Wocaijtiyapa. 
compute, vt. To'nakeca yawa. 
comrade, n. Eicuwa ; kicica. 
con, vt. Atanse awacii). 
concave, a. Sko'pa. 
conceal, vt. Anabbe. 
concede, vt. Iyowiijyai) ; ku. 
conceit, n. Iyotanicida; woawacii). 
conceited, a. Wanaijicida. 
conceivable, a. Waciniyohipica. 
conceive, vt. Wacinehde; awacii); 

iyukcaij; ihdusaka. 
concentrate, vt Yuwitaya. 
conception, n. Waawaciijpi; ibdu- 

sakapi. 
concern, vt. Iyowaza ; icicuwa ; 

en e'wacin. n. Woawacin ; ta'- 

ku; okodakiciye. 
concernlng,^rep. Eciyatanhan ; -i. 
concert, n. 1. Omniciye wicakido- 

waijpi. 2. O'kiciyapi. 
conciliate, vt. Okiciynwaste. 
concise, a. Pte'cena ; kathjyai). 
conclave, n. Nanmanomniciye. 



37 confluence 

conclude, vt. Iyukcan ; yustai) ; 

ibunniyan. 
conclusion, n. Ibanke ; woyustai) ; 

wowiyukcan. 
conclusive, a. Waynstan. 
concoct, vt. Ka'ga. 
concord, n. Okiciwastepi. 
concourse, n. O'ynwitaya. 
concubine, n. Tawicu wakaijyu- 



concur, vi. 1. He'cetuda. 2. Iaki- 

yehantu. 
condemn, vt. Yaco; ai'cayawapi. 
condense, vt. Yucikana. 
condescend, vi. Ihdnhukuya. 
condition, n. Chin ; to'ken un. 
conditional, a. Ta'ku ikoyake. 
condole, vt. CanteMcisica. 
condone, vt. En e'tonwe sni. 
^conduce, vi. WaoMya. 
conduct, n. Onai) ; kuwapi. 
conduct 7 , vt. 1. Yu8 a'ya : conduct 

the boy home. 2. Awaijyaka; 

kuwa : conduct the campaign. 

3. Ohanyan : he conducts him- 
self well. 
conductor, n. Tokahai) ; itaqcai). 
cone, n. Mibeya pe'sto. 
confection, n. Ta'ku sku'ya icabi. 
confederacy, n. Wodakota. 
confer, vt. J£u. vi. Wohdaka. 
conference, n. Owohdake. 
confess, vt. Ohdaka. 
confide, vt. AwaijyagMya ; wica- 

keda. 
confidence, n. Wowacinye ; wowi- 

cakeda. 
confident, a. Wicakeicida. 
confidential, a. Wacinyan; na- 

bmaijyuha. 
confine, vt. Aonataka. 
confirm, vt. Ynsuta ; ynwicaka. 
confirmation, n. Wicayusutapi. 
confiscate, vt. Ki. 
conflagration, n. Oide. 
conflict 7 , vi. Kagikiciya. 
con'flict, n, Woakinica ; wokicize. 
confluence, n. Mdo'te. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



conform 

conform, vi. Iyecenecoi). 

confound, vt. Wacinhnuniya; i'ci- 
hnuniya ; i'cicahiya. 

confront, vt. I'tkokipa. 

confuse, vt. Wacinhnuniya; i'ci- 
cahiya. 

confusion, n. To'ketu tanin sni. 

confute, vt. Yuwicake sni. 

congeal, vt. Tasagya. vi. Tasaka. 

congenial, a. Wi'ciyokipi. 

congested, a. Ozudan ; otlnza. 

conglomerate, a. I'cicahi. 

congratulate, vt. Ikiciyuskhj. 

congregate, vi. Mni'ciya. 

congregation, n. Omniciye. 

Congregational, n. — Okodakiciye 
wakan obe. — A'tayedan. 

congress, n. Tunkansina omni- 
ciye. 

conical, a. Mibepesto. * 

conjecture, vt. Ecin ; iyukcan. 

conjugal, a. Wakankiciyuzapi. 

conjugate, vt. Adetka oyaka. 

conjunction, n. Wokalitake. 
(Gram.) Iyayuze. 

conjure, vt. Wapiya ; eya. 

connect, vt. I'cikoyake ; kicica. 

connectedly, adv. Yuzunya. 

connection, n. I'ciyahde ; kicica ; 
wotakuye. 

connive, vi. Iyowinyan. ; o'kiya. 

connubial, a. Okiciyuze. 

conquer, vt. Ohiya ; kte'dan. 

conquest, n. Ohiyapi. 

conscience, n. Wi'ihdukcai). 

conscientious, a. Tawiihdukcan 
ahope. 

conscious, a. Kiksuye. 

conscript, n. Akicita opekiyapi. 

consecrate, vt. Yuwakan ; ku. 

consecutive, a. I'ciyokiheya. 

consent, vi. Iyowinyan. 

consequence, n. 1. Ta ku etanhan. 
icage. 2. Wookinihan. 

consequential, a. Okinihan. 

consequently, adv. He'cen. 
conservative, a. Tawaciq ; hanhi. 
consider, vt. Awacin ; ecin. 



38 contempt 

considerable, a. Ki'tanna o'ta. 
consideration, n. Woawacin ; wo- 

kazuzu. 
consign, vt. Ku ; yuhekiya. 
consist, vi. He'ca ; on ka'gapi. 
consistent, a. He'cetuwanzica. 
consolation, n. Wokicanpte. 
console, vt. Kicanpta. 
consolidate, vt. Yuokonwaqzina. 
consonant, n. Oowa tansna sni. 

a. Kici okiciwaste. 
consort, vi. O'hanhde ; ihakta. 

n. Kicica. 
conspicuous, a. Okitanii). 
conspiracy, n. Nahman kuwapi. 
conspire, vt. Kuwa. 
constable, n. Waoyuspa. 
constancy, n. Wowacintanka. 
constant, a. O'hinni; pa t a wan- 

zina. 
consternation, n. Woyusinyaye. 
constipated, a. Suksuta iheya. 
constituency, n. Tiijs'koya ta'wa- 

yapi. 
constitute, vt. Ka'ga. 
constitution, w. Wokagewowapi ; 

wokage; okage. 
constrain, vt. I'yopastake. 
construct, vt. Ka'ga. 
construction, n. Ka'gapi. 
construe, vt. To'ketu oyaka. 
consult, vt. Kici iwohdaka. 
consultation, n. Iwohdakapi. 
Consume, vt. Ihangya ; yusota ; 

(by eating) temya; (by fire) 

huhnaga. 
consummate, vt. Ihunikiya. a. 

Wankantuya. 
consumption, n. Ihangyapi ; cagu- 

sica woyazan. 
contact, n. Icahtakapi. 
contagious, a. I'ciyanpeyapi. 
contain, vt. Ohnaka ; en un ; kipi ; 

ihduha. 
contaminate, vt. Yusica. 
contemplate, vt. Awacin ; ka. 
contemporary, n. Iyehan ni. 
contempt, n. Wowahtedasni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



contemptible 39 

contemptible, a. Wante&ni. 
contend, vt. Akinica ; kitai). 
content, a. Iyokipi. vt. Iyokipiya. 

n. Woiyokipi; woozi. 
contention, n. Woakinica. 
contentions, a. Waakinicasa. 
contentment, n. Woozi. 
contest', vt. Akinica. 
congest, n. Woakinica. 
context, n. Iapikicica. 
contiguous, a. Icahtaka. 
continent, n. Makotanka. 
continual, a. O'hiijni. 
continually, adv. O'hinniyai). 
continuous, a. O'hinni yeya. 
continue, rf. San'paya; kuwa. 
contortion, n. Tancan yunminpi. 
contract 7 , vt. Yuptecena ; natipa ; 

yu$tan. 
con tract, a. Woyu&tai). 
contraction, n. Ayucikapi. 
contractor, n. Waecon. 
contradict, vt. He'cetusni eya; 

yuwicakefcni. 
contrary, a. To'keca ; kaSeya. 
contrast, vt. Fciwaijyag e'kde. 

w. To'kecapi. 
contribute, vt. Womnaye en e- 

hpeya; ku; kicun. 
contribution, n. Womnaye. 
contrite, a. Icantesica. 
contrive, vt. Iyukcan ; kuwa. 
control, vt. Awaijyaka. 
controversy, n. Woakinica. 
controvert, vt. Yuwicake&ni kuwa. 
contumacy, n. Wanahonpifcni. 
convalesce, vi. Akisni. 
convene, vt. Mni'ciya. 
convenience, n. Okiciwastepi. 
convenient, a. Un'piwa&tejtaijyai). 
convent, n. Sinasapawinyan tipi. 
convention, n. Omniciye. 
converge, vt. Fciyahde ye. 
conversant, a. A'taya sdonya. 
conversation, n. Wohdahdakapi. 
con verse, a. Kaicucuya. 
converse', vi. Wohdaka ; iaa. 
conversion, n. Ihduhomnipi. 



cornice 

convert 7 , vt. Yuhomni. 
con vert, n. Yutokecapi. 
convex, a. Pazo ; apaha. 
convey, vt. A'ya ; ai. 
conveyance, n. Oaye ; ku'pi. 
convict 7 , vt. Yaco ; kaska. 
con'vict, n. Yacopi. 
convince, vt. Wicadakiya. 
convocation, n. Wicastawakan o- 

mniciye. 
convoke, vt. Wicakico ; mni'ciya. 
convulse, vt. YuskanSkai). 
convulsion, n. Kaij'natipapi. 
coo, vi. Zitkadowai). 
cook, vt. Ohan ; Spaijyan. vi. Wo- 

han ; waspanyan ; dotihai). n. 

Wohe. 
cooked, pa. Span. 
cooky, n. Aguyapi sku'yena. 
cool, a. Cusni ; sni ; mde'za. vt. 

Sniyai) ; yusni ; canasni. 
coolly, adv. Ohankesya. 
coon, n. Wica. 

coop,n. Ti'pidai). n. Maheniyeya. 
cooper, n. Kokapahmihma ka'ga. 
cooperate, vi. O'kiya. 
coot, n. Caijhpai). 
cope, vi. Kici ecoi). 
copious, a. Okamdaya ; o'ta. 
copper, n. Ma'zasa. 
copulate, vt. Eiyuha. 
copy, vt. Iyecen owa. 
copyright, n. Ta'wayapi. 
cord, n. 1. Hakahmunpi ; hahon- 

ta ; wi'kai). 2. Can'iyutapi. 
cordial, a. Can te waste, n. Pezuta 

ocaze. 
core, n. Cante ; co. 
cork, n. banzai) io6tan. 
cormorant, n. Hun'tka ; mdo'za. 
corn, n. 1. Wamnaheza ; Y. wa- 

kmaheza ; T. wagmeza ; wahu- 

wapa. 2. Siyukaza anoge. 
corner, n. 1. Oise : the street 

corner. 2. Okahmin : the comer 

of the room. vt. Kanminyata 

iyeya. 
cornice, n. Ti'pitete. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



coronation 40 



coronation, n. Te'sdagkiyapi. 
coroner, n. Wicate wi'yukcai). 
corpora], a. Wicataqcai). n. Wi- 

capasi. 
corps, n. Optaye. 
corpse, n. Wicata. 
corpulent, a. Ce'pa ; taqcaijtaijka. 
corral, n. Caijkaskapi. 
correct, a. Owotaijna; he'cetu. 

vt. Yuowotaijna ; iyopeya. 
correction, n. Apiyapi; yuowo- 

taijnapi. 
correctly, adv. Taqyai) ; zun'ya. 
correspond, vi. 1. Kici iyececa; 

kicica : corresponds with the 

copy, 2. Wowapi kicicu : she 

corresponds with her mother. 
corroborate, vt. Yuwicaka. 
corrode, vt Yukuka. 
corrupt, vt. Yusica. a. Si'ca ; 

hwiij; owotaijnasni. 
corruptible, a. Yusicepica. 
corruption, n. Woyusice. 
corset, n. Cuwiiyuskite. 
cost, vt. Iyusote; iyopeya. n. Wo- 

iyopeye; wokazuzu. 
costive, a. Suksuta iheya. 
costly, a. TeMke. 
costume, n. Oihduze. 
cot, n. Owa a i)ka cis'tiqna. 
coteau, n. He. 
cottage, n. Ti'pikuciyena. 
cotton, n. Hiij'ozupi ; minlhuha. 
cottontail, n. Mastiqcana. 
Cottonwood, n. Wa'gacai). 
couch, vi. Pustag iwaqka. n. 

owaijka. vt. E'hnaka. 
cough, vi. Hohpa. Cough up, kas- 

pa. n. Hohpapi. 
could, imp. of can. 
council, n. Omniciye. 
counsel, vt. Eciya ; ecoqsi ; ikici- 

yukcai). n. Wowahokoijkiye. 
count, vt. To'nakecayawa ; yawa. 

n. Woyawa ; wowicada ; itaij- 

cai). 
countenance, n. Ite ; itohnake ; 

wookiye. vt. Iyowiijkiya. 



counter, n. Wa'hna wopetoijpi ; 
tuweyawa. adv. &pref. Itkom ; 
uijmai) eciyatai)hai) ; i'cipas. 

counteract, vt. Yuecetusniya. 

counterfeit, n. Wohnaye. vt. Wo- 
hnaye ka'ga. 

countermand, vt. Yutokeca. 

countess, n. Wiij'yaijitaijcai). 

countless, a. Yawapicasni. 

countrified, pa. Wozuwicasa seca. 

country, n. 1. Makoce : my coun- 
try. 2. Ikcemakoee ; wozutipi ; 
he lives in the country. 3. O- 
yate : the whole country rose in 
arms. 

countryman, n. Wozuwicasa. 

county, n, Makobaspe. 

couple, a. Noij'pa; tawaijzi. vt. 
Fciyakaska ; i'cikoyake. 

coupler, n. Wi'koyake. 

coupon, n. Oijspaikoyake. 

courage, n. Wowaditake. 

courageous, a. Waditaka. 

courier, n. Wahosiye. 

course, n. 1. Woiyopte; to'ken 
ecoi) : his course was not wise. 
2. Tokiyotai) ya : the ship's 
course. 3. Oweciijhai) ecoijpi : 
a course of lectures, vi. Ya ; 
iyopte; kuwa. 

court, vt. Okiya ; wiokiya ; akita. 
n. Wayacoomniciye ; ho'coka ; 
itancaijti. 

courteous, a. Onanwaste. 

courtesy, n. Wokinihan. 

courtier, n. Itaijcai) taokiye. 

courtly, a. Okinihai). 

courtship, n. Okiyapi. 

courtyard, n. Ti'wasteoksan. 

cousin, n. (A man's male cousin) 
Tahaijsi: (A man's female 
cousin) naijkasi; (A woman's 
male cousin) icesi ; {A woman's 
female cousin) icepaijsi. 

cove, n. Okanmii). 

covenant, n. Wokonze. 

cover, vt. Akahpa ; ahdeyuza. n. 
Oakanpe; iha. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



covering 

covering,*. Oakanpe. 

coverlet, n. Owiqzaakaftpe. 

covert, a. Nanmanpi. 

covet, v*. Koi) ; as'ii) ; T. koq'la. 

covetous, a. Wakons'a. 

covetousness, n. Wakonpi. 

covey, n. Zitka optaye. 

cow, n. Ptewiye; pte. vt. Ini- 

haqya. 
coward, n. Tu'we canwaijka. 
cowardly, a. Canwaqka. 
cowblrd, n. Pteanpaye ; T. waEi- 

panota. 
cowboy, n. Pteawanyake. 
cowhide, n. Pteha ; tahado. 
coworker, n. Kicica. 
coy, a. Wi'steca. 
coyote, n. Mi'ca ; mi'caksica. 
cozy, a. Wayuco ; taijyai). 
crab, n. Matuskataqka ; taspai). 
crabbed, a. Wacinko. 
crack, vt. As a nut, kanuga ; ka- 

kpi. As a plate, or a board, 

yusdeca. As ice, otii) ; bu. As 

a joke, wawihaye. As a whip, 

po'pa. n. Oko ; onasdeca ; bu ; 

oape. 
cracker, n. Agayapisaka; candi 

napomyapi. 
crackle, vt. Nakpakpa. 
crackling, n. Wash) ogugu. 
cradle, n. I'yokopa. 
craft, n. 1. Woecoi) ; wowasi : of 

what craft are ye. 2. Wa'ta. 
crafty, a. Wicahnaye ksa'pa. 
crag, n. In/yaijmaya. 
cragged, craggy, a. Hene. 
cram, vt. Paotiqza ; akaska. 
cramp, n. Kan natipapi. vt. Na- 

timya; aotinsya. 
cranberry, n. Potpaqka. 
crane, n. Pehai) ; pehaijsai). 
crank, n. 1. Iyuhomni; ma'za- 

ksan. 2. Tawacii) tokecas'a. 
cranky, a. Onaijto'keca. 
crape, n. Apandate gaqgai). 
crash, vt Kanunuga. n. Woihan- 

gye ; ta'ku bu ; minihuhapepe. 



41 crimp 



crate, n. Canyaijkapiopiye. 

crater, n. deide'ondoka. 

cravat, u. Tahuiyuskita. 

crave, vt. Ni'nacii) ; icekiya. 

craw, n. Zitkatapo. 

crawfish, n. Matuska. 

crawl, vi. Sdohai) ; win/ta. 

crayon, n. Makasai) wi'yowa. 

craze, vt. Yuhnaskinyai). n. Ihna- 
skiijyaijpi. 

crazy, a. Waciijhnuni. 

creak, vi. Kin/za. 

cream, n. Asaijpizi ; waste. 

creamery, n. Asai)pi okage. 

crease, vt. Yuksiza. 

create, vt. Ka'ga; otokaheka'ga. 

creation, n. Otokaheka'gapi. 

creator; n. Tu'we ka'ga. 

creature, n. Ka'gapi. 

credence, n. Wowicada. 

credentials, n. Ta'ku yuwicaka. 

credible, a. Wicadapica. 

credit, n. Oicazo ; wowicada ; wo- 
yuonihai). vt. Oicazoku; wica- 
keda. 

creditable, a. Yawastepica ; wica- 
dapica. 

creditor, n. Tu'weicazo. 

credulous, a. Kohaijna wicada. 

Cree, n. Mastinca oyate. 

creek, n. Wakpana. 

creep, vi. Sdohai) ; win/ta. 

cremate, vt. fiuhnanya. 

Creole, n. Spaniyocinca. 

crest, n. Pesdete. 

crevice, n. Oko ; onasdeca. 

crew, n- Wowasi optaye. 

crib, n. Wamnaheza opiye ; wo- 
knake; i'yokopa; T. tioslola. 

cricket, n. Psi psicana sa'pa. 

cried, imp. of cry. 

crier, n. E'yanpaha. 

cries, 3d ps. of cry. 

crime, n. Woope kicaksapi; wo» 
sice. 

criminal, a. Woope kicaksa. 

criminate, vt. Woope kicaksekiya. 

crimp, vt. Yumniza. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



crimson 

crimson, a. Sa ; we sa. 
cringe, vi. Napa ; pustaka. 
cripple, vt. Kiiujniya. n. Tu'we 

osteka. 
crisis, ft. Oyuhomni. 
crisp, a. Waij'kadai). 
critic, ft. Wakcankiyapi. 
critical, a. Wakcai)kcai)ka ; to'- 

ketu tai)ii) sni. 
criticise, trt. Iiya : i'eniyeya. 
croak, vi. fldo ; noton. 
crock, n. Makacega. 
crocodile, ft. Ahdeskataijka. 
crony, ft. Tu'weohanhdeya. 
crook, trt. Yuksai). ft. Oyuksai). 
crooked, a. Ksai) ; hmii). 
crookedly, adv. Yuksai) ksai). 
crop, ft. Wozupi ; ta'ku icage ; 

tapo. vt. Basmin; iij'kpabaksa; 

kasda; icahya. vi. Kas'iij- 

yai) u. 
cross, n. Caijicipawege ; caijhda- 

kinyai) ; i'cipawege. vt. Hda- 

kiijyai) icagopi ; i'cipawega ; 

icahiya ; kagiya. a. 1. Wacii)- 

ko ; caijksiksi : a cross woman. 

2. Ce'yesa: a cross baby. 3. 

Ociijsica : a cross bull. adv. 

Hdakiijyai) : o'pta. 
cross-eyed, a. Istaksii). 
cross-grained, a. Yuwi ; hmii). 
crossing, ft. O'pta ya'pi. 
crosswise, a. Hdakiijyai). 
crotch, ft. Canzate. 
crotchety, a. Ohaqtokeca. 
crouch, vi. Pustaka. 
croup, ft. Kinsya niyapi. 
crow, ft. Uncisicedan. vi. Hotoi) ; 

tan 'kaicidahotoij . 
Crow, ft. Kangitoka. 
crowbar, n. Ma'zahoijpe. 
Crow Creek, n. {The Agency) 

Con'kicakse. {Tlie stream) Kan- 

giokute. 
crowd, ft. Wicota ; o'ta. vt. Pao- 

tiijza; paotii)siyeya. 
crown, ft. Watesdake. vt. Wate- 

sdagkicatoi). 



42 cultivation 



crucifix, ft. Je'sus i'cipawega ka'- 

gapi. 
crucify, vt. Pcipaweh okatai). 
crude, a. Ikce ; ka'gapisni. 
cruel, a. Waoijsidasni ; caijtewa- 

nica; wakiuijnis'a. 
cruelly, adv. Waoi)sidasniyaij. 
cruelty, ft. Wowaoi)sidasni. 
cruise, n. Wi'tawata omani. 
crumb, ft. Aguyapi osnasna. vU 

Yukpaijkpai). 
crumble, vi. fipuwahe ; ptuhaha. 

vt. Yuptuha. 
crumple, vt. Yuksiksiza. 
crupper, ft. Sinteiyutitan. 
crusade, n. Kuwapi ; wotakpe. 
crush, vt. Kaskica ; kasuza. 
crust, ft. Ha ; haakamatasaka. 
crusty a. Ksizeca ; ke'za. 
crutch, ft. Can'huyapi. 
cry, cries, vi. 1. Ce'ya : the baby 

cries. 2. Eya niya ; pan'niya ; 

e'yaijpaha ; houya : he stood 

and cried, ft. Woceye ; ce'ya- 

pi;. hotoijpi; eyapi. Cry out, 

eya niyaij. 
crying, a. Ce'yes'a ; wakitaq ; 

tan'ka. 
crystal, a. Kohdi; zai)zan. 
cub, w. Waciijca. 
cube, ft. Pakidecen omdotoi). 
cubit, ft. Wicispa oiyute. 
cucumber, n. Sa'kayutapi yuhihi. 
cud, ft. Woyata. Chew the cud, 

wayatekoijza. 
cuddle, vi. Adoksohai). 
cudgel, ft. Canksa. 
cue, ft. Pe'hinsonpi ; siute. 
cuff, vt. Napemdaskaapa. n. 1. 

Oape. 2. Napokaskeska. 
culinary, a. Onwohanpi. 
cull, vt, Kahnihpahi. w. Oka- 

ptapi; siksica. * 

culminate, vi. Iyotaijwankan i. 
culpable, a. Bapica. 
culprit, ft. Tu'wewahtani. 
cultivate, vt. Kicaqyai) ; icahya. 
cultivation, n. Wakicanyanpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



culture 

culture, n. Kicanyanpi. 

cultured, pa. Waonspeka. 

culvert, n. Ceyagtonpi. 

cumber, vt. Nagiyeya ; kagiya. 

cumbersome, a. Okicanyesica. 

cunning, a. 1. Wayupika : a cun- 
ning workman. 2. Wicastasni : 
a cunning fox. 3. Wastena : a 
cunning baby. 

cunningly, adv. Wayupiya. 

cup, n. Wi'yatke. vt. We icu. 

cupboard, n. Waksinopiye. 

cupidity, n. Wocaijtahde. 

cupola, n. flda'hdatipi. 

curable, a. Asniyepica. 

curative, a. On asnipi. 

curb, vt. Kagiya ; anapta. n. In'- 
yai) cankunataka; i'iyuwitinza. 

curd, n. Asanpi suksuta. 

curdle, vi. Suksuta a'ya. 

cure, vt. 1. Asniyan : cure the .sick. 
2. Pusya : cure hams. 

curiosity, n. Wasdonyewaciiipi ; 
wowanyake. 

curious, a. Wasdonyewacii) ; wa- 
yupika ; wakai). 

curl, n. Owiijge ; oyuha. vt. Yu- 
mnimniza ; yunahaye. 

curly, a. Yuhana. 

curlew, n. Pasuskopa. 

currant, n. Oaptaheza. 

currency, n. Iyaza ya ; ma'zaska. 

current, a. Hiyaya; un'pi; de. 
n. Kadus ya. 

curry, vt. Yustosto ; kakca. 

curry-comb, n. Wi'cakca. 

curse, vt. Yasica; Wakantanka 
cazeyan yasica. n. Woyasica. 

cursed, a. Yasicapi. 

cursory, a. Inanni. 

curt, a. Yatfnzapi. 

curtail, vt. Yuaokpaniya. 

curtain, n. O'zanpi. 

curvature, n. Womibe. 



43 czar 



curve, vt. Yuksan. w. Oyuksan ; 
mibe. 

curved, pa. Ksarj ; mibe. 

cushion, n. Ipahin. 

custard, n. Wi'tkayuzapi. 

custom, n. 1. Woecoi) ; woope • 
an Indian custom. 2. Enkiciipi . 
draws custom. 3. Oyate woka- 
zuzu. 

customary, a. Econpi ecee. 

customer, n. EnkichVa ; tu'we. 

cut, vt. Baksa ; bahoi). (By stri- 
king) Kaksa. (By cutting or 
sawing) Baksa. To cut down, 
kawanka. — To cut off (as grass) , 
kasda. — To cut out (as clothes), 
bapta ; yupta. — To cut a gash, 
bahon. — To cut loose, yusdoka. 
— Cut teeth, hi'uya. — Cut up (in 
pieces), baksaksa; (to play), 
skata. 

n. 1. (a gash) Obahon. 2. (a 
stroke) Oape. 3. (apiece) Oba- 
spe. 4. (a drawing) Iteowapi. 
5. (railway) Caijku okapi. 6. (a 
short cut) Canku. 
pa. Baksapi ; pasdutapi. 

cute, a. Wastena ; wacinksapa. 

cutlas, n. Miwakan. 

cutlet, n. Obftkse. 

cutoff, n. A'kokam canku. 

cutter, n. Wi'casda ; canwiyu- 
sdohe ; wi'tawata. 

cutting, n. Obakse ; bahonpi. 

cutworm, n. Wamduskadan. 

cycle, n. Mibe ; aohomni. 

cyclone, n. Tatehomni. 

cyclopedia, n. Woonspe sintomni 
oyaka. 

cylinder, n. Mibehanska. 

cymbal, n. Ma'za kasnapi. 

cynical, a. Wawiha. 

cypress, n. flantehanska. 

czar, n. A'taya itancan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



dab 



44 



day 



D 



dab, vt. Akastaka ; apa. n. oape ; 

wokastake. 
dabble, vi. Mini en aka'ta ; aspa- 

yeya. 
dabbler, n. Askate. 
dad, daddy, n. Ate ; atkuku. 
daddy-long-legs, Unktomi hu han'- 

ska. 
dagger, n. Isai) tan'ka; Y. & T. 

miwakaq ; anogope. 
daily, a., adv. Anpetu iyohi; 

anpetu iyohi ka'gapi. 
dainty, a. Wastena. n. Ta'ku 

skuskuyena. 
dairy, n. Asanpiihdi ka'gapi. 
daisy, n. Wahca cuwizizi. 
Dakota, n. pr. Dakota. 
Dakota river, n. pr. Cansansan- 

wakpa. 
dale, n. Makosmaka. 
dally, vi. Hun/kesni ecoi). 
dam, n. 1. Hunka wi'ye. 2. Ce- 

yaka. vt. ceyagton;mininataka. 
damage, vt. Yusica. n. Woyusice; 

woMuijni. 
dame, n. Win'yan itancai). 
damn, vt. Yasica; wakaqsicati 

ekta iyayeya. 
damnable, a. Yasinpica. 
damnation, n. Woyasice. 
damp, a. Tkin ; spa'ya ; hpai). 
dampen, vt. flpanye ; kagiya. 
damper, n. Woanapte. 
damsel, n. Wikoska. 
dance, v. Waci ; wacikiya. n. Wo- 

waci. 
dancer, n. Waeisa. 
dandelion, n. Wahcazi. 
dander, n. Pa'gangeca. 
dandle, vt. Kihnahna ; kiskata. 
dandruff, n. Pa'gaijgeca. 
dandy, n. Tu'we wi'tantai). 
danger, n. Wokokipe. In danger 

of, okokipeya ; a'etopteya. 



dangerous, a. Okokipe. 

dangerously, adv. Okokipeya. 

dangle, vi. Otkehan ; ikoyaka. 

dangles, n. pi. Oncinci. 

dapper, a. Wayuco. 

dapple, a. Hdeska. 

dare, vi. Tawa^enya. vt. canwan- 

keda. 
dare-devil, n. Wakan&ca. 
daring, a. Ta'ku kokipe sni. 
dark, a. Sen. 1. O'kpaza ; o'tpaza. 

2. To'ketutaninSni : a dark 

problem. 3. Sa'pa; si'ca : a 

dark villain. 4. Sa'peca ; stai) : 

dark skin. 
darken, vt. Aokpasya. 
darkly, adv. Aokpasya. 
darkness, n. O'kpaza. 
darling, n. & a. Tehiijda. 
darn, vt. 1. Pasisakagege. 2. Ya- 
sica. 
dart, vt. Kano-iyeya. vi. Ni'na- 

iyaya. n. Wi'cape. 
dash, vt. Iyamehpeya ; kamdeca ; 

akastanstai) ; ohanko yustan. 

vi. Ni'na iyaya. n. Wonatan ; 

woiyapa; wokahtaka. 
dash-board, n. Caijpahmihman ite. 
dastard, a. Canwaijka. 
date, n. Wiyawapi; watohaijtu. 

vt. Wiyawapi ka'ga; o'maka 

yawa. 
danb, vt. Akastaka ; apuspa. 
daughter, n. Cuijwintku. My 

daughter, micunksi ; cuns. 

Tour daughter, nicunksi. 
daughter-in-law, n. Takos. Your 

daughter-in-law, nitakos. His 

daughter-m-law, takosku. 
daunt, vt. Natungya. 
dauntless, a. Nafrujgyapicasni. 
dawn, n. Aij'pao ; oicage. vi. Jea- 

ge; u. 
day, n. Anpetu ; cai) ; Y. an/pa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



day-break 

AU day, aijpetu ihuijni. — All 
the day 8, anpetu owasii). — By 
day, anpetu icunhan. — Day 
about, aijpetu itogto. — Day by 
day, aijpetu iyohi. — To-day, 
nakaha. 

day-break, n. An 'pa kamdeza. 

daylight, n. Aij'pao. 

daytime, n. Aij'pa icuijhaij. 

daze, vt. Waciijhnuniya. 

dazzle, vt. Istosnisya. vi, Isto- 
Suiza. 

deacoo, n. Ookiye. 

deaconess, n. Win'yaij ookiye. 

dead, a. 1. T a : a dead man - 2 - 
de'ca : a dead tree. 3. Ta : 
dead capital; dead faith. 4. 
A'taya ; wowicake : a dead 
calm; dead sleep, n. Wicata. 
adv. A'wicakehaij. 

deaden, vt. T e ya- 

deadfall, n. Onhmun'kapi. 

deadhead, n. Kazuzusni o'pa. 

deadly, a. Oijtekta ; oijta'pi ; kte- 
wacin. adv. Ta se'ca; kte kta. 

deadness, n. Ta ; ecec9 sni. 

deaf, a. No'ge kpa ; kpa ; waua 
hon sui. 

deafen, vt. No'ge kpeya. 

deafness, n. Wonahon sui. 

deal, vt. & vi. Ku ; pamui ; ecoij ; 
wi'yopeya. 

deal, n. 1. Oiyute : a great deal. 
2. Kicicupi : a land deal. 

dealer, n. Wopetoij ; wapamni. 

dear, a. 1. Tehika ; o'ta iyawapi : 
a dear horse. 2. Tehiijda. My 
dear father, ate tewahiijda. 
int. Ecahe. 

dearly, adv. Teuiya ; ni'na. 

dearth, n. Wicaakihaij ; ta'ku 
owasii) tehike ; wanica. 

death, n. Wicoijte. To be the 
death of, \ey&. — To put to 
death, kte; yuta. — To bite to 
death, yata. — To tramp to death, 
uata. 

deathly, a. Ta se ; oasica. 



45 declaration 



debar, vt. Okihisniya. 

debark, vi. flen iuaziij. 

debase, vt. Yuhukuya. 

debatable, a. Akiuiupica. 

debate, v. Iaakinica ; akiuica. n. 
Waakiuicapi. 

debater, n. Iaakinica. 

debauch, vt. Yusica. n. Ohaij 
witkotkoka. 

debauchery, n. Witkopi. 

debility, n. Wowasake sui. 

debt, n. Oicazo. 

debtor, n. Icazo. 

decade, n. Wauiyetu wikcemua. 

decalogue, n. Woahope wikcemua. 

decamp, vi. Tokai) e'ti. 

decapitate, vt. Pabaksa. 

decay, vi. Kukaaya ; taijniaya ; 
ecetusniaya. n. Woecetusni. 

decease, n. Nagiiyaya ; \&. 

deceit, n. Wohnaye. 

deceitful, a. Wicahnayesa; wo- 
hnaye. 

deceitfully, a. Hna'yan. 

deceitfulness, n. Wohnaye. 

deceivable, a. Hna'yepica. 

deceive, vt. Hna'yan. 

deceiver, n. Wicahnayesa. 

December, n. Wi'iakenonpa. 

decency, n. Woecetu ; woiyokipi 

decent, a. Ecetu; taijyaij. 

decently, ado. Tanyan. 

deception, n. Wohnaye. 

decide, vt. To'ketuyustan. 

decided, a. Yustanpi ; suta. 

decidedly, adv. A'wicakeya. 

decimal, a. & n. Wikcemnamna 
woyawa. 

decimate, vt. Iyokise ihangya. 

decipher, vt. Yawa. 

decision, n. 1. Woyustaij; woyaco; 
2. Tawacin suta. 

decisive, a. Wayustan. 

deck, vt. Koyagya ; saya. 

deck, n. Owinza ; kansu opahte. 

declaim, vi. Wohdaka ; iaa. 

declamation, n. Woowohdake. 

declaration, n. Yaotaniijpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



declaratory 

declaratory, a. Yaotaqin. 
declare, vt. Yaotanin, ; eya. 
declension, n. Yuhukuyapi ; 

{Gram.) iokawinh aya. 
decline, vi. Kun ya ; wicada sni. 

n. Kun ya. 
declivity, n. A'pamahde. 
decompose, vt. & vi. Yukuka ; 

kuka. 
decorate, vt. Yuwaste ; saya. 
decorous, a. Iyecetu. 
decoy, n. Hna'yan icu; hmun'ka. 

n. wi'hmunke. 
decrease, vi. To'nana a'ya ; a'ok- 

pani a'ya. vt. A'okpaniya. 
decree, v. Kon'za ; woope ka'ga. 
decrepit, a. Kai) ; osteka. 
decry, vt. Yasica ; yasihtin. 
dedicate, vt. Ku; yuwakan. 
deduce, vt. Icu ; iyukcan. 
deduct, vi. Icu; yutokai). 
deed, n. 1. Woecoi) ; wicohai) ; 

ta'ku ecoijpi. 2. Makocewo- 

wapi suta. vt. Ku; makoce- 

wowapi ku. 
deem, vt. Yawa; ecin. 
deepi a. Mahentu ; (Of water) sbe; 

ni'na. n. Wosbe; miniwanca. 
deepen, vt. Yumahentuya. 
deeply, adv. Mahentuya. 
deer, n. Ta'hinca ; ta'hca. 
deerskin, n. Taha. 
deface, vt. Yusica ; pazuzu. 
defalcate, vt. Onge manon. 
defame, vt. Yasica. 
default, v. & n. Econsni. 
defeat, vt. Kte'na ; ohiya. n. Kte'- 

pina. 
defect, n. Onspa iyecetu sni. 
defective, a. Onspa si'ca. 
defence, n. Wowinape; anaici- 

ksinpi. 
defend, vt. Nakicizin. 
defender, n. Waanakiksin. 
defenseless, a. Woawanyake co'- 

dan. 
defensible, a. Awanyakapiwaste. 
defensive, a. Naicizin. 



46 delicacy 

I defer, vt. Kihnaka. vi. Akipe ; 
| ohoda. 
deference, n. Ahopapi. 
defiance, n. Wokipazin ; won alio i) 

sni. 
deficiency, n. Iyohi sni. 
deficient, a. A'okpani ; iyohi sni. 
defile, vt. Yusapa ; yusica. n. 

Canku ocistiyedan. 
define, vt. To'ketu oyaka. 
definite, a. Tanyanoyakapi ; yu- 

taninpi hca. 
definitely, adv. Taninyan hca. 
definition, n. To'ken ka'pi oya- 

kapi. 
deform, vt. Yusica. 
deformed, pa. Osteka. 
defraud, vt. Ki ; hna'yan. 
defray, vt. Kazuzu. 
deft, a. Wayupika. 
defunct, a. Ta ; owihanke. 
defy, vt. Kipazin ; ohoda sni. 
degenerate, vi. Si'ca a'ya. a. Si- 

htin. 
degradation, n. Wotakuni sni. 
degrade, vt. Yuhukuya. 
degraded, pa. Kun'tuh un'pi. 
degree, n. 1. Ca'hde ; oiyute. 2. 

Wacazeyatapi : the degree of 

A. B. 
dehorn, vt. He kawanica. 
deify, vt. Yuwakaq. 
deign, vi. En ahiwacin. 
deist, n. Wowapi Wakan ohna sni 

Wakan. tanka awacin.. 
deity, n. Wowakan. 
deject, vt. Caijtesiriya. 
dejected, pa. Cantesica. 
dejection, n. Oantesicapi. 
delay, vt. Yutehan ; kagiya. 
delegate, n. Yesipi. vt. Yesi ; ecoi) 

kta wowas'ake ku. 
delegation, n. Yesipioptaye. 
deliberate, v. Awacin. a. Awacin 

econ ; hanhi. 
deliberately, adv. Awacinyan. 
delicacy, n. Ta'ku wastena ; wo- 

waste. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



delicate 

delicate, a. Wastena ; wasazeca ; 

suta sni. 
delicately, adv. I wastena ; wasas- 

yena ; iyokipiya. 
delicious, a. Wastehca. 
deliriously, adv. Oiyokipiya. 
delight, n. Wowiyuskin. v. Iyus- 

Mi) ; iyokipiya. 
delightful, a. Oiyokipi. 
delineate, vt. Icazo ; pazo. 
delinquency, n. Woyusna. 
delinquent, a. & n. Econsni. 
delirious, a. Wacinhnuni. 
deliver, vt. 1. E'hdaku : deliver 

from death. 2. Ku : deliver the 

letter. 3. Oyaka : deliver the 

oration. 
deliverance, n. Waehdakupi ; oie. 
deliverer, n. Waehdaku. 
dell, n. O'smaka. 
delude, vt. Nu'niya. 
deluge, n. Mini tar), v. Amnitanya. 
delusion, n. Wohnaye. 
delve, v. Kahdoka ; oka. 
demagogue, n. Oyate hna'yan. 
demand, vt. Da; kitar) da. n. 

Da'pi; cin/pi; wi'wangapi. 
demean, vt. Ohanyai). 
demented, a. Waciijhnuni. 
deml% pref. Hanke. 
demise, n. Ta. 

Democrat, n. pr. Itokahwicasta. 
demolish, vt. Yuzuzu. 
demon, n. Wakaijsica. 
demonstrable, a. Yuwicakepica. 
demonstrate, vt. Yuwicaka. 
demoralize, vt. Yusihtin. 
demur, vi. Kagiya ia. 
demure, a. Ohai) sta'ka. 
den, n. Ti'pidai) ; wamaniti. 
denial, n. Wicakesnieyapi ; wica- 

dasni. 
denominate, vt. Cazeyata. 
denomination, n. Caze ; ocaze. 
denominator, n. Kiyuspapi oyaka. 
denote, vt. Yaotanin. ; ka. 
denounce, vt. I en iyeya; yaotanin. 
dense, a. Pp^Mcapi ; so'ka. 



47 descent 



dent, vt. Paosmaka. 

dentist, n. Hi piya. 

denude, vt. Tancodaya ; kakmi. 

denunciation, n. Yasicapi. 

deny (denied), vt. Wicakesni eya ; 

he'cetusni eya ; ku wicadasni ; 

ipida. 
deodorize, vt. Sicamna asniya. 
depart, vi. Iyaya ; tokanya. 
department, n. Ospaye. 
departure, n. Tokanya'pi. 
depend, w. Ikoyaka; wachjyan. 
dependence, n. I'cikoyagunpi ; wo- 

wacinye. 
depict, vt. Owa ; yntanin. 
deplete, vt. Yusota. 
deplorable, a. Oiyokisica. 
deplore, vt. Icaijtesica. 
deponent, n. Wayatanin. 
depopulate, vt. Wicayusota. 
deportment, n. Ohai). 
depose, vt. Ayustankiya. vi. Ya- 

tanin. 
deposit, vt. E'hnaka ; kihnaka. n. 

Wakihnakapi ; oiheye. 
depot, n. flemanionazii) ; owo- 

hnake. 
deprave, vi. Yusica. 
depravity, n. Yusicapi. 
deprecate, vt. Iyokipi sni. 
depreciate, vt. Kun yawa. vi. Kuu 

iyaya. 
depress, vt. Kun iyeya. 
depressed, pa. Iyokisica; yuh'i- 

kuyapi. 
deprivation, n. Wahpaniyapi. 
deprive, vt. Ki. 

depth, n. Sbe ; wosbe ; omahentu. 
derange, vt. Yuskiska. 
deride, vt. Ihaha. 
derision, n. Wowiha. 
derivation, n. Etanhan icupi. 
derive, vt. Etanhan icu. 
descend, v. Kun ya ; kun iyahe ; 

icage. 
descendant, n. Etanhan icage. 
descent, n. Kun ye ; wonatan ; 

wicoicage. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



describe 

describe, vt. Oyaka ; owa. 
description, n. Woyake. 
descriptive, a. Wawoyake ; ioka- 

winh oyaka. 
descry, vt. Tonweya. 
desecrate, vt. Yuikceka. 
desert 7 vt. Ehpeya ; nazica. 
dessert, ft. Makoce waicageani. 

a. Waicageani. 
desert 7 , n. Ta'ku kuwa. 
deserter, n. Tu'we nazica. 
desertion, w. Ehpeyapi ; nazica. 
deserve, vt. Kamna : ku iyececa. 
design, vt. Iwanyaka; awacin. 

n. Woawacin ; wowiyukcan. 
designate, vt. Ka ; kahniga. 
designer, n. Wi'yukcai). 
desirable, a. Cinpica ; waste. 
desire, vt. Gin ; cantokpani. ft. 

Ta'ku cin/pi. 
desirous, a. Awacii) ; cii). 
desist, vi. Ayustan ; enakiye. 
desk, n. Ahna wowapi ka'ga. 
desolate, a. Makoskantu ; otiwota. 

vt. Ihangya. 
despair, vi. Wacinyesni ; ecinani. 

n. Wacinyeyapisni. 
desperado, n. Tu'we wohitika. 
desperate, a. 1. Wohitika : a des- 
perate man. 2. Mde'ze ani ; 

teMka. 
desperately, adv. Wohitiya. 
despicable, a. Wahtesni. 
despise, vt. Wahtedasni. 
despite, n. Wo wahtedasni. prep. 

Ke'yas; he'casta. 
despiteful, a. Ociijsica. 
despitefully, adv. Sicaya. 
despoil, vt. Ki ; wahpaniya. 
despond, vi. Wacinibosake. 
despot, n. Itancansuta. 
despotic, a. Suta ; teMka. 
dessert, n. Sku'yawotapi. 
destination, n. Oahuni. 
destine, vt. Kahniga ; yustan. 
destiny, ft. Ta'ku ki'ciyanka. 
destitute, a. Wahpaniea : ni'ca. 
destitution, n. Wowahpanica. 



48 devoid 

destroy, vt. Yutakunisni. 
destroyer, n. Wayutakuniani. 
destructible, a. Ihangyepica. 
destruction, n. Woyutakuniani ; 

ihangyapi. 
destructive, a. Wayuaica. 
desultory, a. Katinyan&ni. 
detach, vt. Yuspa ; yukca. 
detached, pa. Tcikoyakeani. 
detachment, n. Ospaye. 
detail, vt. 1. Kpanyena oyaka. 2. 

Kiyuspa. w. Ospaye ; woyake. 
detain, vt. Kagiya ; i'yaninya. 
detect, vt. Yuasdaya. 
detection, n. Yuasdayapi. 
detective, n. Wayuasdaya. 
detention, n. Fyanicapi. 
deter, vt. Anapta ; hamya. 
deteriorate, vi. Si'ca a'ya. vt. Yu- 

sihtin. . 
determinable, a. Sdonyepica. 
determination, n. Wacinyuza ; ta~ 

wacin ; iyaye. 
determine, vt. Kon/za ; yustan ; 

yaco ; T. yasu. 
detest, vt. Wahtedasni. 
detestable, a. Wahtesni. 
detestation, n. Wowahtedasni. 
dethrone, vt. fieyataiyeya. 
detract, vt. Ki ; onspaicu. 
detriment, n. Woyusica. 
detrimental, a. Wayuaica. 
deuce, n. Noij'pa. 
Deuteronomy, w. Woope I'takihna. 
devastate, vt. Ihangya. 
develop, vt. Yutanin ; icahya. vi. 

Icaga. 
development, w. Yutaniijpi ; icah- 

yapi. 
deviate, vi. Icunom ya. 
device, w. Wowiyukcan. 
Devil, n. Wakansica. 
devilish, a. Wakansica se. 
Devil's Lake, n. Miniwakan. 
deviltry, ft. Wonagiyeya. 
devious, ft. flmin. 
devise, vt. Iyukcan. 
devoid, a. Wanica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



devolve 49 



devolve,*;*. Hin&paya. 
devote, vi. 5u ; ituhai). 
devoted, pa. E'cedankuwa. 
devotion, ». Woawacii) ; woohoda ; 

wotaqkadapi. 
devotional, a. Waohoda ; wace- 

Mya. 
devour, vt. Napcaiyeya ; temya ; 

ihaqgya. 
devout, a. Waawaciij. 
devoutly, adv. Yuonihaijyai). 
dew, n. Cu. 



diadem, n. Tesdake. 
diagonal, a. O'nya. 
diagram, n. Oicago. 
dialect, n. Iapi ocaze. 
dialogue, n. AMciyupteeyapi. 
diameter, n. Oiyute ohdakinyai). 
diamond, n. In'yai) tehika. 
diaper, n. Hoksiyopa adeza; ni- 

tiyapehe. 
diarrhea, n. Kazopi. 
diary, n. Anpetuwowapi. 
dice, n. Huhu kansukutepi. 
dicker, vi. Wopeton. 
dictate, vt. Eya ; owawicasi ; econ- 

wicasi. n. Ta'ku eya. 
dictation, n. Econsipi. 
dictator, n. Itancan,. 
diction, n. Woeye. 
dictionary, w. Iapi wowapi ; ieska 

wowapi. 
did, imp. of do. 
didactic, a. Wahokonkiya. 
didst, 2nd p. 8. imp, of do. 
die (died), vi. Ta ; nagiiyaye ; owi- 

hanke. 
diet, n. Woyute; omniciye. vt. 

Ci'stiijna won'kiya. 
differ, vi. To'keca ; togye awacii). 
difference, n. Wotokeca; toghdapi. 

It makes no difference, etanhan 

to'keca. 



dip 

different, a. To'keca. 
differently, adv. Togye. 
difficult, a. TeMke. 
difficulty, n. Wotehika ; woaki- 

nica. 
diffidence, n. Wi'stecapi. 
diffident, a. Wi'steca. 
diffuse, vt. Iyayeya; yeya. vi. 

Iyaya. 
diffuse, a. Thj'zesni. 
dig, vt. Ka ; oka ; pandoka. 
digest, vt. Ecetuya. 
digger, n. Okesa. 
dignified, pa. Wowimnaka. 
dignify, vt. Yuonihan. 
dignity, n. Wokinihan. . 

digress, vi. Icunom ya. 
dike, n. Mini makaokaske. 
dilapidated, pa. 2uzuwahe. 
dilate, vt. Yutaijka. vi. Tan/- 

kaaya. 
dilatory, a. Haijhi. 
dilemma, n. To'ketu tai)in sni. 
diligence, n. Womdiheca. 
diligent, a. Mdiheca. T. Bliheca. 
dilute, t^. Miniicahi; sutasni ka'ga. 
dim, a. Aokpaza ; M'taijna tanin. 
dim, vt. Aogiya. 
dime, n. Kaspapi. 
dimension, n. Oiyute. 
diminish, t*. Yucistinna. vi. Ci'- 
stiijna a'ya. 
dimly, adv. Ataninsniyan. 
dimple, n. Uka osmaka. 

din, n. Oko ; bu. 

dine, vi. Wota ; wicokayawota. 
vt. Wo^'kiva. 

ding, vt. Apapa ; kabubu. 

dingy, a. Stan'ka ; sapa. 

dining, n. Wotapi ; owote. 

dinner, n. Wicokayawotapi. 

dint, n. O'smaka. 

diocese, n. Woawanyake. 

dip, vt. 1. Oputkan ; iyeya : dip 
the pen in the ink. 2. Kapta; 
icu : dip up some icater. vi. 1. 
On spa o'peieiya. Dip into poli- 
tics. 2. Nake han. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



diphtheria 

diphtheria, n. Doteaogi. 
diphthong, n. Oowaiciyakaskapi. 
diploma, n. Waayatanin wowapi. 
diplomacy, n. Woitancan wicohan; 

wowayupika. 
dipper, n. Iyokapte. 
dire, a. Otehika. 
direct, vt. Yeya; yesi; econsi; 

econkiya ; ozuha owa. 
direct, a. Katinyan ; owotanna. 
direction, ft. Tokiyotan ; woawan- 

yake ; tokiyotanoyakapi. 
directly, adv. Katinyan; a'tayena; 

ecadan. 
director, ft. Waecoqwicakiya. 
directory, ft. Wicacazewowapi ; 

woecon wowapi . 
direful, a. Oiyokisica. 
dirge, w. Woceye ho. 
dirk, n. Isananogope. 
dirt, ft. Maka. 

dirty, a. Sa'pa. vt. Yusapa. 
dis-, prefix. Sni; wowanica. 
disable, vt. Okihisniya. 
disadvantage, ft. Tanyansni. 
disaffect, vt. Iyokipisniya. 
disagree, vi. O'konwanzinasni ; 

okiciwastesni. 
disagreeable, a. Owastesni ; oiyo- 
kisica. 
disagreement, ft. To'kecapi. 
disallow, vt. Wicadasni. 
disappear, vi. Taninsni. 
disappoint, vt. Cantesinya; cai)- 

hiya. 
disapprove, vt. Iyokipisni. 
disarm, vt. Wi'pe ki. 
disarrange, vt. Yuzuzu. 
disaster, n. Woakipa tehika. 
disastrous, a. Sicaya ; tehika. 
disavow, vt. He'cetusni eya. 
disband, vt. Yuzuzu. vi. Enakiye. 
disbelieve, vt. Wicadasni. 
disburse, vt. Wicaku ; pamni. 
discard, vt. Ehpeya. 
discern, vt. Iyukcai) ; wanyaka. 
discernible, a. Wanyagpica. 
discernment, n. Wowiyukcai). 



50 disentangle 

discharge, vt. 1. Ayustankiya : 
discharge a soldier. 2. Kiyuska : 
discliai ge a prisoner . 3. Bosdo- 
ka : discharge a gun. 4. Ehpeya; 
kazo ; hiyuya : discharge water. 
5. Kazuzu : discharge a debt. 

discharge, ft. Kiyuskapi ; iheya. 

disciple, n. Waonspekiya. vt. Oij- 
spekiya. 

discipline, vt. Kaonspe. w. Wo- 
kaonspe ; iyopeyapi. 

disclaim, vt. Ta'wasni keya. 

disclose, vt. Yuzamni. 

discolor, vt. Yutokeca. 

discomfit, vt. Iyokisinya ; napeya. 

discomfort, ft. Woiyokipisni. 

discommode, vt. Nagiyeya. 

discompose, vt. Inihanya. 

disconcert, vt. Wacinhnuniya. 

disconnect, vi. Yusdoka. 

disconsolate, a. Iyokisica. 

discontent, n. Woiyokipisni. 

discontented, pa. Cantesica. 

discontinue, vt. Ayustan. 

discord, n. Woakinica ; ho yasni* 
sniza. 

discount, vt. Ihukunyawa. 

discountenance, vt. Iyowinyesni. 

discourage, vt. Wacinibosagya. 

discouraged, pa. Wacinibosake. 

discouragement, n. Woiyokisice. 

discourse, vi. la; wohdaka. a 
n. Woowohdake. 

discourteous, a. Sinyaohanyan. 

discover, vt. Iyeya ; yutanin. 

discovery, ft. Tokaiyeyapi. 

discredit, vt. Wicadasni. 

discreet, a. Ksapa ; wayupika. 

discreetly, adv. Ksamyahan. 

discrepancy, n. To'kecapi. 

discretion, n. Wowiyukcan. 

discriminate, vt. Iwanyaka. 

discuss, vt. Iwohdaka. 

disdain, vt. Wahtedasni. 

disease, ft. Wowayazan. 

disembark, vi. fien'inazin. 

disengaged, pa. IkoyakesnL 

disentangle, vt. Kiyuska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



disfigure 

disfigure, vt. Yusica. 
disgorge, v. Hiyuya. 
disgrace, vt. Istenya. n. Wowi- 

steea. 
disgraceful, a. On istecapi. 
disguise, vt. Ihdutokeca. 
disgust, vi. Wahtedasni ; hitida. 
dish, n. Waksica. vt. Waksica 

ohnaka; kaskokpa. 
dishearten, vt. Canteokiciinniya. 
disheveled, pa. Yunana. 
dishonest, a. Owotaijnasni. 
dishonor, vt. Yuonihansni ; isten- 
ya. 
dishonorable, a. Kinihanpicasni. 
disinclined, pa. Cin'sni. 
disinterested, a. Iyowazasni. 
disjoin, vt. Yukinuijkan. 
disjoint, vt. O'kiheyuksa. 
disk, n. Ma'zamdaskamibe. 
dislike, vt. Sicedaka. 
dislocate, vt. Papsun. 
dislodge, vt. Iyayeya. 
disloyal, a. Wakinihansni. 
dismal, a. Oasica. 
dismay, vt. Yusinyeya. 
dismiss, vt. Ayustankiya. 
dismount, vi. Kun'iyahan. vt. Kun 

enpeya. 
disobedience, n. Wowananonsni. 
disobedient, a. Wanahonsni. 
disobey, vt. Anagoptansni. 
disobliging, pa. Waokiyesni. 
disorder, n. Woskiske. 
disorganize, vt. Yuzuzu. 
disown, vt. Ta'wayesni. 
disparage, vt. Yasihtin. 
dispatch. See despatch. 
dispel, vt. Kahamiyeya. 
dispensable, a. 1. Co'daijuqpica. 

2. Wicakupica. 
dispense, vt. Wicaku ; pamni ; 

kpagan. 
disperse, vt. Iyayeya ; yuomdeca. 

vi. Iyaya. 
dispirited, pa. Waciqyeyesni. 
displace, vt. Ecinsni e'hnaka ; yu- 

tokan. 



51 distillery 

display, vt. Yutaqin; pazo. n. Wa- 
pazopi; wowitai). 

displease, vt. Iyokipisniya ; can- 
zeya. 

displeasure, n. Wocaijze. 

disposal, n. Wokuwa ; tawacii). 

dispose, vt. E'hnaka ; wicaku ; 
awacii). 

disposed, pa. Wacinyuza. 

disposition, n. Tawacii) ; woku- 
wa. 

dispossess, vt. Ki. 

disprove, vt. Yuwicakesni. 

disputable, a. Akininpica. 

dispute, v. AMnica ; i'eniyeya. 
n. Woakinica. 

disqualify, vt. Okihisniya. 

disregard, vt. Enewacinsni. 

disreputable, a. Caze si'ca. 

disrespectful, a. Waohodasni. 

dissatisfy, vt. Iyokipisniya. 

dissect, vt. Pa'ta ; baspa. 

disseminate, vt. Oyaka. 

dissent, vi. Togyeawacin ; wica- 
dasni. 

dissenter, n. Obetokeca. 

dissertation, n. Woyake. 

dissever, vt. Kiyuspa. 

dissipate, vt. Iyayeya ; yutaku- 
nisni. vi. Witkoyaun. 

dissipation, n. Wayutakunisni ; 
witkopi. 

dissolve, vt. Skanyai) ; sdoya ; 
ihankeya. vi. Skai).; sdo ; 
ihanke. 

dissuade, vt. Iyokisni. 

distance, n. Fcitehan ; oiyute. A 
long distance. f tehan. A short 
distance j askadan,. vt. Tehan 
kapa. 

distant, a. Te'hantu; i'citehan. 

distaste, a. Wowahtedasni ; cin'- 
sni. 

distasteful, a. Iyokipisni. 

distemper, n. Po'gehdihdi. 

distend, vt. Yutai)ka. 

distil, vt. Minipoasbuya. 

distillery, n. Miniwakanokage. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



distinct 

distinct, a. Tanii) ; i'citanii) ; to'- 

keca. 
distinction, n. Wotokeca; wowa- 

petokeca ; itokeca ; wokitanii). 
distinctly, adv. Tax)h)yan. 
distinguish, vt. Kahniga ; iyekiya ; 

oMtaqii) ka'ga. 
distinguishable, a. Oiyekiyawaste. 
distinguished, pa. Okitaijii). 
distort, trf. Yuhmii). 
distract, vt. Waciqhnuniya. 
distress, vt. Iyokisinya ; kakisya. 
distress, n. Wokakize. 
distribute, trf. Pamni; iyayeya. 
district, n. Makoceoiyute. 
distrust, vt. Wicadasni. n. Wace- 

tunhdapi. 
distrustful, a. Wacetunhda. 
disturb, vt. Nagiyeya ; yuskiska. 
disturbance, n. Owodutatoi). 
disunion, n. Wobdeca. 
disuse, n. Un/pisni. 
ditch, n. Minicaijkukapi ; makao- 

kapi. 
ditto, n. Ake iyececa. 
ditty, n. Odowanci'stinna. 
dive, vi. Kihnuka ; en ya. 
diverge, vi. A'kizanya. 
divers, a. O'ta. 
diverse, a. Toktokeca. 
diversify, vt. Yutokeca. 
diversion, n. Woskate. 
divert, vt. Tokan a'ya ; magagaya. 
divest, vt. Yusdoka ; ki. 
divide, vt. Kiyuspa ; yrikinukai) ; 

pamni. vi. Kinukanya. n. Ma- 

koce mdoya. T. Blowanzi. 
dividend, n. Kiyuspapi. 
divine, vt. Wi'yukcan ; ayata. a. 

Wakan. n. Wicastawakaq. 
divinely, adv. Wakanyan. 
diving, pa. Kihnukapi. 
divisible, a. Kiyuspepica. 
division, n. Kiyuspapi ; ospe. 
divisor, n. On kiyuspapi. 
divorce, n. Wakankiciyuzapi yu- 

zuzupi ; kiyuspa ; ehpeya. 
divulge, vt. Yataijin. 



52 domesticate 



dizzy, a. Itomni. 

do (does, did, done), v. 1. Econ. 
Do your work well, wowasi ni- 
tawa tanyan econ. 2. Yustai) : 
he is done plowing. 3. Iyecetu : 
that will do. 4. Un : how do 
you do. 

Do away with, ihankeya. — 
Do for, ecakicicon ; iyecetu. — 
Do his best, to'ken okihi econ. 
— Do over, akta econ. — Do tip, 
panta ; ihankeya. — Do to, eca- 
Mcoi). 

do, aux. v. (OMyapi iapi heca). 
Do we got We do go, unyanpi 
he ; uijyaijpi. — Do you see t I 
do, wandaka he ; wanmdake. 

docile, a. Wa'hbana. 

dock, n. Wataoahuni. vt. Onspa 
ehpeya. 

docket, n. Woecon, owapi. 

doctor, n. Pezutawicasta ; ksapo- 
tancai). vt. Pezuta on. kuwa; 
kuwa. 

doctrine, n. Wowicada ; woonspe. 

document, n. Wayaataniq wowapi. 

dodge, vt. Napa ; tokanya. 

doe, n. Ta'heawiye. 

doer, n. Waecoij. 

does, 3rd per. s. of do. 

doff, vt. Yusdoka. 

dog, n. Sun/ka. vt. Sun'ka ku- 
wakiya. 

dog-days, n. Mdokecokaya. 

dogged, a. Ocin&ca. 

dogma, n. "Woonspesuta. 

dole, vt. Ci'stinnaku. 

doleful, a. Oiyokisica. 

doll, n. Hoksinkagapi. 

dollar, n. Ma'zaska ; kaspapi wi- 
kcemna. 

dolorous, a. Oiyokisica. 

domain, n. Makoce ; woawanyake. 

dome, n. Tiinkpamibe. 

domestic, a. Tihdepi ; tiyata ; tia- 
waijyaka. Domestic animals, 
wanuyanpi. n. Tiwahe ookiye. 

domesticate, vt. Yuwahbadan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



domicil 

domlcil, n. Ti'pi. 

dominant, a. Iyotan ; itaijcai). 

dominion, n. Wokiconze. 

don, vf. Kicui). 

donate, vt. £u ; itufrai). 

done, pp. of do. Yustanpi; spai). 

donkey, w. Soijsonnahca. 

donor, ». Wainpeye ; ku. 

doom, n. Woyaco. trt. Yaco; yasu. 

doomsday, n. Woyaco aijpetu. 

door, ». Tiyopa. Y. Tiyepa. In 

doors, timahen. — Out doors, 

taqkan. 
door-way, n. Tiyopa ondoka. 
dooryard, w. Tiyopa ostan. 
dope, w. Ta'ku coco. 
dormant, a. Istinmaseca. 
dormitory, w. Oiatiijmatipi. 
dose, n. Oyatkewanzi. vt. Yatke- 

kiya; ku. 
dot, w. Samyapi. vt. Samya. 
dotage, n. Kaij'pi. 
dotted, pa. Samyapi. 
double, a. Noij'pa ; non'paakihde ; 

i'takihna. 
double, vt. Akihdekaga; yukipaza. 
doubly, adv. Akihde. 
doubt, vt. Cetuijhda. vi. Wace- 

tunhda. w. Cetunhdapi ; to'ke- 

tutaijiqsni. 
doubtful, a. To'ketutaijinsni. 
doubtless, adv. Cetuijhdapicasni ; 

cin/to ; a'wicakehai). 
dough, ft. Aguyapi do. 
doughnut, ft. A&uyapiwihdienspai)- 

yanpi. 
dove, ft. Tin'wakiyeiia. 
dower, ». Wiwazica tawa. 
down, adv. Kun ; ku'ya : fall 

down. vt. Kun ehpeya. Down 

the river, o'kah ; Ih. hu'tam. 
down, ft. Wahinyazica ; tin'ta- 

paha. 
downcast, a. Pamahenun ; can- 

tesiea. 
downfall, n. Hinhpaya ; hinhe. 
down-hill, a. A'pamahde ; Y. 

aiyohpeya. 



53 draw 

downright, adv. A'wicakehai). 

downward, adv. Kun'kiya. 

downy, a. 2izi ; panpaijna. 

doxology, w. Woyatan. oehde. 

doze, vi. Istinma. 

dozen, a. Akenonpa. 

drab, a. fio'taka. 

draft, vt. Owa ; o'pekiya. 

draft, w. 1. Woyutitai) ; yutitanpi : 
a cart of easy draft. 2. On'ina- 
zaskaicupi : a draft on Xcw 
York. 3. Okaduze ; boide : sit- 
ting in the draft. 4. Woyatke : 
a draft of milk. 5. Oicu : a 
draft of fishes. 6. Owapi ; tihu- 
haowapi. 

drag, vt. 1. Yusdohan : drag a 
stone. 2. Ayuhhjhe : drag the 
field, ft. Mahiyuhinhe ; wosdo- 
he ; wokase. 

draggle, vt. Maka asdohai). 

dragon, n. Wamduska. 

dragoon, n. Sungakanakicita. 

drain, vt. Yuskepa ; yusota. n. 
Wiyuskepa; minitacai)ku. 

drake, n. Magaksicamdoka. 

dram, w. Miuiwakanoyatke ; otke- 
utecistinna. 

drama, n. Skan'owohdake. 

drank, imp. of drink. 

drape, vt. Mininuha oi) akahpa. 

draught Same as draft. 

draw, drew, drawn, vt. 1. Yusdo- 
han : draw tlie log. 2. Iyutanye ; 
yutitan: his speaking drew great 
crowds. 3. Yusduta ; yusdoka : 
draw a sword. 4. Icu ; yuwan- 
kan icu : draw a long breath ; 
draw water. 5. Icago ; ka'ga : 
draw a picture. 6. Owa : draw 
a cheek. 7. Minin waijka : the 
boat draws a foot. 8. Boide : 
the stove draws well. Draw off, 
ehdaku. — Draw out, yuzun. — 
Draw near, ikiyedai) hi. — Draw 
up, natipa. 

draw, n. Wosdohe ; yusdohanpi ; 
o'smaka ; cankafronpapihomni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



drawback 54 

drawback, n. Wokagi. 

drawer, n. Can'opiyeyusautapi. 

drawers, n. Onzeogemahenunpi. 

drawing, n. Napeoniteowapi. 

drawl, vi. Yahanhi. 

drawn, pp. of draw. 

dray, n. Hunonpaowatoksu. 

dread, vt. Ikopa ; kokipa. 

dreadful, a. Woyusinyan. 

dreadfully, adv. Okokipeya. 

dream, vi. Wi'hanmna. n. Wowi- 
hanmna. 

dreamer, n. Tu'we wihanmna. 

drear, dreary, a. Oasica. 

dredge, vt. Yukinca. 

dregs, n. Wokpukpe. 

drench, vt. A'taya spayeya. 

dress, n. 1. Heyake ; Y. hayake : 
citizen 1 8 dress. 2. Nitoske ; T. 
cuwignaka : she bought a new 
dress. 

dress, vt. 1. Heyake kicui) ; heya- 
ke unkiya ; koyagya. 2. Piya : 
yuwaste ; pa'ta. Dress a pig, 
kukuse pa'ta. — Dress a skin, ha 
kpaijyai). — Dress a stone, in van 
kakan. — Dress a wound, oyazan 
pikiya. 

dressing, n. Oihduze ; on piyapi ; 
spaijyaijpi opuhdi. 

dressy, a. Wi'taijtaijihduza. 

drew, imp. of draw. 

dribble, vt. Sbu'sbu. 

driblet, a. Wokitai). 

dried, pa. Pusyapi ; sa'ka. 

drier, n. Wapusya. 

drier, driest, comp. & super, of dry. 

drift, vi. 1. Kahboka ; kahbogi- 
yaya : the boat drifted. 2. Bob- 
du ; kata iheya : the snow 
drifts. 

drift, n. Caijokahboka ; cai)icoge ; 
wogai) j ta'ku bota iheya. 

driftwood, n. Canicoge. 

drill, vt. 1. Pahdoka; yuhdoka. 
2. Akicita kaoijspe. 3. Hi 
ohdogya ozu. n. Iyuhdoka ; 
hi'hdokaiozu ; wokaonspe. 



drum 



drilling, n. Minihuhakagopi seca ; 

ohdogyapi. 
drink, vt. Yatkai) ; yahepa. vi. 

Wayatkai); miniwakai) yatkai). 

n. Woyatke; wayatkanpi. 
drinkable, a. Yatkepica. 
drinker, n. Wayatkesa. 
drinking, n. Wayatkaijpi. 
drip, vi. Sbu ; sbu'sbu. 
drive, drove, vt. 1. Eahapa ; iya- 

yeya : drive oxen. 2. Okatai) : 

drive a nail. Drive away, ha- 

mya. — Let drive, howo. 
drive, n. Oomani ; woiyopastaka. 
driver, n. Wakafcapa. 
driving, pa. Kaho se hiyu. 
drizzle, vi. Minibozai). 
droll, a. Wowiha. 
drollery, n. Wowihaohaijyaijpi. 
dromedary, n. Caqkahupazo. 
drone, n. Tu'we kuza ; tuhmaga- 

mdoka. 
droop, vi. Kun'ya ; snisaya. 
drop, vi. Sbu ; hinhpaya ; taijii)- 

sniiyaya. vt. Yusna : John 

dropped the egg. Kun ehpeya ; 

kun iyeya : drop corn. Ayu- 

stan : drop the subject. — Yusna 

se ku : drop a line. 
drop, n. Osbuye ; T. os'e ; kun'ya ; 

bohpaye. 
dropsy, n. Miniotakiyukan. 
dross, n. -Ginginca. 
drought, n. Magazusni ; wapuza. 
drove, imp. of drive. 
drove, n. Optaye; wamakaskan 

optaye. 
drover,* Pteawanyake. 
drown, vt. Miniieya ; akiktonsya. 

vi. Minita. 
drowsy, a. fiba. 
drub, vt. Apa. 

drudge, n. Wowidake ; wowasi. 
drudgery, n. Wohtani ; wowasi. 
drug, n. 1. Pezuta. 2. Ehaes ota. 

vt. Pezuta ku. 
druggist, n. Pezutawiyopeya. 
! drum, w. Can'cega. vt. Can'cega 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



drumstick 

apa ; kabu. Drum out, kihdeya. 

— Drum up, mnayan. 
drumstick, n. Icabu. 
drunk, pp. of drink, a. Witko. 

ft. Witkoiciya. 
drunkard, w. Witkosa. 
drunken, a. Witko ; witkopi. 
drunkenness, w. Witkopi. 
dry, a. 1. Pu'za : dry dirt. 2. Se'- 

ca : a dry leaf. 3. Miniwakai) 

wanica : a dry town. 4. Ta^ake ; 

wi'hahasni : a dry speech. 
dry, vt. Pusya; kapuza. vi. Pu'za; 

oyahe. 
dry-goods, w. MiniHuha. 
dryness, w. Wopuza. 
dubious, a. To'ketutaninsni. 
duck, n. 1. Magaksica. 2. Mahen- 

iyeiciyapi. 3. Minihuhasoka. 
duck, vt. Mininiyeya. vi. Kihnuka. 
dude, n. Tu'we wi'tantan. 
duds, ft. Heyake. 
due, a. 1. Kazuzupi iyehantu : the 

debt is due to-morrow. 2. Iye- 

cetu : due honor. 3. Iyehantu ; 

hi iyehantu : due at noon. 4. 

On'etanhai) he'ceca : due to 

carelessness. 
due, n. Ta'kutawa ; woicazo. 
due, adv. Owotanna. 
duel, u. Nom kicizapi. 
duet, w. Wicaho nonpa. 
dug, imp. of dig. 
dug out, ft. Canwanziwata. 
duke, ft. Itancaijtanka. 
dull, a. 1. Pe'sni ; otoza : a dull 

knife. 2. Tawacin tatake ; wa- 

cinksape sni : a dull boy. 3. 

Ohanhi ; hun'kesni : a dull fire; 

a dull trade; a dull pain. 
duly, adv. Iyehanyan. 
dumb, vt. Iesni. 



55 dyspepsia 

dump, vt. Ehpeya. 

dumpling, n. Aguyapi coya span. 

dun, a. Hiu'zi. 

dun, vt. Kazuzusi. 

dunce, n. Wachjtonsni. 

dung, ft. Tacesdi. 

dungeon, w. Wicakaskatipi. 

dupe, vt. Hnayai]. w. Tu'wehna* 

yanpi. 
duplicate, vt. Iyececa ka'ga. 
duplicity, w. Wohnaye. 
durable, a. Te'hansuta. 
duration, n. Tohaijyan ya. 
during, prep. Icurjhar). 
durst, imp. of dare. 
dusk, ft. O'kpaza. 
dusky, a. Owataijinsni. 
dust, ft. Makamdu; wakpukpa. 

vt. Katata; pakiuta. 
dusty, a. Makamduota ; makabo- 

bdu. 
Dutch, ft. Iasicahca. 
dutiful, a. Wanahoi). 
duty, ft. 1. Ta'kueconiyececa : it 

is your duty. 2. Woecon : he is 

on duty. 3. Woyuha wokazu- 

za. 
dwarf, ft. Ecacikana ; stunka. vt. 

Yucikana. 
dwell, vt. 1. Ti; ounyai) : dwell 

in a city. 2. Te'hanoyaka. 
dweller, ft. Oti. 
dwelling, w. Ti'pi. 
dwindle, vi. Ci'stiijnaaya ; hii)- 

hpaya. 
dye, ft. Wi'unpi : red dye. vt. 

Wi'unpi akantan : to dye cloth. 

Dye blue, toya. 
dying, pa. Wannatekta ; t e kta en. 
dynamite, n. Cahdisuta. 
dysentery, ft. We'kazopi. 
dyspepsia, ft. Woyute isicapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



each 



56 



effectual 



each, a. & pro. Iyohi ; owasin. 

Each one, iyohi. — Each other, 

ki'ci-. Love each other, waste- 

kicidapi. 
eager, a. Cin'hca ; ohanko. 
eagerly, adv. Inahni ; chj'hca. 
eagerness, n. Woinahni. 
eagle, n. Waijmdi ; huya ; anoka- 

sai). 
ear, n. 1. No'ge ; (the auricle) 

nakpa. 2. Wahuwapa : an ear 

of corn. 
earache, ». No'geyazanpi. 
early, a. 1. Otokahe: his early 

writings. 2. Ecadan : early 

decay. 
early, adv. Ecadai) : rise early. 
earn, vt. Kamna ; ohiya. 
earnest, a. Wakitan ; wicaka. w. 

On yuwicakapi. 
earning, n. Wokamna. 
earring, n. Nakpa oil). 
earth, n. Maka ; maka mibe. 
earthen, a. Maka. 
earthly, a. Makata. 
earthquake, n. Makacaijcai). 
earthy, a. Maka etaijhan. 
ease, vt. Ozikiya. n. WooziMye ; 

tehisni. 
easily, adv. Tehisniyan ; wasa- 

kayedai). 
easiness, n. Wotehisni. 
east, a. & n. Wiyohiyanpa. 
Easter, n. Woekicetuaijpetu. 
easterly, a. Wiyohiyaijpata. 
eastern, a. "Wiyohiyaijpa. 
eastward, a. Wiyohiyaijpata. 
easy, a. 1. Tehikesni : an easy 

lesson. 2. Awaste ; owafcte ; 

iwastena skaij. 
eat, ate, vt. Yu'ta. Eat a hole, 

yahdoka. — Eat up, temya. vi. 

Wota. 
eatable, a. Oyunwaste. 



eaves, n. Ti'pitete. 

ebb, n. Oyahe ; kunya. 

ebony, n. Cansapa. 

eccentric, a. Ohaijtokeca. 

ecclesiastical, a. Okodakioiyewa- 
kai). 

echo, vt. Kaiyowaza. 

eclectic, a. Kahnihyuhapi. 

eclipse, n. Wija. vt. Aohaijziya ; 
kapeya. 

economical, a. Wakpatai). 

economy, n. Wakpataqpi; oki- 
caijye. 

ecstasy, n. Mde'zesni. 

eddy, n. Miniomni. 

edge, ft. I; ope; tete; opapur). 
The edge of the ax, ope. — The 
edge of the table, tete. — The 
edge of the cloth, opapui). 

edgewise, a. Omdecaya. 

edible, a. Yu'tapiwaste. 

edict, ft. E'yaqpahapi. 

edifice, n. Ti'pitaqka. 

edify, vt. Yuksapa ; yuwaste. 

edit, vt. Iapikahniga. 

editor, n. Iapikahniga. 

editorial, a. Itancan toie. 

educate, vt. Onspekiya ; kihiya. 

education, ft. Waonspewicakiyapi; 
wooij ape. 

educator, w. Waonspekiya. 

educe, vt. Etanhanicu. 

eel, ft. Ho'wanmduska. 

e'en, contr. even. 

e'er, contr. ever. 

efface, vt. Pazuzu. 

effect, vt. Ka'ga; econ. «. 1. Ta'- 
ku ka'ga ; on itokeca : the effect 
of the storm. 2. Wowasake : to 
speak with effect. 3. Woyuha : 
his total effects. — To this effect, 
deciyotaq. 

effective, a. WaoMhi. 

effectual, a. Wi'yokihi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



effeminate ( 

effeminate, a. Wiij'yai) iyececa. 
effete, a. Taqni ; huq'kesni. 
efficacious, a. Waokihi. 
efficient, a. Wi'yokihi. 
effigy, n. I'had ka'gapi. 
effort, n. Wokuwa ; ecoijutapi. 
effulgent, a. Wiyakpa. 
egg, n. Wi'tka. irt. Wi'tka oq 

kirjir) ; i'yopastaka. 
eggshell, w. Wi'tkaha. 
egotist, w. Ihdataijsa. 
egregious, a. Ihaqketa. 
egress, n. Oenape. 
eh, interj. Wai). 
eight, a. Sahdogai) ; Y. sakdo- 

gaij; T. saglogai). 
eighteen, a. Akesahdogai). 
eightfold, a. Sahdogai) akihde. 
eighth, a. 1. Isahdogai) : the eighth. 

2. Sahdogai) yuspapi waqzi : 

one eighth. 
eighty, a. Wikcemna sahdogai). 
either, a. 1. Uijmaijtukte sta : 

give me either one. 2. Sakim : 

trees on either side. 
either, conj. Uijmaijtukte kasta. 
ejaculate, vt. Ni'na eya. 
eject, vt. Taijkan iyayeya. 
eke, vt. Akaga ; okipata. 
elaborate, vt. Ka'ga. a. Oskiske 

ka'gapi. 
elapse, vi. Hiyaya ; owihaijke. 
elastic, a. Zigzica. n. Caijsiijzig- 

zica. 
elated, pa. Wi'yuskii). 
elbow, n. Ispaokihe ; ipaksai) ; 

ihupa kaai). vt. PaosMn ya. 
elder, a. Tokapa. n. 1. Huqkaya- 

pi ; hui)ka. 2. Ipapope caq ; 

caputahu. 
elder-berry, n. Caputa. 
elderly, a. Ehaqna. 
eldest, a. Tokapahca. 
elect, vt. Kahniga. a. Kahnigapi. 
election, n. Kaqsuiyofrpeyapi; wa- 

kahnigapi. 
elector, n. Kaijsxriyohpeya. 
electric, a. Wakaijhdi. 



embody 

electricity, n. Wakaijhdi. 
electrify, vt. Wakaqhdiiheya ; yu- 

hnaskiijyai). 
elegance, n. Wowaste. 
elegant, a. Wastehca. 
elegy, n. Aceyapi odowai). 
element, n. 1. O'kihe : one of the 

elements. 2. Wooijspe otokahe : 

elements of arithmetic. 
elementary, a. Otokahe. 
elephant, n. Putehaqska. 
elevate, vt. Waqkaniyeya ; yu- 

waste. 
elevated, pa. Yuwaqkantu. 
elevation, n. Waqkantu. 
eleven, a. Akewaijzi. 
elicit, a. Oyagkiya. 
eligible, a. Kahnihpica. 
eliminate, vt. Ehpeya. 
elite, n. Kahnjhwastepi. 
elk, n. (male) Heliaka ; (female), 

upam 
elipses, n. Yusnapi. 
elm, w. pe ; pecai) ; (Slippery elm) 

pe'tu'tupa. (Bock elm) f pe'ita- 

zipe. 
elocution, n. Woowohdake wooij- 
spe. 
elongate, vt. Yuhaijska. 
elope, vi. Nahmaijiyaye. 
eloquent, a. Wohdakawayapika. 
else, adv. 1. To'keca : what else 

have you ? 2. He'cece sni kirj- 

haij : else would I die. 
elsewhere, adv. Tukten to'keca. 
elucidate, vt. Iyoyamya. 
elude, vt. Hna'yaij. 
emaciated, a. Sta'ka. 
emancipate, vt. Kiyuska. 
embankment, n. Mayakagapi. 
embark, vi. Wa'ta o'pa. 
embarrass, vt. Inihaijya ; kagiya. 
embellish, vt. Yuwaste. 
ember, vt. Petaga. 
embezzle, vt. Ta'wasniuijjmanoi). 
embitter, vt. Waciijhiijyaijsya. 
emblem, n. Wowapetokeca. 
embody, vt. Ka'ga ; taqiijyaijhde. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



embolden 

embolden, vt. Yuwaditake. 
embrace, vt. Adoksoyuza ; o'pa. 
embroider, vt. Ipata. 
embroil, vt. En'ikoyagya. 
embryo, n. Su'cante. 
emerald, n. Ii)'yanto. 
emerf e, vi. Hinapa. 
emergency, n. Ihnuhai) to'keca. 
emetic, n. Onhde'papi. 
emigrant, n. Ihdagunpi. 
emigrate, vi. Ihdaka; oyate to'- 

keca ekta i'yotanka. 
eminence, n. Paha ; wokitaijii). 
eminent, cu Okitanii). 
eminently, adv. Wakapeya. 
emissary, n. Nanmai) yesipi. 
emission, n. Hiyuyapi. 
emit, vt. Hiyuya. 
emolument, n. Wokazuzu. 
emotion, n. Canteyuskanskan. 
emotional, a. Wacaijtiheyesa. 
emperor, n. Itancaijtanka. 
emphasis, n. Hoyanka. 
emphasize, vt. Nina eya. 
emphatic, a. Iyotai). 
empire, n. Oyate ; wokiconze. 
employ, vt. Wasi ; econsi ; ui). 
employee, n. Wowasi. 
employer, n. Wawicasi. 
employment, n. fitanipi ; wowasi. 
emporium, Ho'coka ; cante. 
empower, vt. Wowas'ake ku. 
empress, n. Wiij'yanitancai). 
emptiness, n. Ituuijpi ; ta'kusni. 
empty, a. Cokana ; T. kokala ; ta'- 

kuna en ui) sni ; ituya un. vt. 

Yucokadai) ; okastan ; ehpeya. 
emulate, vt. Iyecen ecoi). 
enable, vt. Okihiya. 
enact, vt. Ka'ga; ecoi). 
enactment, n. Wokage. 
enamel, n. Huhuska. 
enamour, vt. Awastedaye. 
encamp, vi. E'ti ; e'yotanke. 
encampment, n. Oeti. 
enchant, vt. Yuhnaskinyai). 
enchantment, n. Wohmunga. 
encircle, vt. Aohomniya. 



58 ' engender 

enclose, vt. Nataka ; apahta. 
enclosure, n. Acankaskapi. 
encomium, n. Woya waste. 
encompass,^. Aokibeya. 
encore, vt. Akihdedapi. 
encounter, vt. Akipa; i'tkokipa. 

n. I'tkokipapi ; kicizapi. 
encourage, vt. Was'agya; i'yopa- 

staka. 
encouragement, n. Wookiye. 
encroach, vi. Kiaya. 
encumber, vt. Kas'agya. 
encyclopedia, n. Woonspe siijto- 

mni oyaka. 
end, n. 1. Owihanke : the end of 

the road. 2. Wokuwa : marts 

chief end. 3. Iij'kpa ; ihanke : 

odds and ends. On end : bo- 

sdan. vt. Owihankeya; yustai). 
endanger, vt. Okokipekaga. 
endear, vt. Wastedaya. 
endeavor, vt. Econwacin ; akita. 
endless, a. Owihankewanica. 
endow, vt. Woyuha ki'cihde. 
endowment, n. Woyuhahde. 
endue, vt. Yuhekiya. 
endurance, n. Wakis'akapi. 
endure, vt. Iwakis'aka ; iwaciq- 

tanka. vi. Ecen han ; un. 
enduring, pa. Te'han un. 
endwise, adv. Ohanskeya. 
enemy, n. To'ka. 
energetic, a. Ohitika ; mdiheca. 
energy, n. Wowas'ake ; woohitika. 
enervate, vt. Was'akesniya. 
enfeeble, vt. Yusintin.. 
enforce, vt. Ecen ecoijkiya. 
enfranchise, vt. Ta'waiciya. 
engage, vt. Kici yustai) ; ku kta 

yustai) ; kici econ. vi. 1. Eya : 

she engaged to go. 2. Ecoi) ; 

kuwa : engage in trade. 
engaged, pa. 1. Yu'ze kta yustai)- 

pi : she is engaged. 2. Owanzi 

ui) sni ; kuwa : he is 

just now. 
engaging, pa. Wawiyutaijye. 
engender, vt. Ka'ga. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



engine 59 

engine, n. Icuwa ; nemani ; ma'- 
zayuhomni. 

engineer, n. Ma'zayuhomni awan- 
yaka. vt. Kuwa ; kicanye. 

English, n. Sagdasa; Wasicui). 
Do you speak English, Wasicui) 
iyaa he. 

engorge, vt. Akaska. 

engrave, vt. Bago. 

engraving, n. Wabagopi. 

engross, vt. 1. Wi'taya owa : en- 
gross the proceedings. 2. Ece- 
dan en un ; ozudanye : en- 
grossed his mind. 

engulf, vt. Napcaiyeya. 

enhance, vt. San 'pa ka'ga. 

enigma, n. Wowiyukcan tehike. 

enjoin, vt. Awacinsi. 

enjoy, vt. Iyuskii) ; awasteda ; on 
tanyai) un. 

enjoyment, n. Wowiyuskin ; wi'yu- 
skiijpi. 

enlarge, vt. Yutanka. vi. Tan/ka 
a'ya. 

enlargement, n. Tan/ka a'ye. 

enlighten, vt. Iyoyamya 

enlightened, pa. Ksapapi. 

enlist, vt. O'pekiya. vi. O'pa. 

enliven, vt. Yuhica ; mdihenya. 

enmity, n. Wowahtedasni. 

ennoble, vt. Yuwaste. 

enormity, n. Wotanka. 

enormous, a. Tan'kahca. 

enough, a. Iyenakeca ; o'ta : bread 
enough, adv. Iyehanyai);ni'na; 
ki'tanna. 

enraged, -pa. Canniyan. 

enraptured, pa. Mde'zesni. 

enrich, vt. Wi'zinya ; yuwaste. 

enroll, vt. Cazeowa. 

ensign, n. Wa'paha. 

enslave, vt. Wowidake ka'ga. 

ensnare, vt. Hmunka. 

ensue, vt. Kuwaaya. 

entail, vt. E'yahpeya. 

entangle, vt. Hmun'ka ; kaska. 

enter, vt. 1. En ya : enter the 
house. 2. En owa: enter his name. 



equal 



enterprise, n. Wicohan omdihe- 

capi. 
enterprising, pa. Mdiheca. 
entertain, vt. 1. Magagaya : enter- 
tain with stories. 2. Woku; tai)- 

yan kuwa : entertain strangers. 

3. En e'wacin : entertain his 

proposals. 
entertaining, pa. Onahonwaste. 
entertainment, n. Kicicopi. 
enthrone, vt. Itancanka'ga. 
enthusiast, n. Ohaqdita. 
enthusiastic, a. Wastedaskan. 
entice, vt. Iyutanye. 
entire, a. Ocowasin ; a'taya. 
entirely, adv. A'taya. 
entitle, vt. On caze ku'pi. 
entomb, vt. Maka en e'hnaka. 
entrails, n. dupe. 
en trance, n. Tiyopa ; oenape ; en 

ya'pi. 
entrance, vt. Wi'hanmnakiya. 
entreat, vt. Ce'kiya. 
entreaty, n. Wacekiyapi. 
entrench, vt. Wowinape ka'pi. 
entrenchment, n. Makakapi. 
entrust, vt. Awanyagkiya. 
entry, n. En ya ; en owa ; tiyopa ; 

timahen ocanku. 
entwine, vt. Yuwi. 
enumerate, vt. To'nakecayawa. 
enunciate, vt. Hoenapeya. 
envelope, vt. Iyapehan ; akahpa. 

n. Wowapiozuha. 
envious, a. Wi'nawizi. 
environment, n. Ta'ku o'ksan un. 
envy, n. Wowinawizi. vt. Nawizi. 
epaulet, n. Hiyetebohciunpi. 
epidemic, n. Woyazai) a'taya 

iyaye. 
Episcopal Church, n. Ska'in Oko- 

dakiciye ; Cuwiknakeska. 
episode, n. Woakipa. 
epistle, n. Wowapi. 
epithet, n. Wocaze. 
epoch, n. Anpetu. 
equal, a. 1. I'akidececapi : of 

equal strength. 2. 1'akidehantu; 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



equality 

o'wanzina : equal temperature. 

3. Iyehan ; okihi : he is equal 

to the task. vt. Iyehan un; 

iyehan econ : no one can equal 

God. Tico and two equal four, 

non/pa qa non/pa hecen to'pa. 
equality, n. 1. I'akidececagi : 

equality of weight. 2. Omdaye. 
equalize, vt. I'akidecen ka'ga. 
equally, adv. A'kidecenya. 
equanimity, n. Tawacin mda'ya. 
eqnator, n. Wi'ocanku. 
equestrian, a. Sungakanun. 
equi-, pref. I'akidehantu. 
equilateral, a. Guwiakidececa. 
equinox, n. An 'pa hanhepi iye- 

hantu. 
equip, n. Koyagya; yuwiyeya; 

ta'ku yuhekiya. 
equipment, n. Icuwa. 
equitable, a. Owotanna. 
equity, n. Woowotaijna. 
equivalent, a. Kici iyececa. 
equivocal, a. To'ketu taniq sni. 
era, n. O'maka ; woyawa. 
eradicate, vt Yuzun ehpeya. 
erase, vt. Pazuzu. 
eraser, n. Ipazuzu. 
ere, prep. I'tokam. 
erect, a. Bosdan ; T, woslal ; atiij- 

yan ; both), vt. E'hde. 
erection, n. E'hdepi. 
erelong, adv. Ecadan. 
ermine, n. Hitunkasai). 
err, vi. Yusna ; nu'ni ; wahtani. 
errand, n. Wahosiyapi ; ta'ku hu- 

weyapi. 
erratic, a. Wi'cisniyai) ya. 
erroneous, a. He'cetusni. 
error, n. Woyusna ; nu'nipi. 
erudite, a. Waonspehca. 
eruption, n. Ahinapapi ; bobdu 

hiyuya; pom'hiyu. 
escape, vi. Iyaya; nazica. vt 

Etanhai) ihduspe ; ececesni. 
eschew, rt, t Ecoqsni. 
escort, vt. Kiciya ; awaijyaka. 
especial, a. I'atayedai). 



60 even 

espouse, vt Yu'zekta yustaijpL 
espy, vt Waijyagiheya. 
essay, n. Iwohdag wowapi. 
essence, n. Co ; miniwastemna. 
essential, a. E'ehca ; itancan. 
establish, vt Sutaya e'hde. 
establishment, u. Sutaya e'hdepi ; 

tipi ko hde'pi. 
estate, n. Woyuhaataya ; wicasta 

ta tawoyuha ; oun. 
esteem, vt, Yawa ; -da. I esteem 

him well, tai)yai)wada. n. Wo- 

wastedapi ; yuonihaijpi. 
estimable, a. Yuonihai)pica. 
estimate, vt, Yawa; iyukcai). n. 

Wowiyukcai). 
estimation, n Wi'yukcaijpi; woyn- 

onihai). 
estrange, vt Watokaye ; yutokai) . 
eternal, a. O'hinnini. 
eternity, n. Owihanke wanica. 
Ethiopian, n. Ha'sapa. 
etiquette, n. Yuonihaq wicohaij. 
eucharist, n. Wotapiwakai). 
eulogize, vt. Yawaste. 
eulogy, n. Woyawaste. 
eunuch, n. Wicasta susu wanica. 
euphony, n. Oeyewaste. 
eureka, excl, Iyewaya. 
evacuate, vt Etanhai) iyaya ; 

iheya. 
evade, vt Napa; yuspicasni; icun- 

om ia. 
evanesce, vi. Ske'pa. 
evangelical, a. Wotanin Waste ; 

Jesus oie ohna. 
evangelist, n. Wotanin Waste 

oyaka. 
evangelize, vt. Wotanin Waste 

oijspekiya. 
evaporate, vi. Ske'pa; taijiijsni. 

vt Yuskepa ; kapuza ; pusya. 
evasion, n. Napapi ; yatokecapi. 
eve, n. Ahtayetu; i'tokam hta- 

yetu ; htayetu. 
even, vt, Yumdaya; yuotkoijza. 

a. 1. Mda'ya; o'wanzidai). 2. 

O'tkoqza : even numbers, adv. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



evening 

1. Kaes: even he. 2. Hehan- 

yan sta : even to death. 
evening, n. fttayetu. 
evenly, adv. Mda'yena. 
event, n. Woecon ; woyustan. 
eventful, a. Woakipa o'ta; tan'ka. 
eventless, a. Ta'ku cazeyanpica 

wanica. 
eventually, adv. Un'hanketa. 
ever, adv. 1. To'hiijni ; ce'e : do 

you ever dance. 2. O'hinni : he 

is ever the same. 
evergreen, a. O'hinnito. 
everlasting, a. Owihankewanica. 
evermore, a. O'hinniyan. 
every, a. Iyohi; owasin. Every 

now and then, icizehan. — Every 

one. iyohi ; owasin. 
everybody, n. Owasii). 
everything, n. Ta'ku owasii). 
everywhere, adv. O'wancaya. 
evidence, n. Woyataijii). 
evident, a. Okitan.ii) ; taijin. 
evidently, adv. Taninyai). 
evil, a. Si'ca ; wayusica : evil 

deeds, n. Ta'ku si'ca ; wosiea. 
evince, vt. Yutaijin.. 
evoke, vt. Kico. 
evolution, n. Yuzamnipi. 
evolve, vt. Yuzamni. 
ewe, w. Ta'hcasunka wi'ye. 
ex-, pref. He'kta : ex-President, 
ex, prep. On etanhan. 
exact, a. Iyecetuhca ; hehantuhea; 

owotannahea ecoi). vt. Waki- 

tanicu; tehiyakuwa. 
exacting, pa. Wakitai). 
exactly, adv. Hecetuhca. 
exactness, a. Owotaijnapi. 
exaggerate, vt. Aokaga. 
exalt, vt. Yuwankantuya. 
exalted, pa. Wankantuya. 
examination, n. Wi'waijgapi. 
examine, trf. Iwanga. 
example, n. Iwanyag ecoijpi ; to'- 

keca pazopi. 
exasperate, vt. Canzeya. 
excavate, vt. Oka ; ohdogya. 



61 exhibit 



excavation, n. Okapi ; ohdoka. 

exceed, vt. Kapeya ; i'sam ya. 

exceeding, a. San 'pa; iyotan. 

excel, vt. Kapa ; sam ya. 

excellence, n. Wakapa. 

excellent, a. Ni'na waste. 

except, vt. O'pekiyesni : he ex- 
cepted children, prep. Tuka ; 
tuka he o'pe sni : all except one. 
conj. Kinhai) ; ehantaijhai) : ex- 
cept you work. 

exception, n. Wanzi to'keca. 

exceptionable, a. Iyecetusni. 

exceptional, a. To'keca. 

excess, n. Iyecetu i'sanpa ; iyaye 

exchange, vt. Tokiyopeya. 

excitable, a. Kohan. mde'zesni. 

excite, vt. Yumdezesni. 

excitement, n. Mde'zapisni ; ni'na 
skan/pi. 

exciting, pa. Wayuhice. 

exclaim, vt. Ni'na eya. 

exclamation, n. Pan 'pan iapi. 

exclude, vt. O'pesniya. 

exclusion, n. O'pesniyapi. 

eclusive, a. Isnaicidapi. 

excommunicate, vt. fieyata iyeya. 

excruciating, pa. Ni'na yazanpi. 

exculpate, vt. Yasicapisni. 

excursion, n. Skan'yapi. 

excusable, a. Iyowinyepica. 

excuse, vt. Iyowinyan. w. On iyo- 
winyanpi kta iyececa. 

execrable, a. Ni'na si'ca. 

execute, vi. Teya ; ecen yustan. 

executive, n. Wayustai). a. Wae- 
con. 

exemplary, a. Yuwastepica. 

exemplify, vt. Iyecen pazo. 

exempt, a. O'pasni. 

exercise, vt. Skin'ciya ; icicuwa; 
un. n. Woecon ; un'pi. 

exert, vt. Un ; ka'ga ; aiciciya. 

exertion, n. Un'pi; woecon. 

exhale, vt. Poh'iyeya ; hiyuya. 

exhaust, vt. Yusota; yuwas'akesni. 

exhaustless, a. Yusonpicasni. 

exhibit, vt. Pazo. n. Pazopi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



exhibition 

exhibition, n. Wapazopi. 
exhilarate, vt. Yuwihaha. 
exhort, vt. Wahokoijkiya ; i'yapa- 

staka. 
exhortation, n. Wowahokoijkiye. 
exhorter, n. Wahokogkiya. 
exhume, vt. Oka ; yutaijii). 
exigency, n. Woteni. 
exile, vt. Napeya. n. Onazica. 
exist, vi. Ecenun ; ni ; yanka. 
existence, n. Ni'uijpi. 
exit, n. Tokai) ya'pi. 
exodus, n. Hdinapapi. 
exonerate, vt. Kiyuska. 
exorbitant, a. Aokageca. 
expand, vt. Yutanka; yumdaya. 

vi. Tan/kaaya. 
expanse, n. Oyumdaye. 
expatiate, vi. Tan/kaya ia. 
expatriate, vt. Makoce ta'wa etaij- 

hai) napeya. 
expect, vt. Awacii) un ; akipe. 
expectorate, vt. Kaspa. 
expedient, a. Iyececa ; owastekta. 

n. Woecon. 
expedite, vt. Inahniya. 
expedition, n. Wicomani. 
expeditious, a. Ohanko. 
expel, vt. Iyayeya. 
expend, vt. Yusota ; ku. 
expenditure, n. Yusotapi. 
expense, n. Woyusota ; woyusna. 
expensive, a. Teliika; ma'zaska 

o'ta yusota. 
experience, vt. Sdonya. n. Wo- 
ecoi) on sdonyapi; ohai). 
experiment, n. Sdonyapi kta or) 

econpi. 
expert', a. Wayupika. 
expert, n. Tu'we wayupika 
expiate, vt. Kakis'ya kazuzu. 
expiration, n. Owihanke. 
expire, vi. Niya hiyuya ; t& ; owi- 

haijke. 
explain, vt. To'ketu oyaka. 
explanation, n. Woyaka. 
explode, vt. Napomya. vi. Napo- 

pa; atakunisni. 



62 exuberance 



exploit, n. Woecon. 
exploration, n. Waodeomanipi. 
explore, vt. Waode. 
explorer, n. Tu'we waode. 
explosion, n. Wanapomyapi. 
exponent, n. To'ketu oyaka. 
export, vt. Yeya ; makoce to'keea 

ekta yeya. n. Ta'ku yeyapi. 
expose, vt. Yutanii). 
exposition, n. Wapazopi ; oya- 

kapi. 
expostulate, vi. Iyokisni. 
expound, vt. Oyaka. 
express, vt. Yatanii) ; yeya. a. Ka- 

tiijyan. n. Owatoksu suta. 
expression, n. Iapi. 
expressive, a. Yatins eyapi. 
expressly, adv. Taqinyai) nca. 
expulsion, n. Enpeyapi. 
expunge, vt. Pazuzu. 
expurgate, vt. Pakhjta. 
exquisite, a. Yucoya ka'gapi. 
extant, a. Yukaq. 
extemporaneous, a. Yukseknag. 
extend, vt. Yuhanska ; yeya. 
extension, n. Yuhanskapi. 
extensive, a. Taij'ka. 
extent, n. Tohaijyai) yeya. 
extenuate, vt. Yuaokpani. 
exterior, a. Akapataijhan. 
exterminate, vt. A'taya ihangya. 
external, a. Akantanhan,. 
extinct, a. Sni ; wanna wanica. 
extinguish, vt. Kasni ; yuzuzu. 
extirpate, vt. Yuzun ehpeya. 
extol, vt. Yawankantu. 
extort, vt. Ki ; yus icu. 
extortion, w; Wicadasni ki'pi. 
extra, a. Iyaye ; kapeya. 
extra-, pref. I'saijpa. 
extract', v. Icu. 
ex tract, n. Ta'ku icupi. 
extraordinary, a. Iyotai). 
extravagance, n. Wayusotapi. 
extravagant, a. Wayusotesa. 
extreme, a. Ihaijketa. 
extricate, trf. Yusduta; icu. 
exuberance, n. Wowizica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



exuberant 

exuberant, a. Pan'ga. 

exult, vt. Ni'na iyuskii). 

exultation, n. Wi'yuskiijpi. 

eye, n. Ista. The human eye, wi- 
cista. — The needle's eye, tahii)- 
spa ohdoka. vt. Wanyaka. 

eyeball, n. Istapsunka ; istasu. 

eyebrow, n. Istahehiij. 



63 falsity 

eyeglass, n. Istamaza ; istazanzan.. 
eyelash, n. Istahepehin. 
eyeless, a. Ista wanica. 
eyelet, n. Hahontaohdoka. 
eyelid, n. Istozuha. 
eyesight, n. Wi'wanyake. 
eyesore, n. Waijyakapisica. 
eye-witness, n. Ista oi) waijyaka. 



fable, n. Ohuijkakai). 

fabric, n. Wakazorjtapi. 

fabricate, vt. Ka'ga. 

fabulous, a. Kakaijpi. 

face, n. Ite ; i'toye ; omdaye. vt. 
Iteayuta; i'tkokipa; opapoi]- 
kaga. Make faces, itesinkiya. 
— The face of a moccasin, han- 
pitake. — Face up, itunkam. — 
Worth its face, owapi iyecen 
waste. 

facetious, a. Wawihaye. 

facilitate, vt. Ecadan okihiya. 

facility, n. Wookihi ; wayupikapi. 

fact, n. Ta'kuhecetu ; wowicake. 

faction, n. Ospaye. 

factious, a. Wanahonsni. » 

factor, n. Ka'ge wanzi. 

factory, n. Wokagetipi. 

faculty, n. Oi) wasdonyapi; wa- 
onspekiya. 

fad, n. Wowimdeza. 

fade, vi. San a'ya ; taijiijsni. 

fagot, n. Caijhakaopahte. 

fail, vi. Okihisni ; sni. 

failure, n. Okihisni ; wanica. 

fain, a. Iyowinyaij; cii). 

faint, vi. J£iksuyesni ; hu'staka. 
a. Wasakesni; iwastena. 

faint-hearted, a. Can wan ka. 

faintly, adv. Iwastedan. 

fair, a. 1. Ukaska : fair com- 
plexion. 2. Zi : fair hair. 3. 
Kasota ; owastecaka : a fair 
day. 4. Ki'taijna waste : fair 



crops. 5. Owotanna : fair in 
his dealings. 6. Waste : a fair 
name. n. Wapazopi. 

falriy, adv. Ki'tanna. 

fairness, n. Woowotanna. 

fairy, fairies, n. Wanagi. 

faith, n. Wacinyaqpi ; wicadapi ; 
wowacinye ; wowicada. 

faithful, a. Wacinyepica ; wicaka. 

faithfully, adv. Tanyan; wica- 
keya. 

faithfulness, n. Wowicake. 

faithless, a. Wacinyepicasni. 

fake, n. Wohnaye. 

fall, fell, vi. Hinhpaya ; kun ya ; 
wankahan. He fell back, he'kta 
iyaya. — Fall'in with, kici akipe. 
Fall out with, kici akinica. — 
Fall through, ohna hinhpaya ; 
ecetu sni. n. 1. Hinhpaye : a 
hard fall. 2. Ptanyetu : next 
fall. 3. Minihinhe ; haha. 

fallacious, a. He'cetusni. 

fallacy, w. Wohnaye. 

fallen, pa. Hinhpaya. 

fallible, a. Nu'nipica. 

falling, pa. Kun ya ; hinhpaya. 

fallow, a. Ozupisni. 

false, a. Wohnaye ; wicakesni. 
False teeth, hi o'stanpi. 

falsehood, n. Woitoqsni ; wo- 
hnaye. 

falsely, adv. Wicakesniyan. 

falsify, vt. Yuwicakesni. 

falsity, n. Wowicakesni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



falter 

falter, vt. Ya&nasnaia; nieahan. 
fame, n. Wokitaijii); wacazeya- 

tapi. 
familiar, a. Tanyaijsdonya. 
familiarly, adv. A'witukadai). 
familiarity, n. Tanyansdonyapi. 
family, n. Tiwahe ; tiohnake ; wi- 

cowazi; wicobe. 
famine, n. WicaaMnan ; wanica. 
famish, vi. Alrihai) ; hu'staka. 
famous, a. Okitanh). 
famously, adv. Okitaginjai) ; ni'na 

tanyai). 
fan, n. Icadu. vt. Kaduga. 
fanatic, n. Wi'yukcansni skan. 
fanciful, a. Itayacii). 
fancy, fancied, vt. Ecii) ; wi'haij- 

mna. n. Wowiyukcai) ; woi- 

hanmde. a. Wayuco ka'gapi; 

wi'hanmnapi se : wayupika. 
fang, n. Hi'pesto ; ninske. 
tanning-mill, n. Aguyapi icadu. 
fantastic, a. Onanhanhai). 
far, a. & adv. 1. Te'han; te'hantu: 

far distant; a far country. 2. 

Ni'na : far different. As far as, 

hehanyai). — By far, iyotai). — 

Far and wide, tan/kaya. — Far 

apart, i'citehan. — In so far as, 

tohaijyaxj. 
farce, n. Ta'kusni. 
fare, n. 1. Icazuzu : what is the 

fare. 2. Oun ; owote : nice fare. 

vi. Un ; wota. 
farewell, a. & interj. Ehakeiapi : 

farewell words. 
far-famed, a. Tan/kayaotaijii). 
far-fetched, a. Te'hanahipi. 
farm, n. Owozumakoce. vt. Wo- 

zu ; wozuti ; kicanyekiya. 
farmer, n. Wozuwicasta. 
farrow, a. Ihdusakesni. 
farsighted, a. Te'han wanyaka. 
farther, a. San/patehan ; ako. 
farthest, a. Iyotantehan. 
farthing, n. Ma'zasanaokise. 
fascinate, vt. Hna'yan ; yuhna- 

skinyai). 



64 favor 

fashion, n. To'ken oiyokipi da'pi ; 

wi'tantaijpi. vt. Ka'ga. 
fashionable, a. Wi'taijtai). 
fast, a. 1. Du'zahan ; ofranko : a 

fast horse. 2. Ske'he ; witko- 

tkoka : a fast boy. 2. Suta ; 

yuzuzupi teMke; a fast friend; 

fast colors, adv. 1. Dus ; ohan- 

koya : walk fast. 2. Sutaya ; 

ni'na : fast asleep, vi. Akihan- 

iciya ; wotesni un. n. Akiban- 

iciyapi. 
fasten, vt. Ikoyagya ; nataka ; su- 

taka'ga. 
fastening, n. Inatake. 
fastidious, a. Wacinhiijyanza. 
fasting, n. Wote&niunpi. 
fastness, n. Wosuta; con'kaske. 
fat, a. Ce'pa; zi'ca. n. Sii). 
fatal, a. On \e kta ; on ta'pi. 
fate, n. Wokonze ; owihaijke. 
father, n. Atkuku; ate. My 

father, ate. — Your father, ni- 

yate. — His fattier, atkuku. vt. 

Ta'waya; ateya. 
fatherhood, n. Ateyapi. 
father-in-law, n. Tunkai) ; tunkan- 

6i. Your father-in-law, nitun- 

kaq. — His father-in-law, tun- 

kanku. 
fatherland, n. Makoce en wica- 

tonpi. 
fatherless, a. Atkuku wanica. 
fatherly, a. Atkuku iyececa. 
fathom, n. Akatinpi. vt. Sbe 

iyuta ; sicu ode. 
fatigue, vt. Watukaye; mdo'ki- 

teya. n. "Watukapi. 
fatigued, pa. Watuka. 
fatness, n. Wasin ; wocepa. 
fatten, n. Cemya. 
fatty, a. Ce'pa. 
fault, n. Woyusna ; osnaze. 
faultfinder, n. Wayaskiska. 
faultless, a. Tuktena si'cesni. 
faulty, a. Onspaspa dica. 
favor, vt. 1. O'kiya; on/sida : he 

favors tlw younger. 2. Owaijg- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



favorable 65 



fend 



ya : the boy favors his mother. 

n. Waokiyapi ; wowaonsida ; 

woitunai) ; wowapi kicicupi. 

I beg one favor, wowaonsida 

wanzi cicida. — Your favor of 

Jan. 1st is received, Jan. 1st 

wowapi yakaga iwacu. 
favorable, a. Iyecetu ; iyokipi. 
favorite, a. Tehinda ; wasteda. 
favoritism, n. Sanina o'kiyapi. 
fawn, vt. Kihnahna. n. Tacin- 

cadan. 
fear, vt. Kokipa; ikopa. n. Wa- 

kokipapi; ahokipapi. 
fearful, a. 1. Wakokipa : a fear- 

ful rabbit. 2. Okokipe : a fear- 

ful storm. 
fearless, a. Ta'kukokipesni. 
feasable, a. Econpica. 
feast, n. Kicicopi. vt. Won'kiya ; 

wi'piya. 
feat, n. Woecoi) tan/ka. 
feather, n. Magahii) ; sun ; wi'ya- 

ka. vi. Hin uya. 
feathered, a. Hin ynkan. 
feature, n. Itohnake. 
February, n. Wicatawi. 
federal, a. Odakonkiciyapi. 

fed, imp. of feed. 

fee, n. Wokazuzu ; wi'si. vt. Ka- 
znzu ; wi'si ku. 

feeble, a. Was'akesni ; sintii). 

feebly, adv. Iwagtena. 

feed, vt. Woku ; yunkiya. vi. Wo- 

ta; winai). n. Woyute; owote. 
feeding, n. Woku ; mahen iyeya ; 

owinan. 
feel, felt, vt. Yutaij; icaMaka; 

sdonya. vi. 1. Hda : I feel cold. 

2. Ececa : feel better. 3. Canti- 

yapa : feel for the oppressed. 

Feel like, canteyuza. — Feel sure, 

tanyan sdonya. — How do you 

feel, tonikeca he. 
feeler, n. On yutanpi; putehiij. 
feeling, pa. Waoijsida ; waciniyo- 

yaka. n. Caijteoyuze. 
heUpl of foot. I 



feign, vt. Kon'za. 
feint, n. Kons ecoijpi. 
felicitous, a. Oiyokipi. 
felicitously, adv. Yupiya. 
felicity, n. Woiyokipi. 
fell, imp. of fall. 
fell, vt. Kawanka. a. Ocinsica. 
fellow, n. Tu'we ; kicioa. 
fellowship, n. Kodayapi ; kicioapi. 

vt. Kodaya. 
felon, n. i. Woopekicaksa. 2. Na- 

psukaza hu ekta tonye. 
felt, imp. of feel. 
felt, n. Hin i'ciyaskapa. 
female, a. &n. Win'yan; (of ani- 
mals) wi'ye. 
feminine, a. Win/yai). 
fen, n. Wiwi. 
fence, n. Con/kaske. vt. Acan- 

kaska; nataka. 
fend, vt. Eakamiyeya. 
ferment, vi. Tageicaga ; napogan ; 

sku'ya. n. HnasMnyanpise. 
fern, n. Hinhantonwai). 
ferocious, a. Wohitika. 
ferret, vt. Kihdega; oyuspa. n. 

Hituijkasan. 
ferriage, n. Iyuwenwicayapi. 
ferry, n. Wa'taoiyuwega. vi. Iyu- 

wega. vt. Iyuwenkiya. 
fertile, a. Waicahya ; wi'yukcai). 
fertility, n. Waicage. 
fertilize, vt. Waicage ka'ga. 
fervency, n. Wokata. 
fervent, a. Ka'ta ; wayuMca. 
fervor, n. Wokata. 
festal, a. Wi'yuskin. 
fester, vi. Tonye ; kukaaya. 
festival, n. & a. Wi'yuskinpi ; ska'- 

tapi. 
festivity, n. Wowiyuskin. 
festoon, n. Eaozezeyapi. 
fetch, vt. Au ; iyokihi. 
fetid, a. &icamna. 
fetlock, n. Iskahuhin. 
fetter, vt. Kaska. n. Wi'caske; 

wokagi. 
feud, n. Woakinica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



fever 66 

lever, ft. Wokata; tancankatapi 

woyazai). 
feverish, a. Ka'ta. 
few, a. To'nana ; Y. co'nana ; T. 

co'nala. 
fib, a. Woitonsni. 
fickle, a. Hahadai). 
fiction, n. Wakankanpi. 
fictitious, a. Wicakesni. 
fiddle, ft. Gai)paMi)zapi. 
fidelity, w. Wowicake. 
fidgety, a. Owanziunsni. 
fie, interj. Hoh. 
field, ft. Ma'ga ; wozupi ; owozu ; 

oskiijciye. 
fiend, ft. Wakaijsica. 
fierce, a. Wohitika. 
fiery, a. Idese ; ka'ta. 
fife, ft. Akicita tacotanka. 
fifteen, a. Akezaptan. 
fifth, a. Izaptai). 
fifty, a. Wikcemnazaptai). 
fig, ft. Waskuyecasuota. 
fight, fought, vt Ki'za ; kiciza ; kiei 

ecoi). ft. Okicize. 
fighter, w. Kicisohitika. 
figurative, a. Wi'yacinpi. 
figure, vt. Yawa; owa. vi. Wa- 

yawa. ft. Owapi; wayawapi; 

tancai); wi'yach)pi. 
figured, pa. Owapi; hde'ga. 
filch, vt. Manoi). 
file, ft. 1. Mazipabe. 2. I'cipa- 

tkuh e'nazii). vt. Pamai); ki- 

hnaka ; makoce akan caze 

owa. 
filial, a. Wicacinca. 
fill, vt. Ozuya ; ozutoi) ; wi'piya ; 

ohnaelinaka. 
fillet, ft. Ipahte. 
filly, ft. Sungwiyedai). 
film, ft. Aogi ; ha. 
filter, vt. Puskepa. 
filth, ft. Ta'kusica. 
filthy, a. Sa'pa ; si'ca. 
fin, ft. Hogaijape. 
final, a. Ehake. 
finally, adv. 1. Un'haijketa : finally 



first-fruit 

J succeeded. 2. Ehake : finally 

I say. 
finance, n. Ma'zaskaokicanye. 
financial, a. Ma zaskaorj. 
find, found, vt. Iyeya ; ehani ; ihni ; 

sdonya. 
finding, w. Iyeyapi ; yasupi. 
fine, a. I. Waste; wayupika; owa- 

stecaka; oiyokipi. 2. Ci'stinna; 

sbu'na; kpan'na; zizipena. vt. 

Wayusica kazuzukiyapi. ft. 

Wokazuzu. 
finely, adv. Oiyokipiya. 
fineness, n. Wowaste. 
finery, n. Onitanpi. 
finger, n. Napsukaza; nape. vt 

Yutantan. 
finger-ring, n. Ma'zanapcupe ; Y. 

napsiohdi; T. napsiohli. 
finish* vt. Yustai) ; ihuqni. 
finite, a. Ihaqkeyukaq. 
finny, a. Ho'apeyukan. 
fir, ft. Wazisinota. 
fire, ft. 1. Pe'ta ; oide : make a 

fire. 2. Ma'zakai) utapi. vt 

1. Ideya : fire the hay. 2. Ma'- 
zakai) ecoi) : fire the cannon. 
firearm, n. Ma'zakai). 
firebrand, ft. Petuspa. 
firecracker, n. Napobyapi. 
firefly, n. Wanyeca. 
fireman, n. Pe'takuwa. 
fireplace, n. Ikceoceti. 
fireproof, a. Ideyepicasni. 
fireside, ft. Petkahda. 
firesteel, n. Canka. 
firewood, ft. Can'aonpi. 
firm, a. Suta; tin'za. w. Woecon 

okodakiciye. 
firmament, n. Okotonyan. 
firmly, adv. Sutaya. 
firmness, n. Wosuta. 
first, a. & adv. Tokaheya ; Y. To- 

keya; tokapa. 
first-begotten, a. Tokaheya icaga. 
first-born, a. Tokapa. 
first-class, a. Iyotai) waste. 
first-fruit, ft. Tokaicage. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



first-hand 



first-hand, a. Toka-yuha. 
firstling, a. Tokaheyatoijpi. 
firstly, adv. Tokaheya. 
first-rate, a. Ni'nawaste. 
fish,n. Hogan. vt. Hokuwa; ho'- 

psica ; kuwa. Fish out, yusdu- 

ta; yuze. 
fish-bone, Hogai) hu. 
fisher, n. Skeca ; hokuwa. 
fisherman, n. Hokuwa wicasa. 
fishery, n. Hokuwapi. 
fish-hawk, n. Zozoka. 
fish-hook, n. Cakiyuhuge ; hoiyu- 

psice. 
fish-net, n. Ho ; ho wi'yuze. 
flshscales, n. Hocespu. 
fishy, a. Hogaqse ; hmun'za. 
fissure, n. Oko ; onasdeca. 
fist, n. Napeyupsuijka. 
fit, a. Iyeoeca ; iyecetu ; he'cetu. 

vi. Kipi ; iyecetu : the dress fits 

well. vt. Kipi ka'ga ; ecetuya ; 

iyokipiya. n. Hnaskiijyaijpi ; 

kiksuye&ni; inahni ni'na ece- 

capi. 
fitful, a. Hahayedai) akaijpi. 
fitly, adv. Tanya!) . 
fitness, n. Woiyecetu. 
fitting, n. Kipikaga. 
five, a. Za'ptai). 
fix, vt. 1. Piya : fix tlxe broken 

wheel. 2. Tanyaij e'hnaka : fix 

the room up. 3. E'hde; suta 

ka'ga: fix your eyes on me. n. To'- 

ketu tanii) sni : Vm in a fix. 
fixed, j?a. Piyapi; sutayahan. 
fixings, n. Oi) 'piyapi. 
fixture, n. Ta'ku ikoyaghdepi. 
fizz, vi. Sdi. 

fizzle, vi. Ecacaokihi sni. 
flabby, a. Dehdega. 
flag, n. 1. Wi'yokihedan ; Y.&T. 

wowapi. 2. Peziapemdaska. vt. 

Minihuhakoza : flag the train. 

vi. Hun/kesni aya. 
flagon, n. Wiyokastai). 
flagstone, n. In'yaijTidaska. 
flagrant, a. Taijii) ; ni'na si'ca. 



67 fleet 

flail, vt. Apa. n. Wi'bopan. 
flake, n. Wokpan ; waokpe. 
flame, n. Oide; idesasa; wocai)- 

tahde. 
flaming, pa. Ide ; wohitika. 
Fiandreau, n. Wakpaipaksai). 
fiange, n. Tete. 
flank, n. Nigute ; cecuste ; T. La- 

gute. vt. Aohomniya. 
flannel, n. Powayedai). 
flap, vt. Apa; hupahu oi) apa. 

vi. Ko'za. n. Ape. 
fiare, vi. Iyega. 
flaring, pa. Wiyakpa; itaijka. 
flash, vt. Yuwiyakpa ; kohaijyeya. 

vi. Wiyakpa hinhda; dus'hi- 

yaya. n. Sa'hiijhda. 
flashy, a. Kpa'kpa ; ihapise. 
flask, n. 2ai)zanmdaska; cahdi- 

ozuha. 
flat, a. 1. Mdaska : a flat stone. 

2. Mdaya : a flat country. 3. 

Ihukuya : a flat note. vt. Yti- 

hukuya; yumdaya. n. Mako- 

mdaya; ta'ku mdaska; ti pi 

owanka. adv. Mdaskaya. 
Flathead, n. Natamdeca. 
flatiron, n. Wi'pamdaye. 
flatly, adv. A'wicakeya. 
flatten, t;f. Yumdaska. 
flatter, vt. Ecayawaste. 
flatterer, n. Iskuya. 
flaunt, vt. Ko'za; ihda*an. 
flavor, n. Ecamna ; utapi. vt. Wa- 

stemnaya ; sku'yeya. 
flaw, n. Orjspa si'ca ; osnaze. 
flax, n. Hahoijtahu. 
flaxen, a. Zizi. 
flaxseed, n. Hahontahusu. 
flea,n. Ha; T. hala. 
fled, imp. of flee. 
fledged, a. Kihipi. 
fledgling, a. £izi. 
flee, fled, vi. Nazica. 
fleece, n. Ta'hcaska bin ; hin ; hii) 

okasda waqzi. vt. Ki. 
fleet, a. Du'zahai). n. Wi'tawata 

optaye. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



fleeting 

fleeting, pa. Ohankohiyaya. 

flesh, n. Conica ; cehpi ; tado. 

fleshly, a. Wicacehpi. 

fleshy, a. Cenpitanka; oe'pa. 

flew, imp. of ply. 

flexible, a. Swin&winzedai). 

flicker, vi. Tan in in. 

flier, ». Ta'kukinyan. 

files, n. pi. of fly, honagidan. 

flies, vi. 3d p. sing, of ply. 

flight, ». Wonaiice ; kin y an pi. 

flighty, a. Ske'he. 

flimsy, a. Zigzica ; ta'kusni. 

flinch, vi. Napa. 

fllnder, w. Wokpe. 

fling, flung, vt. Kanoiyeya. w. Oka- 

noiyeyapi. 
flint, n. Waijhi. 
flinty, a. Wanhise ; ni'nasuta. 
flippant, a. Awacinani; ske'he. 
flirt, vt. Kahoiyeya; kiskata. n. 

Win 'y an skatesa. 
flit, vi. Dus hiyaye ; kinyan. 
float, vi. O'kapota ; o'kanboka. 

vt. O'kaponya ; iyayeya. 
flock, w. Optayej obe. vi. Wi'- 

taya hiyu ; mni'ciya. 
flog, vt. Kapsinpsinta ; apa. 
flogging, w. Kapsinpsintapi. 
flood, ft. Minitai) ; o'ta. vt. Amni- 

floor, ft. Owanka ; canmdaska 
owinza. vt. Owinzakaga ; kun 
enpeya. 

flooring, ft. Owinza canmdaska. 

flop, vt. Kaskapa ; ko'za. 

florid, a. 3a ; sasa. 

florist, ft. Wahcakicanye. 

flossy, a. Panpanna. 

flounder, vi. Kanono iyeiciya. 

flour, ft. Aguyapi ; ta'ku mdu. 

flour-mill, m. Wokpantipi. 

flourish, w. Taqyan icaga; tanyai) 
waijka: crops flourish. 2. Ka- 
noho&kan : he flourished around, 
vt. Ko'za : he flourished his 
whip. ft. Eoskosya owapi ; ko'- 
zapi. 



68 foist 



flow, vt. Eaduza; uya; bomdu. 
». Hiyupi. 

flower, «. 1. Wanca : red flowers. 
2. Tona iyotan waste : the 
flower of tite army. vi. flea. 

flowing, pa. Kaduza. 

flown, pp. of PLY. 

fluctuate, vi. Aketokeca; hahadan. 

flne, n. So'taohdoka. 

Floyd River, n. Conwanzica Wakpa. 

fluent, a. Hdaheyaia ; kaduza. 

fluid, a. Ta'kukaduza ; mini. 

flung, imp. of plino. 

flurry, vt. Wacinhnuniya. w. Ibo- 
bdu ; to'ketu tan in sni. 

flush, vi. Itenasa; mini ozudan. 
a. Ozudan ; o'citkonza. 

fiustrate, vt. Kiksuyeaniya. 

flute, ft. Co'yatanka. 

flutter, vi. Ko'za ; skan&kan, 

flux, n. Kazopi ; we'iheyapi. 

fly, flew, flown, vt. 1. Kinyan : 
birds fly. 2. Kiijyai) se iyaye : 
she flew to his aid. vt. Kin- 
yankiya. ft. Honagidaq; kin- 
yanpina. The flag fllies, wi'yo- 
kihedan kahbaka.— To fly into 
fragments, kpanyena napopa. 
— Let fly, kahoiyeya. 

flyaway, a, Ske'he. 

flyblow, ft. Honagidanitka. 

flying, pa. Dus'yapi ; ko'za. 

flypaper, m. Honagidanikmunke. 

flyspecks, n. Honagidancesdi. 

flying-squirrel, n. Psinca. 

flying-visit, n. Inannititokanipi. 

foal, ft. Sunkcincana. 

foam, ft. Tage. 

focus, ft. Okiwita. 

fodder, n. Wanuyanpiwoyute. 

foe, w. To'ka. 

fog, w. Minipo ; opo. 

foggy, a. Opo;po. 

fogy, ft. Ehannawicasa. 

foible, w. Woyuana. 

foil, vt. Okihisniya ; hna'yan. n. 
Omdaskazizipena. 

foist, vt. En'iyeya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



fold 



forehead 



fold, vt. Pehaq ; yukipaza. n. 1. 

Opehe; oyuksiza. 2. Optaye. 
folder, n. Wi'yuksize. 
foliage, n. Caqwapa. 
folk, n. Wicasta ; tin'takuye. 
follow, vt. 1. Ihakam ya ; ihakam 

u ; iyayuha. 2. Iyecenecoi) ; 

okipa: follow instructions. 3. 

Pasi ; kuwa : follow the deer. 
follower, n. OoMye; hakainuq. 
folly, n. Wowitkotkoka. 
foment, vt. Yukata ; icahya. 
fond, a. 1. (with of) Wastedaka ; 

tefriqda : fond of playing. 2. 

Waihakta ; wacantkiya : a fond 

mother. 
fondle, vt. Kihna ; kicaqpta. 
fondly, adv. Ihaktaya. 
fondness, n. Woihakta. 
font, n. Miniohnakapi ; minihdo- 

ka ; mazaoowa. 
food, n. Woyute ; do. 
fool, n. Witkotkoka ; waciqtoqsni. 

vt. Hna'yaq. vi. Ecaecoq. Fool 

withy kici ska'ta. 
foolhardy, a. Waciqtoqsni wadi- 

taka. 
fooling, pa. Ska'ta. 
foolish, a. Waciqtoqsni. 
foolishness, n. Wowitkotkoka. 
foot, feet, n. 1. Siha; si: a sore 

foot. 2. Sihaiyutapi : tioo feet 

long. 3. Kun'ihaqke ; ihukuya : 

at the foot of his class, vi. Ma- 

kaamaniya ; huiqyuqya. vt. 1. 

Yawa ; yuwitaya : foot up the 

column of figures. 2. Kazuzu : 

foot the bill. 
football, n. Sitapa. 
foothold, n. Oiyahe. 
footing, n. Sihahdepi. 
footprint, n. Owe. 
footrace, n. Kiqiqyaqkapi. 
footsore, a. Sihayazaq. 
footstep, n. Cahdepi. 
footstool, n. Sihaahdehe. 
fop, n. Heyakeitaq. 
foppish, a. Wi'taqtaq. 



for, prep. 1. Oq; oq'etaqhaq : do 
it for me. 2. Eciyataqhaq : I 
am for peace. 3. Ee ; he'ca : 
J took you for a gentleman. 4. 
Ta'wa : this book is for you. 
As for me, miye eke.— For all 
he can do, ceyas; he'casta. — 
For a year, hehaqyaq. — For all 
the world, a'taya. — Go for, oq 
ya ; huweya ; hiyoya ; takpe ya. 
— Were it not for, e'e sni kiq- 
hai). — We took train for , ekta 
uqyaqpi kta oq hemani o'uq- 
papi. con). Nakaes; oq etaq- 
haq ; caqkedaka : I did not go, 
for it was cold. 

forage, n. Wanuyaqpi woyute. 
vi. Woyute ihni. 

forasmuch, conj. Nakaes. 

foray, n. Wamanoq ozuye. 

forbad, imp. of forbid. 

forbear, vt. Pataka ; ecoqsni. 

forbearance, n. Waciqtaqkapi. 

forbid, vt. Tehiqda ; iyokisni. 

forbidden, pa. Tehiqdapi. 

force, vt. I'yopastaka; kitaqyaq 
ecoqkiya. n. 1. Wowas'ake : 
the force of law. 2. Ozuye; 
optaye ; obe : the American 
forces, 

forceful, a. Was'aka. 

forcible, a. Was'aka. 

ford, vt. Copa ; iyuwega. n. Oiyu- 
wega. 

fore-, .pre/. I'tokam. 

fore, a. Watokahaq ; otokahe. 

forebode, vt. I'tokam oyaka. 

forecast, vt. I'tokam iyukcaq. 

forecastle, n. Watokapa. 

foreclose, vt. Nakitaka. 

forefather, n. Huqkake. 

forefoot, n. Si'toka. 

forefront, n. Otokahe. 

forego, vt. Kpagaq. 

foregoing, pa. I'tokamwaqka. 

foregone, pa. I'tokam yustaqpi. 

forehanded, a. Kohaq yustaq. 

forehead, n. Ite ; nasu. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



foreign 70 

foreign, a. Oyatetokeca ; to'keca. 
foreknow, vt. I'tokam sdonya. 
forelock, n. Itehii). 
foreman, n. Tokahekiyapi. 
foremost, a. Tokahai). 
forenoon, n. Wi'cokayasni. 
foreordain, vt. I'tokam yustan. 
forerunner, n. I'tokam ya. 
foresee, vt. I'tokam sdonya. 
forest, n. Coij'tanka. 
forestall, vt. I'tokam kagiya. 
foretaste, n. I'tokam utapi. 
foretell, vt. I'tokam oyaka. 
forethought, n. Iwaktapi. 
forever, adv. Owihankewanica. 
forewarn, vt. Iwaktaya. 
forfeit, vt. Yusna. 
forgat, imp. of forget. 
forgave, imp. of forgive. 
forge, vt. Ka'ga. n. Ma'zakaga 

oceti. 
forgery, n. Wowapi wohnaye 

ka'ga. 
forget, vt. Akiktonza. 
forgetful, a. Wacinktonza. 
forgive, vt. Ki'cicazuzu. 
forgiveness, n. Wokazuzu. 
forgot, imp. of forget. 
fork, n. 1. Wi'cape : knives and 

forks. 2. Ozate : the fork of a 

tree. 
forked, a. 2a'te ; ga'ta. 
forlorn, a. On'sika; oiyokisica. 
form, n. Oka'ge ; tan can ; oun ; 

oecon. Forms of worship, wo- 

cekiye oecon. vt. Ka'ga. 
formal, a. Woope ohnahca econpi. 
formation, n. Okage. 
former, a. Tokaheya ; i'tokam. n. 

Tu'we ka'ga. 
formerly, adv. Ehanna. 
formidable, a. Wowinihan. 
formula, n. Woeye. 
formulate, vt. Woeye ka'ga. 
fornication, n. Wawicihafiapi. 
forsake, vt. Ayiistan ; ehpeya. 
forsooth, adv. Iesni. 
fort, n. Akicitatipi; con/kaske. 



fourfold 

Fort Berthold, n. fiewaktoktotipi. 

Fort Buford, n. Minisoseozate. 

Fort Laramie, n. Kampeskawakpa 
Okizate. 

Fort Pierre, n. Wakpasica. 
* Fort Snelling, n. Hanamdote. 

Fort Sully, n. Hufibozu. 

Fort Totten, n. Miniwakan. 

Fort Yates, n. In'yanbosdata. 

forte, n. Ta'ku okihi. 

forth, adv. Tokata ; tankan. 

forthcoming, a. Hi kta. 

forthwith, adv. Wai)'calmana. 

fortification, n. Makaokapi. 

fortify, vt. Ohomnikapi. 

fortitude, n. Wowaditake. 

fortnight, 7L Arjpetuaketopa. 

fortress, n. Akicitaconkaske. 

fortuitous, a. Wanuwakipapi. 

fortunate, a. Wa'pi ; okiciwaste. 

fortune, n. Wowiziee ; woakipa. 

forty, a. Wikcemnatopa. 

forward, a. 1. Otokahe: the for- 
ward seat. 2. Onanko : a far- 
teat d spring. 3. Tokata : a 
forward jump. vt. 1. Iyopteya : 
forward the work. 2. Iyayeya : 
forward my letters, adv. To- 
kata: go forward. 

fossil, n. In'yanhuhu. 

foster, vt. Icafrya. 

foster-parent, n. Hunkakesni ica- 
nya. 

fought, imp. of FIGHT. 

foul, a. 1. Sa'pa; si'ca. 2. Woope 
olina sni ; foul play. vt. Yusi- 
ca ; yusosa. 

found, imp. of find. 

found, vt. E'hde ; otokahe ka'ga. 

foundation, n. Oahehde. 

founder, n. Tu'weka'ga. vi. Spa'- 
ya ; mininiyaya. vt. Spa'yeya. 

foundry, n. Ma'zasdoyatipi. 

fount, fountain, n. Miniuya; mi- 
nindoka ; minibobduyapi. 

four, a. To'pa. By fours, tom'- 
tom. 

fourfold, n. To'paakihde. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



fourscore 

fourscore, a. Wikeemnasahdogan. 

fourteen, a. Aketopa. 

fourth, a. Itopa ; to'payufcpapi. 

fourthly, adv. Itopa. 

fowl, n. Kokoyahanna ; wahupa- 
koza. 

fowler, n. Wahnpakoza kutesa. 

fox, foxes, n. Sungidan. 

Fox, n. Besdeke. 

foxy, a. Ksa'pa. 

fraction, n. Chjspa ; kibaspapi. 

fractious, a. Ske'he ; wanahonsni. 

fracture, vt. Yuwe&a. n. Yuwe- 
gapi ; yuksapi. 

fragile, a. Wan'kadan. 

fragment, n. Oi)6pa ; otutka. 

fragrance, n. Woomna. 

fragrant, a. Wafctemna. 

frail, a. Sutasni; hahadan. 

frame, vt. Ka'ga ; ti'pihuhaka'ga. 
n. Huha ; wacinoyuze. 

framer, n. Tu'weka'ga. 

franchise, n. Kansniyohpeyapi. 

frank, a. Anahbesni. «. Caze- 
ka&a. 

frankly, adv. Anahbesni. 

frantic, a. Mde'zesni. 

fraternal, a. Hunkawanzitku. 

f raternity,n. Hunkawanzikiciyapi. 

fraud, n. Wohnaye. 

fraudulent, a. Wicakedni ; wo- 
hnaye. 

fraught, pa. Ozudarj. 

freak, n. Woakateohanye. 

freckle, n. Ukahdeze. 

free, a. 1. Ta'waiciya; ihduha; 
kaskapisni : a free man. Set 
free, Myuska. 2. Ohanpi ; kpa- 
tansni : he is too free with his 
money : free and easy. 3. Co'- 
dai) : free from pain. 4. Kagi- 
sni : free to talk. 5. Kazuzu- 
sni : a free dinner. Make free 
with, to'ken cii) econ. vt. Yu- 
ska ; kiyuska. 

freedman, n. Kiynskapi. 

freedom, n. Ta'waiciyapi. 

freely, adv. Iyuwiijcodan. 



71 fro 

free trade, n. Kazuzusni wope- 

tonpi. 
freewill, a. lye tawacii) ohna. 
freeze, vt. Tasagya. vt. Tasaka ; 

ca'ga. Freeze to death, cuwi- 

ta ta. 
freezing, pa. Ca'ga. 
freight, vt. Toksu ; watoksu. 
French, a. Wasieunikceka. 
frenzy, n. Wohnaskinyai). 
frequency, n. Fcikiyedan. 
fre'quent, a. I'cikiyedai). 
frequent 7 , a. En i'pi s'a. 
frequently, adv. Icizehan ; -s'a. 
fresh* a. 1. Te'ca ; nakaha icage : 

fresh flowers. 2. Nakaha kte'pi ; 

do : fresh meat. 3. Watukasni : 

a fresh horse. 4. Sku'ye sni : 

fresh fish. 5. Onspekesni : a 

fresh country lad. 
freshen, vt. Yuteea. 
freshet, n. Minitai). 
freshly, adv. Piya ; teeanien. 
fret, vt. Iyokipisni ; ce'yektakta. 
fretful, a. Ce'yes'a. 
friction, n. I'cipayezapi; kicipa- 

Ziijpi. 
Friday, n. Anpetu Izaptan. 
friend, n. Koda; kicuwa ; ta'wasi ; 

wastedaka. His friend, tako- 

daku. 
friendless, a. Takodaku wanica. 
friendly, a. Kodayapi iyececa. 
friendship, n. Kodakiciyapi. 
frigate, n. Ozuye wi'tawata. 
fright, n. Woyusinyaye. 
frightful, a. Okokipe. 
frigid, a. Sni; osni. 
frill, n. Opaput) yukipas ka'gapi. 
fringe, n. Opapui) h'eh'e. 
frisk, vi. Psi'psin skan. 
frisky, a. Ska'tewacin. 
fritter, vt. Yutakunisni. n. Agu- 

yapiguguna. 
frivolous, a. Ta'kusni. 
frizzle, vt. Yumnimniza. 
fro, adv. Etanhan. To and fro, 

i'cipaS. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



frock 



72 



fuzz 



frock, n. Nitoske. 

frog, n. Hna'ska. Tree frog, hna'- 

skacandidan. 
frolic, n. Ska'tapi; woskate. vi. 

ska'ta. 
frolicsome, a. Ska'tes'a. 
from, prep. Etanhan. From 

whence, totanhan. — Where 

from, to'kiyatanhan. 
front, n. Ite : the front of the 

store. In front of, i'tokam ; 

ikanye. vi. Itoheyahan. a. 

O'tokahe. 
frontier, a. O'tokahe ; opapun. 
frontiersman, n. Tokaahiyotaijke. 
frost, n. flewaijka ; wotasaka. 
frosty, n. Canhotka ; sni'sni. 
froth* n. Tage ; ta'kusni. 
frothy, a. Tageyukan. 
frow, n. Winonca. 
froward, a. Pemni. 
frown, vi. Iteaksinkiya. 
froze, imp. of freeze. 
frozen, pa. Tasaka ; ca'ga. 
frugal, a. Wakpatai). 
frugality, n. Wakpataijpi. 
fruit, n. 1. Waskuyeca : peaches 

and other fruits. 2. Ta'ku ica- 

ge ; the fruits of the earth. 3. 

Wokazuzu : the fruit of evil 

deeds. 
fruitful, a. Waicaga. 
fruitless, a. Waicagesni; waka- 

mnasni. 
frustrate, vt. Okihisniya. 
fry, fried, vt. Ceguguya. n. Cegu- 

guyapi ; optaye. 
frying-pan, n. Cehhupatonna. 
fuddled, pa. Itomni. 
fudge, interj. Hoh. 
fuel, n. Ta'kuaonpi; cai). 
fugitive, n. Nazicaui). 
ful, suffix. Ozudan : a cupful. 
fulfill, vt. Ecetukiya; yustan. 
full, a. 1. Ozudai) : a full house. 

2. A'taya: full pay. 3. Tan'ka: 



a full face. adv. I'tkonsya ; 

iyehanyan. 
fullness, n. Woozudan. ' 
fully, adv. A'taya; iyehaijyai). 
fumble, vt. Yutantan ; yusna. 
fume, vi. So'ta; izita; canze. 
fumigate, vt. Izinya. 
fun, n. Woskate ; wowiha. Make 

fun of, wowiha kuwa. 
function, n. Wookihi; woecoi). 
fund, n. Ma'zaskahnakapi ; wo- 

mnaye. 
fundamental, a. O'hute. 
funeral, n. Wicahnakapi. 
funnel, n. Iokastan pesto. 
funny, funnier, a. Wowiha. 
fur, n. Hii) ; wawaha. 
furious, a. Wohitika. 
furiously, adv. Wohitiya. 
furl, vt. Yupohai). 
furlong, n. Cahdepi opawinge 

non'pa. 
furlough, n. Akicita inahni hdi. 
furnace, n. Oceti ka'ta. 
furnish, vt. Ku ; ikieaqye ihni. 
furnished, pa. Lricanye yukeya. 
furniture, n. Ti'pi iMcanye. 
furor, n. Wicayumdezapisni. 
furrow, n. Yugopi. 
further, a. 1. Saijpa te'han : it is 

further than that. 2. Nakui) : 

what further. 3. Ako ; ako- 

tarjhai) : the further side. vt. 

Iyopteya ; o'kiya. 
furthermore, adv. Nakun. 
furthermost, a. Akoihai)ke. 
furthest, a. Iyotai) te'han. 
fury, n. Woohitika. 
fuse, vt. Sdoya; iciyaskapa. n. 

On itkonyapi. 
fusion, n. Yuokonwaijzidan. 
fuss, vi. Ta'kusni okoya. 
fussy, a. Ta'kusni iyokipisni 
futile, a. Iyokihisni. 
future, n. Tokata. 
fuzz, n. Hinkpanna. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



<ab 



OT 



G 



gab, n. Ta'kusniia ; iayanka. 
gabble, vi. Ta'kufcni on ni'na iaa. 
gable, n. Tice. 
gad, vi. Ituya omani un. n. Cai)- 

icape. 
gag, vt. I yuhmunza ; katka. 
gage, vt. Iyuta. 
gaiety, n. Wi'yuskinpi. 
gaily, adv. Wi'yuakiijyan. 
gain, vt 1. Eamna : ^ain a dollar. 

2. Ohiya ; okihi : gam the suit. 

3. Kihdega; iyohi : gain ground, 
n. Wokamna ; ma'zaska ; aica- 
ge ; obago. 

gainsay, vt. I en hiyeya. 

gait, n. Omani. 

gaiter, n. Can'hanpaiskahuton. 

gale, n. Tateyanpa was'aka. 

gall, n. Pizi. vt. Ha'yuadoka. 

gallant', vt. Awanyag a'ya. 

gai'lant, n. Tu'we awanyag ya ; 

tu'we waditaka. a. Wawiyo- 

kipi. 
gallantly, adv. Iyokipiya. 
gallantry, n. Wowaditake. 
gallery, n. Tihepiya owanka ; ite- 

owapi ti'pi. 
galley, n. 1. Wi'tawata mdaska ; 

ma'zaehdepi wohnake. 
galling, pa. Tehika; ha'yu&doka. 
gallon, n. Ceganstiijna oiyute. 
gallop, vi. Nawanka ; in'yanka. 
galloway, n. Ptesapahinsma. 
gallows, n. Anna wotkeyapi. 
galvanism, n. Wakanhdi hde'pi. 
gamble, vt. Wayekiya ; econua. 
gambler, n. Econnas'a. 
gambol, vi. Ska'ta ; psi'psinun. 
game, n. 1. Woskate ; ecoripina : 

a game of ball. 2. Wamaka- 

akan ; ta'ku ikce un. a. Wa- 

ditake. 
gander, n. Maga mdoka. 
gang, n. Obe ; opt aye. 



gangway, n. Cankuyapi. 
gantlet, n. Oinyangkuwapi. 
gap, vt. Eahoi. n. fici ; oko. 
gape, vi. Iyowa; yukawaj T. 

iyoya. n. Yukawapi. 
garb, n. Heyake ; oihduze. 
garbage, n. Ta'kuehpeyapi. 
garble, vt. Onspaspa enpeya. 
garden, n. Mancistinna. 
gardener, n. WaMcanye. 
garfish, n. Ho'wanmduska. 
gargle, vt. Dote hduzaza. 
garland, n. Canwapaokaske. 
garlic, n. Psin ikceka. 
garment, n. Heyake ; o'kde. 
garner, vt. Ohnaka. n. Wohna- 

ka; womnaye. 
garnish, vt. Tuwaste ; koyagya. 
garret, n. Tice. 
garrison, n. AMcitatipi. 
garter, n. HunsMcane. 
gas, n. Tateide ; tatesica. 
gash, vt. Bahoi). n. Obahon. 
gasoline, n. Wi'hdi on acetipi. 
gasp, vi. Ki'tanh niya. 
gate, n. Con'kaaketiyopa. 
gateway, n. Tiyopa oko. 
gather, vt. Pahi ; mnayan : gatlwr 

sticks; gather fruit. 2. Iyukcan : 

1" gather from his remarks. 3. 

Kage ieu : gather the skirt. 

4. Yuksa : gather corn. vi. 1. 

Wi'taya ; a crowd gathered. 2. 

Tonye : the sore gathered. 
gathering, n. O'yuwitaya; omni- 

ciye ; po ; tonye. 
gaudy, a. Sayapihca. 
gauge, vt. Iyuta. 
gaunt, a. Sta'ka ; tamaheca. 
gauze, n. Capongokeya. 
gave, imp. of give. 
gavel, n. Itaijcan. tacanhpi. 
gawky, a. Ohanor)spekesm. 
gay, a. W/'haha; wi'vuskin. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



gaze 

gaze, vi. Opantakuwa. 

gazelle, n. Tatokadan. 

gazette, n. Wotai)ii)wowapi. 

gear, n, Ikai) ; wi'yuhomni. tt. 
Ikoyagya. 

gee, vi. Akoyuhomni. 

geese, pi, of goose. 

gelatine, n. Tadonini. 

gelding, n. Susuwanica. 

gem, n. Iij'yantenika; ta'ku ni'na 
waste. 

gender, n. Wica kais win'yan. 

genealogy, n. Wicoicage oyakapi. 

general, n, Akicitatancan tan'ka. 
a. 1. A'taya ; ecaken : the gen- 
eral welfare, 2. A'taya yuhapi ; 
ece : a general custom. 

generally, adv. Ecee ; a'taya. 

generate, vt. Ka'ga. 

generation, n, Wicoicage ; ka'ga- 
pi; cincakagapi. 

genesis, w. Wicoicage oyakapi. 

genial, a. Okiciwaste. 

genius, n. Wowayupika; waka- 
hdoka. 

gens, n. Tiospaye. 

genteel, a. Oiyokipi. 

gentility, n, Wowahbadaij. 

gentle, a. Wa'hbadan; ci'stinna. 

gentleman, n. Wicastawahba. 

gentleness, n. Wowahbadaij. 

gently, ado. Iwastedai). 

gentry, n. Wicasta otenihai). 

genuine, a, Wicaka. 

genus, n, Obe. 

geography, n. Makaoyakapi. 

geology, n. Makamahentuoyaka. 

germ, n. Su ; cante. 

German, n. Iasica. 

germinate, vi. Natuuya. 

gesticulate, vi, Wi'kiyuta. 

gesture, n, Wi'kiyutapi. vi. Wi'- 
kiyuta. 

get, got, vt. 1. Icu ; huweya ; oki- 
ni : get some water. 2. Yuha : 
she has got brown hair, 3. Ku- 
wa ; oijspeiciciya : get your les- 
son. 4. Iyaya : get out, 5. 



74 girder 

Kiya ; ecoijkiya : get him to 
work, 6. I'yopastaka ; to'ketu 
ceyas : you have got to go. Get 
ahead, iyopte. — Get along, iyo- 
pte. — Get at, iyohi. — Get away, 
tokanya. — Get away with, yuso- 
ta ; yuha iyaya. — Get back, hdi ; 
heyam inazii) . — Get before, i'to- 
kam iyaye. — Get behind, he'kta 
iyaya. — Get clear, ihdusdoka. 
— Get drunk, witko. — Get for- 
ward, iyopta. — Get home, tiyata 
ki. — Get hurt, ksu'weya. — Get 
in, mahen iyaya. — Get loose, 
yuska. — Get off, ipsica; kina- 
zin. — Get on, iyopte. — Get rid 
off, kiihduspa. — Get out, tan- 
kan iyaye.— Get over, sam ya ; 
akisni. — Get sick, wayazai)ka. 
— Get together, wi'tayapi — Get 
up, inazii) ; iyaya. — Get wind 
of, nakinon. 

gewgaw, n. Ta'kusni. 

geyser, n. Makohdoka minibosdi. 

gastly, a. Woyusinyaye. 

ghost, n. Wanagi. 

ghostly, adv, Wanagise. 

giant, n. Wicasta tanka. 

gibe, vt. Yasica. 

giddy, a. Itomni. 

gift, n. Ta'ku itunanpi ; wicaku ; 
wowaoqsida. 

gifted, pa. Ksa'pa; zinyapl. 

gig, tt. Caqpakmiyanhunonpa. 

gigantic, a. Tan'kahca. 

giggle, vi. Pamahen ihaha. 

gild, vt. Ma'zaskazi apawii)ta. tt. 
Okodakiciye. 

gill, n. 1. Caka. 2. Wi'yatke ci'- 
stinna oiyute. 

gilt, a. Ma'zaskazi apawintapi. 

gimlet, tt. Caniyumni ci'stinna. 

gin, tt. Miniwakan wastemna. 

ginger, n. Aguyapiicahi gi. 

gingerly; adv. Itonpeya. 

gingham, n. Minihuhahdeze. 

gird, girt, vt. Ipiyagkiton. 

girder, n. Caniciyakaska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



girdle 

girdle, n. Ipiyake. 

girl, n. Wichjyaijna. Y. Wicii)- 
eana, T. Wiciijcala. 

girlish, a. Wiciijyaijnase. 

girth, n. Ipiyake. 

gist, n. Co. 

give, gave, vt. Ku; itukihan; eciya; 
okiyake ; yutaijii). Giveaway, 
itu&ai). — Give ftocfc, ki'cu. — 
Give chase, kuwaeyaya. — Give 
in, enakiye. — Give out, pamni ; 
oyaka ; okihisni ; ma'nisni. — 
Give up, i'yakicuijiii; ku. — Give 
way to, kiynkai). vi. Sutafcni ; 
iyaya. 

gizzard, n. Tezi ; zitkatezi. 

glad, a. 1. IyusMi) ; pida : a glad 
hoy. 2. Wowiyuskii) : a glad 
day. 

gladden, vt. Iyuskirjkiya. 

gladly, adv. Iyuakiijyai). 

gladness, n. Wowiyuskii). 

gladsome, a. Wi'yuakhjkiya. 

glance, vt. Waijyag iheya. vi. 1. 
Kasdun iyaya : the ball glanced. 
2. Ahitoijwaij : he glanced at 
me. 3. Dus iyaye. 

glanders, n. Suij'kawakai) po'ge- 
fcdipi. 

glare, vi. Wiyakpa ; iyega. 

glaring, pa. Istowicasniza ; tal- 
lica. 

glass, n. 1. 2ai)zai) : a piece of 
glass. 2. Istamaza ; istazarj- 
zai) : eye-glasses. 3. 2arjzai)- 
wiyatke : drinking-glass. 

glassy, a. fcaijzaijse. 

glaze, vt. 2ai)zai)se apawiijtapi. 

gleam, vi. Iyega ; wiyakpa. 

glean, vt. To'na okapta mnayai). 

glee, n. Wowiyuakiij. 

glee-club, n. Wiyuskhjdowaijpi 
obe. 

glen, n. Eaksiza. 

glib, a. Sdusduta. 

glide, vi. A'ninidushiyaya. 

glimmer, vi. Taijiijii) ; kpa'kpa. 

glimpse, n. Waijyag iheyapi. 



goal 

glitter, vi. Wiyakpakpa. 

gloam, n. Owataqiq&ni. 

gloat, vi. Wosice wi'piiciya. 

globe, n. Makamibe. 

globular, a. Mibe. 

globule, n. Ta'kumibe ci'sthjna. 

gloom, n. Woiyokisica ; o'kpaza 

gloomy, a. Oiyokisica ; o'kpaza. 

glorify, vt. Yatai) ; yawaste. 

glorious, a. Wastehca; wowinihai). 

glory, n. Wowitai). vi. Itai). 

gloss, vt. Pasduta ; pawiyakpa ; 
to'ketu oyaka. 

glossy, a. Wiyakpa ; sdusduta. 

glove, n. Napinkpayugaga. 

glow, vi. 6asa ; ka'ta. 

glowing, a. Ka'ta ; izanzai). 

glue,n. Con'peska. vt. A'skamya. 

glue-pot, n. Con'peska iokanye. 

glum, a. Ininahun. 

glut, vt. Ozuya; wi'piyenca. n. 
otii)swai)ka. 

glutton, n. Wotesa ; wi'piteiciya. 

gluttonous, a. Wotesa. 

gluttony, n. Wi'pijapi. 

gnari, n. Osnaze ; yuwipi. 

gnash, vt. Yakiijskiijza. 

gnat, n. Hoponkadan. 

gnaw, vi. Yakega. 

go, went, gone, vi. 1. Ya ; iyaye : 
go east. 2. Iyopte : the mill 
goes. 3. Ohnaya ; e'yustanpi : 
tlw election went Bepublican. 
Go against, i'tkokimya ; iyapa. 
— Go astray, nu'ni. — Go bail 
for, iye oi) woyuha kaska. — 
Go for, huweya ; kuwa. — Go 
hard with, tehike kta. — Go off, 
to'ki ya ; bosdoka. — Go on, 
san'pa ya; ska'ta. — Go on a 
journey, i cimani ya. — Go it, 
to'ken okihi eeoi). — Go out, 
tarjkanya; sni; oyakapi. — Go 
through, iyopta iyaya ; yustai) ; 
akipa. Let go, iyayeya ; ayu- 
stan. 

goad, vt. Capa. n. Wi'cape. 

goal, n. Oinazinta. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



goat 

goat, n. He'kinskayapi. 

goatee, n. Ikuhin. 

gobble, vt. 1. Hotontoi) : tlie turkey 

gobbles. 2. Ohanko napcapca. 
gobbler, n. Zi'catanka mdoka. 
goblet, n. 2anzanwiyatkehanska. 
go-by, n. Woaktasni. 
God, n. Wakantaijka ; Ta'kuwa- 

kan. 
goddess, n. Ta'kuwakai) win'yan. 
godfather, w. Baptisma en atewi- 

cakiyapi. 
Godhead, n. Wakantanka ouncage. 
godless, a. Wakaijtanka ohodasni. 
godlike, a. Ta'kuwakan iyececa. 
godly, a. Wakantanka awacin. 
Godsend, n. Wakantanka etanhaq. 
Godspeed, n. Wakantanka ni'oi 

UI). 

goer, n. Tu'we iyopte. 

goes, Sd per. sing. go. 

goggles, n. Istamaza o'geton. 

going, n. Woiyopte ; oaye. 

gold, n. Ma'zaskazi. 

golden, a. 1. Ma'zaskazi : golden 
spectacles. 2. Zizi ; ziyena : 
golden hair. 3. Ni'na waste : 
golden words. 

gone, pa. Iyaya ; kihda ; henana. 

gong, n. Can/cega sna. 

good, a. 1. Waste : a good hoy. 
2. Ki'tanna : a good deal (M- 
tanna ota). 3. Wowicake : a 
good whipping. Good at, tan- 
yan okihi. — Good for : on wa- 
ste ; i waSte. — Good looking : 
owanyag waste. — Good to : 
tanyan kuwa. — In good time : 
iyehantu. 

good, n. Ta'ku waste ; wowaste ; 
wokiciwaste. 

good-by, n. Tanyan yaun nunwe. 

good-day, n. Anpetu oniciwasteni. 

good-humored, a. Wawihaha. 

goodly, a. Wastecaka. 

good-natured, a. Tawacin waste. 

goodness, n. Wowaste. 

goods, n, Woyuha ; wahpaya. 



76 grain 

goodwill, n. Tawacirj waste. 
goose, geese, n. Maga. 
gooseberry, n. Wicahdeska ; T. 

wicaknaska ; T. wicagnaska. 
gopher, n. Manica. Striped gopher 9 

tasnaheca. 
gore, n. 1. We ; we nini. 2. Tete 

hci. vt. Capa. 
gorge, vt. Akaska ; otinsya. 
gorgeous, a. Wowinihan. 
gormandize, vi. Ni'nawota. 
gory, a. Wewe. 
gosling, n. Magacinca. 
gospel, n. Wotanin Waste. 
gossip, vi. Ta'kusnisni oyaka. n. 

1. Ta'kukeyapi. 2. Woyakesa. 
got, imp. of GET. 
gouge, vt. Pahdoka ; icu ; ki. 
gourd, n. Wamnuha. 
gout, n. O'kihepopi woyazan. 
govern, vt. Awanyaka. 
governess, n. Win'yanitancan. 
governing, a. Itancan ; tokahan. 
government, n. Woitancan ; woa- 

wanyake ; wokiconze. 
governor, n. It an can; makaitan- 

can. 
gown, n. Nitoske ; sanksanica ; 

o'kde; T. cuwignake. 
grab, vt. Yukabicu ; botica. 
grace, n. Wowaste ; wowaonsida. 

vt. Yuwaste. 
graceful, a. Owaste ; oiyokipi. 
gracefully, adv. Oiyokipiya. 
graceless, a. Wowaste ni'ca. 
gracious, a. Waonsida ; waste. 
graciously, adv. Waonsidaya ; oi- 
yokipiya. 
gradation, n. Kaocipten wanka. 
grade, vt. O'cipten e'hnaka ; canku 

oka. n. Okapi ; obe. 
gradual, a. Iwastedan. 
graduate, vi. Woonspe ihunni. 
graft, vt. Can o'stai) icahya. 
grain, n. 1. Ta'ku su; aguyapi 

su : much grain is sown. 2. Su- 

kaza ; o'kpe : a grain of sand. 

Against the grain, apahatka. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



grammar 

vt. Ta'ku su won'tkiya : grain 

hogs. Mduya : grain the sugar. 
grammar, n. Lapi woonspe. 
grammatical, a. Woonspe ohna. 
granary, n. Dotopiye. 
grand, a, Wowinihan ; tan'ka ; 

okinihan. ; woimnake. 
grandchild, n. Takozakpaku. 
granddaughter, n. Takozakpaku 

win'yai). 
grandeur, n. Wowinihan. 
grandfather, n. Tunkansidai). His 

grandfather, tunkansitku. 
grandly, adv. Wowinihanyan. 
grandmother (grandma), n. Kun'si. 

My grandmother ; unci. — Your 

grandmother, nikunsi. — His 

grandmother, kun'sitku. 
grandpa, w. Tunkansidan. 
grandparent, n. San 'pa huijkake. 
grandson, n. Takozakpa wica. 
granger, n. Wozuwicasta. 
granite, n. In'yanhcake. 
granny, n. Unciyapi ; wakai)ka. 
grant, vt. Ku; he'cetu eya. n. 

Ta'ku ku'pi ; wicakupi. 
granulated, a. Sbu'na. 
grape, n. Hastanhanka. T. Can- 

wiyape. 
grapevine, n. Hastanhankahu ; 

canwiyuwi. 
graphic, a. Taninhca. 
grapple, vt. Yu'za ; oyuspa. 
grasp, vt. Sutaya yu'za. 
grasping, pa. Wayuhektehca. 
grass, n. Wato ; pezi kasdapisni. 
grasshopper, n. Psi'psicadan. T. 

Gnugnuaka. 
grassy, a. Pezi o'ta. 
grate, vt Yukega; yukpan. n. 

Oceti ma'zayunaha. 
grateful, a. Pida ; iwiea waste. 
grater, n. Wi'yukega. 
gratification, n. 1. Wowiyuskin ; 

wopida : your gift is a great 

gratification to me. 2. Woiyo- 

winkiye : the gratification of 

appetite. 



77 grievance 

gratify, vt. Iyokipiya ; iyowinya. 
gratis, adv. Wokazuzu co'dan. 
gratitude, n. Wapidapi. 
gratuitous, a. Isicodai). 
gratuitously, adv. Ituya. 
gratuity, n. Woituhan. 
grave, a. Tan'ka; ohansta'ka. n. 

Wicahapi ; wicaknakapi. 
gravel, n. Ih'e ; isbu ; in'yan. 
gravelly, a. Ih'e ota. 
gravely, adv. Ohan stagya. 
gravestone, n. Wicahnakapiinyai). 
graveyard, n. Wicahnakapi. 
gravitate, vt. Ihdutitan. 
gravity, n. 1. Makawoyutitan. 2. 

Wos'ake; woawacii). 
gravy, n. Waspanyaijpi wi'hdi. 
gray, a. fio ta ; ska. A gray coat, 

o'kde ho'ta. — Gray-headed, 

paska. 
graze, vt. 1. Wi'hankiya : graze 

the cattle on the hill. 2. Icahta- 

ka : the stone grazed his head. 

vi. Wi'hai). 
grease, n. Wi'hdi ; sda. vt. Sdaya. 
greasy, a. Sda. 
great, a. 1. Tan/ka : a great nation. 

3. Ni'na. A great many, ni'na 

o'ta. — A great while, ni'na te'- 

han. 
greatly, adv. Ni'na. 
greatness, n. Wotanka. 
greed, n. Wayuhapi kte hca. 
greedy, a. Watehinda ; wotesa. 
greedily, adv. Cin/hca. 
green, a. 1. To j ziyato ; pezito : 

the trees are green. 2. Suton- 

sni ; stunka ; to : a green plum. 

3. Te'ca ; pu'zesni : green wood. 

4. Do : a green hide. 
greenhorn, n. Tu'we oqspesni. 
greet, vt. Napeyuza ; ho eya. 
greeting, n. Kiciyuonihaijpi. 
grew, imp. of grow. 
greyhound, n. Sun 'kahuhanskaska. 
griddle, n. Owaspanye mdaska. 
grief, n. Woiyokisica. 
grievance, n. Oij iyokisicapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



grieve 78 

grieve, vt. Iyokisinya. vi. Iyoki- 
sica. 

grievous, a. Woiyokisica. 

grim, a. Ksizeca ; suta. 

grimace, n. Iteainkiyapi. 

grimly, adv. Ksizeya. 

grin, vi. Iha ; hi pazo. 

grind, ground, vt. 1. Yukpan : grind 
corn. 2. Yumai) : grind the ax. 
3. Kakisya : grind the poor. 

grindstone, n. Izuzatanka. 

grip, vt. Nape sutaya oyuspa. 

gripe, vt. Yuksayu'za. 

grizzled, n. flo'ta. 

grizzly-bear, n. Matohota. 

groan, vi. Howaya ; #*)'&&• 

grocery, n. Woyute mazopiye. 

grog, n. Miniwakai). 

groggy, a. Itomni. 

groom, vt. Sun/kawakan. kakca. 
n. 6ui)gawai)yake ; tawicutou- 
kta. 

groove, vt. Bakoqta. 

grope, vi. Botoqtoi) kuwa. 

gross, a. 1. Tan/ka : taijin, hca : 
gross errors. 2. Ce'pa : a gross 
woman. 3. A'taya : gross earn- 
ings. 

grossly, adv. Taijiijyanhca. 

Gros Ventres, n. flewaktokta. 

grotesque, a. Wowiha. 

grotto, n. Makatipi waste. 

ground, n. 1. Maka ; makoce ; 
oyanke. 2. Oahelide ; etanhai) 
uya. vt. Sutaya e'hde. a. Ma- 
ka ekta ; yukpaijpi. 

ground, imp of grind. 

ground-cherries, n. Wagiogi. 

ground-hog, n. Hakasana. 

groundless, a. Ituyach). 

grounds, n. pi. Cetetahe : coffee 
grounds. 

groundwork, n. Hu'te. 

group, n. Optaya ; obe. vt. Optaye 
kanya e'zu. 

grouse, n. Si'yo. 

grove, n. Canwita ; canwozupi. 

grovel, vt. Sdohai) ui). 



gullet 

groveling, a. On'sika ; wahtesni. 
grow, vi. Icaga ; a'ya ; tan'kaaya. 

Corn grows, wamnaheza icaga. 

— Father grows thin, ate ci'stin- 

naaya. vt. Icahya. 
growl, vi. Ado : ieniyeya. 
growler, n. Ienhdesa. 
grown, pa. Icaga ; tan Tsa. 
growth, n. Oicage ; woicage. 
grub, vt. ?a; oka. n. Canhu- 

tkai) ; wamduskadai). 
grudge, vt. Koi) ; nawizi. n. Wo- 

wahtedasni. 
gruel, n. Wozapi sutaani. 
gruff, a. ge'za ; suta. 
gram, a. Ksizeca. 
grumble, vi. Ahdo ; iyokipisni ia. 
grant, vi. fldo ; tfn'ga ; gin'ca. 
guano, n. Zitkacesdi. 
guarantee,*;*. Yuwicaka. 
guaranty, n. On. yuwicakapi. 
guard, vt. Awaijyaka. n. Wa'- 

wanyake; ikai). 
guarded,^. Waktaun. 
guardian, n. Awanyagkiyapi. 
guerilla, n. Akicita nahmai) ui). 
guess, vt. Iyukcai) ; ecii) ; ituya- 

eya. w. Wowiyukcaij. 
guest, n. Tu'we titokanhi. 
guidance, w. Ihakam un/pi. 
guide, vt. Caijkuoyaka; yusaya; 

awaqyaka ; yuhomni. w. Toij- 

weya ; cankupazo. 
guild, n. Okodakiciye. 
guile, n. Wohnaye. 
guileless, a. Wohnaye ni'ca. 
guilt, n. Woahtani. 
guiltless, a. Woahtani co'dan. 
guilty, a. 1. Ta'ku si'ca ecoi) : he 

is guilty. 2. Si'ca: a guilty 

deed. 
guise, n. Kon'za ; kahya. 
guitar, n. Wi'kaijyudowanpi. 
gulch, n. O'smaka ; minibohya. 
gulf, n. Miniwanca okahmii). 
gull, n. Wicatanktankadan. vt. 

Hna'yan. 
gullet, n. Wi'napce. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



fully, n. Oskokpa. 

gulp, trt. Tarik'tanka napca. 

gum, n. Caijsii) ; caka. 

gumbo, n. Makaotkapa. 

gummy, a. O'tkapa. 

fun, n. Ma'zakai). 

gunnery, n. Ma'zakai) ecoqpi. 

gunnysack, n. Psa'wozuha. 

gunpowder, n. Candi. 

gargle, vi. Minihmui). 

gush, vi. Ni'na hiyu. 



79 hand 



gusher, n. Minibosdi. 

gust, w. Tatehca. 

gusto, n. Woiyokipilica. 

gut, n. 6upe. v/. dupe icu. 

gutter, n. Minicaijkuokapi; upsiza. 

guttural, a. Hohmuij. 

guzzle, vt To'ken okihi yatkai). 

gymnasium, n. Ohnaihduzicapi. 

gymnastics, n. Ihduzicapi. 

Gypsy, n. Oyateomanisa. 

gyrate, vi. Yuhomni. 



H 



ha, interj. Eca (inapi iapi). 
habeas corpus, n. Auwicasipi. 
habit, n. Onai) ; oihduze. 
habitable, a. Otipica. 
habitation, w. Ti;tipi. 
habitual, a. Ecahececa. 
habituate, vt. Ecewaktakiya. 
hack, vt, Apapa; kaksaksa. n. 

Oape ; onci ; caijpahmihma. 
hackberry, n. Yamnumnugapi. 
had, imp. of have. 
Hades, n. Wanagiouijyaijpi. 
hag, n. Wakankasicedai). 
haggard, a. Watuka ; sta'ka. 
haggle, vt Kahcinci. 
hail, n. Wasu. vi. Wasu hiijhe. 
hail, infer;. Ho (woyuonihan iapi). 

vt Kipai) : he hailed me. 
hailstorm, w. Wasu hii)he. 
hair, n. Hiij ; pahin ; paha. 
hair-breadth, a. Kitaqyan. 
hairy, a. Hii) yukai) ; hiijsma. 
hale, a. Taqcaqsuta. 
half, a. Haijke : half a day. adv. 

Haqkeya : half understood. 
half-breed, n. Wasicuijciijca. Y. 

Dako^acinca. 
half-past, a. Sam'haijke. 
half-way, a. Cokaya. 
hall, n. 1. Titaijka; omuiciyetipi : 

city hall. 2. Timahen ocai)- 



kuyapi : hang your hat in the 

hall. 
halleluiah, n. Wakaijtaijkayatai). 
halloo, interj. Hiwo ; ho. 
hallow, vt. Yuwakai). 
hallucination, n. Ta'ku icihnayaij- 

J}i ; woihaijmde. 
b, n. Wi'acetipimibe ; te'sda- 
kesa. 

halt, vi. Hustemani ; na'ziij. a. 
Huste. 

halter, n. Iteoge ; iteha. vt. Ka- 
ska. 

halve, vt. Cokaya kibaksa. 

ham, n. Geca ; kukusececa. 

name, n. Wanapiqakaskapi. 

hamlet, n. Otoijwena. 

hammer, n. Maziyape. vt Apa. 

hammock, n. Ho'tedai) owai)ka. 

hamper, vt. Kagiya. 

hamstring, n. Cecakan. 

hand, n. 1. Nape : a sore hand. 
2. Ookiye; wowasi; tuwe eeya& : 
all hands joined in the sport. 3. 
Nape oi) ka'gapi : he wriles a 
nice hand. Back of the hand, 
napakaha. — From hand to hand, 
i'ciyaza. — From hand to mouth , 
ta'kudai) icihdesui. — Hand in 
hand, napekiciyus; o'kiciya. — 
Hands off, yutansni. — Had a, 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



handbill 80 harness 

haphazard, a. To'kencincin. 

hapless, a. Wa'pisni. 

happen, vi. 1. Wanu : I happened 
to find. 2. Akipa : death hap- 
pens to all alike. 

happily, adv. 1. Canwasteya : they 
lived happily. 2. Wa'piya : hap- 
pily I did not fall. 

happiness, n. Wocarjte waste. 

happy, a. Cantewaste. 

harangue, vt. Wahokonkiya. 

harass, vt. Nagiyeya. 

harbinger, n. Wahosiye. 

harbor, n. Wi'tawataonazin ; ona- 
papi waste, vt. 1. Anakiksii) : 
harbor a thief. 2. Awacin uij : 
harbor malice in his heart, vi. 
Onapa ; inazin. 

hard, a. 1. Suta : hard as a stone. 
2. Tehike : a hard lesson. 3. 
Nina kuwa ; wohitika : a hard 
student, adv. 1. Ni'na : run 
hard. 2. TeMya : he trots hard. 
2. Sutaya : tie it hard. Hard 
by, ikiyedan. — Hard up, kaki- 
sya. — Hard earned, kitanyai) 
kamna. 

harden, vt. Yusuta. 

hardihood, n. Wocantetinza. 

hardly, adv. Ki'tanh; iyus'oya; 
iyehanyaijsni ; tehiya. 

hardness, n. Wosuta. 

hardship, n. WoteM. 

hardtack, n. Aguyapisaka suta. 

hardware, n. Ma'zaicuwa. 

hardy, a. Suta ; wakis'aka. 

hare, n. Mastintanka. 

hark, vi. Anagoptai) ; a ; si. 

hearken, vi. Anagoptai). 

harlot, n. Witkowiij. 

harm, vt. Yusica; kiunniya. n. 
Wokiunni ; woyusice. 

harmful, a. Wakiunni. 

harmless, a. Wayusicesni. 

harmonize, vt. Yuokonwaijzidan. 

harmony, n. Okiciwastepi. 

harness, n. Sungikan ; ikan. vt. 
Ikan ikoyagya. 



hand in it, en nape yekiya. — 
Left hand, catka. — Bight hand, 
etapa; Y. onspeapataijhan. — 
Inside the hand, napcoka. — Off 

. hand, katinyai) ; i'tokam pii- 
ciyesni. — On hand, yuha un. — 
On tlie one hand... on the other 
hand, de'eiyatanhai)... he'ciya- 
taijhai). — One hand, napsani. — 
SJiake hands, napeyuza. — Slack 
hand, hun 'kesni. — Change 
hands, kicicupi. — Come to hand, 
en hi; icu. — Lend a hand, o'ki- 
ya. — On all hands, o'wancaya. 
Secondhand, wanna un 'pi; tani. 
— Wash tlie hands, iyowazasni- 
iciya. vt. Hiyukiya. 

handbill, n. Wayaotanin wowapi. 

handbreadth, n. Wicanape oiyute. 

handcuff, n. Napokaske. 

handful, n. Napeohnaka. 

hand-glass, n. Mniokdasin ci'- 
stinna. 

handicap, vt. Kas'agya. 

handiwork, n. Woecon. 

handkerchief, n. Itipakinte. 

handle, n. Ihupa ; wiyuze. vt. Na- 
pe en yeya ; kuwa ; kicaijye. 

handless, a. Nape wanica. 

handling, n. Kuwapi. 

handmaid, n. Win'yanookiye. 

handsaw, n. Caijibaksanapsani. 

handsome, a. Owanyagwaste ; tan- 
waste ; oiyokipi ; tan/ka. 

handsomely, adv. Taijyai). 

handspike, n. Hon/pe ; can. 

handwriting, n. Napeonkagapi. 

handy, a. Okinyanwaste ; wayu- 
pika. 

hang, hung, vt. 1. Otkeya: hang 
out the clothes. 2. Ikoyaka ; 
ecen ehde : hang the scythe; 
hang the door. 3. Pa'nakseya : 
hang the murderer, vi. 1. Otke- 
han : the lamp hangs from a 
hook : 2. Ikoyaka : it hangs to 
him. n. Otke ; tokiyotan. 

hanging, n. Otkeyapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



harp 81 

harp, n. Wi'kai) yudowaijpi. vi. 

Heyaya. 
harpoon, n. Wahukeza. 
harrow, n. Maniyuhiijhe. irt. Yu- 

hii)he. 
harsh, a. 1. *Gahai) : a harsh voice. 

2. Ksizeca : harsh conduct. 
hartshorn, n. Wi'pakiijteska. 
harvest, n. Wasutoi) ; woksapi. 

vt. Yuksa ; mnayai) ; kasda. 
harvester, n. Wi'nakse. 
has, 3d p. s. of have. 
hash, n. Tadobakpaijpi. vt. Ba- 

kpai). 
haste, rt. Inaftni. if. Inahniya. 

w. Woinahni. 
hasten, vt. Yuinahni ; inanni. 
hastily, adv. Inahniyai). 
hasty, a. Inahni ; ohaijko. 
hat, n. Wapaha. Y. & T. Wapo- 

stai). 
hatch, vt. Mai) ; pakpiya. vi. Pak- 

pi ; ikpahdoka. 
hatchet, n. Oijspedai). 
hate, vt. Wahtedasni; sicedaka. 

n. Wowahtedasni. 
hateful, a. Wahtesni. 
hatred, n. Wowahtedasni. 
hatter, n. Wapahakaga. 
haughty, a. Ohitiicida. 
haul, vt. 1. Toksu : haul wood. 2. 

Yusdohai) : haul ten cars. n. 

Oyugdohai) ; oicu. 
haunt, vt. O'ksai) ui) ; ouijyan,. 
haanted, pa. Wanagi oui)yai)pi. 
have, has, had, vt. 1. Yuha : I have 

a dog. 2. Kiya ; ya : / had him 

come. 3. Iyopastaka : he had to 

go. 4. Aux. f not expressed. J 

have come, wahi ; waijna wahi. 

— / have never seen him, to'hiij- 

ni waqmdake sni. 
haven, n. Oahuni. 
haversack, n. Waneya ozuha. 
havoc, n. Woihaijgye. 
haw, vt. Gatkata yuhomni. vi. 

Diata; hohpa. 
hawk, n. Cetai) ; caijska ; upizica ; 



hearsay 

ptegopeca. vt. Pan/wiyopeya. 
vi. Hohpa. 

hay, n. Pezi. vt. Pezi ka'ga. 

haycock, n. Pezipsunkaka. 

hayrack, n. Peziitoksu. 

haystack, n. Pezipaha. 

hazard, vt. Otohnaka ; iyuta. 

hazardous, a. Okokipe. 

hazelnut, n. U'ma. 

hazy, a. Sotozu ; owataqinsni. 

he, pro. I'ye : he did it. (Gener- 
ally not expressed.) 

head, n. 1. Pa : my head aches. 
2. Itaqcai) ; tokahai) : the head 
man. 3. Sukaza : I have ten 
head of cattle. 4. O'iqkpa : the 
head of the river. 5. Oiwaijya- 
ke : the heads of discourse, vt. 
Tokahai) ; itoheyaya ; aoho- 
mniya ; en'tkiya pa yu'za ; pa- 
ka'ga. a. 1. Tokahai) : head 
cook. 2. Tatoheya : We had a 
head wind. 

headache, n. Nasuyazaijpi. 

headdress, n. Wapaha ; tesdake. 

header, n. Tokahai); iij'kpaibakse. 

heading, n. Pa ; ta'ku ka'pi. 

headlong, adv. Botoijyaq. 

headmost, a. Tokahai). 

headquarters, n. Itai)cai)toyai)ke. 

headstone, n. Wicahapiin/yai) ; ii)'- 
yai) itai)cai). 

headstrong, a. Tawacii) suta. 

headway, n. Woiyopte. 

heal, vt. Asniyai) ; yuasni. vi. 
Okizi. 

health, n. 1. Wozani : seek health. 
2. Oui) ; tar) can : bad health. 

healthful, a. Tai)cai) yuwaste. 

healthy, a. Zani ; waste. 

heap, vt. Pahi ; pahakaga. n. Pa- 
ha ; opahi ; o'ta. 

hear, heard, r*. 1. Nahoi) : I hear 
l you. 2. Nahoqyanka : hear this 
i class, vi. Wanahoi). 

hearing, n. Wonahoi) ; no'ge. 

hearken, vi. Anagoptai). 
, hearsay, n. Keyapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



hearse 



82 



herein 



hearse, n. Wica^e canpakmiyan. 

heart, n. Cante. Break his hearty 
e a i) t e ihankeya. — Learn by 
heart, tawacii) on kiksuye. — 
Lose heart , wacinibos'ake. — 
Take heart, caijte kicui). — Take 
to heart, cante en yeya. — Set 
the heart on, ni'na cii). 

heartburn, n. Canteyazan. 

hearth, n. Pe'taoahe ; petkahda. 

hearthstone, n. In'yaijpetkahda. 

heartily, adv. Canwasteya. 

heartless, a. Cantewanica. 

heartrending, a. Cantiyapapa. 

hearty, a. 1. Cante on : a hearty 
greeting. 2. Zani; suta : a hearty 
hoy. 3. Otantonka ; cinhca. 

heat, vt. Kanya. n. Wokata ; 
oecon. 

heater, n. On kanyapi. 

heathen, n. Wakagapi ohodapi; 
ikcewicasta. 

heave, vt. Yuwankan icu ; hiyuya. 

heaven, n. Mahpiya ; manpiya to. 

heavenly, a. Mahpiyata ; waste. 

heavily, adv. Tkeya ; ni'na. 

heaviness, n. Tke ; woiyokisica. 

heavy, a. 1. Tke : a heavy stone. 

2. So'ka : a heavy fall of snow. 

3. Oiyokisica : heavy news. 
hedge, n. Otehi con'kaske. vt. 

Nataka ; cankaska. 
hedgehog, n. Sagdasin pahin. 
heed, vt. Awaciij ; anagoptan. n. 

Woanagoptan. 
heedless, a. Waawacinsni. 
heedlessly, adv. Waawacinsniyan. 
heel, n. Siyete ; ihanke. 
heifer, n. Ptewiye askatudan. 
height, n. Obosdatu ; wankantu. 
heighten, vt. Sam yuwankantu. 
heinous, a. Ni'na si'ca. 
heinously, adv. Sicayanca. 
heinousness, n. Wosice. 
heir, n. Ta'wakte. 
heirloom, n. Ehanna hunkake 

ta'wa. 
held, imp of hold. 



hell, n. Wakansicati ; wicate ma- 
koce. 

helm, n. Iyupse ; woyuhomni. 

helmet, n. Oznye wapaha. 

helmsman, n. Wasinteyuhomni. 

help, vt. O'kiya. I will help you, 
o'ciciye kta. 2. Yutokeca ; ana- 
pta : I can't help it. 3. Yu- 
waste, it Jielps my cough. Help 
to, ku. n. Waokiyapi ; ookiye ; 
wowasi. 

helper, n. Ookiye ; was'agya. 

helpful, a. Waokiya ; yuwaste. 

helpless, a. 1. O'kiyepicasni. 2. 
Ta'ku okihi sni : a helpless babe. 

helpmate, helpmeet, n. Ookiye. 

helterskelter, adv. To'kencin'yaij. 

helve, n. Ihupa. 

hem, n. Opapun. vt. Opapun ka- 
gege. vi. Wakaspewacin. 

hemi-, pref Hanke. 

hemisphere, n. Makahanke. 

hemlock, n. Wazican. 

hemorrhage, n. Weuyapi. 

hemp, n. Hanontahu tan ka. 

hen, n. Anpaohotanna wi'ye. Y. 
Kokoyahanna wi'ye ; wi'ye. 

hence, adv. 1. Detanhai) ; tokan : 
go hence. 2. Tokata : a year 
hence. 3. He'on etanhan ; he- 
tanhan : hence it is. 

henceforth, adv. Tokata. 

her, pron. 1. Ta'wa (winyan ka- 
pi) : her book. 2. I'ye ; he 
(Generally not expressed in In- 
dian). Call her, kipan. 

herald, n. & v. E'yaijpaha ; oyaka. 

herb, n. Wato. 

herculean, a. Ni'na wasaka. 

herd, n. Optaye ; obe. vt. Wi'- 
taya awanyaka. vi. Wi'taya 
un'pi. 

herder, n. Pteawanyake. 

here, adv. Den ; de'ci. 

hereafter, adv. Tokata. 

hereby, adv. De'ciyatanhan; de'oij* 

hereditary, a. Ainpekiciyapi. 

herein, adv. De'en. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



heresy 

heresy, ». Wooijspe to'keca. 
heretofore, adv. De i'tokam. 
heritage, ft. Hunkake etanhan yu- 

hapi. 
hermit, n. Tansna makoskan ti. 
hero, ». Itaijcaijka ; wazaza. 
heroic, a. Waditaka. 
heron, w. Hoka. 
hers, pron. I'ye ta'wa. 
herself, pron. Iyehca. 
hesitate, vi. Natunka; ecoijka- 

pii). 
hew, vt. Kakai) ; kaksa. 
hey, interj. Wan. 
hibernate, vi. Waniyetu un. 
hicknp, hiccough, vi. Mdokaska. 
hickory, w. Cansu. 

hid, pp. Of HIDE. 

hidden, pa. Nahmanpi. 

hide, hid, vt. Anahma; nahman. 

w. Ha; tatankaha; uka. 
hidebound, a. Ukaaskapa. 
hideous, a. Owanyagsica ; oasica. 
hideously, adv. Oasinya. 
hie, vi. Inahni. 

hierarchy, ». Wowakanitancanpi. 
hieroglyph, ». Woiyacinowapi. 
high, a. 1. Wankantu; tehanwan- 

kantu : a high hill. 2. Tan'ka ; 

iyotai) : high heat. adv. Wai)- 

kantuya. 
high-flown, a. Wahaijicida. 
highly, adv. Ni'na. 
high-road, ». Cai)kutai)ka. 
high-spirited, a. Iyotai) icida. 
high-toned, a. Wacintanka. 
highway, n. Caijkutaijka. 
highwayman, n. Wamanonwicasa. 
hilarity, ft. Wawihayapi. 
hill, ft. 1. Paha ; he : the river hills. 

2. Mahpazu : a hill of corn. vt. 

Pahaya akata. 
hillock, n. Paha ci'stiijna. 
hillside, n. fteunnaptai). 
hilltop, ft. Pahaii)kpa. 
hilly, a. fio'ski. 
hilt, ft. Ihupa ; wi'yuze. 
him, pron. I'ye {Generally not ex- 



83 hoe 



pressed). Give him a book, wo- 

wapi wai) ku. 
himself, pron. Iyehca. 
hind, n. Tawiye. a. He'kta. 
hinder, vt. Kaseya ; kagiya. 
hinder, a. He'kta ; unzeta. 
hinderance, n. Wokase. 
hindmost, a. He'kta ihanke. 
hinge, ft. Tiyopaokihe. vi. En 

ikoyaka. 
hint, vt. Icahtag eya ; nahmana 

okiyake. ft. Wowakta. 
hip, w. Nite. Hip-bone, nisehu. 
Upshot, a. Nisehu papsun. 
hire, vt. Kazuzu odota. Hire out, 

kazuzu oku. ft. Wokazuzu. 
hireling, n. Kazuzu yuha. 
his, pro. Ta'wa ; i'ye ta'wa. 
hiss, vi. Sdi; sdi'sdi. vt. Asdi- 

sdi ; kisica. ft. Asdisdipi ; sdi. 
hist, interj. Si. Anagoptan. 
historian, ft. Ehanna wicohai) oya- 

ka. 
history, n. Ehanna woyakapi. 
hit, vt. 1. Apa. You hit it, ni'ye 

apa. 2. Iyohi; iyecen econ. 

vi. Iyapa. ft. Apapi ; iyapa. 
hitch, vt. Iyakaska ; ikoyagya. ft. 

Ikoyagyapi ; wokagi. 
hither, adv. De'ciya. a. De'ciya- 

tanhai) ; Y. Tahena. 
hitherto, adv. Dehanyan. 
hive, ». Tuhmaga ti'pi. 
hiyes, ft. Ahinapapi. 
ho, interj. Hi'wo. 
hoar, a. Ska ; ho'.ta. 
hoard, vt. Epatai) ; mnayai). n. 

Womnaye ; o'ta. 
hoarhound, n. Canhanpisasa pa. 
hoarse, a. Ho'gita ; gi'ta. 
hoary, a. Ska. 

hoax, vt. Hna'yai). w. Wohnaye. 
hobble, vt. Siha pahta. vi. Huste- 

mani. 
hobby, ft. E'cena kuwa. 
hobby-horse, n. Can'sunktanka. 
hod, ft. Upsizaitoksu. 
hoe, ft. Mahicamna. vt. Akata. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



hoedown 



hoedown, n. Ha'sapa tawowaci. 
hoecake, n. Wokpaijpi spai). 
hog, n. Kukuse. 
hoggish, a. Ohaqsunkeca. 
hogshead, n. Kokataqka. 
hoist, vf. Wankaniyeya. 

hold, irt. 1. Yu'za ; oyuspa : hold 
the book. 2. Sutaya yuza; owaij- 
ziyuza : hold the train, 3. Yuha ; 
kuwa : hold a meeting. 4. Kipi ; 
ohna yuha : %t will hold aU. 5. 
Awacii) ; yawa : hold guiltless, 
vi. Inazin ; hehaqyena ecoi). — 
Hold forth, yutaijin ; wohdaka. 
— Hold his own, he'cehna ye. — 
Hold the horse for me, suqktan- 
ka mi'ciyuza. n. Oyuspa : lost 
his hold. Wokaske : the law has 
a hold on him. Con/kaske : a 
mountain hold. Wa'tasicu : the 
hold was full. 

holdback, n. On he'kta yu'zapi. 

holder, n. Wi'yuze. 

hole, n. Ohdoka. 

holiday, n. Woskate aijpetu. 

holily, adv. Wakaijyan. 

holiness, n. Wowakai). 

hollow, a. Skokpa ; hdo'geca ; 
ohdogeca : a hollow tree. — Hol- 
low-horn, hehdogeca. — Hollow 
of the foot, sihape. — Hollow 
cheeked, tapoi) sko'pa. vt. Yu- 
skopa : hollow out a tree. 

hollow-hearted, a. Wicakesni. 

holy, a. Wakan. 

homage, n. Woyuonihai). 

home, n. Ti'pi; tiyata; ti. At 
home, tiyata. — My home, ti'pi 
mitawa. — Take home, ahda. 

homeless, a. Ticodai). 

homely, a. 1. Okinihaijsni ; ikce- 
ka : a homely house. 2. Tiyata 
iyeceoa. 

homesick, a. Tiawakicin ; icoinni. 

homestead, n. Makoce oicu ; ti'pi. 

homeward, adv. Tiyata. 

homicide, n. Wicasta kte'pi. 

homily, n. Wowahokonkiya. 



84 horribly 

hominy, n. Pasdr.yapi. 
homogeneous, n. Okage waijzina. 
hone, n. Iyohdi ; izuza. 
honest, a. Ohan owotaijna; wo- 

wicake ; zon/ta. 
honestly, adv. Owotaqna. 
honesty, n. Woowotanna. 
honey, n. Tuhmagacahaqpi ; wa- 

stena. 
honey-comb, n. Tuhmagasii). 
honeysuckle, n. Caqwiskuye. 
honor, n. Woyuonihai). vt. Yu- 

onihai) ; ohoda. 
honorable, a. Okinihai). 
honorably, adv. Yuoqihaqyaq. 
honorary, a. Woyuonihai). 
hood, n. Sagdasin wapaha ; wa- 

postai). — Hood, oun ; okodaki- 

ciye. 
hoodwink, vt. Istaakahpa; hna'- 

yai). 
hoof, n. Sake ; woteca sake. 
hook, n. Ma'zayuksai). vt. Icu; 

ikoyaka; manoi). 
hoop, n. Canhdeska; kokawiyu- 

skite. vt. YusMta. vt. Hotoi). 
hoot, vi. Hinyaijkaga hoton. 
hop, vi. Sisani ipsica ; ipsica ; 

waci. n. Oipsica; wahpeona- 

pohye. 
}, vi. Cin ; waeiijyan ; awacii) : 

hope thou in God. n. Ta'ku 

cin'pi ; wowacin,ye ; woape. 
hopejul, a. Wacinyai) ; waste kta 

kecin ; waste kta se'ca. 
hopeless, a. Wowaciijye ni'ca. 
hopper, n. 1. Tu'we ipsica. 2. 

Ohna ohnakapi. 
horde, n. Wicobe. 
horizon, n. Mahpiya maka i'ci- 

yahde. 
horizontal, a. Mda'ya icazopi. 
horn, n. He ; ptehe ; wayazopi. 
horned, a. He'toijna. 
hornet, n. Tuhmaga kahohiyu. 
horn-owl, n. Hinhanhetonna. 
horrible, a. Ni'na si'ca. 
horribly, adv. Okokipeya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



horrid 85 



horrid, a. Okokipe. 
horrify, vt. Yusinyeya. 
horror, n. Woyusinyan. 
horse, n. Sunktanka. Y. & T. 

Sun'kawakan. Saw-horse, akan 

canbaksapi. 
horseback, adv. Sungakan. 
horse-dealer, n. Sungwopeton. 
horsefly, n. Tatawanmduska. 
horseman, n. Sungakanwicasta. 
horseshoe, n. Sakemaza. 
horsewhip, n. Sungicapsinte. 
hose, n. 1. Iyahdehunska ; Y. hu- 

yakon. 2. Mnibosdiikan. 
hospitable, a. Wonwicayesa; oftan- 

pi ; ti en i'pi waste. 
hospitably, adv. Iyokipiya. 
hospital, n. Wayazankatipi. 
hospitality, n. Wicasato'keca on- 

sidapi. 
host, n. 1. Wicota; ozuye : a host 

of people. 2. Ti'pitawa. 
hostage, n. E'ekiya kaskapi. 
hostess, n. Win 'y an ti'pitawa. 
hostile, a. To'ka ; watoghda. 
hostility, n. Kicizapi; to'kakici- 

hostler, n. Sungawanyake. 
hot, a. Ka'ta ; pa. 
hotbed, n. Owanka ka'ta. 
hotel, n. Owoteti'pi. 
hotly, adv. Ni'na ; kanya. 
hound, n. Sun'ka on wakuwapi. 
hour, n. Wi'hiyaya ; oape. 
hourly, adv. Oape iyohi. 
house, n. 1. Ti'pi ; Wasicunti'pi. 

2. Oyate, the house ofJudah. 
house, vt. Timahen e'hnaka. 
housebreaker, n. Wabotica. 
household, n. Tiwahe. 
housekeeper, n. Ti'piyuha. 
houseless, a. Ticodan. 
housemaid, n. Win'yan wowasi. 
housewarming, n. Ti 'pi tec a kici- 

copi. 
housewife, n. Ti'piyuha tawicu. 
hove, imp. of heave. 
hovel, n. Ti'pisicedan. 



hover, vi. O'ksankinyan un. 

how, adv. To'ken ; to'ketu. How 
are you, to'ken yaun he. — How 
is the corn, wamnaheza to'ketu 
he. — How far; how near, to- 
hanyan he. — How many; how 
much , to'nakeca he. — How 
large; how small, tin'skokeca 
he. Excla. Ta'ku. How far ! 
ta'ku te'han. 

howbeit, conj. He'casta. 

however, conj. He'casta. adv. To'- 
ken... esta. However good he 
is, to'ken waste esta. 

howl, vi. Hoton ; sicahowaya. 

howsoever, adv. To'ketu ce'yas. 

hub, n. Hu psunka. 

hubbub, n. S'a'se skan'pi. 

huckleberry, n. Ha'za. 

huddle, vt. Yuwitaya. vi. Wi'taya. 

hue, n. Owapi ; iuijpi. 

hug, vt. Po'skin yu'za. 

huge, a. Tan'ka ; otan tonka. 

hugely, adv. Ni'na ; otaijtonyan. 

hugger, n. Po'skin yu'za. 

hulk, n. Wa'ta tancan. 

hull, n. 1. Ha ; ozuha : nut hulls. 
2. Wa'taskokpa. vt. Ha ehpeya; 
nasdaya. 

hum, vi. Zizidowan ; a'nini do- 
wan ; hmui). inter -j. E; eharj. 

human, a. Wicasta ; wica. Human 
voice, wieaho. 

humane, a. Wicasta iyececa ; wa- 
onsida. 

humanely, adv. Waonsidaya. 

humanity, n. Wicasta. 

humanize, vi. Wicasta ka'ga. 

humanly, adv. Wicasta iwaijya- 

humble, a. On'sika; wa'hbadan. 

humbly, adv. On'siya. 

humbug, vt. Hna'yan. n. Wo- 

hnaye. 
humdrum, a. Oasica. 
humerus, n. Hintkaijhu. 
humid, a. Spa'ya. 
humiliate, vt. Yuhukuya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



humility 

humility, n. Wicowahba. 

humming-bird, n. Tanagidan. 

humor, n. 1. Tawaciq : good hu- 
mor. 2. Wowihatawacin : he is 
full of humor. 3. Mini : the 
humor of the eye, 

humorist, n. Wawiha. 

humorous, a. Wawihaye. 

humorously, adv. Wawihaya. 

lamp, n. Pazo. 

humpback, n. Caqkahupazo. 

hunch, n. Pazo : the earners hunch, 
vt. Panini. 

hundred, a. Opawhj&e. 

hung, imp. of hang. 

hunger, n. Wotektehdapi ; cin/pi. 
vi. Cantiheya : ch). 

hungry, a. Wotektehda ; docii). 

hunt, vt. Ode ; ihni ; kuwa. Hunt 
buffalo, wanase. — Hunt game 
for food, wotihni. — Hunt the 
horses, sungode. n. Wotihnipi ; 
odepi. 

hunter, huntsman, n. Wotihnisa. 

hurl, vt. Kah'o iyeya. 

hurly-burly, n. Owodutaton. 

hurrah, vt. I'yakid'a. 

hurricane, n. Tateohitika. 

hurried, pa. Inanni. 



86 idle 

hurriedly, adv. Inahniyan. 
hurry, vt. Inahniya. n. Woinanni. 
hurt, vt. Ksu'weya ; kiunniya. n. 

Wokiunni. \ 

hurtful, a. Wakiunniya ; di'ca. 
husband, n. Hinnaku ; wicasta. 

vt. Kpatai) ; kuwa. 
husbandman, n. Wozuwicadta. 
husbandry, n. Wakicanyanpi ; wa- 

kpatanni. 
hush, vt. Inina tin. vt. Tuasni. 
husk, vt. Yuga ; ha ehpeya. n. 

Ha ; wahuwapa ha. 
husky, a. Ho'gita ; ho'aica. 
hustle, vt. Ni'na 6kai) ; iyayeya. 
hustler, n. Wohitika. 
hut, n. Ti'pidai). 
huzza, interj. Wi'ynskii) pan/pi. 
hydrant, n. Minioicu. 
hyena, n. Suijgmanitusicamna. 
hymeneal, a. Kiciyuzapi. 
hymn, n. Odowai). vt. Idowaij. 
hyperbolic, a. Akawin. 
hyphen, n. O'kihe icazopi. 
hypnotize, vt. Wicahmurjga. 
hypocrisy, n. Wohnaye. 
hypocrite, n. Wicakefcni. 
hypothesis, n. Woiyacii). 
hysterics, n. HnaaMnyaqpi. 



I 



I, pro. Mi'ye ; mis ; wa. Who will 
got I will go, tu'we ye kta, 
mi'ye mde kta. — I want, waeii). 

ice, n. Ca'ga. To break through 
the ice, ca'ga naoksa. — Running 
ice, cahhiyaya. 

iceberg, n. Miniwaijca cahwita. 

icebound, a. Cahiyanica. 

icecream, n. Asanpi acahyapi. 

Iced, pa. Acahyapi. 

Iceplow, n. Cah'icazopi. 

icicle, n. Cah'oii). 

icy, a. Ca'ga se ; sni. 



I'd, contr. of I would or I had. 

idea, n. Woawacii). 

ideal, n. Woiyacii). a. Tawacii) 

en'tu ; ihaqmnapi. 
identical, a. He'ehca. 
identify, vt. Iyekiya; yawicaka; 

yuokoi) wan zidai) . 
idiom, n. Iapi okage. 
Idiot, n. Ecawitkotkoka. 
Idle, a. 1. Ta'kudai) econ sni ; 

ku'za : an idle boy. 2. Ta'ku- 

sni ; ituya ui) : idle words, vt. 

Yutakunisni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



idleness 

idleness, n. Wokuza. 

idler, n. Tu'we ku'za. 

idly, adv. Kuziteya. 

Idol, n. 1. Wakagapi ; wowakai). 

2. Ta'ku iyotaijda : he is the 

idol of his mother. 
idolater, n. Wakagapi ohoda. 
Idolatry, n. Wakagapi ohodapi. 
idolize, vt. Wakagapi yuha. 
If, cory. 1. Kinhai) : if you go. 

2. He'cinhan : s/<e ewfod if you 

had come. 3. Esta : / tcriU <;o, 

if it hills me. 
ignite, v*. Itkonya. in. Itkoi). 
ignoble, a. Ta'ku taijin ani. 
Ignominious, a. Wanteani. 
Ignorance, n. Wasdonyeani. 
Ignorant, a. Ta'kuna sdonye 6ni. 
ignore, vt. Aktaani. 
ilium, n. Nisehu. 
ill, a. Wayazai}ka : he is ill. 2. 

Si'ca : ill temper, adv. Tanyan- 

sni : ill able. 
Ulbred, a. Taij'yan icanyapisni. 
Illegal, a. Woopo ohna sni. 
Illegitimate, a. Owotannaani. 
iUfavored, a. Owaijyagaica. 
Illiberal, a. Wacintankaani. 
illicit, a. Woope kaseya. 
illiteracy, n. Waonspepiani. 
illiterate, a. Onspekeani. 
illnatured, a. Tawacinaica. 
illness, n. Woyazai). 
Ill-tempered, a. Tawacinaica. 
Ill-treatment, n. Sicayakuwapi. 
Illuminate, vt. Iyoyamya. 
Illustrate, vt. Yutaniijyan oyaka. 
illustrious, a. Okitaijii). 
lllwill, n. Tawacin&ica. 
Illy, adv. Tanyanani. 
im-, pref. Sni : imperfect. 
I'm, contr. I am. 
image, n. Wakagapi ; okagapi. 
imaginable, a. Awaciijpica. 
imagination, n. Woawacii). 
imagine, vt. Awaeii) ; kecii) ; ituya 

kecii). 
imbecile, a. Was'akeani. 



87 implement 

imbibe, vt. leu ; yanepa. 
imbue, vt. Awaciijya. 
imitate, vt. Iyecenecoi) ; un/ca. 
immaculate, a. Woaapenica. 
immaterial, a. To'kecaani. 
immature, a. Stuijka. 
immediately, adv. Wan/cahnana. 
immemorial, a. Kiksuyapi i'tokam. 
immense, a. Ni'na tan'ka. 
immerse, vt. Okaspeya ; minin 

iyeya. 
immigrant, n. Oyatetokeca. 
imminent, a. Waape ui). 
immodest, a. Isteceani. 
immoral, a. Owotannaani ; ai'ca. 
immortal, a. Owihankewanica. 
immortality, n. Wicoiitewanica. 
immovable, a. Yuakanpicasni. 
immutable, a. Yutokecapicaani. 
imp, n. Wakaijaica ciijca. 
impair, vt. Yuaica. 
impale, vt. Icam e'hde. 
impart, vt. Ku ; okiyaka. 
impartial, a. I'akidecen kuwa. 
impassable, a. O'pta yepicasni. 
impatient, a. Waeirjtaijkasni. 
impeach, vt. Iyaonpa. 
impede, vt. Eagiya. 
impel, vt. Iyayeya. 
impend, vi. Iyape hai). 
impenetrable, a. En yepicasni. 
impenitent, a. Iyopeiciyeani. 
imperative, a. Kathjyan. 
imperceptible, a. TaijinSni. 
Imperfect, a. Yustaijpiani ; on spa 

wasteani. 
imperial, a. Itancanfcca. 
imperil, vt. Otoya. 
imperious, a. Wankantu ; wanai)- 

icida. 
imperishable, a. Ihangyepicaani. 
Impertinent, a. Iyehanyaijani ; 

ohanwicastaani. 
impetuous, a. Wohitika ; onanko. 
impinge, vt. Kasewanka. 
impious, a. Waohodaani. 
implant, vt. Ozu. 
Implement, n. Wi'kicanye. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



implicate 

Implicate, vt. Aopekiya. 
implicit, a. Ecaken ; a'taya. 
implore, vt. Icekiya. 
imply, vt. Ikoyake. 
impolite, a. Ohaneciijsniyan. 
impolitic, a. Wayupikesni. 
Import 7 , vt. Oyatetokeca etanhai] 

ahi. 
im port, n. 1. Ta'kuahipi. 2. To'- 

kenkapi. 
Importance, n. Wotanka. 
important, a. Ta'kuhca. 
importune, vt. Kitanyan da. 
impose, vt. Aehuaka ; kinkiya. 
imposing, a. Wowinihan. 
imposition, n. 1. Kinkiya; aoka- 

nya kinkiyapi. 2. Aehnakapi. 
impossible, a. Okihipicasni. 
impostor, n. Tu'we wicahnaye. 
impotent, a. Wowas'ake ni'ca. 
impoverish, vt. Wahpaniya. 
impracticable, a. Eeonpicasni. 
impregnable, a. Ohiyepicasni. 
impress, vt. Apuspe ; awacinya. 
impressible, a. Wan'kadai). 
impression, n. Apuspapi ; woawa- 

cii). 
Impressive, a. Awacinwicaye. 
imprint, vt. Owa ; sutaya iko- 
yake. 
imprison, vt. Kaska. 
improbable, a. Wicadapicasni. 
impromptu, a. Piiciyesni. 
improper, a. He'cetusni. 
improve, vt. Yuwaste; tanyanki- 

cun. vi. Wasteaya ; sam ecoi). 
improvement, n. Yuwastepi ; ta'ku 

oi) yuwastepi. 
Improvident, a. Wakpataijsni. 
imprudent, a. Ksa'pesni. 
impudent, a. Istecesni. 
impugn, vt. I'eniyeya. 
Impulse, n. Wocantahde. 
impulsive, a. Tawacin onanko. 
Impunity, n. Woiyopeye co'daij. 
impure, a. E'cedansni ; si'ca. 
impute, vt. Iyaonpa ; ki'ciyawa. 
in, prep. En; niahen; ohna. In 



88 incomparable 



the house, timahen. — In time, 

iyehan. — In turn, i'ciyokiheya. 
\n%pref. Sni. 
inability, n. Okihisni. 
inaccurate, a. He'cetusni. 
inactive, a. Mdihecesni. 
inadequate, a. Iyehantusni. 
inadmissible, a. Icupicasni. 
inadvertence, n. Awaciijpisni. 
inanimate, a. Niyasni. 
inappropriate, a. Iyecetusni. 
inasmuch, adv. Ehaqtanhans ; 

he'oi). 
inattentive, a. Awacinsni. 
inaudible, a. Taninsni. 
inaugurate, vt. Ohnahde. 
inborn, a. Yuhatoijpi. 
incapable, a. Okihisni. 
incapacitate, vt. Okihisniya. 
incarcerate, vt. Kaska. 
incarnate, a. Wicacenpi. 
incase, vt. Ohnaka. 
incautious, a. Waawacindni. 
incendiary, n. Tiideya. 
incense,**. Wi'zinyapi. 
incensed, pa. Caijze. 
incentive, n. Oij'ecoi). 
Inception, n. O'tokahe. 
incessant, a. Ayustansni. 
incest, n. Takuya yu'za. 
inch, n. Napsuoiyute. 
incident, n. Woakipa ; ta'ku. a. 

Kicica ; ikoyake. 
incidental, a. Ecaken ; wanu. 
incite, vt. I'yopastaka. 
Inclement, a. Kihaijsica. 
incline, vt. En yeya. vi. Wacin- 

yuza ; patuza. 
Inclined, pa. Atakinyanhai). 
inclose, vt. Nataka ; aohomniya. 
inclosure, n. Natakapi; conkaske. 
include, vt. O'pekiya ; en un. 
inclusive, a. Ko'ya ; o'pekiya. 
incognito, a. Tu'we naicihbe. 
incoherent, a. I'cikoyakesni. 
income, n. Wokamna. 
incommode, vt. Nagiyeya. 
incomparable, a. Iyececa wanica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



incompatible 

incompatible, a. Okiciwastesni. 
incompetent, a. Waokihisni. 
incomplete, a. Yuatanpisni. 
incomprehensible, a. Okannihpi- 

casni. 
inconsiderate, a. Waawaciijsni. 
inconsistent, a. O'citkoijzeSni. 
inconvenient, a. Wowiyunyanpi- 

sica. 
inconvertible, a. Yutokecapicasni. 
incorrect, a. He'cetusni. 
incorrigible, a. Yuwastepicasni. 
incorrnptible, a. YusinpicaSni. 
increase, vt. Yuota ; yutaijka. vi. 

O'ta a'ya ; icaga. n. Aicage. 
Incredible, a. Wicadapicasni. 
increment, n. Aicage. 
incubate, vi. Mai) ; akikna un. 
inculcate, vt. Iwahokonkiya. 
Incumbent, a. Ikoyaka. 
incumbrance, n. Wokagi. 
incur, vi. AJripeiciya ; icu. 
incurable, a. Asniyepicasni. 
indebted, a. Icazo. 
indecent, a. Wowisteca. 
indecision, n. Tawacinsutasni. 
indecisive, a. Yustaqdni. 
indecorous, a. Onspeke&ni. 
Indeed, adv. A'wicakehai). excl. 

Eoa : ehai). 
indefatigable, a. Ecoijkap'insni. 
Indefensible, a. Anazinpicasni. 
indefinite, a. To'ketutaijinani. 
indelible, a. Pazuzupicadni. 
indelicate, a. A&ceca. 
Indemnity, n. Wokazuzu. 
indent, vt. Paosmaka. 
Indenture, n. Wowapi apuspapi. 
independence, n. Ta'waiciyapi. 
independent, a. Ihduha; ihduha- 

icida : ta'waiciya. 
indescribable, a. Oyagpicafcni. 
indestructible, a. Ihangyepieasni. 
index, n. Ta'ku en un oyaka. 
Indian, n. Ikcewicasta. 
indicate, vt. Pazo. 
indication, n. On sdonyapi. 
indicative, a. {Oram.) Woyaka. 



89 inevitable 

Indicator, n. Wapazo. 
indict, vt. Iyaonpa. 
indictment, n. Woiyaonpa. 
indifferent, a. To'kecasni. 
indigenous, a. Makoce ta'wa. 
indigent, a. Wahpanica. 
indigestion, n. Won'owa&tesni. 
indignant, a. Wahtedasni. 
indigo, n. Wi'toye ; tosapa. 
indirect, a. Katinyansni. 
indirectly, adv. Aohomniyan. 
Indiscernible, a. Sdonyepicasni. 
indiscreet, a. Wi'yukcanfcni. 
indiscriminate, a. To'kencinyan. 
indispensable, a. Co'dan uijpicafcni. 
indisposed, a. Ecetukesni. 
indisputable, a. I'eniyeyepicasni. 
indissoluble, a. Sdoyepicafcni. 
indistinct, a. Ohmun ; taninsni. 
indite, vt. E'ya ; owa. 
individual, n. Wicasta ; tu'we. a. 

I'yatayedai) ; wicitawa. 
Individually, adv. Iyohiya. 
indivisible, a. Kiyuspepica&ni. 
indolent, a. Ku'za ; hun'kesni. 
indomitable, a. Kaonspepicasni. 
indoor, a. Timahen. 
indorse, vt. Cazeakanowa. 
indubitable, a. Cetunhdapicasni. 
induce, vt. Cinkiya ; iyutanyai) ; 

ka'ga. 
inducement, n. Woiyutaijye. 
induct, vt. En au. 
indulge, vt. Iyowiijyai). 
industrial, a. Wokage. 
industrious, a. Ta'ku ka'gesa; mdi- 

heca. 
industry, n. Womdiheca. 
indwell, vt. En oti. 
inebriate, n. Witkos'a. 
ineffective, a. Wawokihisni. 
inelegant, a. OwasteSni. 
ineligible, a. Iyecetu&ni. 
inequality, n. O'citkonzedni. 
inert, a. Skanskai) okihisni. 
inestimable, a. Oyagpicasni ; wa- 

kapeyawaSte. 
inevitable, a. Yudnapicaani. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



inexcusable 

Inexcusable, a. Akanpepicaani. 
Inexhaustible, a. Yusonpicasni. 
inexpedient, a. Iyehantusni. 
inexpressible, a. Oyagpiea&ni. 
Infallible, a. To'hhjni yuanaani. 
infamous, a. Ni'na si'ca. 
infancy, n. Hoksiyopa oun. 
infant, n. Hoksiyopa. 
infanticide, n. Hoksiyopa kte'pi. 
infantry, n. Makaamani akicita. 
infatuate, vt. Yuhnaskinyai). 
infect, vt. Wosice kantai). 
Infectious, a. I'ciyanpaya. 
infelicity, n. Wa'piani. 
infer, vt. Iynkcan. 
Inferior, a. Hukuya; ku'ya ui). 
infernal, a. Wakaijsica. 
infest, vt. Nagiyeya ; kuwa. 
infidel, n. Wicadasni. 
Infinite, a. Woptecaani ; owihan- 

kewanica. 
infinitive, a. Ecaken. 
infirm, a. Hun/kesni ; sintii). 
infirmity, n. Woyazan. 
inflame, vt. Ideya. 
inflammatory, a. Waideya. 
Inflate, vt. Yupogaij. 
inflexible, a. Yutokecapicaani. 
inflict, vt. Ecakicoi) ; iyopeya. 
influence, vt. Iyutanye ; ecoijkiya. 

n. Woiyutanye ; wowas'ake. 
influential, n. Oie nanonpi. 
influenza, n. I'ciyaza honpapi. 
Influx, n. Oahi ; en u. 
inform, vt. Okiyaka ; sdonyekiya. 
Informal, a. Ikceka. 
informally, adv. Ikceya. 
informant, n. Tu'we wokiyake. 
information, n. Wosdonye. 
informed, pa. Wasdonya. 
informer, n. Tu'we okiyaka. 
Infraction, n. Kicaksapi. 
Infringe, vt. Awantani. 
infuse, vt. En okastai) ; ozuya. 
ingenious, a. Wayupika. 
ingraft, vt. En o'&tan. 
ingratitude, n. Pidapisni. 
ingredient, n. On ka'gapi. 



90 inscrutable 

ingress, n. En ya. 

inhabit, vt. En ti. 

inhabitant, n. En ti'pi. 

inhale, vt. Yahota. 

inhere, vi. Ikoyaka. 

Inherit, vt. Hunkake aihpeya. 

inhospitable, a. Wonwicayeani. 

inhuman, a. Wicasta iyececesni 

inimical, a. To'kaye. 

inimitable, a. Wakapa. 

iniquity, n. WoaMani. 

initial, a. Otokahe. 

initiate, vt. TokaeconWya. 

Inject, vt. Mahen iyeya. 

injudicious, a. Wi'yukcaqani. 

injure, vt. Yuaica. 

Injurious, a. Wayusica. 

injustice, n. Woowotannaani. 

ink, n. Minisapa. 

inkling, n. Wowa^ta. 

inkstand, n. Minisapa ozuha. 

Inland, a. Heyata. 

inlay, vt. Okookastan. 

inlet, n. Okahmii) ; ondoka. 

inmate, n. En ti. 

inmost, a. Mahentunca. 

inn, n. Owotetipi. 

innate, a. Ecahececa. 

inner, a. Mahentu. 

innocence, n. WoaManicodai). 

innocent, a. Wahtanisni; wayu- 

sicesni. 
innovation, n. Ituwayutokecapi. 
innumerable, a. Yawapieasni. 
inoculate, vt. O'stai) ; pandoka. 
inoffensive, a. Wayusicesni. 
inordinate, a. Aokageca. 
inorganic, a. Okahcodai). 
inquest, n. Wawiwaijhomniciye. 
inquire, vt. & vi. Iwaijga ; akita. 
inquiring, pa. Wawiwanga. 
inquisitive, a. Wasdonyewacii). 
Inroad, n. Canku. 
insane, a. Waciijhnuni. 
insatiable, a. I'mnasni. 
inscribe, vt. Sutaya owa. 
inscription, n. Owapi. 
inscrutable, a. Okanninpicasni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



insect 91 

Insect, n. Watutka. 
insecure, a. Okope. 
insensible, a. Kiksuyesni; tan- 

insni. 
insensibly, adv. Taninsniyan. 
inseparable, a. Yukinukaijpicasni. 
insert, vt. En'iyeya ; ostai). 
inside, j>rep. Mahen. a. Mahentu. 

n. Mahentu ; supe. 
insidious, a. Waape. 
insight, n. Mahenwakita. 
insignia, n. Wa'petokeca. 
insignificant, a. Ta'kusni. 
insincere, a. Wicakesni. 
insinuate, vt. Nanman en i ; atan- 

insnieya. 
insipid, a. Takumnasni. 
insist, vi. Kitan. 
insolent, a. Tan'kaicida. 
insoluble, a. flpanyan picasni. 
insolvent, a. Kazuzu okihisni. 
insomuch, adv. Hehanyan 
inspect, vt. Amdeza. 
Inspector, n. Wa'mdeza. 
inspiration, n. Woniya ; ecoijkiya. 
inspire, vt. Onlya ku. vi. Niya. 
instability, n. Tawacin sutasni. 
install, vt. Sutaya hde. 
instance, n. Woecon ; he'ceca. 
Instant, a. Wan'cahna ; dehantu. 

n. Wowasaghde ; onazii). 
instantly, adv. Wan'cahnana ; ki- 

tanyan. 
Instead of, prep. E'ekiya. 
instep, n. Siitakaha. 
instigate, vt. Econkiya. 
instill, vt. Onspekiya. 
instinct, n. Iyeciijkaawaciijpi. a. 

Aiciciya. 
Instinctively, adv. Iyecinka. 
institute, vt. Hde ; ka'ga. n. Ta'ku 

hde'pi ; woope ; woonspetipi. 
instruct, vt. Onspekiya. 
instruction, n. Woonspe ; woope ; 

to ken econsipi. 
Instructive, a. On onspepi wa'ste. 
instructor, n. Waonspekiya. 
instrument, n. Icuwa ; wowapi. 



interest 

instrumental, a. On'econpi. In- 
strumental music, can'dowaij- 
kiyapi. 

insubordinate, a. Wananoijsni. 

insufferable, a. Otawatesica. 

Insufficient, a. Iyenakecasni. 

insulate, vt. Isnaehde. 

Insult, vt. Ostehda. Insult a 
woman, wikisde. 

insuperable, a. Okihipicasni. 

insupportable, a. Tawatenyepica- 
sni. 

insurance, n. Idekazuzupi. 

insure, vt. Idekazuzu. 

insurgent, n. Wakipazin. 

insurmountable, a. Adipicasni. 

insurrection, n. Wokipazin. 

intact, a. Zani ; he'cehna. 

intangible, a. Yutanpicasni. 

integer, n. A'taya. 

integrity, n. Wozani. 

intellect, n. Wasdonye ; nasn. 

intellectual, a. Waawacin. 

intelligence, n. Wasdonyapi ; wo- 
sdonye. 

intelligent, a. Wasdonya. 

intemperance, n. Iyatandeiciyapi ; 
witkopi. 

intend, vt. Wacinyuza ; awacii). 

intense, a. To'kenokihi; wohi- 
tika. 

intensely, adv. Ni'na. 

intent, n. Tawacii). 

intention, n. Waciijyuza. 

intentional, a. Cin'econpi. 

intently, adv. Awacinhca. 

Inter 7 , vt. da ; hna'ka. 

in'ter-, pref. Otahedan. 

Intercede, vt. Iciya. 

intercept, vt. Otahenaicu. 

intercession, n. Icekiyapi. 

interchange, vt. Kici<?u. 

intercourse, n. Ki'ciskanpi. 

interdict, vt. Tehirjda. 

interest, vt, Awacinya ; en e'wa- 
cin. n. Waawacinpi ; iyowa- 
zapi ; ma'zaska aicage ; aicage ; 
ta wayapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



interesting 

interesting, pa, Onahon waste; awa- 

ciijpiwaste. 
interfere, vi. En iyeiciya ; kagiya. 
interference, ft. Wokagi. 
interim, ft. Oko ; iyozipi. 
interior, a. Mahentu. 
interject, vt. Maheniyeya. 
interjection, w. Ihnuhaneyapi. 
interline, vt. Otahedanowa. 
Intermarry, vi. Kici kiciyuza. 
intermeddle, vi. Iyowazasniskan. 
interment, ft. Wicahnakapi. 
Intermingle, vi. Icahiya an. 
Intermission, n. Oko. 
intermit, vt. Ci'stiyedai) econsni. 
internal, a. Mahentaijhan. 
international, a. Oyate wi'ciyota- 

hedai). 
Interpolate, vt. Iapi akaga. 
interpose, vt. En iyeya ; en hiyui- 

ciya. 
interpret, vt. Ieskaoyaka. * 
interpreter, n. Ieska. 
interrogate, vt. Wi'wanga. 
interrupt, vt. Kagiya ; anapta. 
intersect, vt. I'cipawega. 
intersperse, vt. Enana ehde. 
Intertwine, vt. Icahi yuwi. 
Interval, ft. Oko ; otahedai). 
intervene, vi. Otahedai) un. 
interview, vt. Wi'waijga. 
intestate, a. Woyuha oij tak eye* 

sni. 
Intestine, a. Mahentu. 
intimate, a. Kici un sa ; ikiyena ; 

mahentu. vt. Onspa yataijii). 
intimidate, vt. Yusinyeya. 
Into, prep. Mahenjen. 
intolerable, a. Tawatenyepicasni. 
intolerant, a. Iyowinyesni. 
intoxicate, vt. Witkoya. 
intoxicated, a. Witko. 
intractable, a. Kuwapicasni. 
intransitive, a. Aihpeyapisni. 
intransitu, a. Toksupi en. 
intrepid, a. Itonpesni. 
intricate, a. Oskiske. 
intrigue, n. Nahmai) skan'pi. 



92 irksome 

Intrinsic, a. A'tayedai). 
introduce, vt. En iyeya ; en ahi. 

2. Tuweoyaka. 
introductory, a. Otokahe. 
Intrude, vt. Kitanskan ; iyecetu- 

sni en i. 
intuition, n. Ecakensdonyapi. 
inundate, vt. Amnitan. 
Inure, vt. Ecewaktaya. vi. Ki'- 

cihai). 
invade, vi. En i ; takpei. 
invalid, a. Sihtii). 
invalid, a. Ta'kusni. 
invalidate, vt. Ta'kusniya. 
invaluable, a. Waokiyehca ; ni'na 

waste. 
Invariable, a. He'cetuwanzica. 
invariably, adv. O'hinni. 
invasion, n. Wotakpe ; eni'pi. 
invective, n. Woyasihtin. 
inveigh, vi. En ohoyeya. 
invent, vt. Ka'ga ; tokakaga. 
inventive, a. Okahwayupika. 
inventor, n. Tokawohdoka. 
in'ventory, w. Woyuhaowapi. 
inverse, a. Unman eciyatanhai). 
invest, vt. En e'hnaka ; kicun ; 

akahpa; unkiya. 
investigate, vt. To'ketu ode. 
inveterate, a. Ayustan. okihisni. 
invidious, a. Wahtesni. 
invigorate, vt. Was'agya. 
invincible, a. Ohiyepicasni. 
invisible, a. Wanyagpicasni. 
invitation, n. Kicopi. 
Invite, vt. Kico ; iyutanye. 
invoice, n. Woyuhaowapi. 
Invoke, vt. Icekiya. 
involuntary, a. Awachjsni. 
involve, vt. Aopekiya. 
invulnerable, a. O'picasni. 
Inward, a. & adv. Mahentu. 
iodine, n. Iunpizi. 
iota, ft. Ci'stinna. 
Iowa, np. Ayuhba. 
ire, ft. Wocanze. 
Irish, ft. Sagdasaiasica. 
irksome, a. Wawicatuka. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



iron 

Iron, n. Ma'za ; mazasapa ; mazi- 
pamdaye. a. Ma'za iyececa; 
suta. vt. Ma'za ikoyaka ; ma'- 
za okatai). 

ironical, a. I'had eyapi. 

irrational, a. Waciijksapesni. 

irreconcilable, a. YuwastepicasDi. 

irregular, a. Woopeohnasni ; ka- 
tiijyaijsni. 

irrelevant, a. A'etoptasni. 

irreligious, a. Ta'ku Wakai) oho- 
dasni. 

irreparable, a. Piyepicasni. 

irresistible, a. I'tkokipepicaSni. 

irresolute, a. Tawaciijhahadai). 

Irreverent, a. Waohodasni. 

irrigate, vt. Wozupi amnitaijya. 

irritable, a. Waciijhiijyaijza. 

irritate, a. Yucaijze ; yazaqya. 

irruption, n. Ahinaqpapi. 

is, am, are, be, vi. 1. Uij ; yai}ka : 
he is well. 2. E'e : this is the 
man. 3. He'ca : this is a horse. 



93 jest 



island, isle, n. Wi'ta. 

islander, n. Witoti. 

isolate, vt. Ifcnana uijkiya. 

Issue, vt. Wicaku; pamni: issue 
clothing, vi. U ; hinaijpa ; owi- 
haqkeya. n. Hiyu ; uya ; ta'ku 
hiyu ; ciijca ; owihaijke. 

Isthmus, n. Makoce skiskita. 

it, pro. He. It is I, he miye. 
{Generally unexpressed in Da- 
kota.) It snows, wapa. — It is 
too body ni'na sicaya. 

Italic (letters), a. Oowa atakiijyai). 

itch, n. Yaspuyapi. 

itchy, a. Yaspuya. 

item, n. Ptenyena oyakapi ; oi- 
yawa. 

itemize, vt. Kpaijyena oyaka. 

itinerate, vi. Iyaza omani. 

its, pron.pos. Heta'wa. 

Itself, pron. Iyehca. 

ivory, n. Pasuhaijska hi. 

ivy, n. Wi'yuwi ecato. 



Jab, vt. Capa ; capaiyeya. 
jabber, vt. Oijspekesni ia. 
Jack, n. Koska ; wica ; fcoij'soi)- 

mdoka; ma'zaicuwa; wi'yoki- 

hedai). 
Jackall, n. Suijgmanitu. 
Jackass, n. Soij'soijmdoka. 
jacket, n. Okdeonzhjca 
Jack-knife, n. Mi'yuksizapi. 
jaded, pa. Watuka. 
jag, n. fici ; wokiij. 
jagged, a. fici'hci ; he'he. 
jail, n. Owicakaske. 
jailbird, n. Tu'we kaskapi. 
Jailer, n. Wokaske awaqyake. 
jam, vt. Wi'tayaiyeya ; paskica ; 

vi. Kataiheya. n. O'cikaqsni ; 

waskuyeca yuzapi. 
Jamb, n. Tiyopaozuha. 
jangle, n. Akinicapi ; yuwiwi. 



Janitor, n. Tiyopaawaijyake. 

January, n. WiteM. 

Jar, vt. Yuhuhuza. n. Wocaijcaq ; 

makacega. 
Jargon, n. Iapihcasni. 
jaunt, n. Wi'kcekceomanipi. 
javelin, n. Wahukezadai). 
jaw, n. Cehupa. vt. Aia. 
jay, n. Zitkato. 
jealous, a. Nawizi. 
jealousy, n. Wowinawizi. 
Jeer, vt. Iha. 
Jehovah, np. Jehowa. 
jehu, n. Suijgkahapaohitika. 
jelly, n. Nini. 

jeopardize, vt. Okokipe ka'ga. 
jeopardy, n. Wokokipe. 
jerk, vt. Yukabicu; kahoiyeya. 

Jerked meat, pa'pa. 
jest, vi. I'had eya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Jester 

Jester, n. Wawihaka. 

Jet, n. Obosdi ; in'yansapa. 

Jew, np. Judawicasta. v. Yahu- 

kuya. 
Jewel, n. In'yanteftika ; oh). 
Jibe, vi. O'citkoijza. 
jig, n. Wowaci ohanko. 
jigjog , adv. Kahoho. 
Jill, n. Wikoskadan. 
jilt, v<. Okiya hna'yan. 
jingle, vt. Yusna. vi. Sna'sna. 
Job, vt. Opiye ecehna wi'yopeya. 

n. Woecoi). 
Jockey, n. &ui)gkuwawicasa. vt. 

Hna'yai). 
Jocose, a. Wowiha. 
jocular, a. Wawihaha. 
Jog, vt. Panini. vi. Nacamya. 
join, vt. 1. Yuokonwaniidan ; i'ci- 

koyagya : join fortunes; join 

the ends. 2. O'pa ; kici ya : I 

will join you. 3. Kici ecoi) : 

join battle, vi. 1. I'ciyokihe 

un : the farms join. 3. O'kon- 

wanzidai) un : let us join in our 

work. a. Pta'ya. 
Joint, n. O'kihe ; obaspe. Put out 

of joint, papsun. 
Jointed, a. O'kihe yukai). 
Jointly, adv. Wi'taya. 
Joist, n. Owanka eutuhu. 
Joke, vt. I'hadeciya. vi. I'hadeya. 

n. Wowiha ; wowiha iapi. 
Jollification, n. Wihahakiciyapi. 
jolly, a. Wi'haha ; wowiha. 
jolt, vt. Kahuhuza. 
jostle, vt. Panini ; yucancai). 
jot, n. Wokpe; ci'stiyedan. vt. 

Ptenyedan owa. 
journal, n. Anpetuiyohi owapi ; 

wotai) in wo wapi ; w i c o h a r\ 

owapi. 
journalist, n. Wotaijinka'ga. 
journey, n. Oicimani. vi. I'cima- 

niya. 
journeyman, n. Wowasi econo- 

mani. 
jovial, a. Wi'yuskin ; wi'haha. 



94 just 

owl, n. Cehupa. 

oy, n. Wowiyuskii). 

oyful, a. Wi'yuskin. 

oyfully, adv. Wi'yuskinyan. 

oyless, a. Wowiyuskii) co'dan. 

oyous, a. Wi'yuskii). 

ubilant, a. Wi'yuskii) pan 'pan. 

nbilee, n. Wowiyuskii) anpetu. 

udfe, n. Wayaco ; wayasu. vt. 

Yaco ; Y. & T. yasu ; yukeai) ; 

iyukcan. 
judgment, n. Woyaco ; woyasu ; 

wowiyukcai) ; wi'yukcaijpi. 
judicatory, n. Wi'yukcan omni- 

ciye. 
judicature, n. Wi'yukcanpi. 
judicial, a. Wi'yukcan. 
judicious, a. Wowiyukcai) ohna ; 

waste. 
jug, n. Makazanzai). 
juggle, vt. Hna'yan. vi. Wakan- 

kanyandkan. 
juggler, n. Wapiya. 
jugular, a. Tahu. 
juice, n. Hanpi ; mini. 
juicy, a. Hanpi o'ta. 
July, n. Mdokecokawi ; canpa- 

sawL 
jumble, vt. To'kencinyai) ehpeya. 

n. To'ketutaniijsni. 
jump, vt. Ipsica ; wankankan iye- 

ya; ipsinkiya. n. Oipsica. 

Jump over, apsica. 
junction, n. I'ciyohpaya ; mdo'te. 
Juncture, n. Woakipa. 
June, n. Wazustecasawi. 
jungle, n. Otehi ; taskozu. 
junior, a. Hakakta ; o'kihe. 
Jupiter, n. Wakinyai). 
jurisdiction, n. Woawaijyake. 
jurist, n. Waaiawicasa. 
juror, n. Wi'yukcankiyapi. 
jury, w. Wi'yukcai) optaye. 
just, a. Owotanna ; woope yuha : 

a just man. adv. 1. Iyehantu- 

dan ; hehantudai) hca : just 

noon. 2. Ki'tanna : J can just 

see. 3. fica : just alike; just 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



justice 

now. 4. He'e hca : just to hurt 

me. 
justice, n. Woowotanna ; wowi- 

cake. 
Jnstif icatlon, n. Yuowotannapi. 



95 knave 



justify, vt. Yuowotanna. 
justly, adv. Owotanna. 
justness, n. Woowotanna. 
Jut, vi. Pazohiyu. 
juvenile, n. Wakanheia. 



K 



Kansas, n. Kan'ze ; Kahanze. 

keel, n. Wa'ta sicu. 

keen, a. 1. Pe : a keen edge; a 
keen breeze. 2. Wacinksapa : 
a keen lawyer. 

keenly, adv. Ni'na. 

keep, vt. Yuha; awanyaka. vi. 
Ui) ; yai)ka. Keep at it, ayu- 
stai) sni skan. — Keep his bed, 
owanka en ui). — Keep cool, 
mdesya ihduha. — Keep com- 
pany, o'hanhdeya. — Keep down, 
kun yu'za. — Keep a feast, omni- 
ciye econ. — Keep for, ki'ciyu- 
ha. — Keep from, neyam yuha. 
— Keep on, san'pa econ. — Keep 
out of, etanhai) ihduha. — Keep 
still, inina un; owanzi un. — 
Keep the road, canku ohna ya. 
— Keep up, iyehan ui). — Keep 
warm, cosya un.-rlTeep well, 
zaniyan un. 

keeper, n. Wa'wanyake. 

keeping, n. Woawanyake ; awan- 
yake ; okiciwaste. 

keepsake, n. Oi) kiksuyapi. 

ken,trt. Sdonya. ! 

kennel, n. Sun'katipi. 

kept, imp. of keep. 

kernel, n. Co ; su. 

kerosene, n. Petizanzai) wi'hdi. 

kettle, n. Ce'ga. 

key, n. 1. Iyuhdoka ; Y. iyusdo- 
ka ; T. iyuhloka. 2. Iyuhomni : 
watch-key. 3. Ho oiyahe. 

keyhole, n. Iyusdoke ohdoka. 

key-note, n. Hohute. 

keystone, n. In'yanawakeyapii- 
tancai). 



kick, vt. Nahtaka; nabagbaka. 

Kick up a fuss, woskiske ka'ga. 

n. Wonahtake. 
kid, n. Tatokadancinca; tatokaha. 
kidnap, vt. Wicasta manon. 
kidney, n. Paksin ; Y. azuntka. 
kill, vt. Kte ; teya ; ehpeya. 
killer, n. Wicakte. 
kiln, n. In/yai) acetipi. 
kin, n. Wotakuye. 
kind, a. Waoqsida : waste. Kind 

to, on/sida. n. Ocaze ; obe. 
kindle, vt. Ideya : ka'ga. vi. Ide. 
kindling, n. On ideyapi. 
kindly, adv. Waondidaya ; cante- 

wasteya. 
kindness, n. Wowaonaida. 
kindred, a. & n. Takukiciyapi. 
klne, n. Ptewiye. 
king, n. Wicastayatapi. 
kingdom, n. Wokiconze. 
kingfisher, n. Eusdeca. 
kink, n. Oyuha. vt. Yuhaha. 
kinky, a. Yumnimniza. 
kinnikinic, n. Cansaaa. 
kinsfolk, n. Wotakuye. 
Kiowa, n. Wi'tapaha. 
kip, n. Ptezicanaha. 
kiss, vt. Fitputaka. 
kissing, n. I'itputakapi. 
kit, n. Eokana ; inmu cinca. 
kitchen, n. Owohetipi. 
kite, n. Minihuhakiyekiyapi ; upi- 

zate tan'ka. 
kitten, n. Inmusunkana. 
kitty, n. Inmusunka cincana. 
knack, n. Wowayupika. 
knapsack, n. Wapapsunka. 
knave, n. Wicahnayesa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



knead 96 



knead, vt. Patinza. 

knee,*. Hupahu ; eiyoto ; T.&T. 
eankpe. 

kneel, knelt, vt. Canpeskamakahde 
inazin. 

knee-pan, n. Takangi. T. Cai)- 
kpehu. 

knell, ». Pan'panpi. 

knew, trop. of know. 

knlcknack, w. Ta'kuani. 

knife, ». Isan. Y. Mi'na. T. Mi'- 
la. Butcher -knife, isanpesto ; 
mi'napesto. — Case-knife, isan- 
mdaska ; mipisda. — Pocket- 
knife, isaijyukatinpi ; miyukai- 
zapi. 

knight, n. Wowaste itancan. 

knit, vt. Kazonta; ikoyaka; yuski. 

knives, n. pi. of knife. 

knob, n. Psunka. 

knock, vt. Apa : fcnocfc him on the 
head. 2. Kabubu; katoto : knock 
at the door. Knock a thing 
away , kakamiyeya. — Knock 
down, kawanka; kun enpeya. 
— Knock a hole, kandoka. — 



Knock off, kaha iyeya. — Knock 
out the eye, ista kakpa. — Knock 
together, i'ciyapa. — Knock un- 
der, kahukun iyeya. — Knock 
up, kawankan iyeya. ». Kato- 
topi ; oape. 

knoll, ft. Pazodan ; paha. 

knot, n. 1. Okaake : tie a knot. 
A bow-knot, okaake yusdutapi. 
2. Adetka; osnaze: the board 
wasfuU of knots. 

knotty, a. Adetka o'ta ; yuwi ; iyn- 
kcantenika. 

know, knew, vt. 1. Sdonya: do 
you know the road. 2. Onspe : 
/ know my lesson. 3. Iyekiya : 
I don't know you. 

knowledge, n. Wosdonye. 

known, pp. of know. 

knuckle, n. Napakaha. vi. Patus 

UI). 

kodak, n. On'iteicupicika. 

Kootenai, np. Sku'tani." 

Koran, np. Mohammed Wowapi- 

wakan. 
Kwapas, np. Pe'sa. 



label, n. Kansu ; wowasagkde. 
labor, vi. fltani. n. Wontani. 
laboratory, n. Oskinciyetipi. 
labored, a. On ni'na ntanipi. 
laborer, n. Tu'we Mani ; wo- 

waai. 
laborious, a. Econpi tenike ; tke ; 

ni'na akan. 
lace, ft. Sinaapahdate gangan. 

vt. Iyakaska ; yuwi. 
lacerate, vt. Bahonhon. 
lack, vt. Ni'ca ; iyokpaniun ; ica- 

kiza ; iyohiani. 
laconic, a. Coya ; pte'cena. 
lacrimal, a. Istamni. 
lacrosse, n. Takapsieapi. 



lad, n. Koakana. 

ladder, n. Caniyadipi. Y. Can- 

nakde. 
lade, vt. Kiijkiya ; ozudanya. 

Laden, ozudan ; wakin. 
ladle, n. Iyokapte. 
lady, ladies, n. Win'yan ; win'yan- 

waste. 
lady's slipper, n. Pi'skotahanpe. 
lag, vi. He'ktaun ; hanhi. 
laggard, n. Hun'kesni. 
lagoon, n. Minikazedan. 
laid, pp. of lay. 
lair, n. Wamaniti. 
lake, n. Mde. 
lamb, n. Ta'hcaska cinca. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



lame 

lame, a. Huste; ecetusni. vt. 
Yuecetusni. 

lamely, adv. On'siya. 

lament, vt. Aceya. t*. Ce'ya. 

lamentable, a. Oiyokisica. 

lamp, n. Petizanzan. 

lampblack, n. Wi'sapa ; cehnagi. 

lance, n. Wahukeza. vt. Capa. 

lancet, n. Kanicakpe. 

land, n. Maka; makoce. M>wf 
totw?, maka spa'ya. — View the 
land, makoce waqyaka. vt. 
fletezu. vi. Ihuni ; hihuni. 

landing, n. Oahuni ; hihuni. 

landlady, n. Win'yai) tiyuha. 

landlord, n. Owotetipiyuha. 

landmark, n. Wowasaghde. 

land-office, n. Makoce owiyopeye. 

landscape, n. Makoce owanyake. 

landslide, n. Makoce kaoksa. 

landwarrant, n. Makoce on icupi. 

lane, n. Cankuacankaskapi. 

language, n. Iapi. 

languid, a. Ahtate; waecoijkapin. 

languish, vi. fiaijye. 

languor, n. Woeconkapin. 

lank, a. Sta'ka ; tamaheca. 

lantern, n. Tankanpetizanzan. 

lap, n. Siyoto ; cankpe. vt. I'ta- 
kihna iyeya ; sdi'pa. 

lap-dof, n. Siyoto sun'ka. 

lapse, vi. Hiyaya ; ihunni. 

larboard, n. Wa'tacatkata. 

larceny, n. Womanon Grand lar- 
ceny, womanoi) tan/ka. 

lard, n. Kukuee ihdi. 

large, a. Tan'ka ; woptecasni. So 
large, hin skotanka. 

largely, adv. Tan/kaya. 

lariat, n. Wi'kan ikceka. 

Iark,n. Sdo'sdona. 

larva, n. Wamduskana. 

lascivious, a. Ecinsniyan. 

lash, n. Icapsinteikai) ; apapi. vt. 
Apa ; kapsinpsinta. 

lass, n. Wikoska. 

lasso, vt. Wi'kankah'ooyuspa. n. 
Wi'kaq. 



97 lawyer 

last, a. & adv. Ehake : the last 
cent. Hekta : last Summer. At 
last, owihanke ekta; un'han- 
keta. vi. Ecen un j te'han un. 
n. Can/siha. 

lastly, adv. Ehake. 

lasting, pa. Te'han un. 

latch, n. Inatake. 

late, adv. Te'han. a. 1. Te'han 
hi sni : a late Spring. 2. Aska- 
tudan : late news. 3. Te'hantu ; 
ihanketa : he was late coming. 
Of late, askatudan. 

lately, adv. Askatudan. Y. De- 
cana. 

latent, a. Taninsni un. 

later, a. Iyohakam. 

lateral, a. Bdakinyai). 

latest, a. Ehake. 

lath, n. Cansbuna. 

lathe, n. Yuhomni pazipapi. 

lather, n. Wipazaza tage. 

latltade, n. Ohdakinyan. 

latterly, adv. Askatudan. 

laud, vt. Yatan ; yatanka. 

laudable, a. Yawastepica. 

laudanum, n. Istinma pezuta sbu. 

laudatory, a. Wayatanpi. 

laugh, vi. lha. n. Ihapi. 

laughable, a. Wowifta. 

laughter, n. Ihapi. 

launch, vt. Mininiyeya ; iyayeya. 
n. Wa'tamdaska. 

laundress, n. Win 'y an wozaza. 

laundry, n. Wozazatipi. 

lava, n. In/yai) sdo. 

lavatory, n. Owozaza. 

laver, n. Ohna wozazapi. 

lavish, a. O'tayusota ; wayusota. 

law, w. Woope ; wowasukiye - y 
woecon ; wa'kiyapi. 

lawful, a. Woopeohna ; he'cetu. 

lawgiver, n. Woopekaga. 

lawless, a. Woope ahopesni. 

lawn, n. Ticahda pezito ; mini- 
huha. 

lawsuit, n. Woope ekta kuwapi. 

lawyer, n. Waaiawicasta. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



lax 



98 



lenient 



Iftx, a. Tiq'zeAni ; sutaani. 
laxly, adv. To'kencinyan. 
lay, vt. 1. E'hnaka : lay it down. 

— 2. Okada : lay eggs. — 3. 

Enpeya : lay waste the country. 

— 4. Yuwiyeya : lay plans. — 

5. Kun iyeya : lay tlie storm. 

Lay away, kihuaka. — Lay hold, 

oyuspa. imp. of lie, which 

see. n. Odowai) ; makomdaye. 

a. Itancai) sni. 
layer, n. Oehnake ; okage. 
layman, n. Itancandui. 
latily, adv. Iwahnana. 
laziness, n. Wicokuza. 
lazy, a. Ku'za ; hun'kesni ; ecoij- 

kapin. 
leach, vt. Ske'pa. 
lead, n. Ma'zasu. 
lead, led, vt. A'ya ; yus a'ya : lead 

your sister, vi. 1. Tokaheya 

ya : you lead. 2. Iyahde : leads 

to the river, n. O'tokahe ; 

oyanke tokaheya. 
leader, n. Wotokahai) ; itancai). 
lading, pa. Tokahai). 
leaf, leaves, n. Ape; canwapa. 

vi. Ape uya. 
leafless, a. Ape wanica. 
leafy, a. Ape o'ta. 
league, n. 1. Wodakota; okodaki- 

ciye. 2. Makaiyutapi ya'mni. 
leak, vt. 1. Kuse : the pail leaks. 

2. Ohiyu : the roof leaks. 
leaky, a. Euse. 
lean, a. Tamaheca. vt. Ataoi)pa ; 

patuza. vi. Icanhai) ; kaonya 

hai). 
leap, leapt, vt. Apsica : leap the 

fence, vi. Ipsica. n. Oipsica. 
leap-frog, n. AJricipsicapi. 
leap-year, n. Waniyetu itopa. 
learn, vt. Oijspeiciciya ; iyukcai). 

vi. Oijspe ; okanniga ; nahoi). 
learned, a. Waonspeka. 
learning, n. Wosdonye ; wo- 

ksape. 
lease, vt. Oku ; makoce oku. 



a. Iyotai) ci'stujna. adv. 

Iyotai). 
leather, n. Tataijkaha ; taha. 
leave, left, vt. 1. Enpeya; ayu- 

stai) ; kihnaka : leave it here. 

2. Okapta i not a drop left. 2. 

Tokai) ya : / want him to leave. 

n. Woiyowiijkiya ; mapeyuzapi. 
leaven, n. Wi'naponye. vt. Na- 

ponya. 
leaves, n. pi. of leaf. 
leavings, n. Okaptapi. 
lecherous, a. Wicins'a. 
lecture, vt. Wahokoqkiya. n. Wo- 

wahokonkiye. 
led, imp. of lead. 
ledge, n. In'yai) maya. 
ledger, n. Oicazowowapi tan/ka. 
lee, n. I'tahdahbe. 
leech, n. Tusda. 
leek,n. Psin. 

leer, vi. Hdakinyanetonwan. 
left, imp. of leave. 
left, a. Oatka ; napecatka. 
leg, n. Hu ; huha ; oyaya. 
legacy, n. Waihpeyapi. 
legal, a. Woope ohna. 
legalize, vt. Woope oi) yuecetu. 
legend, n. Ehannawoyakapi. 
legged, a. Hu yuha. 
legging, n. Hun ska. 
legible, a. Yawapiwaste. 
legion, n. Ni'naota. 
legislate, vi. Woopeka'ga. 
legislature, n. Woopekaga omni- 

cive. 
legitimate, a. Woopeohna. 
leisure, n. Oko ; ta'ku ecoijsni. 
leisurely, adv. Inahuisniyai). 
lemon, n. Taspanzi han/ska. 
lemonade, n. Taspaqzihaqpi. 
lend, lent, vt. Oku. 
length, n. Ohaqska. At length, 

un'hanketa ; haij'skeya. 
lengthen, vl. Yuhanska. 
lengthwise, adv. Ohai)skaya. 
lengthy, a. Han 'ska. 
lenient, a. Waoqsida ; wa'hba. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



lenity 

lenity, n. Wowahba. 

leas, n. Istazanzan zanzai). 

lent, n. Akihaijiciyapi hai) ska. 

lent, imp. of lend. 

leopard, n. Inmuhdeska. 

leper, n. Leprosy ececa. 

leprosy, n. UkahdiSica woyazan. 

less, a. & adv. A'okpani ; ihukun ; 
ci'stiijna. suf. Co'dan ; wani- 
ca : a fatherless child. 

lessen, vt. Yucistina ; yuaokpani. 

lesser, a. Ci'stiijna. 

lesson, n. Woope. 

lest, conj. O'kini. 

let, vt. 1. Iyowinkiya; ito. Let 
alone, ayustai). — Let doicn, 
kun'iyeya. — Let go, ayustai). — 
Let in, en'iyeya. 2. Oku; ka- 
zuzu oku : he let his farm. 

lethargy, w. Wokuza. 

letter, n. 1. Wowapi (kici^upi 
he'ca) : write me a letter. 2. 
Oowa : he don't know his letters. 
3. Wowapi oijspe : a man of 
letters, vt. Oowa ka'ga. 

lettuce, n. Wahpeyutapi. 

levee, n. 1. Kicicopi: the pres- 
ident's levee. 2. Wakpa o'huta. 

level, a. Mda'ya ; iyehanyan wai)- 
kantu. vt. Yumdaya. n. Omda- 
yo ; wankantu oiyute. 

lever, n. Caijipaptanye. 

levity, n. Tke'sni ; ta'kusni. 

levy, vt. Mnayeai ; aehnaka. 

lewd, a. Si'ca ; wiciijpi. 

lexicon, n. Ieskawowapi. 

liable, a. Ikoyake ; iyeoeca. 

liar, n. Itoijsni ; owewakan. 

libel, n. Woyasica. vt. Yasica. 

liberal, a. Ohaijpi : a liberal giver; 
okamdaya : a liberal education; 
to'ken ciij'cin : a liberal thinker. 
n. I'ye to'ken cin un. 

liberate, vt Kiyuska. 

libertine, n. Wi'hduhesni ; wica- 
wihomni. 

liberty, n. Ta'waieiyapi ; woiyo- 
winkiye. 



99 lightning-bug 

librarian, n. Wowapiawanyake. 
library, n. Wowapiopahi. 
license, vt. Iyowinkiya. 
licentiate, n. Econktaiyowinki- 

yapi. 
licentious, a. Wawicinanas'a. 
lick, vt. Sdi'pa. n. Oape; wo- 

sdipa. 
lid, n. Iha; oakahpe. Eyelid, 

istozuha. 
lie, lay, lain, vi. 1. Iwaijka : lie 

down and sleep. 2. Waijka ; 

hpa'ya: it lies east. 3. Yan- 

ka : lie hid. 
lie, lied, vi. Itonsni. Y. & T. Owe- 

wakan : he lied about it. n. 

Woitonsni ; owewakanpi. 
liege, a. Wicaka ; okinihai). 
lien, n. Wokaske. 
lieu, n. To'he. In lieu of, e'ekiya. 
lieutenant, n. O'kiheitaijcan. 
live, lives, n. Oni ; wiconi ; ni'pi. 
life-estate, n. Woyuha ni'pi he- 

hanyan yuhapi. 
lifeless, a. Ni'sni ; ta ; hun'kesni. 
lifelike, a. Ni iyececa ; ni se'ca. 
lifelong, a. Tohanyai) ni. 
lifetime, n. Anpetu ni. 
lift, vt. Yuwankan icu ; icu. 
ligament, n. Ran. 
ligature, n. Ikai) ; wi'caske. 
light, n. Iyoyanpa ; petizanzai) : 

bring me a light, vt. Iyoya- 

mya ; ideya : light the lamp. 

vi. Iyahai) ; en hi. a. 1. Ka- 

pozedai) : light wood. 2. Ci'- 

stina : a light snow; a light 

error. 3. Ska; san : a light 

complexion. 4. Iyoyanpa; i'zan- 

zan : a light room. 
lightbread, n. Aguyapitacagu. 
lighten, vt. 1. Yukapozedai) : 

lighten the boat. 2. Iyoyamya : 

lighten the way. 
lightly, adv. Iwastedan ; kapoze- 

dan ; awacinsniyan. 
lightning, n. Wakai)hdi. 
lightning-bug, n. Wanyeca. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



lignite 



100 



lizard 



lifiite, n. Pe'tacahdi sutasni. 

like, vt. Iyokipi ; wastedaka : I 
like to run. a. Iyeoeca : like 
his mother, adv. Iyecen : do it 
Wee he does. vi. Ikiyedan; owa- 
teca : he liked to have fallen. 

likelihood, n. Se'ececa. 

likely, a. 1. Naceca. 2. Waste. 

liken, vt. Iyaciij. 

likeness, n. Ouncage ; iteowapi. 

likewise, conj. Nakun ; is'eya. 

liking, n. Wowastedake. 

lily, n. Mnancanca. 

limb, n. Adetka ; oyaya. 

limber, a. Wins win zedan. 

lime, n. In/yaijacetipi. 

limit, n. Owihanke. vt. Hehaij- 
yananapte. 

limitation, n. Owihankeyapi. 

limited, a. A'okpani ui). 

limp, vt. Hustemani. a. Patinsni. 

limpid, a. Mde'za. 

line, n. 1. Wi'kan ; hanonta : 
stretch the line. 2. Oicago ; oi- 
cazo : draw a line ; the north 
line of my place. 3. Caijkuyo : 
read four lines ; stand in line; 
a line of houses. 4. Wiconai) ; 
woecoi) : line of business, vt. 1. 
Cankuye ka'ga : line up the 
men. 2. I'takihna ka'ga : line 
a dress. 

lineage, u. Ouncage. 

lineal, a. Caijkuye owotanna. 

linen, n. Miuihuhasuta. 

linger, vi. Ye'kapin ; ye'sni un. 

lingering, a. Te'hanun. 

linguist, n. Iapi wayupika. 

liniment, n. Wi'pakinte. 

lining, n. Apate ; imahen un. 

link, n. Oyuksa ; okaske. vt. Iko- 
yake. 

linseed, n. Wi'hdisu. 

linsey, n. Ta'ncahin ioahi. 

lint, n. Minihuna hin. 

lion, n. Mna'za. 

lioness, n. Mna'za wi'ye. 

lionize, vt. Yawas'aka. 



lip, n. Iha. Sore lips, iha hdi. 
Upper lip, pute. Lower lip, 

isti. 2. Opapun ; tete : the Up 

of the cup. 
liquefy, vt. Ooookaga. 
liquid, n. Miniiyececa ; ta'ku ka- 

duza ; oeyewaste. 
liquidate, vt. Tikticaya ; kazuzu. 
liquor, n. Miniwakai) ; mini iye- 

ceca. 
lisp, vi. Yasdiia. 
list, n. 1. Owicawapi ; owapi. 2. 

dinatoopapun. vt. Owa. 
listen, vi. Anagoptan ; nahon. 
listless, a. Enewacinsni. 
literal, a. Ohnanca. 
literary, a. 1. Wowapionspenca : 

a literary man. 2. Wowapi on : 

a literary conversation, 3. Wo- 
wapi. 
literature, n. Wowapi. 
lithe, a. Winswinzedan. 
litigate, vt. Woope en kuwa. 
litter, n. Watusekseca. 
little, a. Ci'stinna, a little boy. 

A little while, ci'stiyedai). 
Little Missouri river, n. Wakpa- 

cansoka. 
Little Rocky mountains, n. fle'- 

psunkaka. 
Little Sioux river, n. In'yanyanke 

wakpa. 
liturgy, n. Wocekiye owapi. 
live, vi. Ni : live by eating. 2. Ti : 

where do you live. 
live, a. Ni ; te'sni ; sni'sni. 
livelihood, n. Wokamna ; on ni. 
liveliness, n. Womdiheca. 
livelong, a. Ihunniyan. 
lively, a. Mdiheca ; ni. 
liver, n. Pi. Beef liver, ta-pi. 
livery, n. 1. dun'kawakan owica- 

knpi : lively stable. 2. Oi- 

hduze. 
livid, a. Stan. 
living, a. Ni; he'eetuwanzica. )>. 

Oi) ni. 
lizard, n. Ahdeska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



101 



to, interj. 1. Iho ; waij ; ikcewi- 

casta. 
load, ft. 1. WoMi) : a heavy load. 

2. Ohnaka : two wagon loads. 

vt. Ohnaka ; ozuya. Load your 

gun, ma'zakan okiksu. 
loading, n. Ta'ku ohnakapi. 
loaf, loaves, n. Opatfijze : a loaf 

of oread, vi. Wi'kcekce ui) ; 

as'ii) ; wicaoha. 
Loafer, w. Wa'kdufce; T. Wa'- 

gluhe. 
loam, n. Makikceka. 
loan, vt. Oku ; inahni ku. Please 

loan me a dollar, n. Owicaku- 

pi ; odotapi. 
loathe, vt. Hitihda ; cin'ani. 
loathing, n. Wowahtedaani. 
loathsome, a. Wahteani. 
loaves, pi. of loaf. 
lobby, vi. Ciijwicakiyapi ; kuwa. 
lobster, n. Matuakatanka. 
local, a. Hen'tu ; hen e'cedai). w. 

En'tu wotaijii). 
locality, n. Oyanke ; makoce. 
locate, vt. Oyanke ku ; iyeya. 
location, n. Oyanke. 
lock, n. 1. Inatake : a door-lock. 

2. Nawate : a gun-lock. 3. 

Aake ; on spa : a lock of hair. 

Scalp-lock, pecoka. 4. Oiyani- 

capi : a lock of carriages, vt. 

1. Nataka : lock the door. 2. 
Fciyuwi : lock arms. 

lock-jaw, ft. Cehupapatin. 
lock-up, ft. Wokasketipi. 
locomotive, n. ftemani. 
locust, n. Psipsicadai) ; hehaka- 

canteyaanisniza. 
lodge, vt. 1. E'hde : lodge arms. 

2. Owanka ku : lodge the tra- 
vellers. 3. Pahdi iheya : lodge 
an arrow in his side. 4. Kawiij- 
za : the wind lodged the oats. 
vi. Waij'ka ; ti. w. Ohna wan'- 
kapi ; wakeya. 

lodging, ft. Owanka ; ti'pi. 
loft, ft. WaqkantipL 



loftily, adv. Wankantuya. 

lofty, a. Wankantu. 

log, ft. Cankaga ; wa'taiyopte oiy- 
ute. 

lof-cabio, ft. Cankagatipi. 

loggerhead, w. Nasuwanica; ki'- 
zapi. 

logic, ft. Waawacinpi woonspe. 

logical, ft. Woawacinhecetu. 

loin, ft. Nitiyuksa ; nite. 

loiter, vi. Ituyaui) ; hanhi. 

loll, vi, Temni ; cezihiyuya ; ozii- 
ciyaun. 

looe, a. Isnanaun. 

looelioess, n. Icomnipi. 

lonely, a. 1. Makoskantu : a lonely 
place. 2. Icomni : J am lonely. 

lonesome, a. Wicasta wanica. 

long, a. 1. Han'ska : a long stick. 
2. Ohai)Bka : a foot long. 3. 
Te'han : a long time ago. All 
day long, aijpetu ihunni. — As 
long as, tokanyai). — How long, 
tohaijyai). — Long live, te'han 
ni. — So long, hekanyai). vi. 
Caijtokpani : I long to see you. 
To long for, ciij : J long for 
some fresh meat. 

longer, comp. of long. 

longest, super, of long. 

longitude, n. Makaipiyaka oiyute. 

long-sighted, a. Te'han wa'kita. 

long-suffering, a. Wacintanka. 

long-winded, a. Niyahanska. 

look, vi. 1. E'tonwai) : look yonder, 
Ahitonwai), look here. 2. Awa- 
cii) ; ecin : I did not look to see 
you to-day. 3. Koij'za : look 
brave. Look about, o'kaai) wa'- 
kita. — Look after, awaijyaka; 
akita. — Look at each other, opa- 
kicihta. — Look back, hakikta. 
— Look down on, ta'kusnikiya. 
— Look for, ode ; akita ; hi kta 
wakta ui). — Look into, amdeza. 
— Look like, iyececa ; se'ca ; ite- 
ka. — Look on, wanyaka. — Look 
out, ode ; akita ; han/ta ; win/- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



looking 



102 



lowspirlted 



swind. — Look over, aokasii) ; 
amdeza. — Look queer, to'keca- 
seoa. — Look sharp, ni'na wa'- 
kita. — Looks toward, itoheya 
wai)ka (the house looks toward 
the river), vt. Look down, kun 
e'tonwai). n. Wa'Mtapi ; iteo- 
yuze. 

looking, n. Wa'Mtapi ; owan- 
yake. 

looking-glass, n. Ihdiyomdasin. 
Y. Mniokdasii). T. Miyogla- 
sii). 

lookout, n. Wa'kitapi ; co'wahe. 

loom, n. Wi'cazoqte. vi. Hinapa. 

loon, n. Mdo'za. T. Hun'tka. 

loop, n. Sunzoyake; oiyakaske. 
vt. Sunzoyakekaga. 

loop-hole, n. Ohdokaoenape. 

loose, vt. Kiyuska ; yuska. a. 1. 
Kaskesni : a loose horse. 2. 
flpuwahe ; ikoyakesni : loose 
leaves. 3. Ondandadan : a loose 
fit; a loose bolt. 4. To'ken cin'- 
cii) : a loose way of speaking; 
loose ideas. 5. Sutasni; hoho- 
dan : a loose tooth. 

loosely, adv. To'ken cin'yan. 

loosen, vt. Yuska ; yupanpan. 

looseness, n. Wosutasni ; tui'ze- 
sni. 

loot, vt. Tibotica. 

lop, vt. 1. Baksa : lop off the limbs. 
2. Kawinza : lop the ears. 

lope, vi. Nawanka. 

loquacious, a. Ies'a ; i'wasicui). 

lord, n. 1. Itancan : the home of 
lords. 2. Jehowa. vi. Itancan 
skan. 

lordly, a. Itancanse ; okinihai). 

lore, n. Woonspe ; woksape. 

lose, lost, vt. 1. Tok'ehpeya : lost 
his knife. 2. Nu'ni : lose the 
way. 3. Yusna : he lost two 
days 1 work. 4. Ki'ciyutakuni- 
sni ; ki'cisica : J lost my hay. 
Lose a battle , okicize kte'pidan. 
— Lose ground, he'kta iyaye. — 



Lose heart, cante kicunni. vi. 

Okihisni : he'kta iyaye. 
loss, n. Akicitakunisni ; woihan- 

ke ; to'kanoq. At a loss 9 to'ketu 

tan in sni. 
lost, a. To'kanoi) ; taijinsni : yu- 

snapi ; nuni. 
lot, n. Woakipa : a hard lot. 2. 

Maka obaspe : a church lot. 

3. Opahi : a lot of goods. 4. 

O'ta ; ni'na o'ta : lots of people. 

—Cast lots : wayekiyapi. 
loth, a. Econkapin. 
lottery, n. Wayekiyapi. 
loud, a. Ho'tanka ; tan'kaicida. 
loudly, adv. Ho'taqkakiya. 
lounge, n. Akaijyankapi paqpan- 

na. vi. Oziya uij. 
Loup River, n. Kusdeca wakpa. 
louse, lice, n. He'ya. 
lousy, a. He'ya o'ta. 
lovable, a. Wastedapi : waste. 
love, vt. Wastedaka; inakta; on'- 

sida ; cantekiya. n. Waihakta- 

pi ; wacantkiyapi ; woihakta ; 

wowastedake ; tu'we waste- 

wada. 
love-letter, n. Wiciijpi wowapi. 
loveliness, n. Wowaste. 
lovely, a. Waste ; iyowicakipi. 
lover, n. Tu'we wastedaka. 
loving, a. Waihakta. 
lovingly, adv. Wastedaya. 
low, a. 1. Ku'ceyedai) : low ground. 

2. Ka'zedaq : the river is low. 

3. TeMsni ; ci'stinna : wheat is 
low. 4. Waonspekesni : the low 
class of people, adv. 1. Ku'ce- 
yedan : fly low. 2. Iwastedan : 
speak low. vi. Pte'hoton ; ho- 
toij. 

lower, vt. Yuhukuya. vt. Wako- 

kipe ka'ga : the clouds lower. 
Lower Brute, n. Kunwicasa. 
lowliness, n. Ta'kuicidasni. 
lowiy, a. Ku'ceyedan ; on'sika. 
lowness, n. Kun'tuh un'pi. 
lowspirited, a. Cantehunkeani. 



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loyal 



103 



maiden 



loyal, a. Waohoda; wanafroi). 
lubberly, a. Tai)cai) oqspeke&ni. 
lubricate, vt. Sdaya. 
lucid, a. I'iaijzai) ; mde'za. 
lucifer, n. Aijpaowicaijhpi. 
luck, n. Woakipa. Good luclc, 

wa'pipi. — Bad luck, woakipa 

si'ca. 
luckily, adv. Taq'yaq. 
lucky, a. Wa'pi. 
lucrative, a. Wakamna. 
lucre, n. Woyuha ; wokamna. 
ludicrous, a. Wowi&a. 
lug, vt. ?ii) ; yusdohaq. 
luggage, n. Wofcii). 
lukewarm, a. Iteoa ; hui)'ke&ni. 
lull, vt. Kihna. vi. Kun'ya. 
lullaby, n. Kihnapiodowai). 
lumber, n. Caqmdaska; wokpaij. 

vt. Ta'kuaniSni oi) kagiya. 
luminary, n. Iyoyaqpa. 
luminous, a. Iyozaqzaq. 
lump, n. Wotasaka; oi)6pa. vt. 

Yuwitaya ; wi'taya icu. 
lumpy, a. Tasaksaka ; psuijkaka. 



lunacy, n. Waeii]hnunipi. 

lunatic, n. Wacii)hnuni. 

lunch, n. Inabniwotapi. 

luncheon, n. Otahenawotapi. 

lung, n. Cagu. 

lunge, n. Ka&oiyetyiyapi. 

lurch, vi. Naptai) iyaya. 

lure, vt. Iyutaqye. 

lurid, a. Okokipe. 

lurk, vi. Iyape ; nafrmai) ui). 

luscious, a. Skuskuya. 

lust, vi. Cii) ; caijtahde. 

luster, n. Wowiyakpa. 

lustrous, a. Wiyakpa. 

lusty, a. Tai)cai)tai)ka ; was'aka. 

luxuriant, a. Paq'ga. 

luxuriate, vi. I'mnahai) uij. 

luxurious, a. Wi'zica aokageca. 

lyceum, n. Waoijspei^rciya ti'pi. 

lye, n. Cahotahaijpi. 

lying, imp. of lie. 

lynch, vt. Woope wanin kte'. 

lynx, n. Inmu siijteoijziijca. 

lyre, n. Pteheyudowaijpi. 

lyrical, a, Dowaijpiwaite. 



M 



ma, n. Ina. 

ma*am, contr. of madam. 
macerate, vt. flpaijye. 
machination, ra. Wokuwa. 
machine, n. wi'cuwa; ma'zaicuwa. 
machinist, n. Maza'icuwa ka'ga. 
mad, a. Hnaskiqyai) ; caqze. 

n, n. Whj'yai) yuonihaijpi. 
u, vt. Yuhnaskiijyai). 
e, imp. of make. 
madly, adv. Witkoya. 
madness, n. Wohnaakhjyai). 
maelstrom, n. Miniomni taq'ka. 
magasine, n. Wopiye ; wakihnag- 

tipi ; wotaijiijwowapi so'ka. 
maggot, n. Wamdudai) ; T. wa- 

glula ; honagidai) cii)ca. 



magic, n. Wakaijkai) akaq'pi. 
magical,' a. Wakaijse. 
magician, n. WapiyawicaSta. 
magistrate, n. Oyate itai)cai). 
magnanimous, a. Wacii)tai)ka. 
magnate, n. Itaijcai) taij'ka. 
magnet, n. Ma'zawiyutitai). 
magnetic, a. Wawiyutai). 
magnificence, n. Wokinihai). 
magnify, trt. Yutaijka. 
magnitude, n. Tiij'skokeca ; hii)'- 

skotaijka. 
magpie, w. Uijkcekiha. 
maid, n. Wikoska; nahaijh hi- 

hnatoijSni. 
maiden, a. & n. WitaijSna ; te'ca ; 

uij'pi&ni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



mall 104 

mall, n. 1. Wowapitoksupi ; wo- 
wapi : where is my mail. 2. 
Ma'zaheyake. vt. Wowapi to- 
ksu ohnaka : mail my letters. 

mall-carrier, u. Wowapitoksu. 

malm, vi. Kiunniya. 

mala, a. Itancan ; tancan. 

mainly, adv. Iyotan. 

maintain, nt. He'cetuwanzicayuha 
un ; yuha ui) ; yuha ; o'kiya. 

maintenance, n. On ni; yus un'pi. 

maize, n. Wamnaheza. 

majestic, a. Okinihai). 

major, n. Itancan ; ateyapi. a. 
Tan'ka. 

majority, n. Hanke i'saijpa. 

make, made, vt. 1. Ka'ga : make a 
shoe ; God made man. 2. Yu- ; 
yusica : make bad. 3. -kiya ; 
-ya : make him do it. Make 
him go, iyayeya. 3. Icaga ; to- 
kata he'ca kta : a good boy 
makes a good man. 4. Iyohi : 
he can't make the shore. 5. 
Kamna : make money. Make 
amends, yuecetu. — Make free 
with, ta'wa se skai). — Make 
good time, du'zahai). — Make 
light of, ta'kusnikiya. — Make 
love to, okiya. — Make much of, 
ta'kukiya ; kinihai). — Makes no 
difference, to'kecasni. — Make 
out, to'ketu iyukcai). — Make 
use of, ui). — Make water, de'za. 
— Make for the shore, hutata- 
kiya ya. — Make at; make to- 
wards, en hiyuiciya. — Make up 
with him, kici okiciwaste. n. 
Okage. 

maker, n. Kaga ; tu'we ka'ga. 

makeshift, n. Inanni un/pi. 

ma\' t pref. Si'ca. 

malady, n. Wosica; woyazan. 

malaria, n. Tate si'ca. 

malcontent, n. Iyowicakipisni. 

male, n. & a. Wica ; mdoka. 

malediction, n. Woyasica. 

malefactor, n. Wosiceka'ga. 



mannerly 



malevolent, a. Sicaya waciqyuza. 
malice, n. Sicawacinpi. 
malicious, a. Sicawacinskan. 
maliciously, adv. Sicawacin.. 
malign, vt. Yasica. a. Si'ca. 
malignant, a. Wayusica. 
mallard, n. Pagonta. 
malleable, a. Pamdaskapica. 
mallet, n. Caijwiyape. 
malt, n. Su'hpaijyaijpi. 
maltreat, vt. Sicayakuwa. 
mama, n. Ina. 

mammal, n. Wamakaskai) azinpi. 
mammon, n. Woyuha; ma'za- 

ska. 
mammoth, n. Wamakaskai) iyotan. 

tan'ka. a. Iyotaijtaijka. 
man, men, n. Wicasta. Y. & T. 

Wicasa. vt. Wicasta en unwi- 

cakiya. 
manacle, n. Ma'zaicaske. 
manage, vt. Kuwa ; yu'za. 
manageable, a. Kuwapica. 
management, n. Kuwapi. 
manager, n. Kuwaitaneaij. 
Mandan, n. Mawatani. 
mandate, n. Itancan to'ie. 
mane, n. Apehin. 
maneuver, vi. Skan ; oskiske skan. 
manful, a. Wicasta. 
manfully, adv. Ohitiya. 
manger, n. Ohnawotapi. 
mangle, vt. Kahdehdeca. 
manhood, n. Wicasta ouncage. 
mania, n. Wohnaskinyan. 
maniac, n. Wacinhnuni. 
manifest, a. Tanin. vt. Yutanin. 
manifesto, n. Yaotaninpi. 
manifold, a. O'takiya. vt. O'ta 

ka'ga. 
manipulate, vt. Iyopteya. 
Mankato, n. Makatooze. 
mankind, n. Wicasta. 
manly, a. Wicasta ; wicastase. 
manner, n. 1. Ohai) ; oecon. 2. 

Ocaze ; obe : all manner of 

beasts. 
mannerly, adv. Ohan waste. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



man-of-war 105 

man-of-war, n. Ozuye wi'tawata. 
manse, n. Wicastawakanti. 
mansion, n. Ti'pitarjka. 
manslaughter, n. Wicasta kte'pi. 
mantel, n. Wa'hnakapi. 
mantle, n. Hiyeteakahpe. 
manual, a. Napinyui). n. Wowa- 

pi ci'stinna. 
manufacture, vt. Ka'ga. 
manure, vt. Tacesdiakada. n. Ta'- 

ku maka yuwaste ; tacesdi. 
manuscript, n. Wowapinapeonka- 

gapi. 

many, a. O'ta. ,4s many as, iyena. 
— Greaf many, ni'na o'ta. — 
Good many, ki'tanna o'ta. — 
How many, to'nakeca. — So 
many, henakeca ; ni'na o'ta. — 
Too many, ehaes o'ta. 

many-ways, adv. O'takiya. 

map, n. Makoce wowapi. 

maple, n. Hard maple, canhasan. 
Soft maple, ta'hdohu. 

mar, vt. Yusica. 

marauder, n. Wamanonwicasta. 

marble, n. 1. In'yan pamdaskapi. 
2. Iij'yan bomnihmapi. 

march, vi. Ma'ni; caehde. vt. 
Omaniya. n. Oomani ; ma'nipi. 

mare, n. Sungwiye. 

margin, n. Opapun ; o'huta. 

marine, a. Miniwanca. w. Mini- 
wan ca akicita. 

mariner, n. Wi'tawata kicanye. 

marital, a. Tawicutoijpi. 

mark, vt. Icazo ; wa'petogton. ; 
amdeza. n. Wowapetokeca ; 
wowasaghde; wokitaijiij; ihe- 
ca. He hit the mark, iheca en 
iheya. 

marker, n. On icazopi. 

market, n. Owiyopeye. vt. Wi'yo- 
peya. 

marketable, a. Wi'yopeyepica. 

marksman, n. Wicasta waoka. 

marl, n. Makasan. 

marquis, n. Okinihan itancan. 

marriage, n. Wakarjkiciyuzapi. 



matchless 

married, a. Yu'zapi : a married 

man. 
marrow, n. Cupe. 
marry, married, vt. Yu'za ; wakan- 

yuza; wakaijkiciyuskiya. She 

is married, hihnatoi). — He is 

married, tawicuton . 
marsh, n. wiwi ; makaspa'ya. 
marshal, n. Itaijcai) ; waoyuspai- 

taijcai). vt. Econwicakiya. 
mart, n. Owiyopeye. 
marten, n. Nakpagica. 
martial, a. Akicita ; ozuye. 
martyr, n. Tawowicada on. kte'pi. 
marvel, n. Wowapetokeca. vi. 

Inihai). 
marvelous, a. Wowinihan. 
masculine, a. 1. (Of man) Wica. 

(Of animals) Mdoka. 2. Wica- 
sta ; tan'ka. 
mash, vt. Pasu&uza ; pamdu. 
mask, n. Itekagapi. vt. Akahpa ; 

itekagapi in. 
mason, n. In/yanticage ; makasai) 

apawinta. 
masquerade, n. Iteakanpawacipi. 
mass, n. 1. Opahi ; tancai). 2. 

Sinasapa wohduze. vt. Yuwi- 

taya. 
massacre, vt. Kte ; kasota. n. Wi- 

cakasotapi ; tinktepi. 
massive, a. Tan'ka. 
mast, n. Wi'tawata ihupa ; u'ta. 
master, n. Itancai) ; waonspeka. 

vt. Ohiya ; kte'dan. 
masterly, a. Oitancai). 
masterpiece, n. Iyotarjwaste. 
mastery, n. Woohiye. 
masthead, n. Canihupainkpa. 
masticate, vt. Yakpankpan. 
mastiff, n. Suij'ka cehupatanka. 
mastodon, n. Pasuhanskatanka. 
mat, n. Psa'owinza ; aske. 
match, n. 1. Can'kaidepi; F. Yui- 

depi ; T. Wailepi. 2. Okiciyu- 

ze : a love match. 3. Kici econ. ; 

iyececa. vt. Iyececa ahihnaka. 
matchless, a. Iyececa wanica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



mate 

mate, n. Kicica; itancanokihe. 
vt. Kiciyuskiya. 

material, n. On ka'gapi. a. Taij- 
toi) ; woawacinhca- 

materialize, vt. Yuecetu. 

maternal, a. Wicahunku. 

mathematics, n. Wayawapi. 

matlo, n. Hanhannacekiyapi. 

matriculate, vt. O'pekiye. 

matrimony, n. Kiciyuzapi. 

matrix, w. Tamni. 

matron, n. Inayaijpi. 

matronly, a. Inayapise. 

matter, n. 1. Ta'ku tantoi) ; ta'ku* 
2. Wicohan ; ta'ku : bring every 
matter to me. 3. Toij : the sore 
runs matter. What is the matter, 
to'ketu se. — Nothing is the mat- 
ter, ta'ku to'ketu sni. — No 
matter, etai)hai) to'ketusni. vi. 
Tonye. 

matting, w. Psa'owinza. 

mattock, n. Mazice. 

mattress, n. Owiijzasoka. 

mature, a. Sutoi) ; icagayustai). 
vt. Sutonya. vi. Iyehantu. 

maul, n. Cai)iyapetai)ka. 

maw, n. Tapo. 

maxim, n. Woopeptecena. 

maximum, n. Waqkanihanke. 

may, might, v. (Waokiyapi iapi) 

1. IyowinMya : may I go. 2. 
O'kini ; naceca : he may come, 
I don't know. 3. Kta : I go that 
you may come. 4. Nunwe ; 
nui) : may you always be Mppy. 

May, n. Wozupiwi. 

may-be, adv. O'kini. 

mayor, n. Otonweitancan. 

maze, n. WosMske. 

me, pro. Mi'ye; ma-. Give me, 

maku. 
meadow, n. Peziokasda. 
meadow-lark, n. Sdo'sdona. 
meager, a. Iyohisni ; on'sika. 
meal, n. 1. Wokpanpi : corn-meal. 

2. Wotapi ; wan 'cadan wotapi. 
meal-time, n. Wotapi iyehantu. 



106 meeting 

mealy, a. Mdu. 

mean, a. 1. Si'ca; ohansica : a 
mean man. 2. Ocokaya ; i'yota- 
hedai) : the mean distance, vt. 
{Mean, meant.) Ka; awacii) : 
what do you mean. 

meander, vi. Ksanksan ya. 

meaning, n. Ta'ku ka'pi. 

meanly, adv. Sicaya. 

meanness, n. Si'ca ; wosice. 

means, n. pi. On wi'yokihipi ; wo- 
yuha ; ma'zaska. 

meant, imp. of mean. 

meanwhile, adv. Icunhan. 

measles, n. Sayaahinapapi. 

measurable, a. Iyutepica; iyu- 
teya. 

measure, vt. Iyuta. n. Oiyute. 

meat, n. Tado; woyute. Dried 
meat, waconica ; pa'pa. 

mechanic, n. Wakaga wayupika. 

medal, n. Ma'zaska wanapin. 

meddle, vi. Iyowazasni skan. 

meddlesome, a. Iyowazasni skan. 

mediate, vi. Wi'ciyotahedaijun. 

mediator, n. Wawiciya. 

medical, a. Pezuta.' 

medicate, vt. Pezuta icahi. 

medicine, n. Pezuta. 

medieval, a. Makaoicage ocoka. 

meditate, vt. Awacii). 

meditative, a. Waawacins'a. 

medium, n. 1. Oyanke ocoka : the 
true medium. 2. Oi) wi'yokihi- 
pi ; wi'yotahedan. un. a. Oco- 
kaya : medium size. 

medley, n. I'cicahikagapi. 

meed, n. Wokazuzu. 

meek, a. Wa'hbadan ; on/sihan. 

meekly, adv. Wa'hbayedai). 

meekness, n. Wicowahbadai). 

meet, met, vt. Akipa; wai)yaka. 
vi. Wi'tayapi ; mniciyapi : when 
does Congress meet. a. Iyece- 
tu : meet for war. 

meeting, n. 1. Omniciye : a full 
meeting. 2. WanMciyag hi'pi : 
a meeting of friends. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



meeting-house 107 mightiness 

merit, n. Woohiye ; wowaste. vt. 

Kamna ; ohiya ; aiyahdeya. 
meritorious, a. Ohiya iyececa. 
merrily, adv. Wi'yuskinyai). 
merriment, n. Wowiyuskii). 
merry, a. Wi'yusMn ; wi'haha. 
mess, w. 1. Wi'tayawotapi ; obe. 

2. Woskiske. vi. Wota. 
message, n. Iapiyeyapi. 
messenger, n. Iapiaya ; wahosiya. 
met, imp. of meet. 
metal, n. Ma'za. 
metaphor, n. Woiyacii) iapi. 
metaphysics, n. Wicotawacinwo- 

oijspe. t 

mete, vt. Driyuta; ku. a. Iye- 

cetu. 
meteor, n. Wakanwohpa. 
meteorology, n. Tatewoonspe. 
meter, n. Oiyute ; odowaij ho. 
metldnks, vi. Kepca ; se'ca. 
method, Woawacii). 
methodical, a. Awacineconpi. 
metrical, a. Iyutakagapi ; odowai)- 

se ka'gapi. 
metropolis, n. Otonweitaqcai). 
mettle, n. Okage ; caijte. 
mew. vt. Inmusuqkahotoi). 
Mexican, n. Spaniowicasta. 
mice, pi. of mouse. 
microbe, n. Wamdudai). 
microscope, n. Maziwanyake. 
microscopic, a. Ni'na ci'stinna. 
mid, a. Cokaya ; hepiya. 
midday, a. Aijpecokaya. 
middle, a. Cokaya ; ocokaya. 
middle-man, n. Wi'ciyotahedanui). 
middling, a. Ocokaya. 
midnight, n. Han cokaya. 
midst, n. Cokaya. 
midsummer, n. Mdokecokaya. 
midway, n. Cokaya. 
midwife, n. Ciijcatoijwicakiyewii). 
mien, n. Oihduhe. 
might, n. Wowas'ake : with all my 

might, v. imp. of may. 
mightily, adv. Was'agya ; ni'na. 
mightiness, n. Wicaohitika. 



meeting-house, n. Ti'piwakan. 
melancholy, a. Waciijiyokisica. 
mellow, a. Panpanna; mdu; waste. 
melodeon, n. Can'nahotonpi. 
melodious, a. Ho'waste. 
melody, w. Odowai) ho. 
melon, n. Sa'kayutapi ; Y. & T. 

spaij'sniyutapi. 
melt, vt. Sdunya; skaijya; sdoya. 
vi. 1. Skai) : snow melts. 2. 
Sdo : iron melts. 
member, n. 1. O'kihe : members of 
the body. 2. O'pa : a member 
of the church. 
memento, n. Wokiksuye. 
memoir, n. Ohanoyakapi. 
memorable, a. Wokiksuye. 
memorandum, n. On'kiksuyapi. 
memorial, a. Wakiksuya : memo- 
rial services, n. Icekiyapi wo- 
wapi : a memorial to Congress. 
memorialize, vt. Icekiya. 
memorize, vt. Kiksuyeiciya. 
jnemory, n. Wokiksuye ; tawacii). 

men, n. pi. of man. 
menace, vt Wakokipekaga. 
menagerie, n. Wamakaskaijwapa- 
zopi. 

mend, vt. Piya. vi. Wasteaya. 

mendicant, n. Wadaui). 

menial, a. On'sika ; oasica. 

menses, n. Isnatipi. 

mental, a. Tawaein. 

mention, vt. Cazeyata. 

mercantile, a. Wopetoijpi. 

mercenary, a. Ma'zaskaiyotaijda. 

merchandise, n. Wopetoijpi ; ma'- 
za. 

merchant, n. Wopeton. 

merchantable, a. Wi'yopeyepica. 

merciful, a. Waonsida. 

merciless, a. Waonsidasni. 

mercury, w. Ma'zanini. 

mercy, n. Wowaonsida. 

mere, a. He'cehnana. 

merely, adv. He'cehnana. 

merge, vt. En iyeya ; aopekiya. 

meridian, n. Wi'cokaya oicago. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



nighty 108 

mighty, a. Wad'aka ; ohitika ; ni'- 

na; oteMka. 
migrate, vi. Tokai) ya ; ihdaka. 
migration, n. Ihdagomanipi. 
milch, a. Asaijpiyuha. 
mild, a. Wa'hbadaq ; T. wa'hwa- 

la ; wastecaka. 
mildew, n. Aa ; waanunn. 
mildly, adv. Ahbayena. 
mildness, n. Wieowahbadai). 
mile, n. Caijkuoiyute. 
mileage, n. Omanipi wokazuzu. 
militant, a. Akicita. 
military, a. Akicita ; ozuye. 
militate, vi. Wakagiya. 
militia, n. Inahniakicita. 
milk, n. Asaijpi. vt. Yuskica. 

Y. Yusdi. T. Yusli. 
milky-way, w. Wanagitacaijku. 
mill, n. 1. Wokagetipi. Giist-mill, 

wokpaqtipi. Saw-mill, caqna- 

sdeca. 2. Kaspapicistiijna. 
miUeninm, n. Wo waste waniyetn 

kektopawiijge. 
miller, n. Wokpaijawaijyaka. 
millet, n. Peziozupi obe. 
milliner, n. Wiij'yaijtawapaha 

ka'ga. 
million, n. Woyawataij'ka. 
millionaire, n. Ma'zaska woyawa- 

taqka yuha. 
mimic, vt. Uij'ca. 
mince, vt. Bakpai) ; wayatokeca. 

vi. Wastekoqza. 
mind, vt. Awacii) ; nahoi) ; awaij- 

yaka. n. Tawaciij. 
mindful, a. Kiksuya; awacii). 
mine, a. Mitawa; mi'yemitawa. 

n. Ma'zaoke ; oke. vt. Ka ; oka. 
mineral, n. Ma'za. 
mineralogy, n. Ma'zawooijspe. 
mingle, vt. I'cicahiya. 
miniature, a. Ci'stiijna. 
minimum, n. Ihaijkeci'stiijna. 
minion, n. Ookiyedaq. 
minister, n. Ookiye; wicastawa- 

kai). vt. O'kiya ; ku. 
ministerial, a. Wawokiya. 



miserably 



ministration, n. Wawokiyapi. 

ministry, n. Wookiye. 

mink, n. Doksiqca. 

Minnesota River, n. Wakpamini- 

sota. 
minnow, n. Hogaijstiijna ; T. ho- 

gaijscila. 
minor, a. Ci'stiijna ; ta'kudni. n. 

Ta'waiciyeani. 
minority, n. 1. Waniyetu iyena- 

kecasni. 2. Haijkesni. 
minstrel, n. Dowaijomani. 
mint, n. 1. Ma'zaskaokage. 2. Ce- 

yakata ; ceyaka. 
minuend, n. Etaijhaijicupi. 
minus, a. A'okpani ; wanica. 
minute 7 , a. Ci'stiijna. 
min'ute, n. Oapecistinna. 
minutely, adv. Kpanyena. 
minuteness, n. Ecaataya. 
miracle, n. Wowapetokeca ; ofran- 

wakai). 
miraculous, a. Wakan. 
mirage, n. Amastenaptapta. 
mire, n. Upsiza. vi. Kahdi. 
mirror, n. Ihdiyomdasii). Y. Mni- 

okdasiij. T. Miyoglasii). 
mirth, n. Wi'yuskinpi. 
mirthful, a. Wi'yuskii). 
miry, a. fldihdidai). 
mis-, pref. Si'ca; eciijsniyai). 
misanthropist, w. Ecawicawahte- 

dasni. 
misbehave, vi, Sfnyaohanyaij. 
miscalculate, vt. Ecinsniyai) iyu- 

kcaij. 
miscarry, vi. Ecinsniyan iyaya. 
miscegenation, n. Oyatetokeca ki- 

ciyuzapi. 
miscellaneous, a. Enanakiya. 
mischief, n. Woyusica 
mischievous, a. Wicastasni. 
miscon'duct, n. Onai) ecinsniyan. 
misconduct 7 , vt. Ecinsniyan ecoij. 
misdirect, vt. Eciijsniiyayeya. 
miser, n. Wateftinda. 
miserable, a. On'sika ; si'ca. 
miserably, adv. On'siya; sicaya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



miserly 



109 



monastery 



miserly, a. Watebiijda. 

misery, n. WokaMze. 

misfit, n. Iyekicihantusni. 

misfortune, n. Sicawakipa. 

misgiving, n. Wacetunhda. 

mishap, n. Tehiwakipapi. 

misjudge, vt. Ecinsni iyukcai). 

mislay, vt. Eciijsni e'hnaka. 

misrule, vt. Eciijsni awanyaka. 

miss, vt. Yusna; kasna; bosna. 
flemani yusna : He missed the 
train. — He shot at two deer but 
missed both, ta'bca nom kute, 
tuka 8akim bosna. — He lost his 
knife, but did not miss it, isaq 
tok ebpekiya tka sdonye sni. 
n. Wikoska nabanb taijsna un. 

missile, n. Wi'pe ; ta'ku yeyapi. 

missing, a. Taninsni ; to'kahoi). 

mission, n. 1. Wicomani; yewi- 
casipi : a mission is coming. 
2. Wotaijii) WaSte a'yapi : the 
Episcopal Mission. 3. Oi) yesi- 
pi : what is your mission. 

missionary, n. Wotanin Waste aya; 
wicastawakai) ; yesipi. 

Mississippi River, n. flahawakpa. 

Missouri River, n. Minisose. 

missive, a. Yeyapi. 

misspell, vt. Oowayusna. 

misstate, vt. Eciijsni oyaka. 

mist, n. Minibozai) ; miniwozela. 

mistake, mistook, vt. Yusna ; i'ci- 
bnuni. n. Woyusna. 

mistaken, pa. Yusna ; nu'ni. 

mister, Mr., n. Wicasta. 

mistress, Mrs., n. Win'yai) bihna- 
toij ; win'yan ; win'yan itancan. 

mistrust, vt. Ceiunhda. 

misty, a. Miniboza; owataninsni. 

misunderstand, vt. Okahnigesni. 

misuse, vt. Eciijsniyan ui). 

mite, n. Ta'ku ci'stinna ; wokpe ; 
wamdudan; ma'zaska ci'stinna. 

miter, n. Itancan tawapaha; o'nya 
baksapi. 

mitigate, vt. Yuaokpani. 

mitt, n. Napirjkpadan. 



mitten, n. Napinkpa otoza. 

mix, vt. Fcicahiya; T. yuzena; 

o'peya ui). 
mixed, a. I'cicabi. 
mixture, n. Ta'ku i'cicahi. 
mnemonics, n. Kiksuyapi. 
moan, vi. Howaya. 
mob, v. & n. Hnaskinyankuwapi. 
mobile, a. Kohantokeca. 
mobilize, vt. Yuwiyeya. 
moccasin, n. Hanpikceka. 
mock, vt. Un'ca ; inana. 
mockery, n. Wohnaye. 
mode, n. Oun ; ohan ; to'ketu. 
model, n. Iwanyagkagapi ; iye~ 

ceea. 
model, vt. Okage. 
moderate, a. Ki'tanna. v. Yuabe- 

ceca. 
moderately, adv. Iwastena. 
moderation, n. Wowahbadan. 
moderator, n. Omniciyeitancan. 
modern, n. Askatudan. 
modest, a. Wawisteca ; wa'nba. 
modesty, n. Wowahba. 
modify, vt. Apiya. 
modulate, vt. Obna ka'ga. 
moist, a. Spaya ; npai). 
moisten, vt. flpanye. 
moisture, n. Wospaye. 
molasses, n. Canhanpitiktica ; tu- 

hmaga. 
mold, mould, n. 1. Aa ; makamdu. 

2. Wi'sdoye ; okage. vt. Ka'ga. 
moldy, mouldy, a. Aa. 
mole, n. Napeheyatabedan. 
molecule, n. Wokpe. 
molest, vt. Nagiyeya ; kuwa. 
mollify, vt. Yuahececa. 
molt, moult, vi. Sonpa. 
molten, a. Sdo. 
moment, n. 1. Wihiyayeokpe; ci'- 

stiyedan. 2. Woawacin. 
momentary, a. Ci'stiyedan. 
momentous, a. Otantonka. 
momentum, n. Woiyopte. 
monarch, n. Itancansuta. 
monastery, n. Sinasapa woozitipi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Monday 110 

Monday, n. Arjpetutokaheya. 
monetary, a. Ma'zaska. 
money, n. Ma'zaska. 
monger, n. Wopetoi). 
mongrel, a. I'cicahi. 
monitor, n. Wahokonkiya. 
monk, n. Sinasapa wowa&i. 
monkey, n. Waoijca. 
monopolize, vt A'taya aniea. 
monopoly, n. A'tayaanicapi. 
monotone, n. Ho'waijzidaij. 
monster, n. Wowinihan. 
monstrous, a. Taij'kanca. 
month, n . Wi ; wiyawapi. 
monthly, a. Wi'iyohi. 
monument, n. Wokiksuye. 
mood, n. Tawacin ; oui). 
moody, a. Tawacii) to kecas'a. 
moon, ». Hanyetuwi; hanwi. 

Dark of the moon, wi yaspapi. 

— Full moon, wi mil) be. 
moonlight, n. Haijwiyaijpa. 
moonshine, n. Wiizanzai) ; ta'ku- 

sni. 
moor, n. Tin/ta. vt. Wa'taiyaka- 

ska. 
moose, n. Ta. 
moot, vt Cazeyata. 
mop, n. Owankaipakiqte. 
mope, vi. Onanstaka. 
moral, a. Onaijowotanna. n. Onai) ; 

wooi)8pe. 
morality, n. Wiconai). 
moralize, vt Ohai) iwohdaka. 
morally, adv. Woowotaijna oi). 
morass, n. Makaspaya ; wiwi. 
morbid, a. AsiMii). 
more, a. & adv. Saij'pa ; nakui) ; 

o'ta ; ehake. More than, i'sai)- 

pa. — No more, henana. — One 

more, ehake waijzi. 
moreover, adv. Ko'kta : nakui). 
morn, n. O'harjharjna; hin'hanna. 
morning, n. Hanhanna; ¥. & T. 

hiu/hanna. — In the morning, 

hannanna. — This morning, 

naij'ka hanfraijna. — The next 

morning, i'hannauna. 



mottle 

morning-star, n. Anpaowicanhpi. 

morocco, n. Tatokaha. 

morose, a. Tawacin sica. 

morphine, n. Istinma pezuta. 

morrow, n. I'hannanna. 

morsei, n. Onapce wanzi. 

mortal, a. fe kta ; on \e kta. 

mortality, n. Wicoijte. 

mortally, adv. On^ekta ; ni'na. 

mortar, n. Tiisaijyecoco ; wi'bope. 

mortgage, n. Woyuhakaskapi. 

mortification, n. Woeantesiea. 

mortify, 17. Caijtesinya ; kuka. 

mortise, n. Canondogyapi. 

mosque, n. Ti'piwakai). 

mosquito, n. Caponka. 

mosquito-bar, n. Capongicuwa. 

mosquito-hawk, n. Susbeca. 

moss, n. Zitkanaipatapi ; waanu- 
nu. Water moss, mniwaticoge ; 
hintkaijhaka. 

most, a. O'ta ; owasinkinin. adv. 
Iyotai). 

mostly, adv. O'hhjnise ; ecee. 

mote, n. Wokpe. 

moth, ». Wamdudankinyar). 

mother, n. Hun'ku ; inayaqpi. 
My mother, ina. — Your mother, 
nihui). — His (or her) mother T 
hun/ku. 

mother-in-law, n. Kun'ku. My 
mother-in-law, kun/si; uncisi. 
Your mother-in-law, nikui). — 
His (or her) mother-in-law , 
kun'ku. 

motherless, a. Hun'kucodai). 

motherly, a. Hun/ku seca. 

mothy, a. Wanmdudan yukai). 

motion, n. 1. Woskan&kan; woiyo- 
pte, the motion of the earth. 
2. Wi'Myutapi, lie made motions 
for me to come. 3. Omniciye 
wowiyukcan, I second the mo- 
tion, vt Wi'kiyuta. 

motive, n. On'ecoi) ; woyutitai). 

motley, a. Ocazeota. 

motor, n. Woyutitai). 

mottle, a. Hdeska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



motto ill 

motto, n. Iapi coya. 

mould, n. Waanunu. 

mouldy, a. Aa. 

mound, n. Paha; pazo; maka- 

bohpa. 
mount, n. Paha ; he. trt. Adi ; 

iyakapta. Mount a horse, akan 

iyeieiya. — Mount cavalry, akan- 

yangkiya. — Mount a map, waij- 

kan e'hde. 
mountain, n. fie ; pahatanka. 
mountaineer, n. . fie'oti. 
mountainous, a. fie ; ho'aki. 
mountainside, n. fieunaptai). 
mountebank, n. Wicahnayan. 
mounted, a. Akanyaijka. 
mourn, vt. Caijte&ca; wasihda. 

vt. Icantefcica. 
mournful, a. Oiyoki&ica. 
moose, n. Hituijkadai). 
mouser, n. Hituijkadankuwa. 
mousetrap, n. Hitunkadaijihmui)- 

ke. 
mouth, n. I. Jfy mouth, mii. 27/6 

mouth of the river, iyohdoke ; 

mdote. 
mouthful, n. Iohnaka. 
mouthpiece, n. Oyape ; i. 
movable, a. Yutokanpica. 
move, vt. Tokan a'ya ; yutokai) ; 

ynakandkai). vi. Tokanya ; iyo- 

pte ; ihdaka i&kanskai). 
movement, n. Woskaijakaij ; wo- 

iyopte ; woecoi). 
mow, vt. Ka&da ; pezika&da. 
mow, n. Pezitipi. 
mower, mowing machine, n. Pezii- 

casda. 
Mr., Mister, n. WicaSta. 
much, a. O'ta ; utkaijna. T. Yu- 

tkaijla. As much as, iyenake- 

ca. — How much, to'nakeca. — 

So much, henakeca. — Too much, 

ni'na o'ta. n. Wotaijka ; o'ta. 

adv. Ni'na : much used. 
mucilage, a. Wiiyaskape. 
muck, n. Pezihutkan. 
, n. Pahdi; toi). 



mud, n. Upsiza ; maka coco. 
muddle, n. To'ketutaninani. vt. 

Yuakiska. 
muddy, a. 1. TTp&iza : muddy shoes. 

2. Sose : muddy water, vt. 

Akastaka ; yusose. 
muff, n. Napeohnaiyeyapi. 
muffle, vt. Apahta ; yuhmunza. 
muffler, n. Nakpiyutake. 
mug, n. Eampeska wi'yatke. 
mulatto, n. Ha'sapacinca. 
mulberry, n. Canska ; canska wa- 

skuyeca. 
mulch, n. Wokpanka. vt. Carj- 

huteakahpe. 
mule, n. don 'donna. 
muiey, a. He'wanica. 
mulish, a. Okicaijyesica. 
mvAt%pref. O'ta. 
multiform, a. Okahota. 
multiple, a. To'naakihde. 
multiplication, a. Yuotapi. 
multiplicity, n. Ni'na o'ta. 
multiplier, n. On yuotapi. 
multiply, vt. Yuota. 
multitude, n. Wicota. 
multitudinous, a. O'takiya. 
mum, a. Ininaun. 
mumble, vt. Iohmunsia. 
mummery, n. I'hadeconpi. 
mummy, n. Sagya wicahnakapi. 
mumps, n. Cehupapopi. 
munch, vt. Yamnumnuga. 
mundane, a. Makata. 
municipal, a. Otonwe. 
munificence, n. Woohaqpi. 
munificent, a. Ohanpi. 
munition, n. Oi) kicizapi. 
murder, vt. Tinkte. n. Tinktepi. 
murderous, a. Tinktes'a ; si'ca. 
murmur, vi. fimun ; azizi ; ba ; 

wi'hnu. 
muscle, n. 1. Conica psunka. 2. 

Tuki. Muscle shell, tukihasan. 
muscular, a. Tancaijtanka ; wa- 

s'aka. 
muse, vi. Awacii) ui). n. Waa- 

wacii) ; odowai) ka'ga. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



museum 112 

n, n. Wowanyakehdepi. 
mush, n. Yuzapi ; wozapi. 
mushy, a. Coco. 
music, n. Dowaijpi. 
musical, a. Dowans'a; dowaijpise; 

oi) dowaijpi. 
musician, n. Dowanwayupika. 
musing, pa. Waawacin. 
musk, n. Sinkpeoijzimna. 
musket, n. Akicitatamazakan. 
muskmelou, n. Sa'kayutapizi. 
muskrat, n. Siijkpe. 
muslin, n. Minihuhaska. 
musquito, n. Capoijka. 
muss, vt. Yuskiska. n. WoaMake. 
mussel, n. Tukihasan. 
must, v. aux. A'wicakehan ; t&- 

ketu ceyas jhe'cena iyecetu. 
mustache, n. Puthjhin. 
mustang, n. Suijgmaninui). 
mustard, n. Wa'hnakapizi'. 
muster, vt. Yuwitaya; mnayai). 
musty, a. Aamna ; aa. 
mutable, a. Yutokecapica. 



native 

mute, a. Iapiokihi&ni ; iesni. 
mutilate, vt . Yuaica ; baspa. 
mutilated, j>a. &pa;ksa. 
mutinous, n. Wakipazin. 
mutiny, vi. Itancankipazii). n. 

Wokipazii). 
mutter, vt. Hdo'hdoeya. 
mutton, n. Ta'hcaskatado. 
mutual, a. Anog ; sakim. 
muzzle, n. I ; i'pahte. vt. F pa- 

hta. 
my, a. Mitawa. 
myriad, n. Ni'na ota. 
myrrh, n. Can6ii)wastemna. 
myseif, pron. Miyehca. 
mysterious, a. Okahnihpicaani ; 

wakai). 
mystery, n. Wonahbe. 
mystical, a. Wakankaq. 
mystify, vt. Yuakiaka. 
myth, n. Ehannawoyakapi ; hi- 

tunkakaijpi. 
mythical, a. Kakanpi. 
mythology, n. Wakakanpi. 



N 



nab, vt. Oyuspa. 

nabob, n. Zinyaihduha. 

nag, n. Sunghuna. vt. Yazim- 
kuwa. 

nail, n. Ma'zaiyokatan ; aake. 
Finger-nail, napsukaza aake. 
vt. Okatai). 

naive, a. Katiijyai). 

naked, a. Taneodai) ; e'cedai). 

namable, a. Cazeyanpica. 

name, n. Caze; wicacaze. vt. 
Cazeyata ; eciya. What is your 
name, to'ken eniciyapi he. — He 
named him John, John cazeya- 
ta. — Call names ^ ostehda. 

nameless, a. Cazewanica. 

namely, adv. De'e ; dena e'e. 

namesake, n. Cazeyuha. 

nap, n. Woistinmacika ; hinkpina. 



nape, n. Tahu. 
napkin, n. I'ipakinte. 
narcotic, n. Istinma pezuta. 
narrate, vt. Oyaka. 
narration, n. Oyakapi. 
narrative, n. Woyake ; woyakapi. 
narrow, a. Ci'stinna ; hdakinyan 

ci'stinna ; otii)za. vt. Yucika- 

daij. 
narrowly, adv. Ci'stiyedan ; ki- 

tanyan ; aotinsya. 
nasal, a. Po'ge ; po'ge etanhaq. 
nasty, a. Sa'pa ; si'ca. 
natal, a. Tor) 'pi. 
nation, n. Oyate. 
national, a. Oyatetawa. 
nationalize, vt. Oyatekaga. 
native, a. En ton 'pi. n. Ikcewi- 

casta. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



natural 113 

natural, a. Iyeciijka ; wicitawa ; 

to'kecasni. 
naturalist, n. Ta'ku iyecinka ica- 

ga oijspeiciciya. 
naturalize, vt. Oyate o'pekiya. 
natured, a. Tawaciij. 
naught, n. Ta'kudansni. 
naughty, a. Si'ca ; ohaijsica. 
nausea, n. Hitihdapi. 
nautical, a. Miniwanca. 
naval, a. Wi'tawata. 
navel, n. Cekpahdoka. 
uavifable, a. Wa'takipi. 
navigate, vt. Wa'ta on omani. 
navy, n. Wi'tawata optaye. 
nay, n. Hiya. 
near, a. Ikiyedai) ; kiyedai) ; T. 

kanyela. Near falling, owateca 

hinfrpaye kta. — Near together, 

i'cikiyedai). vt. Ikiyedan ya. 
nearly, adv. Ikiyedan. 
neat, a. Wayuco ; ska. 
neatly, adv. Ayucoya. 
nebulous, a. -Po se. 
necessary, a. Heceedan ; hecee- 

dan econpica. 
necessitate, vt. Togye econpica- 

sni. 
necessity, n. Wokaske. 
neck, n. Tahu. Neck of land, izo. 
necklace, n. Wanapin. 
necktie, n. Tahuskaicaske. 
neckyoke, n. Tahuicaske. 
necrology, n. Wica^a owapi. 
need, vt. Yuha iyececa ; icakiza ; 

on kuwapi iyececa. vi. Sta 

he'cetu : you need not come. 

n. Wokakize. 
needful, a. Cokaunpicasni. 
needle, n. Tahinspacikadai). 
needless, a. Sni sta hecetu ; iye- 

cetusni ; ituya. 
needlework, n. Wokagege. 
needs, n. pi. Ta'ku yuha iyececa. 

adv. Iyececa. 
needy, a. Kakiza. 
ne'er, adv. contr. To'hinni sni. 
nefarious, a. Ni'na si'ca. 



nicely 



nefation, n. He'cetusni eyapi. 

negative, n. He'cetusni ; hiya. 

neglect, vt. Aktasni. n. Waakta- 
sni. 

neglectful, a. Waaktasni. 

negligence, n. Woaktasni. 

negligent, a. Waaktasni. 

negotiable, a. Wi'yopeyepica. 

negotiate, vi. Woyustan ka'ga. 

negro, n. Wasicunsapa ; ha'sapa. 

neigh, vi. Sun'kawakanhotoi). 

neighbor, n. Ikiyenati. 

neighborly, a. Kiciunpiwaste. 

neither, a. Unmannasni. 

nephew, n. Tonska ; mitonska ; 
nitoi)ska; tonskaku. 

nepotism, n. Takuya oq o'kiya. 

nerve, vt. On was'agya. n. Kan. 

nervous, a. Kan ececesni; caij- 
car) ; wakahtakeca ; wasazeca. 

nest, n. Hohpi ; wahohpi. 

nestle, vt. Adokso ; kihna. 

Nestor, n. Itancai). 

net, W. Hmun'ka; kamna. n. Wi'- 
hmunke. a. Wayusota iwan- 
kam. Fish-net, ho-icuwa. 

nether, a. Ku'ya. 

netting, n. Mininuhagangan. 

nettle, vt. Pazipa. n. Hasbe. 

network, n. I'ciyuzontapi. 

neuter, a. Unmannasni. 

neutral, a. Unmanna o'pesni. 

never, adv. To'hinnisni. 

nevertheless, adv. He 'casta. 

new, a. Te'ca ; nakaha. 

newly, adv. Nakaha. 

newness, n. Te'ca ; wicateca. 

news,n. Wotaijin. 

newspaper, n. Wotaijinwowapi. 

newt, n. Ahdeska. 

New-year, n. O'makateoa. 

next, a. I'yokihe ; o'kihe. 

Nez Perce's, n. Po'gehdoka. 

nibble, vt. Yaspaspa. 

nice, a. 1. Waste : a nice girl. 2. 
Oiyokipi : a nice time. 3. Iwan- 
yag tehike : a vice question. 

nicely, adv. Tan/yan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



nicety 

■icety, w. Wowaste. 

niche, n. Oko ; okahmii). 

nick, w. Ohei ; oko. vt. Kahci. 

nickel, n. Kaspapiokise. ¥. So'- 
kena. T. So'kela. 

nickname, w. O'hanhai) caze. 

niece, w. Tozan. 

niggard, niggardly, a. Ohansica; 
watehinda. 

niffer, n. Ha'sapa. 

nigh, a. Driyedan ; i'tato. 

night, ft. Haijyetu. Y.&T. Haij- 
hepi. Z<w* night, hin'han ; he- 
hanpi. To-night, hanyetu de; 
hai)hepi de. 

nightcap, ft. Hanhepi wapostan. 

nif ht-fall, ft. fitayetu. 

nifhthawk, ft. Pi'sko. 

nightly, adv. Hanyetu iyohi. 

nightmare, n. Istinma iksuyapi. 

nihilist, n. Wacetunhda. 

nimble, a. Ohanko. 

nine, a. Napciwanka. 

ninefold, a. Napciwanka akihde. 

nineteen, a. Akenapciwanka. 

ninety, a. Wikcemnanapciwanka. 

ninny, n. Witkotkoka. 

ninth, a. Inapciwanka. 

nip, vt. Yaksa ; yaspa ; snisya. 

nippers, n. Mazwiyuzipe. 

nipple, ft. Azeinkpa ; in/kpa. 

nit, ft. He'ya cine a ; hemnisaka- 
dan. 

nix, ft. Wanica. 

no, adv. Hiya : no sir; sni; wa- 
nica. 

nobby, a. Wastecaka. 

nobility, n. Wokinihan. 

noble, a. Okinihan ; waste. 

nobleman, n. Itaijcai). 

nobleness, n. Wokinihai]. 

nobly, adv. Okinihanyai). 

nobody, n. Tuwedansni. Nobody 
came, tuwedan hi sni. 

nocturnal, a. Hanhepi. 

nod, vi. Pakapsan ; ogiijgii). 

noise, n. Ta'ku bu ; ho ; oko. 

noiseless, a. Oko wanica. 



114 note 

noisome, a. Otai) tonka. 

noisy, a. Hobuskai). 

nomadic, a. Ihdagunpi. 

nominal, a. Iapieceedan. 

nominate, vt. Cazepazo. 

nominee, n. Cazepazopi. 

non-, pre. Sni ; wanica. 

none, pro. 1. Tuwedai) sni : none 
spoke. 2. Ta'kudaijsni : none 
left. There is none, wanica. 

nonplus, vt. Wacinhnuniya. 

nonsense, n. Woawacinsni. 

nook, ft. Okanmin. 

noon, w. Wi'cokaya; wiyotanhaij; 
aijpecokaya. 

noonday, a. Wi'cokaya. 

nooning, n. Wi'cokaya enakiyapi. 

noontide, n. Wiiyotai). 

noose, ft. Suijzoyake. 

nor, adv. Kais... sni. He did not 
speak nor move, ie sni, kais 
skai)skan sni. — Neither... nor, 
kais. . . unmanna. . . sni. — He can 
neither see nor hear, wawan- 
yaka kais wanahon unmanna 
okihi sni. 

normal, a. Wahehantu ; woonspe. 

north, n. Waziyata. _— 

northeast, a. Wiyohiyanpa wazi- 
yata. 

northerly, a. Waziyatataijhan. 

northern, a. Waziyata. 

North Platte (river), n. Eampeska. 

northward, a. Waziyatakiya. 

northwest, a. Wiyonpeyata wazi- 
yata. 

nose, ft. Po'ge ; pasu. 

nosebleed, n. Po'ge we we. 

nosegay, n. Wahcaopahte 

nostril, ft. Po'geohdoka. 

not, adv. Sni : not good. 

notable, a. Okitanii). 

notary, m. Wowapi ma'zaapuspa. 

notation, n. Oyawa owapi. 

notch, ft. Ohci ; ohi. vt. Bahci. 

note, vt. 1. Owa : I noted it in nnj 
book. 2. Amdeza : I noted the 
sj)ot. n. 1. Wowapi ci'stinna : 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



noted 115 

J received your note. 2. Kazu- 

zupi kta wowapi : he gave his 

note for ten dollars. 3. To'ketu 

oyakapi : notes on Romans. 4. 

Wokitanin : a man of note. 

5. Dowaijpi ho owapi : I want 

a note-book. 
noted, a. Okitaijii). 
noteworthy, a. En e'wacinpica. 
nothlnf, n. 1. Ta'kudai)... sni. 

He has nothing, ta'kudai) yuhe 

sni. 2. Ta'kusni: it grew from 

nothing to be a great city. 
notice, vt. Amdezaj en e'tonwai) ; 

wanyaka. n. Woyakapij wo- 

wakta; woamdeza. 
noticeable, a. Tanin; okitanin; 

en e'tonwepica. 
notification, n. Iwaktayapi. 
notify, vt. Iwaktaya ; okiyaka. 
notion, n. Wowiyukcan ; woawa- 

cin. 
notional, a. Tawaein hahadan. 
notoriety, n. Ni'na oyakapi. 
notorious, a. A'taya otanii). 
notwithstanding adv. , prep. , conj. 

He'casta ; he'cecasta ; sta. 
noun, n. Wocaze. 
nourish, vt. Icahya ; woku. 
nourishment, n. On icagapi ; wo- 

yute. 
novel, a. Te'ca ; to'keca : a novel 

idea. n. Kakanpi wowapi. 
novelist, n. Wakakan. 
novelty, n. Ta'ku te'ca. 
November, n. Tahecapsmjwi. 
novice, n. Nakaha eeon. 
now, adv. 1. Wanna ; dehan : do 

it now. 2. Dehan : it is cold 

now. 3. Nakahas : I saw him 

just now. 
nowadays, adv. Dehan. 



nymph 



noway, adv. To'ketusta. 
nowhere, adv. Tuktedansni. 
nowise, adv. To'ketusta. 
noxious, a. Wohaka ; si'ca. 
nozzle, n. Ma'zahdogeca i. 
nucleous, n. Hu'te. 
nude, a. Tancodan. 
nudfe, vt. Panini. 
nufatory, a. Wi'yokihisni. 
nugget, n. On spa. 
nuisance, n. Wonagiyeya. 
null, a. Ta'kusni. 
nullify, vt. Yutakunisni. 
nullity, n. Ta'kusni. 
numb, a. Tasaka. 
number, vt. Ya'wa. n. Woyawa ; 

wayawapi ; to'nakeca. 
numerable, a. Yawapiea. 
numeral, n. On wayawapi. 
numerate, vt. Yawa. 
numerator, n. Okaspe to'nakeca. 
numerical, a. To'nakeca. 
numerous, a. O'ta ; wicota. 
numskull, n. Witkotkoka. 
nun, n. Sinasapawinyai). 
nunnery, n. Sinasapawinyai) ti pi. 
nuptial, a. Wakankiciyuzapi. 
nurse, n. Hoksiyopa awarjyaka; 

wayazaijka awanyaka. vt. 

A wanyaka; azinkiya. 
nursery, n. 1. Ohna hoksiyopa 

awanyakapi. 2. Can/ozupi oi- 

cahye ; oicahye. 
nurture, n. Icahya ; woku. 2. 

Woicage ; woonspe ; woyute. 
nut, n. Yuhugapi; ma'zaayuho- 

mnipi. 
nutmef, n. Cansuukaseca. 
nutriment, n. On wasakapi. 
nutritious, a. Was'agwicaya. 
nutshell, n. Yahugapiha. 
nymph, n. Win y an wanagi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



116 



obscuration 



o 



o f interj. Ho ; howo ; ye ; e ; wai) ; 
ti. God ! hear j Wakaijtaqka 
nahoi) ye. — Ofor a drop, osbu- 
ye wanzidan, mduha ni. — O 
dear ! ecane. 

oak, n. Utuhu ; ituhu ; uskuyeca. 
An oak tree, utuhu can. 

oaken, a. Utuhu. 

oakum, n. Wa'ta opundi. 

oar, n. Wamnaheca; i'watope- 
kiya ; wadihupa. 

oarsman, n. Watopa. 

oasis, n. Makawaste : makopuze 
ekta onspa waste. 

oats, n. Wayahota. 

oath, n. Wakantanka cazeyatapi. 
He was taking the oath. Wa- 
kantanka cazeyankiyapi. — On 
his oath, Wakantanka cazeyan. 
— Profane oaths, Wakaijtanka 
inad cazeyatapi. 

oatmeal, n. Wayahota yukpanpi. 

obduracy, n. Cantesutapi. 

obdurate, a. Cantesuta ; tehika. 

obdurately, adv. Okihipicasniyai). 

obedience, n. Waanagoptai) ; wa- 
nahoijpi. 

obedient, a. Wanahon, ; waana- 
goptai) ; wawiyowiijkiya. 

obediently, adv. Waanagoptaijyaij; 
iyowii)yai). 

obeisance, n. Wapatuzapi ; wo- 
ohoda. 

obelisk, n. In'yan, omdotoij pasda- 
tapi. 

obey, vt. Anagoptai) ; nahoi) ; 
ecen ecoi). Obey your mother, 
nihun anagoptan. vi. Waana- 
goptai). 

obituary, n. Wica^e ; wica^a oya- 
kapi. 

object 7 , vi. Wicadasni ; ienhiyeya. 
He objects to going, ye kta wi- 
cadasni. 



ob'ject, n. 1. Ta'ku ; ta'ku wanzi. 
All objects, ta'ku owasin. 2. 
Ta'ku on etanhai). Man does 
nothing without an object, wi- 
casta ta'ku on etanhansni ta'- 
kudan econsni. 3. (Oram.) 
Wi'koyake ; iapi ikoyake. 

objection, n. Wowicadaani; wo- 
kase ; oi) wicadasni. 

objectionable, a. I'enhiyeyepica. 

objective, a. 1. Ta'ku ; i'ye tan'- 
tanhan; ta'ku tan in. 2. (Gram.) 
Ikoyag un. 

objectively, adv. Taijinyai). 

objector, n. I'enhiyeyes'a. 

oblation, n. Wosnapi; Y. wai- 
hpeyapi; T. waunyaijpi. 

obllf ate, vt. EconMya ; en kaska 
yu'za. 

obligation, n. Wokaske ; wi'yuze ; 
ta'ku econ iyececa. Tlie son is 
under obligations to his father. 
Cinhintku kin atkuku ta'ku 
ecakicon iyececa. 

oblifatory, a. Sutayaikoyake. 

obiif e, vt. 1. Econkiya ; -kiya ; 
i'yopastag ecoijkiya : they 
obliged him to go. 2. Pida- 
kiya ; o'kiya. I am obliged to 
you, pidamayakiya. — I obliged 
him, pidawakiya. 

obligiof , a. Wawapidakiye. 

oblique, a. Atakiijyai) ; oh'ya. 

obliquely, adv. Ipawehya ; oh'ya. 

obliquity, n. Woahtani ; woyusna. 

obliterate, vt. Yutaninsni ; yuzuzu. 

obliteration, n. Wayutaninsni. 

oblivion, n. Wokiksuyesni. 

obloquy, n. Wowahtedasni. 

obnoxious, a. Wayusica; wafcte- 
dapisni. 

obscene, a. Wowisteca ; sa'pa. 

obscenity, n. Wowisteca iapi. 

obscuration, n. Akahpapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



obscure 117 

obscure, vt. Akahpa ; yutaninsni. 
a. 1. Taniijsni; kitanyai) taij- 
ii) : an obscure expression. 2. 
Tu'we taninsni : an obscure 
man. 3. Nahmana un ; tuwe- 
dai) se wanyakesni : an obscure 
bird. 4. To'ken ka'pi taniijsni ; 
okahnih tehike : an obscure 
order. 

obscurely, adv. Tanin&niyan. 

obscurement, n. Woyutaniijsni. 

obscureness, n. Otaijhjsni. 

obscurity, n. Wonahbe; to'ketu 
taniijsni. 

obsequious, a. Ituya wayatai) ; 
waasdohan. 

obsequies, n. Wicata okuwa. 

observable, a. Waijyagpica ; ki- 
ksuyepica ; opepica. 

observance, n. Ahopapi; wooho- 
da; ohodapi; woahope. The 
observance of the Sabbath, Aij- 
petuwakai) ahopapi. Catholic 
observancies, &inasapa woa- 
hope. 

observant, a. 1. Wa'mdeza ; wa'- 
kite : an observant boy. 2. Aho- 
pe ; en e'tonwe : observant of 
the rules. 

observantly, adv. Wa'mdesya. 

observation, n. 1. Woiwaijyake ; 
woamdeza ; iwaijyakapi ; wi'- 
wanyakapi. / know by obser- 
vation. 2. Woawacii) ; wowi- 
yukcai) ; iapi : a wise observa- 
tion. 3. Woiyute ; wicanhpi 
iyute. 

observatory, n. Wicanhpi iwaij- 
yakapi ti'pi ; tonweya co'wahe. 

observe, vt. 1. Ahope ; kiksuye ; 
patan ; en ewacii) ; pakai) : ob- 
serve tlie Sabbath. 2. Iwanya- 
ka ; amdeza : observe the man's 
actions. 3. Oyaka ; e'ya. 

observe, vi. Wa'mdeza ; woyaka. 

observer, n. Wa'mdeza ; waoho- 
da ; wawoyaka. 

observing, a. Wa'mdeza. 



occasional 



obsolete, a. Wanna un/pi sni : 
obsolete customs. 

obstacle, n. Wokagi ; wokase. 

obstetrics, n. Cincatonwicakiyapi 
woon ape. 

obstinacy, n. 1. Tawacin sntapi ; 
wonahon nicapi. Obstinacy in 
a pupil is dreadful. 2. Piyepi- 
casni. 

obstinate, a. Wakitan ; wanahon- 
sni ; okihipicasni. 

obstinately, adv. Wakitanyaij; wa- 
nahoijsniyan. 

obstruct, vt. Kagiya ; anica. Ob- 
struct the workmen, htanipi kin 
kagiwicaya. — It obstructs the 
flow of water, mini kaduze cin 
anica. 

obstructer, n. Wakagiya. 

obstruction, n. Wokagi ; woanica ; 
kagiyapi. 

obtain, vt. Okini ; icu ; kihdega. 
I have now obtained the money, 
wanna ma'zaska owakini. — He 
did not obtain what he earned, 
ta'ku kamna kin icu sni. — At 
last he obtained renown, un'- 
hanketa wokitaijiij kihdega. 

obtainable, a. Icupica ; okihipica. 

obtainer, n. Tu'we icu kin. 

obtrude, vt. En hiyuiciye hca 
He obtruded himself, kicopisni 
en hiyuiciya. 

obtuse, a. 1. Tan'ka : pe'sto sni : 
obtuse angle. 2. Hanhi; wa- 
cinksapesni. 

obverse, a. Ite itunkam. 

obviate, vt. Kakaniiyeya. 

obvious, a. Taniij ; taijiijyan wan- 
ka; okitaniq : the meaning is 
obvious. 

obviously, adv. Taijinyaij ; okitaij- 
hjyaij. 

occasion, n. Oeyuftpa; anpetu; 
ta'ku on cin'pi ; oun ; ka'ga. 
vt. Ka'ga. 

occasional, a. Wan'wancadaij ; 
enanakiya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



occasionally 



118 



off 



occasionally, adv. Tuktekten. 

Occident, n. Wiyohpeyata. 

occult, a. Wanyagpicasni ; ana- 
hbeya un. 

occupancy, n. Hduhapi ; otipi. 

occupant, n. Oti ; yuha. 

occupation, n. 1. Yuha un/pi; oti- 
pi ; en ti'pi. 2. Wicohai) ; wo- 
akiijciye. Our occupation is 
farming, wicohai) unkitawapi 
wozupi he'e. 

occupy, vt. 1. Oti ; ohna un : I 
occupy this house. 2. Ozudai)- 
ya ; akan un : his buildings oc- 
cupy half an acre. 3. Kuwa- 
kiya; wasi : Ten carpenters 
were occupied. 4. Yuha ; yuso- 
ta. He occupied my time ten 
days, anpetu wikcema maki- 
yusota. 

occur, vi. 1. Yukai) ; akipa ; ica- 
ga. What has occurred at the 
Agency. If opportunity occurs, 
oko yukai) kirjhai). 2. Woawa- 
cin hi ; kiksuya. It occurred to 
me just in time, iyehantudan- 
hii) we'ksuya. 

occurrence, n. Woakipa ; woyuto- 
keca : daily occurrences. 

ocean, n. Miniwanca ; ta'ku iyo- 
tan, tan'ka. 

oceanic, a. Miniwaqcata. 

ocher, n. Makasa. 

octafon, n. Cuwi sahdogan. 

octave, n. Ho sahdogai). 

October, n. Wi iwikcemna; wa- 
zupi-wi. 

octoroon, n. Okaspe isahdogan 
ha'sapa. 

ocular, a. Ista oi) waijyakapi. 

oculist, n. Istakuwa. 

odd, a. 1. To'keca ; ohantokeca ; 
wowiha : an odd boy. 2. Sani ; 
sani wanica. A lot of odd 
shoes. 3. Iyaye; ta'kudan ki- 
cica sni : odd pieces of calico. 

oddity, n. To'keca ; wowiha. 

oddly, adv. Togye ; wowihaya. 



oddness, n. Wotokeca ; wowiha. 

odds, n. Wowiyukcan. 

ode, n. Odowai) okinihan. 

odious, a. Wahtesni ; wanted api- 
sni. 

odiously, adv. Wahtedasniyan. 

odium, n. Wowahteani. 

odometer, n. Cankuiyute (canpa- 
hmihma hu ikoyake). 

odor, n. Woomna ; omnapi. A 
sweet odor, wastemna. 

odorless, a. Takumnasni. 

odorous, a. Ecamna ; wastemna. 

ot,prep. 1. (Denoting source) Etan- 
han. . I received it of my fath er, 
ate etanhan mduha. — Give of 
your substance, woyuha nitawa 
etanhan, ku. — Within a step of 
tlw river, wakpa etanhai) ca- 
hdepi wanzi. 2. On ; on. etan- 
han. Of his own will, iye ta- 
wacii) on. 3. (Possessory) Ta'- 
wa; ta-; yuha. The house of 
the king, itancai) ti'pi ta'wa. — 
7 he strength of the lion, mnaza 
to'was'ake. — The shoe of a 
woman, win'yai) tahanpa. — A 
man of strength, wicasta wowa- 
s'ake yuha. 4. (With a qual- 
ifying noun the force of the 
proposition is often expressed 
by juxtaposition.) A boat of 
bark, canhawata. — The city of 
Omaha, Omaha otonwe. — Tlw 
love of God is everlasting, Wa- 
kai)tai)ka to'wastedake owihan- 
ke wanica. 

off, adv. 1. Tokai) ; to'kiya ; to- 
kanyai) ; iyog. Don't look off, 
tokai) e'tonwe sni. — He is gone 
off, to'kiya iyaye. — The cover 
is off, iha kii) iyog ui). 2. 
r tokai) ; i'citehan. Tlie river is 
a mile off, wakpa kii) iyutapi 
waijzi i'tokan un. — Off and on, 
enanakiya. — The concert will 
come off, dowanpi kin econpi 
kta. — To get off a speech, woo- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



off 119 

wohdake ecoij . — To get off from 
trial, woyaco etanhai) tokan 
iyaye. — Tell off the names, wi- 
cacaze oyag a'ya. — He is well 
off, tanyai) un. — Offhand, wan'- 
cahnana. — Off side, unman eci- 
yatanhan,. — CW ojf, baspa. 

off, infer/. Tokai) ya ; kihda. 

off, a, 1. Akotaijhai) ; unmaneci- 
yatanhan. : the off ox. 2. Aie- 
cetusni : an off year. 

offal, n. 1. Ta'ku ehpeyapi. Tte 
©JfaZ covered the streets, ta'ku 
ehpeyapi kiij canku ozudan. 

2. Tasupe ; wopate to'na yu'za- 
pi sni. 

offend, vi. Iyokipisniya ; sihdaya. 

He was offended, iyokipisni- 

yapi. 
offend, vi. WaMani; woope ki- 

cakse. 
offender, n. Wahtanis'a. 
offense, n. Woahtani; woiyokipi 

sni : wosihda. 
offensive, a. 1. Iyowicakipisni ; 

wosihda : offensive words. 2. 

I'ye wicakuwa. 
offer, vt. 1. £u kta eya ; kipazo ; 

iwanyagsi : he offered me his 

horse. 2. Waihpeya; wosna. 
offer, n. 1. Woecon ; ecoij kta 

eyapi. He made a kind offer, 

taijyai) ecoij kta eya. 2. Ta'ku 

ku'pi ; to'nakeca on ecoijpi kta. 

3. Woiyuta : he made no offer 
to run. 

offerinf, n. 1. Wosnapi; wai- 
npeyapi ; womnaye wakai). 
The missionary offering, wo- 
taijinwaste womnaye. 2. Ta'ku 
econpi kta eyapi. 

offhand, a. Ihnuhan ; i'tokam 
awacin sni : an offhand 
speech. 

office, n. 1. Ti'pi; ti ; ohna skin'- 
ciye : agenfs office. 2. Woe- 
con ; woitancai) : an office in 
the church. 



old 



office-holder, n. Woitancanyuha ; 
wicohanyuha. 

officer, n. Itancai) : a military 
officer, vt. Itancai) wicakaga. 

official, a. Woitancai) ; woecoi). 

officially, adv. Itancai) eciyatai)- 
han. 

officiate, vt. Econ. ; woitancan wi- 
cohan econ. 

officious, a. Itancai) kte hca. 

officiously, adv. Itancaijicidase. 

offscourinf , n. Ta'ku ehpeyapi. - 

offset, n. Adetka ; wokazuzu. 

offshoot, n. Adetka. 

offspring n. Cinca. 

oft, adv. See often. 

often, adv. S'a ; izehan ; icizehan ; 
akihde: o'ta. He comes here 
often, den hi s'a. How often, 
tona. 

oftentimes, adv. Icizehan; o'ta- 
kiya. 

Of alalia, n. T. Oglala; Y. Ok- 
dada. 

oh, interj. E ; wan ; yu. 

oil,«. Wi'hdi; Y. wi'kdi; T. wi'- 
gli ; sda ; wi'hdi tiktica. Castor- 
oil, wi'hdi iyoptaiyeyapi. vt. 
Sdaya. 

oilcloth, n. Minihuha sdusduta. 

oiled, a. Sdayapi ; sda. 

oiler, n. Isdaye. 

oilstone, n. Wiohdisda. 

oily, a. Sda ; sdusduta. 

ointment, n. Wi'sdaye ; ihepi. 

Ojibway, n. fiahatoijwaij. 

old, a. 1. Ehanna ; wanakaza ; 
o'ta. An old man, wicasta 
ehanna ; wicahca. — Old age, 
waniyetu o'ta. 2. Icaga ; ui) ; 
aouijye; (often unexpressed.) 
A bob* a few days old, hoksi- 
yopa anpotu to'nana. — How old 
are you, waniyetu nitonakeca 
he. — / am ten years old, wa- 
niyetu mawikcemna. 3. Ehan- 
tanhan ; ehannatanhai). An 
old ball player, ehannatanhai) 



Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



olden 120 

takapas'a. 4. Ehaijna un'pi; 
wanna si'ca ; kai) : an old coat. 

olden, a. Ehanna. 

older, a. comp. Tokapa. 

oldish, a. Ki'tanna ehanna. 

old-fashioned, a. Okage ehanna. 

old-nan, n. Wicahca. 

old-woman, w. Wakanka; Y. wi- 
nohca; T. winohcala. 

oleomarfarine, n. Asaqpi ihdi wa- 
sna oq ka'gapi. 

olfactory, a. On womnapi. 

olive, a. To'sapa. 

Omaha, n. Omaha. 

omef a, n. Ehake ; oowa ehake. 

omelet n. Wi'tka kacoco span- 
yanpi. 

omen, n. Wohdece ; wowakta. 

omen, vt. Kihdeca ; wakcai). 

ominous, a. Wowakta ; wakihde- 
capi. 

omission, n. Ecoi)pi sni ; aktoi)- 
zapi ; ynsnapi. 

omit, vt. Yusna ; ecoi) Sni. 

omnibus, n. Caijpahmihma ano- 
katanhai) i'yotankapi; o'ta kipi. 

omnipotent, a. Iyotai) was'aka. 

omnipresent, a. O'wancaya ui). 

omniscient, a. Ta'ku owasii) sdon- 
ya. 

omnium-fatherum, n. Wokpahi. 

omnivorous, a. Ta'ku owasii) yu'ta. 

on, prep. 1. Akan; a-: on the 
table. — The board fell on me, 
canmdaska amahinhpaye. 2. 
En ; icunhai). 3. Iyehan ; eca ; 
ehan. On the breaking out of 
the war, okicize icaga ehan. 
4. Ttakihna; akan. Stones upon 
stones, in'yai) i'takihnahna. 5. 
On ; cazeyan. On his oath, 

. Wakantanka cazeyan. 6. En ; 
ekta. On the public works, oyate 
ta'wicohai) en. — He bet on the 
little horse, sun/kawakai) ci'- 
stinna en iyakaska. 7. Etaij- 
hai) ; ekta. On the committee, 
committee etanhaq. — On the 



oneness 

one hand, de'ciyataqhai). — 
Come on, mi'hakam u ; howo. 
— Put your dress on, nitoske 
kicun. — Depend on, wacinyai). 
House on fire, ti'pi ide. — On 
the way, tahepi. — On the tcing, 
annyan ; owanzi un sni. — 
Placed on high, wankan e'hna- 
ka. — Play on the violin, can- 
pakinzapi dowankiya. — Walk 
on, amani. 

on, adv. San 'pa ; iyoopta. Go on, 
san/pa ya. 

once, adv. 1. Wan'cadai). Doit 
once, wan'cadai) ecoi). 2. To'- 
hiijni ; ehanna : once there was 
an earthquake. All at once I 
heard it, ihnuhanna nawanon. 
— AU at once, heave, owasii) 
o'konwanzidai), yutitaq. — Do 
it at mice, wan/cahnana econ. 
— Once and again, akihdehde. 
— Once more, ehake. — Once 
started, to'hinni iyaye cinhai). 
— Once upon a Ume, to'hinni 
aijpetu wan, en. — This once, 
deceedan. 

one, a. Wanzi ; wanzidai) ; wan- 
zina; wan'ca; sani. — All one, 
to'kecasni. — One day, anpetu 
wanzi; to'hinni. — One foot, si- 
sani. — One hand, napsani. — 
One or the other, de'e kais ne'e ; 
unmaijtukte wan/zi. — The en- 
emies are at one, to'kakiciyapi 
kii) wanna okowanzipidai). 

one, n. 1. Wanzi. "He will hate 
the one and love the other." 2. 
Oijge; to'na; waijzikzi. The 
big ones, to'na tankiqkinyai). — 
The little ones, cikcistiijpidan ; 
wakanheza. — One by one, waij- 
zikzi. 

one, pron. Tu'we; tu'wekasta. 
One another, kici. — They em- 
braced one another, po'skin ki- 
ciyuzapi. 

oneness, n. Wowanzidai). 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



onerous 121 

onerous, a. Tke. 

one-sided, a. Sanina ; sanito'keca. 

one's self, pron. Iye'hca ; iye i'ya- 
tayedai). 

ongoings, n. Woecoi) ; woiyopte. 

onion, n. Psin. 

only, a. 1. Heceedan. The only 
8urvivor f heceedai) ni. 2. Isna- 
na ; -na'na. I only, mi&nana. — 
You only, nisnana. — He only, 
isnana. — The man only, wicasta 
isnana. — Only one, wanzidai). 
— Only two, nom'nana. 

onset, n. Wonatai) ; takpeyapi. 

onslaught, n. Wonatai) ; ki'ciya- 
hpayapi. 

onto, prep. Akan. 

onward, a. Iyopta ; san/pa ya : 
the onward march. 

onward, adv. San 'pa; iyopteya. 

ooze, vi. Nasdi ; sdi'sdi ; ske'pa. 

opaque, a. Kohdisni ; taqhjsni. 

open, a. Yugan hai) ; kazamni 
hai) ; natakesni ; ca'gasni ; tan- 
iijyai) un, ; akahpesni. An open 
account, oioazo wowapi yustan- 
pisni. — An open basket, makan- 
opiye akahpapisni. — An open 
door, tiyopa yugan han. — Open 
air, taijkan tate. — Open coun- 
tenance, waanakihbesni ite. — 
Open flowers, wahca kazamnipi. 
— Open for an engagement, ta'- 
ku econkiyapi kta wi'yeya un. 
— Open guilt, woahtani taniq- 
yai) un. — Open house, ti'pi yu- 
hdog han. — Open road, eai)ku 
natakapisni. — Open shed, ti'pi 
ahanke ohdoka o'ta. — Open to 
attack, iyahpayapi waste. — 
Open winter, waniyetu wa wa- 
nioa. 

open, vt. Yugan; yuzamni; yu- 
hdoka; yukawa; yutanin; to- 
kaheyaecoi). Opened his plans, 
to'ken econ kta yutaijii). — Open 
one^s mouth, i hdukawa. — Open 
the box, koka yuhdoka. — Open 



the door, tiyopa yugai). — Open 
the hand, nape yumdaya. — 
Open the letter, wowapi yuhdo- 
ka. — They opened fire, iye toka- 
heya ma'zakan utapi. vi. Ka- 
zamni iyaye. 

opener, n. On yuhdokapi; yu- 
hdoke. 

open-handed, a. Waihpeyes'a ; 
ohanpi. 

open-hearted, a. Waanahbesni ; 
canwihaha. 

opening, n. 1. Ohdoka ; oyugan ; 
oko : there was an opening in 
the roof. 2. Yuhdokapi; wo- 
tokahe ; tokaheya econpi. I 
saw him at the opening of the 
Conference. 3. Oko ; ohna yan- 
ka waste. An opening for a 
doctor. 4. Can wehna oko ; can- 
hdehde. 

openly, adv. Tanujyaij; anahbe- 
sni. 

open-mouthed, a. Icam ; ohansun- 
keca. 

opera, n. Dowaqska'tapi ; woska- 
teti'pi. 

operate, vt. Econ. ; kuwa ; ka'ga. 
Operate a sewing-machine, on 
wakagegepi ecoi). vi. Skai) ; 
waecoi) ; iheyekiya ; kuwa. 

operation, n. Wokuwa ; wicohan ; 
woecoi) ; kuwapi. 

operative, a. Kuwa okihi ; wi'yo- 
kihi. n. Kuwa wayupikapi. 

operator, n. Tu'we kuwa kin. 

opiate, n. Istinbekiyapi pezuta; 
oziwicayapi. 

opine, vt. Ecii) ; iyukcan. 

opinion, n. Woawacii) ; wowiyu- 
kcanjwaciijyuzapi. The opinion 
is prevalent, woawacin Mi) tan/- 
kaya un. — The good opinion of 
my friends, mitakada tanyai) 
ecanmakinpi. 

opium, n. Pezuta on istinmapi. 

opossum, n. Sintesdatanka. 

opponent, n. Kici econ ; to'ka ; 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



opportune 122 

i'tkokhnna'zii) ; kuwa ; wicada 
sni. 

opportune, a. Waiyehantu. 

opportunity, n. Ohna oeooi) waste ; 
oko ; iyehantu. 

oppose, vt. I'tkokipa ; kipazin ; 
wicada sni; ecetu kte sni; 
kuwa ; anapta. I did not oppose 
him, i'tkowakipe sni. — He op- 
posed her going, ye kta wicada 
sni. — They opposed the Govern- 
ment, woitancan. Mn kipazinpi. 
— They opposed the prohibition 
law, miniwakan anaptapi woo- 
pe ecetu kte sni kuwapi. 

opposer,n. Wakipazhj; waanapte. 

opposite, a. Unman eciyatanhai) ; 
akasaijpa ; koakata ; unman ; 
to'keca ; itkom uij . The opposite 
leaves, ape i'tkokicipa. — The 
opposite party, ospaye unmai). 
The opposite side of the street, 
canku unman, eciyatanhai), 

oppositely, adv. I'citkokim. 

opposition, n. 1. Wowicadasni; 
wokipazii) ; kipazinpi ; kagiya- 
pi. Their opposition is vain, 
wicadapi sni Mi) ta'kudai) iyo- 
kihi sni. 2. Wakipaziijpi ; i'tko- 
kikapi; unmanpi; ospaye un- 
mai). The opposition killed the 
bill, ospaye unman, woope kin. 
yutakunipi sni. 

oppress, vt. KaMsya ; tkeya kii)- 
kiya. 

oppression, n. Wakakisyapi ; wo- 
kakize ; iyahdaskin ui). 

oppressive, a. Tke; wakakisya; 
iyahdaskica. 

oppressively, adv. Tkeya; waka- 
kisya. 

oppresssor, n. Wakakisya ; si- 
caya wicakuwa. 

opprobrious, a. Wowisteca; wa- 
htesni. 

opprobrium, n. Wowahtesni. 

optative, a. Cin/pi. 

optic, a. Ista ; oi) tonwanpi. 



order 



optical, a. Ista. 

optics, ». Wi'yozanzan. woonspe ; 

wicista woonspe. 
optimist, n. Tu'we ta'ku owasin 

icaijtewaste un. 
optimistic, a. O'hiijni waste kta 

kecin.. 
option, n. Wokahnige; wakahni- 

nigapi ; cin/pi ; tohan cii)pi. 
optional, a. Cin/pi Mnhan. ecorjpi 

kta: optional studies. 
opulence, a. Woyuha; wowizice. 
opulent, a. Watonka ; wi'zica. 
or, conj, Kais ; T. nais. 
oracle, n. Ta'kuwakai) oie ; ta'ku- 
wakai) ; wakai)dapi. 
oracular, a. Wakan. 
oral, a. Ieyahai) yuhapi; owapi 

sni. 
orally ; adv. Ieyahai). 
orange, n. Taspaqgi. 
orange, a. Zi'gi. 
orang-outang, n. Wauijca istohan- 

ska. 
oration, n. Owohdake; woowo- 

hdake. 
orator, n. Ieksapa ; wohdaka. 
oratorical, a. Ieksapa. 
oratory, n. Wayapiya wohdakapi. 
orb, n. Ta'ku mima ; wi ; wican- 

hpi. 
orbit, n. Oahomni ; ocai)ku. 
orchard, n. Waskuyeca canwo- 

zupi. 
orchestra, n. Canpakinzapi opta- 

ye. 
ordain, vt. Ka'ga ; wicastawakan 

ka'ga ; kahniga. 
ordained, p. Ka'gapi ; yustanpi. 
ordeal, n, Oecon ; wowawiyu- 

taijye. 
order, n. 1. Waecoijsipi ; woope. 

An order to sell no whisky, mi- 

niwakai) wi'yopeyapi kte sni 

woope. — Our orders were not to 

stop, na'zii) sni unsipi. 2. To'- 

ken o'wecinhai) wai)ka ecee; 

owotanna. Bring them in reg- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



order 123 

ular order. 3. Ta'ku da'pi wo- 
wapi ; ta'ku econwicasipi ; ku- 
wicasipi wowapi. / sent an 
order for goods, ma'za da'pi 
wowapi yewaya. — Please give 
me an order for beef tado ku- 
wicasipi wowapi maku ye. 4. 
Oeaze ; obe : order of talent. 
5. Okodakiciye : the order of 
Odd Fellwos. 6. Woecon. The 
old order of things, ehanna 
woecoi) kii). — Give orders, ecoij- 
wicasi. — In order to, oi) etaij- 
hai). — Keep order, owanzi yan- 
ka ; ecen yaijka. — Money order, 
oi) ma'zaska icupi wowapi — 
Order book, ta'ku da'pi wowa- 
pi. — Order of battle, okicize 
oecoi). — Put the house in order, 
ti'pi kii) tanyai) piyapi. — Stand- 
ing orders, eca oecoi). — The 
order of words in English, Wa- 
sicui) iapi woeye to'ken o'we- 
cii)hai) waqka. 

order, vt. 1. Econsi ; -Si. He or- 
dered me out of the house, tai)- 
kan yemasi. 2. Da ; auwicasi : 
he ordered some water. 3. E'- 
hnaka ; kuwa. 

orderly, a. 1. Ta'ku owasii) tai)- 
yai) waijka: an orderly town. 
Wananoijpi; owanzi uij'pi. 

ordinance, n. Woope. 

ordinarily, adv. Ecee. 

ordinary, a. He'cetuka; to'ken 
yuhapi ecee. 

ordination, n. Wicastawakai) ka'- 
gapi ; wokage. 

ordnance, n. Ma'zakantanka. 

ore, n. Ma'za okapi ecehna. 

organ, n. 1. Caij'dowaijkiyapi. A 
cabinet organ, candowankiyapi 
koka omdotoi) se. — A pipe or- 
gan, candowankiyapimazahdo- 
geca. 2. Adetka ; onspa etan- 
hai) ; huha. 

orf anic, a. Huha yukeya ; o'kihe 
yukai). 



ostensibly 

organism, w. Ta'ku huha yukai). 

organization, n. Ta'ku taijcai) hu- 
ha ko ka'gapi ; okodakiciye. 

organize, vt. Oskinciye kta iyecen 
ka'ga; wicohan ecekcen itai)- 
cai) wicakaga; itaneai) wica- 
kaga ; ecekcen waeconwica- 
kiya. 

organizer, n. Waeconwicakiya. 

orgies, n. Ska'tapi. 

orient, n. Wi'hinanpa ; wiyohi- 
yanpa. 

oriental, a. Wiyohiyaijpata. 

orifice, n. Ohdoka. 

origin, n. Otokahe ; ohinanpe. 

original, a. Otokahe ; tokaheya 
ka'gapi ; nahaijh uij'pi sni. 

originality, w. Tokaheya wi'yu- 
kcaijpi. 

originally, adv. Otokaheya ; iye- 
cinka. 

originate, vt. Tokaheya ka'ga; 
ka'ga. vi. Tokaheya icaga. 

ornament, n. Woyuwaste ; wowi- 
tan. vt. Yuwaste ; wi'pata. 

ornamental, a. Wayuwaste. 

ornamentally, adv. Yuwasteya. 

ornamentation, n. Wayuwastepi ; 
wi'patapi; oinkitonpi. 

ornamenter, n. Wayuwawaste. 

ornate, a. Yuwastepi ; yucoya 
ka'gapi ; waste. 

ornithology, n. Wahupakoza wo- 
oi)spe ; zitkadai) oyakapi. 

orphan, n. Wamdeniea. 

orphanage, n. 1. Wamdenicatipi. 
2. Wowamdenica. 

orthodox, a. Owotanna; woope 
ohnayai). 

orthography, n. Iapi oowa tanyai) 
e'hnakapi ; oowa eyapi. 

Osage (Indians), n. Wazaza. 

oscillate, vi. Kazezeya. 

oscillating, a. Eaozeze. 

oscillation, n. Wokaze. 

ossify, vi. Hu icaga. 

ostensible, a. Pazopi. 

ostensibly, adv. Se ececa ; keya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



ostentation 124 

ostentation, n. Wi'hdutanpi. 

ostentations, a. Wi'taijtaijpi. 

ostracise, vt. Napeya ; oyate ta'wa 
etaijhan kihdeya. 

ostrich, 11. Wanupakozatan'ka. 

other, a. Unman ; to'keca. Give 
to others, tokai) wicaku. — No 
other but, tu'we to'heca. — 
Some.., other, onge... onge. — 
The other day, aijpetu he'kta ; 
decana. — The other side, un- 
mai) eeiyatanhan. 

otherwise, adv. 1. Togye. He 
thought otherwise, i'ye togye 
awacii). 2. He'cetusni kii)hai) ; 
togye un/kans. 

Otoe (Indians), n. Oyatenonpa. 

Ottawa (Indians); n. Hotawe. 

otter, n. Ptan. 

Ottoman (Turk), n. Wicasta. 

onf ht, v. aux. Iyececa ; he'cetu. 
You ought to go, de kta iye- 
ceca. 

ounce, n. Otkeute ci'stinna. 

our, pron. Unkitawapi; unki-. 
Our country, unkitamakoce. — 
Belongs to you and me (dual), 
unkitawa. 

ours, pron. poss. Unkitawapi. 

ourselves, pron. Unkiyepi hca. 
We ourselves, unkiyepiiyataye- 
dan. 

oust, vt. Yutokaniyeya ; iyayeya. 

out, adv. Tankan. Cried out, ni'- 
na eya. — Day in and day out, 
anpetu ad'ataya. — Fell out of 
the wagon, canpahmihma etan- 
han hinhpaya. — Fell out about 
who should ride, tu'we akanyo- 
tanke kta akinicapi. — Find out, 
iyeya. — Fire went out, pe'ta sni. 
— Hear the speech out, owo- 
hdake ihuijniyai) nahon. — He 
laughed out, taniqyai) ina. — 
Out and out, ataya ; tanataya. 
— Out at the knees, cankpehdo- 
ka. — Out in his calculations, 
iyawa ekta yusna ; yusna. — 



outdo 



Out in the field, tankan ma'ga 
ekta; magata. — Out of, etan- 
han tankan ; i'tankan. — Out of 
breath, niyasni. — Out of bus- 
iness, wieonan ni'ca. — Out of 
conceit with, iyokipi sni. — Out 
of date, anpetu i'sanpa ; iye- 
hantusni. — Out of joint, o'kihe 
papsun; papsun. — Out of his 
mind, tawaein en un sni ; aki- 
ktonza; wacinhnuni. — Out of 
one's head, wacinhnuni. — Out 
of order, sicaya un; yusicapi. 
— Out of pocket, ma'zaska onge 
kiyusota. — Out of print, yuso- 
tapi. — Out of the question, en 
e'waciijpicasni. — Out of reach, 
iyohiyepicasni — Out of season, 
o'maka iyehantusni. — Out of 
sight, tan ii) sni ; wanyagpicasni. 
— Out of sorts, caniyokipisni. — 
Out of sugar, canhaijpiyusota. 
— Out of temper, wacinko. — 
Out of the way, canku icunom ; 
icunom. — Out West, wiyohpey- 
ata. — Put out of the way, icun- 
om iyeya ; ktepi. — Put the Ugh ts 
out, petizanzan bosni. — The 
secret is out, ta'ku nahmanpi 
kiu otanin. — The wine is out, 
minisa kin henana. — You put 
me out by your noise, oko kin 
on yusnamayaya. 

out, vt. Tankan u; tanin. Truth 
will out, wowicake tanin kta. 

out, interj. Tankan iyaya ; iyaya. 

out; pref. I'sanpa ; kapeya ; kte'- 
daq. 

outargue, vt. I'akapeya. 

outbalance, vt. Is an pa tke. 

ontbef, vt. Wadapi kte'dai). 

outbreak, n. Bosdokapi ; wosice. 

outburst, n. Bomdazapi. 

outcast, a. Tankan ehpeyapi. 

outcome, n. Etanhai) ta'ku icage. 

outcry, n. Owodutaton ; i'eniye- 
yapi. 

outdo, vt. Ikapeya econ. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



outdoor 125 

outdoor, a. Tankan. 
outer, a. Haakamya ; tankan. 
outermost, a. Taijkanihanke. 
outfit, n. Oq ihduwiyeyapi ; wi'- 

Hcanye. 
outflank, vt. Aohomniya. 
outgo, vt. Wayusotapi ; kapeya. 
outgoing, n. Oenape. 
outgrow, vt. I'akamicaga; tan/ka- 

ioaga. 
outhouse, n. Tankantipi. 
outing, n. Enanakiya un/pi; to- 

kai) un/pi. 
outlandish, a. To'keca ; si'ca. 
outlast, vt I'sam te'han waste 

kta. 
outlaw, n. Woope inazica un ; 

woope ohoda sni. vt. Woope 

itankan iyeya. 
outlay, n. Ma'zaska yusotapi ; wo- 

kazuzu. 
outlet, n. Iyohdoke ; oenape. 
outline, n. Ohomni ioazopi : owo- 

hdake ocaqkuye. vt. Icazo; 

ptenyedai) oyaka. 
outlive, vt. I'sanpa ni. 
outlook, n. Owaqyake; iteka ; 

woiwanyake. 
outlying, a. I'hduksan, ; opapuq. 
outmost, a. Ihaqke. 
outnumber, vt. I'akam o'ta. 
out-of-door, a. Tankan. 
out-of-the-way, a. Makoskan. 
outpost, n. Icunomti'pi ; woonspe 

icunoqpa. 
output, n. To'nakeca icupi ; ka'- 

gapi. 
outrage, n. Ta'ku si'ca ; wosice. 
outrage, vt. Sicayakuwa; iya- 

hpaya. 
outrageous, a. Ni'na si'ca ; wohi- 

tika. 
outrageously, adv. Ni'na sicaya. 
outrank, vt. I'wankam itancai) 
outright, adv. He'ceh. 
outroom, n. Icunomtipi. 
outrun, vt. Kapeya in/yanka ; 

kapa. 



over 

outset, n. Otokahe. 

outshine, vt. Ikapeya wiyakpa; 
kape. 

outside, a. Tai)kan ; ihanke. 

outside, n. Akapatanhai) ; taq- 
kantanhaq. 

outsider, n. Tai)kan ui). 

outskirt, n. Opapui). 

outspoken, a. Taniijyan. eya ; ana- 
hbesni. 

outstanding, a. Ecenhan ; kazuzu- 
piani. 

outstrip, vt. Eapa. 

outtravel, vt. Eapeyaieimani. 

outwalk, vt. Ma'nipikapa. 

outward, adv. Tankantkiya. a. 
Tankantanhai) ; taqkantkiya ; 
haakamya. 

outwardly, adv. Akanya. 

outwear, vt. Te'han suta ; i'sanpa 
te'han suta kta. 

outweigh, vt. I'sanpa tke. 

outwit, vt. I'sanpa ksa'pa. 

oval, a. Wi'tkamibe. 

ovation, n. Yuonihanpi; yuoni- 
hanpi omniciye. 

oven, n. Owaspanye. 

over, prep. 1. Iwankam. Hold it 
over your head, pa kin iwankam 
yu'za. 2. O'pta ; akasanpa ; a-. 
Throw over, o'pta ehpeya. — 
Go over the river, akasanpa ya ; 
T. koakata ya. — Jump over, 
apsica. 3. Ihunni; icunhan. 
Take care of it over winter, wa- 
niyetu ihunni awai)yaka. — 
Stay over night, hanyetu ui). — 
Have the advantage over, iwan- 
kam wookihi yuha. — Over four 
dollars, ma'zaska to'pa iwan- 
kam. — Bun over and failed, adi- 
pi ka t©yapi- — The river ran 
over the banks, wakpa maya 
apasboka. 

over, adv. 1. O'pta ; hdakii)yai) : 
come over. 2. Ihunniyan; 
amdesya : go over the accounts. 
3. I'sanpa ; akahya. Over- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



over 



126 



zealous, aokahya mdiheoa. 4. 
Ahdapfcinyan; yuptanyan : turn 
over the board. 5. Ihunni ; he- 
nana : dinner was over. — All 
over, o'wancaya ; henana. — All 
over with the sick man ? wicadta 
wayazanka wai)na ihunni. — 
Over again, akihde. — Over 
against, iyotakons. — Over and 
above, iyaye; okitaijiijyai). — 
Over and over, akihdehde. — To 
do over, akihde ecoi). 

over, a. 1. Aokaga; ehaed ni'na 
eeonpi : over-work. 2. Akan; 
akanunpi : over coat. 

overalls, n. Oi)zeogeakanui)pi. 

overanxious, a. Ehaed ni'na awa- 
ch). 

overawe, vt. Inihanja. 

overbalance, vt. Iwankam tke. 

overbearing, a. Ksizeca ; ohiti- 
icida. 

overboard, adv. Minin; wa'ta 
etanhaq mini en. 

overcareful, a. Ehaed ni'na awan- 
yake. 

overcast, vt. Akahpa. 

overcharge, vt. O'ta kazuzuMya ; 
o'ta ohnaka. 

overcoat, n. Akanokde ; un/hohda 
akan un/pi. 

overcome, vt. Ohiya; kte'dan. 

overconfident, a. Ehaed ni'na awa- 
ein. 

overcount, vt. Iwankam yawa. 

overdo, vt. Ehaed ni'na ecoi). 

overdose, n. Ehaedotaku. 

overdraw, vt. Iwankam icu ; a'kam 
iyaye ; ozudanya ; apadboka. 

overflow, vt. Amnitan ; o'wancaya 
iyaya. Overflowed the field, 
ma'ga amnitan. — Foreigners 
overflowed the country, oyate- 
tokeca makoce o'wanca iya- 
yapi. 

overflow, vi. Apadboka; a'kam 
iyaye : tlw river overflowed. 

overgrown, a. Ehaed tan/ka. 



overhaul, vt. Yuzuzu wanyaka; 

kihdega. 
overhead, adv. Waijkan. 
overhear, vt. Nahmannahon. 
overheated, pa. Ni'na ka'ta. 
overhung, a. Akeyapi. 
overissue, n. Iwankam wi'cakupi. 
overjoyed, a. Ni'na iyuakii). 
overland, a. Makaamani ; makaa- 

diya. 
overlap, n. I'ciyakahpapi. 
overlay, vt. Akahpa; zu; ahda- 

skica. 
overload, vt. O'ta ohnaka. 
overlook, vt. 1. Wanyag han ; 

iwankam ui) : the fort overlooks 

the town. 2. Iwankam e'ton- 

wai) ; awanyaka. 3. Aktadni 

e'tonwan. ; en e'tonwedni. 
overly, adv. Iwankam ; ni'na. 
overlying, a. Iwankam yanka. 
overmatch, n. Iwankam wad'aka. 
overmodest, a. Ehaed wi'dteca. 
overnight, adv. Hanyetu icunhan ; 

hanyetu ihunni. 
overpass, vt. I'sam ya. 
overpay, vt. I'akam kazuzu. 
overpeople, vt. Ehaed oyate otina- 

ya. 
overplus, n. Iyaye. 
overpower, vt, Wowad'ake oi) ecoij- 

kiya; kte'dan. 
overproduction, n. Ehaed o'ta ica- 

overrate, vt. Wankantuyah yawa. 
overreach, vt. Iwankam iy ohiya; 

hna'yai). 
override, vt. 1. Adi : he overrode 

all obstacles. 2. Ehaed te'han 

akanyotanka : he overrode the 

horse. 
overrighteous, a. Wadte konzapi. 
overripe, a. Ni'na suton. 
overrule, vt. Iwai)kam yudtan ; 

yutokeca. 
overrun, vt. 1. Adi ; a'taya iyaye ; 

o'ta. The vine overran tiie fence, 

wi'ynwi con'kadke. adi. — The 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



overscrupulous 127 

weeds overran the farm, canhdo- 

hu makoce a'taya iyaya. 2. 

I'sam iyaya ; kapa. 
overscrupulous, a. Ehaes woope 

ohoda hca. 
oversee, vt. Awaijyaka. 
overseer, n. Waawaijyake ; awai)- 

yaka. 
overshot, a. Iwaqkam yeya. 
oversight, n. 1. Woawaijyake. 

Ife feflw the oversight of the mill. 

2. Waijyake sni. 
overskirt, n. Nitiyapehe akanuijpi. 
oversleep, vi. Te'hanistinma. 
overspread, vt. A'tayaiyaye. 
overstate, vt. Akahoyaka. 
overstay, vt. Te'hanyanka. 
overstep, v*. I'samcaehde. 
overstock, vt. Ehaes ota ahipi. 
overstrain, vi. 6'agya. 
oversure, a. Ehae& wicakeicida. 
overt, a. Taqiijyai) ui). 
overtake, vt. Kihdega ; e'hdega. 
overtax, vt. Ehaes tkeya kirjki- 

yapi. 
overthrow, vt. 1. Yuptai) ehpeya ; 

kaptaijyai) : overthrew the table. 

2. Kazuzu ; ihaqgya. 
overthrow, n. Woihaijgye. 
overtop, vt. Ikapeya waqkantuya. 
overture, n. 1. Wowiyukcai). 2. 

Otokahe dowaijpi. 
overturn, vt. Yuptaqyai) ; kawai)- 

ka. 
overweight, n. Iwankam tke. 
overwhelm, vt. Akahpa ; iyahda- 

skica. 



pack 



overwhelming, a. Taij'ka ; wo- 
suijgye. 

overwork, vt. Ni'na tkeya ecoi)- 
kiya ; yus'aka. 

overwork, vi. S'agiciya. 

overwork, n. A'kam htanipi. 

owe, vt. 1. Ikicazo ; icazo. I owe, 
iwakazo. — I owe him, iwecazo. 
— You owe, iyakazo. — You owe 
him, iyeoazo. — He owes, icazo. 
— He owes him, ikicazo. 2. 
Etanhai) yuha ; okihiya : he 
owed it to his father. 3. Ku iye- 
ceca ; icazo. 

owing, pa. 1. Icazo ; ikicazo. 2. 
(with to) Oq etanhaq ; oi) etaij- 
hai) he'ceca. Owing to his sick- 
ness, wayazanka on. etaqhai). 

owl, n. Hinhankaga ; hiijyankaga. 

own, vt. 1. Yuha ; ta'waya ; ta'- 
wa. Who owns that house, ti'pi 
he tu'we ta'wa. — I own it, 
mi'ye mduha. 2. He'cetu eya ; 
ohdaka. 

own, a. Ta'wa. My own, mi'ye 
mitawa. — Your own, ni'ye ni- 
tawa. — To hold one's own, he'ce- 
hnana ui). 

owner, n. Ta'waya. 

ownerless, a. Tuwena ta'wa sni. 

ownership, n. Ta'wayapi. 

ox, n. (pi. oxen.) Tatanka; ta- 
tai)ka wosdohai). 

oxbow, n. Wanapii) oyuksai). 

oxgoad, n. Tataqgicape. 

oxhide, n. Tataqkaha. 

oyster, n. Tukihasai). 



pace, n. Oaehdepi. vi. Caehde; 

ma'ni ; nas'os'o ma'ni. 
pacer, n. Suqgonas'o ; nas'os'o. 
pacific, a. Amdakedaq ; wahba- 

dai) ; wawiciya. 
pacification, n. Wicayuwahbapi ; 

wicayuwastepi. 



pacify, vt. Yuwahba ; yuwaste. 

pack, vt 1. Koka ohnaka ; pahta ; 
he'ynq : pack your goods. 2. 
Nahmaq ohnaka ; nahmai) ku- 
wa : pack a jury. 3. Ozuya ; 
otiijs ka'ga : pack a joint of 
the pipe. n. Wapahtapi; wo- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



package 128 

heyun ; wopaMa ; optaye ; 

woyuftqza. 
package, n. Wopahte; opahte; 

oheyui) ; wapantapi. 
packer, n. Wapanta ; wapata. 
packet, n. 1. Wapantapidaq : a 

packet of letters. 2. Pe'tawata 

wowapitoksu. 
pack-horse, n. Sunktaijka wakin- 

kiyapi. 
pack-house, n. Ti'piwakihnakapi; 

tado okicaijye. 
packing, n. Waohnakapi; pao- 

tiijs hna'kapi. 
pack-saddle, n. Suijgakii) on wa- 

kinMyapi. 
pad, n. 1. Miunpi : put a pad 

under the collar. 2. Wowapi- 

ska apaftnzapi. 3. Wamanon. 

omani. 
padding, n. Iyopundi. 
paddle, n. Wamnaheca ; Y. iwa- 

topekiya; wadihupa. vi. Wa- 

topa; Y. ko'za. vt. Iyopteya; 

wamnaheca kicun. 
paddler, n. Watopa. 
Paddy, n. Irish ia&ica. 
padlock, n. Tiyominatake psunka. 
pagan, n. Wakagapi ohoda; ikce- 

wicaSta. 
paganism, n. Wakagapi ohodapi. 
page, n. 1. Yumdapi; wowapi 

oyumda : the second page. 2. 

Hoksidanwowasi. vt. Yumda- 
pi ka'ga. 
pageant, n. Wowanyake ; wapa- 

zopi. 
pageantry, n. Waihdataijpi. 
pagoda, n. Wakagapi ti'pitanka. 
pall, n. Ce'ga ; kokadan ; mini- 
yaya : that pail leaks. — A small 

pail, cegastinna. — A wooden 

pail, kokatodai). 
pailful, n. Ce'ga ohnaka; ce'ga 

ozudan. 
pain, n. Woyazan ; yazanpi ; wa- 

kakisyapi ; woteni : a pain in 

the head. — Take pains, awacin- 



palm 

nea econ. — Under pain of \ ko 

kipe. — With pains, kaki&ya ; 

awacinya. vt. Yazanya ; ksu'- 

weya ; kaJrisya. 
palnfnl, a. 1. Iyazan ; yazan : his 

foot is painful. 2. Tehike : a 

painful task. 
painfully, adv. Icaki&va ; tehiya. 
painfulness, n. Woyazan ; woteM. 
painless, a. Yazansnt. 
painstaker, n. Tan/yan econwaciq. 
paint, n. Wi'sanye ; wi'uijpi. vt. 

1. Owa ; iui) ; sanyan : paint 

the house. 2. Wi'unpi on iteo- 

wa; wowa. 3. Oyaka; wan- 

vakapi se'ca oyaka. 
painter, n. Ti'pisaijyai) ; iteowapi 

ka'ga. 
painting, n. 1. Sanyaijpi ; iunpi : 

the house needs painting. 2. 

Iteowapi : a painting hung on 

the wall. 
pair, n. Noi)'paakica6ka ; tawan- 

zi : he gave me a pair. vi. Ki- 

cica ; nom'nom ya'pi. vt. Ki'- 

cicaya ; Mci iyayeya. 
palace, n. Ti'piitancaij; ti'pitanka. 
palatable, a. Oyunwa&te. 
palate, n. Caka ; u'tapi. 
palatial, a. Ti'pitanka ; wafctehca. 
palaver, n. Owohdake. vi. Wo- 

hdaka ; iayanka. 
pale, a. 1. Ska ; sai) ; ecece&ni. — 

Pale blue, to'san ; manpiyato. 

— His face turned pale, ite ece- 
ce&ni. 2. Iwastedai) : pale red. 
paleness, n. Woecece&ni. 
paling, n. Oanmdaska sbu'naj 

conkaske pe'sto. 
palisade, n. Con/kaSke. 
pall, vi. Wad'akesni. 
pall- bearer, n. Wicahnakapi aki- 

yuhapi. 
pallet, n. OwinzaSicedai). 
palliate, vt. Ikiya ; to'kecasni 

keya. 
pallid, a. Ececa&ni; sai). 
palm, n. 1. Napcoka ; napemda- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



palmetto 129 

ska. 2. Canwapaicadu ; can- 

wapaicadu caij. vt. Hna'yai) 

ku. 
palmetto, ft. Canwapaicadu. 
palpable, a. Tanton. ; taginvai) 

iii). 
palpably, adv. Taijiqyai). 
palpitate, vi. Apapa ; iyapa. 
palpitation, w. Iyapapi. 
palsy, ft. Tancai) t&t&ke* 
paltry, a. Ta'kusni; ci'stinna; 

wantesni. 
pamper, vt. Woku ; iyowinya. 
pamphlet, ft. Wowapi ozuhasoka 

waninya. 
pan, w. Censka waksica. — Hard- 
pan, maka keza. 
panacea, w. Pezuta woyazai) owa- 

sii) okihi. 
pancake, w. Aguyapiokastaijspai)- 

yaijpi. 
pander, vi. Ta'ku iyecetusni iyo- 

wiijyai). 
pane, ft. O'zaqzaijhdepi ; omdaye. 
panegyric, n. Wayaonihaijpi. 
panful, n. Waksica ohnaka. 
pang, ft. Woyazaqicapapiseca. 
panic, ft. Iksuyapi. 
panic-stricken, a. Iksuyapi. 
panoply, w. Ozuye oihduze. 
panorama, n. Wowanyake yuho- 

mni ayapi. 
pansy, ft. Wancato. 
pant, vi. 1. Temni ; onankoya 

niya ; niyasnita nunse : Iww 

the baby pants. 2. Ni'na cin : 

pant for glory. 
pantalet, n. Oijzeogedai) ; hunska. 
pantaloon, n. Onzeoge. 
pantheism, n. Ta'ku sintomni wa- 

kai)dapi. 
panther, n. Inmutanka ; Y. ikmun- 

tai)ka; T. igmui)tai)ka. 
pantomime, ft. Wowaijyake iesni 

oyakapi ; iesni woyakapi. 
pantry, w. Waspankakihnagtipi. 
pants, ft. Oqzeoge. 
pap, w. Azeinkpa ; woyute. 



parch 

papa, ft. Ate ; atkuku. 

papacy, n. Sinasapa woitaijcai). 

papal, a. Sinasapa ateyapi ta'wa. 

paper, n. 1. Wowapiska ; minihu- 
haska : two sheets of paper. 2. 
Wowapi : he signed the paper. 
3. Wotai)ii) wowapi : the morn- 
ing paper. — Paper money, mi- 
nihuha m a ' z a ska . — Waste 
paper, wowapi ehpeyapi. vt. 
Wowapi tiaskamya : paper the 
room. 

papist, ft. dinasapa ; okdesapa. 

papoose, ft. Hoksiyopa. 

par, n. A'kidecece. 

parable, n. Wi'yacinpi. 

parabolically, adv. Wi'yaciijyai). 

parade, n. Ikpazo omanipi. vt. 
Ikpazo omani ; itutu omaDi 

paradise, w. 1. Wowiyuskin ma- 
koce : what a paradise you live 
in. 2. E'den canwozupi. 3. 
Manpiya. 

paradox, n. Wohnaye se'ca tka 
wicake. 

paragon, n. Woiyotan. 

paragraph, n. Iapi oonazin; optapi. 

parallel, a. 1. I'akicitehan ; a'ki- 
yehan wanka : a parallel river. 
2. A'kidececa ; iyececa : a par- 
allel story. 

parallelism, n. Ta'ku iyececa. 

paralysis, n. Tan can tatapike. 

paralyze, vt. Kiksuyesniya. 

paramount, a. Iyotan ; iwankam 

UI). 

paramour, n. Nanman waStekici- 
dapi ; nanmai) kiciyuzapi. 

parapet, ft. Akicita makakapi. 

paraphrase, n. Akta tan/yai) oya- 
kapi. 

parasite, w. Waas'ii) ; ta'ku tokanj 
ta'wapi on ni. 

parasitic, a. Wakipi on ni. 

parasol, n. O'hanzihdepi ci'stinna.. 

parboil, vt. Ipihya. 

parcel, n. Wapahtapi ; oijge. 

parch, vt. 1. Papahya : parch corn. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



parchment 130 

2. Spanye; atasagye: the ground 

is parched. 
parchment, n. Tahasaka. 
pardon, vt Ki'cicazuzu ; kiyuska. 

n. Wokazuiu ; woyuska. 
pardonable, a. Kazuzupica. 
pardoning , a. Ki'cicazuzupi. 
pare, vt Basku; bahdaya; ha 

ehpeya : pare an apple. 
paregoric, w. Kazopi anapte. 
parent, w. Hunkake ; etanhan ica- 

&e. His parents are dead. 
parentage, w. Wicahunkake. 
parental, a. Hunkake ta'wa. 
parenthesis, n. Natakapi. 
parhelion, n. Wi acetipi. 
paring, n. Ha ; ha baskupi. 
parish, n. Woawanyake ; wica- 

stawakai) to'awanyake ; okcda- 

kiciye. 
parishioner, n. Okodakiciye o'pa. 
parity, n. Woakidececa. 
park, ft. Canwozupi; woskate 

makoce. 
parlance, ft. Iapi. 
parley, vi. Wohdaka. 
parliament, ft. Sagda&n omniciye 

tan'ka. 
parliamentary, a. Omniciye woe- 

COI). 

parlor, ft. Tioyanke waste. 

parochial, n. Okodakiciye. 

parody, w. Wayutokecapi. 

paroxysm, ft. Kan'natipapi ; to'- 
kecapi. 

parricide, ft. Hunkake kte. 

parrot, ft. Zitkadania. 

parry, vt Eakam iyeya. 

parse, vt O'kihtf oyaka. 

parsimonious, a. Watehinda. 

parsimony, ft. Watehiijdapi. 

parsnip, n. Pai)gizizi. 

parson, ft. Wica&tawakai). 

parsonage, n. Wicastawakanoti. 

part, ft. 1. OijSpa ; okise : a part 
of the field. 2. Onge : a part 
of the flour. 3. O'kihe : the 
different parts of the body. 4. 



particular 



Wawokihi ; woksape : a man 
of parts. 5. Oyanke ; makoce : 
there never was a school in these 
parts. 6. Wopamni ; wobaspe : 
my part of the goods. 7. (Mus.) 
Wicaho : what part do you sing. 
8. (Gram.) Wocaze : the verb 
is the most difficult part of 
speech. — For my part, miyeke. 
— For the most party ecee. 
— In good part, canwasteya. — 
Take part in, on Spa ecoi). — 
Tour part, onspa nitawa. vt 
Kinukan iyeya ; yukinukai) ; 
yuksa ; pamni : they parted the 
children, vi. Tokai) iyaye : he 
parted from hts wife. — To part 
with, kpagai). 

partake, vi. 1. Onge icu; etanhan 
icu : partook of the wine. 2. 
Onspa iyececa : He partakes of 
the nature of God and man. 

partaker, ft. Kicica; kodaya; o'pa: 
partaker in the punishment. 

parted, a. &pahan ; kinukai) un'jfi. 

partial, a. 1. Iyokise ; onspa : a 
partial good. 2. Sanina o'kiya ; 
iyotanda : Jacob was partial to 
Joseph. 

partiality, n. Sanina o'kiyapi ; i'a- 
kidecen econpi sni. 

partially, adv. OMseya : partially 
true. 

participant, ft. O'pa. 

participate, vi. O'pa. 

participation, ft. O'papi. 

participle, n. ( Gram. ) Aehnake wa- 
woyake. 

particle, n. 1. On Spa ci'stinna ; 
ta'ku ci'stinna ; sukaza. 2. 
(Gram.) Wicoiedan. 

particular, a. 1. I'atayedai) ; ka'pi 
e'ehca ; wanzidai) : on a partic- 
ular day. 2. Okitanii) ; oyag- 
pica : no particular news. 3. 
Kezeca ; iyokipiyapi tehike. 
She is particular about her food. 
ft. O'kihe ; adetka ; wokpanka ; 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



particularize 131 passionate 

passed counterfeit money. 10. 
O'pekiya ; ye kta iyowinyan : 
he passed him mi the train. 
n. 1. Ohna ya'pi; ocanku; oko 
ohna ocarjku : a mountain pass. 

2. On kazuzusni omanipi : a 
pass on the railroad. 3. Oape ; 
wacape : he made a pass to 
knock me down. 4. Woakipe; 
wicohan : to what a pass have 
we come. — Bring to pass, ece- 
tuya. — Come to pass, iyecetu; 
kaketu. 

passable, a. 1. Iyoopta yepica; 
ohna yepica : the bridge is not 
passable. 2. Icupi kta iyececa ; 
yu'zapi : the money is passable. 

3. Ki'tanna waste ; ahececa : 
the bread is passable. 

passably, adv. Tan'yanken; ahe- 
cenya. 

passage, n. 1. Ohiyaye ; ohna iy- 
aye ; hiyaye : the passage of a 
ship through tlie canal. 2. Ye- 
kta on ; ohnakapi : he took pas- 
sage on a steamboat. 3. Ocan- 
ku ; ocankuyapi ; ohna timahen 
ya'pi : don 1 1 stand in the passage. 

4. Iapi ; oeye ; oehde : a pas- 
sage in the Bible. 5. Iyoopta 
iyaye ; yustanpi : the passage 
of the law. 6. Iheyapi : a pas- 
sage of the bowels. 

passenger, n. En o'pa ; i'cimani ; 
wicasta o'papi. 

passenger-car, n. flemani wica- 
sta toksu. 

passer-by, n. Tu'we hiyaye ; i'ci- 
mani. 

passing, adv. Ikapeya ; wakapeya. 

passion, n. 1. Wocanteptanye ; 
wocanniye; wosinhda: he left 
in a great passion. 2. Canti- 
heyapi ; wocantiheya : a pas- 
sion for war. 3. Wokakize : 
the passion of Christ. 

passionate, a. 1. Wacinko; cante- 
ptanyes'a : a passionate boy. 



ta'kusnisni : give all the partic- 
ulars. 

particularize, vi. Tan'yai) oyaka. 

particularly, adv. Iohdamnayai) ; 
tan'yehca. 

parting, n. YuMnukanpi ; o- 
ksahe. 

partisan, n. Ta'wa e'eedan o'kiya. 
a. Sanina. 

partition, n. Ti'pi cokaya nataka- 
pi; o'zanpi: kiyuspapi. 

partly, adv. Okiseya. 

partner, n. Kicica ; o'pa. 

partnership, n. O'kiciyapi; oko- 
dakiciyepi. 

partook, imp. of partake. 

partridge, n. Zi'ca. 

parturition, n. Cincatonpi. 

party, n. 1. Ospaye : the Democrat 
party. 2. Kicicopi : a teaparty. 
3. Optaye; wicasta onge : a 
party of hunters. 4. Waijzi ee; 
kicica : he was a party to the 
murder. 5. Tu'we ; wicasta : 
the party accused. 

paschal, a. Woacaksin. 

pasha, n. Turk oyate itancai). 

pass, vi. 1. Hiyaya ; iyaya : tico 
men passed. 2. Yu'zapi; icupi : 
the money would notpass. 3. Iye- 
oen wacinWyuzapi : he passed 
for a wise man. 4. Kihda; hi- 
huni; ihanke : the day passed. 
— His anger passed away, wo- 
canniye apaspa. — Let it pass, 
he'eehnanakte. vt. 1. I'sam 
iyaye ; i'sam hiyu : he passed 
the bridge. 2. Ihunikiya; yu- 
stai) : he passed his life in ease. 
3. Aktasni iyaya : he passed 
me by. 4. Kapa iyaya : his 
horse passed all the others. 5. 
He cetudapi ; yustanpi : the bill 
passed both houses. 6. Iyayeya : 
pass the books along. 7. I'ci- 
yaza oyaka : pass the word 
along. 8. Yeya ; hiyuya : pass 
the bread. 9. Wicafcu : he 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



passionately 

2. Wacantahde : a passionate 

lover. 
passionately, adv. Wohitiya; ni'- 

na. 
passive, a. Atai)se un ; waecon- 

kiyapi e'cedan skai). 
passover, n. Woacaksin. 
passport, n. Oyatetokeca ekta oi- 

cimani wowapi. 
past, i>a. He'kta ; ehanna : the 

past year. prep. Sai)'pa; i'san- 

pa : /mZ/ past one. adv. Ica- 

hda ; iyoopta : he ran past. 
paste, n. Con'peska ; wozapi ; co- 

coyapi ; wi'puspe : mix the 

paste, vt A'skamya : paste this 

in your book. 
pasteboard, n. Mininuhasoka. 
pastern, n. Suij'kawakan iskahu. 
pastime, n. Wowimagaga. 
pastor, n. Waawanyake ; wicasta- 

wakai) ; wonwicaye. 
pastoral, a. Waawaijyake 
pastorate, n. Woawanyake. 
pastorless, a. Waawaqyake co'- 

dai). 
pastry, n. Aguyapi zizipedai). 
pasturable, a. Owihanyewa&te. 
pasturage, n. Owihanye ; wi'han- 

wicakiyapi : good pasturage. 
pasture, n. Wato ; owihanye : a 

large pasture, vt. Wi'hanwica- 

kiya : pasture the sheep on the 

hills, vi. Wi'nan. 
pat, adv. Coyena; yupiya. n. 

Oape : he gave him a pat on the 

shoulder, vt. Apapa : pat him 

on the cheek. n. Irish wi- 

casta. 
patch, vt. Okipata ; akihdagtoi) : 

patch a quilt; patch his pants. 
patchwork, n. Mininuha okipa- 

tapi. 
pate, n. Pa ; pesdete. 
patent, a. 1. Taninyai) un : patent 

to all eyes. 2. Okage anicapi ; 

wakan : patent medicine, n. 

Waanicapi wowapi. He has a 



132 



pauperism 



patent on tlw churn, vt. Waa- 
nicapi wowapi icu. 
patent-office, n. Okage anicapi 

ti'pi. 
paternal, a. Atkuku. 
paternity, n. Wicaatkuku. 
paternoster, n. Itanoan tawoce- 

kiye. 
path, n. Canku ; canku ci'stinna. 
pathetic, a. Iyokisicapi; aeeye- 

wicayapi se'ca : a pathetic 

story. 
pathless, a. Cankuwanica. 
pathos, n. Woiyokisica; waawa- 

cinwicayapi. 
pathway, n. Makaamani canku. 
patience, n. Wowacintanka. 
patient, a. Wacintanka : a patient 

boy. n. Tu'we pezuta ku'pi ; 

wayazanka : his patient is get- 
ting better. 
patiently, adv. Wacintankaya. 
patness, n. Woecetu. 
patriarch, n. Hunkakeyapi ; atey- 

api : the patriarch Noah. 
patrician, n. Wicasta itancanj 

tu'we okinihai). 
patricide, n. Atkuku kte. 
patrimony, n. Woyuha atkuku 

etanhan yuha ; okodakiciye ta- 

womnaye ; ainpekiyapi. 
patriot, n. Tamakoce wastedaka. 
patriotism, n. Tamakoce tenin- 

dapi. 
patrol, vi. Iyaza omani. n. Oma- 

nipi, 
patron, n. Awanyake ; kicica. 
patronage, n. Waokiyapi; was'a- 

gyapi. 
patronize, vt. O'kiya ; kici skan. 
patter, vi. Sbu'sbu ; apapa. 
pattern, n. Iyecen ka'gapi kta; 

okage. vt. Iyecen ka'ga. 
paucity, n. To'nana; wokitan. 
paunch, n. Nige. 
pauper, n. Wahpanica; on'ci- 

kpani. 
pauperism, n. On'cikpanipi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



pauperization 

pauperization, n. On/cikpaniwica- 

yapi. 
pauperize, vt. On/cikpaniya. 
pause, vi. Inazii) ; ataqse yaijka ; 

ci'stiyedan, ayustan. n. Oena- 

zii) ; enakiyapi : a pause in tJie 

work. 2. Oehnakedaq : notice 

the pauses in reading. 
pave, vt. 1. Caqku akahpa ; cai)- 

ku ksu : the streets are paved 

with rock. 2. Caqku ki'caga; 

oqspekiya : he paved the way 

for them. 
pavement, n. Caijku azupi. 
pavilion, n. Awakeyapi ; o'hanzi- 

hdepi. 
paw, n. Nape ; wamanica nape ; 

sake. vt. Natica ; nahdata. 
pawn, vt. Woyuha kaska; icazo 

kta on woyuha kaska. John 

pawned his watch for one dollar. 
Pawnee, n. Sci'li ; Itokah Padani. 
pay, vt. Kazuzu; Ini; ki'cicazu- 

zu : always pay at once for what 

you get. n. Wokazuzu; iyu- 

win ; Y. wisi. 
pay-day, n. Wakazuzupi aijpetu. 
pay-master, n. Wicakicicazuzu. 
payment, n. 1. Wicakicicazuzupi: 

the payment is next week. 2. 

Wokazuzu : a large payment. 
pay-roll, n. Wicakicicazuzupi kta 

owicawapi. 
pea, n. Omnica hmiyanyan. 
peace, n. Wookiye. 
peaceable, a. Wanbadan ; kicizapi 

awacii) sni. 
peaceably, adv. Wa'hbayedai) ; 

cantewasteya ; wawokiya. 
peaceful, a. Wokicize wauica; 

wookiye. 
peacefully, adv. Kiswacinsni. 
peacefuluess,n. Wowahbana; woo- 
kiye. 
peacemaker, n. Wookiye ka'ga. 
peach, n. Kan/tahiijsma. 
peacock, n. Zizicasintewaste. 
peafowl, n. Zizicasintewaste. 



133 



peel 



peak, n. Paha ; pazodai) ; ipa. 
peaked, a. Pe'sto ; pazo. 
peal, n. Bu ; sna ; hdahdaopamna. 
peanut, n. Yahugapihawankadai). 
pear, n. Taspaijhdandaseca. 
pearl, n. In/yaqtehika ; ta'ku te- 

hika. 
pearly, a. In'yaijtehika azupi; 

ta'ku ni'na waste. 
peart, a. Mdiheca. 
peasant, n. Wozuwicasta. 
peasantry, n. Makoskantipi. 
peat, n. Hutkaq aoi)pi. 
pebble, n. Isbu ; iij'yaijcistiijna. 
pecan, n. Yahugapihanska. 
peck, n. 1. Kokatodan oiyute : / 

want a peck of potatoes. 2. Ca- 

papi ; pasuoncapapi. vt. Capa ; 

pasu on capa ; pahdoka ; kuwa : 

the chick pecked it. — Peck away, 

kuwa yanka. 
pectoral, n. Cuwiyazaijpipezuta. 
peculate, vi. Wamauon. 
peculiar, a. 1. To'keca; ohai]to- 

keca : he is a peculiar man. 

2. Fye i'yatayedai). 
peculiarity, n. Ohai)tokecapi. 
pecuniary, a. Ma'zaska : a pecu- 
niary loss, ma'zaska ki'citaku- 

*risni. 
pedagogic, n. Waonspewicakiyapi 

wooijspe. 
pedagogue, n. Waoijspekiya. 
pedal, n. Siinatai) ; caijdowaijki- 

yapi siinatai). 
pedantic, a. Waoijspekiyaohai)- 

han. 
peddle, vt. Tiiyaza wopeton. 
peddler, n. Tu'we wopeton omani. 
pedestal, n. Hu'te. 
pedestrian, n. Makaamani un ; 

huwakis'ake. 
pedigree, n. Ehaijnatanhai) huij- 

kake oyag aupi. 
pedobaptism, n. Hoksiyopa ko 

mniakastaijpi he'cetudapi. 
peek, vi. Ohdatetanhai) waijyaka. 
peel, vt. Kahu; yahu; basku; 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



peeling 

sdaya elipeya. — Peel bark f caij- 

ha kahu. — Peel potatoes, mdo 

baskusku. n. Ha. 
peeling, n. Ha : potato peelings. 
peep, vi. 1. Hotoi) ; zitka ciijca 

hotor) : ffo chicks peeped in the 

shell. 2. Aokasii); kasinyai) 

hinanpa : peeped over the hill. 

n. 1. Zitka cii)ca hotonpi. 2. 

Aokasirjpi : Can I get a peep. 

3. Tokahinanpa : peep of day. 
peer, n. Iyecen okibi ; kicica ; 

woitai)cai) o'pa. vi. En e'ton- 

wai). 
peerless, a. Iyotan ; kapepicasni. 
peevish, a. Ce'yes'a ; waciijko. 
peevishness, n. Wawiyokipipisni. 
peg, n\ Can'iyokatanna ; wi'huti- 

paspe. vt. Okatan : peg the 

shoe. 
Pegassus, n. Sun/kawakankin- 

yan. 
pelican, n. Mde'ga. 
pellet, n. Ta'ku 8u se'kse ; pezu- 

tahmiyanyai). 
pell-mell, adv. Omdecahai) ; to'ken 

cin'cin. 
pelucid, a. Kohdi. 
pelt, w. Ha ; wawaha : a trader 

with his pelts, vt. Apa ; kii)ii) ; 

peW Aim ict *ft ca<7«. 
peltry, w. Wawaha. 
pelvis, n. Co'wohe ; nite. 
pemmican, n. Wakapanpi. 
pen, n. 1. Wowapi icage ; wi'yo- 

wa ; wi'eazo ; minisapa icage : 

dip your pen in the ink. 2. Ti'- 

pidai) ; con'kaske : the pig is in 

his pen. vt. 1. Ka'ga ; wowapi 

ka'ga : i" trill pen you a fmo 

words. 2. Mahen iyeya; na- 

taka. 
penal, a. Woiyopeye ikoyake. 
penalty, n. Woiyopeye ; iyopeya- 

pi ; wokazuzu. 
penance, n. Kakisiciyapi. 
pencase, n. Wi'eazo ozuha. 
pence, n. pi. of penny. 



134 



pension 



pencil, n. Can'wiyowa ; hin'wiyo- 

wa. vt. Owa; iuij. 
pencilled, pa. Owapi ; iunpi. 
pendant, n. Ta'ku otke hai) ; wi'- 

yokihedai) han'ska ; oin. 
pending, pa. Kuwapi; yustanpi 

sni : apeunpi. 
Pend-Orellle, n. Po'gehdoka. 
pendulous, a. Otke ; ozezewanka. 
pendulum, n. Wi'hiyayedai) ma- 

zahotedan ; ma'zakaozeze. 
penetrable, a. Kahdogpica; ka- 

htanpica. 
penetrate, vt. 1. Eandoka ; pa- 

hdoka ; mahen ya ; kahtai) : the 

spear penetrated the fish 1 s head. 

2. Tawacin on kahdoka : too 

deep for his mind to penetrate. 
penetrating, a. Wakahdoka; wa- 

kahtaka. 
pen-holder, n. Ma'zaicage ihnpa. 
peninsula, n. Izo ; ipa ; makahu- 

tiyahde. 
penis, n. Deze. 
penitence, n. Iyopeiciyapi. 
penitent, a. Iyopeiciya ; iyokisica. 

n. Tu'we iyopeiciya. 
penitential, a. Iyopeiciyapi. 
penitentiary, n. Wokasketipi. 
penitently, adv. Cantesinya ; iyo- 
peiciya. 
penknife, n. Isanyuksizapidan ; Y. 

miyuksizapina. 
penman, n. Wowapikaga. 
penmanship, n. Owapi ; napeon- 

kagapi. 
pennant, n. Wi'yokihedaij han'ska. 
penniless, a. Ma'zaska ni'ca ; wa- 

hpanica. 
penny, n. Sagdasin ma'zasadan ; 

ma'zasadan. 
pennywise, a. Wateninda; ta'ku 

ci'stinna tefrinda. 
pennyworth, n. Ma'zasadan iyawa ; 

wokitar). 
penrack, n. Wi'eazo ahnakapi. 
pension, n. Akicita enakiya Tun- 

kansina o'wicakiya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



pensioner 135 

pensioner, n. Tuqkaqsina o'kiya. 

pensive, a. Wacaqtahde uij ; awa- 
cii) ui) ; iyokisica. 

pensively, adv. Icaijtesinya. 

pensiveness, n. Wocaijtesica. 

pent, a. Natakapi ; natagai). 

pentagon, n. Za'ptaq oisetoi). 

Pentateuch, n. Moses tawowapi 
za'ptai). 

Pentacost, n. Aijpetuiwikcemna- 
zaptai). 

Pentecostal, a. Wicayunicapi. 

penurious, a. Watehiijda ; ma'za- 
sadaqiyotaqda. 

penuriously, adv. Wateniqdaya. 

penuriousness, n. Wateniqdapi. 

penury, n. Ma'zasadaij icakizapi ; 
wowahpanica. 

peony, n. Wancataqka. 

people, n. Wicasta ; oyate : there 
are a great many good people in 
town. vt Otiwicaya; wicasta 
en uqwicakiya. 

pepper, n. Sucikcikana seca; Y. 
yamnumnugapi su. 

peppermint, n. Tatedaqseca. 

per, prep. 1. On ; eciyataqhaq : 
per bearer. 2. Iyohi : per an- 
num. 

peradventure, adv. O'kini. — With- 
out peradventure f yusnasni. 

perambulate, vt. O'pta omani. 

perceivable, a. Okahnipica ; waq- 
yagpica. 

perceive, vt. Sdonya; waqyaka; 
iyukcan. 

percentage, n. Opawiqge to'ken 
iyawapi. 

perceptibility, n. Wasdonyepica. 

perceptible, a. Sdonyepica ; tan in. 

perceptibly, adv. Taqiqyaq. 

perception, n. Wowiyukcaq. 

perceptive, a. Oq wasdonya. 

perch, n. 1. (A fish.) Ho'zizi ; wa- 
kadaqhiyuzapi. 2. Can; caq- 
haqska ; sihaiyutapi 16J. 3. Zi- 
tkanaowaqka. vt Akan iya- 
hai) ; inaziq. 



periodic 

perchance, adv. O'kini ; naceca. 
percussion, n, I'ciyapapi. 
perdition, n. Wicotakunisni. 
peregrinate, vi. Makoee to'keca 

ekta omani. 
peremptorily, adv. A'wicakeya ; 

he'cetuwaqzica. 
peremptory, a. Ayuptepieasni ; 

ke'za, 
perennial, a. Waniyetu ihuqni ; 

te'han ; o'hiqni : perennial foun- 
tain, n. Wato waniyetu te sni. 
perennially, adv. O'hiqniyaq. 
perfect, a. A'taya waste ; yustaq- 

pi ; ecetu ; owotanna. vt Yu- 

staq. 
perfectible, a. A'taya yuwaste- 

pica. 
perfection, n. A'taya waste ; wo- 

waste a'taya ; a'taya yustaqpi. 
perfectly, adv. A'taya ; a'tayedan ; 

ocowasiq ; ta'kudaq yusnasni. 
perfectness, n. Woowotaqna. 
perfidious, a. Wicakesni; wica- 

hnayai). 
perfidy, n. Wohnaye. 
perforate, vt. Yundoka; pahdoka. 
perform, vt. Ecoi) ; yustaq. 
performable, a. Ecoqpica. 
performance, n. Woecoq ; ecoqpi; 

yustaqpi. 
performer, n. Waecoi) ; ta'kuecoq- 

pi o'pa. 
perfume, n. Ta'ku wastemna. vt. 

Wastemnaya. 
perfunctory, a. Awaciqsni. 
perhaps, adv. Naceca ; o'kini. 
perl, prefix. Ohomni. 
pericardium, n. Caqtoge. 
peril, n. Wokokipe. vt Otohnaka. 
perilous, a. Okokipe ; wokokipe. 
perilously, adv. Okokipeya. 
perilousness, n. Wokokipe. 
perimeter, n. A ohomni. 
period, n. 1. Anpetu ; waniyetu : 

along period. 2. (Gram.) Oe- 

hnake taq'ka ; woeye. 
periodic, a. Ake iyehantu. 



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periodical 136 

periodical, a. 1. Ake iyehantu eca : 
periodical storms. 2. Wotanii) 
wowapi : periodical literature, 
n. Wotaqiq wowapi. 

periodically, adv. Iyehaijhaijyan. 

perish, vi. Atakunisni ; \h,. 

perishable, a. Wan'kadan. ; ataku- 
nisni was'akadai). 

perjure, vt. Ta'kuwakan, icazeyan 
eciijsniyai) oyaka. 

perjury, n. Ta'ku "Wakan hna'- 

permanence, n. He'cetuwanzica 
un'pi. 

permanent, a. He'cetuwanzica; 
yutokecapicasni. 

permanently, adv. He'cetuwanzi- 
ca ; sutaya. To settle per- 
manently, eca i'yotanka. 

permeable, a. Mahen yepioa ; ka- 
Maijpica. 

permeate, vt. Mahen ya ; kantai). 

permissible, a. Iyowinyepica ; he'- 
cetu. 

permission, n. Woiyowiijkiye; iyo- 
wiijkiyapi. 

permit, vt. Iyowiijkiya. n. Woi- 
yowinkiye ; iyowiijkiyapi wo- 
wapi ; omanipi wowapi. 

pernicious, a. Waihangye j wayu- 
sica. 

perniciously, adv. Wayusinya. 

peroration, n. Ehake eyapi. 

perpendicular, a. Bosdata : a per- 
pendicular line. n. Obosdata. 

perpetrate, vt. Econ ; sicaya ecoi). 

perpetration, n. Woecoi). 

perpetual, a. O'hiqniyan. un ; owi- 
hai)ke wanica. 

perpetually, adv. O'hiijniyai). 

perpetuate, vt. Sam iyayeya; 
niyai). 

perpetuated, pa. Niyaijpi. 

perpetuity, n. Wosuta; owihan- 
kesni. 

perplex, vt. Yuskiaka ; nagiyeya ; 
wacinhnuniya. 

perplexedly, adv. Wacinhnuniyan. 



perspicuity 



perplexity, n. Woskiske; wacin- 
hnunipi ; to'ketutai)ii)Sni. 

perquisite, n. Sinte ; i'akam ta'ku 
yuhapi. 

persecute, vt. Sicaya kuwa ; woce- 
kiye on sicaya kuwa. 

persecution, n. Sicayawicakuwa- 

persecutor, n. Sicaya wicakuwa. 
perseverance, n. Wakitanpi; wo- 

wacintaqka. 
persevere, vi. Kitai) ; ayustanwa- 

cinani. 
persevering , pa. Wakitai) : a per- 

severing boy. 
perseverinf ly, adv. Kitaijyai). 
Persian, n. Persia wicasta. 
persimmon, n. Kan/ta pa'za. 
persist, vi. Kitai) ; ayustansni 

kuwa. 
persistence, n. Wowacintai)ka ; 

wakitanpi. 
persistency, n. Wakitanpi. 
persistent, a. Wakitai) ; wohitika : 

a persistent beggar. 
persistently, adv. Kitaijyan ; wo- 

hitiya. 
persisting , pa. Wakitaijs'a. 
person, n. 1. Wicasta ; wicanagi : 

how many persons came. 2. Tu'- 

we : tancan : what a nice person. 

3. Oun ; oihdawa : three persons 

in one Godhead. 4. Kon/za ; 

keiciya : he came in the person 

of a robber. 5. (Gram.) TV we 

ka'pi. 
personage, n. Tu'we kii) : a re- 
nowned personage. 
personal, n. I'ye i'yatayedai) ; i'ye 

i'yateyedai) ka'pi : personal 

property. 
personally, adv. I'ye i'yatayedai). 
personate, vt. I'ciya ; keiciya ; 

kon'za • personate a doctor. 
personification, n. Wicastakagapi. 
personify, vt. Wicastaka'ga. 
perspective, n. Istaiciyopteyaun. 
perspicuity n. Wa'mdezeca; tan/- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



perspicuous 137 

yaq amdespica; tan/yai) wan- 

yagpiea. 
perspicuous, a. Mde'za; okahni- 

hwaste. 
perspicuously, adv. Okitaninyai). 
perspiration, w. Temni ; itemui. 
perspire, vi. Temni. 
persuade, vt. Cinkiya ; wicada- 

kiya ; econkiya : we will per- 
suade him. 
persuasible, a. Cinkiyepica. 
persuasion, w. 1. Cinwicakiyapi : 

his power of persuasion. 2. Obe; 

okodakiciye : they belong to the 

same persuasion. 
persuasive, a. Wicayuhomni. 
pert, a. Itoij'pesni ; wi'stecesni ; 

mdiheca. 
pertain, vi. Iyowaza ; ta'wa. 
pertinacious, a. Kitanhinca ; wa- 

kitar). 
pertinaciously, adv. Eitaijyai). 
pertinacity, w. Wakitanpi; tawa- 

cin ke'zapi. 
pertinency, w. Woiyecetu ; coyapi. 
pertinent, a. Iyehantu ; iyowaza. 
pertinently, adv. Iyowaaya ; co- 

yena. 
pertly, adv. Wayupiya ; yupiya. 
pertness, w. Womdiheca; wowa- 

yupika. 
perturb, vt. Yuskarjskai). 
perturbation, n. Yuskaijskanpi. 
perusal, w. Yawapi. 
peruse, vt. Yawa ; wowapi yawa. 
pervade, vt. Mahen iyaye ; ka- 

htan. 
perverse, a. Owotaijnasni ; skopa ; 

pemni ; wanahonsni ; cantee- 

ciijsni. 
perversely, adv. Echjsniyai]. 
perverseness, n. Wowanahonsni ; 

woowotannasni. 
perversion, ft. Yupemnipi; yae- 

©insniyapi. 
perversity, n. Woecinsniyan; woe- 

cetusni. 
pervert, vt. Yutokeca ; yusica. 



phaeton 

perverter, n. Wayusica. 

pesky, a. Wanagiyeya. 

pessimist, w, Eca wawiyokipisni. 

pest, w. 1. Makosica. 2. Woyu- 
sica ; wonagiyeya. 

pester, vt. Nagiyeya. 

pesterer, w. Wanagiyeya. 

pest-house, ft. Makosica ti'pi. 

pestiferous, a. Wosice ka'ga; si'ca. 

pestilence, w. Makosice ; woyu- 
sice. 

pestilent, a. Wayusica. 

pestilential, a. Wayusica ; si'ca. 

pestle, w. Wi'bope. vt. Bopan. 

pet, a. & w. 1. Ihaktapidan ; ki- 
hnapidan : my pet lamb. 2. Wo- 
canze ; wocanteptanye : the boy 
was in a pet. vt. Kihna ; ki- 
hnahna : the mother pets her 
child. 

petal, n. Wahca ape. 

petit, a. Ci'stinna ; ihukuya. 

petition, ft. Wadapi ; ocinpi ; wo- 
cekiye ; wadapi wowapi. 

petitioner, n. Wada. 

petitioning, ft. Wadapi. 

petrel, w. Miniwanca wieatank- 
tanka. 

petrifaction, n. In'yan icaga. 

petrify, vi. Inyai) icaga. 

petroleum, n. Makaihdi ; petizan- 
zan ikceka. 

petticoat, ft. Sanksannica ; niti- 
yapehe. 

pettifog, vi. Ta'kusnisni j ki'cicu- 
wa. 

pettifogger, n. Waaiawicasta ta'- 
kusnisni wicakicicuwa. 

pettish, a. Iyokipisni ; canksiksi. 

petty, a. Ci'stinna ; ta'kusnisni. 

petulance, w. Wowacinko. 

petulant, a. Wacinko ; canksiksi ; 
ce'yektehca. 

petulantly, adv. Canksiksiya. 

pew, ft. Can'akanyakapi han'ska. 

pewter, w. Ma'zawisdoye. 

phaeton, n. Canpahmihma nahu- 
huzapi han'ska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



phalanx 138 

phalanx, n. Akicita optaye ; aki- 

cita omdotonyan na'zinpi. 
phantasm, n. Kiktahai) wi'hai)- 

mnapi ; wanagi wanyakapi. 
phantom, n. Wowanyake ; wanagi 

wanyakapi ; wanagi. 
phase, n. Waijyakapi ; wowanya- 

ke ; owanyake. 
pheasant, n. 2i'ca ; tioabuna. 
phenomenal, a. Wowanyake ; to'- 

keca. 
phenomenon, (pi. phenomena), n. 

Wowanyake ; ta'ku tanii). 
philanthropic, a. Waoijsida. 
philanthropist, n. Oyate on/siwi- 

cada. 
philanthropy, n. Oyate waoijsida- 

pi ; wicasta owafiin wastedapi. 
philippic, n. Iapi woyahtake. 
philology, n. Iapi wooijspe. 
philopena, n. Yahugapi su cekpa. 
philosopher, n. Wicasta wi'yu- 

kcan ; ksapotancan. 
philosophize, vi. Woksape iwo- 

hdaka. 
philosophy, n. Woksape woon- 

spe. 
phiz, n. Ite. 
phlegm, n. Tage. 

phlegmatic, a. Hun/kesni ; haijhi. 
phonetic, a. Ho kiij ohnayan 

eyapi. 
phonography, n. Nape on ohanko 

owapi. 
phosphorous, n. Yuidepi can sin. 
photograph, n. Iteicupi ; wiiyozai)- 

zai) on ite icupi. 
phrase, n. Woeye ; woeye o'kihe. 
phrenology, n. Wicapahu wooi)- 

spe. 
phthisic, n. Oniyasicapiwoyazan. 
physic, n. 1. Iyoptaiyeyapi : give 

him a physic. 2. Pezuta woon- 

spe : 8tHdyphy8ic. 
physics, n. Ta'kutantoi) wooi)- 

spe. 
physical, a. Wicatarjcarj ; wica- 

cehpi ; ta'ku taijtoi). 



picture-gallery 



physically, adv. Wicataijcai) eciya- 
tanhan. 

physician, n. Pezutawicasta. 

physiognomy, n. Ite owanyake. 

physiology, n. Wicatancan woon- 
spe. 

piano, n. Mazikan dowankiyapi. 

piazza, n. O'hanzihdepi. 

picayune, n. Kaspapi okise. 

pick, vt. 1. Iou ; yuwankan icu : 
pick up the book. 2. Pahi ; yu- 
spi : pickpluim. 3. Capa; ca- 
papa : pick a hole. 4. Kalinin, 
icu ; icu : he picked his men. — 
Pick at, kuwa. — Pick a bone, 
huhu yasmi. — Pick a bird, 
Zitkadan yusda. — Pick off, 
yuhpa ; bonpa. — Pick out, 
icu; yusdoka; kahniga. — Pick 
a pocket, sicanopiye napistan- 
yaij. — Pick a quarrel, ki'ze kta 
kuwa. — Pick up a living, oi) ni 
kta pahi. n. Ice ; makice pe'- 
sto : dig it with a pick. 2. Ka- 
hnigapi ; iyotan waste : he was 
the pick of the family. 

pickax, n. Wi'ce ; hokapasu. 

pickerel, n. Tamahe. 

picket, n. 1. Canpasdatapi ; mazi- 
pasdate : the horse pulled up the 
picket. 2. Canmdaska pespes- 
to : the picket fence. 3. (Mil.) 
Akicita toijwe na'zii) ; akicita 
na'zii). vt. 1. Sunkawakan oka- 
tai) : picket tlie horses. 2. Acan- 
kaaka ; pasdata. 

picking, n. Wospipi. 

pickle, n. Skumnayaijpi ; mini- 
skuya icahi ka'gapi. vt. Sku'- 
yeya ; miniskuya icahiya. 

picnic, n. Manin owoskate ; manin 
skatapi. 

pictorial, a. Iteowapi ka'gapi. 

picture, n. Iteowapi ; wowanyake. 
vt. Iteowa ; tanhjyai) oyaka. 

picture-frame, n. Iteowapi ozu- 
ha. 

picture-gallery, n. Iteowapi ti'pi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



picturesque 139 

picturesque, a. Wa'petokeca ; owa- 

pi waste he'ca. 
pie, ft. 1. Opemnikagapi : do you 

eat pie t 2. Ma'zaehdepi zuzu- 

wahe. 
piece, n. 1. Oijspa : apiece of bread, 

2. Ta'ku wanzi ; ta'ku kin ; 

o'spe wanzi ; wanzi. A fowling 

piece, ta'ku on wakutepi. vt. 

Okipata ; akihdagton ; onspa 

aka&ege : piece his pants. 
piecemeal, adv. On&paspa. 
piecework, ft. Okipatapi. 
pieplant, w. Apetanka opemnika- 
gapi. 
pier, n. 1. Cankanonpapi ahdehe. 

2. Mini ekta in/yanconkaske. 
pierce, vt. Pahdoka ; capa ; mahen- 

iyaye. 
pierceable, a. Pahdogpica. 
Pierre, ft. Wakpasicaotonwe. 
piety, w. Ta'ku Wakaq ohodapi. 
pif , n. 1. Kukuse cinca ; kukuse : 

the pig is fat. 2. Mazasdoyapi. 
pif eon, n. Wakiyedan. 
pif eon-toed, n. Siha naoksin. 
pif nut, n. Cansu. 
piftail, n. Kukusesinte ; kisonpi. 
pike, w. Tamahe ; ho'wakan ; he 

caught a pike. 
pile, ft. 1. Paha ; opahi ; e'zupi : 

a pile of stones. 2. Cankaga 

pasdatapi : pounding in the 

piles, vt. E'zu ; wi'taya e'hde : 

pile them up. 
piles, n. Unze ohdoka po'pi. 
pilfer, vt. Man on. vi. Wamanon. 
pilferer, ft. Wamanons'a. 
pilfrlm, ft. I'cimani ; i'cimani un ; 

ohnihde un ; oicimani. 
pilgrimage, n. Oicimani. 
piling, ft. Can'pasdatapi. 
pill, ft. Pezutapsunka ; pezuta 

hmiyanyanna. 
pillage, n. Woyuha ozuye ekta 

wicaMpi; taku manor) ahdipi. 

vt. Manor) ; ozuye ekta manor). 
pillager, n. Wamanons'a. 



pipe 

pillar, n. Ipatanhdepi ; ti'piipa- 
tan ; wabosdata. A pillar of 
cloud, mahpiya bosdata. 

pillow, n. Ipahin. 

pilot, w. Iyupseyuza; wasinteyu- 
homni ; makoce sdonya. 

pimple, n. Sasaahinaijpa ; oyuhi. 

pimpled, a. Yuhihi. 

pin, w. Hi'paskudan ; wi'pasise. 
A paper of pins. 
— Tent pins, wihutipaspe. vt. 
Pasisa ; ipasise. — Pin the hand- 
kerchiefs together, itipaMnte 
i'cipasisa. — Pin Hie tent down, 
wakeya ipaspa. 

pinafore, n. Makuakahpedai). 

pincase, n. Hi'paskudan wohnake. 

pinch, vt. Yuzipa ; pazipa ; kaki- 
sya; paskica; otinsyuza. ft. 
Woyuzipa ; yuzim icupi. 

pinchers, n. Wiyuzipe. 

pincushion, n. Hipaskudan ipahdi. 

pine, ft. Wazican ; wazi. vi. Icai)- 
tesica ; tamaheca a'ya. 

pine-apple, n. Makataspai). 

pine-clad, a. Waziozu. 

pinery, n. Waziokakse. 

pinion, w. Wi'yaka ; hin ; hupanu. 

pink, a. Sa ; sasan : a pink dress. 
w. Wahoasasa. 

pinnacle, n. Ipasotka ; in/kpa. 

pint, w. Censkawiyatke oiyute : 
half a pint. 

pioneer, n. Watokahan ; tokaheya 
hi'yotanke. vi. Cankukaga. 

pious, a. Ta'ku Wakan ohoda; 
wacinyan : a pious family. 

piously, adv. Waohodaya. 

pious-minded, a. Wocekiye awa- 
cii). 

pipe, ft. 1. Canduhupa; cannon- 
pa : he filled his pipe. — The 
pipe head, canduhupa pahu. — 
The pipe stem, caijdulmpasun- 
ta. — Fill the pipe, opagi. — 
Smoke the pipe, cannonpa. 2. 
Ma'zaohdogeca. Water-pipes, 
ma'zaohdogeca miniyaya. — 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



piper 

Stove-pipe, ma'zaoceti ihupa. 
3. Co'yatanka : blow your pipes. 
— A pipe organ, canhdogeca 
dowankiyapi. vi. Yazo ; zo. 

piper, ft. Wayazo. 

pipestone, n. Cannoqpa in/yai). 

Plpestooe Quarry, w. Cannomoke. 

piping, pa. Yapinza ; pin'za. 

piquant, a. Yazimzipa ; wayazim- 
zipa. 

piquantly, adv. Pe'stoya. 

pique, w. Woyazipe; wocanze. 
vt. Pazipa ; canzeya. 

piracy, n. Wi'tawata wamanoqpi ; 
wamanonpi. 

pirate, w. Wamanoijwicasta ; wi'- 
tawata wamanoi). 

piratical, a. Wamanoi). 

pish, interj. Hinte ; wahtesni. 

piss, vi. De'za ; miniiheya. 

pistol, w. Ma'zakanptecedai). 

pit, n. 1. Makohdoka; ohdoka. 

2. Su. Cherry pits, canpa su. 
— The arm-pit, a. — The pit of 
the stomach, pi'mnumnuge. — 
Pitted face, itehdohdoka. vt. 
Ohdohdogya ; su ehpeya ; kici 
ecoijkiya. 

pitapat, adv. Kabubupise. 

pitch, vt. 1. Kah'oiyeya; ehpeya : 
pitch hay. 2. E'hde ; ka'ga : 
pitch a tent, — Pitch camp, owan- 
Ka ka'ga. 3. (Mus.) Wankan 
iyeya ; ahiyaya : pitch the tune. 
vi. Ticaga ; e'ti : they pitclied 
in the plain, 2. Hinhpaya: he 
pitched headfirst down the bank. 

3. Kah'oh'o iyaye : the boat 
pitched about all night, n. 1. 
Maya ; oipa ; o'smaka : the 
lowest pitch of poverty. 2. {Mm.) 
Ho'icupi. 3. Wokaho : the pitch 
of the boat. 4. Onaptanye : the 
pitch of the roof. 5. Cansii) : 
he covered the cracks with pitch. 

pitch-black, n. A'wicakehai) sa'pa. 
pitch-dark, ft. A'wicakehan o'kpa- 



140 place 

pitcher, ft. 1. Miniiokastai) : he 
broke the pitcfier. 2. Waka- 
h'oiyeya. 

pitchfork, ft. Pe&icape. 

pitching, a. A'pamahde ; nake. 

pltchpine, ft. Wazi sinota. 

pitchy, ». Cansii) yukeya ; wi'ya- 
skape ; sa'pa ; owotaijinsni. 

piteous, a. Oiyokisica; oi) sika ; 
wahpani^a. 

piteously, adv. On/siya. 

pitfall, ft. Makohdoka wi'hmunke. 

pith, ft. 1. Cogin. : punch out the 
pith. 2. Co ; ta'ku ka'pi hca : 
the pith ofhis remarks. 

pithily, adv. Yucoya. 

pithy, a. 1. Yucoka ; a'taya ; ya- 
tix) zapi : pithy remarks. 2. Po- 
popa ; cogin se. 

pitiable, a. Oi)'sidapi iyececa ; on/- 
sika,: a pitiable company. 

pitiful, a. 1. Waoijsida : the Lord 
is pitiful. 2. On/aika : a piti- 
ful face. 3. Wahtesni. 

pitifully, adv. On/siya ; oijsidaya. 

pltifulness, ft. Waon&dapi ; wowa- 
htesni. 

pitiless, a. WowaonSida ni'ca. 

pitilessly, adv. Waoijsidasni. 

pittance, n. 1. Wokpanka ; ci'stii)- 
na : he li/ved on a pittance. 2. 
Ta'ku on 'sika wicakupi. 

pity, w. Icantekicisicapi ; wowa- 
onsida ; woiyokisica : he has no 
pity. — What apiiy, ta'ku woi- 
yokisica ; ecahes. vt. Orj'sida : 
he pitied me. vi. Waoijsida. 

pivot, w. Ahdeyuhomni. 

pivotal, a. En yuhomnipi. 

placard, n. Tiaskamya yaotan- 
inpi. 

place, ft. Oyanke ; makoce ; oton- 
we ; wicohaq : a good place to 
live. — A country place, wozupi 
oyanke. — Give place for the 
ladies, win/yan. wicakiciyukaij 
po. — He wants a place in the 
carpenter shop, cankazipa ti'pc 



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141 



platform 



en wicoharj cjij. — In place of, 
e'ekiya. vt. E'hnaka ; e'hde ; 
e'oqpa. 
placid, a. Amdakedai) ; owaijzi 

UI). 

placidly, adv. Amdakayena. 

plagiarize, vt. Iapi manoi) ; tu'we 
to'keca to'ie ta'waya. 

plague, n. Makosica; woiyoki&i- 
ca ; wonagiyeya. vt. Nagiyeya. 

plaguer, n. Wanagiyeya. 

plaid,;*. Sinahdehdega; hdehdega. 

plain, a. 1. Taqiijyai) waij'ka ; 
okahnin waste : he made it 
plain. 2. Mda'ya ; mdaska : a 
plain country. 3. Yuwastepi- 
sni ; sku'yesni ; oskiskesni : a 
plain dress; plain food. 4. Ikce- 
ka; katirjyai) : plain people. — 
Plain clothy minifruha owapi- 
£ni.— Plain food, woyute sku'- 
yesni. — A plain tune, ho oski- 
skesni. n. Makomdaye : the 
plains of South Dakota. 

plain-dealing, a. Ohaij owotan- 
napi. 

plainly, adv. Taninyai). 

plainness, n. Woanahbesni. 

plain-speaking, n. Owohdake ka- 
tiijyai). 

plaint, n. Odowai) aceyapi. 

plaintiff, n. (Law.) Tu'we kuwa. 

plaintive, a. 1. Ce'yapi ; oiyokisi- 
ca : a plaintive song. 

plaintively, adv. Ce'yaya. 

plait, n. Kisoijpi; yuskipi. vt. 
Soi) ; kisoi) ; yuski : plait your 
hair. 

plan, n. 1. Icagopi ; okage : the 
plan of your house. 2. Owo- 
wiyukcan ; wowiyukcai) : what 
is your plan for the campaign. 
3. Huha ka'gapi ; iapi itancan : 
the plan of a sermon, vt. Iyu- 
kcai) ; owa ; ka'ga. 

plane, a. Mda'ya. n. Caijicazipe ; 
sharpen the plane, vt. Pazipa ; 
kamdaya : plane the boards. 



planet, n. Wicanhpi omani. 

plank, n. Canmdaska so'ka. 

planless, n. Wowiyukcai) ni'ca. 

planner, n. Wawiyukcan. 

plant, n. 1. Wato ; maka etanhai) 
ta'ku icaga : some plants have 
"beautiful flowers. 2. Okage ; 
icuwa : an electric plant, vt. 

1. Ozu : plant corn. 2. Huhde : 
plant trees. 3. Ahihnaka ; ma- 
koce en i'yotangwicakiya : 
plant colonies. 4. Onspekiya ; 
ozu : plant Christianity among 
the heathen. 5. E'hde : to plant 
cannon. 

plaintain, n. Canhdohu apemda- 

ska. 
plantation, n. Owozu; wozupima- 

koce. 
planter, n. Wozuti ; tan'kaya wo- 

zu : the planters of the South. 

2. Iozu : a corn-planter. 
plaster, n. 1. Wi'puspe ; tiisanye : 

the plaster is falling off. 2. 
(Med.) Pezuta iyaskamyapi : 
put a plaster on the sore. vt. 
Apuspa; a'skamya : plaster this 
room next. 

plasterer, n. Ti'piapuspa. 

plastering, n. Wi'puspe ; tiipuspe. 

plastic, a. Dodo ; okahwaste. 

plat, vt. Kazogta; owa. n. 1. 
Son'pi; wakazoijtapi. 2. Ma- 
koce owapi ; makobaspe ; owa- 
pi : a plat of the town. 

plate, n. 1. Waksicamdaska; kam- 
peska : pass your plate for some 
meat. 2. Ma'zamdaska : a roof 
of tin plate. 3. Wowapi ma'- 
zaahdiheyapi ; iteowapi ahdi- 
heyapi : the dictionary plates, 
vt. Ma'zaaskamya. 

plateau, n. Makomdaye ; mda- 
mdate. 

plateful, n. Waksica ozudai). 

platform, n. 1. Oanazin ; owanka : 
the minister's platform; the 
platform for the cannon. 2. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



platform-car 



142 



plentiful 



Wicoie ahdehekiyapi : the 
Democratic platform. 

platform-car, n. flemanimdaska. 

plating, n. Ma'zaiaskamyapi. 

platinum, w. Ma'zaskatke. 

Platte River, n. Kampeskawakpa. 

platter, n. Wakfiicamdaska tan'ka. 

platting, n. Son/pi; owapi. 

plaudit, n. Wayawastepi; ido- 
wanpi. 

plausibility, n. Woiyecetu. 

plausible, a. He'cetu se'ca; waste 
se'ca. 

plausibly, adv. Wicaka se'ca. 

play,t;*. 1. Ska'ta: he played ball. 
2. Dowai)kiya; yazokiya: ho- 
toi)kiya : play the organ. — Play 
cards, kansukute. — Play a trick, 
hnayai) kuwa. n. Woskate ; 
ska'tapi; wapazopi woskate; 
woskaqskan ; woiyowinkiye. — 
A ball-play y takapsicapi. — Give 
full play, woiyowinkiye fcu. — 
Bough play, woskate ksizeca. 
Shakespeare's plays, Shakes- 
peare wapazopi woskate. — The 
play of the wheel, hu'can- 
hdeska icunom ayuhomni. 

play-day, n. Ska'tapi anpetu. 

player, n. Ska'ta ; waikpazo. 

playfellow, n. Kiciskata ; kicica. 

playful, a. Ska'tes'a. 

playfully, adv. Skanya ; ska'ta. 

playfulness, n. Ska'tapi wasteda- 
kapi. 

playhouse, n. Woskate ti'pi ; ohna 
ska'tapi. 

playmate, n. Kiciskata. 

plaything, n. Wi'napiskanye ; oi) 
ska'tapi; wi'skate : the chil- 
dren's playthings. 

plea, n. 1. Iapi; to'ken oq e'ya : 
the lawyer's plea. 2. Woce- 
kiye ; ta'ku da pi. 

plead, vi. E'ya; iciya; icekiya; 
oi) etanhan e'ya : he plead for 
the boy. vt. Cazeyata ; oi) 
etanhai) da : he plead poverty. 



pleadable, a. Cazeyanpica. 
pleader, n. Wawiciya ; ki'cicnwa. 
pleadingly, adv. Ce'kiya se. 
pleasant, a. Wi'ciyokipi ; oiyoki- 
pi; owastecaka; wi'haha. — A 
pleasant family, tiwahe wi'ciyo- 
kipi. — It is pleasant, oiyokipi. 
— A pleasant day, anpetu owa- 
stecake. — A pleasant fellow , 
tu'we wi'haha. 

pleasantly, adv. IyoMpiya; can- 
wasteya. 

pleasantness, n. Woiyokipi; iyo- 
wicakipi. 

pleasantry, n. Iyokipiwicayapi ; 
wawihahayapi. 

please, vt. Canwasteya ; iyoki- 
piya : he pleased his father. — 
The boy pleased me very much, 
hoksidai) iyoHpimayanhinca. 
— He is pleased, iyokipi. vi. 
Ye; iyonicipi ye; ce'ciciye. — 
Please come, u ye ; yau kta iyo- 
nicipi ye. 

pleaser, n. Iyokipiwicaya. 

pleasing, a. Wawiyokipi; wi'ci- 
mdeza. 

pleasingly, adv. Iyokipiya. 

pleasurable, a. Owicawaste. 

pleasure, n. Woiyokipi ; wowiyu- 
skin ; tawacin ; iyokipiiciyapi. 
— Use your pleasure, ni'ye ni- 
tawacin ye'cun kta. — Lovers of 
pleasure, iyokipiiciyapi ; waste- 
dapi. 

pleasure-boat, n. Wa'ta on 6ka'- 
tapi. 

pled, imp. of plead. 

pledge, n. On yuwicakapi ; ma'za- 
ska odotapi on kaskapi. vt. 
Kaska ; on yuwicakapi e'hde : 
I pledge you my horse. 

Pleiades, n. ( Astron.) Tawamnipa. 

plenary, a. A'taya. 

plenteous, a. O'ta; ozudan. 

plenteously, adv. O'ta ; iyakicuya. 

plentiful, a. 1. Otai) tonka ; pan'- 
ga ; ni'na o'ta : a plentiful sup- 



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plenty 



143 



ply 



ply. 2. Waicaga ; o'ta icaga : 

a plentiful year, 
plenty, n. O'ta ; woozudan ; wo- 

wizice. — Peace and plenty, wo- 

okiye ka woozudai). a, O'ta; 

titkai)na : plenty of corn. 
plethoric, a. Iyakicu; i'saqpa; 

ehaes ; o'ta. 
pliable, a. Zigzica ; panpanna. 
pliancy, n. Wopatiqsni ; ifa'zQhm. 
pliant, a. Okuwawaste ; swiijswii)- 

zedan. ; wan/kadai). 
pliantly, adv. Iyowiijyai). 
plied, imp. of ply. 
plight, n. 1. Oui) ; to'ken un/pi : 

in good plight 2. Waehnaka- 

pi ; woeaze. 
plod, vi. fiaqhiya ya ; nanhi 

ntani. 
ploddingly, adt\ ftanhiya. 
plot, n. 1. Wokuwa ; na&man ku- 

wapi: a #to* to kill the boy. 

2. Makoce ci'stinna : a plot of 

ground. 3. Makoce oiyute. vt. 

1. Kuwa ; nanman kuwa : he 

plotted destruction. 2. Makoce 

owa. 
plover, n. Zitkadai) hu'toto. 
plow, vt. Yumdu; yupta; pago; 

ihangya : plow the ground, n. 

Maniyumdu ; manioe : hitch the 

horses to the plow. 
plowable, a. Yumdupica ; yumdu- 

piwaste. 
plowboy, n. Manyumdu hoksidai). 
plower, n. Manyumdu. 
plowland, n. Makoceyumdupi- 

waste. 
plowman, n. Manyumduwicasta. 
plowshare, n. Mahiyumducuwi. 
pluck, n. Wowaditake : a man of 

pluck, vt. Yuspi; yuksa; yu- 

sda : pluck flmcers. 
plncklly, adv. Waditagya. 
plucky, a. Waditaka; cantetinza. 
plug, w. 1. Iostai) : put the plug 

in the hole. 2. Oqspa ; oba- 

kse : a plug of tobacco. 3. Wa- 



pahasapa. 4. dun'kawakanhu- 

noge. vt. O'stan ; yuotinza. 
plum, n. Kan'ta : a plum tree, 

kaqtuhu. 
plumage, n. Hin ; zitkadaijhin : 

beautiful plumage. 
plumb, n. On. bosdata iyutapi. 

a. Bosdata. vt. Yubosdata. 
plumbago, n. Canwicazo cogii). 
plumber, n. Ma'zaMogecamini- 

yaya apiya. 
plumbing, n. Miniyaya apiyapi. 
plumb-line, n. Wi'yutapi ikai). 
plum-cake, n. Aguyapi kan'ta 

icahi. 
plume, n. Wa'cinhe ; wi'yaka. vt. 

1. Wa'cinhekicui) ; wa'cinheki- 

toi) : a plumed Indian. 2. Oki- 

hiicida ; iwahanicida : he plumed 

himself on his strength. 
plnmele&s, a. Wi'yakacodan. 
plummet, n. Ma'zasu oi) sbe iyu- 
tapi ; bosdata owiyute. 
plump, a. 1. Ce'pa ; tan'ka : how 

plump the baby is. 2. A'taya ; 

ocowasin : a plump lie. adv. 

Bu se ; innuhan. 
plunder, n. 1. Ta'ku manoi)pi. 2. 

Woyuha; wahpaya. vt. Ma- 
nor) ; woyuha M. 
plunderer, n. Wawicaki; wama- 

non. 
plunge, vt. Mahen iyeya : he 

plunged it in the water, vt. Ka- 

ho iyeieiya : the horse plunged 

into the river, n. Kahoiyeya- 

pi; maheniyeyapi. 
plunging, a. Eahoiyaya. 
pluperfect, a. (Gram.) O'ta; wan- 

ziisanpa. 
plurality, n. 1. Wan ziisanpa; o'ta: 

plurality of wives. 2. Ota; 

isnana o'ta : he received a 

plurality of votes. 
plus, prep. San/pa ; ka. 
ply, vt. Kuwa ; econ : ply his 

trade, vi. O'hiijni ya ; omani ; 

skai) : the boat plies between 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



pneumatics 144 

Sioux City and Omaha. «. O- 
yuksiza ; opehe : two plies. 

pneumatics, n. Tate woonspe. 

poach, vt. 1. Miniakastaijstai) 
spaijyaqpi : poach eggs. 2. Ma- 
noi) ; nahmai) akiyahda : lie 
poached a cap. 

pocket, n. Sicanopiye; wozuha; 
ohdoka : put it in your pocket; 
a pocket in the rock. vt. Ma- 
hen iyeya ; icu. 

pocket-book, n. Ma'zaska ozuha. 

pocketful, n. Sicanopiye ozudan. 

pocket-knife, n. Isaqyukatiqpi ; 
Y. Miyuk&izapi. 

pod, n. Su'ozuha ; ha : a pod of 
beans. 

poem, n. Iapi odowan kahya ; odo- 
wai). 

poesy, n. Odowan ka'gapi. 

poet, n. Odowanka'ga. 

poetess, n. Wiij'yai) odowai) - 
kaga. 

poetic, a. Odowankaga he'ca; 
odowai) se'ca. 

poetry, n. Odowai) iapi ; iapi waci 
se'ca. 

poignancy, n. Woyahtake. 

poignant, a. Wayahtake ; pa'za. 

point, n. 1. In/kpa; o'inkpa; ope: 
the point of the needle. 2. Oipa ; 
ihai)ke : a point of land. 3. On. 
okitaijii) ; wokitaijii) ; to'keea ; 
wasaghdepi : his good points. 
4. Wocazeyate ; iapi okitaijii) : 
the first point in his speech. 5. 
Oehnake ; samyapidan : in read- 
ing notice the points. 6. Oyan- 
ke ; hehantu : the freezing point. 
— In point of view ', iwanyakapi 
eciyataijhai). — Points of the 
compass, makiyutapi oepazo. — 
Gain a point, oyanke ohiya ; 
wanzi ohiya. — Score a point, 
woohiye waqzi okiciwapi. — 
Strain a point, i'sam iyaye. vt. 
1. E'pazo ; ekta e'pazo : point 
the gun at the wolf. 2 Pazo ; 



pole 



waijyagsi : he pointed me to 

Solomon. 3. Kapesto : point 

tlie pickets. 4. Samyapidan. 

e'hnaka : point your writings. 

5. Makaaai) apuspe : the walls 

are not pointed yet. 
point-blank, a. Katiijyai). 
pointed, a. 1. Kapestopi ; pe'sto : 

a pointed stick. 2. Pe'sto; ca- 

papi se : his pointed remarks. 
pointedly, adv. Pe'stoya. 
pointer, n. 1. Sun'ka siyo pazo : 

a brown pointer. 2. Wapazo ; 

wi'pazo : thatwordis thepointer. 
pointing, n. Wowapi samyapidan, ; 

ti'pi apuspapi. 
pointless, a. Pe'stosni ; ta'ku ka 

tarjinsni. 
poise, n. Obosdan han ; aspeye- 

toijpi. vi. Ze'zeya e'hnaka ; 

aspeyetoij. 
poison, n. Pezutasica ; wohaka ; 

pezuta oi) wieata ; wosica. vt. 

1. Pezutasica ku; pezuta oi) 
kte : poison wolves. 2. Yusica. 
3. Pezutasica aehnaka ; poison 
the meat. 

poisonous, a. Wayusica ; si'ca ; 
ohaka ; poisonous roots. 

poke, vt. Pazipa ; capa. To poke 
fun at, ihaha kuwa. n. 1. Pa- 
zipapi ; wocapa : an iron poke. 

2. Tu'we hun'kesni ; ku'za : 
that boy is a poke. 3. Ptewiye 
caij'wanapii). 

poker, n. 1. Pe'ta icuwa ; ma'za 
pesto. 2. Kansukutepi (ocaze). 

pokerish, a. Okokipe. 

polar, a. Waziyata ihanke ; itokafr 
ihaijke. Polar bear, matoska. 

pole, n. Tosu ; canhaijska. A 
bean-pole, omnica cankipasda- 
tapi. — A boat-pole, ipamna. 
— Liberty -pole, canwakaij. — A 
pole long, ohanske sihaiyutapi 
16J. — A tent pole, tosu. — A 
wagon pole, canpahmihma ihu- 
pa. n. Waziyata ihanke ; ma- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



polecat 145 

kapesdete ; itokab. ihaijke. vt. 
Ipamnakitoi). 

polecat, n. Maqka ; doksiijca. 

polemic, a. Iaakinica. 

pole-star, n. Waziyata wicaijhpi ; 
ma&piyapesdete wicaqhpi. 

police, n. Akicitawawaijyake ; wa- 
waqyake ; caqnakseyuha. — 
Police station, wa'waijyake ona- 
zii). 

policeman, n. Wawaqyake. 

policy, w. 1. Oecoi) ; wowiynkcai) ; 
wowayupika : the policy of our 
government. 2. Waihaijgyapi 
ki'cicazuzupi kta wowapi. 

polish, vt. 1. Pawiyakpa ; payeza ; 
pasduta : polish boots. 2. Yu- 
waste ; waciijksamya : polish 
his manners, n. Oi) pasduta- 
pi ; wopasduta ; wowiyakpa ; 
yuwastepi. 

pollshable, a. Pasdutepica. 

polite, a. Ohai) waste; wawiyo- 
kipi. 

polite, a. Ohaqwaste; wawiyo- 
kipi. 

politely, adv. Wawiyokipiya. 

politeness, n. Woiyokipi; ohaij- 
wastepi. 

politic, a. A'etopte ; ksa'pa. 

political, a. Oyate ; oyate oi- 
hduhe. 

politically, adv. Oyate oihduhe eci- 
yatai)hai). 

politician, n. Oyate oihduhe wico- 
harj kuwa ; wa'kiia wicasta. 

politics, n. Woitancan wicoharj ; 
wa'kiiapi; oyate oyuha wico- 
hai). 

polity, n. Woope ; okodakieiye 
huha. 

polka, n. Tawanzi wacipi. 

poll, n. 1. Pesdete ; pa : his poll 
is bare. 2. Wicayawapi; wi- 
capa yawapi : the poll made a 
hundred. 3. Kaijsu iyohpeya- 
pi ; itaqcai) kannigapi : go to 
the polls and vote honestly, vt. 



poor 



1. Pa kasda ; in'kpa baksa. 

2. Wicacaze owa. 
poll-book, n. Wowapi wicacaze 

owapi. 

polled, a. Baksapi ; he wanica. 

poll-evil, n. 6ui)'kawakai)pehdipi. 

polliwig, n. Hosupesde. 

poll-tax, n. Wicasta iyohi kazu- 
zupi. 

pollute, vt. Yusapa ; yusica ; asa- 
mya. 

polluted,^. Asamyapi. 

polluter, n. Asamya ; wayusica. 

pollution, n. Wosape ; waasapapi. 

poltroon, n. Canwaqka ; ta'kutan- 
insni. 

poly, prefix. O'ta. 

polygamist, n. Tawicuota. 

polygamy, n. Tawicuotapi. 

polyglot, a. Wicaceziota ka'gapi : 
a polyglot Bible. 

polygon, n. Okahmii) o'ta. 

Polynesia, n. Witaota. 

polysyllable, n. Iapiokiheota. 

polytheist, n. Ta'kuwakanota- 
yuha. 

pomade, n. Isdaye wastemna ; 
ihepi. 

pommel, n. Psuijka; papsuijka; 
pa. vt. Apapa. 

pony, n. Sunghuna ; Suijg Dakota. 
Pony-engine, nemani hu'na. 

poodle, n. Suij'kana ; suijkaecaci- 
stinna hiusma. 

pooh, interj. Hoh. 

pool, n. 1. Minioskokpa ; mde- 
dan : the pool is deep. 2. Wa- 
yekiyapi; ta'ku kaskapi. 

poor, a. 1. Tamaheca. A poor 
coio, pte tamaheca. 2. Wahpa- 
nica: a poor widoic. 3. Oij'si- 
ka : a poor sick baby. 4. Wa- 
stesni ; osteka : a poor compo- . 
sition. — Poor clothes, heyake 
waste sni. — A poor excuse, iapi 
ta'ku sni. — Poor fellow, tuwe 
on'sika. — Poor health, zani sni. 
— Poor potatoes, mdo siksica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



poor-house 146 

— Poor scholar, wayawa oi]- 
spekesni. — Poor soil, maka wai- 
cage sni. — A poor speaker, wo- 
hdaka onspekesni. 

poor-house, n. Wanpanica ti'pi ; 
tukten wanpanica awanyakapi. 

poorly, adv. 1. Wahpaniya ; oi)- 
siya; icakisya : he lived poorly. 

2. Kitaijyai) ; wokitanyan. ; ci'- 
stiyena : he succeeded poorly. 

3. Okihisniya*) ; tanyaqsni. 
pomp, n. Wowitai) ; wokitaijii). 
pomposity, n. Wataijkaicidapi. 
pompous, a. Tan/kaicuia ; hin'sko- 

tauka. 
pompously, adv. Tan'kaicidaya. 
Ponca, n. {A tribe of Indians.) 

Pan'ka; Oyateyamni. 
pond, n. Minioskokpa ; mde'dai). 
ponder, vt. Awacii) ; iwai)yaka. 
ponderer, n. Waawacii). 
ponderous, a. Tke ; taij'ka. 
ponderously, adv. Tkeya. 
pone, n. Wokpaijpitacagu. 
pontiff, n. Sinasapa itancai) ; wo- 

snaitancai). 
pontifical, a. Wpsnaitancaijtawa. 
pontificate, n. Sinasapa woitan- 

cai). 
pontoon, n. Wa'ta on. cankahon- 

papi. 
pop, n. 1. Po'pa; pom'hinhda. 

2. Minitaga. vt. 1. Papanya; 

napomya : pop corn. 2. Ihnuj 

hai) ecoi) ; ihnuhai) hiyu : pop 

the question. 
pop-corn, n. Wamnaheza popopa. 
pope, n. Sinasapa itancai). 
popedom, n. Sinasapa wokiconze. 
popgun, n. Wi'papopa. 
popish, a. Sinasapa. 
poplar, n. Wahcii]ca ; wahpesto. 
Poplar River, n. Wahcinca wakpa. 
popple, n. Wahchjca. 
populace, w. Oyate ; wicasta. 
popular, a. 1. Oyate wastedapi ; 

a'taya iyokipipi : a popular 

Agent. 2. A'taya iyowazapi; 



portion 



oyate ta'wa : a popular elec- 
tion. 3. A'taya okahninwica- 
yapi ; okahnih waste : popular 
instruction. 

popularity, n. A'taya wastedapi. 

popularly, adv. Oyate ekta; wa- 
stedaya. 

populate, vt. Oyate kahya uij'pi. 

population, n. 1. Wicasta ; oyate ; 
wicayawapi : a small popula- 
tion. 2. Oyata kagapi; wica- 
yuotapi. 

populous, a. Wicasta ozudai) ; wi- 
casta o'ta. 

porcelain, n. Kampeska. 

porch, n. Tiyopa aohaqziyapi. 

porcupine, n. Pahii). 

pore, n. Uka ondoka ; ohna temni 
hiyu. vi. Atanse kuwa. 

pork, n. Kukuse; wasii). Fresh 
pork, kukuse do. — Salt pork, 
kukuse sku'yeyapi. — Smoked 
pork, kukuse cosyapi. 

porker, n. Kukuse (ni ui)). 

porosity, n. Ohdohdoka. 

porousness, n. Woohdohdoka. 

porridge, n. Wozapi. Bice por- 
ridge, psin wozapi. 

port, n. Wi'tawata oinazin ; oihu- 
ni ; wi'tawatamazakai)tai)ka io- 
hdogyapi. 

portable, a. Toksupica; oyuha- 
waste ; toksupi waste. 

portage, n. Watoha. 

portal, n. Tiyopa ; oenape. 

portend, vt. Iwaktaya j wakokipe- 
kicaga. 

portentious, a. Wa'petokeca. 

porter, n. 1. Tiyopaawaijyake : 
the porter told me to come in. 
2. Caij'ohnaka kinkiyapi. 3. 
Miniwakai) sa'pa. 

portfolio, n. 1. Wowapiska oki- 
hnake. 2. Oecon wowapi ; wo- 
awanyake. The portfolio of 
war, akicita woawanyake. 

portico, n. Tiyopa aohanzi. 

portion, n. Wopamni ; oi)ge ; on- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



portionless 147 

spa. vt Kiyuspeya wicaku ; 
pamni ; ongege wicaku. 

portionless, a. Oijgedai) yuhesni. 

portly, a. Tan/ka ; okinihai) ; ni- 
getaqka: a portly old gentle- 
man. 

portmanteau, n. Wizipai). 

portrait, n. Iteowapi; wiciteka- 
gapi : my father's portrait 

portray, vt 1. Owa ; iteowa : por- 
tray a landscape. 2. Oyaka ; 
to'keca oyaka : hear Gough por- 
tray a drunkard. 

Portuguese, n. Portugal wieasta. 

pose, vt Na'ziijkiya ; anazii). 

poser, Waanaziij ; wanagiyeya. 

position, n. Oyanke ; oihduhe ; 
onazir). 

positive, a. Wicaka; wowicake; 
was'aka ; wicakeicida. A posi- 
tive benefit, woyuwaste wicaka. 
— Positive electricity t wakanhdi 
was'aka. — A positive woman, 
win/yai) wicakeicida. n. Oui) 
wowicake. 

positively, adv. A'wicakehai); i'ya- 
tayedai) ; yatii)sya. 

posse, n. Wicaka ; wicota. 

possess, vt Yuha ; toi) ; yiiheki- 
ya : I possess nothing. 

possession, n. Woyuha; ta'ku 
yuhapi ; ta'ku ta'wa. 

possessive, a. Ta'wayapi. 

possessor, n. Ta'waya ; wayuha. 

possibility, n. Okihipica ; naceca. 

possible, a. Okihipica ; (in com- 
position) -pica. It is not pos- 
sible to go, yepicasni. 

possibly, adv. 1. Naceca ; o'kini : 
possibly it mil rain. 2. To ken 
okihi ; to'ketu ceyas ; wokitan 
keyas. 

post, n. 1. Can/ipasdate : dig 
holes for the posts. 2. Onazin ; 
owanka ; ti'pi : a military post. 
3. Wieasta wowapi toksu. vt. 

1. Iyohpaya : post my letter. 

2. Tiaskamya; okatan : post 



potency 

the notice on the barn. 3. Na'- 
zinkiya; e'hde : post a sentinel. 
4. {Book-keeping) Oicazo yuwi- 
taya. 5. Sdonyekiya; onspe- 
kiya : I am not posted. 6. Dus 
ya. a. Ohauko : post haste. 

postage, n. Wokazuiu; wowapi- 
toksu wokazuzu. 

postage-stamp, n. Wiciteaskape. 

postal, a. Wowapi oatoksu. 

post-boy, n. Hoksidan wowapito- 
ksu. 

poster, n. 1. Woyaotaijin tiaskam- 
yapi : see the poster on the 
wall. 2. Tu'we inahni ya. 

posterior, a. Iyohakam ; ehake. 

posterity, n. Wicoicage ; wica- 
cinca. 

post-haste, adv. Inahni. 

post-horse, n. Sun/ktanka wowa- 
pitoksu. 

posthumous, a. Ta iyohakam tan- 
iij. Posthumous child, hoksiyo- 
pa atkuku ta iyohakam ton/pi. 

postman, n. Wowapitoksu. 

postmark, w. Wowapitoksu apu- 
spapi. 

postmaster, n. Wowapi oyuzuzu 
awanyaka. 

post-office, n. Wowapioyuzuzu. 
Post-office order, on ma'zaska 
icupi. 

post-paid, vt. Kazuzupi ; askam- 
yapi. 

postpone, vt Kihnaka; i'hakam 
e'hnaka. 

post-road, n. Wowapitoksu caijku. 

postscript, n. Ehake owa. 

posture, n. To'ken wanka ; warj- 
ka; na'zii) : his posture is bad. 

posy, n. Wahca ; odowanna. 

pot, n. Ce'ga ; ce'ga so'ka. vt 
Ce'ga ohnaka. 

potash, n. Cahota harjpi. 

potatoe, n. Mdo ; bdo ; bio. Sweet 
potatoe, mdo sku'ya. 

pot-bellied, a. Nigetanka. 

potency, n. Wookihi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



potent 148 

potent, a. Was'aka : waokihi. 

potentate, ft. Tu'we was'aka ; itai)- 
cai) ; wicastayatapi. 

potential, a. Wookihi yuha. 

potentially, adv. Waokihiya; na- 
ceca. 

potently, adv. Wae'agya. 

pothook, n. Cehwiynze. 

potion, n. Woyatke. 

potpourri, ft. Icahiohaqpi. 

potsherd, ft. Cehiihuga. 

pottage, ft. Tadoyuzapi ; wozapi. 

Pottawatomie, w. Putewata. 

potter, ft. Makacegakaga. vi. Ta'- 
ku ecoi) taqinsni ska*?. 

pottery, ft. Makacega. 

poach, n. Wozuha; wozuhadai). 
Tobacco-pouchy candozuha. — 
Shot-pouch y tasusuozuha. — Pel- 
ican's pouch, mde'ga tapo. 

poultice, ft. Ta'kucoco aehnakapi. 

poultry, w. Wahupakoza wanu- 
yaijpi. 

pounce, vt. Ihpaya. Pounce on y 
iyahpaya. 

pound, ft. 1. Tkeutapi ; otkeute : 
ten pounds of sugar. 2. Ma'za- 
ska Sagdasin. ta'wa : it cost ten 
pounds, vt. 1. Apa ; kasusuza : 
he pounds me with a club. 2. 
Bopai) ; kapai) ; kamdu : the 
woman was pounding corn. w. 
Ptewanuyaijpi okaske : he lock- 
ed tlie cow in the pound. 

pour, vt. Kastai) ; kada ; papson ; 
okada. Pour on water, mini 
okastan. — Pour out water, mini 
kastan. — Pour in water, mini 
okastan. — The wheat is pouring 
out, aguyapisu kadada. vi. 
Ni'na Myu ; dus ya. 

pout, vi. Iyokipisni ui) ; pute 
sinkiya. 

poverty, n. Wowahpanica ; wica- 
wahpanica ; kakizapi. 

powder, n. 1. Cahdi : powder and 
shot. 2. Ta'ku mdu : grind it 
to powder. 3. Pezuta apahta- 



praise 

pidan : take a powder every 
night, vt. 1. Pamdu ; mduya : 
powdered alum, 2. Akadada : 
powder the haw. 

powder-box, ft. Candiopiye. 

powder-flask, n. Cahdiozuha. 

powder-magazine, n. Cahdi woha. 

powder-mill, ft. Cahdiokage. 

power, w. Wowas'ake ; wookihi : 
the power of steam. 

powerful, a. Was'aka ; otantoi) ; 
wohitika. 

powerfully, adv. Ohitiya; was'a- 

powerless, a. Was'akesni ; wowa- 
s'ake ni'ca. 

powwow, w. Dowanpi; wapiya 
dowanpi ; Ikcewicasta owohda- 
ke. 

pox, n. Ohdi; itendohdoka. Small- 
pox, makosice itehdohdoka. 

practicable, a. Ecoijpica ; unpica. 

practical, a. Oecoi) waste ; akiho ; 
ecoi)pica. 

practically, adv. Oecoi) ekta. 

practice, ft. Woecon, ; wicohan. ; 
ohan. Difficult in practice, oe- 
coi) ekta tehike. — Practice 
makes perfect, woecoi) wowa- 
yupika ka'ga. — The practice of 
medicine, pezutawicasta woe- 
coi). vt. 1. Ecoi) ; econ ecee. 
— To practice fraud, wohnaye 
econ ecee. 2. Kuwa ; econ. — 
To practice law, wa'kiyapi wi- 
cohan kuwa. 3. Onspeiciciya ; 
ecewaktaiciya : to practice 
music. 

practician, n. Tu'we ecoi) ecee. 

practitioner, n. Woecon. 

prairie, ft. Tin/ta. 

prairie-dog, n. Pin spin za. 

prairie-chicken, n. Siyo. 

praise, n. Wowitai) ; woyatai). 
His praise, to'witai). vt. 1. Ya- 
tai) ; yaonihai) ; yawaste. — 
Praise God f Wakantanka ya- 
tai). — Praise the child, hoksiyo- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



praiseworthy 149 

Spa yawaste. 2. ( Of things) Ya- 
waste : he praised the country. 

praiseworthy, a. Yawastepica. 

prance, vi. Psi'psui ma'ni. 

prank, n. Woskate ; wowina 



prediction 



prate, vi. Ta'ku ka tan,h)sni ia. 
prattle, vi. Hoksiyopa se ia. 
prattler, n. Ie s'a. 




ecoqsni. 
prayer, n. Wocekiye; wakaijce- 

kiyapi ; a'wicakehai) da'pi. 
prayer-book, n. Wocekiye wo wapi. 
prayerful, a. Wacekiya ; wocekiye 

wasteda. 
prayerfully, adv. Wacekiyes'a. 
prayer-meeting, n. WoceMyeomni- 

ciye. 
praying, pa. Wacekiya ; waceki- 

yes'a. 
pre-, prefix. I'tokam. 
preach, vi. Wohdaka ; Wakaijtai)- 

ka oie oyaka; wahokoijwica- 

kiya. vt. Oyaka ; wahokonki- 

ya. — Preach the Gospel, Wo- 

taijii) waste oyaka. — Preach a 

sermon, wowahokonkiye eya. 
preacher, n. Wahokonwicakiya ; 

wacekiyewicasta. 
preaching, n. Wowahokonkiye. 
preamble, n. Kaitokam eyapi. 
precarious, a. To'ketu taninsni ; 

kitanyai). 
precaution, n. Wawitoi)papi ; woi- 

toqpe. 
precede, vt. Ftokam ya ; tokahai). 
precedence, n. Wotokahe. 
precedent, n. Wotokahe; canku- 

kaga. a. I'tokam ya. 
precentor, n. Dowanitancan. 
precept, n. Woope ; wowahokon- 

kiye. 
preceptor, n, Waonspekiya. 
precinct, n. Makobaspe. 
precious, a. O'tayawapi ; tehike. 



preciousness, n. TeMke ; wowa- 

ste. 
precipice, n. Maya. 
precipitable, a. Cetete ehpeye- 

pica. 
precipitant, n. Inahni ; to'ken 

okihi. 
precipitate, vt. Kun ehpeya; ina- 

hniya ; kahoiyeya. 
precipitately, adv. Inahniyai). 
precipitation, n. Woinahni ; ohiij- 

he ; mini hinhe. 
precipitous, a. Maya ; a'pamahde ; 

inahni. 
precipitously, adv. Inahniyan. 
precise, a. Basmipi *. iyehantu 

ecoi) ; tkon/zedan. 
precisely, adv. Hehantudanhin ; 

iyehantudanhin ; ohnahca. 
precision, n. Woecetu. 
preclude, vt. Anapta ; nataka. 
precocious, a. Oicahkokedan ; ko- 

hanna wacinksapa. 
precocity, n. Wokokedai) ; woksa- 

pe ohanko. 
preconceive, vt. Ftokam iyukcai). 
preconcert, vt. I'tokam kici yu- 
stai). 
preconcerted, pa. I'tokam kici 

eya. 
precursor; n. Ftokam ya; wowa- 

kta. 
predatory, a. Wamanoi) ; wawiya- 

hpaye. 
predecessor, n. Watokahe ; wi'ci- 

tokam ya. 
predestinate, vt. Wakiconza ; i'to- 
kam yustai). 
predestine, vt. I'tokam yustai). 
predetermine, vt. I'tokam waki- 
conza. 
predicable, a. Eyepica. 
predicament, n. Out) ; oyanke. 
predicate, vt. Icazeyate ; oyaka. 

n. (Gram.) To'ken icazeya- 

tapi. 
predict, vt. I'tokam oyaka ; ayate. 
prediction, n. Woayate. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



predispose 

predispose, vt. I'tokam awaciijya ; 

i'tokam caqku ki'caga. 
predominate, vi. V wankam un ; ka- 

peya ; wowidagya. 
preeminence, n. Wotokahe. 
preeminent, a. Iyotai) ; tokahai). 
preeminently, adv. Iyotaijyai) ; iyo- 
tai). 
preempt, vt. Makoce icu; toka- 

heya icu ; anica. 
preengage,vt. I'tokam icu kta eya. 
preexist, vi. I'tokam ni. 
preexistence, n. I'tokam ni pi. 
preface, n. Otokahe iapi ; i'tokam 

yaotai)ii)pi. vt. I'tokam eya. 
prefect, n. Wa'waijyake. 
prefer, vt. Fwankam e'hnaka ; ka- 

nniga ; ch) ; iyokipi. 
preferable, a. Kahnihpica. 
preference, n. Kahnigapi; tukte 

cin/pi. 
preferment, n. Warjkan e'hna- 

kapi. 
prefigure, vt. Wi'yaciijyan, ayata. 
prefix, vt. I'tokam e'hnaka. 
pregnancy, n. Cincaikpihnakapi. 
pregnant, a. Ihdusaka ; ta'ku o'ta 

ikoyake ; tke. 
prehistoric, a. Hehanyai) woya- 

kapi wanica ; wanakaza. 
prejudge, vt. I'tokam yaco ; taij- 

yaijnahoijsni yaco. 
prejudice, n. Wowiyukcan nmii) ; 

woyusice. vt. Sanina wi'yu- 

kcankiya ; tawacii) yutokeca. 
prejudicial, a. Wayutokeca; wa- 

yusica. 
prelacy, n. Woitancai) ; wicasta 

wakaij itancaqpi. 
prelate, n. Wicastawakantanka. 
preliminary, a. I'tokam wanka; 

i'tokam; otokaheya. n. O'to- 

kaheya wicohai). 
prelude, n. I'tokam ecoijpi. 
premature, a. Iyehantusni ; iye- 
hantusni suton ; kohanna. 
prematurely, adv. I'tokam ; kohai] ; 

nahanh iyehantusni. 



150 pres'ent 

premeditate, vt. Kohan awacin. 
premeditation, n. I'tokam awa- 

ciijpi. 
premier, n. Tokaheyaitancai). 
premise, vt. Iapi oaehde ka'ga. 
premium, n. 1. Ta'ku ohiyapi : 

what is the premium. 2. Ma'za- 

ska odotapi wokazuzu. 
premonition, n. Wowakta. 
preoccupancy, n. Tokaheya yu- 

hapi. 
preoccupy, vt. I'tokam yuha. 
preparation, n. Yuwiyeyapi ; pii- 

ciyapi ; piyapi. 
preparatory, a. On yuwiyeyapi; 

en piwicayapi. 
prepare, vt. Yuwiyeya; piya e'hna- 
ka; piya. vi. Yuwiyeya; pii- 

ciya. 
prepay, vt. I'tokam kazuzu. 
prepayment, n. I'tokam kazuzupi. 
preponderance, n. I'akam tke. 
preposition, n. Iapi i'tokam un ; 

o'takuye iapi. 
prepossess, vt. I'tokam awaciijya ; 

i'tokam yuha; woawacin ozu- 

danya. 
preposterous, a. Yuicinsniyaij; iye- 

cetusni. 
prerogative, n. Wicohai). 
presage, vt. I'tokam oyaka. 
presbyter, n. Hunkayapi. 
Presbyterian, n. Okodakiciyewa- 

kan obe wanzi; Huijkaitai)- 

caijpi. 
presbytery, n. Presbyterian wica- 

stawakan. omniciye. 
prescience, n. I'tokam sdonyapi. 
prescribe, vt. Econsi ; wowiyukcan 

ku. 
prescription, n. Woecon ; wowi- 
yukcan. 
presence, w. En un'pi ; itohnake. 

— In the presence of i'tokam. 

— Presence of mind, tawacii) 

mde'za. 
pres'ent, a. 1. En un ; o'peya un. 

— I am present, en waui). 2. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



present 1 



151 



preteroaturaUy 



De ; dehan ; dehantu. — The 
present age, wicoicage de. 3. 
(Gram.) Dehantu. n. 1. Ta'ku 
kicicupi ; woitunan : I send you 
a present 2. Wowapi : know 
all men by these presents. 

present 7 , vt. £u; itukihai). — He 
presented me this book, wowapi 
de maku. 2. Pazo : i'tokam 
e'hde : he presented himself. — 
Present arms, wi'pe kipazo. — 
Present the name, cazeyata ; 
caze pazo. 

presentable, a. Pazopica ; kupica. 

presentation, n. Pazopi ; yutan- 
inpi. 

presentiment, n. 1'tokam wasdon- 
yapi ; waMhdecapi. 

presently, adv. Ecadan ; to'kesta. 

presentment, n. Kipazopi; kecinpi. 

preservation, n. Tan/yai) yuhapi ; 
niyanpi. 

preservative, n. On waniyanpi. 

preserve, vt. Tanyai) yuha; ni- 
kiya ; nwin'ktesni yuha : pre- 
serve the king. — Preserve fruit , 
waskuyeca nwin/sni hna'kapi. 
Laws to preserve game, wama- 
kaakan so'te kte sni woope. 

preserves, n. Waskuyeca kuke kte 
sni yuzapi. 

preside, vi. Itancax) i'yotanka; 
awaijyaka. 

presidency, n. Woitancan ; wowan- 
yake. 

president, n. Itancan ; omniciye 
yuha; Tuijkansidan. 

presidential, a. ltancan ta'wa. 

press, vt. 1. PasfcLca; yuskica; 
kaskica ; iyahdaskica : press 
out the juice. 2. Patan econ- 
kiya ; i'yopastake : lie pressed 
me to go. 3. Ni'na kuwa ; ni'na 
cinkiya : he pressed him with the 
truth, vi. Wakitax); wawiyo- 
pastaka : press on to glory, 
n. 1. Wi'caskicej wi'patan. — 
A hay-press, pezi-icaakica. 2. 



Wowapi ahdihpeyapi : a small 
printing press. 3. Wotanin wo- 
wapi : the press is mighter than 
the sword. 4. Wokihnake : a 
clotlies press. 5. Woiyopasta- 
ke : in the press of business. 
6. Wicota; kicipatitanpi. 

pressing,^. Wawiyopastake; wa- 
inahni. 

pressingly, adv. Ni'na. 

pressman, n. Wowapiahdihpeye. 

pressure, n. Wokaskice; woiyo- 
pastake ; tke; wopatitan. 

presswork, n. Wowapi ahdihpa- 
yapi ; wowapi puspapi. 

prestige, n. Wowiyutanye ; wo- 
was'ake. 

presto, adv. Oftanko ; inahni. 

presumable, a. Ecinpica. 

presumably, adv. Iyecetuka. 

presume, vi. 1. Ecin; kecin. — I 
presume, kepca. — Youpresume, 
kecani. 2. Sdonyekonza; ta- 
watenya. 

presumption, n. 1. Eeinpi ; kecin- 
pi ; wowiyukcan. 2. Wowitko- 
tkoka ; wi'yukcanani. 

presumptive, a. Wi'yukcanpica. 

presumptively, adv. Wi'yukcan- 
yai) ; eeinpi iyececa. 

presumptuous, a. Econktehca ; wo- 
hitika; sdonya econ. 

presuppose, vt. Ptokamecin. 

presupposition, n. I'tokam eeinpi 

pretend vt. Kon/za ; ecaecon ; 
wicakesni skai) : he pretended 
to be sick. 

pretender, n. Wicahnayan. 

pretense, n. Kon/zapi; wicahmuij- 
kapi : wohnaye ; ecaeconpi. 

pretension, n. Ta'wa kon'zapi ; wa- 
haijicida. 

pretentions, a. Ta'kuicida. 

preterit, a. (Oram.) He'kta ; yu- 
stanpi. 

preternatural, a. To'keca; wa- 
kanse. 

preternatnrally, adv. Togye ; ni'na. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



pretext 



152 



prime 



pretext, n. Wokonze ; woakahpe. 

prettily, adv. Wasteya; yupiya; 
oiyokipiya. 

prettiest, a. sup. Iyotaijwaste. 

prettlness, n. Wowaste ; woiyo- 
kipi. 

pretty, a. Waste ; wasteka ; owan- 
yagwaste : what a pretty flower . 
adv. Ki'tanna ; ahecenya : 
pretty good. 

prevail, vi. 1. Ohiya: Israel pre- 
vailed. 2. I'yakapeya; ohiya: 
he prevailed in the council. 3. 
Econkiya ; cin'sni ecoi)kiya : 
they prevailed on him to go. 4. 
Yuha ; econ : the custom pre- 
vails in India. 

prevailing, pa. 1. Was'aka ; ohiya : 
prevailing prayer. 2. O'hinni 
kinin he'ceca ; iyotan o'ta : the 
prevailing winds. 

prevalence, n. Wankan un ; wa- 
s'agya un ; ni'na ececa. 

prevalent, a. Ni'na ececapi ; tan'- 
kaya un ; was'aka. 

prevaricate, vi. Eciijsni oyaka; 
yatokeca. 

prevarication, n. Wayatokecapi ; 
woyatokeca. 

prevaricator, n. Ecinsni oyaka. 

prevent, vt. Kagiya ; kaseya ; oki- 
hisniya ; anapta. 

preventable, a. Anaptepica. 

prevention, n. Anaptapi ; waana- 
ptapi. 

preventive, n. Woanapte. 

previous, a. I'tokam ; tokaheya. 

previously, adv. I'tokam. 

prey, n. Ta'wa; waahdipi; wa- 
kipi. vi. Wabotica ; wamanon. 

price, n. Wokazuzu ; iyawapi ; 
iyuwin ; Y. wi'si : the price of 
toil. — Without price f iyuwin co- 
dai). — What is the price, token 
iyawapi he. 

priceless, a. Yawapicasni. 

prick, n. 1. Wi'cape ; ta'ku pe ; 
ta'ku pe'sto : kick the pricks. 



2. Capapi; capapa; wocapa. 
vt. Capa; icam e'hde. — He 
pricked me, camapa. — Prick a 
knife into the ground, maka en 
isan icam hde. — Pricked to the 
heart, cante icapa. — Pricked up 
his ears, nakpa kabosdata. 

pricker, n. Wi'cape. 

pricking, n. Capapa. 

prickle, n. Wi'cape ; in/kpa. 

prickly, a. Pepe ; pespesto. — 
Prickly-pear, unkcekoeka. 

pricky, a. Pepe. 

pride, w. 1. Wowahanicida ; wa- 
hanicidapi ; wamnaicidapi ; wa- 
tankaicidapi : pride goeth be- 
fore destruction. 2. Wowiyu- 
skii) ; woiwinkta : James takes 
pride in keeping fat horses. 3. 
Wowinkta ; wowahanicida : the 
pride of his father, vt. (With 
the reflexive pronoun.) Iwin- 
kta ; iwahanicida. 

prier, n. Wa'kites'a ; waasdaye. 

priest, n. Wawayusna; wicasta- 
wakan; T. wakancekiya ; (Bom. 
Cath.) sinasapa; cuwignake- 
sapa. 

prim, a. Wayuco ; stosto. vt. Ayu- 
co ka'ga ; pastosto. 

primacy, n. O'tokahe ; woitancan. 

prima-donna, n. Win'yan dowani- 
tancan. 

prima facie, a. Taninyai) un ; ite 
akan un. 

primary, a. O'tokahe ; tokahan : 
primary schools. — A matter of 
primary importance, ta'ku kin 
woawacin o'tokahe hca. 

primate, n. Tokaheya itancan. 

prime, a. Tokahan ; iyotan ; itan- 
can ; itancan. — Prime mover, 
iyotan kuwa.— Prime number, 
wayawapi kiyuspepicasni. n. 
O'tokahe ; iyotan waste ; hehan 
wastepi; hehanyan was'ak*. — 
He died in his prime, iyotai) 
was'aka hehan ta. vt. 1. Cahdi 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



primer 

no'ge akada : prime a gun. 2. 

Tokaheya iun : prime the house 

with oil. 3. Oijspekiya ; ozuya. 
primer, n. 1. Wowapi tokaheya ; 

A-B-C wowapi. 2. Ma'zaahdi- 

hpeyapi ocaze. 
primeval, a. O'tokahe. 
priming, n. 1. No'ge iyopuhdi; 

no'ge iokadapi : the priming of 

the gun. 2. Tokaheya iunpi. 
primitive, a. O'tokahe ; ehanna : 

a primitive church. — A primitive 

style of dress, heyake okage 

ehanna. 
primitively, adv. O'tokaheya. 
primly, adv. Yucoya ; yupiya. 
primness, n. Wayuco. 
primp, vt. Heyake hduwitan. 
prince, n. Itaucan ; itancanciuca. 
princely, a. Itancanse; itaijcai) 

iyecen. 
princess, n. Win'yai) itaijcai) ; 

itancancinca win/yai). 
principal, n. Tokahekiyapi ; iyo- 

tai). a. Tokahan. 
principality, n. Woitai)cai) ; woa- 

wai)yake. 
principally, acfv. Iyotanyai). 
principle, n. O' tokaheya woonspe ; 

o'hutkan ; woawaciij. 
print, vt. Ma'zaonowa ; oweka'ga. 

n. Owapi; owe; oi) owapi; 

icahtake. Small print, oowa 

ci'stinna. — The print of his 

foot, siha owe kii). 
printer, n. Ma'zaehde; ma'zaa- 

hdihpeye ; ma'za oi) wowapi 

ka'ga. 
printing, n. Ma'za oi) wowapi ka'- 

gapi. — Printing office, wowapi 

okage. — Printing press, ma'- 

zaahdihpeyapi. 
prior, a. I'tokam ; tokaheya. 
priority, n. Wotokahe. 
prison, n. Wokasketipi; owica- 

kaske. 
prisoner, n. Tu'we kaskapi; ka- 
skapi. 



153 probate 

pristine, a. O'tokahe ; ehanna. 

privacy, n. Wonahbe. 

private, a. 1. Isnana ta'wa; wi- 
citawa. — Private property, wo- 
yuha wicitawa. — Private secre- 
tary, wowapikaga i'atayedan 
ta'wa. Nahmanpi ; tuwedai) 
en i sni : a private room. 3. 
Ikceya un ; ikceka ; itancai)- 
sni : a private soldier. 4. Tu- 
wedai) sdonye sni; nahmana 
econpi. 5. I'yatayedan : his 
private property, n. Akicita 
ikceka ; ta'ku nahmanpi. 

privately, adv. 1. Nahmanna : he 
did it privately. 2. I'yataye- 
dan : he was privately benefited. 

privateness, n. Wonahbe; wici- 
tawa. 

privation, n. Wokakize ; kakisya- 
pi : wakipi ; wicawanica. 

privilege, w. Ta'kn ta'wa; towi- 
yuskin ; wookihi ; ecatawapi. — 
It is my privilege to call him 
father, ate ewakiye kta he mi- 
towiynskin. 

privileged, a. WoiyowinMye yu- 
hapi. 

privily, a. Nahmanna. 

privy, n. Tankantipi. a. 1. Sdon- 
ya. 2. Isnana ta'wa : a privy 
purse. 3. Tuwedai) en i sni; 
nahmanpi : a privy chamber. 

priie, n. Ta'ku ohiyapi; okipe; 
woohiye ; wakipi ; ta'ku tehika. 
— A prize medal, wanapiu ohi- 
yapi. Prize money, ma'zaska 
ohiyapi. vt. 1. Tehinda.— I 
prize the book highly, wowapi 
ni'na tewahinda. 

probability, n. Woiyecetu; se'e- 
ceca. 

probable, a. Iyececa ; he'cetu kta 
se'ca ; se'ececa. 

probably, adv. Naceca ; iteka; se'- 
ececa. 

probate, n. Yuwicakapi. Probate 
court, waihpeyapi woyasu. 



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probation 



154 



profession 



probation, n. Iwicayutapi; iyn- 

teya econwieakiyapi. 
probationary, a. Iyutekiyapi. 
probe, vt. Ma'aa ohnahna iyeya ; 

pakota. n. Wi'pakote. 
probity, n. Woowotanna; wowa- 

ste yuwicakapi. 
problem, n. Wowiyukcan ; woe- 

con ; woiwan&e. 
problematic, a. Iyukcaijpica ; to'- 

ketu taninani. 
proboscis, n. Para. 
procedure, n. Oaye ; ocanku ; wo- 

kuwa. 
proceed, vi. 1. Iyaye ; iyoopta ya : 

he proceeded on his journey. 

2. Hiyu ; hinanpa. 
proceeding, pa. Iyaya; iyopte. 

He is proceeding, iyopte. n. 

Woecon ; wicohan. — Bead the 

proceedings of the meeting, 

omniciye woecoi) yawa. — An 

illegal proceeding, wicohan wo- 

ope ohna ani. 
proceeds, n. Wokamna ; woicage. 
process, n. 1. Woecon ; wokuwa : 

the process of making bread. 

2. Oiyopte; yeye. — In the pro- 

cess of time, un'hanketa. 
procession, n. 1. I'ciyaza omani- 

pi. — A funeral procession, wi- 

cahnag ya'pi. 2. Woiyopte; 

ohiyaye. 
proclaim, vt. E'yanpaha ; oyaka ; 

yaotai)ii) : proclaim war. 
proclamation, n. Eyanpahapi ; wo- 

yakapi : thanksgiving proclama- 
tion. 
proclivity, n. Woiyutanye ; wowa- 

yupika. 
procrastinate, vt. Yutehan ; kihna- 

kes'a. 
procrastination, n. Yutehaijpi. 
procurable, a. Iyeyepica ; icu- 

pica. 
procure, vt. Okini ; icu ; kamna : 

he procured three doctors, 
procurer, n. Wawihni j ki'cicuwa. 



prod, vt. Pazipa ; pazim kuwa. 

prodifal, a. Wayusota; waihan- 
gya : the prodigal son. 

prodigality, n. Wayusotapi; wa- 
wihangyapi. 

prodigious, a. Tan'ka; hin'sko- 
tanka ; wa'petokeca ; a pro- 
digious ox. 

prodigiously, adv. Wowinihanyan ; 
nina: he grew prodigiously. — He 
laughed prodigiously, ni'naiha. 

prodigy, n. Wowapetokeca. 

produce', vt. 1. Icahya ; aicaftya : 
this ground produces corn well. 
2. Yutanin; pazo; hiyuya : 
produce the evidence. 3. Ka'ga : 
vice produces misery. 

prod oce, n. Ta'ku icahyapi; woi- 
cage ; wokage. 

producer, n. Waicahye ; tu'we ta'- 
ku ka'ge ; wakamna. 

product, n. 1. Woicage ; wokage ; 
ta'ku ka'ge; ta'toi icage. 2. 
(Math.) O'yuwitaya. 

production, n. 1. Ka'gapi ; yutan- 
iijpi : the production of tin. 2. 
Ta'kukagapi ; ta'kuicahya : tJie 
productions of the earth. 3. Yu- 
hanskapi. 

profanation, n. Ohodapiani; ta'- 
kuanikiyapi. 

profane, a. 1. Ikceka x. ikce : a 
profane author* 2. Waohoda- 
ani. vt. Ta'ku Wakai) ohoda- 
ani ; ohoda&ni : profane the Sab- 
bath. 

profanely, adv. Ohodaaniyai). 

profaneness, n. Waohodapisni. 

profaner, n. Waohodaani. 

profanity, n. Waohodapisni. 

profess, vt. Ohdaka ; en ihdutan- 
in ; he'ca keiciya. 

professed, a. Ihdaotanin ; tanin- 
yan un. 

professedly, adv. I ye ohdaka. 

profession, n. 1. Oihdakapi ; ihdu- 
taninpi; keiciyapi. 2. Wico- 
han ; woakinciye : the profession 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



professional 155 

of a doctor. 3. Okodakiciye; 
oskinciye. 

professional* a. Woskinciye ta 7 - 
wa ; wowayupika ; he'ca. 

professionally, adv. Oskinciye eci- 
yatanhai). 

professor, n. 1. Wooqspewankan- 
tu waoijspekiya : the professor 
of Greek. 2. Je'sus o'pa ; wa- 
kancekiya. 

professorship, n. Waons ekiya 
wicohai). 

proffer, vt. Hiyukiya ; ku kta 
keya. 

proficiency, n. Wookihi ; wowayu- 
pika ; wosdonye. 

proficient, a. Wayupika ; waakino. 

proficiently, adv. Wayupiya. 

profile, n. Ohomni owapi ; wicite 
hdakinyai) owapi. 

profit, n. 1. Wokamna ; aicage : 
the profit is ten dollars. 2. Iwi- 
eawastepi; woiyokihi; woka- 
mna : there is profit in exercise, 
vt. Okieiwaste ; kamna : it prof- 
ited him ten dollars, vi. Iwa- 
ste; wi'yokihi. 

profitable, a. Wakamna; wi'yo- 
kihi ; wayuwaste. 

profitably, adv. Yuwasteya ; tan/- 
yai). 

profitless, a. Wokamna co'dai). 

profligacy, n. Woyusice. 

profligate, n. Sinya ohaqye ; wai- 
hai)gya. 

profound, a. Mahentu ; wicaka. 

profoundly, adv. Mahentuya. 

profoundness, n. Omahentu. 

profuse, a. Iyakicu ; pan/ga ; ohai)- 
pi ; aokageca. 

profusely, adv. Iyakicuya. 

profuseness, w. Wokageca. 

profusion, n. Woptecasni ; o'ta. 

progenitor, n. Hunkake. 

progeny, n. Cinca. 

prognosticate, vt. Oyaka ; ayata. 

program, programme, w. Woecoi)- 
oyaka ; omniciye wowapi. 



promontory 

progress, n. Woiyopte ; iyoptapi. 
progress 7 , vi. Iyopte ; sam ya. 
progression, n. Woiyopte; woi- 

cage. 
progressive, a. Iyopte ; wakitai) ; 

sam okihiwacii). 
prohibit, vt. Anapta ; tehinda : 

prohibit the sale of liquor. 
prohibition, n. Watehindapi ; waa- 

naptapi ; miniwakai) anaptapi. 
prohibitive, a. Waanapta. 
prohibitory, a. Waanapta. 
project, n. Wowiyukcai); woe- 
con. 
project 7 , vt. 1. Pasdohan iyeya; 

hiyuya; ehpeya. — He projected 

the roof, awakeya sam hiyuya. 

2. Iyukcan : project a plan. 3. 

Icazo ; sam owa : project the 

lines, vi. Hiyu ; sam hiyu : it 

projects afoot. 
projectile, n. Ta'ku yeyapi; wa- 

yeyapi ; wanhiqkpe ; ma'zasu. 
projector, n. Ka'ga ; wi 7 yukcai). 
prolific, a. Waicahya ; ta'ku o'ta 

icahya ; cincota. 
prolix, a. Han/ska; ehaes hai) 7 - 

ska ; aokaga ; iapi ecewii)ota. 
prologue, n. Owohdake otokahe. 
prolong, vt. Yuhanska. 
promenade, vi. Ihduzin omani. 
prominence, n. Wookitaijin ; wo- 

waijkantuya ; paha. 
prominent, a. Okitai)ii). 
prominently, adv. Okitanhjyan. 
promiscuous, a. Tcicahi; token- 

cinyai). 
promiscuously, adv. Fcicahiya. 
promise, n. 1. Wahoyapi ; wowa- 

hoye : the promise of God. 2. 

Wowaciijye ; waste kta iyect n 

unpi. vt. Wahoya ; iwahoya ; 

keya; ku kta eya; se'ca : the 

Agent promised me a wagon. — 

The clouds promise rain. 
promising, a. Waste kta se'ca. 
promissory, a. Ecoi) kta oyaka. 
promontory, n. Ipa ; makoce ipa. 



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promote 156 

promote, vt. 1. Icahya; o'kiya; 
i'yopastake : promote education. 
2. Yuwankantuya ; warjkan 
e'hnaka : promoted to the next 
class. 

promoter, n. Waicahya; wao- 
kiya. 

promotion, n. Yuwankantuyapi. 

promotive, a. Waokiya. 

prompt, a. Iyehan ecoi) ; ohanko ; 
katinyai). — Prompt attendance, 
iyehan hi'pi. — Prompt obe- 
dience, katinyai) anagoptanpi. 
— Prompt orders, ecorjwicaki- 
yapi ohanko. vt. Econkiya ; 
okiyaka : prompt him to go. 

prompter, n. Tu'we econkiya ; tu'- 
we okiyaka. 

promptly, adv. Ohankoya ; ko- 
har) na ; iyehanyai) . — A nswer 
promptly, kohanna ayupta. — 
Ring the bell promptly , iyehai)- 
yan wohda. 

promptness, n. Iyehan econpi; 
woiyehantu ; owicahankopi. 

prong, n. O'inkpa ; oadetka ; oha- 
ka. 

pronged, a. Ohaka ; gangata. 

pronoun, n. (Gram.) Wocaze e'e- 
kiya. 

pronounce, vt. E'ya ; e'napeya ; 
ecen e'ya : pronounce distinctly. 
— I can't pronounce it, ecen epa 
owakihisni. — He pronounced 
the dollar a counterfeit, ma'za- 
ska he wohnaye keya. 

pronounceable, a. Ecen eyepica. 

pronounced, a. Okitanin ; wowi- 
cake. 

pronouncer, n. To'ken eyapi 
oyaka. 

pronunciation, n. E'napeyapi ; oe- 
nape ; iapi oenape. 

proof, n. On yuwicakapi ; woiyu- 
te ; on to ketu sdonyapi : he 
gave no proof of his sincerity. 
a. 1. On yuwicakapi : a proof 
sheet; a proof text. 2. Okihi- 



proportion 

picasni ; wakahdokesni : bullet 
proof 

proofless, a. Yuwicakapi wanica. 

prop, vt. Ipatan e'hde. n. Ipa- 
tan ; ipatake. 

propagate, vt. 1. Icahya: prop- 
agate religion. 2. Sam icahya ; 
cincatonkiya : propagate buf- 
falo. 
J propagation, n. Waicahyapi. 
I propel, vt. Iyayeya ; iyopteya : 
powder propels tlie balls. — The 
I boat is propelled by steam, wata 

kin minipo kir| on iyopte. 
I propeller, n. Waiyopteya ; wa'ta- 
! yusdohan. 

propensity, n. Woiyutanye. 

proper, a. 1. Wahehantu; owo- 
tai)na : proper conduct. 2. Wi- 
citawa ; iyecetu : water is the 
proper place for a fish. 3. 
(Gram). I'yatayedan ; isnaua 
ta'wa. 

properly, adv. Tanyan ; yucoya. 

property, n. 1. Woyuha : that 
horse is my property. 2. Wo- 
tokeca ; on wasdonyapi : sweet- 
ness is a property of sugar. 

prophecy, n. Wokcanpi ; woayate. 

prophesy, vt. Ay at a ; iyukcai) : 
prophesies the destruction of 
Jerusalem, vi. Woyaka : John 
prophesied. 

prophet, n. Waayate; wicasta- 
wokcan. 

prophetess, n. Win'yan waayate. 

prophetic, a. Waayate ; wakcanka. 

prophetically, adv. Wakcanyai). 

propitiate, vt. Canwasteya ; yu- 
waste ; awacinkiya ; ta'ku ku. 

propitiation, n. Wokazuzu ; yuwa- 
fctepi. 

propitiator, n. Wakazuzu ; wayu- 
waste. 

propitiatory, a. Wakazuzupi. 

propitious, a. Owasteca ; waste 
kta iteka ; wayuwaste. 

proportion, n. Oiyute ; iyekicetu. 



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proportional 



157 



protest 



proportional, a. Iyekicetu ; i'cide- 
hantu. 

proportionally, adv. I'ciwanyagya. 

proposal, n. Woiwanyake ; wawi- 
wangapi ; to'ken econ kta oya- 
kapi. — Proposals for building a 
house, ti'pi to'ken ka'ge kta 
oyaka. — He made proposals of 
marriage, wakanyuze kta ke- 
oiya. 

propose, vt. 1. Iwanyagdi ; caze- 
yata: he proposed to Mr. Jones 
to come. 2. Iwanyaka; awa- 
cii). I propose to tell you. vi. 
1. Wi'yukcan ; eoonwaein : man 
proposes, God disposes. 2. Wa- 
kanyuze kta eoiya : Mr. Jones 
proposed to Miss Smith. 

proposer, n. Wawiwaijga. 

proposition, n. 1. Woiwaijga ; iapi 
iwanyagwicadipi : propositions 
of peace. 2. Wowicada ; iapi 
ihduotaninpi : the propositions 
of Calvin. 3. Woeye ; iapi iwo- 
hdakapi : the proposition is, if 
liquor is injurious, it ought to be 
prohibited. 

propound, vt. Iapi e'hnaka ; iwan- 
yagdi ; e'hnaka. 

proprietary, a. Woyuha ta'wa; 
ta'wa. 

proprietor, n. Ta'wa ; yuhe oil). 

propriety, n. Woiyokipi : observe 
the proprieties of society. 

pro rata, adv. Iyawa ; i'akidecen. 

prorogue, vt. Enakiyewicaya. 

prosaic, a. Tke ; wawihahasni. 

proscribe, vt. Enpeya : yutokan ; 
he'cetu&ni eya ; t© kta yacopi. 

proscription, n. Ehpeyapi ; \e kta 
owapi. 

prose, n. Iapi ikceka; iapi ka- 
tinyan. 

prosecute, vt. 1. Kuwa : prosecu- 
ting his studies. 2. Kuwa ; aia : 
he is prosecuted for murder. 

prosecution, n. Euwapi ; aiapi. 

prosecutor, n. Kuwa ; aia. 



proselyte, vt. Iwioacu; okodaki- 
ciye to'keca etanhai) iwicacu ; 
titokai) wicaki. n. Nakaha ti- 
tokai) ki'pi. 

proselytisu,n. Titokai) awioayapi. 

pro-slavery, a. Wayaka yuhapi 
he'cetu da'pi. 

prospect, n. 1. Wowanyake ; ma- 
koce owaijyake ; e'tonwanpi. 
2. Makoce iteowapi : the pros- 
pect from the hilUtop. 3. Iteka : 
a prospect of rain. 4. Tokata 
to'ketu kta ; tokata owanyake : 
his prospects are good. vt. Ode ; 
iwanyaka : prospect the hills for 
gold. vi. Waode. 

prospective, a. Tokata iwanya- 
kapi. 

prosper, vt. O'kiya ; yuwaSte. vi. 
Tanyan nn ; wa'pi. 

prosperity, n. Wotanyai) ; wa'- 
pipi. 

prosperous, a. Tan/yai) iyopte ; 
wa'pi. 

prosperously, adv. Tan'yai). 

prostitute, vt. Ta'ku si'ca en ku : 
prostitute his talents, n. Wi- 
tkowin. 

prostitution, n. Wiij'yai) wi'yopei- 
eiyapi; ta'ku Si'ca en icicupi. 

prostrate, a. Waqkahai) ; makata. 
— Makata wanka, lies prostrate, 
vt. Makata ehpeya ; yuwanka ; 
yutakuniSni. 

prostrated, a. Wankahan. 

prostration, n. Yuwankapi ; wota- 
kunisni. 

prosy, a. Tke ; iapi otoza. 

protect, vt. Anakiksii) ; akahpa ; 
awanyaka : protect your chil- 
dren. — Protect yourself from 
cold, osni etanhai) aihdahpa. 

protectingly, adv. Awanyagya. 

protection, n. Woawaijyake ; wo- 
winape ; woakahpe ; o'kiyapi. 

protector, ». Waawanyake. 

protest', vi. Awicakehan i'eni- 
yeya. 



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protest 



158 



prudential 



pro test, n. I'eniyeyapi ; a'wieake- 

nan eyapi ; wicadapisni. 
Protestant,*!. Sinasapa Ateyapi, 

Pope, he itancan yuha wicada . 

sni. 
protract, vt Yuhanska ; yutehan : 
protract the meeting. — Pro- 
tracted meeting, aijpetu iyohi 

wacekiyapi. 
protrude, vt. Inapeya. vi. Hina- 

pa ; hiyu : his tongue protrudes. 
protuberance, n. Po ; paiowanka. 
protuberant, a. Pazowanka. 
proud, a. 1. Wanaijicida: a proud 

race. 2. Iwinkta ; iyuskii) : 

proud of his horse. 3. Wowi- 

tan ; tan'ka ; ohitika : proud 

titles. 
proudly, adv. Wananicidaya ; wo- 

witanya. 
prove, vt. 1. Yuwicaka : prove 

what you say. 2. Iyuta : prove 

the strength of the wagon, vi. 

Tanin. 
proven, a. Yuwicakapi. 
provender, n. Wanuyanpi tawo- 

yute ; pezjj woyute. 
proverb, n. Woksape wicoie ; wi- 

coiewakan ; wi'yacinpi. 
proverbial, a. Wicoie eyapis'a; 

eyapi oee. 
proverbially, adv. A'taya sdonya- 

pi ; eca. 
provide, vt. Eamna ; kuwa ; wi'- 

yeya e'hnaka; ihni. — Provide 

for his children, ciijca wicaki- 

cicamna. 
provided, conj. Ehantanhan ; kin- 

hai). 
providence, n. 1. Woawai)yake ; 

woihni : he has no providence 

for his family. 2. n. pr. Wa- 

kai)tai)ka. 
provident, a. Wawihni; wi'yeya 

hna'ka ; wakpatai) : a provident 

husband. 
providential, a. Ta'kuwakai) etai)- 

han. 



providentially, adv. Ta'kuwakai) 
oi) ; taijyai) ; wa'piya. 

providently, adv. Wakpatanyan ; 
ksamyahan. 

provider, n. Wakamna. 

province, n. 1. Woawanyake ; wi- 
conan : it is not my province to 
act as judge. 2. Makoce; ma- 
kobaspe : the provinces of Co- 
nada. 3. Tohaijyan akai) ; ta'ku 
iyowaza: the province of poetry. 

provincial, a. Makoba&pe; a'ta- 
yasni ; isnana ta'wapi. 

provincialism, n. Iapi tiospaye 
wanzidan un'pi ; iapincesni. 

provision, n. 1. Yuwiyeyapi ; woi- 
hni : make provision for a big 
crowd. 2. Woyute ; waneya : 
provisions for the journey, vt. 
Woyute ku : provision the sol- 
diers. 

provisional, a. Inannikagapi. 

proviso, n. Wokase. 

provocation, n. Wonagiyeya ; wo- 
iyopastake. 

provoke, vt. Nagiyeya ; canzeya ; 
waciukoya ; i'yopastake. 

provoked, pa. Sinhda. 
* provoker, n. Wawiyopastake. 

provoking, a. Wacanzeka ; wacin- 
iyowicakisice. 

prow, n. Wa'taipa ; watokapa. 

prowess, n. Wowaditake ; woohi- 
tika. 

prowl, vt. Nanman omani; na- 
hman ode. 

prowler, n. Nahmai) omani. 

proximate, a. Ikiyedai) ; o'kihe. 

proximity, n. Kiyedai). 

proxy, n. E'ekiya woecon. 

prudence, n. Woksape; wopakan. 

prudent, a. Ksa'pa ; wawitonpe ; 
wakpatai). A prudent king.—- 
A prudent driver, wakahapa 
wawitoijpe. — A prudent expen- 
diture, owopeton wakpatai). 

prudential, a. Waitonpapi ; wi'yu- 
kcai). 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



prndentially 



159 



punctuate 



prudentially, adv. Wi'yukcaijyai) ; 
wakptaijyai). 

prudently, adv. Ksamyahan. 

prune, vt. In/kpa basimsipa ; oij- 
spaspa ehpeye. n. Kan/tasapa. 

pry, n. Iyukin ; iyuptaijye. vt. 
Yuptanyan. ; yuptaijyewaciij ; 
yukiij. 

psalm, n. Odowanwakan. 

pshaw, inter). Hon ; hinte. 

psychology, n. Wotawacin wooij- 
spe. 

puberty, n. Cii)catoi) okihipi. 

public, a. 1. Oyatetawa : jw&Wc 
property. 2. Otanin ; o'wanoa 
sdonyapi : the discovery is made 
public. 3. Tu'we oeyas ta'wa ; 
shjtomni ta'wapi : a public 
road. n. Oyate ; wicasta a'taya. 
— In public : wica&ta i'tokam ; 
taninyan. 

publican, n. Ro'ma wamnayan. 

publication, n. 1. Yaotaijinpi ; ka'- 
gapi ; wowapi ma'za on ka'&a- 
pi : fce gathers the news for 
publication. 2. Wotaijin wo- 
wapi : a daily publication. 

publicity, n. A'taya otai)ii). 

publicly, adv. Taninyan. 

public-spirited, a. Oyate en wa« 
cii)yuza; wawacinktayuzatan- 
ka. 

publish, trt. 1. Yaotanii) ; oyaka : 
the herald publishes the victory. 
2. Wotaninwowapi oyaka ; wo- 
wapi ka'ga. 

publisher, n. Wowapi ma'za oi) 
ka'ga. 

pucker, trt. Yunana ; yuske. 

pudding, n. Cocoya waspanyanpi. 

puddle, n. Minioskokpa. 

pueblo, n. Otonwe. Pueblo In- 
dians, Susoni wicasa. 

puerile, a. Wakanheza. 

puff, n. 1. Ipogan : a puff of 
wind. 2. Iapi oi) apoganpi; 
eazeyatapi : a puff in the paper, 
vt. 1. Apogan ; ipogan. 2. Yu- 



tai)ka ; tate on ozuya : puffed 
up with pride. 3. Yawaste; 
yaonihan : he puffed the doctor. 

puffing, a. Ponpon; niyasni \& 
nui) se. 

pugh, interj. Eoane ; wan. 

pugilist, n. Waapa&kata. 

pugnacious, a. Wakizes'a. 

puke, vi. Hde'pa ; hiyuya. 

pull, vt. 1. Yutitan : pull down the 
rope. 2. Yusdohan : the horse 
can*t puU it. — Pull down, kun 
enpeya, yuzuiu. — PuU fruit, 
waskuyeca yuspi. — Pull in, 
mahen iou. — PuU off, yusdoka. 
— PuU out, yupsun. — Pull a 
tooth, hi yupsui). — Pull to 
pieces, yuksaksa. — PuU up, yu- 
zun. — Pulled up at his father's, 
atkuku ti ekta hinazin. 

pullet, n. An'paohotonna wi'ye 
maka waqzina. 

pulley, n. Canayiihomnipi. 

pulmonary, a. Gaga. 

pulp, n. Co ; nini. 

pulpit, n. Wica6tawakan onazin. 

pulpy, a. Coco. 

pulsation, n. Iyapa : oiyapa. 

pulse, n. 1. Kan 'iyapa : a rapid 
pulse. 2. Omnioa. 

pulverize, vt. Pamdumdu; mdu 
ka'ga ; yupanpan ; bopan. 

pump, n. Miniicu; canhdogeca 
ohna mini ieupi. vt. 1. Mini 
icu ; icu. 2. E'ya kuwa ; iwan- 

pumpkin, n. Wamnn ; Y. wakmu ; 
T. wagmu. 

pun, n. Iapi wawinana. 

punch, n. 1. Miniwakan icahi : he 
drank a glass of punch. 2. Ma - 
zaioandoke : strike the punch 
hard. vt. Panini ; pahdoka. 

punctual, a. Iyehan econ ; iye- 
hantu : a punctual payment. 

punctually, adv. Iyehanyan. 

punctuate, vt. Samyapidan e'hna- 
ka. 



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punctuation 



160 



posh 



punctuation, ». Samyapidai) ; ho'- 
anaziq. 

puncture, vt. Pahdoka ; capa. w. 
ondoka ; opandoka. 

pungent, a. 1. Paza ; pa : a 
pungent turnip. 2. Pe'sto ; wa- 
yahtaka : pungent remarks. 

pungently, adv. Pe'stoya. 

punish, vt. Iyopeya ; kakisya : 
punish the child. 

punishable, a. Iyopeyepioa. 

punishment, n. Woiyopeye; iyo- 
peyapi : kakisyapi. 

punk, w. Caukagica. 

puny, a. Ci'stina ; sta'ka ; huq'ke- 
sni : a puny girl. 

pup, n. Sunnpadan. 

pupil, w. 1. Wayawa; waoijspe- 
kiyapi ; siceca. The Boarding- 
School pupils, ti'pitanka waoi)- 
spewicakiyapi. — He was a pu- 
pil at Santee Training School. 
2. Istasusapa ; istasu. 

puppet, n. Wicastakagapidai). 

puppy, ft. Suijnpadai). 

purr, vi. fido : the cat purrs. 

purchasable, a. Opetoijpica. 

purchase, vt. Opetoi) : purchase a 
house. — Purchase with (or for), 
iyopeya. — Buy of, opekitoi). n. 
1. Owopetoi) ; wopetoi) : a bad 
purchase. 2. Iyukii) ; wi'yuze : 
raise it with a purchase. 

purchaser, n. TV we wopetoq. 

pure, a. 1. E'cedan ; Y. e'cena ; 
T. e'cela ; ta'kudan icahisni :« 
pure gold. 2. Ska ; wa'kasote- 
sni ; woantani ni'ca : a pure 
man. 

purely, adv. E'cedai). 

pureness, n. Woecedai) ; e'cedai). 

purgative, a. & u. Oi) iheyapi. 

purgatory, ft. Wicanagi woyuzaza. 

purge, vt. 1. Iheyekiya : the med- 
icine purged him. 2. Yuzaza ; 
yuska : purge me from sin. n. 
Iyoptaiyeyapi ; on iheyapi. 

purification, n. Wayuskapi. 



purifier, n. Wayuska; wayuece- 
dai). 

purify, vt. Yuska ; ynecedai) ; ka- 
sotesni ; yuwaste. 

purity, n. Woecedai) ; wowakaso- 
tesni. 

purloin, vt. Manoi) ; napigtanyan. 
vi. Wamanoi). 

purple, n. Stai) ; sastai) ; sa. 

purport, n. To'ken ka'pi; woku- 
wa. vt. Ka ; yutaijii). 

purpose, ft. Ta'ku kuwapi; wo- 
kuwa; tawacii) ; ta'ku cin'pi : 
what is their purpose in coming. 
— On purpose, cii). vt. Awa- 
oii) ; waciqyuza : he purposed 
well. 

purposeless, a. Tawacii) wanica. 

purr, vi. fido ; ndodowai). 

purse, ft. 1. Ma'zaska ozuha ; wo- 
zuha: an empty purse. 2. Ma- 
zaskayekiyapi : he won the 
purse. 

pursuable, a. Kuwapica. 

pursuance, n. Wokuwa. In pur- 
suance of, a'etopta; ohnayai). 

pursuant, a. Eoen. Pursuant to, 
ecetuya. 

pursue, vt. Euwa ; pasi ; kuwa 
a'ya; ya; iyaya. — Pursue the 
enemy, to'ka kin kuwa. — Pur- 
suing rabbits, mastinca pasi. 

pursuer, n. Wakuwa. 

pursuit, n. Kuwapi ; wokuwa. 
Tlte pursuit of pleasure, woma- 
gaga kuwapi. 

purvey, vt. Ihni ; okini. 

pus, n. Toi). Discharge pus, toi) 
hiyu ; toijye. 

push, vt. 1. Patan ; pataniyeya ; 
patitai) : push the sled. — Push 
the box this way, koka den'tkiya 
pasdohai). — Push Jiard, ni'na 
patitai). 2. I'yopastag ku'wa ; 
ni'na ku'wa. — He is pushing 
me for pay, wokazuzu oi) ni'na 
makuwa. — Push aside, pakam 
iyeya. — Push down, kun iyeya. 



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pushing 161 

— Push off, paftpa. — Push open, 
pahdoka; pagan. — Push over, 
pawaqka. — Push up, pawan- 
kan iyeya. n. Wopatitan ; pa- 
titanpi womdiheca ; wakitaijpi. 

pushing, a. Mdiheca ; wakitai). 

pusillanimous, a. Cai)te hun'kesni. 

pass, n. Inmusuqka ; Y. ikmu- 
sunka; T. igmu. 

pat, vt. E'hnaka; Y. e'knaka; 
T. e'gnaka. — Put a ease to the 
jury, wi'yukcanpi oecoi) owi- 
cakiyake. — Put away, tokaq 
e'hnaka; ehpeya. — Put about, 
yuhomni. — Put back, he'kta 
iyaye. — Put down, kun e'hna- 
ka ; yusni. — Put down a name, 
caze owa. — Put forth the hand, 
nape yekiya. — Put forth leaves, 
ape uya. — Put forth strength, 
wowad'ake kicun. — Put for- 
ward, tokata e'hnaka. — Putin 
a bottle, zaijzai) ohnaka. — Put 
into a harbor, oahnni en iyaye. 
— Put it off on, kinkiya ; ku. — 
Put off doing, kihnaka. — Put 
off a robe, slna yusdoka. — Put 
off without anything, coka iya- 
ya. — Put on a coat, o'kde kicun. 
— Put on more horses, sun/ka- 
wakai) nakui) aopekiya. — Put 
on more wood, oai) nakui) aoi). 
— Put out the lamp, petizanzai), 
bosni. — Put out money, ma'za- 
ska owicaku. — Put out tlie ton- 
gue, eezi iriyuya. — Put out the 
thief, wamanus'a tai)kan iya- 
yeya. — Put out of joint, o'kihe 
papsui). — Put out (in play), 
ayustankiya. — Put over Ull, he- 
hanyai) kihnaka. — Put over the 



pyrotechnic 

river, akasam e'yahpeya. — Put 
through, ihunikiya; yustan. — 
Put to bed, iwangkiya; istin- 
bekiya. — Put to death, kte.— 
Put together, wi'taya e'hnaka ; 
i'cikoyagya. — Put to rights, 
tan'yai) e'hnaka; eeen e'hna- 
ka. — Put to the stoord, miwakan 
oi) kte. — Put to trial, yacopi 
kta ku. — Put trust in, wacin- 
kiya. — Put up fruit, waskuyeca 
doya hna'ka. — Put up the play- 
things, wi'napiskaijya kihnaka. 
— Put up to do it, econkiya. — 
Put up a teepee, ti'pi e'hde. 
— Put up the job, wicohai) ka'- 
ga. vi. Iyaye : the ship put to 
sea. — Put about, namni. — Put 
back, he'kta iyaya. — Put in for, 
da; kuwa. — To put off, to'ki 
iyaye.— Pat up with abuse, oste- 
hdapi en e'wachjani. — At what 
house do you put up, ti'pi tukte 
en nun'ka he. 

putrefaction, n. Kuka a'ye. 

putrefy, vt. Kukaya ; yusica ; yu 
kuka. vi. Kuka a'ya ; hwin. 

putrid, a. fiwii) ; kuka. It is now 
pu trid, wanna hwin. — A putrid 
smell, hwiii'mna. 

putter, vi. Ta'ku ecoi) taijinfini 



putty, n. Mniokdash) wi'puspe. 

vt. Apuspa. 
puzzle, vt. Wacinhnuniya ; okihi- 

sniya. vi. Waeiijhnuni ; to'ke- 

tu taijinsni. w. Owiyukcansi- 

ca ; to'ketu taninsni. 
pyramid, n. Woomdoton pe'sto. 
pyrite, n. Ma'zaikceka wiyakpa. 
pyrotechnic, n. Pe'ta okinyanpi. 



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162 



quay 



quack, tri. Hotoi) : the ducks quack. 

n. 1. Hotoqpi. 2. Onspekiya- 

pisni ecoi) ; wicahnayai) ; wa- 

mnaicida : the doctor is a quack. 
quackery, n. Wamnaicidapi. 
quadrangle, n. Oisetopa. 
quadrant, n. 1. Canhdeska to'pa- 

baspapi. 2. Otakiqyan oiyute. 
qnadrennial, a. Waniyetu to'pa; 

waniyetu i'topa. 
quadrilateral, n. Cuwitopa. 
quadroon, n. Iyokise ya'mni haska 

ka iyokise wanzi hasapa. 
quadruple, a. To'paakihde. vt. 

To'paakihde ka'ga. 
quaff, vt. Ni'na yatkai) ; yanem 

iyeya. 
quagmire, a. Hihi; coco; wiwi. 

n. Wiwi ; makandihdi. 
quail, n. Zi'casapena. vi. Natun- 

ka ; napa ; kokipa. 
quaint, a. To'keca; heyoka se; 

wowina. 
quaintly, adv. Wowiha. 
quake, vi. Cancaij ; huhuzahai) ; 

kokipa. n. Cancaijpi. 
quaker, n. Wacancai) ; cancaijpi. 

n. or. Wapahatanka wicasta. 
quakfngly, adv. Cancanyan. 
quaky, a. Sutasni; hohodan. 
qualification, n. Woyaataniij ; to'- 

keca oyaka ; woiyecetu. 
qualified, pa. Iyecetu ; okihi ; yu- 

stanpi ; oi) spay a. 
qualify, vt. 1. Piiciya; onspeici- 

ciya : he qualified himself to 

teach. 2. Onspa yatokeca ; oa- 

hececa ka'ga; san'pa yatanin. 

3. (Gram.) Yataijin. vi. On 

iciconze. 
quality, n. Itokeca kin ; ohan; obe; 

okage ; ospaye. 
qualm, n. Wohnaskiijye ; woka- 

kize ; t o'keca. 



qualmish, a. Hde'pektenca. 

quandary, n. To'ketutaijinsni. 

quantity, n. To'nakeca; oiyute; 
woyawa ; o'ta. 

Quapaws, n. pr. Pe'sa. 

qnarantine, n. Wi'tawata woka- 
ske; makoaica wokaske. vt. 
Makoaica oi) kaskapi. 

quarrel, n. Woakinica ; wokicize ; 
akinicapi. vt. Kiciza; akinica. 

quarrelsome, a. WaaHnices'a. 

quarry, n. Iij'yai) okapi. n. Oke. 

quart, n. Mniyatketanka oiyute. 

quarter, n. 1. To'pakibaspapi 
wanii. 2. Kaspapi nom sam 
okise ; Y. karjgikagapi : I paid 
him a quarter. 3. Wi ya'mni : 
we are paid quarterly. 4. Oyai)- 
ke ; ti'pi : miserable quarters. — 
Head - quarters, akicitatan can 
ti. — Show no quarters, onsida- 
sni. vt. 1. To'pa kibaspa. 2. 
Oyanke ku ; yuhekiya : they 
quartered the soldiers in the 
church, vi. Ti ; yanka. 

quarterly, a. Waniyetu wanzi to'- 
pakibaspapi ; wi ya'mni : quar- 
terly payments. 

quartermaster, n. Akicita tiawan- 
yake ; heyake awanyake. 

quartette, n. Hotopa dowai)pi; 
to'papi. 

quarto, n.Wowapiozuhaton tan'ka. 

quartz, n. In'yai) (ocaze). 

quash, vt. Kasusuza; ihangya; 
yutakunisni; yuecetusni. Quash 
an indictment, woiyaonpa yuta- 
kunisni. 

quasi, a. Se'ececa. 

quaternary, a. To'pa; itopa. n. 
(Geol.) Icitopa. 

quaver, vi. Ho yucancan ; hohna- 
gicadowan. n. Ho'yacancanpi. 

quay, n. Wa'taoahuni ka'gapi. 



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queen 163 

queen, ». Wicastayatapiwii) ; wi- 

castayatapi tawiou; wiij'yaiji- 

taqcai) : the queen of England. 

— Queen-bee, tunmaga itai)cai). 
queenly, a. Itaqcaqwiqyai) se'ca ; 

okinihai). 
queer, a. To'keca ; wowina. 
queerly, adv. Wowinaya. 
quell, vt. Yuasni : quell the riot. 
quench, vf. Yuani: quench the flames. 
quenchable, a. Tnsnipioa. 
querulous, a. Iyokipisni ies'a ; asi- 

eando. 
querry, ». Woiwaijga. vt. Wi'- 

waijga icetuijhda. 
quest, w. Waodepi ; wi'hnipi. 
question, n. Woiwaijga ; wi'waij- 

gapi. vt. Wi'waijga ; cetunhda : 

question his motives, vi. Wa- 

wiwaijga. 
questionable, a. To'ketutaijhjani ; 

waoetuqhdapica : it is question- 
able whether he can read. 
questioner, n. Wawiwaijga. 
quibble, n. Ecaiapi; wawinapi; 

wacetuijhdapi. vi. Heciyotaij- 

sni ia ; cetuijhda. 
quick, a. 1. Ofianko : quick motion. 

2. Ni;niui). adv. Onaijkoya; 

kohanna : do it quick. — Be 

quick, inanni. n. Oyazaij ; tu- 

kte ni. 
quicken, vt. Ytrinanni ; o'cim onai)- 

ko ecoi). vi. Ni ; akaqakai). 
quickening, n. WioayoMoapi ; wo- 

vuMca. 
quickly, adv. Onankoya ; inanni. 
quickness, n. Woonanko. 
quicksand, n. Wiyaka coco ; wiya- 

ka ndindidai). 
quicksilver, n. Ma'zaska nini. 
quickstep, ft. Akicitatadowai) 

onanko. 
quickwitted, a. Waciijksapa. 
quid, n. Woyata ; yatapi. 
quiescent, a. Owaijziui) ; taqindni 

wai)ka. 
quiet, a. Owaijziui) ; ataijse ui) ; 



quotient 

wa'hbadaij. vt. Kihna; yui- 

nina. ft. Woamdakedai) ; wo- 

skaqskai) wanioa. 
quietly, adv. A'inina ; ataqsena : 

the bird sat quietly. 
quietness, n. Woamdakena; wo- 

inina. 
quietness, n. Woasni ; woayustaij. 
quill, n. Wi'yaka; wowapiicage. 

Porcupine quills, pahii). 
quill-driver, w. Wowapikaga. 
quilt, n. Sinaokipatapi ; owiijza- 

akanpe. vt. Wakagege. 
quilting, ft. Owinzaakahpe waka- 

gegepi. 
quince, ft. Taspai) (oeaze). 
quinine, ft. Cai)cai)pi pezuta. 
quinsy, ft. Wi'napcepopiwoyazai). 
quintessence, n. Iyotanwaste ; woi- 

taijoaij. 
quintette, ft. Hozaptai) dowaijpi. 
quire, n. Wowapiska wikoemna 

nom aam to'pa. 
quirk, ft. Wonabaka ; woyukaize. 
quirkish, a. Skiska; onaijtokeca. 
quit, vt. 1. Ayudtai) ; enakiye : 

quit crying. 2. Ihunikiya; ecoi) : 



quit you Wee men. 
qufic" ' 



quitclaim, n. Ta'waihdawa enakiye. 

quite, adv. 1. Tan/yai) ; ocowasii) ; 
ni'na : the work is quite done. 
2. Ki*taijna : quite sick. 

quiver, ft. Wan/zu. vi. Cancan.. 

qliiveringly, adv. Cai)cai)yai). 

quiz, vt. Wi'waijga ; wi'wanh ku- 
wa. ft. 1. Woiwaijga; wowi- 
yukcaij : they gave him a quiz. 
2. Tu'we wawihaha. 

qulzzer, ft. Wawiwaiiges'a. 

quoit, ft. Ma'zaokab'o. 

quorum, n. Omniciye iyenakeca. 

quota, ft. Fye to'na ecoijsipi. 

quotation, n. Oie oyakapi. Quo- 
tation marks, to'ie wa'petokeca. 

quote, vt. Cazeyata ; oie oyaka. 

quoth, vi. E'ya. 

quotient, ft. To'nakiya yuspapi; 
to'nakeca ohna iyaye. 



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rabbet 



164 



ratable 



rabbet, vt Tete kaskokpa. 

rabbi, ». Itaijcan. 

rabbit, n. Masthjca. 

rabble, n. Tu'wepi taqiijsni ; wi- 

cota. 
rabid, a. Ociijsica ; hnasMnyai). 
rabidly, adv. Wohitiya; mde'ze- 

ani. 
raccoon, n. Wica. 
race, w. 1. Obe ; wioobe ; oyate. 

The White race, oyate ska. 2. 

Oiijyaijke ; kiirjyaijkapi : let us 

run a race. 3. Mnicaduze : a 

mill race. vt. Kiinyanke : J 

will race with you. 
race-coarse, n. Oiijyaijke. 
race-horse, n. Suijghjyangkiyapi. 
racer, n. 1. Kiijiijyankes'a ; du'za- 

hai). 2. Waijmduskasapa. 
racily, adv. Yazimzimya; pe'- 

stoya. 
rack, vt. 1. Kaskopa; kahoho; 

yus'aka. 2. Kakisya; kacai)- 

cai) : he racked his brain, n. 1. 

On wakakisyapi. 2. Ahnakapi : 

a hay-rack. 3. OnasMi) : a stow 

racfc. vi. Onas , ii) : can yowr 

horse rack. 
racket, n. 1. Takicapsica : a ball 

and racket. 2. Owodutatoi) ; 

okoyapi. 
racking, a. Wakakisya ; tenika. 
racy, a. Wayazimzipa ; wayuhit- 

Mca ; pe'sto. 
radial, a. Caijhdeska woyugate. 
radiance, n. Wowiyakpa. 
radiant, a. Wiyakpa ; wi'yega. 
radiantly, adv. Wiyakpaya. 
radiate, vt. 1. Iyega : radiate heat. 

2. A'kizanzan iyayeya ; o'waij- 

caya iyayeya. a. A'kizanzate ; 

wicannpiseca. 
radiation, n. Waiyahpeya ; o'wai)- 

cayaiyaye. 



radical, n. 1. O'hutkan ; o'tokahe. 

2. Hu'tedai) ; wayazuzu. 
radically, adv. Hutkan etaqhaq ; 

a'taya. 
radish, n. Paijgisasa. 
radius, n. 1. Cai)teiyohiya ; oyu- 

ga. 2. Ispahu : the radius of 

the left arm. 
raffle, vi. Econna. 
raft, n. Canyuwipi ; caniyakaaka- 

pi. vt. O'kanbogya. 
rafter, n. Awakeyapi huha. 
rag, n. Mininuha ondecahe. 
ragamuffin, n. Minihuha wicasta. 
rage, vi. Wohitiyaskai) ; kah'on'o 

iyeiciya. n. Wocaijniye. 
ragged, a. fidendecahai) ; hehe ; 

pepe. 
ragman, n. Heyake tani opeton. 
raid, n. Wicomani ; ozuye. 
rail, n. 1. Mahinatake ; canhan- 

ska. 2. flemanimaza : laying 

the rails. — He came by rail, ne- 

mani ohna hi. vi. Ostehda. 
railer, n. Wicakiges'a ; wayasiea. 
railing, a. Wayasicapi. n. Acaq- 

kaskapi. 
railery, n. Waostestepi. 
railroad, railway, n. Ma'zacaq- 

ku. 
raiment, n. Heyake ; Y. hayake ; 

wokoyake. 
rain, vi. Magazu ; hiqhai) ; hii)he. 

— Bain on, ahiqhe. vt. Maga- 
zu ; hiijhai). n. Magazu; ma- 

gazumni ; womagazu. 
rainbow, n. Wihmunke. 
rainfall, n. Womagazu. 
raingage, n. Magazu iyute 
raininess, n. Magazus'a. 
rainless, a. Magazusni. 
rainwater, n. Magazumni. 
rainy, a. Magazus'a. 
ratable, a. Yuwaijkan ieupica. 



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raise 165 

raise, vt. Yuwankan icu ; wankan 
e'hde ; na'zinkiya ; icahya ; ka'- 
ga. — Raise bread, aguyapi na- 
pohya. — Raise corn, wamnahe- 
za icahya. — Raise the dead, 
wicate cin ekicetuya. — Raise 
the false report, iapi wohnaye 
ka'ga. — Raise the fallen, wan- 
kahan na'zinkiya. — Raise a 
flagpole, canwakan e'hde. — 
Raise money, ma'zaska okini. 
— Raise the price, i'wankam 
yawa. — Raise out of sleep, yuhi- 
ca. — Raise troops, akicita 
mnaye. 

raisin, n. Hastanhaijka pusyapi. 

raising, n. Waijkan yeyapi ; bos- 
dan e'hdepi. 

rake, n. 1. Ma'zaiyuhinte ; mah- 
iyuhinte. 2. Wicawihomni. 
vt. Yuhinta; kahin ta; kahin 
eyaya ; kahin e'zu. 

raking, n. Wakahintapi ; woka- 
hinte. 

raily, vt. 1. Piya na'zinwicakiya : 
he rallied his men. 2. Ikihaha. 

ram, n. 1. Ta'hcaska mdoka : the 
ram has big horns. 2. Wi'bo- 
bdeca. vt. Boskica ; bopan : 
ram it down. 

ramble, vi. Wi'kcekce omani ; to'- 
ken cin/cin. omani. n. Oma- 
nipi. 

rambler, n. Omanis'a. 

ramification, n. Oyugaga. 

ramified, pa. Yuhaha ; adetka 
o'ta. 

rammer, n. Iboskica ; wi 'bopan. 

rampage, n. Wohitiya skan'pi. 

rampant, a. Wohitika ; bosdata. 

rampart, n. Wowinape; con/ka- 
ske ; makaokapi. 

ramrod, n. Ma'zakaniyopuskice ; 
iostan. 

ran, imp. of run. 

rancid, a. Hmun/za. 

rancor, n. Wowahtedasni. 

rancorous, a. Wowahtedasni. 



rape 



random, n. Otuyacin. 

rang, imp. of ring. 

range, vt. Gankuyeton e'hnaka; 

okamdah e'hde; okawinh ya. 

». 1. Caijkuye : a range of 

mountains. 2. Owaspanyetan- 

ka : a range in the kitchen. 3. 

Wohiyohi; wacinoaye : his mind 

has a small range. 4. Okute ; 

wayeya: a gun of small range. 

5. Makoce ounyanpi ; owihan- 

ye : the feed on the range. 6. 

Bosdata oicazo tan/ka. 
ranger, n. 1. Akicita natantan 

omani. 2. dun'ka womna. 
rank, n. 1. Cankuye; o'cimdah 

na'zinpi. 2. Woitancan obe : 

of the rank of captain. 3. O'he ; 

oyanke : a man of high rank. 

vt. 1. O'cimdah e'hde. 2. O'- 

peyayawa; ko'ya e'hnaka. 3. 

Iwankam yawapi. a 1. Han'- 

ska; otantonka : rank weeds. 

2. Iyotan ; wakapeya : rank 

nonsense. 3. Sicamna; hwin'- 

mna : rank meat. 
rankle, vi. Icah a'ya ; sam si'ca 

a'ya. 
rankly, adv. Otantonyan. 
rankness, n. Wotanton, ; woohi- 

tika. 
ransack, vt. Ode ; a'taya ode ; na- 

pistanyan. 
ransom, n. Wokazuzu ; on kiyu- 

skapi kta : he paid the ransom. 

vt. Ki'cicazuzu ; opekiton : he 

ransomed the prisoner. 
rant, vi. Wohitiya ia ; tamya : the 

preacher ranted, n. Ituya ho'- 

tankapi. 
ranter, n. Ituya ho'tanka. 
rap, vt. Eatoto; apa. n. Kato- 

topi. 
rapacious, a. Wabotica. 
rapaciously, adv. Wohitiya. 
rapaciousness, n. Waihaijgya. 
rapacity, n. Woohitika. 
rape, n. Win/yan iyahpayapi ; wi- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



rapid 

cadasni tawiijyaijpi ; wikiksaq- 

pi. 
rapid, a. 1. Onaqko ; du'zahai) : 

a rapid writer. 2. Ni'na kadu- 

za : rapid waters. 3. Kaduza ; 

dus ya : a rapid current. 
rapidity, n. Woohaijko. 
rapidly, adv. O'naijkoya ; kohai)- 

na. 
rapine, n. Waboticapi. 
rapper, n. Icabu. 
rapture, n. Wowiyuskii) taq'ka. 
raptured, pa. Wowiyuskii) ozu- 

dai) ; hnaskiijyai). 
rare, a. 1. Tenika; wan'waijca- 

dai) yuhapi : a rare book. 2. 

Kapozedai) : rare atmosphere. 

3. Spaij'aui; ki'taijna spai) : 

rare steak. 
rarify, vt. Kapozedai) ka'ga. 
rarely, adv. Wan'waijcadan. 
rareness, n. 1. Wowanica : the 

rareness of the plant. 2. Woka- 

pozedan. 3. Spaij'sni. 
rarity, n. WoteM ; ecawanica. 
rascal, n. Tu'we wahtesni. 
rascality, n. WowaMesni. 
rascally, a. Wahtesni. 
rase, vi. Kawai)ka. 
rash, a. Wacinko ; ohanko ; waa- 

wacirjsni : rash conduct, n. 

Ahinai)papi : a rash on his 

face. 
rashly, adv. Waawacinsniyai). 
rashness, n. Woawacinsni. 
rasp, n. Cai)ipabe. 
raspberry, n. Takanheca. 
rat, n. Sintesda ; Y. hitui)ktai)ka. 

Rat-trap, sintesdaihmuijke. 
retched, n. Wi'yuhomnisuta. 
rate, n. Oiyawa ; oiyute ; woka- 

zuzu : the rate on grain is too 

high. — First rate, ni'na tan'- 

yai). vt. Yawa ; iyawa ; i'enhi- 

yeya. 
rather, adv. 1. E'es; iyotai) ; to- 

kaheya : rather grew worse. 2. 

Ri'tanna : rather cold. 



166 



revisher 



ratification, n. Yuecetupi ; yusu- 

tapi. 
ratifier, n. Wayuecetu. 
ratify, vt. Yuecetu ; yusuta. 
ratio, n. 1. Kici oiyute iwaijya- 

kapi. 2. Tona iwanyakapi ; 

oiyute wi'yokihi. 
ration, n. Wowicakupi; anpetu 

iyawa wowicakupi ; wokpa- 

mni. 
rational, a. Wi'yukcai) ; mde'ze- 

ca ; ksa'pa. 
rationalism, n. Wi'yukcaijicidapi. 
rationally, adv. Wacinksamya. 
rattle, vt. fida; sna; ko'ka. I 

heard the snake rattle, vt. 1. 

Yuhda ; kahda ; kasna, etc. 2. 

Yueoece sni ; wacinksapesniya. 

n. 1. Icakoka ; wamnuha : the 

conjurer's rattle. 2. Oyahna- 

hna : a rattle in tlxe baby's 

throat. 
rattlesnake, n. Sintehda. 
ravage, vt. Ihai)gya ; sinya kuwa. 

n. Woihaijgye : the ravages of 

war. 
ravager, n. Waihangye. 
rave, vi. Hnaskinyan,; wohitiya 

skai). 
ravel, vt. Yusba ; yusna. vi. Sba- 

hai) ; snahai). 
raveling, n. Yusnapi ; osbahe. 
raven, n. Kangi. a. Kangise. 
ravening, pa. Wateyes'a ; wohiti- 

ka. 
ravenous, a. Wohitika ; ni'na do- 

cii). 
ravenously, adv. Wohitiya. 
ravine, n. O'smaka ; kaksiza. 
ravlngly, adv. HnasMijyanse. 
ravish, vt. 1. Wabotica ; wama- 

noq : ravish the country. 2. 

Iyugkinkiya ; ihahaya : the sight 

ravished me. 3. Wikiksai) ; yus- 

tawiijyai) : flie tramp ravished 

the girl. 
revisher, n. Wi'iyahpayes'a ; wi'- 

yuskinwicaye. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



ravishing 



167 



ravishing, pa. Wowiynskin ozu- 
dai). 

ravishment, n. Wamanonpi ; wo- 
wiyuskir). 

raw, a. 1. Span'&ni ; do ; sa'ka : 
raw meat, 2. Ikoeka ; ecehna : 
raw material. 3. Ha wanica: 
a raw sore. 4. Onspesni; na- 
kaha econpi: raw troops. 5. 
Osni ; wioacuwita. 

raw-bone, a. Tamaheca ; huhase. 

rawhide, n. Tahasaka ; tahasaka 
icapsinte. 

rawness, n. Wosaka; waonspe- 
sni ; wosni. 

ray, n. Iyoftanzan ; wiizanzai). 

rayless, a. Iyozanzan wanica; 
o'kpaza. 

rase, vt. Pazuzu ; ihangya. 

razor, n. Putinhinicaaan. 

razor-strop, n. Putinhinicasan- 
iyohdi. 

re-, prefix. Ake. 

re, n. (Mus.) Hoinonpa. 

reach, vt. 1. Iyohiya : I canH 
reach it. 2. Hiyuya : reach 
hither thy hand. 3. Iyohi : the 
line don 1 * reach, n. Canpahmi- 
hma; eankahu: lengthen the 
reach. 

react, vt. Akihde ecoi) : react the 
play. vi. Itkom hiyu : the blow 
reacted. 

read, vt. 1. Tawa : read the letter 
for me. 2. Iyukcai) : read the 
signs of the times, vi. Wowapi 
yawa : can you read. a. WaoiJ- 
speka; wowapi wayupika: a 
well read man. 

readable, a. Yawapioa ; yawapi 
waste. 

reader, n. 1. Wowapi yawa : Jane 
is a good reader. 2. Waya- 
wa ; wayawa wowapi : Second 
Reader. 

readily, adv. Katinyan ; kagiSni- 
yan. 

, n. Ihduwiyeyapi ; wo- 



kagi wanica ; wokatinyan ; woi- 
nahni. — In readiness, wi'yeya. 

reading, pa. Wowapiyawa ; wa- 
yawa. 

reading-book, n. Yawapi -wowapi. 

reading-room, n. Wotaijinwowapi 
oyawatipi. 

readjust, vt. Apiya. 

readmit, vt. Akihde en hiyuya. 

ready, a. 1. Wi'yeya : lam ready. 
2. Ohanko : ready writer. 3. 
E'nica; ikiyedan : ready to 
break. 

ready-made, a. Kah'yustanpi. 

reaffirm, vt. Akihde e'ya ; o'stan 
e'ya. 

real, a. He'eahca; wowicake; 
hca. A real Indian, Ikcewica- 
stahea. — Real estate, makoce. 
adv. flea. n. Spaniyo kaspapi. 

realty, n. Wowicake. 

realize, vt. 1. En e'wacin ; oka- 
hniga ; wowicake kecin : he did 
not realize the danger. 2. Etan- 
hai) kamna : okini. 

really, adv. A'wicakehai). 

realm, n. Wokiconze ; woomjye. 

ream, n. Wowapiska opahte. 

reanimate, vt. Kiniya ; yuniya. 

reap, vt. 1. Kasda ; aguyapi ka- 
sda ; baksa. 2. Mnaye ; icu : 
reap the benefit of his labor, 
vi. Wamnayan ; wakaada. 

reaper, n. 1. Inakse ; ica&da : he 
broke his reaper. 2. Wamna- 
ye ; wakasda ; he is a good 
reaper. 

reappear, vi. Ake tanin. 

reappoint, vt. Akihde econsi. 

rear, n. Wahektapa ; ihanke : he 
went to the rear. vt. Icahya : 
rear children, a. Ihanke ; eha- 
ke : rear-guard. 

reascend, vt. Akihde e'hde. 

reason, w. 1. Wowiynkcaij ; to'- 
keca he'oeca : his reason is bad. 
2. Wotawacin ; tawacin : he has 
lost his reason. — By reason of. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



reasonable 168 

on etanhan. — In aU reason, to'- 
ketu ceyas. vi. 1. Wi'yukcan : 
/ reasoned thus. 2. Wowiyu- 
kcai) oyaka : he reasoned before 
the Jury. vt. Toketu oyaka; 
cinkiya. 

reasonable, a. 1. Iyeoetu ; hehan- 
tuka : a reasonable request. 2. 
Wi'yukcan okihi : man is a 
reasonable being. 3. Wowiyu- 
kcai) ohna : a reasonable an- 
swer. 4. Ki'tanna; wahenan- 
tu : a reasonable good crop. 

reasonableness, n. Woecetu. 

reasonably, adv. Wahehantuya. 

reasoner, n. Wowiyukcai) oyaka. 

reasoning, n. Wowiyukcai). a. 
Wi'yukcan. 

reasonless, a. Wowiyukcai) ni'ca. 

reassemble, vt. Akemniciyapi. 

reassert, vt. Akihde e'ya. 

reassure, vt. Piyawioadaya ; ki- 
widitakaya. 

reattaln, vt. Ake iyohiya. 

reattempt, vt. Piyaiyute. 

rebaptism, n. Akta mniakastaijpi. 

rebaptixe, vt. Akta mniakastan. 

rebate, vt. Onspa kicu. n. Kicu- 
pi ; ta'ku kicupi. 

rebel, n. Wakipazin ; itai)cai) ta'- 
wa kipazin. vi. Kipazii). 

rebellion, n. Wokipazin okicize. 

rebellions, a. Wakipazins'a ; wa- 
wakipazin. 

rebound, vi. Itkom hiyu. 

rebuff, n. Kaitkokipapi. vt. Itkom 
ehpeya ; anapta. 

rebuild, vt. Aktaticage ; akta- 
kaga. 

rebuke, vt. Iyopeya. n. Woiyo- 
peye. 

rebut, vt. I'tkokipa ; itkom e'hna- 
ka. 

recall, vt. Fcicawii) kuai ; kiksuya : 
recall the words. 

recant, vi. Ihduptai) ia. vt. Iapi 
e'hdaku ; he'cetuani e'ya. 

recapitulate, vt. To'ie akta yawa. 



recital 



recapture, n. Aktaicu ; aktayuza. 

recast, vt. Aktakaga ; aktasdoya. 

recede, vi. 1. Oyane : the waters 
recede. 2. Enakiya ; he'kta 
iyaya : he receded from his pro- 
position. 

receipt, n. 1. Icupi : on the receipt 
of the goods. 2. Icupi wowapi: 
give me a receipt for the money, 
vt. Icupiwowapi yutan. 

receipts, n. Takuicupi; talraka- 
mnapi. 

receivable, a. Icupica. 

receive, vt. 1. Icupi : I received 
your letter. 2. Tin hiyuya ; 
i'tkokipa: he received us pleas- 
antly. 3. Akipa : she received 
no harm. 

receiver, n. 1. TV we icu kin ; wo- 
kazuzu icu : the receiver of the 
Land Office. 2. Ohnahnakapi. 

recent, a. A&katudan ; Y. decana. 

recently, adv. Aakatudan ; Y. de- 
cana. 

receptacle, n. Wohnake. 

reception, n. 1. Oicu; ohnakapi: 
difficulty of reception. 2. Kici- 
copi : the presidents reception. 

receptive, a. Icuokihi ; okipika. 

recess, n. 1. Ci'stiyedan ecoijpi 
sni ; inanni kihnakapi ; oko : 
they took recess till after dinner. 
2. Tiokanmin; onspa omahen- 
tu. 

recession, n. Kicupi; he'ktayapi. 

recipe, n. To'ketu oyakapi ; wo- 
econ owapi ; to'ken icahipi oya- 
kapi. 

recipient, n. Ifu'pi; ecakicoijpi; 
tu'we icu. 

reciprocal, a. Anokatanhan ; ano- 
katanhai) ecakiconpi. 

reciprocrate, vt. Itkom econ. 

reciprocity, n. Anokatanhan kici- 
cuwapi. 

redtal, n. 1. Oyakapi ; ohdakapi : 
the recital of the testimony. 2. 
Iyuta ecoijpi ; itokara eyapi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



recitation 



169 



recitation, n. Eyewicakiyapi ; obe 
waij'zi onspewicakiyapi ; wi- 
cota en eyapi. 

recite, vt. E'ya ; oyaka : recite 
your lesson. 

reckless, a. Waawacinsni ; to'ken 
cin'cii) skai). 

recklessly, adv. Waawacinsniyan. 

recklessness, n. Woawaciijsni. 

reckon, vt. 1. Yawa; ma'zaska 
yawa : he reckoned the cost. 2. 
Yawa; e'hnaka : he was reckoned 
among the transgressors, vi. 1. 
Yawa; wayawa : he can 7 1 reckon. 
2. Eecii) ; ecin : I reckon so. 

reckoner, n. Wayawa ; wi'yukcan. 

reckoning, n. Yawapi ; oicazo ya- 
wapi ; wakazuzukiyapi. 

recialm, vt. 1. Kiyuwaste ; hdu- 
waste ; hdu'za : reclaim the 
desert. 2. E'hdaku; ikikcu; 
kica : he reclaimed his lost child. 

reclaimable, a. Yuwastepica ; iki- 
kcupica. 

reclamation, n. Ikikcupi; yuwa- 
stepi. 

recline, vi. Kun iwaijka ; oziiciya 
wanka. 

recluse, a. Tu'wedan waijyake sni. 

recognition, n. Iyekiyapi; woki- 
ksuye. 

recognizance, n. Woiyekiya ; oiye- 
kiye ; on sdonyapikta wowapi. 

recognize, vt. Iyekiya ; kiksuya 
eya. 

recoil, vi. Hduksa ; itkom hiyu. 

recoin, vt. Akta sdoya : recoin 
silver. 

recollect, vt. Kiksuya. 

re-collect, nt. Akta mnayai). 

recollection, n. Wokiksuye ; wa- 
ciijkiksuya ; ta'ku kiksuya. 

recommence, vt. Akta econ. 

recommend, vt. Ya waste ; ohai) ki- 
eiyaotanin ; cinkiya : I recom- 
mend the horse. — The doctor re- 
commended his taking exercise, 
pezutawicasta tartar) hduskan- 



akan waste key a. — I want yon 
to recommend me to the Agent 
for a teacher, Ateyapi en waon- 
spekiyapi owakihi miyecidao- 
tanin wacin. 

recommendation, n. Woya waste; 
woyaotanin; cinkiyapi wowapi. 

recommission, vt. Akta econkiya. 

recommit, vt. Ake en e'hnaka ; ki- 
cu ; ake iyukcansi. 

recompense, trt. Kazuzu; ki'cica- 
zuzu. n. Wokazuzu ; wi'si. 

recompose, vt. 1. Ake ka'ga; piya 
e'hnaka : recompose the song. 
2. Yuasnikiya. 

reconcilable, a. 1. Iyokipikiciya ; 
yuwastepica. 2. Yuokonwan- 
zipica. 

reconcile, vt. 1. Okiciyuwaste ; ki- 
ciyuwaste ; yuokonwanzidan : 
he reconciled the father and son. 
2. Iyowinyan : I could not re- 
condle myself to it. 

reconciliation, n. Okieiynwastepi ; 
okiciciyewicayapi. 

recondite, a. Mahentu; okahnih 
tehika. 

reconnoisance, n. Iwanyag oma- 
nipi. 

reconnoiter, vt. Iwanyag omani. 

reconquer, vt. Inonpa ohiya ; inon- 
pa e'hdaku. 

reconsecrate, vt. Akta yuwakan. 

reconsider, vt. Akta iwanyaka. 

reconsideration, n. Piya awaciupi. 

reconstruct, vt. Piya ka'ga. 

reconvene, vt. Ake mniciya. 

record', vt. Owa ; wowapi en owa. 

record, n. Ohan owapi; woki- 
ksuye wowapi. Church records, 
Okodakiciye ohanowapi. — A 
Court of Record, Omniciye wo- 
kiksuye wowapi yuhapi. 

recorder, n. Wokiksuyewowapi 
yuha. 

recount, vt. Akta yawa. 

recourse, n. Wowacinye ; ake en 
i'pi ece. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



recover 170 

recover, vt. 1. IMkcu ; ake yuha : 
he recovered his property. 2. 
Ake akanpa ; piya akanpa : re- 
cover the cushions, vi. Akisni : 
the sick boy recovered. 

recoverable, a. Ikikcupica. 

recovering, j>a. Akisni a'ya. 

recovery, n. 1. Akisnipi ; akisni- 
ktecin : recovery from sickness. 
2. Ikikcupi ; hduhapi : the re- 
covery of property. 

recreant, a. Wicakesni ; canwan- 
ka. 

recreate, vt. 1. Ake ka'ga : recreate 
the earth. 2. Oziiciya ; mdes- 
iciya ; ska'ta : let the children 
recreate. 

recreation, n. Oziiciyapi ; woska- 
te ; womagaga. 

recruit, vt. 1. Piya ka'ga ; ecetu- 
ya ; yuteca : recruit his strength. 

2. O'pekiya; o'stan o'pekiya. 

3. Akicita nakaha o'pa. 
rectangle, n. Cuwitopaokahmiij- 

owotaqna. 

rectify, vt. Yuowotanna ; ynecetu. 

rectitude, n. Woowotanna. 

rector, n. 1. Waawanhdake ; itan- 
can. 2. (Epis.) Wicastawakan 
okodakiciye awanyaka. 

rectory, n. Wicastawakan ti ; wi- 
castawakai) tawoawanyake. 

recumbent, a. Ipatanwanka : kun 
wankapi. 

recur, vi. Ake hi ; ake ececa ; ake 
en i. 

recurrence, n. Ake ececapi. 

red, a. Sa ; du'ta : a red bird. 

redbreast, n. Sisoka ; makusa- 
sa. 

Redcoat, n. O'kdesa ; Sagdasa aki- 
cita. 

redden, vt. Saya ; dunya. vi. Ite 
nasa hinhda. 

reddish, a. Ki'tanna sa ; samna. 

redeem, vt. Opekitoi) ; kazuzu. 

redeemable, a. Kazuzupica ; ope- 
kitoijpica. 



reenforcement 

redeemer, n. Opewicakiton ; wa- 

kazuzu. 
Redeemer, n. Wanikiya ; Je'sus. 
redemption, n. Wopekitonpi ; wa- 

kazuzupi. 
red-hand, a. Napewewe. 
red-head, n. Pa'sasa. 
red-hot, a. Sakata ; ni'naka'ta. 
red-letter, a. Sa ; waste ; wa'pi. 
redolent, a. Ecamna. 
redouble, vt. Piyaecon ; sam aici- 

ciya. 
redoubt, n. Akicita makao^api. 
redound, vi. Aicahya. 
redress, vt. Kazuzu; yuecetu. 

n. Wokazuzu ; woyuecetu. 
red-tape, a. Iyuskitesa ; onanhan- 

ncakapi. 
red-top, n. Peziinkpasa. 
reduce, vt. 1. Yuhukuya : reduce 

the soldiers to the ranks. 2. A'o- 

kpaniya : reduce his pay. 3. 

To'ken owapi ktayustan ; owa ; 

ka'ga : reduce the language to 

writing. 4. Oiyute to'keca ka'- 

&a- 
reduction, n. Yuhukuyapi; tona- 

na kagapi : reduction of ex- 
penses. 
redundant, a. I'yakamtu; ituya 

un : ehaes o'ta. 
reduplicate, vt. Akihde ka'ga. 
reecho, vt. Ake naiyowasya. n. 

Ake naiyowaza. 
reed, n. 1. Cedi ; pezihanska. 2. 

(Mus.) Mazayazopi cezi. 
reel, n. 1. Canhdeska on wapa- 

hmunpi. 2. Odowan ohanko : 

he played a reel. 3. Wi'yapehe. 

vi. Kacegcegmani ; paptanptan 

ya. 
reelect, vt. Akihde kahniga. 
reembark, vi. Ake wata o'pa. 
reenact, vt. Ake yustan. 
reenforce, vt. O'kiya; akicita na- 

kun en yeyapi. 
reenforcement, n. Akicita nakici- 

zinpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



reenlist 



171 



regard 



reenlist, vi. Ake akicita o'pa. 

reenter, vt. Ake en ya. 

refasten, vt. Ake iyakaska. 

refer, vt. 1. Iwanyagsi ; yeya : 
refer it to a committee. 2. Ekta 
e'pazo ; ekta yesi : he referred 
me to the preacher, vi. Ka; ca- 
zeyata : he referred to the quar- 
rel. 

referable, a. En a'yepica. 

referee, n. Yukeansipi; yasuki- 
yapi. 

reference, n. Iwanyagsipi ; iwanh- 
sipi; ka'pi;. wanyagsipi. — A 
Reference Bible, Wowapi Wa- 
kan on Odepi. — In reference to, 
eciyatanhan. 

refine, vt. Yuecedan ; yuecetu. 

refined, pa. Yuwastepi ; waste. 

refinement, n. Woyu waste. 

refiner, n. Wasdoye ; wayuwaste. 

refinery, n. Wasdoye ti'pi; ma'- 
zayuwastepi. 

refit, vt Piyakaga. 

reflect, vi. Awacin ; awaicicin ; 
wawistenya : he reflected on his 
past life. vt. Fcicawin ehpeya ; 
ehpeya : the mirror reflects the 
light. 

reflection, n. 1. Waawacinpi ; wo- 
awacin ; iapi : a severe reflec- 
tion. 2. Itkom u ; i'cicawin. 
hiyu. 

reflector, n. Iyoyaqpa ehpeya; 
mniokdasin. 

reflex, a. Fcicawii) u. 

reform, vt. P'iya ka'ga ; yuwaste : 
he reformed the whole com- 
munity, vi. Ihduwaste ; waste 
a'ya : the drunkard reformed. 
n. Wayuwastepi. 

reformation, n. Wicayuecetupi. 

reformed, a. Yuecetupi. 

reformer, n. Wayuecetu. 

refortify, vt. Piyaacankaska. 

refract, vt. Yuktan. 

refractory, a. Ocin&ca ; tawacin- 
aiea ; ociijsica. 



refrain, vi. Iyowinyesni ; ihduti- 
tai) ; ipida. — Refrain one's self, 
waipiicida. 

refresh, vt. Yuteca ; oziya ; ma- 
gagaya. 

refreshing, pa. Wayuwaste. 

refreshingly, a. Oiyokipiya. 

refreshment, n. Was'agiciyapi ; 
oziiciyapi ; oi) was'akapi ; wo- 
yute. 

refrigerator, n. Ca'ga opiye. 

refuge, n. Wowinape. — To take 
refuge in, inapa. 

refugee, n. Napapi ; nazica- 
pi. 

refulgent, a. Wiyakpa ; sasa. 

refund, vt. Kicu ; kazuzu. 

refurnish, vt. Piya koyagya ; ta'ku 
icuwa te'ca cee e'hnaka. 

refusable, a. Wicadasnipica. 

refusal, n. 1. Wowicadasni; wi- 
cadasni. 2. Anicapi wooMhi : 
he has the refusal of the horse 
for two days. 

refuse, vt. 1. Wicadasni; he re- 
fused to go. 2. Icu wicadasni : 
he refused the beef. a. Ehpe- 
yapi; si'ca; unpicasni: refuse 
matter, n. Ta'ku ehpeyapi : 
the refuse of the town. 

refutable, a. Yuhpepica ; ayupta- 
pica. 

refutal, n. Woayupte. 

refutation, n. Yuwicakapisni ; yu- 
asdayapi ; woayupte. 

refute, vt. Yutakunisni ; yuwica- 
kesni ; yunpa. 

regain, vt. Ake iyohi; ake ka- 
mna ; e'hdaku. 

regal, a. Wicastayatapi ta'wa ; 
itancan ta'wa. 

regale, vt. Tan'yan kuwa ; maga- 
gaya ; won'Mya. 

regard, vt. Iweceya; en e'toij- 
wan ; awacirj ; ihakta. n. Woi- 
hakta ; woawacin ; woayute : 
J send my regards. — In regard 
to, eciyatanhan. 



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regardful 172 

regardful, a. Ni'na en e'wacin ; 
ni'na we'ceya. 

regardless, a. AwaciijSni. 

regardlessly, adv. AwacinSniyan. 

regency, n. Woitancan e'ekiya un . 

regenerate, a. Te'ca ; teeanien- 
toijpi. vt. Tecanienkaga. 

regeneration, n. Te'cawicatonpi. 

regent, n. E'ekiya itancan ; wa'- 
waijyake ; awanyagkiyapi. 

regiment, n. Akicita optaye tan/- 
ka ; kektopawinge optaye. 

region, n. Makoce. 

register, vt. Owa : register your 
name. vi. Caze owa : he regis- 
tered at the hotel, n. 1. Caze 
oiciwapi wowapi : the hotel reg- 
ister. 2. Okata wi'yute. 3. Wa- 
ehnake. 

registry, n. Owicawapi. 

regress, n. He'ktakiya iyaye. 

regret, vt. Icantefcica; wacinyo- 
kisica ; iciba. 

regretfully, adv. IyoMSinya. 

regular, a. 1. He'cetu ; owotanna : 
a regular physician. 2. Iye- 
hantu ca ; kahantu ca : regular 
services. 

regularity, n. He'cetuwanzica. 

regularly, adv. Iyehanhaijyan. 

regulate, vt. Yuowotanna ; awan- 
yaka ; katinyan econkiya. 

regulation, n. Woope; woawan,- 
yake. 

regulator, n. Wa'wanyake; ma'- 
zaawanyake. 

rehash, vt. Piyakaksaksa. 

rehear, n. Piya nahon ; akta na- 
non. 

rehearsal, n. Ihdaonspepi ; i'to- 
kam iyuteya econpi ; oyakapi. 

rehearse, vt. Oyaka ; akihde oya- 
ka ; e'ya. 

reign, vi. Itancan un ; wawidake ; 
ouijyai). n. Wowidake : in the 
reign of Queen Victoria. 

reimburse, vt. Iyena kicu. 

rein, n. Ikaij; Sungiyuwiikan,. — 



relax 



Give the reins to, iyowiijyai). — 

Take the reins, wicakahapa. 

vt. Ikan. yutins iyeya. 
reindeer, n. Waziyata ta'nca. 
reins, n. Wicapak&in. 
reinstate, vt. Ake ohna elide. 
reinsure, vt. Ake wanuhnanyapi 

M'cicazuzupi o'pekiya. 
reinvest, vt. Ake ma'zaskakicui). 
relnvigorate, vt. Piya mdihenya. 
reissue, vt. Ake iyececa ka'ga. 
reiterate, vt. Akihdehde e'ya. 
reject, vt. Enpeya ; aktasni. 
rejoice, vi. Iyu&kin ; caijtewa&te. 

vt. IyuSkinkiya : you rejoice me. 
rejoicing, n. Wowiyuskin. 
rejoin, vt. 1. Ake o'pa ; ekta ki : 

rejoin his regiment. 2. Ake i'ci- 

koyake : rejoin the pieces, vi. 

Itkom e'ya ; ayupta. 
rejoinder, n. Woayupte. 
rejuvenate, vt. Piya koska ka'ga. 
rekindle, vt. Piya ceti. 
reland, vt. Ake ihuni. 
relapse, vi. I'cicawin. kiwanka. 
relate, vt. Oyaka : he related his 

adventures, vi. Ka ; iyowaza : 

it relates to others. 
related, pa. I'ciyowazapi ; taku- 

relation,n. 1. Takuya.— Too many 
relations, takuya ehaes o'ta. 
2. O'takuye : the relation of 
brother and sister. 3. Woya- 
kapi ; wicowoyake ; woyake. 
4. To'ken i'ciyowazapi : the 
relation of the different parts of 
the body. 

relationship, n. Wotakuye. 

relative, n. Takuya ; wotakuye : 
he is a near relative to me. a. 
Iyowaza ; to'keca etanhan. ; 
waijna ka'pi. 

relator, n. Woyake ; oyake. 

relax, vt. Pataka ; oziya ; yudka ; 
yuzigzica : he relaxed his run- 
ning. — Relax the ropes, hanon- 
ta yuska. 



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relaxation 



173 



remonstrance 



relaxation, n. Oziiciyapi. 

relay, n. Wi'yeya hde'pi : tlie re- 
lay is waiting, vt. Ake aehna- 
ka. 

releasabie, a. Kiyuskapica. 

release, vt. Kiyuska; ayustai). n. 
Kiyuskapi ; oziyapi. 

relent, vt. Iyopeiciya; enakiye. 

relentless, a. Canteyuwinhpica- 
sni. 

relet, vt. Ake owicaku. 

relevant, a. Iyowaza. 

reliable, a. Waoiijyepica ; wicaka. 

reliance, n. Wowacinye. 

relic, n. Ehaijna wokiksuye ; ta'- 
ku ehanna yuhapi. 

relict, n. Wiwazica. 

relief, n. Waokiyapi ; wookiye ; 
niyaijpi. 

relieve, vt. Asniyaij ; o'kiya ; ki- 
yuska. 

relieved, pa. O'kiyapi ; yuskapi. 

religion, n. Wocekiye ; wowakan ; 
woohoda ; wowachjye. 

religions, a. 1. Wakantanka wa- 
cinyan ; waohoda : a religious 
man. 2. Wocekiye wowapi : 
religious books. 3. Wocekiye 
oi) : religious wars. 

religiously, adv. Waohodaya. 

relinquish, vt. 1. Ayustai) ; ena- 
kiye : relinquish his claim. 2. 
Kicu ; eftpeya : relinquish the 
debt. 

relinquishment, n. Enakiyapi. 

relish, vt. Iyokipi ; wastedaka : he 
relished his dinner, n. 1. Woi- 
yokipi; wocaijtahde; dociijpi. 
2. Oi) dociijpi ; icahiyutapi. 

rellshable, a. Ciijpica; iyowica- 
kipi. 

reload, vt. Ake okiksu. 

reloan, vt. Piya oku. 

relocate, vt. Piya i'yotanke. 

reluctancy, n. Econkap'inpi. 

reluctant, a. Ecoijkap'h). 

reluctantly, adv. Ecoijkap'inseca. 

rely, vi. Waciijyai) ; hakam ui). 



remain, vi. Ui) ; yanke : he'cehna 
ui) : Noah only remained. 

remainder, n. Okaptapi ; iyaye. 

remains, n. 1. Ta'ku iyaye ; wo- 
kapte. 2. Wicaka ; taijcaij : they 
buried the remains. 

remake, vt. Piya ka'ga ; ake ka'- 
ga. 

remand, vt. I'cicawii) iyayeya. 

remark, vi. 1. E'ya ; cazeyata : 
he remarked on the beauty of the 
scenery, n. Woeye ; iapi. 

remarkable, a. Okitaniij ; wa'pe- 
tokeca : a remarkable man. 

remarkably, adv. Wa'petogya. 

remarry, vi. Aketawicuton. 

remasticate, vt. Akihde yata. 

remeasure, vt. Akihde iyuta. 

remedial, a. Waasniyan ; wayu- 
waste. 

remedy, n. Ta'ku iwaste ; pezuta. 
vt. Yuwaste ; asniyaij. 

remelt, vt. Akta sdoya. 

remember, vt. Kiksuya. — Remem- 
ber me, mi'ksuya. vi. Waki- 
ksuya : he canH remember. 

remembrance, n. Wokiksuye. 

remembrancer, n. Oi) kiksuyapi. 

remind, vt. Eiksuyeya. 

reminder, n. Wowakta. 

reminiscence, n. Wakiksuyapi; 
ehanna woyakapi. 

remiss, a. Waawaciijsni ; ku'za. 

remission, n. Ki'ciyawapisni. 

remissly, adv. Waaktasniyan. 

remissness, n. Woaktasni. 

remit, vt. 1. Yeya; ku. — Remit 
money, ma'zaska yeya. 2. A'o- 
kpaniya ; ehpeya : remit part 
of the punishment. 3. Eazuzu: 
remit sins. 

remittal, n. Wicakupi ; yeyapi. 

remittance, n. Ma'zaskayeyapi. 

remittent, a. Akeececa ecee. 

remnant, n. Ongeiyaye ; o'pte. 

remodel, vt. Piyakaga. 

remonstrance, n. Tehindapi ; he'- 
cetusni eyapi. 



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remonstrate 174 

remonstrate, vi. Tehiijda; iyoki- 
sni. 

remorse, n. Woiciba; wocai)te- 
siea. 

remorseless, a. IcibaSni. 

remote, a. Ftehai) ; te'han. 

remotely, adv. I'tehai)yai). 

remoteness, n. Otehai) ; wote- 
hai). 

remount, vt. Ake akan iyeiciya. 

removable, a. Tokai) a'yepica. 

removal, w. Tokai) a'yapi. 

remove, vt. Tokai) a'ya ; yutokai). 
vi. Tokai) ya; tokai) i'yotai)- 
ka ; ihdaka ; iyaye : lie removed 
to the country, 

remunerate, a. Kazuzupica. 

remunerate, vt. Kazuzu. 

remuneration, n. Wokazuzu. 

remunerative, a. Wokazuzu yu- 
kai); Y. i&iton. 

rencounter, n. I'tkokicipapi ; oki- 
cize ; wokicize. 

rend, vt. Yuhdeca; (with the teeth) 
yahdeca; (with a missile) bo- 
hdeca; (by cutting) bahdeca; 
(by striking) kahdeca; (with the 
foot) nahdeca ; (one's own) hdu- 
hdeca. 

render, n. Ta'ku kahdeca. vt. Ki- 
cu ; ku ; ecakicoi) ; ka'ga ; oya- 
ka. — Render accounts, oicazo 
oyaka. — Render strong, suta 
ka'ga; ni'na econ. — Render 
into English, Isantanka iapi en 
ka'ga. — Render good service, 
wowa&i taij'yai) econ. — Render 
tlie Church Service, wocekiye 
ka'gapi e'ya. — Render a song, 
odowai) ahiyaya. — Render tal- 
low, wasnaihdi ceguguya. — 
Render vengeance, watokiconpi 
ecakicoi). 

rendering, n. Oecon ; okage. 

rendezvous, n. O'yuwitaya ; omni- 
ciye. vt. Mni'ciya. 

renegade, n. Wicakefcni; nazi- 
caun. 



repent 

renew, vt. • Yuteca ; piya econ ; 

piya ka'ga ; ake icu. 
renewable, a. Piya kahpica. 
renewal, n. Piya ka'gapi ; ake 

icupi. 
renewedly, adv. Pipiya ; ake. 
rennet, n. Ptezicedan nige sku- 

mnayapi. 
renounce, vt. Ehpeya ; ayustan. 
renovate, vt. Piyakaga ; yuteca. 
renovation, n. Yutecapi. 
renovator, n. Oi) wayuteoapi. 
renown, n. Wokitaijii). 
renowned, a. Okitanii). 
rent, n. 1 Makoce odotapi wo- 
kazuzu; wokazuzu. 2. Oyn- 

hdeca; oko. vt. Oku; odota. 

v. imp. of rend. Yuhdeca ; 

the flag oas rent in twain. 
renter, n. Waodota. 
renunciation, n. Woenakiye ; ena- 

kiyapi ; ehpeyapi. 
reoccupy, vt. Ake yuha. 
reopen, vt. Ake yuhdoka. 
reorganize, vt. Piyakaga. 
repaint, vt. Piyasanyai). 
repair, vt. Piya ; piyakaga ; ece- 

tuya. n. Piyakagapi. vi. Iya- 

ya. 
repairable, a. Piyepica. 
repairer, n. Wapiya. 
reparation, n. Piyapi ; yuecetupi. 
repartee, n. Woayupte. 
repass, vt. Ake hiyaye. 
repast, n. Wotapi. 
repay, vt. Kicu ; ki'cicazuzu. 
repeal, vt. Ecetu&niya ; yuzuzu. 
repealable, a. Yutokecapica. 
repeat, vt, Akihdeeya; akeeya; 

akeecon. w. Akihdeecoijpi. 
repeatedly, adv. Akihdehde. 
repeater, n. Akihdeecoi) ; ma'za- 

kai) o'taiyaye. 
repeating, pa. Akihdehde ecoi). 
repel, vt. • Iyayeya ; i'tkokipa ; 

itkom ehpeya. 
repent, vi. Iyopeiciya ; woahtani 

etanhai) ihduhomni. 



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repentance 



175 



reputed 



repentance, n. Iyopeiciya ; woiyo- 

peiciye. 
repentant, a. 1. Iyopeiciya : he 

repentant stands. 2. Iyopeici- 

yapi : repentant tears. 
repeople, vt. Ake oyate en ounye- 

wicaya. 
repetition, n. Akihde econpi ; aki- 

hde eyapi. 
repine, vi. Iyoki&ica. 
replace, vt. E'kihnaka; iyena 

e'hnaka ; iyececa e'hnaka. 
replant, vt. Akta ozu. 
replenish, vt. Ake ozuya. 
replete, a. Ozndan. 
replevin, n. Ikikcupi wowapi. 
reply, vt. Ayupta. n. Woayupte. 
report, vt. Oyaka ; ecen owa. vi. 

Wawoyaka ; ohdaka. n. 1 . Owo- 

hdake ; wawoyake : he made his 

report. 2. Cazeyatapi : of good 

report. 3. Bu : the report of a 

gun. 
reporter, n. Woyaka; wotaijii) 

ka'ga ; iapi owakiyapi. 
repose, vi. Wanka ; iozi wanka. 

vt. Owanzi e'hnaka. n. Woo- 

zi. 
repository, n. Womnaye ; omnaye. 
repossess, vt. Ake hduha. 
reprehend, vt. Iyopeya. 
reprehensive, a. Iyopeyapi. 
represent, vt. 1. Pazo ; oyaka : as 

he represented it. 2. E'ekiya 

na'zin : he represented Svuth 

Dakota in the Senate. 
representation, n. Woyake ; tu'we 

ki'cinazin. 
representative, n. E'ekiya na'zin ; 

oyate kahnih yesipi. a. Wa- 

hehantupi ; oyate iyececa. 
repress, vt. Yuhukun iyeya ; yu- 

titan yu'za ; yuasni. 
repression, n. Yusnipi. 
reprieve, vt. Woiyopeye ki'cica- 

zuzu. 
reprimand, vt. Iyopeya ; wahokon- 

kiya. 



reprint, vt. Akta ma'zaehde. n. 

Akta ka'gapi. 
reproach, vt. Ba ; iyopeya. n. 1. 

Woba ; woyaSica. 2. Wowtete- 

ca ; o&tehdapi. 
reproachable, a. Bapica. 
reproachful, a. 1. Wabapi ; woya- 

Sica : a reproachful speech. 2. 

WahteSni ; woiyaonpa. 
reprobate, a. Yuwastepicasni ; 

fci'ca. 
reproduce, vt. Ake icahya; ake 

ecen ka'ga. 
reproof, n. Woiyopeya ; wowaho- 

koijkiya ; woba. 
reprovable, a. Iyopayepica. 
reproval, n. Iyopeyapi. 
reprove, vt. Iyopeya; wahokon- 

kiya. 
reprover, n. Wawiyopeya. 
reprovingly* adv. Iyopeya. 
reptile, n. Wamduska ; ta'ku ma- 

ka asdohan. 
republic, n. Oyate itaijcan i'ye 

ihdahnigapi.- 
Republican, n. 1. Waziyatawica- 

sta. 2. Itancai) i'ye ihdahni- 
gapi. 
republication, n. Aktayaotaniijpi ; 

wowapi akta ka'gapi. 
republish, vt. Wowapi akta ka'ga ; 

akta ka'ga. 
repudiate, vt. Ehpeye; ta'waye- 

sni. 
repugnant, a. Tehika ; wahtesni ; 

si'cedapi. 
repulse, vt. Iyayeya ; napeya. n. 

Iyayapi ; wonazica. 
repulsive, a. Wahtedapisni ; woi- 

yokipisni. 
repurchase, vt. Ake opetoi). 
reputable, a. Okinihai) ; yuoni- 

hanpi. 
reputation, n. Wacinkiyuzapi ; 

wookitanin ; cazet 
repute, vt. Otanin ; keyapi ; ecin. 

n. Woyaotanii) ; woyuonihan. 
reputed, pa. Oyakapi; otanin. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



request 176 

request, vt. Da ; kida ; okiciciij ; 
ce'kiya ; eciya. n. 1. Wadapi ; 
wokicinpi : what is your re- 
quest. 2. Ta'ku da'pi : he gave 
them their request. 

requiem, n. Wicahnakapi odowai). 

require, vt. 1. Econsi ; econkiya ; 
kica; kida. He requires two 
long lessons. 2. Ciij ; e'cedai) 
on okihi kta. 

requirement, n. Waecoijwicaki- 
yapi ; woecoi) . 

requisite, a. Cin'pi ; cin/pi iyece- 
ca ; ka'pi ; ka'pi iyenakeca. n. 
Yucokapicasni. 

requisition, n. Wadapi; wadapi 
wowapi. 

requital, n. Wakazuzupi ; watoki- 
conpi. 

requite, vt. Itkom ecakicoi) ; ka- 
zuzu ; tokicon. 

rescind, vt. Yutokeca; baspa; 
ehpeya. 

rescue, vt. E'hdaku ; nikiya ; ki- 
yuska: he rescued his brother. 
— Rescue from the grave, wica- 
hnakapi etanhai) e'hdaku ; ni- 
kiya. n. Waehdakupi ; niyanpi. 

rescuer, n. Waehdaku ; wanikiya. 

research, n. Waawacinpi ; wa'ki- 
tapi ; akta odepi. 

reseize, vt. Akta oyuspa. 

resell, vt. Akihde wi'yopeya. 

resemblance, n. Woakidececa ; 
wowanka. 

resemble, vt. Iyececa ; kinma : he 
resembles Washing ton. — John 
resembles his father , John atku- 
ku kinma. 

resent, vt. Sihda ; to'kicoi). 

resentful, a. Watokicons'a. 

resentment, n. Wosihda ; watoki- 
conpi. 

reservation, n. Onspa ohdaptapi ; 
makoce onspa hduhapi. — Men- 
tal reservation y tawacirj on spa 
nahmanpi. 

reserve, vt. Kihnaka ; patarj ; oka- 



resolve 



pta : he reserved a few of flte 
best. n. 1. Kihnakapi : a re- 
serve of oil. 2. Waanahmanjpi ; 
wi'stecapi. — Throw off reserve, 
wi'stecapi eftpeya. 3. Akicita 
ospaye neyam kihnakapi : bring 
up the reserves. 

reserved, pa. Wi'steca ; inina un. 

reservoir, n. Mini omnaye ; mde- 
kagapi. 

reset, vt. Piya e'hde ; piya ma'- 
zaehde. 

resettle, vt. Piya ahiyotanka. 

reship, vt. Piya iyayeya ; iyoopta 
toksuwicakiya. 

reside, vi. Ti ; wanka. 

residence, n. Ti'pi ; ohna ti. 

resident, n. Oti ; en ti. 

residuary, a. To'na iyaye. 

residue, n. Iyaye ; okapta. 

residuum, n. Ta'ku ihe. 

resign, vt. Enakiya ; kicu. 

resignation, n. 1. EnaMyapi ; wo- 
enakiye ; ayustai) kta eyapi : 
his resignation was accepted. 
2. Woiyowinkiye ; wowicada : 
the spirit of resignation. 

resignedly, adv. Iyowinyai). 

resin, n. Can sir). 

resinous, a. Cansinsin. 

resist, vt. rtkokipa : kipazin ; 
itkom inazin. 

resistance, n. Wokipazin ; wopa- 
tan ; i'tkokipapi. 

resistible, a. I'tkokipepica. 

resistless, a. I'tkokipepicaani. 

resolute, a. Cantejinza ; tawacin 
suta. 

resolutely, adv. Inihansniyan ; 
a'wicakehai). 

resolution, n. 1. Wocantetfnza : 
wowacintonka : he acted with 
resolution. 2. Woyaco; yaco- 
pi ; yukcaijpi : the resolution of 
the difficulty. 3. Woyaotanii) : 
the meeting adopted resolutions. 

resolve, vt. 1. Yaco; yasu; yu- 
stan : resolve a riddle. 2. Ya- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



resonance 

stan ; yaotanii) : it was resolved 
by the Synod, vi. Kon'za ; ici- 
conza : I resolved to quit drink- 
ing, n. Woiciconza. 

resonance, n. Sna ; wosna ; bu. 

resonant, a. Sna'sna ; bu'bu. 

resort, vi. Ta ; inapa ; akita. n. 
Tukten ni'na ai ; o'yuwitaya : 
a summer resort. 

resound, vt. Yaotanii) ; kaiyowa- 
za : the cliffs resound the lay. 
vi. Otanin ; ho'tanii) ; bu. 

resource, n. 1. Wowaciijye ; wo- 
winape: his last resource. 2. 
(pi.) Woyuha ; wokihnake ; 
wowizice. 

resow, vt. AMhde ozu. 

respect, vt. 1. Ohoda ; ahopa ; ki- 
nihan : respect old age. 2. En 
e'towan. n. Woohoda; woyuo- 
nihan ; wowastedake : give him 
my respects. 

respectability, n. Wokmihan. 

respectable, a. I. Okinihai) waste : 
a respectable man. 2. Wahe- 
hantu ; tan'yan : a respectable 
congregation. 

respectably, adv. Okinihai) yan. 

respectful, a. Waohoda ; wapa- 
kai). 

respectfully, adv. Yuonihanyan. 

respecting, prep. Eciyatanhan. 

respective, a. Iyohi: their respect- 
ive places. 

respectively, adv. Iyohiya. 

respell, vt. Akta e'ya ; akta oowa 
cazeyata. 

respirable, a. Yahotapica; niya- 
pi waste. 

respiration, n. Oniya ; niyapi. 

respire, vi. Niya ; yahota ; temni 
asniiciya. 

respite, n. Woenakiye; oziici- 

y ftpi - ^ 

resplendence, n. Wowiyakpa. 
resplendent, a. Wiyakpa. 
resplendently, adv. Wiyakpaya. 
respond, vi. Ayupta ; ecakicoi). 



177 restoration 



respondent, n. Waaynpta. 

response, n. Woayupte : the re- 
sponses of the service. 

responsibility, n. 1. Iyowasicidapi ; 
waawacinpi : a sense of respon- 
sibility. 2. Woawanyake; ta'- 
ku ecorjkiyapi : he has many 
responsibilities. 3. Wookihi ; 
ta'ku okihi : a man of respon- 
sibility. 

responsible, a. Wacinyepica ; wa- 
okihi. 

responsive, a. Akiciyupta. 

responsiveiy, adv. Akiciyupteya ; 
unmanitogto. 

rest, n. 1. Woozi; ozikiyapu give 
him rest. 2. Ipatan ; oahehde : 
put a rest to the beam. 3. (Mus. ) 
Ho'oziyapi ; ho'enakiyapi : the 
bass has a rest. 4. Uijmanpi ; 
en un'pi sni : the rest of the 
family. 5. To'na iyaye : I sold 
half and kept the rest. vt. 1. 
Oziya ; ozikiya : he rested the 
animals. 2. E'hde ; e'hnaka : 
he rested the foot on the ground, 
vi. 1. Owanzi un ; okihpa ; 
oziiciya : he rested on the Sab- 
bath. 2. Han ; wanka. 

restate, vt. Akihde e'ya. 

restaurant, n. Inahni wotapi ti'pi. 

restful, a. Oziyapi ; en ozikiyapi 
waste. 

restitution, n. Wokazuzu; wica- 
kicupi. 

restive, a. Iyowinyesni ; ske'he. 

restiveness, n. Woskehe. 

restless, a. 1. To'ken iyokipi tai)- 
ii) sni ; owanzi un sni : the sick 
boy teas restless. 2. Ayustan 
sni ; ohinni akanskai) : the rest- 
less waves. 

restlessly, adv. Iyokipisniyan ; 
enakiya okihisni. 

restorable, a. Asniyepica ; ekice- 
tuyepica. 

restoration, n. Ekicetuyapi ; ki- 
cupi j ake ecorjkiyapi. 



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restorative 178 

restorative, a. Ekicetuya ; wayu- 

waste. n. Oil ekicetuyapi. 
restore, vt. 1. Ekicetuya : restore 

his health. 2. Kieu : restore the 

stolen money. 3. Ake ohna- 

ka. 
restorer, n. Waekicetuya. 
restrain, vt Yutitai) yu'za ; kagi- 

ya ; anapta. 
restrainable, a. Yuspica ; anapte- 

pica. 
restraint, n. Wokagi woarapte. 
restrict, vt. Henana iyowinyan ; 

hehaijyena iyowinyan ; kaska. 
restriction, n. Wokagi ; woanapte ; 

woope. 
restrictive, adv. Wakagiya. 
resubjection, n. Ake wowidagyapi. 
result, n. 1. Owihanke ; oicago ; 

to'ketu ; woyustan : what is the 

result, vi. (with in) Aieage ; 

etanhan icage ; icaga. 
resuitaot, n. Woicage. 
resultless, a. Ituya ; ta'kudan ica- 

gefcni. 
resumable, a. Ake okihi. 
resume, vt. Ake econ ; ikikcu ; 

ake a'ya. n. O'yuwitaya. 
resummon, vt. Ake kico. 
resumption, n. Ake econpi. 
resupply, vt. Ake ku. 
resurrection, n. Woekicetu. 
resurvey, vt. Akta iyuta (makoce 

ka'pi). 
resuscitate, vt. Ake niyakiya. 
retail, vt. Yuksaksa wi'yopeya; 

onspaspa wiyopeya. 
retain, vt. Hduha ; anica ; ecehna 

hduha. 
retainable, a. Hduhepica. 
retainer, n. 1. Wahduhe; yuha 

un : the retainer of the goods. 

2. Wokazuzu ; wi'si : the lawyer 

wants a retainer of Jive dollars. 
retake, vt. Ake icu ; hdu'ze. 
retaliate, vt To'kicon ; watoki- 

COI). 

retaliation, n. Watokiconpi. 



retrograde 

retard, vt. Kagiya ; yutehan. 
retch, vi. Hde'pektehca. 
retention, n. Wahduhapi ; te'han 

hdu'zapi ; wacii)tai)kapi ; ki- 

ksuyapi ; anicapi. 
retentive, a. Wahduhaha. 
reticence, n. I'ihdonicapi; inina 

un'pi. 
reticent, a. Inina un. 
reticule, n. Panbotka ; un/ksuna. 
I retina, n. I&tacatku. 
I retinue, n. Itancan taoptaye. 
I retire, vi. Heyata iyeya; ihdu- 

heyapa ; enakiya ; wanka. — 

He retired from the battle , oki- 
, cize etanhan ihduheyapa. — 
t Retiring pension, enakiyapi 

ehan o'kiyapi. vt. Ayustaij- 

kiya ; pazuzu. 
retirement, n. Enakiyapi : wona- 

hbe. 
retiring, pa. 1. Wi'steca; manin 

ui) : of retiring habit. 2. Ena- 
kiya. 
retort, vt. Itkom e'ya ; itkom iye- 
ya. vi. Ttkokipa; ayupta. n. 

"Woayupte; akieiyuptapi; itkom 

eyapi. 
retrace, vt. I'cicawin ya ; i'cipas 

ya. 
retract, vt. E'hdaku ; iapi e'hda- 

ku. vi. Waehdaku ; enakiye. 
retraction, n. Waehdakupi ; nati- 

papi. 
retranslate, vt. Akihde ieskakiya. 
retreat, vi. I'cicawan u; he'kta 

hdicu : the army retreated, n. 

i'cicawin hdicupi ; napapi. 
retrench, vt. Yuaokpaniya; raa'- 

zaska to'nana yusota. vi. Wa- 

kpatai). 
retrenchment, n. Wakpatanpi ; 

yuaokpaniyapi ; maka okapi. 
retribution, n. Wakazuzupi ; wo- 

iyopeye. 
retrieve, vt. Yuasni ; ekicetuya. 
retrograde, vi. He'kta iyayafkun 

ya; hun'kesni a'ya. 



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retrospect 179 

retrospect, n. Piyaiwarjyakapi ; 
he'kta e'torjwarjpi. 

retrospection, n. He'kta e'torj- 
warjpi. 

return, vi. 1. Ake ku ; hdi ; ake 
hi ; ihduhomni : J returned to- 
day, vt. Kicu ; ki'cicahdi : he 
returned the book. 2. ?u : oki- 
yaka : to return answer, n. 1. 
Hdi; ake hi: they rejoiced at 
his return. 2. Kicupi ; kazu- 
zupi : a return for services. 3. 
Wicohai) owapi ; owicawapi : 
he has completed his returns. — 
At the return of the year f o'ma- 
ka iyehantu kinharj . — In return, 
itkom. — Cause to return, hdi- 
cuya. 

returnable, a. Kicupica; hdicu- 
pica. 

reunion, n. 1. Hdiwitayapi ; mni'- 
ciyapi : a soldier's reunion. 2. 
Ake icikoyagyapi. 

reunite, vt. Ake icikoyagya ; ake 
yuwitaya. 

Rev. abbreviation for Reverend. 

revaluation, n. Akta iyawapi. 

reveal, vt. 1. Yuzamni ; yutarjirj : 
he revealed the hidden wealth. 
2. Yaotarjirj ; oyaka. 

reveille, n. Arj'pao wakabupi. 

revel, vi. Witkoya wota; witko- 
koi)s skata. 

revelation, n. 1. Wayuotarjirj : the 
Revelation of St. John. 2. Ta'- 
ku yuzamnipi; woiiahbe oya- 
kapi : it was a revelation to 
me. 

reveler, n. Witkos'a. 

revelry, n. Witko skarj'pi; witko- 
dowarjpi. 

revenge, vt. Tokicorj ; watokicorj. 
n. Watokicorj pi. 

revengeful, a. Watokicorj s'a. 

revenger, n. Watokicorj. 

revenue, n. 1. Wolmnna; woka- 
zuzu : the revenue of the govern- 
ment. 



reviler 



revenue-cutter, n. Wa'ta womnaye 
awai)yake. 

reverberate, vi. Kaiyowaze ; bu ; 
kawirjhwirjh iyaye. 

reverberation, n. Wokawinge ; hu- 
huzahai). 

revere, vt. Ohoda ; kinihai). 

reverence, n. 1. Woohoda ; woki- 
nihai). — They treated him with 
reverence, wokiniharj on kuwa- 
pi. 2. Kinihanpi; tu'we kini- 
hanpi ; itancarj : his reverence 
is sick. vt. Kinihai) ; yuoni- 
hai) : reverence your teachers. 

Reverend, a. Wicastawakaij. 

reverend, a. Okinihaij. 

reverent, a. Wokinihan ; waohoda. 

reverently, adv. Kinihanyan. 

revery, reverie, n. Istirjbesni ihai)- 
mnapi. 

reversal, n. Yutokecapi. 

reverse, vt. Yutokeca ; yuhomni ; 
unmarj eciyatanhai) iyeya : re- 
versed the decision, n. Urjman 
eciyatarjhai) ; woyuhomni ; yu- 
homnipi : the reverse is whiet. 
a. To'keca; urjmarj. 

reversed, pa. Yuhomnipi ; unmaij 
eciyatarjhai) iyeyapi. 

reversible, a. Yutokecapica. 

reversion, n. Yuhomnipi; i'cica- 
wii) hdi. 

revert, vt. Yuhomni ; i'cicawirj 
yeya : revert the current, vi. 
1. I'cicawirj ki ; hdi : the prop- 
erty reverted. 2. Ekta wachj- 
yeya ; cazeyata : he reverted to 
the incident. 

review, vt. Iwarjyaka; amdeza; 
akta iwarjyaka ; amdesyayawa. 
n. 1. Akta iwarjyakapi : a re- 
view of the lesson. 2. (Mil.) Aki- 
cita ikpazowicayapi. 3. Wowa- 
pi amdezapi. 4. Wowapi tak 
eyapi oyakapi. 

reviewer, n. Wa'mdeza. 

revile, vt. Yasica ; ostehda. 

reviler, n. Wayasica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



revisal 

revisal, n. Apiyapi. 

revise, vt. Piya ; piya owa ; piya 
ka'ga. 

reviser, n. Piyakaga. 

revision, n. Piya-kagapi. 

revisit, vt. Ake waijyagi. 

revival, n. Piyaecoijpi; wicayu- 
hicapi : nikiyapi. 

revivalist, n. Wicayuhica. 

revive, vt. Kiniya ; mdesya ; yu- 
hica; mdihenya; ikikcu. — Re- 
vive learning, woonape yuhica. 
— Revive the story, woyakapiake 
nikiya. — Revive my thoughts, 
mitawacin mdesya. vi. Kini; 

' kimdiheca. 

revivify, vt. Nikiya ; mdeskiya. 

revocable, a. Tatokecapica. 

revocation, n. Tatokecapi. 

revoke, vt. Yatokeca; yatakuni- 
sni : revoke a law. 

revolt, vi. Ayustan ; itancan ehpe- 
ya ; kipazii) ; itkom inazii). n. 
Wokipazii) ; ayustanpi. 

revolter, n. Wakipazin. 

revolution, n. 1. Oyuhomni ; yu- 
homnipi : two revolutions of the 
wheel. 2. Itancan yutokecapi ; 
wokipazii) ; woskiske : a na- 
tional revolution. 

revolutionary, a. Oyato yutokeca- 
pi ; wawakipazinpi : a revolu- 
tionary soldier. 

revolutionist, n. Wayutokeca. 

revolutionize, vt. Yutokeca ; te'ca 
ka'ga. 

revolve, vi. Yuhomni ; pahmihma. 
vt. 1. Yuhomni : revolve the 
wheel. 2. Awacin ; yuptanptai) : 
he revolved the subject in his 
mind. 

revolver, n. Ma'zakanptecedai) ; 
o'taiyaye. 

revulsion, n. Wowafttedasni ; wo- 
wicadasni. 

reward, vt. Itkom ecakicon. ; ki'- 
cicazuzu; ku. n. Wokazuzu; 
wi'si. 



180 rickety 

rewarder, n. Wicakicicazuzu. 
rewardless, a. Wokazuzu co'dan. 
rewrite, vt. Akta owa. 
reynard, n. Sungidan ; sungi. 
rhapsody, n. Odowan kagapi. 
rhetoric, n. Iapi wakahnigapi. 
rhetorician, n. Iapi wakahnigeca ; 

iapi onspewicakiya. 
rheumatism, n. Cehpi yazanpi ; 

o'kihe yazanpi. 
rhinoceros, n. Pasuheton. 
rhomb, n. To'pa icagopi atakin- 

yaij cuwi a'kidehankeca. 
rhomboid, n. To'pa icagopi ata- 

kinyan. 
rhubarb, n. Iyoptaiyeyapizi ; can- 

hdofruhu opemni ka'gapi. 
rhyme, n. Ho'wanzidan hinfrpaya. 

vi. Odowan ka'ga; cankuye 

ihanke ho wanzina ka'ga. 
rhymeless, a. Ho akidececa sni. 
rhymer, w. Odowan ka'ga. 
rhythm, n. Odowan, ca'hde ; ho'- 

iyape. 
rib, n. Cutuhu. — Short rib, cu- 

custe. 
ribald, n. Tu'we ia wahtesni. 
ribaldry, n. Iapi siksica. 
ribbon, n. &inaapahdate. 
rice, n. Psii). — Wild rice, psin. — 

Tame rice, psin ska. 
rich, a. 1. Wi'zica ; watonka : a 

rich man. 2. Napin. : rich food. 

3. Waieahya ; waste : a rich 

soil. 4. Wi'ciyokipi ; nagi wi'- 

piya : rich music. 5. O'ta iya- 

wapi ; tehika : a rich dress. 6. 

Mde'ze jokitanin : rich colors. 
riches, n. Wowizice. 
richly, adv. 1. Wi'zinya : richly 

dressed. 2. Ohanpiya ; o'ta : 

richly paid. 3. A'wicakehan : 

he richly deserved a whipping. 
richness, n. Owizica ; wi'wica- 

zice. 
rick, n. Pahahanska. 
rickets, n. Tan can osteka. 
rickety, a. Osteka ; ptaqptanna. 



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rid 181 

rid, vt. Enpeya; etanhai) ihdu- 
spe. 

riddance, n. Wiihduspapi; ihdu- 
tokaijpi. 

ridden, pp. of ride. 

riddle, n. 1. Wi'yucantai)ka : the 
riddle don't shake. 2. Wowiyu- 
kcai) ; wi'yukcan tehika : he 
spake in riddles, vt. 1. Yucan- 
cai) : riddle the wheat. 2. Bo- 
ndondoka : riddled with balls. 

ride, vt. Akaijyotanka ; hiyaya; 
iyaya ; ya : ride the colt. — Ride 
easy, iwastedai) ya. — Bide on, 
iyooptaya. n. Omanipi; eui)g- 
akan omanipi ; caijpahmihma 
ohna omanipi ; akanyaijg ya. 

rider, n. 1. Akanyanka: the horse 
and his rider. 2. Wowapi on/- 
spa ehake ka'gapi : the Ap- 
propriation Bill had too many 
riders. 

riderless, a. Tu'wedan akanyan- 
kesni. 

ridge, n. fie ; paha ; mdamdate ; 
bio : climb the ridge. — The ridge 
of the house, ticeska. vt. Paha 
ka'ga ; akata. 

ridgy, a. Pahaha yeya ; pahaha. 

ridicule, n. Wawihahapi. vt. Ina- 
ha. 

ridiculous, a. Wowihaha. 

ridiculously, adv. Wowihaya. 

riding, a. Akaijyankapi. 

riding-school, n. Sungakanyanka- 
pi oqspewicakiyapi. 

rife, a. Ni'na yukan ; o'ta. 

rifle, n. Ma'zakai) suwanzi ; sda- 
yaozupi. vt. Bo'tica; manor). 

rifleman, n. Wakutewicasta ; aki- 
cita. 

rifle-pit, n. Akieita makaokapi. 

rift, n. Onasdeca. 

rig, n. Heyake ; ta'ku ikoyake. 
vt. Ikoyagya ; ikoyaka. — Big a 
ship, wi'tawata sina ikoyagya. 

figging, n. Wi'tawata ikan. 

right, a. 1. Owotanna; he'cetu. 



rile 



— What is right, ta'ku owatan- 
na. — That is right, he'cetu. — 
A right line, icazopi owotanna. 
2. E'e ; he'e : that is the right 
book. 3. Wicaka : you are righ t. 

4. Waste ; tanyan ; hehantu : 
disappointed on the right side. 

5. Etapa ; Y. onspeapatanhan : 
the right hand. 6. Akapatan- 
han : the right side. 7. (Math.) 
Bosdatu; owotanna; it an can. 
— A right angle, okanmin. owo- 
tanna. adv. 1. Owotanna : do 
right. 2. Katiijyai) : go right 
along. 3. fiii) ; J". Mil) ; hea ; 
hcii) : right tcell. — light away ; 
right off, katinyan. ; hdaheya. 
n. Woowotanna : he was in the 
right. 2. Wicitawa ; ta'ku ta'- 
wa ; wowasake : an Indian has 
no rights under the law. vt. Yu- 
owotanna ; yuwaste. 

righten, vt. Yuowotanna. 

righteous, a. Owotanna. 

righteously, adv. Owotanna ; tan/- 
yan. 

righteousness, n. Woowotanna. 

rightful, a. Owotanna; iyecetu; 
wicaka. 

rightfully, adv. Tan'yan. ; owotan- 
na. 

rightfulness, n. Woowotanna. 

right-handed, a. Nape-etapa. 

rightly, a. Owotanna; tan'yai). 

rightminded, a. Tawacin. owotan- 
na. 

lightness, n. Woowotanna. 

rigid, a. 1. Path) ; sa'ka : rigid 
limbs. 2. Suta ; ke'za ; tehika : 
a rigid teacher. 

rigidly, adv. Sutaya ; tehiya. 

rigmarole, n. Ituyacin iapi. 

rigor, n. Wosuta ; wotehi. 

rigorous, a. Tehika ; suta ; yutoke- 
capicasni. 

rigorously, adv. Tehiya; a'wica- 
keya. 

rile, vt. 1. Yusose : rile the water. 



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rill 182 

2. Caijzeya : the pupils riled the 
teacher. — To be riled, caijze. 

rill, n. Wakpadai) ; T. wakpala. 

rim, n. Tete ; ce'ga tete. 

rimple, n. Oyukfiiza ; ta'zana. vt. 
Yuksiksiza. 

rind, n. Ha; ozuha. 

rindless, a. Hawanica. 

ring, n. 1. Ta'ku mima; ta'ku 
mibe; caijhdeska; ma'zacai)- 
hdeska : a ring round the moon. 
2. Ma'zanapcupe ; Y. maziyo- 
hdi ; T. napsiohli : he put a ring 
on his finger. — The rings on a 
coio's horn, oyuhi. vt. Yuhda ; 
T. yuhla ; yusna ; kakoka : ring 
the hells. — To ring by striking, 
kahda. — To ring with the hand, 
yuhda. vi. 1. fida : the church 
bell rang. 2. Sna ; snasna : it 
rang in my ear. 3. Bu ; bu'bu ; 
ko'ka : the house rang with the 
music. 

ringed, a. Mibebe ; hdeskaska. 

ringer, n. Wakahda. 

ringleader, n. Tokahai) ; itaijcai). 

ringlet, n. Paha oyumniza. 

ringstreaked, a. Hdeskaska ; hde- 
hdeze. 

ringworm, n. Yumniahinapa. 

rinse, vt. Ehake yuzaza. 

riot, n. Owodutatoq. vi. Owo- 
dutatoi) ka'ga : wicayuhnaskii)- 
yai). 

rioter, w. Wahnaskirjyaij. 

riotous, a. Sinyaohaijyaij ; wayu- 
skiska. 

rip, vi. Yumna ; yumdaza ; basde- 
ca. — Rip a seam, yumna. — Hip 
the hide, ha yumdaza. — Hip 
open a sack, -wozuha yusdeca. 
Rip up the fioor, owanka yu- 
sdoka. — Rip a board, canmda- 
ska basdeca. n. Oyumna ; oyu- 
hdeca. 

ripe, a. 1. Suton ; wanna waste : 
the wheat is ripe. 2. Ton, 'ye : a 
ripe tumor. 3. Wanna ihunni ; 



risk 



waokihi ; ksa'pa : a ripe scholar. 
4. Wi'yeya un : ripe for war. 

ripen, vi. 1. Suton a'ya ; gi a'ya : 
the fruit ripens. 2. Iyecetu 
a'ya ; ihduwiyeya ; piiciya : 
ripen for glory, vt. Sutonye ; 
yustan, ; ksamya. 

ripeness, n. Wosutoi) ; woksape 
okihi. 

ripper, n. Wayumna ; wabamdaza. 

ripping, n. Wayumnapi; waba- , 
mdazapi. 

ripple, n. Mnitaza ; mnitata vi. 
Tastaza ; taza a'ya. 

rip-saw, n. Caijibaksa oi) basde- 
capi. 

rise, rose, vi. 1. Waijkan ya ; waij- 
kan u : smoke rises. 2. Wan- 
kankan ya ; waijkan yeya ; waij- 
kan waijka. 3. Na'ziij ; inazii) ; 
na'ziijhai) na'ziij : the boys all 
rose. 4. Kikta ; inazii) : / rise 
at five o'clock. — I rise early, hai)- 
wekta. — You rise early, hai)- 
yekta. — He nses early, kaijki- 
kta. 4. Waijkan u ; minitai) : 
the river rises. 6 Hinaqpa: the 
sun rises. 7. Ahinanpa : an 
eruption arose on his back. 8. 
Icaga ; toka uya : the river rises 
in Canada. 9. San/pa tan/ka 
a'ya : his fame rose. 10. Ece- 
ca ; icaga : the fever rose. 11. 
Kini : Christ rose from the dead. 
12. I'taijwaijkaijhde ya : as he 
rose the hill. 13. I'taijwaijkaij- 
hde waijka : rising ground. 14. 
Waijkan yawapi: wheat rose, 
n. 1. Waijkan ya ; minitai) : a 
rise of ten feet. 2. Oicage : 
takes its rise in the mountains. 

riser, n. Wakikta. — Early riser, 
haijkikta. 

risible, a. Wowiha ; wawihaye. 

rising, n. 1. Ohinape ; inaziijpi. 
2. Po ; waijkan u. pa. Icaga ; 
waijkan u. 

risk, n. Wokokipe ; wotohnake ; 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



risky 

otolinakapi. vt. Otohnake ; oko- 
kipeya e'hnaka ; iyowiijyarj ; 
iyuta. 

risky, a. Okokipe. 

rite, n. Wocekiye opiiciyapi wi- 
cohan ; oskiijciyapi. 

ritual, a. Woope opiiciyapi ; wo- 
cekiye oskiijciye wowapi. 

ritualist, n. Opiiciyapi wakitai). 

rival, n. Kici ecoi) ; kici akinica. 
a. Kicipatitan : rival societies 
vt. Kapewacii) ; unman tukte 
tokahai) taijii) sni. 

rivalry, n. Waakinicapi. 

rive, vt. Kasdeca ; pasdeca. 

riven, pa. Basdecapi. 

river, n. Wakpa; watpa: Mis- 
souri river. — Across (or over) 
the river, akasaijpa.— By the 
river, wakpicahda. — Down the 
river, o'kah; Y. & T. hu'tam. 

• — Up the river, tatowam; Y. & 
T. in'kpata. 

rivet, n. Ma'zaiyokatan ; iostaij. 
vt. Okatan ; i'ciyokatai). 

rivulet, n. Wakpadai) ; wakpa ci'- 
stiiina. 

road, n. Caijku ; ocai)ku. . 

road-bed, n. flemani canku. 

roadster, n. Oicimani sunk'tan- 
ka. 

roam, vi. Ituomani ; to'ken cin/- 
cii) omani. n. Wi'kcekce oma- 
nipi. 

roan, a. Hiij'hota. 

roar, vi. 1 . Hotoi) ; ho'tanka ho- 
toi) : the lion roared. 2. S'a ; 
bu ; o#n. : the waves roared. 3. 
Iba^ata : the boys roared 4. 
Owodutatoi) : they made things 
roar. n. Hotoqpi ; bu ; s'a. 

roarer, n. Hotoijs'a ; wohitika. 

roast, vt. 1. Ceonpa : roast the 
meat. 2. Papanya: roast the 
corn. — Boast on a stick, pa- 
snoi). n. Ceonpapi ; waceoijpa. 

rob, vt. Ki ; makinon. 

robber, n. Wamanonwicasta. 



183 roU 

robbery, n. Wamanoijpi ; wawica- 

kipi. 
robe, n. Sina; sanksannica. — 

Buffalo-robe, ptehasina ; sina- 

hinsma ; tagicaha. vt. Koyag- 

ya ; akahpa : the fields are 

robed %n green. 
robin, n. Sisoka. 
robust, a. Was'aka ; suta. 
robustly, adv. Was'agya. 
rock, n. Imniza; iij'yantanka; 

in'yai). vt. Nahuhuza ; paptaq 
* iyeya. 
rocker, n. Ohna ikpahuhuzapi ; 

wikpahuhuze ; wikpahuhuze si- 

cu. 
rocket, n. Petizanzai) wi'cute. 
rocking-chair, w. Can'ikpahuhuze. 
rocking-horse, n. Suqgakan ikpa* 

huhuze. 
Rock Island, n. pr. Wi'tawakai). 
rock-moss, n. Iij'yai) waanunu. 
rock-salt, n. Miniskuya sa'ka. 
rocky, w. In/yai) o'ta ; in/yai). 
rod, n. 1. Caqsakadan ; caijhan- 

skedai); ho'psicapi ihupa. 2. 

Owiyute sihaiyutapi akesakpe 

sam haqke. 
rode, imp. of ride. 
rodent, n. Hitunkadai) ; wayando- 

kapi. 
roe, n. Tawiyedan ; ta'ftca. 
roebuck, n. Tamdoka ; ta'hca. 
rogue, n. Tu'we ohanwicastasni. 
roguery, n. Wowicastaani. 
roguish, a. Wicasta&ni. 
roguishly, adv. Wicastaaniyan ; 

wowiha. 
roil, vt. Yusoaa ; eaqzeya. 
roily, a. Canzeya. 
role, n. Koij'za ohauyan. 
roll, n. 1. Ta'ku pehanpi; opehe; 

wowapi pehanpi : a roll of 

paper. — A wall roll, opehe ti'- 

obosdata en otkehe. 2. Wica- 

caze owapi: call the roll. 3. 

Paptanptan iyaya ; kanoho iya- 

ya : the roll of the ship. 4. AM- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



reliable 184 

cita owotanna kabupi ; natanpi 
kta kabupi. vt. 1. Pahmihma ; 
pahmihma iyeya : roll the hoop. 
2. Penan ; yupehai) : roll the 
paper. 3. Ayuhomni ; yu^inza : 
roll the ground. 4. Pawan- 
kankan iyeya : the wind rolls 
the waves. 5. Yuptaijptan. — 
Boll one's self, ihduptanptan : 
he rolled all night. 6. 0#i) ; 
bu : the thunder rolls. 7. Ayu- 
hmihma : the mud rolls up on 
the wheels. 

rollable, a. Pahmihmapica. 

roller, n. Maka ayuhmihmapi ; 
hu'pahmihma. 

roller-mill, n. Ma'zapahmima oi) 
wokpanpi. 

rolling, pa. Onaptanptai) ; iwaste- 
dan ho'ski: rolling prairie. 2. 
Pahmihma ya : tJie rolling car- 
riages. 

Roman, a. Ro'ma wicasta ; Ro'ma 
ta'wa. 

romance, n. Odowan ohunkakan. 

Romanish, a. Ro'ma ta'wa. 

romantic, a. Wakakaijpi se ; wi'- 
haijmnapi se ; waakagapi ; aka- 
hkagapi : a romantic story. 

romp, n. 1. Skates'a : the girl is a 
romp. 2. Woskate : the children 
are having a romp. vi. Ska'ta. 

roof, n. Awakeyapi ; tiakahpe ; 
wankantanhan : a flat roof. — 
the roof of the mouth, caka. vt. 
Awakeya ; akeya ; akahpa. 

roofing, n. Awakeyapi ; tiakahpe. 

roofless, a. Awakeyapi wanicaj 
ticodai). 

rookery, n. Tisica o'cikansni. 

room, n. 1. Oyanke ; owanka. — 
There is room, okan. 2. Tima- 
hen ti'pi ; tiobaspe ; tioyanke : 
the house has three rooms. — In 
the room of, e'ekiya. — Make 
room, kiyukai). vt. Oyanke 
yuha ; wanka. 

roomful, n. Tiozudan. 



rot 



roomy, a. Otankaya ; okipika. 

roost, n. Wahupakoza owai)ka. 
vi. Wan'ka. 

rooster, n. An/paohotanna mdo- 
ka. 

root, n. 1. Hutkai) : the roots of a 
tree. 2. Woyute maka mahen 
ieaga ; mdo ; pangi : put the 
roots in the cellar. 3. Hutkai) ; 
hunkake : they sprang from one 
root. vi. 1. Hutkai) yeya : the 
weeds root deep. 2. Hutkai) 
ode ; pamdumdu : the hog roots 
in the field, vt. 1. Huhde; hu- 
tkai) sutaya ehde : well rooted. 
2. Yuzui) ; yuzui) ehpeya : root 
them out. 

rootless, a. Hutkai) wanica. 

rootlet, n. Hutkai) ci'stinna. 

rooty, a. Hutkai) o'ta. 

rope, n. Hakahmunpi ; wi'kan ; 
hahoi)ta : tie him with a rope, 
vt. Hahonta ikoyake.; hahoijta 
oi) icu : rope tlte calf. 

rope-maker, n. Hakahmunpi ka'- 
ga. 

ropy, a. Tiktica ; o'tkapa. 

rosary, n. 1. Onzinzintka owozu : 
he planted a rosary. 2. Woce- 
kiye sipto on yawapi ; Sinasapa 
tawocekiye. 

rose, n. Onzinzintka; sa. 

rose, imp. of rise. 

roseate, a. Sasa. 

rosebush, n. Onzinzintka hu. 

rose-color, n. 6a ; onzinzintka sa. 

rose-colored, a. 1. Sa ; sasa : rose- 
colored paper. 2. Sayapi; aka- 
gapi : a rose-colored story. 

rosery, n. Onzinzintka owozu. 

rosewater, n. Onzinzintka mini. 

rosewood, n. Caijsa. 

rosin, n. Oansin sa'ka. 

roster, n. Wicacaze wowapi. 

rostrum, a. Oanazin ; akan wo- 
hdakapi; pasu. 

rosy, a. Sasa : rosy-cheeked. 

rot, vi. Kuka ; kuka a'ya ; pon- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



rotary 



poi). vt. Kukeya; ponponya. 
n. Wokuka. 

rotary, a. Yuhomni ; itogto. 

rotate, vi. 1. Yuhomni : the wheel 
rotates. 2. Unman itogto ecoi). 

rotation, n. 1. Woyuhomhi. 2. 
Itogto econpi. 3. Su ocaze ito- 
gto ozupi. 

rote, n. Okahnigesni eyapi. 

rotgut, n. Miniwakai) kuka. 

rotten, a. 1. Kuka : a rotten apple. 
2. Poijpon : rotten wood. 

rottenness, n. Wokuka ; wosice. 

rotund, a. Mibe. 

rotunda, a. Tipi mibe. 

rouse, n. Wase ; wasesa. 

rough, a. Mdaye sni ; pespesto ; 
pepe; taij'yai) kaonspepi sni. 
— A rough board, canmdaska 
kazipapisni. — Bough cloth, mi- 
nitinhft. pepe. — A rough coun- 
try, makoce ho'ski. — A rough 
day, ai)petu kihan&ca ; ai)petu 
oiyokisiea. — A rough man, wi- 
casta tehika. — A rough road, 
canku pahaha ; canku si'ca. — 
A rough sea, mini tahtaga ; ta'- 
za wankantuya. — A rough tone, 
ho gahan ; ho gaheca ; ho za- 
han. — In the rough, ka'gapi 
Sni; yuwastepi Sni. n. Waki- 
zes'a. vt. Pahaha. — To rough 
it, ikceya ui). 

rough-cast, n. Iyuteya ka'gapi; 
iwanyag ka'gapi. 

roughen, vt. Yugogo ; yuhaha. 

rough-hew, vt. Ikce ka'ga. 

roughish, a. Onspesni. 

roughly, adv. Ikceya ; zaheya ; te- 
hiya ; pe'stoya ; wohitiya. 

roughness, n. Pahaha; mda'ye- 
sni ; woskiake ; woohitika. 

rough-shod, a. Sakemaza pepe ; 
wohitika. 

round, n. 1. Mibe; mima; hmi- 
yanyai) ; ta'pase. 2. I'ozudan ; 
o'ta; tkoij'za : a good round 
sum. n. Ta'ku hmiyanyan ; 



185 rowdy 

woohomni; kahomni waeipi; 
aohomnipi; i'ciyaza econpi. — 
A round of beef, tado cecaoba- 
kaa. — The round of a ladder. 
cai)iyamanipi sihdepi. — They 
sang a round, kicipasipi odo- 
wai) ahiyayapi. adv. Ohomni ; 
o'ksai) ; i'hduksan ; okawinh : 
lie went round the field.— The 
wheel turns round, canhdesKa 
yuhomni. — All round, o'wan- 
caya. prep. Ohomni : wrap it 
round the tree. vt. Mibe ka'ga ; 
yupsonpsol) ; yuwaste : round 
the edges. — Round up the cattle, 
pte kii) yuwitaya. 

roundabout, a. Aohomni; katii)- 
yansni : a roundabout foad. 

roundhouse, n. Tihminyanna. 

roundly, adv. Aohomniyai) ; a'wi- 
cakehai). 

roundness, n. Womibe; woozu- 
daij ; wowicake. 

round-shouldered, a. Tapete pako. 

rouse, vt. Yuhica : rouse the 
people, vi. Kikta ; ihduhica. 

rouser, n. Wicayuhica ; wohitika. 

rousing, a. 1. Wayuhica. 2. Tan'- 
ka ; otarj tonka : a rousing fire. 

rousingly,odv. Wohitiya ; yumdes- 
ya. 

rout, n. Wonazica ; owodutaton. 
vt. Iyayeya ; napeya : he routed 
the enemy. 

route, n. Canku ; ocanku. 

routine, n. Wiconai) o'wecinhan ; 
to'ken ocai)kuyapi. 

rove, vi. Okawinh un ; itomni. 

rover, n. Omanis'a. 

row, vt. 1. Watopa : row the boat. 
2. Wa'ta ohna a'ya: row the 
lady over the river, vi. Wato- 
pa : I like to row. n. 1. Watom 
omanipi : take a row. 2. Ocan- 
kuye ; i'cipatkuh wai)kapi : a 
row of houses. 

rowdy, n. Ho'bu ; owoduton ka'- 
ga- 



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rowdyish 



186 



ruminant 



rowdyish, a. Ohaijwicastasni. 

rower, w. Watopa. 

rowlock, n. Iwatopekiya wi'yuze. 

royal, a. Itaijcai) ; waste : a royal 
family, n. Itaijcai) ; wowapi 
ska taij'ka. 

royalist, n. Wicastayatapi taobe. 

royally, adv. Itaijcai) iyececa. 

royalty, n. Itaijcai) ; itaijcai) ta'- 
wa: itaijcai) tawomnaye; wo- 
kazuzu. 

rub, vt. Payeza ; pakiijta ; yuhda- 
ta; pazaza. — Bub the clothes 
hard f heyake ni'na pazaza. — 
Bub off, pakiijta. — Bub on, iuij ; 
apawiijta. — Bub out, patarjiij- 
sni ; pakiijta. — Bub up, pasdu- 
ta ; pakiijta ; pawiyakpa. vi. 
Easeya ya ; icahtag ya : you 
rubbed on the wheel, n. Wo- 
kase ; wokahtake ; wopanini ; 
wokasusuza : a hard rub. 

rubadub, n. Kabupi. 

rubber, n. 1. Caijsiij : it is made 
of rubber. 2. Wi'payeza; ipa- 
zuzu : a pencil with a rubber 
head. 3. Caijsiij haij'pa : buy 
a pair of rubbers. 4. Ekakena 
eeoijpi : play the rubber. 

rubbish, n. Wokpukpan ; ta'ku 
ehpeyapi. 

rubric, n. Woope ; wocekiye woo- 
pe. 

ruby, n. Iij'yaij tenike sa. 

rudder, n. Iyupse; wa'taiyuho- 
mni. 

ruddiness, n. Sasa ; wosa. 

ruddy, a. Sasa. 

rude, a. 1. Wicastasni : the rude 
boy. 2. Waoijspekesni ; ikce- 
ka : our rude forefathers. 3. 
Taij'yaij ka'gapisni : his rude 
plow. 

rudely, adv. Ikceya ; oijspesni. 

rudeness, n. Oijwicaspesni. 

rudiment, n. O'tokaheya wooijspe ; 
o'hute. 

rudimentary, a. Otokahe ; stuijka. 



rue, vt. Icaijtesica ; iyopeciya. - 

ruefully, adv. Oiyokisinya! 

ruff, n. Yumnimnizapi ; tahu yu- 
mnimnizapi. 

ruffian, n. Tu'we ociijsica. 

ruffle, vt. Yutastaza ; yumnimni- 
za ; yucaijze ; yuhdata. n. Yu- 
mnimnizapi ; wocaijze. 

ruffled, a. Caijze ; tastaza. 

rug, n. Owiijzadaij. 

ruffed, a. 1. Kagogopi; nene; 
hoskiski : the rugged mountains. 
2. Suta ; wakis'aka ; ke'za : a 
rugged boy. 

ruggedly, adv. Wakis'agya. 

ruggedness, n. Wowakis'aka ; wo- 
skiske ; wotehi. 

ruin, n. Woyutakunisni ; woihaij- 
ke. vt. Yutakunisni ; ihaijgya. 

ruination, n. Woihangye. 

ruinous, a. Wayusica; waihaijg- 
ye. 

rulable, a. Wicohaij ohna ; woope 
ohna ; heciyotan. 

rule, n. 1. Woope : I will read 
the rules of the school. 2. Ahna 
icazopi ; owiyute oij icazopi : 
your rule is crooked. 3. Wawi- 
dake : under the rule of kings, 
vt. 1. Icazo ; owotaijna icazo : 
J want you to rule this paper. 
2. Idake : she ruled her hus- 
band. 3. Woope oyaka : he 
ruled the case out. vi. Wawi- 
dake ; waawaijyake ; woope 
ka'ga. 

ruler, n. 1. Wawidake ; itaijcaij : 
the ruler of England. 2. Ahna 
icazopi. 

ruling, n. 1. Icazopi: the ruling 
is too close. 2. Woyaco ; wae- 
yastaij : the judge's ruling, pa. 
Itaijcai) ; itaijcai) un ; iyotaij. 

rum, n. Miniwakaij. 

rumble, vi. flmun ; bu ; ko'ka. 

rumbling ly, adv. Kokogya. 

ruminant, n. Ta'ku wayatekoijza ; 
ta'hca j tataijka ; ta. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



ruminate 187 

ruminate, vi. 1. Wayatekonza. 2. 
Awacii) un ; wi'yukcan. 

rummage, vt. Ode ; mahentu ode. 

rumor, n. Woyakapi ; tu'we he'ya 
tai)ii) sni e'yapi. vt. Oyaka. 

rump, n. Nite ; sinte hu'te. 

rumple, vi. Yuksiksiza. 

rumpus, n. Okoyapi; owoduta- 
toi). 

run,vi. 1. In'yanka: the hoy runs. 
2. Eaduza: the water rum. 3. 
Iyaye ; iyopte : t/ie clock runs. 
4. Awacii) ui) ; okawiijn un : 
Ms mind rww on it. — Run after, 
kuwa iyaye.— ifrw otcay, naz- 
ica; nanmanhda. — Run away 
with, yuha iyaya. — Run for, 
onanko huweiyayaj kuwa. — 
Run for Congress, Tunkai)£ina 
omnieiye o'pe kta kuwa. — Run 
in debt, oicazo ka'ga. — Run in 
urith, akipa. — Hun on, adi. — 
The debt ran on, oicazo kazu- 
zusui yanka. — Run out, hena- 
na; ihanke. — Run over, apa- 
sboka ; adi ya : run over a child. 
— Run over a paper, wowapi 
inahni wanyaka. — Run up an 
account, oicazo ban 'ska ka'ga. 
vt. 1. In'yaijgkiya ; kiiijyang- 
kiya : ran the horse a mile. 
2. Iyayeya : run the rope 
through the hole. 3. Kagege; 
i'cipasisa: run a seam. — Run 
down, e'tapa ; kihdega. — Run a 
line, iyute. — Run out, tankan 
iyayeya. — Run a risk, okihi kte 
sni se'ca econ. — Run through, 
ipandan iyeya. — Run through 
a fortune, woyuhatanka yuso- 
ta. — Run up tlie figures, waya- 
wapi yuwitaya. w. 1. Oinyan- 
ke ; kiirjyai)kapi : a long run. 
2. Minicaduza ; wakpadan : he 
drank at the run. — A good run 
for cattle, ptewanuyanpi owi- 
hanye waste. — A run of stones, 
iij'yan wi'yukpai) tawaijzi. — 



rust 



A run on the bank, ma'zaska- 
tipi ina'zaska e'hdakupi kta 
anatanpi — The common run, 
ikceka; owasii) iyececa. — Tlie 
run of mankind, wicasta iyuha 
se ; ecaowaijca. — In the long 
run, te'hantu Mnhan ; owihai)- 
keta. 

runaway, a. Napes'a ; nazices'a. 

rung , imp. of ring. 

rung, n. Can'oiyadi. 

runner, n. 1. In/yankes'a; ii) 'yan- 
ka du'zahe : runners preparing 
for the race. 2. Wahosiye : a 
runner from the battle. 3. Wo- 
petoi) omani : a runner from 
Chicago. 4. Hu'sdohanpi : 
strawberry vines have runners. 

running, a. 1. Kihjyangkiyapi : a 
running horse. 2. I'ciyokiheya : 
two days running. 3. Ton 'ye ; 
ton/au : a running sore. — Run- 
ning down to, iyohiya. n. Iij- 
yankapi ; wokaduza. 

runt, n. Ecacikana ; osteka. 

rupture, n. 1. Kahdecapi; woka- 
ftdeca : a rupture in the wall. 

2. Wokicize ; woakinica : a 
rupture in the king's family. 3. 
Tezi nanden hiyu. vt. Yuhde- 
ca : rupture a blood vessel. 

rural, a. Wozupi makoce; wo- 
zupi. 

ruse, n. Wohnaye. 

rush, vi. 1. Natai) ; dus ya : all 
rushed to the fire. — Rush at, 
anatan. 2. Ni'na hiyu; ni'na 
hiyaya : the water rushed out. 

3. Mde'zesni kuwa : don't rush 
into business, n. 1. Wonatan : 
see the rush of people. 2. Waij- 
yeca : rub it with rushes. 3. 
fcsa : a rush mat. 

rusher, n. Waanatan ; ohitika. 
rusk, n. Aguyapi sku'yena. 
russet, n. Taspantanka ha'gi. 
rust, n. 'Gigi ; ma'zaagi. vi. *Gi 
a 'y a J gigi J sin a'ya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC ' 



rustic 188 

rustic, a. Wozuwicasta ta'wa ; 

ikce se ka'gapi. 
rusticate, vi. Makoskan ti ; wi'- 

kcekce ui). 
rustle, vi. 1. Hamftapa ; fra'pa : 

the leaves rustled. 2. fimui) 

se skai) ; mdiheiciya skai) : 

rustle for yourself. 
rustler, n. TV we wohitiya skai). 



saffron 

rusty, a. -Gi ; gigi : a rusty plow. 
rut, n. Oskokpa; canpahmihma 

hu naoskokpa : keep out of the 

ruts. vi. Takiyuna. 
rutabago, n. Ti'psinazizi. 
ruthless, a. Waonsidasni. 
ruthlessly, adv. Waonsidasniyai). 
rutty, a. Oskokpakpa. 
rye, n. Aguyapisapa. 



Sabbath, n. pr. Anpetuwakan. 
Sabbath-breaker, n. Anpetuwakai) 

kicaksa. 
Sabbatical, a. Anpetuwakan iye- 

ceca. Sabbatical year, waniye- 

tu isakowii). 
saber, n. Isaqtarjka; miwakai). 

vt. Miwakai) oi) apa. 
sable, w. Nakpagica. a. Sa'pa. 
Sac, n. pr. Za'ke. 
sacharine, a. Sku'ya ; canhanpise. 
sacerdotal, a. Wawayusna. 
sack, n. 1. Wozuha ; ozuha. A 

sackful, wozuha ozudan. 2. 

Un'nohda ; o'kdeonzinca. vt. 

1. Ozutoi) ; oksu : sack the pota- 
toes. 2. Ihangya : the soldiers 
sacked the town. 

sackcloth, n. Miuiftuhasica ; wo- 
zuha. 

sackful, ft. Ozutonpi. 

sacrament, n. Wohduze; wowa- 
kai) wicohai) (fttayetuwotapi 
ka mniakastaupi hena kapi). 

sacred, a. Wakai) ; ohodapi. 

sacredly, adv. Wakanyan. 

sacredness, n. Wowakai). 

sacrifice, n. 1. Wosnapi; waihpe- 
yapi. 2. Woihangye; wokpa- 
gai). vt. 1. Wosna; waihpeya. 

2. Ehpeya; kpagai). 
sacrilege, n. Wowakai) yuikce- 

kapi. 
sacrum, n. Nisehu. 



sad, a. 1. Cantesica ; iyokisin ui) : 
a sad woman. 2. Oiyokisica : 
a sad day. 

sadden, vt. Iyokisinya. 

sadder, a. cornp. San 'pa caqte- 
sica. 

saddest, a. sup. Iyotai) caqtesica ; 
iyotai) oiyokisica. 

saddle, w. Awakii) ; sungakin. A 
saddle of meat, napco. vt. Akh)- 
kitoi). 

saddle-girth, w. Makuiyu titan. 

saddle-horse, n. Suijgakaijyai) ka- 
pi. 

saddle-tree, n. Awakii) cai) . 

sadly, adv. Caijtesinya ; oiyoki- 
sinya j tehiya. 

sadness, n. Woiyokisica ; iyokisi- 
capi, 

safe, a. Okopesni ; kokipepica- 
sni ; tanyan ; waste. A safe 
bridge, cankahonpapi kokipe- 
picasni. w. Opiye suta ; ma'za- 
ska aonatake. 

safeguard, ft. Oi) okope sni. 

safekeeping, w. Woawaijyake wa- 
ste. 

safely, adv. Tan'yai) ; okokipesni- 
yai) ; wakiunniyesni. 

safeness, n. Wokokipesni ; woza- 
ni. 

safety-lamp, n. Petizaijzai) oko- 
pesni. 

saffron, a. Zi ; wahcazi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



sag 189 

sag, vi. Kawinza ; kawins iyaye. 
«. Oka winze. 

sagacious, a. Kesa'pa ; wi'yukcan. 

sage, n. 1. Wahpehota. 2. Ksa- 
potancan ; wicastaksapa. a. 
Ksa'pa; waste. 

sagely, adv. Esamyahai). 

sagging, n. Okawinza. 

sago, «. Woyute yuzapi (ocaze). 

said, imp. of sat. 

sail, n. Sina (on watopekiyapi) ; 
sinawatopekiyapi ohna omani- 
pi. — Strike sail, sina puhpapi. 
— Sina kicun. vi. 1. Sina oi) 
watopa : our boat sails well. 
2. Sinawata oi) omani; wi'ta- 
wata ohna ya. 3. Kinyan ya ; 
kahoya ya ; nawin un : the buz- 
zard sails high. vt. 1. Sina oi) 
watopekiya : sail his boat. 2. 
AMnyan : soite amd space. 

sailable, a. Sinawatopekiyepica. 

sail-cloth, ». Wa'tasina oi) ka'- 

gapi. . 

sailer, ». Sinawatopekiya. 

sailing, n. Sinaonwatopapi. 

sallies*, a. Sina wanica. 

sallmaker, ft. Wa'tasina ka'ga. 

sailor, w. Sinawata kicanyan. 

saint, ». Wakan ; wanagi wakan. 

Saint Louis, n. j>r. Minisoseiyo- 
hdoke otonwe. 

Saint Paul, w. pr. Imnizaskadan. 

Saint Peter (Minn.) n. pr. Oiyu- 
wega. 

sainted, a. Ya wakai) pi. 

saintly, a. Wanagi waste. 

sake, w. Woihakta; wokiksuye. 
— For the sake of, oi) etanhan. 
— For his sake, iye on etaij- 
han. 

salable, a. Wi'yopeyepica. 

salad, n. Walipe baksaksa yu'ta- 

salary, n. Wokazuzu ; wi'si ; wa- 

niyetu wanzi wokazuzu. 
sale, ft. 1. Wi'yopeyapi : The sale 

is completed. 2. Owiyopeye ; 



same 

pan wi'yopeyapi.— For sale, 
wi'yopeyapi nan. 

saleratuStft. Aguyapi inapohye. 

salesman, n. Wopeton wicasta; 
wi'yopeya skan. 

salient, a. 1. Okitanin ; cazeyan- 
pica. 2. Pazoyahiyu. 

saliva, ft. Tage ; tagosa. 

sallow, a. Uka to'keca ; ukazi. 

sally, «. Wonatan ; iapi to'keca. 
vi. Natan; kuwa e'yaya. 

salmon, it. Hoganzi ; ho'wicasta- 
sni. 

saloon, ft. Miniwakan ti'pi. 

salt, ft. 1. Miniskuya. 2. Tu'we 
miniwanca omanis'a. vt. Sku'- 
yeya. a. Sku'ya. 

salt-cellar, ft. Miniskuya wohnake. 

salting, ft. Miniskuya icahiyapi. 

saltish, a. Ki'tanna sku'ya. 

saltmine, ft. Miniskuya oke. 

saltness,ft. Woskuye. 

saltpeter, ft. Miniskuyasa. 

salt-rheum, w. Ikceahinapapi. 

salts, ft. Miniskuyaseca. 

salty, a. Sku'ya. 

salubrious, a. Oniyawaste. 

salutary, a. Wayuwaste. 

salutation, n. Wozani ekiciyapi. 

salute, vt. Wozani ekiciya. n. 
Akiciyutapi; ho ekiciyapi. 

salvation, n. Wiconi; waniwica- 
yapi ; woehdaku. 

salve, w. Sda wi'kiunpi. 

Samaritan, «. Samaria wicasta. 

Sambo, ft. Wasicunsapa. 

same, a. He'e ; o'konwanzidan ; 
wanzidan. — Much the same, 
a'kideoenya se. — Of the same 
length, a'kidehankeca. — Of the 
same size, a'kiniskokeca. — Of 
the same sort, obewanzidan. — 
Of the same age, waniyetu a'ki- 
denakeca. — The same day, an- 
petu wanzidai). — The same 
direction, is eya heciyotan. — 
The same man, wicasta wanzi- 
dai). — The same number, i'aki- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



sameness 190 

denakeca. — The same time, iye- 

hanyai). 
sameness, n. O'wanzidan ; he'ce- 

tuwanzica. 
sample, n. On sdonyapi kta ; on- 

6pa. trt. Onspaspa iynta. 
sanitary, a. On wicazani kta. 
sanctification, n. Wicayuecepidai); 

wicayuwakanpi. 
sanctify, trt. Yuwakan ; yuecedan. 
sanctimonious, a. Wakankan : wa- 

kaqkoqza. 
sanction, n. Woyusuta ; waokiya- 

pi. trt. He'cetu keya. 
sanctify, n. Wowakan ; wocekiye. 
sanctuary, n. Ti'piwakan. 
sanctum, n. Oyankewakan. 
sand, n. Wiyaka ; casmu. vt. Wi- 

yaka akada. 
sandal, n. Hanpsicu haii'pa. 
sand-bag, w. Wiyaka ozutonpi. 
sand-fly, n. Honagidan hdeska. 
sandpaper, n. Minihuhapepe. 
sandstone, n. Wiyakainyan ; izu- 

za. 
sandstorm, n. Wiyakaibobdu. 
sandwich, w. Aguyapi wasinapa- 

skica. 
sandy, a. 1. Wiyaka : a sandy 

road. 2. San ; zi : sandy hair. 
sane, a. 1. Mde'ze ; wacinhnuni- 

sni. 2. Zani : a sound body. 
sang, imp. of sing. 
sang-froid, «. Inihansni. 
sanguinary, a. Weyapi ; we o'ta : 

a sanguinary war. 
sanguine, a. 1. We o'ta; ka'ta; 

ohanko; mdiheca: a sanguine 

temperament. 2. Okihiicida : 

sanguine of success. 3. &a; we. 
Sanhedrim, n. pr. Juda Omniciye 

Wankantu. 
sanitary, a. On wicazani. 
sanity, n. Wacinhnunisni ; woza- 

ni. 
sank, imp. of sink. 
Sans Arc, n. |?r. Itazipco. 
Santee, n. j>r. Isanyati. 



saucily 

Sanskrit, n. pr. Otakahe oyate 

wanzi. 
sap, n. 1. Can hanpi. 2. Cai) ha 

ihuknya. vt. Hu/te oka. 
sap-head, n. Tu'we wacintoqani. 
sapient, a. Ksa'pa ; ksapaicida. 
sapless, a. Pu'za ; si'ca. 
sapling, n. Cai) ci'stinna ; tosn. 
sapphire, n. In'yai) tehika to. 
sappy, a. Miniota ; stunka. 
sarcasm, n. Iapi woyahtake. 
sarcastic, a. Wayahtake ; pe. 
sardine, n. Hogaijstiijna wi'hdi 

opuskicapi. 
sarsaparilla, n. Pezihutazi. 
sash, n. 1. Ipiyaka haij'ska ; ica- 

ske. 2. O'zaqzankdepi cai). 
Saskatchewan, n. j?r. Miniduza. 
sassafras, n. Canzi ocaze. 
sat, imp. of sit. 
Satan, n. pr. Wakaijaica. 
Satanic, a. Wakansica ae. 
satchel, n. Paijbotka ; wizipan. 
sate, vt. Wi'piya ; i'mnaya. 
satellite, n. Wicaqhpi o'kihe ; o'- 

kihe. 
satiate, vt. Wi'piya ; hitihdaya. 
satiety, n. Wi'pipi. 
satin, n. Minihuha stosto. 
satinet, n. 1. Minihuha sani sto- 

stona. 2. Onzeoge ka'gapisni. 
satire, n. I en iyeyapi owohdake ; 

wawiyokipi sni. 
satisfaction, n. Woiyokipi ; woka- 

zuzu. 
satisfactory, a. Wawiyokipi; tai)'- 

yan. 
satisfy, vt. Iyokipiya; wi'piya; 

sdonyekiya ; kazuzu. 
satisfying, pa. Wi'piya ; napin. 
saturate, vt. ftpanyan. 
Saturday, n. pr. Owankayuzazapi. 
sauce, n. Ta'ku sku'ya. vt. Iapi 

pe'sto ku ; i'eniyeya. 
saucebox, n. TV we wicaatasni. 
saucepan, n. Waakuyaikanye. 
saucer, n. Cetetehedan. 
sancily, adv. Wicastasniyan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



saudness 191 

sauclness, n. Woohodasni. 
saucy, a. Waohodasni; wi'stece- 

sni. 
saunter, vi. Wi'kcekce omani. 
sausage, n. Tadoopaskicapi. 
savage, w. Ikcewicasta. a. 1. 

Ikce ; ikce ui) : in savage life. 

2. Wohitika; otehika; okoki- 

pe : a savage dog. 
save, vU 1. Nikiya : Lord save 

me. 2. Kihnaka; kpatai) : / 

unU save this for you. 3. Yua- 

sni; yutokai) : save trouble. 

prep. A'okpani. 
saver, n. Wakpatans'a ; nikiya. 
saving, pa. Wapatarj. 2. Wapa- 

taijpi. 
savingly, adv. Kpatai) yar). 
savings-bank, n. Wakpatanpitipi. 
Savior, n. pr. Wanikiya ; Jesus 

Christ. 
savor, n. Woomna; iteka. vi. Eca- 

mna ; u'ta ; se'ececa. 
savorless, a. Takumasni 
savory, a. Wastemna; oyunwa- 

ste. 
saw, imp. of see. 
saw, n. Caqibaksa. vt. Baksa. 
sawdust, n. Canbakpanpi. 
sawer, sawyer, n. Cai) baksa; caq- 

ba. 2. Gai)mnicazo. 
sawmill, n. Cannasdetipi. 
say, said, vt. E'ya ; he'ya ; keya. 

— I say, epa. — You say, eha. — 

They say, keyapi. 
sayer, n. E'ya. 

saying, n. Woeye. par. E'ya. 
scab, n. Ohdi ce'spu ; hakte. 
scabbard, n. Isanozuha ; miozuha ; 

ma'zasagye ozuha. 
scaffold, n. Co'wahe. 
scaffolding, n. Oi) co'wahe ka'- 

gapi. 
scald, vt. Minikata aguye. . 
scale, n. 1. Ho'cespu ; cespu : fish 

with scales. 2. Oi) aspeyeton- 

pi : hay scales. 3. Ho'iyadipi : 

sing the scale. 4. Owiyute : de- 



scatter 

cimal scale, vt. 1. Adi : scale 
the rock. 2. Yuhdaya ; kakiij- 
ca. 

scalp, n. Wicapaha; paha. vt. 
Paha yu'za. 

scalp-dance, n. Iwakieipi. 

scalpel, n. Isan ; mi'na. 

scaly, a. Cespuota ; hakte. 

scamp, n. Wicastasni. 

scamper, vi. Iij'yanka; tokar) ya. 

scan, vt. Iwaqyaka ; ca'hdeyawa. 

scandel, n. Woaie. 

scandalize, vt. Woaie ki'cage. 

scandalous, a. Yasicapi; wahte- 
sni. 

scandalously, adv. Sinya ; sicaya. 

scant, a. Iyohisni se ; ki'tanh iyo- 
hi ; a'okpani. vt. Yuaokpani. 

scantily, adv. A'okpani ; icakisya. 

scantling, n. Canmdaska omdo- 
ton. 

scanty, a. Iyokpani ; to'nana. 

scape-grace, n. Cantewanica. 

scapula, n. Anidohu. 

scar, n. Osnaze. vt. Kahdeca. 

scarce, a. To'nana ; oo'nana ; wa- 
nica; tehika 

scarcely, adv. Ki'tanh ; ki'taijseh. 

scarceness, n. Wanica; wokitai). 

scarcity, n. Wanica ; otehika. . 

scare, vt. 1. Yushjyeya. 2. fia- 
mya : scare off the birds. 

scarecrow, n. Wahamya hde'pi. 

scarf, n. Nakpiyutake. 

scarify, vt. Bahoijhon ; we icu. 

scariess, a. Osnaze wanica. 

scarlet, a. Du'ta ; sa'zi. 

scarry, a. Osnaze o'ta. 

scat, interj. Si'si ; hunktiya. 

scathe, vt. Ihai)gya. 

scathing, pa. Waihaijgye; okoki- 
pe. 

scatter, vt. 1. Kadada ; kada ehpe- 
ya : scatter seeds. 2. Yuindeea ; 
enana iyayewicaya : scatter the 
enemy. 3. Enana ehpeya ; ihan- 
gya : scatter my hopes, vi. Ena- 
na yapi ; omdecahaqpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



scattered 192 

scattered, pa. Obdecahai) ; a'be- 

kiya. 
scattering, pa. Enanakiya; i'ci- 

kdekdega. 
scatteringly, adv. Enanakiya. 
scavenger, n. Ta'kusica e'yaiipe- 

ya. 
scene, n. Wowaijyake ; wopazo. 
scenery, n. Owaijyake. 
scent, vt. O'mna. n. Womna. — 

Keen scented, womnaka. 
scepter, n. Caij'fcpi; itaqcaq ta- 

caijhpi ; sagye. 
schedule, n. I'ciyazaowapi. 
scheme, n. 1. Wowiyukcai) : to 

form a scheme. 2. Caijkuyetoi) 

owapi. vt. Wi'yukcai) ; na&mai) 

kuwa. 
schemer, n. Wakcaijka. 
scheming, pa. Wakcaijka; ku- 

was'a. 
schism, n. Womdeca. 
schismatic, a. Wayumdeca. 
scholar, n. 1. Wayawa ; waoijspe- 

kiyapi : how many scholars. 2. 

Tu'we wowapi wayapika : our 

minister is a fine scholar. 
scholarly, a. Ksa'pa ; waoijspeka. 
scholarship, n. 1. Taku onspe : a 

man of great scholarship. 2. 

Wayawa ki'cicazuzupi. 
school, n. Wayawapi ; wayawapi 

optaye : wooqspe ocaze. n. Ho- 

gai) optaye. vt. Oijspekiya. 
school-boy, n. Wayawa hoksidai). 
school-dame, n. Waoijspekiya wiij'- 

yai) - , «r 

school-days, n. pi. Wayawa aij- 

petu. 
school-district, n. Makoce tiij'sko- 

ya oyawatipi waijzi yahapi. 
school-fellow, n. Kici wayawa. 
school-girl, n. Wayawa wichjcana. 
school-hour, n. Wayawa ehantu. 
school-house, n. Wayawatipi. 
schooling, n. Waoijspekiyapi. 
school-master, n. Waoijspekiya. 
sebool-mate, n. Kici wayawa. 



scowl 

school-mistress, school-ma'm, n. 

Wayawa wiij'yai). 
school-teacher, n. Waoijspekiya. 
school-teaching, n. Waoijspekiya- 

schooner, n. Wi'tawata. 
schottish, n. Wacipi ho. 
science, n. Wooijspe ; wosdonye. 
scientific, a. Wasdonye ; ksa'pa. 
scientifically, adv. Okiksamya. 
sdmiter, n. Ma'zasagye. 
scintillate, vi. Pe'ta kpa'kpa. 
scion, n. Obaksa ; ciijca. 
scissors, n. Wiyusda ; iyusda ci'- 

stirjna. 
scoff, vi. Ifiafra. n. Wawifca&api. 
scoffer, n. Wawifraha. 
scoffingly, adv. Wawifca&aya. 
scold, vt. Ki'ge ; iyopeya. n. Wa- 

kiges'a. 
scoop, vt. Icu ; kapta ; kakam icu ; 

yuskopa. n. Wi'captetaijka. 
scope, n. Ta'ku kapi; okiciyn- 

kai)pi. 
scorch, vt. *Guya ; adosya. To be 

scorched, gu. 
scorching, pa. Ka'ta ; guguya. 
score, n. 1. Obago; oicazo. 2. 

Wikcemna noijpa. vt. Bago; 

icago ; icazo. 
scorn, n. Wowafttedasni ; wowi- 

fta. vt. Wafttedasni ; aktasni. 
scorner, n. Wawihaha; waakta- 

sni. 
scornful, a. Wabtedasni. 
scornfully, adv. Wahtedasniyaij. 
scorpion, n. 1. Waijmduska. 2. 

Icapsiijte pespesto. 
Scotch, n. pr. Waziyata Sagdasa. 
scoundrel, n. WaMesni. 
scour, vt. 1. Payeza ; pasdusdn- 

ta : scour knives. 2. O'wai)- 

caya ode; omani. vi. 1. Wa- 

pasduta ; wakazo. 
scourge, n. 1. Icapsiijte : he made 

a scourge. 2. Wokakize. 
scout, n. Toijweya. vt. Biaba. 
scowl, vi. Iteainkiya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



scrabble 

scrabble, it. Wahutopamani ; na- 
hdafidanmani. 

scragged, a. fi'eh'e ; pepe. 

scraggy, a. fl'el'e, 

scramble, vi. Wahutopa ma'ni. 

scranch, vt. Yukefckega; yuftu- 
huga. 

scrap, w. Wopte; oyupte; oba- 
pte ; wokaptapi ; ogu. Scraps 
of food, woyaptapi. 

scrap-book, n. Wotaqii) oyupte 
okpahi. 

scrape, vt. Kakirjca ; nakiijca ; yu- 
kirjca ; pakii)ta ; pakoga ; pa- 
kega ; pakeza ; patica, etc. 

To scrape (as a turnip), yu- 
koga. — To scrape (as mud), pa- 
kiijta. — To scrape (as mow 
from the walk), katica. — To 
scrape (as the feet on the floor), 
nakxrjca. — To scrape (as the 
hair from a hide), kakiijca. — 
To scrape (with a grating sound), 
yukega. — To scrape together, 
pahi. 

scraper, n. Wi'kakiijce ; wi'pati- 
ca, etc. 

scraping, n. Wakakiijca. 

scratch, vt. Yuhdata ; yuspuya ; 
yukoga ; yugo, etc. — To scratch 
(as furniture) yugogo; (as a 
ticket) pazuzu; icago; (as a 
Utter) ohaijko owa; (with the 
paws) yuhdata ; nagogo ; (when 
itchy) yuspuya ; yuhdata. 

scrawl, vt. Onspesni owa. n. 6in- 
ya owapi. 

scrawler, n. Tu'we si'ksin owa. 

scrawny, a, Sihtirj ; si'ca. 

scream, vi. fehowaya ; ce'ya ; ho- 
toi) ; sicahowaya. The child 
screams, hoksiyopa ce'ya. — The 
owl screams, hiijyaijkaga ho- 
toi). — To scream from fear, \e- 
howaya. n. Hotoijpi; ce'yapi. 

screech, vi, Ho'piijza hotoi). 

screech-owl, n. Popotka. 

screechy, a. Piij'za; kiij'za. 



193 scum 

screen, n. 1. O'zaijpi; kokam 

hde'pi. 2. Wiyaka iyucai) ; wi'- 

yucai) . — Screen-door, capoijg- 

okeya tiyopa. vt. 1. Kokam 

nakicizii) ; akalipa; nanmai). 

2. Yucaijcaq. 
screenings, n. pi. Yucai) ehpe- 

yapi. 
screw, n. Ma'zayuhbezapi ; yu- 

hbezapi ; yuhbesostaijpi. vt. 

Yuhbesokatai) ; yuhomni ; yu- 

ksiza. 
screw-driver, n. Oi) yuhbesostaij- 

pi. 
scribble, vt. Tokenciijcii) owa. 
scribbler, n. Tu'we onspesni owa. 
scribe, n. Wowapikaga. vi. Ica- 

zo ; owa. 
scrimmage, n. Okicize. 
scrimp, vt. Yuptecedai). 
scrip, n. 1. Wowapi oq wayuha- 

pi ; makocewowapi. 2. Paijbo- 

tka. 
script, n. Napeonkagapi iyecen 

ma'zaehdepi. 
Scriptures, n. pi. Wowapi Wakai). 
scrofula, n. Tahupopi woyazaij. 
scroll, n. Wowapi opehe. 
scrub, vt. Yuzaza ; owai)ka yuza- 
za. n. Eeacikana; hu'na. 
scrubby, a. Icageceani ; si'ca. 
scruple, n. 1. Woohoda ; wacetuij- 

hdapi. 2. Otkeute ci'stinna. 

vi. He'cetusnida. 
scrupulous, a. 1. He'cetusni ecii)* 

s'a. 2. Owotanna; taij'yaij awa- 

cii). 
scrupulously, adv. Ohodaya. 
scrutinize, vt. Amdeza. 
scrutinizer, n. Waamdeza. 
scud, vi. Hiyaya. 
scuffle, vi. Kiciyusecoi). 
scull, vt. Uijzeta watopa. 
sculptor, n. Iij'yai) wapago. 
sculptress, n. Wiq'yai) wapago. 
sculpture, n. Wapagopi. 

i, w. 1. Tage : the scum rises. 

2. Ta'kusni ; tuwetaijiTjftni. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



scarf 



194 



secretiveness 



scarf,*. 'Gaijgeca. 
scarrUoas, a. Si'ca ; teica. 
scarry, n. Taij*»an po'pi. 
Seattle, n. 1. Makacahdi wokna- 

ke : wakiskokpa. 2. Awakeya- 

pi ohdoka. 
scythe, w. Peziicasda (naphjynn). 
sea, n. Miniwaijca. At sea, mi- 

niwanca ekta ui) ; nu'ni. 
sea-beach, n. Miniwaijca huta. 
sea-board, n. Miniwai)ca kahda. 
sea-breeze, n. Miniwai)ca tate. 
sea-captain, n. Wi'tawataitancaij. 
sea-chart, n. Miniwaijca owapi. 
sea-coast, n. Miniwaijca opapui). 
sea-faring , a. Miniwaijca omani- 

s'a. 
sea-girt, a. Miniwaijca aohomni. 
seal, vt. Apuspe ; nataka ; yustaij. 

n. 1. Wi'puspe : the king's seal. 

2. Miniwaijca wawaha. 
sealing-wax, n. Wowapi wi'puspe. 
seam, n. Okagege; o'kibe. 
seaman, n. Wi'tawata wicasta. 
seamless, n. Okagege wanica. 
seamstress, n. Wakagege win/- 

yan. 
sea-otter, n. Miniwaijca ptan. 
sear, vt. *Guya ; snis'ya. 
seared, pa. *Gu;sniza. 
search, vt. Akita ; ode ; en ode : 

amdeza. The sheriff searched 

the house, waoyuspa tiode. n. 

Waodepi. 
searchable, a. Odepica. 
searcher, n. Waode ; on waodepi. 
searching, pa. Anahbepicasni ; 

pe'sto ; wasdonya. 
search-warrant, n. Waodepi wo- 

wapi. 
sea-room, n. Ocannata; okatoij- 

yan. 
sea-sickness, n. Paptaijptan iwa- 

yazaijpi. 
season, n. O'maka ; makonca&e ; 

maka ; anpetu to'na ; tohanyaij. 

— A wet season, omaka maga- 

£us'a. — In season, iyehan. — 



Out of season, iyehantusni. vt. 

1. Wa'payeton ; icahiya : season 
food. 2. Pusya ; yuwiyeya : 
season lumber. 

seasonable, a. Iyehantu ; i'yacin- 

seasonably, adv. Iyehaijyaij. 

seasoned, pa. Pu'za ; yusutapi. 

seat, n. Caijakaijyakapi ; oiyo- 
tanke ; oyaijke. Church seats, 
ti'piwakan caij'akanyaijkapi. 
— A country seat, wozupi oyaij- 
ke. vt. 1. I'yotaijgkiya : seat 
tlie people. 2. Akaijyaijkapi 
ka'ga : seal the church. 

sea-worthy, a. Miniwaijca en ye- 
pica. 

secede, vi. Tokan ya. 

secession, n. Ihdutokaijpi. 

seclude, vt. Nahmaij ; nataka. 

seclusion, n. Wonahbe. 

second, a. Inoijpa ; icinoijpa ; i'yo- 
kihe. The second floor, owaijka 
icinoijpa. n. 1. Okoka; wi'- 
hiyayedai) ko'ka. 2. I'yokihe 
na'zin. 3. (Mus.) Ho o'kihe. 
vt. O'kiya. Second tlie motion, 
iapi o'kiya. 

secondarily, adv. Fyokiheya ; ko'- 
ya. 

secondary, a. O'kihe ; icinoijpa. 

second-hand, a. 1. Tanni ; waijna 
uij'pi ; second-Jiand clothing. 2. 
I'yokihe ; a'tayedansni. 

secondly, adv. Inonpa. 

second-rate, a. I'yokihe waste. 

secrecy, n. Wonahbe. 

secret, a. Nahmaijpi; nahmaij 
sdonyapi. n. Wonahbe j isna- 
na sdonyapi. 

secretary, n. Wowapi kahkiyapi. 

2. O'kihe itaijcan : secretary of 
war. 3. Wowapi ahna ka'gapi. 

secrete, vt. 1. Nahmaij ; anahmaij. 

2. Ka'ga : secrete bile. 
secretion, n. Tonyan ; ton ka'ga. 
secretive, a. Nahbes'a. 
secretiveness, n. Waanahmaijpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



secretly 195 

secretly, adv. Nalimana ; anahbe- 
ya. 

secretness, n. Wonahbe ; nahmaij- 
pi. 

sect, n. Okodakiciye ospaye. 

sectarian, a. Ospaye ta'wa iyo- 
tanda. 

sectarianism, n. Isnaicidapi. 

section, n. 1. Obaspe ; obapte ; 
onspa; oyuksa; iyokise.* 2. 
(Gram.) Woeye; optapi. 3. 
(Surv.) Obaspe; makaiyutapi 
640. 

sectional, a. Onspana en e'wacin. 

secular, a. Ikce ; wocekiye wico- 
naijsni. Secular music, ikce- 
odowan. 

secularize, vt Tuikceka ; ikce ka'- 
ga. 

secure, a. Okopesni ; wi'kopesni. 
vt. 1. Sutaya hna'ka; sutaya 
yu'za ; kaska : secure the pris- 
oner. 2. Suta ikoyaka : secured 
by mortgage. 3. Icu ; ta'waya ; 
oyuspa. 

securely, adv. Okopesniyan. 

security, n. 1. Wokokipesni : dwell 
in security. 2. Woyusuta ; wo- 
yuha kaskapi ; wokaske : on 
security. 3. Kici wowapi on 
ihdaskapi. 4. Woyuha kaskapi 
wowapi. 

sedan, n. Can/akanyankapi akiyu- 
hapi. 

sedate, a. Inina urj ; waawacii). 

sedentary, a. O'hiijni i'yotanka 

UI). 

sediment, n. Maka cetetahan. 
sedition, n. Wakipaziijpi. 
seditious, a. Wakipazins'a ; oyate 

wayuskiskapi. 
seduce, vt. Ta'ku si'ca en iyutan- 

ye ; hmun'ka . hna'yan ; i'na- 

nmai). 
seducer, n. Wiinahbe. 
seduction, n. Wawiyutan ; wiina- 

nmanpi. 
seductive, a. Iyutanye. 



seldom 

sedulous, a. O'hiijni econ ; mdi- 

heca. 
see, saw, seen, vt. 1. Wanyaka ; 

ista on wanyaka i I see a 

house. 2. Iyukcan, sdonya; ta- 

wacii) on wanyaka ; okanniga : 

I can't see what he wants, vt. 

Ton wan ; wa wanyaka. See in to; 

see through, okanniga. — Sec to; 

see about, en e' ton wan. n. Wo- 

awaijyake ; wokiconze. 
seed, n. 1. Su : apple seed. 2. 

Cinca : the seed of Abraham. 

3. Wozupi ; su ozupi. vi. Su- 

ton ; su icaga. vt. Ozu ; ka- 

dada. 
seed-corn, n. Wamnaheza ozupi 

kta. 
seeder, n. On aguyapisu ozupi. 
seed-time, n. Wozupi iyehantu. 
seedy, a. 1. Su o'ta. 2. Tanni 

h'en'e. 
seeing, conj. He'cen ; he'on. 
seek, sought, vt. Akita ; ode ; 

ihni; ciq. Seek after, seek for, 

akita. 
seeker, n. Waode ; wi'hni. 
seem, vi. Se'ca : se'ececa ; iteka. 
seeming, pa. Se'ca ; akapatan- 

han. 
seemingly, adv. Se'ececa; taniij- 

yan. 
seemly, adv. Iyecenya ; iyokipiya. 

a. Iyececa ; tan 'y an. 
seen, pp. of see. 
seer, n. Wakcanka ; waayate. 
seersucker, n. Minihulia hdeze. 
seesaw, n. On nakicihuhuzapi. 

vi. Nawankankaniyeiciya. 
seethe, vt. Ohan. vi. Ipiga. 
segment, n. Oqspa ; obakse. 
seine, n. Ho ; on hogan yuzepi. 
selzable, a. Iyahpayepica. 
seize, vt. Yu'za ; iyanpaya. 
seizing, n. Iyahpayapi ; yu'zapi. 
seizure, n. Icupi ; iyahpayapi. 
seldom, adv. Wan'wancadan. ; ena- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



•elect 196 

select, a. Kahnigapi; waste pa- 
hipi. vU Kahniga ; kahnin iou. 

selection, n. Wakannigapi ; pa- 
hipi. 

self, a. Iyehca : iye i'yatayedan ; 
•boa ; -ici- ; -nd- ; wasteieidapi. 
A man's self, wicasta iye a'ta- 
yedai). — Myself, miyehca. — 
Yourself, niyehca. — Self -sup- 
port, ihduhapi.— Self -love, wa- 
steieidapi. 

seif*abased,a. Ihduhukuya. 

self -abased, a. Sicaya ecaicicon. 

selff-actloa t a. Iyeciijka econ. 

self-bef often, a. Iye icicaga. 

self-conceited, a. Ksapeieida. 

self-condemnation, n. Ihdacopi. 

self-confidence, n. Okihiicidapi. 

self-conscious, a. Sdoni?ida; ki- 
ksuya. 

self-contradiction, n. Wicakesni- 
iciyapi. 

self-control, n. Cai)te ihduhapi. 

selfsconvicted, a. Ihdaco. 

self-culture, a. Waonspeiciciyapi. 

self-deceit, n. Icihnayanpi. 

self-defense, n. Anaiciksinpi. 

self-denial, n. Waipiieidapi. 

selfsdestrnction, n. Ihangiciyapi. 

self-discipline, n. Ihdaonspepi. 

self-distrust, n. Waciijiciyesni. 

self-educated, a. Iye ihdaonspe. 

self-esteem, n. Wamnaicidapi. 

self-evident, a. Iyecinka tai)ii). 

self-examination, n. Aicimdezapi. 

self-government,?*. Oyateihduhapi. 

self ^Indulgence, n. Iyowiniciyapi. 

self-interest, n. I'ye awaicicin. 

selfish, a. Isnana awaicicin. 

selfishness, n. Ohansicapi. 

self-made, a. I'ye okihiiciya. 

self-murder, n. Iciktepi. 

self ^possessed, n. Tawacii) hduha ; 
inihanSni. 

self-praise, n. Ihdatanpi. 

self-preservation, n. Niiciyapi. 

self-reliant, a. I'ye waciijiciya. 

self-reproach, n. Ioibapi. 



sense 



self-respect, n. Tanyanunwacinpi. 

self.rig hteous, a. Owotanna icida. 

self-same, a. Heehea. 

self-satisfied, a. Iyokipiieiya. 

self-sufficient, a. Okihiicida. 

self-taught, a. Iyeoqspeiciciya. 

self-torture, n. Kaki&iciyapi. 

self-willed, a. Tawacii) suta. 

sell, sold, vt. 1. Wi'yopeya ; wica- 
fcu. I sold my land, makoce 
mitawa wi'yopewaya. 2. Hna'- 
yan. n. Wohnaye. 

seller, n. Wi'yopeya. 

selvage, n. Opapun. 

selves,^, of self. 

semblance, n. Iyeeeca. 

Bcm\% prefix. Hanke ; hankeya. 

semi-annual, n. Waniyetu hanke. 

semi-barbarous, a. Iyokise ikee- 
unpi. 

semicolon, n. Oehnake hai)ke. 

semifluid, a. Tiktica. 

seminary, n. Woonspe wankantu. 

semi-savage, a. Hanke watoghda. 

semitone, n. Hoiyadapi hanke. 

senate, n. Wioahca omniciye. 

senator, n. Wioahca omniciye 
o'pa. 

send, sent, vt. 1. Yesi : send George. 
2. Yeya : aend a tetter. 3. Ku ; 
hiyuya: God sent a rain. 4. 
Iyayeya : send them out. — Send 
for, wahoya. 

sender, n. Hiyuya ; u6i. 

senior, n. 1. Tokapa; ehanna 
ecoi). 2. Woonspe Wankantu 
waniyetu ehake yawapi. 

sensation, n. 1. Eiksuyapi ; osdon- 
yapi : a sensation of cold. 2. 
Woyuhica ; woawacin : the sen- 
sation caused by his speech. 

sensational, a. Wayuhica ; wahna- 
skinyai). 

sense, n. Wowiyukcan ; woawa- 
cin ; wosdonye ; ka'pi ; on wa- 
sdonyapi. — Common sense, eca 
wasdonyapi. — Moral sense, wo- 
waste sdonyapi. — No sense of 



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senseless 197 

the kindness, ta'ku waste eca- 
kiconpi wasdonyapisni. — The 
five senses are seeing, hearing, 
smelling, tasting, feeling : oq 
wasdonyapi za'ptai) kii) de'na 
ee, wawanyakapi, wanahonpi, 
waomnapi, wautapi ka wayu- 
taqpi. 

senseless, a. 1. Kiksuyesni. He 
fell senseless, kiksuyesni hin- 
hpaya. 2. Wacintonsni : a sense- 
less driver. 3. Witkotkoka ; ksa- 
pesni. 

senselessly, adv. Witkotkoya. 

sensibility, n. 1. Wokiksuye : the 
arm loses its sensibility. 2. Wa- 
wiciyapi; wasdonkiciyapi. 3. 
WokaMake. 

sensible, a. 1. Waciijton ; ksa'- 
pa : a sensible woman. 2. Sdon- 
ya ; wakahtaka. 

sensibly, adv. Wachjksamya; tan/- 
yan ; taniijyan. 

sensitive, a. Wakahtakeca; wo- 
panica ; canwanka. 

sensual, a. Wicacehpi ; wicacehpi 
wocantiheye ; wicins'a. 

sensuous, a. Wicacehpi iyutan- 
ye. 

sent, imp. send. 

sentence, n. 1. Wowiyukcan ; ta- 
wacii) ; oie : my sentence is for 
war. 2. ( Gram.) Woeye : a com- 
plete sentence. 3. {Law) Woya- 
co ; woyasu. vt. Yaco ; yasu : 
the judge sentenced him to death. 

sentiment, n. Tawacin ; wicota- 
wacin ; woawacin. ; wowiyu- 
kcan. 

sentimental, a. Waawacin. ; waa- 
ceya. 

sentimentally, adv. Awaciijyai). 

sentinal, n. Akicitanazin. ; awai)- 
yagnazin. 

sentry, n. Akicitanazin. 

separable, a. Yuspepica. 

separate, vt. Yukinukan ; yuto- 
kai) ; yuspa ; tokai) e'hde. vi. 



serpentine 

A'kipamiyaya ; ksa. a. Kinu- 

kai) ; i'ciyowazasni ; i'cikoya- 

kesni. 
separately, adv. Kinukankiya ; 

wanziksi ; hdakeya. 
separation, n. Yukinukan un'pi. 
separator, n. Wayukinukan ; wa- 

yucan ; wayueci. 
September, n. pr. Wi'inapcinwan- 

ka ; Psin/hnaketuwi. 
sepulcher, n. Wicahapi ; wicahna- 

kapi. 
sepulchral, a. Wicahapi. 
sequel, n. Ta'ku ihanke yai)ke. 
sequence, n. Ta'ku ikoyake. 
seraph, n. Mahpiyaohnihde. 
seraphic, a. Mahpiyatase ; waate- 

hca. 
sere, a. Sni'za. 
serenade, n. Haqyen kidowaqpi. 

vt. Ado wan. 
serene, a. Amdakedai). 
serenely, adv. Amdagyena. 
serenity, n. Woamdakena. 
serf, n. Wayaka; wicasta maka 

ikoyag ta'wayapi. 
serge, n. Minihuhahbeze. 
sergeant, n. Akicitawicapasi. 
sergeant-at-srms, n. Akicita tia- 

waijyagkiyapi. 
serial, n. Onspaspa oyakapi. 
series, n. I'ciyokihe. 
serious, a. 1. Ke'za ; ihasni un. 

Of serious manner, ohai) ke'za. 

2. Wowicake; woawacin. 3. 

Tehike ; okokipe ; ihapicasni : 

a serious illness. 
seriously, adv. Tehiya ; okokipe- 

ya ; wicakeya. 
seriousness, n. Woawacin ; woo- 

hoda. 
sermon, n. WowahokonWye ; wi- 

castawakai) tawowahokoijkiye. 
sermonize, vi. WowahokonWye 

ka'ga. 
serpent, Wanmduska. 
serpentine, n. Wanmduska se. n. 

Iij'yaijsda. 



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servant 198 

servant, n. Wowidake; T. wo- 
waai. 

servant-girl, n. Win'yai) ookiye. 

serve, vt. 1. fit an i ; htakini ; o'ki- 
ye : serve two masters. 2. Wo- 
ku ; woyate iyaza a'ya : serve 
the meat 3. Un'piwaste : this 
will serve J for a seat. 4. Ecaki- 
coij ; kuwa : lie served me well. 
— To cause to serve, wowidagya. 
— To serve a writ, waoyuspa 
wowapi ki'ciyawa. vi. Wowi- 
dake ui) ; unpiwaste. 

service, n. 1. Wohtani ; wowaSi ; 
wowidake: God requires your 
service. 2. Woecoi) ; wocekiye : 
the burial service. 3. Wawoki- 
yapi : of great service. 4. Icu- 
wa : a communion service. 

servile, a. Wowidakese ; wowida- 
ke; iye tawacin un'&ni. 

servitude, n. Wowidake. 

session, n. 1. Omniciye wanzi; 
oeyotanke. The session of Con- 
gress, wa'kiyapi oeyotanka de. 
2. Omniciye. 3. (Presbyterian 
Church) Hunkayapi omniciye. 

sess-pool, n. Makondoka (ohna 
minisica ehpeyapi). 

set, vt. 1. E'hde ; e'hnaka ; hde : 
I do set my bow in the cloud. 
2. Econkiya ; -ki'ya. Set him to 
thinking, awacinkiya. — Set him 
to work, htanikiya. 3. Sutaya 
e'hde ; skanskan&ni e'hde : set 
the posts. 4. Cazeyata; ka; 
kahniga : set a price. 5. Ecen 
e'hde : set the clock, n. 2u. 
Set with jewels, in'yan tehika 
zu'pi. 

To set about it, kuwa. — To 
set against, ipatan e'hde ; Si'ce- 
daka. — To set a-going, iyopte- 
ya. — To set a hen, wakikna- 
kiya. — To set apart, iyog e'hde. 
— To set a saw, canibaksa hi 
yuk&anyan. — To set aside, icun- 
om e'hde ; ehpeya. — To set at 



set 



ease, ldhna. — To set at naught, 
ta'kuanikiya. — To set a trap, 
ma'zahtakiyapi e'onpa ; hmun/- 
ka. — To set at work, htanikiya. 
— To set by, tehinda; icunom 
e'hde. — To set eyes on, wanya- 
ka. — To set forth, taninyai) 
e'hde; oyaka; yaotanin. — To 
set forward, iyaya ; iyopteya. — 
To set free, kiyu&ka. — To set in, 
order, pikiya ; wi'yeya e'hnaka. 
— To setoff apart, onspa icui)- 
om e'hnaka. — To set off against, 
en ki'ciyawapi kta. — To set on 
(as a dog), kuwakiya. — To set 
the mind on, awacin. — To set 
one's cap for, hmun'ka ; yu'ze 
kta kuwa. — To set on fire, ide- 
ya; yuhnaakinyai). — To set on 
foot, econwicakiya ; ka'ga. — 
To set out (as food), e'hde.— To 
set out (as a tree), hnhde. — 
To set out to go to, ekta iyaya. 
— To set right, yuwotanna. — 
To set the fashion, oihduze ka'- 
ga. — To set the teeth on edge, 
hi mananka. — To set the time, 
tohantu kahniga. — To setup a 
factory, wokagetipi ka'gapi. — 
To setup (to exalt), yuwankan- 
tu. — To set up (as a mark), 
e'hde. — To set up (as a post), 
bosdan e'hde. — To set up type, 
ma'zaehde. — To setup in trade, 
wopetonpi okihiya. 
set, vi. 1. Iyaya. The sun is set, 
wi iyaye. 2. Path) ; sag a'ya : 
wait till the glue sets. 3. Iyaya ; 
kaduza : the current sets to the 
other shore. 4. Waanazii}. — 
When the dog sets, tohan 6un'- 
ka waanazii). — To set about, 
kuwa ; wanna econ. — To set off, 
iyaya. — To set out for London, 
London ekta iyaya. — To set out 
in business, woicicuwa en iye- 
iciya. — To set to, en iyeieiya ; 
econ. — To set up (one's self), en 



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set-down 199 

e'ictiide; iyayeiciya. pa. 1. Su- 
taya hde'pi; suta; yuhomnipi 
tenike : set in his ways. 2. I'to- 
kam iwanyakapi; kah/yufctaij- 
pi: set forms of papers, n. 1. 
Optaye ; obe : another set of 
people. 2. Tawanzi j okahtoq : 
a set of chairs. 

set-down, n. Pamahen iyeyapi. 

settee, n. Akaqyakapi han'ska. 

setter, n. Sun/ka siyo anazii). 

setting, n. E'hdepi; zu'pi; hiya- 
ya. 

settle, vt. 1. En i'yotanke ; e'ti ; 
ti ; makoce icu : the French 
settled Canada. 2. Kazuzu : 
settle your account. 3. Yumde- 
sya : settle the water. 4. Owan- 
zi yai)kekiya ; yuwaste : settle 
the minds of the people. 5. Yu- 
6taij ; yaeo : he settled the quar- 
rel. 6. Sutaya yankekiya ; yu- 
hekiya : settle a minister, vi. 1. 
I'yotanka; owaijzi i'yotanka; 
tihde : he settled in the West 

2. Wacintaijka ; he'cetuwanzi- 
ca yanka. 3. Iyahe ; knn iya- 
he : the bees settled. 4. Kaskin 
iyaye ; knn iwai)ka : the hay 
settled. 5. Amdakedai) iwaijka ; 
a8ni : the storm settled. 

settlement, n. 1. Wicoti; oyate 
ti'pi ; ti'pi : the Indian settle- 
ment. 2. Yudtanpi ; woyustaij : 
the settlement of the controversy. 

3. Oeyotaijke. 
settler, n. 1. Ihdaka ahiyotanka ; 

ahiti ; woynstai) ; owihanke. 

settling, n. 1. Oeyotanke : the set- 
tling of the country. 2. Knn 
iwanke : the settling of the house. 
3. Yustaijpi ; yuecetnpi. 4. Ce- 
tete hai) ; maka oiyahe. 

seven, a. Sakowiij. 

sevenfold, a. Sakowin akihde. 

seventeen, a. Akesakowii). 

seventeenth, a. I'akeSakowii) ; ake- 
sakowii) yuSpapi wanzi. 



shade 

seventh, a. iSakowiij ; sakowin 

yuspapi wanzi. 
seventhly, adv. Isakowin. 
seventy, a. Wikcemna sakowin. 
sever, vt. Kiyuspa ; yuspa ; yuki- 

nukan ; yutokai). 
several, a. 1. Wanziksi ; to'nana; 

to'nakeca : sevei'al persons. 2. 

To'keca ; iyohi : four several 

armies. 
severalty, n. Tan 'iyohi ; kiynspa. 
severe, a. Tehika j s'a'keca ; ksi- 

zeca. 
severely, adv. Teniya ; tkeya ; ni'- 

na. 
severity, n. Wotehi ; woiyokUica. 
sew, vt. Kagege j pasisa. Sew up, 

akagege. 
sewer, n. 1. Tu'we wakagege. 2. 

Miniaica wondogeca. 
sewerage, n. Minisica oyuskepa. 
sewing, n. Wakagegepi; woka- 



sewlng-machlne, n. On wakage- 

8 epL ™. 
sex, n. Wioa kais win/yai). 

sexless, a. Whj'kta. 

sexton, n. Ti'piwakai) awanyaka. 

sexual, a. Kicichjpi; wica kais 

wiij'yai) okicicuwapi. 
shabbily, adv. On/dihaijyan ; oij- 

siya. 
shabby, a. H'eh'e ; sicaya ihduza ; 

wante&ni. 
shack, n. TiSica. 
shackle, vt. Kaska; ma'zaikoya- 

ke ; kagiya. n. Ma'zaicaske ; 

iskahumaza. 
shad, n. Miniwanca hoganska. 
shade, n. 1. O'hanzi ; canohanzi : 

come and sit in the shade. 2. 

Samya ka'gapi (iteowapi ekta). 

3. Icahi : painted a different 

shade. 4. Ki'tanna; ci'stiye- 

dai) : wheat sells a shade higher. 

5. O'zanpi : window shades. 6. 

Wanagi otipi : shades of the 

dead. 7. Ki'tanna to'keca: 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



200 



sharpen 



shade of opinion, vt. 1. O'harj- 
siya ; aohanziya : it shades the 
garden. 2. Oijspa samya owa : 
shade the picture. 

shadeless, a. O'hanzi wanioa. 

shading, n. Samsamya owapi. 

shadow, n. O'hanzi ; o'hanzi hiij- 
hpaya; nagi. vt. Aohanziya; 
o'hanzi ka'ga; o'hanzi iyecen 
ihakam ui) : kuwa. 

shadowy, a. O'hanzi se; wohna- 
ye. 

shady, a. O'hanzi ; aohanziyapi. 

shaft, n. Ihupa ; hucai). 

ahag , n. HinSma. 

shagged, a. -Gangan: ft We. 

shaggy, a. Hinfcma ; neh'e. 

shake, vt. Yucancai) ; yuhuhuza ; 
kacancan ; kahubuza ; etc. — 
Shake hands f napeyuza. — Shake 
the head, po'mnamna ; po'ptaij- 
ptaij. — Shake off (as dirt from 
a blanket), katata. — Shake off 
(as fruit from trees), kahna ; 
kasna. — Shake the tail, sicu- 
psanpsan. vi. Cancan. : he shook 
all over. n. 1. Wocaijcai) ; can- 
oai)pi ; woyuhuhuza : he had a 
big shake. 2. Onasdeca : a shake 
in the board. 

shaker, n. On yucancaqpi. 

shaking, n. Wocaijcai). 

shaky, a. 1. Cancan : shaky liands. 
2. Sdecahai) : a shaky board. 

shale, n. Ha ; in/yaij ha. 

shall, v. omj:. Kta iyececa; kte 
do ; kta. 

shallow, a. 1. Sbesni; pn'zedan; 
Y. ka'zena : a shaUmc stream. 

2. Iwastedan sko'pa ; mdaska ; 
mahentu sni: a shallow dish. 

3. Haakamyedan ; mahentu 
sni; wakahdokesni. 

shallow-brained, a. Nasuna ha- 

akamyedai) ; ksapesni. 
shallowness, n. Mahentusni. 
Shalt, 2d person of shall. 
sham, n. Wohnaye ; ecaeconpi. 



a. Wicakesni. vt. Hna'yai) ; 
kon/za ; un'ca. 

shame, n. Wowisteca; isteeapi; 
taijcai) on&pa nahmanpi. vt. 
Istenya. 

shamefaced, a. Wi'steca. 

shamefacedly, adv. Wi'stenya. 

shamefacedness, n. Wi'stecapi. 

shamefal, a. Oi) isteeapi iyececa ; 
wowisteca; si'ca. 

shamefully, adv. Wi'stenya. 

shameless, a. Istecesni. 

shamelessly, adv. Istecesniyan. 

shank, n. Humdo ; hu. 

shan't, eq. to shall not. 

shanty, n. Ti'pidaq ; ti'pi inahni 
ka'gapi. 

shape, n. 1. Okage; kagopi; ica- 
gopi : I don't like the shape. 2. 
Oehnake ; e'hnakapi : he left 
things in bad shape, vt. Ka'ga ; 
kaskica; wi'yukcai). 

shapeless, a. Okage wanica ; ka'- 
gapisni. 

shapely, a. Tan/yan ka'gapi. 

share, n. 1. Onspa; wopamni; 
oyuspe : give him his share. 2. 
Mahiyumdu hi. vt. Onspa ku j 
pamni ; kiyuspa ; kici yuha. 

share-holder, n. Onspa ta'waya. 

sharer, n. Oqspayuha ; kici ta'wa. 

shark, n. Hogan wicasa yu'ta ; 
tu'we wicasasni. 

sharp, a. Pe ; pe'sto ; wacinksa- 
pa ; ksa'pa. — Sharp contest, 
woakinica wohitika. — £harp 
eye, istamdeza. — Sharp pain, 
woyazan icamye. — Sharp roof, 
awakeyapi pe'sto. — Sharp sand, 
wiyaka pepe. — Sharp tone, ho 
wankantu; ho pin'za. — Sharp 
trader, wopetoi) wicasta&ni. — 
Sharp voice, ho pin/za. — Sharp 
words, iapi pe'sto. n. Ho'ya- 
wai)kantupi. 

sharpen, vt. Kapesto ; peya ; yu- 
mai); paman; mdesya. Sharpen 
an ax, oqspe paman. — Sliarpen 



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sharper 201 

a stick, can kapesto. — Sharpen 
the intellect, tawacii) mdesya. 
sharper, n. Wicastasni ; wicahna- 
yes'a. 

sharply, adv. Pe'stoya. 

sharpness, n. Ope ; opesto. 

sharpshooter, n. Waoka. 

sharpsighted, a. Istamdeza. 

sharpwitted, a. Wacinksapa. 

shatter, vt. Kamdeca; kamde- 
mdeca. n. Wokpanka. 

shattery, adv. Wankadan. 

shave, vt. 1. Kasda ; kazipa ; ka- 
sai) ; basmi ; basku. — Shave the 
beard, putinhii) kasai). — Shave 
off (as hair from a hide) basda. 
— Shave off (as the tail of a 
horse), basmi. — Shave off (as 
shavings), kazipa. 2. Hanke ki ; 
manor), vi. Hdasai) ; T. igla- 
sla. n. Wakasai) ; wakaslapi; 
wokazipa ; wakipi ; icazipe. 

shaver, n. Wakasai) ; wakis'a ; 
wabotica ; hoksidai). 

shaving, n. Wokazipa; wakazi- 
papi. 

shawl, n. Iteakahpesina ; sina. 

Shawnees, n. Sawani; T. 8ha- 
wala. 

she, pron. I'ye (win/yan ka'pi). 
Not generally expressed except 
for emphasis. 

sheaf, sheaves, n. Opahte (agu- 
yapi kasdapi ka'pi). 

shear, vt. Yusda ; basda : shear 
the sheep, n. Wi'yusda. 

shearer, n. Wakasda. 

shearing, n. Wakasdapi. 

sheath, n. Isanozuha; T. mi'na- 
ozuha ; ozuha. 

sheathe, vt. Ozuha en iyeya. 

sheathed, pa. Ozuhaton. 

sheathing, n. Ozuha ; canmdaska 
toka okatanpi. 

shed, vt. Yusna; ehpeya. — Shed 
blood, we papson. — Shed feath- 
ers, sunpa. — Shed horns, he 
kapsun. — Shed leaves, ape ka- 



shelterless 

sna. — Shed teeth, hi yapsun. — 
Shed water, mini ohiyusni. n. 
Awakeyapi ; o'hanzihdepi.— 
Cattle sheds, wanuyanpi awa- 
keyapi. 
shedding, n. Wayusdapi; sunpa- 

pi ; hin hinhpaya. 
sheen, n. Wowiyakpa. 
sheep, n. Ta'hincawanuyaijpi ; ta'- 

hcaska ; ta'hcasunka. 
sheep-cot, n. Ta'hcaska acanka- 

skapi. 
sheepffold, n. Ta'hcaska ti'pi. 
sheepish, a. Wi'steca; can wan - 

ka. 
sheep-shearing, n. Ta'hcahin yu- 

sdapi. 
sheep-sorrel, n. Wahpeskuya. 
sheer, a. Ecaca. n. Napapi. 
sheet, n. 1. Owinza ska ; minihu- 

haska : sheets and pillow slips. 

2. Wowapiska ; zpe.—Give me 

a sheet of paper, wowapi ska 

wanzimaku. 3. Omdaska; o'hi- 

ye : a sheet of iron. 
sheeting, n. Minihuhaska ; wake- 

ya ; owinzaska. 
sheik, n. Wicahca ; itancan. 
shekel, n. Juda tamazaska j ma'« 

zasa 62|. 
shelf, shelves, n. Canmdaska wa- 

ahnakapi : canmdaska. 
shell, n. 1. Ha; yahugapiha. 2. 

Tukiha : oyster shelte. 3. Ma'- 

zasubomdasyapi ; napomyapi. 

4. Haakamya; ozuha; opiye. 

vt. 1. Ha ehpeya: shell nuts. 

2. Yusku : shell eorn. 3. Ona- 

pomya: shell the town.—Sliell 

out, hiyuya. vi. Kanhe; hba- 

han : the wheat shells. 
shell-fish, n. Tuki. 
shelter, n. Waakahpe ; woinape ; 

o'hanzi; ti'pi. Take shelter, 

inapa ; onapa. vi. Akahpa ; na- 

hman. vi. Aihdahpa. 
shelterless, a. Ticodan ; akahpe- 

codan. 



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shelve 202 

shelve, vt. Kihnaka ; canmdaska 

akan e'hnaka. 
shepherd, n. Ta'hcaakaawanyake ; 

waawanyake. 
shepherdess, n. Win'yan wa'wan- 

yake. 
shepherds-crook, n. Wa'wanyake 

tasagye. 
sheriff, n. Wokaake awanyake; 

waoyuspa. 
sherry, n. Minima (ocaze). 
shield, n. Wahacanka ; wowinape. 

vt. Akahpa ; akahpeton. 
shift, vt. Yutokeca ; tokai) e'hna- 

ka; yutokan. vi. Tokai) iya- 

ya; piiciya. n. 1. Yutokanpi; 

opiiciyapi. 2. Mahenunpi. 
shiftless, a. Oihdnha onspesni ; 

wahdu8ota. 
shiftlessness, w. Wakpatanpisni. 
shifty, a. Wi'ihduha ; mdiheca. 
shillalah, n. Cannaksa. 
shilling, n. Kaspapi nom sam 

okise. 
shin, n. Husdi. 

shine, vi. Iyega ; i'zanzan ; wiya- 
kpa; okitanin. — Fire shines, 

pe'ta i'zan zan . — Fish - scales 

shine, hocespu wiyakpa. — Shine 

in company, wicota en okitanin. 

n. Wowiyakpa ; wiizanzan ; 

can'hanpa pawiyakpapi. 
shingle, n. Canokahpa ; canba- 

kpanpi; T. can'nahpapa. vt. 

1. Caijokahpa okatan. 2. Paha 

kasda ; basmin. 
shingling, n. Awakeyapi. 
shining, a. Iyozanzan ; wiyakpa ; 

sdnsduta ; okitanin. 
shiny, a. Wiyakpa. 
ship, n. Wi'tawata ; miniwanca- 

wata canwakan ya'mni. vt. 

Wa'ta ohna yeya ; yeya ; hi- 

yuya. Ship goods, woyuha 

yeya. 
ship-board, adv. Wa'taakan. 
ship-master, a. Wi'tawata itan- 

cai). 



shoe-maker 



shipment, n. 1. Iyayeyapi : the 
shipment of grain. 2. Ta'ku 
iyayeyapi : a large shipment. 

shipper, n. Iyayeya ; watohnaka. 

ship-shape, adv. Tan'yai). 

shipwreck, vt Wa'takamdeca. n. 
Watihaijgyapi ; wotakuniani. 

shirk, vt. Nahmaqozikiya. 

shirt, n. On'hdohda; wicauqpi; 
Y. o'kde ; o'kdemahenunpi ; T. 
on'gloge. 

shirting, n. Minihuhaaka. 

shirtless, a. O'kdecodan. 

shiver, n. 1. Wocancan ; cancan- 
pi : he was in a shiver. 2. Wo- 
kasdeca; wokpai). vi. 1. Can- 
can : the poor dog shivered. 2. 
Mdeeahai). vt. Kamdeca ; yu- 
cancan. 

shivering, pa. Cancan. 

shlverlngly, adv. Cancanyan. 

shivery, a. Cancan ; adesdecahan. 

shoal, a. Ka'zedan : shoal water, 
n. 1. Minikazedan : the boat 
stuck on the shoals. 2. O'ta; 
akipsapaa hiyeye. 

shoaly, a. Sbe'sni; ka'zedan. 

shoat, n. Kukusedan. 

shock, n. 1. Woyus'inyaye ; tan- 
sagfceyapi. 2. Aguyapi opahi. 
vt. 1. Yus'inyeya ; inihanya : 
you shock me. 2. Psunka e'hde. 

shocking, a. Woyus'inyan ; wo- 
wahtedasni. 

shockingly, adv. Okokipeya; te- 
hiya. 

shod, imp. of shoe. 

shoddy, n. Minihuha akta ka'ga- 
pi ; minihuha sutasni. 

shoe, n. 1. Can'haijpa : a fine 
shoe. 2. Sakemaza : a horse 
shoe. 3. Ma'zasicu : a sleigh 
shoe. vt. Sakeokatan ; sicuoka- 
tan. 

shoe-black, n. Can'hanpasamya. 

shoeblacking,n. Can'hanpaisamya. 

shoeless, a, Can'hanpa ni'ca. 

shoe-maker, n. Can'hanpakaga. 



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shoer 203 

shoer, n. Sakemazaokatai). 

shone, imp. of shine. 

shoo, interj. Si ; 6. 

shook, imp. of shake. 

shoot, t'£. 1. Kute ; yeya : shoot 
an arrow/ shoot a gun. 2. O ; 
en iyeya : he shot a bear. 3. 
Uya ; yeya. Shoot out a bud, 
can ami wan uya. — SJioot at, 
kute. — Shoot off a gun, ma'za- 
kan bosdoka. — He was shot at, 
kutepi. — He was slwt, o'pi. — 
Shoot down, bowanka. vi. 1. 
Ma'zakan econ ; kute ; uta : I 
heard some one shoot. 2. Hi- 
nanpa ; uya : icaga : the grain 
shot up. 3. I)us hiyaya. The 
train shot by, hemani dus hiya- 
ya. n. 1. Kutepi; okute. 2. 
Can 'uya ; canadetka : green 
shoots. 3. Ohna yeyapi : grain 
shoot. 

shooter, n. Wakute ; on kutepi. 

shooting, n. Ma'zakan .ecoqpi ; 
wanhinkpe yeyapi ; wakutepi. 

shooting-star, n. Wicanhpiokiij- 

shop, n. 1. Ohna wowasi ecoqpi ; 
wokagetipi. 2. Mazopiye (ohna 
takusnisni wiyopeyapi) vi. Wo- 
peton : she has gone s)wpping. 

shopsboy, n. Wowasihok&idan ; 
wopetonhoksidan. 

shop-keeper, n. Mazopiyeyuha. 

shop-lifter, n. Mazopiye etanhan 
wamanon. 

shore, n. O'huta ; huta ; minika- 
hda. On shore, hutata. — Out 
from shore, cannan. 

shorn, pp. of shear. 

short, a. 1. Pte'cedai) : a short 
stick. 2. Ci'stiyedai) ; askaye- 
dan. : a short time. 3. Iyohi- 
sni ; a'okpani. — *hort of provi- 
sions, woyute iyohi&ni. 4. I'ta- 
to ; itahena ; a'okpam. — No- 
thing short of killing tcill do, 
kte'pj a okpani ta'kudan iyece- 



should 

tukteSni. 5. Ohanko ; wacinko : 
a short answer. 6. (Cookery) 
Napin; wan/kadai). — At short 
notice, kohanna. — Cut short his 
speech, wohdaka yaptecedai). 
n. Pte'cedai). adv. Ptenyedan ; 
i'tkonsya. 

short breathed, a. Niyapteeedan. 

short-cake, n. Aguyapi sda'icahi- 
yapi. 

short-coming, n. Eeeneeonsni. 

shorten, vt. Yuptecedan. ; yuao- 
kpani. vi. Pte'cedai) icaga. 

shortening, n. 1. Sda ; wi'hdi : no 
shortening in the cake. 2. Pte'- 
cedai) ka'gapi : the shortening 
of the road. 

short-hand, n. Ohankoowapi. 

short-lived, a. Ptenyedan ni'pi. 

shorty, adv. 1. Ecadan : I will 
come sJwrtly. 2. Ptenyedan : 
he spoke shortly. 

shortness, n. Pte'cedai). 

shorts, n. pi. Aguyapiha mdu. 

short-sighted, a. 1. Ikiyedan ayu- 
ta : short-sighted eyes. 2. Wi'- 
yukcansni : to cheat is short- 
sighted. 

short-waisted, a. Makuptecedan. 

shortwinded, a. Oniyaptecedan. 

Shoshones, n. pr. Su'suni ; So'- 
sonna. 

shot, imp. of shoot. 

shot, n. 1. Sukpanna; sucikcika- 
dai) : load your gun with shot. 
2 Wokute : he fired twenty 
shot. 3. Wakute ; kutepi : a 
fine shot. 

shot-pouch, n. Tasusuozuha. 

should, imp. of shall. (Dakota 
iapi iyececa wanica, qa ieska- 
yapisni ecee, tuka wanwanca- 
dan ieskapica.) 1. Iyececa. 
Should I do it, ecamoi) iyececa 
he. 2. He'cetu. I should like 
to go, mda wacin he'cetu. 3. 
Kinhai). Should it turn cold, 
osni hiijhda kinhai). 



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i boulder 



204 



Siamese 



shoulder, n. Hiyete; tapete; amdo. 
Put in your shoulder, hiyeteoi)- 
pa. — A shoulder of pork, kuku- 
se isto. vt. Hiyeteoijpa ; fcin. 

shoulder-blade, n. Amdohu. 

shoulder-strap, n. Hiyeteaskape. 

shoot, vi. Pai); as'a; Wtaijii). 
Slwutat, kipai). vt. Ho'tanka 
eya; pan/niya. n. Pan 'pi. 

shooter, n. Paij's'a. 

shove, vi. Patai) iyeya ; pasdohan. 
iyeya : slwve it away. 

shovel, n. Ma'zamdaska. Fire- 
shovel, cahota on. icupi. 

show, t?£. Pazo ; yuotai)ii) ; yuza- 
mni. Show forth, yuotanin. — 
Show him in, timahen ukiya. — 
Show off, ikpazo. n. Wapazo- 
pi ; wopazo ; pazopi ; yuotai)- 
inpi. 

show-bill, n. Tiaskamya yaotai)- 
inpi. 

show-case, n. 2anzan oakahpe. 

shower, n. Wapazo. 

shower, n. Magazu ; inahni ma- 
gazu ; hii)he ; ohinhe. A shower 
of meteors, wicanhpi ohinhe. 
vt. Ahinheya : he showered dirt 
onus. vi. Magazu ; hin nan. 

shower-bath, n. Mniahinheyapi. 

showerless, a. Magazuwanica. 

showery, a. Magazus'a. 

show-glass, n. Mniomdasin. 

showily, adv. Wi'taijtaijyai). 

show-man, n. Wapazowicasta. 

showy, a. Wowaijyake ; owaqyag- 
waste ; wi'taijtaq. 

shred, n. Minihuhaohdecahe. 

shrew, n. Wakiges'a. 

shrewd, a. Ksa'pa ; wayupika. 

shrewdly, adv. Wayupiya. 

shrewdness, n. Wowayupika. 

shriek, vi. Sicahowaya ; tehowa- 
ya : he shrieked for fear. 

shrieker, n. Sicahowayas'a. 

shrill, a. Pin'za; ho'phjza. vt. 
Yapiqza. vi. Piijs'hotoi). 

shrillness, n. Wopiqza. 



shrimp, n. Ta'ku ma'nina ; wica- 

6ta ecacistinna. 
shrine, n. Owacekiye ; wopiye- 

wakan. 
shrink, vi. 1. Natipa ; namniga ; 

ci'stinna a'ya : my moccasins 

shrank. 1. (with a prep.) Na- 

tuqka ; kokipa ; econkap'ii) : he 

shrunk from speaking, vt. Na- 

mnihya. 
shrinkage, n. To'ken aokpani. 
shrinking, pa. Ci'stinnaaya ; ko- 
kipa. 
shrinkingly, adv. Kokipeya. 
shrivel, vi. Sniza ; natipa ; sna'ze. 
shriveled, pa. Snisniza; pinspin* 

za 
shroud, n. Sina ; on iyapehaqpi. 

owinza. vt. Iyapemni; aka- 

npa; aohanziya. 
shrub, n. Car) ci'stinna ; otehi. 
shrubbery, n. Can cikcistinna ; 

waskuyeca hu. 
shrubby, a. Canwopamna ; otehi. 
shrug, vt. Tannapakiya. 
shrunk, imp. of shrink. 
shuck, n. Ha : ozuha. 
shudder, vi. Cancan. ; inihan. n. 

Wocancai) ; cancanpi. 
shuffle, vt. Yuicicahi; yuskar)- 

skan. vi. Skanskai). 
shumac, n. Canzi. 
shun, vt. Aohomniya ; okamna ; 

napa : shun bad company. 
shut, vt. Eceniyeya ; ecenicu ; na- 

taka. Shut in, aonataka ; na- 

taka. — Shut his mouth, i nataka. 
shutter, n. 1. Oakpahpe ; i'ha : a 

window shutter. 2. Tu'we wa- 

akahpa. 
shuttle, n. Hahonta ozuha. 
shy, a. Watoghda ; wi'kopa. To 

be shy of, kokipa. vi. Napa. 

n. Wonape ; okah'oiyeya. 
shyly, ndv. Watoghdaya ; wi'- 

stenya. 
shyness, n. Wowatoghda. 
Siamese, n. Si'amwicasta. 



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Siberian 



205 



signature 



Siberian, n. Siberiawicagta. 

sibilant, a. Hosdi. 

sibyl, n. Win 'van wa'yate. 

Sicilian, n. Si'cilywicasta. 

sick, a. Wayazai)ka ; yazai). SicJc 
of, hitihda; si'ceda. 

sicken, vt. Oyazaqya. vi. Waya- 
zai)hii)hda ; hiijhpaya. 

sicker, a. comp. San 'pa waya- 
zai)ka. 

sickish, a. Wayazaijka se'ca. 

sickle, n. Isaijskopa; mi'nasko- 
pa; peziinaksehi. 

sickly, n. Wayazans'a ; sta'keca. 

sickness, n. Wowayazaq. 

side, n. 1. Cuwi ; cute. My side 
aches, cuwi mayazai) 2. O'hu- 
ta ; opapui) ; cuwi ; obaspe. — 
On the south side, itokaga eci- 
yatai)hai). 3. Eciyataijhaij. God 
is on our side. — Both sides, ano- 
kataqhai). — By the side of, ica- 
lida. — Chose sides, anokataij- 

• han kicicannigapi. — On one 
side, sanina. — Side by side, i'ci- 
yokiheya ; icicantag. — Take 
sides, o'kiciyapi. — The other 
side, mjmaij eciyataijhan — 
This side, de'ciyataijhaij. — The 
side of a hill, pahaonaptai). — 
Lie on the side ,tanmdas wanka. 
a. Hdakiijyai) ; cuwi eciyataij- 
hai). — A side wind, hdakiijyai) 
tate. vi. Ti'daij. bide icith, 
kici ti'daij. 

side-board, n. Canmdaska wa'hna- 
kapi. 

side-fiance, n. Hdakiijyai) e'toij- 
waijpi. 

side-hill, n. fiuij'naptaij. 

sideling, a. Onnaptaij. 

side-saddle, n. Win/yaij fcungawa- 
kh). 

side-table, n. Wa'hnawotapi ade- 
haij. 

side-view, n. Hdakiijyai) waijya- 
kapi. 

sidewalk, n. Kahda ocanku. 



sideways, adv. Hdakiijyai}. 

sidewind, n. Hdakiijyai) tate. 

sldewise, adv. Hdakiijyai) ; na- 
keya. 

siding, n. fiemani icunom caijku. 

siege, n. Onawicatakapi (okicize 
ekta otoijwe aohomniyapi ka'- 
pi) ; ohomni kuwapi. 

sieve, n. Wi'yucaij. 

sift, vt. Yucaij ; yukcan. 

sifter, vt. Wayucai). 

sigh, vi. Howaya ; tanmahen uiya. 
n. Howayapi ; ohowaya. 

sight, n. 1. Wowaijyake ; a won- 
derful sight. 2. Wawaijyakapi t 
a cloud received him out of their 
sight; loss of sight. 3. Ista; 
wowaijyake: in his sight. 4. 
Wi'waqyake: tlw gun-sight. 5. 
O'ta; ni'na o'ta. He made a 
sight of money, ma'zaska ni'na 
o'ta kamna. — In sight, taijiij- 
yatj. — In sight of, o'taijiijyaij. 
— Out of sight, taqiijSni; i'siij- 
yaij. — Take sight, e'pazo. vt. 
Waqyaka jtaijiijyan hi. 

sighted, a. Wawaijyake. Long- 
sighted, te'han wawanyaka. 

sightless, a. Wawaijyakesni. 

sightly, a. Owasteca; okitaijiij. 

sight-seeing, n. Wawaijyag oma- 
nipi. 

sign, n. 1. Wa'petokeca ; wowa- 
kta; owe ; wasagkdepi. 2. Wi- 
kiyutapi: talk by signs. 3. (Al- 
gebra) Icazopi; wa'petokeca. 
vt. 1. Owa : sign your name. 
2. Wi'yuta ; wi'kiyuta. 

signal, n. Waktakiciyapi ; wo- 
wakta. a. Okitaijiij : a signal 
victory, vt. Iwaktaya; wi'ki- 
yuta : he signaled the boat. 

signalize, vt. Wa'petogton ; yu- 
taijiij. 

signally, adv. O'taijinyan. 

signature, n. 1. Cazeeicihnakapi : 
I want your signature. 2. (Mus.) 
Ho wa'petogtoijpi. 



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sign-board 206 

sign-board, n. Canmdaska caze 

owapi; canmdaska wasaghde- 

pi. 
signer, n. Cazeoiciwa. 
signet, n. Wi'puspe. 
signet-ring, n. Ma'zanapcnpe oi) 

apuspapi. 
signlflcancy, n. Ta'kukapi ; wowa- 

s'ake. 
significant, a. 1. Okitai]ii) ; wa'pe- 

tokeca : a significant look. 2. 

Tan/ka: was'aka. 
significantly, adv. Wapetogya. 
signification, n. 1. To'ken ka'pi : 

the signification of the word. 2. 

Yutaniijpi : repress the signifi- 
cation of joy. 
signify, vt. 1. Sdonyekiya ; oyaka : 

he signified his desire. 2. Ka ; 

yutaijii) : it signifies nothing. 
sign-post, n. Caijpasdatapi wowa- 

kta. 
silence, n. Ininaunpi ; woyakesni 

un'pi. inter j. Inina unkiya; 

ayastaijkiya. 
silent, a. Ininaun ; inina ; owan- 

ziun ; taninsni ui) : a silent 

man. — A silent letter, oowa tan. 

insni ui). 
silently, adv. Inina ; a'inina. 
silentness, n. Woinina. 
silk, n. 1. Wanmduskahin mini- 

huha; wanmduskahin. 2. Na- 

tu ; waijniduskahii) iyececa, 
silken, a. Stosto ; sdusduta. 
silkiness, n. Wosdusduta; wowi- 

yakpa. 
gilk'worm, n. Wanmduska hin 

ka'ga. 
silky, a. Wanmduskahin se'ca ; 

wiyakpa r panpanna. 
siliness, n. Wowitkotkoka. 
silly, a. Wacintoqsni ; witko- 

tko. 
silvan, a. Can ; pa'ta. 
silver, n. Ma'zaska; ma'zaska 

ma'za. a. Ma'zaska; ma'zaska 

iyececa; wiyakpa; ska. vt. 



sincere 



Ma'zaska apawinta; pawiya- 

kpa ; ska ka'ga. 
silver gray, a. Ska hota. 
silver*leaf, n. Ma'zaska minihu- 

ha. 
silversmith, n. Ma'zaska ma'zaka- 

ga- 

silvery, a. Ma'zaska iyececa. 

similar, a. Iyececa ; i'akidececa : a 
similar house. — Similar houses, 
ti'pi i'akidececa. 

similarity, n. Woakidececa. 

similarly, adv. Iyecen ; a'kidecen. 

similitude, n. Iyecece; woiyece- 
ce ; wi'yacinpi. 

simmer, vt. Nas'a. 

simoon, n. Tate ka'ta. 

simper, vt. Ziziya iha. 

simple, a. 1. E'cedan : a simple 
idea. 2. Waciijtonsni ; ksa'pe- 
sni. 3. Wicahnayewacinsni : the 
simple child. 

simple* hearted, a. Cante e'cedan ; 
wahtani wacin sni. 

simple-minded, a. Waawacinsni; 
ksa'pesni. 

simpleton, n. "Wacin tonsni ; wi- 
tkotkoka. 

simplicity, n. Oskiskesni ; wacin - 
tonpisni. 

simplify, vt. Yutenisni; yuecedan. 

simulate, vt. Koi)'za. 

simulation, n. Hna'yanpi ; kon/- 
zapi. 

simultaneous, a. Iyehan. 

simultaneously, adv. Iyehanyai). 

slmultaneousness, n. Woiyehantu. 

sin, n. Woahtani. vt. Wahtani. 

since, adv. Ehantanhan ; itahe- 
na; iyohakam. prep. Ehan- 
tanhan ; he tan h an. conj. 1. 
Ehantanhan : since the world 
began. 2. He'on etanhan ; na- 
kaes ; he'oi). — Since love is vain, 
ihakiciktapi kin he ta'kusni kin. 
he'on. 

sincere, a. 1. Wowicake : a sin- 
cere intention. 2. E cedar) ; wi- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



sincerely 207 

caka ; wohnaye ni'ca : a sin- 

cere man. 
sincerely, adv. A'wicakehai) ; awi'- 

cakeya ; wicakeya. 
slncereness, n. Wicakapi; wica- 

hnayanpisni. 
sincerity, n. Wowicake ; wohnaye 

wanica. 
sinecure, n. Makoskan wokazuzn 

yuha ; htanisni kicicazuzupi. 
sinew, n. Kai) ; wi'cuwa ; takan. 
sinewless, a. Kanwanica. 
sinewy, a. Kanota ; kantenka. 
sinful, a. 1. Wahtanis'a ; wahta- 

ni : sinful man. 2. Si'ca ; woa- 
htani : sinful words. 
sinfully, adv. Sicaya. 
sinfulness, n. Si'ce ; wosice ; woa- 

htani. 
sing, vi. Dowai) ; hotoi) ; hmun. 

vt. 1. Ahiyaya : sing a hymn. 

2. Yatan ; idowan : sing his 
deeds. 

singe, vt. Hihnu ; guya. 

singer, n. Dowanwayupika ; do- 

wanpi. 
singing-book, n. Wowapi odowai) 

ho ka'gapi. 
singing-man, n. Dowai) wicasta. 
singing-master, n. Dowanpi on- 

spewicakiya. 
singing-school, n. Dowanpi onspe- 

wicakiyapi. 
singing-woman, n. Win/yai) do- 

wans'a. 
single, a. 1. Wanzidan : a single 

star. 2. Isnana : lie single stood. 

3. Isnana ui) : a single man. 
vt. Kahniga ; wanzi icu. 

single-handed, a. Napsani; isna- 
na ; tansnana. 

single-hearted, a. Cantewanzidai) ; 
wohnayecodan. 

single-minded, a. Tawacin wanzi- 
dan. 

singleness, n. Wo wanzidan. ; woi- 
snana ; he'cetuwanzica. 

singletree, n. Caijwiyutitai). 



sirname 

singly, adv. Waijziksi ; isnana. 

sing-song, n. Dowai) se. 

singular, a. 1. (Gram.) Watjzidan 
ka'pi ; wicisnana : the singular 
number. 2. To'keca; wa'peto- 
keca : of singular appearance. 
3. Isnana ; iyotan ; wakapeya. 

singularity, n. Wowapetokeca ; 
wicisnana. 

singularly, adv. Togye ; wa'pe- 
togya. 

einister, a. Oatkata ; ecinsni. 

sink, vi. Kuniyaye; mahen iya- 
ye ; spaya : the boat sank. vt. 
Kun iyayeya ; spa'yeya : sink a 
ship. — Sink a debt f oicazo yu- 
aokpani. — Sink a hole, ohdoka 
mahen a'ya. — Sink money, ma'* 
zaska awihnuniya. — Sink the 
price, wokazuiu a'okpani ka'- 
ga. n. Oskokpa; minisica tu- 
kten ehpeyapi. 

sinker, n. Oq spayeyapi. 

sink-hole, n. Minisica oskokpa. 

sinless, a. Woahtani ni'ca. 

sinlessly, adv. Woahtani waninya. 

slnlessness, n. Woahtani ecawa- 
nica. 

sinner, w. Wahtanis'a ; tu'we si'- 
ca. 

sin-offering, n. Woahtani wosnapi. 

Sioux, n. pr. Dakota. The Sioux 
nation, Dakota oyate. 

Sioux City, n. pr. Otonwe Ci'sthj- 
na ; Can'kasdate Iyohdoke. 

Sioux Falls, «. pr. Can/kasdate 
flaha; ftahe. 

sip, vt. Yatkai) ; yazoka ; iyozi- 
yatkan. vi. Wayatkaq. w. Wo- 
yatke ; wonapce. 

siphon, n. Wi'yuskepa. 

sir,n. Wicasta (woyuonihan iapi). 

sire, n. Atkuku ; tu'we ka'ga. vt. 
Ka'ga (suqgmdoka kapi ece). 

siren, n. Win'yai) wicahmunga ; 
win'yan. wawiyutaijye. 

sirloin, n. Tatar) k a ce'ca. 

sirname, n. Wicowazi caze. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



sirocco 208 

sirocco, n. Tate ka'ta. 

simp, n. Cai)hai)pitiktica ; haij- 
piskuya; Y. tunmaga hanpi. 

sister, ». 1. Ta'winontiij. A marts 
older sister, tankeku. — My sis- 
ter, tanke ; mitanke. — A marts 
younger sister, tanksitku. — My 
younger sister } tanksi; mitaij- 
ksi. — A woman's older sister, 
cun'ku; cuijweku. — My older 
sister, micun; cunwe. — A wo- 
man's younger sister, tankaku ; 
tan'ku. — My younger sister, 
tanka ; mitaijka. — They are sis- 
ters, tankakiciyapi. 2. Sina- 
sapa win/yan ookiye ; wiij'yai) 
ookiye. 

sisterhood, w. Win/yanookiye oko- 
dakiciye. 

sister-in-law, n. (A marts), Haij- 
ka ; (a woman's), icepai) ; (a 
woman's husband's brother's 
wife), icepai) si. 

sisterly, a. Ta'winontiij iyececa ; 
waonsida. 

sit, sat, vi. 1. I'yotanka ; yaijka. 
Sit down, i'yotanka. — Sit on the 
log, caijkaga akan yaijka. 2. 
Amai) ; akikna yaijka : the hen 
sits. 3. Kipi ; waijka : the coat 
sits well. 4. Mni'ciya; hi'yo- 
tai)ka. 5. Haijkikta : sit up 
with a sick man, 

site, n. Oyanke ; ticagapi makoce. 

sitter, w. I'yotankes'a ; wakikna 
yai)ka. 

sitting, pa. I'yotankahai) un. n. 
Oiyotanke; omniciye; naziij- 
sni. 

situate, a. Yaijka. 

situated, a. Yaijka ; e'hdepi. 

situation, n. Oyanke ; onaziij; oui); 
wowasi ; woMani. 

six, a. Sa'kpe. 

sixfold, a. oa'kpe akihde. 

sixpence, n. (Sagdasin. iapi) Ma'- 
sadai) akenora. 

six-shooter, n. Sa'kpeutapi. 



skimmer 



sixteen, a. Akeaakpe. 
sixteenth, a. 1. I'akesakpe. 2. Ake- 
aakpe yuspapi wanzi. 
sixth, a. 1. Isakpe: the sixth pie. 

2. Sa'kpeyuspapi : one sixth of 

a pie. 
sixthly, adv. Isakpe. 
sixty, a. Wikcemnasakpe. 
sizable, a. Ki'tanna tan/ka. 
size, n. 1. Tin/skokeca ; oiyute. 

2. Con'peska. vt. 1. Con/peska 

iun. 2. Oiyute ecekcen e'hna- 

ka. 
sized, a. Oiyute : large sized. 
sizing, w. Coij'peska. 
sizy, a. Tiktica ; tka'pa. 
sizzle, vi. Sdi ; sdi'sdi. 
Sizzling, n. Wosdisdi. 
skate, w. Ma'zaokazekicunpi. vi. 

Okazekicun. 
skater, ». Tu'we okazekicun. 
skedaddle, vi. Nazica ; mde'zesni 

napa. 
skein, n. (Hahonta) Okaksa. 
skeleton, n. 1. Huha : the skeleton 

of a man. 2. Owohdake iapi 

huna. 
skeptic, n. Wacetunhda; Wowa- 

piwakaij wicadaani. 
skeptical, a. Wacetunhda. 
skepticism, n. Wacetunhdapi. 
sketch, vt. Inahni owa; inahni 

icazo; ptenyedai) oyaka. n. 

Inanni owapi. 
skew, a. flmiij ; nake. vt. Yu- 

nmiij. 
skid, n. Can/apasdohaijpi. 
skiff, ft. Caijmdaskawatadai). 
skilful, a. Wayupika ; wakinoka. 
skilfully, ndv. Wayupiya. 
skilfulness, n. Wowayupika. 
skill, ft. Wowayupika ; wokahni- 

ge. 
skilled, a. Waoijspeka ; wayupika. 
skillet, a. Ce'gamdaska. 
skim, vt. Kage; wihdi icu. vi. 

Kasdusdun iyaye. 
skimmer, n. Wi'cage. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



skim-milk 



209 



slaughter 



skim-milk, n. Asanpiwihdiioupi. 

skimmings, n. Tage ; wakagepi. 

skin, n. Ha ; uka : a dog xkin. 
vt. Ha yu / za ; bagapa ; ha ba- 
sku. Skin a hog, kukuse ha 
yu'za. — Skin potatoes, mdo ha 
basku. 

skin-deep, a. Haakamyedan. 

skinless, a. Hacodan. 

skinny, a. Ha cee. 

skip, vi. Psi'psin ya ; ipsioa. Skip 
over, apsica. vt. Yusna ; aun,- 
yaijiyaye ; ecoijani. n. Oipsica ; 
waqkan iyeiciyapi. 

skipper, n. 1. Ipsices'a ; wacis'a. 
2. Wamdudai) psi'psica. 

skipping, pa. Psi'psin ya; psi'- 
psica. 

skipping-rope, n. Hahontawiyu- 
psice. 

skirmish, n. Tonweya kicizapi. 
vi. Tonweya kicis skan. 

skirmisher, n. Tonweya akicita. 

skirt, n. Sai)ksaniea : she wore a 
blue skirt. 2. Opapui) : in the 
skirts of town. vt. Opapui) ka'- 
ga; aohomniya. vi. Ohomni 

un. 

skittish, a. Ske'he ; watogkda. 

skittishly, adv. Skeheya. 

skulk, vi. Naicihmai) un ; ihdo- 

nica. 
skulker, n. Naicihbesa ; ku'za. 
skull, n. Pahu. 

skull-cap, n, Wapostanonzinca. 
skunk, n. Manka. 
sky, n. Mahpiyato ; mahpiya. 
sky-blue, a. Mahpiyato. 
sky-high, adv. Mahpiya hehan- 

wankantu. 
skylight, n. O'zanzanhdepi awa- 

keyapi ekta. 
sky-rocket, n. Cahdi wankankan 

bopomyapi. 
skyward, a. Mahpiya ektakiya. 
slab, n. Caijmdaska ha; in'yai) 

mdaska. 
slabber, vi. I'mnitaga ; i'mnistan. 



slab-sided, a. Nigemdask - . 

slack, a. Tin'zesni ; iwastedai) ; 
hanhi. adv. Tinsayasni ; to'- 
ken cin'yaq. n. Tin'zesni he- 
haijyai). 

slacken, vi. Yutfnzesnlaya : the 
rope slackens. 2. Kun ya ; hun'- 
kesniaya. 3. Mduwahe : lime 
slackens, vt. 1. Yu^inzesni : 
slacken the rope. 2. O'cim iwa- 
stedai) ya : he slackens his pace. 
3. Mduya : slack the lime. 

slackly, adv. fin/zesniyai) ; to'ken 
cinyai). 

slackness, n. Wotinzesni ; woawa- 
cii)8ni. 

slag, n. .Ginginca ; in/yansdo. 

slake, vt. Yusni ; yuasni. vi. Snia- 
ya ; sni. 

slam, vt. Ni'naiyeya. vi. Nina- 
iyaya ; bu. 

slander, n. Waaiapi; woaie. vt, 
Aia ; ituya aia. 

slanderer, n. Waaies'a. 

slanderous, a. Waaiapi ; waaies'a. 

slanderously, adv. Waaia. 

slang, n. Iapisni ; owestepi. 

slant, a. Takinyan ; a'pamahde. 
vt. Takinyan, e'hde. vi. Takin- 
yai) wanka. n. Onaptanye. 

slanting, a. Atakinyai) ; nake. 

slantingly, adv. Atakinyai). 

slantwise, adv. Atakinyai). 

slap, vt. Napemdaska apa. n. 
Skamyena apapi. 

slapjack, n. Aguyapi zizipedan. 

slash, vt, Capapi ; bahonhoi). n. 
Obahon ; oape. 

slashed, pa. Bahoi)pi. 

slat, n. Caijmdaska sbu'na. 

slate, n. In'yai) sa'pa; inyan 
mdaskaska. 

slattern, n. Win'yai) samya ihdu- 
ha. a. Samya un. 

slatternly, adv. Samyena. 

slaty, a. In'yanmdaska se'ea. 

slaughter, n. Wokte ; wopata. vt. 
Kte ; pa'ta. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



slaughterer 210 

slaughterer, n. Wicakte ; wapata. 
slaughter-house, n. Owokte. 
slave, n. Wayaka ; wowidake ; ta'- 

waiciyesni. 
slave-born, a. Wayakatonpi. 
slave-catcher, n. Wayakaoyuspa. 
slave-driver, n. Wayaka wicaka- 

napa. 
slaveholder, n. Wayakayuha. 
slaveholding, «. Wayakayuhapi. 
slavehnnt, n. Wayakanazicaodepi. 
sla'ver, n. 1. Wayaka wopeton. 

2. Wi'tawata wayakatoksu. 
slav'er, n. I'mnitaga; i'mnicastai). 

vi. I'mnistan. 
slavery, n. Wayakatonpi. 
slave-ship, n. Wi'tawatawayaka- 

toksu. 
slave-trade, n. Wayakawopetonpi. 
slavish, a. Wayaka iyececa ; te- 

Mke. 
slay, vt. Kastaka ; kte. 
slayer, n. Wakastaka ; tin'wica- 

kte. 
sled, n. Caijwiyusdohe ; Y. can- 

wo8dohe. 
sledding, n. Osdohaijpi. 
sledge, n. 1. Maziyapetaijka. 2. 

Canwiyusdohe. 
sleek, a. Sto ; stosto ; sdusduta ; 

wiyakpa. vt. Kastosto. adv. 

Yupiya. 
sleekly, adv. Stostoya ; wiyakpaya. 
sleep, vi. Istirjma ; istinbe j ataij- 

seun. n. Woistinma. 
sleeper, n. 1. Tu'we istiijma ; istin- 

mapi. 2. Ohna isthjmapi. 
sleepily, adv. Istinmase ; libayena. 
sleepiness, n. Wicahbapi. 
sleeping, pa. Wicistiijma; oistin- 

ma. n. Woistinma. 
sleepless, a. Istinmesni. 
sleeplessly, adv. Istinmesniyan. 
sleeplesness, «. Woistinmesni. 
sleepy, a. fiba ; T. hwa ; ku'za. 
sleet, n. Watutupa. vi. Watu- 

tumya hii)he. 
sleety, a. Acahcaga. 



sling 



sleeve, n. Isto ; on'hdondaisto. 

Laugh in his sleeve, nanmana 

iha. 
sleeveless, a. Istowanica. 
sleigh, n. Canwiyusdohe kapoze- 

dan. 
sleighing, n. Wosdohanpi. 
sleight, n. 1. Woaktasni; woyu- 

sna : it was a sleight. 2. Woo- 

hanko ; wowayupika : sleigh t of 

hand. 
slender, a. 1. Ci'stinna ; ci'stinna- 

haijska : slender but strong. 2. 

Wan'kadai) ; sutasni : a slender 

constitution. 
slenderly, adv. Cistiyedai) ; kpa- 

tanyan. 
slept, imp. of sleep. 
slew, imp. of slay. 
slice, vt. Baksaksa ; bamda ; ka- 

mda : slice bread; slice beef. n. 

Obaspe. 
slick, a. Sdusduta ; stosto. vt. Pa- 

sduta ; kastosto. 
slid, imp. of slide. 
slide, slid, slldden, vi. 1. Kasdun 

iyaya : he slid by. 2. Osdohai) 

kicun : slide down the hill. 3. 

Hiyaya ; nahmai) iyaya : he slid 

out of sight, vt. 1. Kasdun iye- 

ya ; nahmai) hiyuya. n. Osdo- 

haqkicunpi ; wokasduta. 
slider, n. Wakasduta ; kasdutapi. 
slight, a. Ci'stinna ; iwastedai) : a 

slight effort, vt. 1. Aktasni ; 

we'ceyesni : she slighted me. 2. 

Taij'yan ecoi) sni : slight his 

work. n. Woaktasni; wowa- 

htedasni. 
slightingly, adv. Aktasniyai). 
slightly, adv. Iwastedai) ; kitan- 

ecinyai) ; haakamyedan. 
sllghtness, n. Wotehisni. 
slim, a. Ci'stinahanska ; ta'kusni. 
slime, n. Upsiza ; makacoco. 
slimsy, a. Zigzica. 
slimy, a. Tutupa ; hmun'za. 
sling, n. Iyuhmun ; iij'yaniyu- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



slink 



211 



sluttish 



hmui) ; wi'otke. n. Miniwa- 
kaqicahi. vt. Kah'oiyeya; otke- 
ya. 

slink, vi. NasdanMhda. vt. Oka- 
skaijtoi). 

slip, vi. 1. Nasduta ; kaAduniya- 
ya : his foot slipped. 2. Ieun- 
om iyaya ; kasdun iyaya : it 
slipped out. 3. Nasdun iyaya ; 
nahmaq iyaya : he slipped away. 
4. Nasna ; yusna. vt. Kasdun 
iyeya ; kohai) iyeya : slip in the 
pin. — Slip on a coat, okde ko- 
hai) kicun. n. Wonasduta; 
wonasna; woyusna: a slip of 
the foot; lie made a slip. 2. 
Obaksa ; caqiqkpa obakse : cur- 
rant slips. 3. Oqspa; obakse 
han/ska : a slip of paper. 4. 
Akanuijpi; nitoske. 5. Wa'ta 
onaziij. 6. Can/akagyankapi 
han/ska. 

slipper, n. Cai)'hai)paoi)zii)ca. 2. 
Kasdutesa. 

slippery, a. Sdusduta ; wacinyepi- 
casni ; to'ketutaijinsni. 

slipshod, a. To'kencinyan. 

slit, vt. Bahoi) ; bahdoka ; basde- 
ca. ». Obahoi) ; oko ; ohci. 

sliver, «. Caij'osdeca ; wokasdate. 
vt. Kasdesdeca. 

slobber, vi. I'mnistat). 

sloop, ft. Wi'tawata ihupa wan- 
zina. 

slop, ft. Minisica ; miniehpeyapi. 
vt. Minisica apapsoi). 

slope, w. fiun/naptan ; o'hya ica- 
gopi. vt. O'hya ka'ga; a'pa- 
mahde ka'ga. ri. Napa. 

sloping, a. Onaptaijyaq ; o'hya. 

slopingly, adv. O'hya. 

sloppy, a. Upsiza ; coco. 

slosh, ft. Coco ; makacoco. 

sloshy, a. Coco ; haijhi. 

slot, ft. Canhdakiijyai) ; o'smaka. 

sloth, ft. 1. Wokuza : live in sloth. 
2. (Zool.) Ku'za; (Wahutopa 
wai) inmu hiij'skokeca). 



slothful, a. Ku'za ; hun'kesni ; ku- 

zita. 
slothfully, adv. Kuzi^eya ; hun/ke- 

eniyan. 
slothfulness, n. Wokuza. 
slouch, ft. Tu'we hcoka ; cogeca. 

vt. fldoheya econ. 
slouf h, «. Wiwi ; ohdihdi. v. Na- 

hdaya ; hinhpaya. 
sloven, u. Cogeca. 
slovenliness, n. Wohnahai). 
slovenly, a. flnahan ; cogeca. 
slow, a. fianhi ; hun'kesni ; he'- 

kta ui) ; ohansdata. 
slowly, adv. fianhiya ; asasyena ; 

iwastedai). 
slowness, n. Wohanhi. 
slue, vi. Eahomni ; kasduniyaya ; 

vt. Kahomui iyeya. 
slug, ft. Ma'zasuhanska ; ma'za- 

cehdihpeyapi siha. vt. Ma'za- 

su on apa. 
sluggard, ft. Ku'za. 
sluggish, a. Hun'kesni ; hai)hi ; 

econkapii). 
sluggishly, adv. Kuziteyena. 
sluggishness, n. Wokuza. 
slugs, ft. Ma'zaagugu ; kaspuspu- 

sluice, ft. Minicaqkukagapi ; mi- 
nitiyopayapi. 

slum, ft. Wahtesniotipi. 

slumber, vi. Ogonga ; istinma ; 
iwastedai) istinma. 

slumberer, n. Istiqbes'a. 

slumberless, a. Istinbesni. 

slung, imp. of sling. 

slung-shot, ft. Ma'zasu can/hpi. 

slunk, imp. of slink. 

slur, vt. 1. Ta'kusica ikoyagya; 
istenya : he slurred me. 2. Ana- 
hma : slur a fact. 3. (Mus.) 
Ikoyaka. ft. Wi'koyake ; wo- 
iyaoijpe. 

slush, n. Upsiza ; ta'kucoco. 

slushy, a. Coco. 

slut, w. Sunkawiye. 

sluttish, a. linahar) ; cogeca. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



sly 212 

sly, a. Nanman skat) ; sda'ta ; 

ksa'pa ; wicastasni. 
slyly, adv. Nanmana ; ananbeya. 
slyness, n. Nanmana skan'pi. 
smack, vt. Yuskapa; po'pa. n. 

1. Ta'kupo'pa; yaskapapi. 2. 
U'tapi ; wokitai). 3. Oape ; apa- 
pi. vi. Kafttan ; on'spa en un. 

smacking, j?a. Yaskaskapa; itan- 
canka. 

small, a. Ci'stiijna ; ci'kana ; kpa- 
na. Small potatoes, mdo cikci- 
stinna. 

small-arms, «. Ma'zakanikceka. 

smallish, a. Ki'tanna ci'stinna. 

smallness, n. Wocistinna. 

small-pox, n. Itewicahdondokapi. 

smart, a. Wacinksapa : a smart 
boy. 2. Pe'sto ; pa za : a smart 
rebuke. 3. Mdiheca ; ohaijko : 
smart to get around. 4. Ni'na 
hiyu ; ni'na : a smart breeze. 
5. O'ta ; tan'yan : a smart crop 
of grass. 6. Wi'tantan ; ksa'- 
pa : most too smart. 

smartly, adv. Wacinksamya ; pe'- 
stoya; wi'tantanyan. 

smartness, n. Wowacinksape ; wo- 
ohitike. 

smash, vt. Eamdeca; kasusuza. 
Smashed to pieces, kpanyena 
kamdeca. ft. Kamdecapij wo- 
takunisni. 

smasher, ft. Wakamdeca; wohi- 
tika. 

smatter, vi. Sdonyesniia. 

smatterer, w. Wasdonyesni iaa. 

smattering, n. Wosdonye haakam- 
yena. 

smear, vt. Akastaka; sdaya; asam- 
ya. ft. Akastakapi. 

smell, vt. 1. O'mna : smell the rose. 

2. Iyukcan : he smelted out the 
answer, vi. Mna ; o'mna : / 

can't smell, n. O'mnapi ; woo- 
mna. 
smeller, n. On o'mnapi ; po'ge ; 
waomna. 



smoothlng-plane 



smelling, ft. Waomnapi. 

smelling-bottle, ft. 2anzan o'mna- 
pi. 

smelt, vi. Sdoya. 

smelter, n. Wasdoya. 

smicker, vi. Inana. 

smile, vi. Iha; iyokipi; ahiton- 
wan : wi'ynskin. Mother smiled, 
ina ina. — May heaven smile, to- 
kin mahpiya iyokipi ahiton- 
wan. — Smiling spring, we'tu 
wi'ynskin. «. Inapi; woina; 
woinakta. 

smller, ft. Inas'a. 

smilingly, adv. Wi'hahaya; canwa- 
steya. 

smirch, vt. Asamya. 

smirk, vi. Ihakoijza. 

smite, vt. Apa. Apa; kastaka; 
hmuijga. Smite off, kaspa. 

smith, n. Ma'zakaga. Silver-smith, 
ma'zaskakaga. 

smitten, pp. of smite. Apapi ; wi- 
cinpi yuhnaskinyan. 

smock, n. Win'yan mahenunpi. 

smoke, n. So'ta : I see smoke, vi. 
1. So'ta ; izita ; so'takaga : the 
stove smokes. 2. Canonpa : do 
you smoke, vt. 1. Izinya ; so'- 
taya. 2. On 'pa ; cannonpa. 

smokeless, a. So'ta wanica. 

smoker, n. Cannoijpaa'a. 

smoky, a. 1. So'ta ; so'Wa : a 
smoky house. 2. Sotozu : a 
smoky day. 3. Sotkazi : a smnly 
ceiling. — A smoky teepee, wizi. 

smolder, vi. Izita ; itkonyahe. 

smooth, a. ddusduta ; mda'ya ; 
stosto ; amdakedai) . — Smoo th 
glass, zanzai) sdusdnta. — 
Smooth hair, hin stosto. — 
Smooth road, canku mda'ya. — 
Smooth words, iapi sku'ya. vt. 
Pastosto ; kamdaya ; yuasni. 

smooth-faced, a. Hin wanica. 

smoothing-iron, n. Wi'pamdaye. 

smoothing-plane, ft. Wi'cazipepte- 
cedan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



smoothly 213 

smoothly, adv. Stostoya; iyoki- 

piya. 
smoothness, n. Womdaye. 
smooth-spoken, a. I'wasicun, ; 

i'skuya. 
smooth-tongued, a. Ceziskuya. 
smlttea, pp. of smite. 
smother, vt. Yuniyasni; yusni. — 

Smother the babe, hoksiyopa 

yuniyasni. — Smother fire, pe'ta 

yusni. — Smother anger, wocai)- 

niyo apaspa. 
smudge, n. So'ta ; wi'zinyapi. 
smuggle, vt. Nahmai) ahi : smuggle 

goods into the country. 
smuggler, n. Nanmanwatoksu. 
smut, n. Agnyapisusapa ; cehna- 

gi. 

smutty, a. 1. Cehnagi asamya. 2. 
Aa : smutty com. 3. Wowi- 
steca : smutty talk. 

snag, n. Caijmnicazo ; can ; cai)- 
hutkan : the boat ran on a snag, 
vi. Can/naohdoka. 

snail, n. Wamnunadai) ; tu'we 
hun'kedandni. 

snake, n. Wamduska ; zuzuhece- 
dai) ; T. zuzeca; war]. — Rattle- 
snake, sintenda. vt. Yusdohai) ; 
sdohai) : snake a log. 

Snake, n. pr. Sintendawicasa. 

snaklsh, a. Wamduskase. 

snap, vt. 1. Kapsaka ; yupsaka : 
snapped the bars. 2. Yupopa ; 
kapopa : snap the fingers. 3. 
Yakoka: the dog snapped his 
teeth, vi. 1. Psa'ka ; kapsaka : 
the pole snapped. 2. Bokega : 
the gun snapped, n. 1. Papsa- 
kapi ; wopapsaka : broke with a 
snap. 2. Woakipa : a cold snap. 

3. Ma'zawiyuze : a bridle snap. 

4. Aguyapi zizina : ginger 
snaps. 

snappish, a. Way ah takes' a. 
snappishly, adv. Esizeya. 
snare, n. Wi'hnmnke ; wowawi- 
yutaijye. vt. Hmun/ka. 



snub 

snarl, vi. fldo; T. Mo. vt. Yu- 

wiwi ; i'ciyakaska. n. Yuwiwi ; 

woyuskiske. 
snatch, vt. Kohan icu; yukam 

icu. n. Wokitaq. 
snatcher, n. Yukamicus'a. 
snath, n. Peziicaadaihupa. 
sneak, vi. Pamahdedai) ya ; isteca 

se skai). n. Nahmaqskan. 
sneaking, a. Waananbe. 
sneer, vi. Inaha. n. Wowina. 
sneerer, n. Wawinaha. 
sneerlngly, adv. Wawinanaya. 
sneeze, vi. Psa. 
snicker, vi. Ziziya ina. 
sniff, vt. O'mna ; po'gai). 
sniffle, vi. finahna niya ; tu)'g&> 
snipe, n. Hu'totona. 
snivel, vi. Tin/ga ; pandi au. 
sniveler, n. Ce'yakenun. 
snob, n. Wabaijicida. 
snooze, vi. Istinma ; inanni istin- 

ma. 
snore, vi. "Go'pa. 
snorer, n. -Go'pes'a. 
snort, vi. Po'gai) ; hnanna. 
snot, n. Pandi. 
snout, n. Pute ; pasu : the hog's 

snout. 
snow, n. Wa. The snow flies, wa 

bomdu ; icamna. vi. Wapa ; 

wa hinhe. 
snow-ball, n. Wakaska. vi. Wa- 

kiciirjpi. 
snowsbird, n. Wa'kasansan. 
snowbllnd, a. Wa'istaiowicasnize. 
snowdrift, n. Wo'gan ; T. wawo- 

tiheye. 
snowflake, n. 1. Wa'sukaza. 2. 

Wahcaska (ocaze). 
snow-plow, n. Wa'icatice. 
snow*shoe, n. Pse ; tanmda. 
snow-storm, n. Waibomdu. 
snow-white, a. Wa'seska. 
snowy, a. 1. Wa'se ; wa'kasote- 

sni. 2. Wa'akanpa. 
snub, vt. Anaptakuwa; okihi- 

sniya. 



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sniff 214 

Miff, vt. Po'zanzai) ; yazinca ; 
o'mna : the dog snuffed the 
breeze, n. 1. Candi bakpaqpi. 
2. Petizaniaijiyagu. 

snuff-box, n. Caqdiyazincapi opi- 
ye. 

snuffer, w. 1. Wayazinca. 2. Pe- 
tizaijzai) iyukse. 

souffle, vi. Oyannanna ; pozan- 
zai). 

snug, a. Ayuco ; tan 'y an. 

snuggle, vi. A'skamya iwai)ka. 

snugly, adv. Kipiya ; ayucoya. 

so, adv. 1. He'cen : God made me 
so. 2. Ni'na ; he'ceh : J am so 
tired. — So long, hehankeca. — 
He stayed so long, ni'na te'han 
yai)ka. — So far, hehaqyai) ; ni'- 
na te'han. — So forth, san/pa 
he'cekcen. — So large, hin/sko- 
tai)ka; ni'na tan/ka. — So much, 
henakeca; ni'na o'ta. — So small, 
hiij'skoyedai) ; ni'na ci'stinna. 
— So so, he'cetu; he'cetuka. 
conj. Ehantanhans ; kinhai). 

soak, vt. fipaijyai) ; spa'yeya. vi. 
Akantan. 

soaked, pa. flpai) ; spa'ya. 

soaking, pa. Kahtaijyaq. 

soap, n. Wi'pazaza ; ¥. & T. ha'i- 
pazaza. vt. Wi'pazaza iui). 

soap-bubble, n. Tagebotaijkapi. 

soap-stone, n. In/yarjsaij. 

soap-suds, n. Miniwipazazaota. 

soapy, a. Wipazaza yukaij. 

soar, vi. Waijkan kiijyai) j nawii). 
Soar away, auijyai) iyaye. 

sob, vi. Ce'yaya ; ce'yektakta. n. 
Ce'yapiho ; mdokaska. 

sober, a. 1. Mdeze; witkosni : the 
man is sober. 2. Oliaijtanka ; 
wi'hahasni; wicaka : a very 
sober boy. vt. Kamdeza. 

soberly, adv. Mdesya ; a'wicakeya. 

sober-minded, a. Tawacii) mde'ze. 

soberness, n. Womdeze; wowi- 
cake. 

sobriety, n. Wi'wicamdeza. 



sojourner 

sobriquet, w. I'nadcaze. 

so-called, a. He'cen eciyapi. 

sociable, a. Wohdakes'a; wawi- 
haha ; wawimagaga. 

sociaUeness, n. Wi'cihaktapi. 

sociably, adv. Imagagaya. 

social, a. Okiciya. 

socialist, n. Okiciyapi okodaki- 
ciye. 

socially, adv. Okiciya. 

society, n. Wicastaikicitukapi ; 
okiciyapi ; i'cikiyedai) ti'pi ; 
omniciye ; wai)kiciyakapi. 

sock, n. Iyahdehunska ; Y. & T. 
huijyakoi). 

socket n. Ondoka ; oskokpa. 

sod, n. Pezihutkan. ; pezi. vt. Pe- 
zi hutkai) azu. 

soda, n. Agriyapiinapohye euta. 

soda-water, n. Miniipigayatkaqpi. 

sodomite, n. Iwicahusa. 

sofa, n. Akanyaqkapi hai)'ska 
pai)pai)na. 

soft, a. 1. Paijpanna; paqspai)- 
zedai) ; hihi : a soft bed ; soft 
cloth; soft earth. 2. Wan'ka- 
dai) : soft iron. 3. Owasteca : 
soft air. 4. Iwastedai) : soft 
whispers. 5. Coco : soft mud. 
— Soft water, mini sutaani ; ma- 
gazu mini. 

soften, vt. Kapaqpan. ; yupaijpar) ; 
kacoco ; yuasni. vi. Iwastedai) 
aya ; waijkadai) a'ya ; sdo. 

soft-headed, a. Waciijksapesni. 

soft-hearted, a. Canwanka. 

softly, adv. Iwastedai) ; iwahna- 
na ; wa'hbayena. 

softness, n. Wopanpanna ; wowa- 
hba. 

soggy, a. Spa'ya ; dodo se'ca. 

soil, n. Makikceka ; maka : the 
soil is good. vt. Yusapa ; asam- 
ya ; don y t soil your clothes. 

sojourn, vi. Inanniti; ohnihdeui). 
n. Oui)yai)pi 

sojourner, n. Ohnihdeui); ina- 
hniui). 



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sojournment 215 

sojournment, n. Ounyaqpi. 
sol, n. (Mies.) Ho'izaptan. 
solace, vt. Waciijtoijhnagya ; ki- 

carjpta. n. Wokicanpte. 
solar, a. Aijpawi ; aijpawi etaij- 

haij. 
sold, imp. of SELL. 
solder, n. Wisdoye. «rt. Censka 

apuspa. 
soldier, w. Akicita. 
soldiering, w. Akicitaui)pi. 
soldierly, a. Akicita iyececa ; wa- 

ditaka. 
sole, ft, Sicu ; sicuha : the sole of 

my shoe, vt. Sicu okatai). 
sole, a. Heceedai) ; isnana. 
solecism, w. Iapi ecinsniyaij ; wi- 

coharj echjsniyaij. 
solely, adv. Heceedai) ; he'eehna- 

na. 
solemn, a. Wakan ; wakaqse ; wo- 

wicake. 
solemnity, w. Wowakaij ; wowica- 

ke ; wowinihan. 
solemnization, n. Yuwakaijpi. 
solemnize, vt. Yuwakaij ; ahope- 

wicaya ; yustan . 
solemnly, adv. Wakaijyaij; a'wi- 

cakeya. 
solicit, vt. Kida ; da ; icekiya. 
solicitation, n. Wadapi; ocinpi. 

At the solicitation of his father, 

atkuku okicichj kiij oij. 
solicitor, w. 1. Wadaun ; waocin. 

2. Ki'cicuwa ; kazuzuwicaki- 

ya- 

solicitous, a. Cin/hca; awaciij- 

nca ; icantesica. 
solicitously, adv. Icantesinya. 
solicitude, w. Waawacinhca. 
solid, a. 1. Suta ; ke'za : solid 

ground. 2. lldogeca&ni : a solid 

ball. 3. Omdotoi) : a solid foot. 

4. Tke ; suta : solid food. n. 1. 

Ta'ku tanton. 2. (Gram.) Ta'- 

ku omdotoi). 
solidify, vt. Yusuta. vi. Suta a'ya. 
solidity, n. 1. Wosuta; hoho«ni. 



something 



2. Cante^inzapi ; wotanka ; wo- 
wicake. 

solidly, adv. Sutaya ; a'taya. 

solidness, ft. Wosuta ; a'taya. 

soliloquize, vi. I'ciwohdaka. 

soliloquy, n. I'ciwohdakapi. 

solitarily, adv. Isnana. 

solitariness, ft. Wicisnana un'pi. 

solitary, a. Isnana un ; wanzidai) ; 
makoskan un'pi. 

solitude, n. Makoskantu ; wicisna- 
na unpi. 

solo, w. Wicisnana dowanpi. 

solstice, ft. An'pawi namni. 

soluble, a. ftpanyepica ; skanye- 
pica ; kahdogpica j okahnih- 
pica. 

solution, ft. 1. flpuwahe ; npan- 
yaijhan ; mduwahe. 2. Kahdo- 
kapi ; to'ketu oyakapi : the solu- 
tion of the question. 3. ( Ch em . ) 
Skanyanpi: a solution of soda. 
4. Woyuzuzu : owihanke. 

solvable, a. Oyagpica ; yasupica. 

solve, vt. Yukcan ; yasu ; yuza- 
mni; oyaka. 

solvency, «. Wawokihika. 

solvent, a. 1. Kazuzu okihi. 2. 
Skanyepica ; waskaijkiya. 

sombre, a. Sa'peca ; gigi ; otaqin- 
kesni ; aokpaza. 

some, a. 1. Oijge: some water; 
some flour. 2. Wanziksi : some 
girls; some horses. 3. Waijzi ; 
tu'we kasta : some man trill do 
it. 4. Ki'tan'na ; onspa. 5. Ce'- 
tu : some ten miles. 6. Ki'taijna 
o'ta : it will be some days before 
he will come. 

somebody, n. Tu'we ; wicasta 
wanzi. 

somehow, adv. 1. To'ketu kacen : 
somehow he fell. 2. To'ketu ka- 
sta : it must be done somehotc. 

somersault, somerset, ft. Kaho- 
mni ehpeiciyapi. 

something, n. 1. Ta'ku ; ta'ku 
wanzi. 2. Onspa ; iyokise. 



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sometime 216 

sometime, adv. Tohantu kiijhan ; 
tohantu sta : sometime come and 
see me. 2. To'hinni. 

sometimes, adv. Tuktentu. 

somewhat, n. Ki'tanna; onspa; 
ta'ku; hanke. adv. Ki'tanna. 

somewhere, adv. Tukten ; to'kiya. 

somerset, n. See somersault. 

somnambulist, n. Is tin ma omani. 

son, n. Cinhintku; cirjca. My 
son, micinksi. — Your son, ni- 
cinksi. — His son, cinhintku. — 
Son, cins. — Sons of Jacob, Jacob 
cinca. 

song, n. Odowan ; odowai) ikceka. 

songful, a. Dowaqs'a. 

songless, a. Dowai) okihisni. 

songster, n. Dowans'a. 

soniferous, a. Ho'kaga. 

son-in-law, n. Takosku. — My son- 
in-law, mitakos ; takoswaya. 

sonless, a. Cinhiijtku wanica. 

sonnet, n. Odowai) (ocaze). 

sonorous, a. Ho'yukai) ; ho'tan/- 
ka ; ho' waste. 

sonshlp, n. Cii)hii)tkuyapi. 

soon, adv. Ecadai) ; kohanna ; 
to'kesta. Sooner, tokaheya. — 
Soonest, tokaheyahca. — As soon 
as, tohan. — No sooner, he'ce- 
hnana; i'ecadan. 

soot, n. Cehnagi; sonnagi. vt. 
Cehnagi akahpa. 

sooth, n. Wowicake. 

soothe, vt. Kihna ; iyokipiya. 

soothingly, adv. Kihnaya. 

soothsay, vi. Ayata. 

soothsayer, n. Waayate. 

sooty, a. Cehnagi o'ta ; sa'pa. 

sop, vt. fipaijye ; kahtai) ; opu- 
tkai). n. Apaxjyaijpi ; oi) ki- 
hnapi. 

sophism, n. Woksape wohnaye. 

sophist, n. Woksape iwicahnaye. 

sophistical, a. Wicahnaye. 

sophistry, w. Woksape wohnaye. 

sophomore, n. Woonspe wankantu 
waniyetu inonpa. 



sound 



sorcerer, n. Wapiyes'a ; wica - 

hmunga. 
sorcery, n. Wohmunge ; wawiyu- 

tanye. 
sordid, a. Sa'pa ; si'ca. 
sordidly, adv. Sicaya. 
sore, a. Yazan ; hdi : my sore 

hand. 2. Ni'na si'ca ; tehika : 

a sore disease, n. fldi ; yazai). 

adv. Sicaya ; ni'na. 
sorely, adv. Tehiya ; ni'na. 
soreness, n. Oyazan. 
sorghum, n. Canhanpihu. 
sorrel, n. Wahpesknya. a. Hinsa. 
sorrily, adv. Oiyokisinya. 
sorrow, n. Woiyokisica; wocan- 

tesica. vi. Icantesica; iyoki- 

sica. 
sorrowful, a. Iyokisica ; oiyokisi- 

ca ; woiyokisica. 
sorrowfully, adv. Oiyokisinya. 
sorry, a. 1. Cantesica: I am sorry. 

2. Oiyokisica : a sorry sight. 

3. Iyecetusni : a sorry excuse. 
sort, n. Obe ; ocaze : what sort of 

wood. — In some sort, to'ketu- 
yaka. — Out of sorts, ecetukesni. 
vt. 1. Obe ecekcen e'hnaka : 
sort potatoes. 2. Kahniga ; ka- 
hnih icu. Ill-sorted words, iapi 
tan'yan kahnigapisni. vi. Ba- 
cica ; Mci iyokipi. 

sortable, a. Pta'pta e'hnagpica. 

so-so, a. Ahececa. 

sot, n. Witkosa. 

sottish, a. Miniwakan akaska. 

sottishness, n. Witkopis'a. 

soul, n. 1. Nagi ; wicanagi : Christ 
came to save souls. 2. Oni ; 
cante ; wowas'ake : no soul left 
within him. 3. Wicastaj tu'we: 
ten souls in the boat. 

soulless, a. Cantewanica. 

sound, a. 1. Zani; a'taya waste : 
a sound apple. 2. Wicaka ; he'- 
cetu : a sound argument. 3. 
Wowicake ; a'wicake : a sound 
threshing. 4. Suta ; ni'na: 



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sounding 



217 



sparing 



sound sleep, n. 1. Ho; ta'ku 
bu : I heard a sound. 2. Mini 
wakpaseyeye : go boating on the 
sound, vt. 1. Sbe iyuta ; iyuta ; 
yukcan : sound the waters. 2. 
Kahoton ; yahoton : sound the 
trumpet, vi. Hoton ; ho'tanin ; 
sna ; bu : the wind sounds cold. 

sounding, pa. Ho'tanin ; ho'tan- 
ka. n. Sbe iyutapi. 

sounding-line, n. Hahonta on sbe- 
iyutapi. 

soundless, a. Ho wanica. 

soundly, adv. A / wicakeya. 

soundness, n. Wozani ; wowicake. 

soup, n. Wahanpi ; hanpi. 

sour, n. 1. Skumna ; skuya : sour 
milk; sour apples. 2. Hinyan- 
za; wocinko: a sour temper. 
3. Ohansica ; osnaze. vt. Sku- 
yeya; yusica. vi. Skumna; 
sica. 

source, n. Oenape ; o / ii)kpa : the 
source of tlie river. 

sourish, a. Ki'tanna skumna. 

sour-krout, n. Wahpetanka sku- 
mnayanpi. 

souriy, adv. Skumnayan; iyoki- 
pisniyan. 

sourness, n. Woskumna; wocan- 
ze. 

south, n. O'kaga; itokaga. a. Ito- 
kah. adv. O'kah. 

south-east, a. Wiyohiyanpa itokah. 

southerly, a. Itokah. 

southern, a. Itokaga. 

southerner, n. Itokahwicasta. 

southernmost, a. Itokah ihanke. 

southing, n. Itokah ye. 

southward, adv. Itokah. 

southwest, n. Wiyohiyanpa ito- 
kah. 

souvenir, n. Wokiksuye. 

sovereign, n. 1. Itancan ; wicasta- 
yatapi tan'ka : the sovereign of 
the land. 2. Sagdasin ma'za- 
skazi ; ma'zaska $4.84. a. To- 
kahai) ; iyotan ; ihduha. 



sow, vt. Ozu ; kada ; wozu ; ka- 
dada. n. Kukusewiye : the sow 
had six pigs. 

sower, n. Tu'we wozu. 

sown, pp. of sow. 

space, n. 1. Oyanke ; okan ; oko ; 
ituoooka. 2. (Print.) Oowa, wa- 
nica; oko. 3. (Mus.) Oko. vt. 
Oko ka'ga. 

spacious, a. Tan'ka ; otankaya ; 
okipi. A spacious house, ti pi 
otankaya. 

spade, n. 1. Makinaspe ; ma'za- 
mdaska. 2. Kansukutepi oca- 
ze. vt. Makinaspe on oka ; oka. 

spadeful, n. Makinaspe ozudan. 

spade-handle, n. Makinaspe ihupa. 

spake, imp. of speak. 

span, n. 1. Napapasdecapi : a span 
long. 2. Oiyute ci'stinna: life 
is but a span. 3. O'hiyohiye : a 
bridge of tioo span. 4. Akica- 
ska : a span of hwses. vt. 1. 
Napapasdecapi on wiyuta. 2. 
O'pta ya jiyute. 

spangle, vt. Yuhdeska ; kahdeska. 

Spaniard, n. pr. Spaniyowicasa. 

spaniel, n. Sun'kanakpatanka. 

Spanish, a. Spaniyotawa. 

spank, vt. Napemdaska apa. 

spanking, n. Napemdaskaapapi. 

span-new, a. Te'ca ; nakaha te'ca. 

spar, n. Wa'taipamnatanka. 

spare, vt. 1. Kpagan ; iyakicuhna- 
ka : I have none to spare. 2. 
Kpatan ; itonpeya kuwa : he 
did not spare his hoi'se. 3. 
E'hdaku ; niyan ; kpatan : spare 
us, good Lord. vi. Wakpatan ; 
kpatanyan ni; kpatan yan econ ;' 
wawitonpe. a. 1. Iyakicu : a 
spare horse, sun'kawakan iya- 
kicu. 2. Iyohisni; kpatanyan 
yuha. 3. Tamaheca ; ce'pesni : 
a spare looking boy. 

spare-rib, n. Cutuhu bazapapi. 

sparing, a. 1. Wakpatan ; wate- 
hinda : sparing of her flour. 2. 



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sparingly 218 

To'nana; kpataqyaneconpi : a 
sparing supply. 

sparingly, adv. Kpatauyan ; itoij- 
peya. 

spark, n. Pesniia; ta'ku wiya- 
kpa. 

sparking, «. Wiokiyapi. 

sparkle, vi. Wiyakpa; kpa'kpa; 
pihpi&a. ft. Wowiyakpa. 

sparkling, pa. Wiyakpakpa; pih- 
piga : sparkling eyes. 

sparrow, w. Zitkadan ; wa'kasan- 
sai). 

sparse, a. To'nana ; enana. 

spasm, a. Kan'natipapi ; ocisti- 
yedan. 

spasmodic, a. Natiptipapi; ina- 
hniececapi. 

spat, imp. of spit. 

spatter, vt. Akastastaka; amni- 
mni : spatter your dress. 

spavin, w. Huhu anoge. 

spawn, ft. Hogaijitka. vt. Hogai) 
itka okada. 

speak, vt. E'ya ; oyaka ; yaotaijiij ; 
ia. — To speak to, eciya. — Do 
you speak Sioux, Dakota iyaa 
he. vi. Ia ; woyaka ; wohdaka. 
Speak for, ekiciya; ki'ciia. — 
Speak in public, wicota en wo- 
hdaka. — Speak, Lord, ia wo, 
Itaucan. — Speak of, cazeyata. 

speakable, a. Eyepica. 

speaker, w. Iekiyapi; tu'we wo- 
hdaka ; omniciye itancan. 

speaking, w. Iapi ; wohdakapi. 

spear, w. 1. Wahukeza. A rat- 
spear, huhaka. 2. Ape : a spear 
of grass, vt. Capa; wahukeza 
oi) capa. 

spear-grass, ft. Mi'capeca ; wi'ca- 
peca. 

spear-man, n. Wahukeza yuha. 

special, a. I'yatayedau ; heceedaq 
ka'pi ; iyotan ; to'keca. 

specialist, ft. Heceedaq kuwa. 

speciality, ft. Wicohan wicita- 



speedy 



specially, adv. Iyotanyai) ; ta'ku 

wanzi oi). 
specialty, n. Iyotaq kuwa. 
specie, ft. Ma'zaska ma'za. 
species, ft. Ocaze ; obe ; ospaye. 
specific, a. I'atayedarj ; ta'wa ; 

wi'yokihi. 
specifically, adv. I'atayedarj ; a'wi- 

cakekarj. 
specification, n. Wacazeyatapi. 
specify, vt. I'atayedan cazeyata. 
specimen, ft. Oijspa etauhan. 
specious, a. Wicaka se'ca. 
speciously, adv. Wicakeya. 
specionsness, n. Wowicake se'ca. 
speck, ft. Onspa ci'stinna ; ta'ku 

ci'stin'na. vt. Yusapsapa. 
speckle, vt. Yuhdehdega ; hdeaka 

ka'ga. 
speckled, pa. Hdehdega; hdedka- 

ska. 
spectacle, n. Wowanyake. 
spectacles, ft. Ma'zaidta ; istamaza. 
spectator, w. Wawaqyaguq. 
specter, ». Wanagi ; nagi. 
speculate, vi. 1. Awaciu ; iyu- 

kcan : speculate on his conduct. 

2. Wakamna kta opeton : spec- 
ulate on wheat. 
speculation, w. Wi'yukcai) wope- 

toqpi. 
speculative, a. Wi'yukcai) ka. 
speculatively, adv. Wi'yukcaijyai). 
speculator, w. Wi'yukcai] wope- 

ton ; wi'yukcai). 
speculum, n. Ihdiyomdasin. 
sped, imp. of speed. 
speech, ft. 1. Iapi : the gift of 

speech. 2. Owohdake : he made 

a speech. 
speechless, a. Iapi okihisni. 
speech-maker, n. Wohdakes'a. 
speed, vi. Dus ya; to'ken okihi 

ecoi). vt. Dus yekiya. ft. Wo- 

duzahai) ; woohanko. 
speedily, adv. Ohankoya ; inahni- 

yan ; kohauna. 
speedy, a. Ohanko; du'zahaij. 



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spell 219 

spell, vt. Oowa e'ya ; oowa caze- 
yata. ft. Woecon ; itogto econ- 
pi ; wohmunga. vt. Kici itogto 
econ ; o'kiya. 

spell-bound, a. ftmun/gapi. 

speller, n. 1. Oowa cazeyata. 2. 
Oowa wowapi. 

spelling, n. Oowa e'hnakapi. 

spelt, imp. of spell. 

spend, vt. 1. Iyopeya;ku: spend 
money for an education. 2. Yu- 
sota ; yutakunisni : spent all his 
father's money. 3. Un ; en yan- 
ka : spend the day with us. — 
I come to spend the night, awang 
wahi. — A spent ball, ma'zasu 
sniyan ya. — Spend on, ayusota. 
vi. Wayusota ; tanii) sni iyaya. 

spender, ft. Tu'we wayusota. 

spendthrift, ft. Wahdusotes'a ; wa- 
kpatansni. 

spent, imp. of spend. 

sperm-oil, n. Hoganihdi petizan- 
zanyapi. 

spew, vt. Hde'pa ; hiyuya. 

spewer, w. Tu'we hde'pa. 

sphere, n. 1. Ta'pase ; ta'ku mi- 
ma : the earth is a sphere. 2. 
Oun ; ouijye ; obe : out of his 
sphere. 

spherical, a. Mibe ; hmiyanna. 

spice, w. Ta'kuicahiyutapi. 

spicy, a. 1. Ta'kuicahi o'ta. 2. 
Pe'stosto ; ksamyahan : he made 
a spicy talk. 

spider, n. Unktomi. 

spider-web, n. Unktomi tahokata. 

spied, imp. of spy. Wanyaka. 

spigot, n. Iostan. 

spike, n. Ma'zaiokatai) tan'ka; 
ma'za pe'sto. vt. Okatai) ; ma'- 
zakantanka no'ge aokatan. 

spiky, a. Pespesto. 

spill, vt. 1. Papson : spill water. 
2. Eada ; kakada : spill corn. 

spin, vt. 1. Pahmun ; kahmui) : 
spin wool. 2. Pahomni ; kaho- 
mni : spin a top. 3. Yutehan ; 



spiritual 

ayucikayedan : spin out the day. 

— Spin a story, wakakai). vi. 

Wapahmui) ; homnimni. 
spinal, ft. Cankahu. — Spinal col- 
umn, cankahu a'taya. — Spihal 

marrow, cankasunta ; T. can- 

kaslute. 
spindle, n. Ma'zaiyuhmui). 
spindle-legs, a. Hucistinnahanska. 
spine, ft. 1. Cankahu ; canhaha- 

ke : his spine is diseased. 2. 

Hoape ; canpepe. 
spinner, n. Tu'we wapahmui) ; 

unktomi. 
spinning-wheel, n. Canhdeskaipa- 

hmun. 
spinster, w. Win'yai) .wapahmui). 
spiny, a. Pespesto ; tehika. 
spiral, a. Homni ka'gapi ; ma'za- 

icuse ; yuhbezapi ; oiyadi. 
spirally, adv. Hbesyedan ; homni- 

yan ; homniyai) oiyadi. 
spire, n. 1. Ti'piipasotka ; in'kpa. 

2. Pezi hucai) ; ape. 
spirit, w. 1. Woniya ; nagi ; oniya ; 

wicaniya ; wicanagi. 2. Wo- 

mdiheca : full of spirit. 3. Caij- 

te ; tawacin : in good spirit*. 

4. Mini woniya ; miniwakan : he 

drinks too much spirits. 5. Iapi 

cante; co; to'ken ka'pi; can- 

teoyuze : his talk showed a bad 

spirit, vt. Nahman e'yaya : he 

spirited the child away. 
spirited, a. 1. Mdiheca ; ske'he : 

a spirited horse. 2. Tawacin ; 

cante : low spirited. 
spiritedly, adv. Mdihenya. 
spiritedness, ft. Womdiheca. 
spirit-lamp, n. Miniwakai) peti- 

zanzan. 
spiritless, a. 1. Tawacin. wanica ; 

hun'kesni. 2. Ku'za ; ^ase. 
spirit-rapper, w. Wapiya ; wakaq- 

kanskan. 
spiritual, a. 1. Taijtonsni ; cehpi 

wanica : a spiritual substance. 

2. Wakan ; woniya. 



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spiritualism 220 

spiritualism, w. Wakanicidapi. 
spiritualist, n. Wakaijicidapi 

o'pa. 
spirituality, t*. Wowaciijye ; woo- 

hoda. 
spiritualize, vt Yuwakan. ; ohoda- 

kiya ; taqtoijsnikiya. 
spiritually, adv. Wakaijyai) ; taij- 

tonaniyan ; ohodaya. 
spirituous, a. 1. Tantoijsni ; wo- 

niya. 2. Miniwakaipcahi. 
spit, vi. Tagosa. $2>it on, atagosa. 

vt. Itagosa : spit blood, n. Cai)- 

wipasnoi). 
soft-box, n. Ohna atagosapi. 
tpite f n. Wowantedasni ; wocaij- 

ze. In spite of, to'ketu ceyas. 

vt. Canzeya; wahtedasni; si- 

oaya kuwa. 
spiteful, a. Wahtesni ; ociqsica. 
spitefully, adv. Sicaya. 
spitefuloess, w. Wo wahtedasni. 
spitter, n. Atagosas'a. 
spittle, n. Tage ; imnitagosa. 
spittoon, n. Ohna tagosapi. 
splash, vt. Miniapapsonpsoij. vi. 

Mininagaga ; minibosdi. 
splasher, n. Wanagaga. 
spleen, n. Pisnize ; wocanze. 
splendid, a. Wastehinca; wowi- 

nihan. 
splendidly, adv. Ni'na tan/yai). 
splendidness, w. Wowinihan. 
splendor, n. Wowiyakpa; wowi- 

tan. 
splice, vt. I'ciyakaska ; i'cikoyag- 

ya. n. I'ciyakaskapi. 
splint, w. Hu'wegahan caniciya- 

kaskapi. 
splinter, n. Wokasdatedan. vt. 

Kasdeca ; boptuza. 
splintery, a. Wokasdata o'ta. 
split, vt. Kaptuza ; yaptuza ; ka- 
sdeca ; yusdeca. n. Onasdeca ; 

kiihduspapi. pa. Ptuzahan ; 

sdecahai) ; kasdecapi. 
splurge, n. Wohitiyaskai) ; bobdu- 

yaskaij. 



spot 

splutter, n. Nagagaskai). vi. Ohaij- 
ko ia. 

spoil, vt. Yusica ; napistanyan. 
rt. Si'ca a'ya. n. Woyuha zuya 
ahdipi ; womanon ; ta'ku ohi- 
yapi ; wawicakipi. 

spoilable, a. Yusinpica. 

spoiler, n. Wawicakis'a ; wayuai- 
ces'a. 

spoke, imp. of speak. 

spoke, n. Canpahmihma huyu- 
haha. 

spoken, pp. of speak. 

spokesman, Iekiyapi. 

spoliate, vt. Wioaki. 

spoliation, n. Wawicakipi. 

sponge, n. 1. Iyuhepe ; gugecase : 
wipe it with the sponge. 2. Agu- 
yapi cocoya napoge. vt. Pa- 
kin ta; paspaya. vi. Wayuhe- 
pa ; titokai) ce'e wota. 

sponge-cake, n. Aguyapisku'ya gu- 
geca. 

spongy, a. *Gugeca ; wayuhepe. 

sponsor, n. Waekiyapi. 

spontaneous, a. Iyecinkahai). 

spontaneously, adv. Iyecinka. 

spool, n. Hahonta oiyapehe. 

spoon, n. Tukiha ; ma'zatukiha ; 
Y. & T. kinska. 

spoonful, n. Tukiha ohnaka. 

sport, n. Woskat9 ; wicoskate. — 
Make sport of, ihaha. — In sport, 
iha kta on ; eca ecoijpi. vi. 
Ska'ta; wakute. n. Ska'tes'a. 

sporter, n. Wakutes'a ; ska'tes'a. 

sportful, a. Ska'tes'a ; wowiha. 

sportfully, adv. I'hadya. 

sporting, pa. Ska'tapi. 

sportlngiy, adv. I'had. 

sportive, a. Ska'tektehca. 

sportively, adv. Skatekta oi). 

sportsman, n. Wakute wicasta. 

spot, n. 1. On spa ; onspatokeca : 
a black spot. 2. Tukte sa'pa ; 
wosape : without a spot. 3. 
Oyanke ; tuktentu : a building 
spot. 3. Hdeska; hdeskaska. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



spotless 221 

vt. 1. Asamya; samsamya: you 
will spot your dress. 2. Wa'- 
petogton ; samya : spot the 
thief. 

spotless, a. Wosapewanin; wa'- 
kasotesni. 

spotted, pa. Hdeska ; hde'ga. A 
spotted Iwrse, sunghdeska. 

spousal, a. Eiciyuzapi. 

spouse, n. Hiknaku ; tawicu. 

spouseless, a. Taqsnaun. 

spout, n. 1. Mini ohna hiyu ; i : 
the spout of the teakettle. 2. 
Minibosdi. vt. 1. Hiyuya ; bo- 
sdi : the whale is spouting water. 

2. Heyayanka ; iahan. vi. Uya ; 
bosdi. 

sprain, vt. Naguka. 

sprained, pa. 'Gukahan ; naguka. 

sprang, imp. of spring. 

sprawl, vi. Nason8on : sdohan. 

spray, n. 1. Minibozai) ; minipo : 
the spray from the falls. 2. Can- 
inkpa opahte; canwopamna. 
vt. Miniabozan. 

spread, vt. 1. Yumdaya ; kamda- 
ya : spread his icings; spread 
the blanket. 2. Tan/kaya yeya ; 
yeya ; iyayeya : spread its 
branclies ; spread the disease. 

3. Yaotanin ; oyaka : spread the 
news. 4. Akadada ; enana ehpe- 
ya : spread manure. 5. Iun ; 
a'skamya : spread butter. 6. 
Akahpa ; wi'yeya aehnaka : 
spread tJie table, vi. 1. Iyaya; 
tan 'kaya iyaye : disease spreads. 
2. Otanin ; tan'kaya iyaya. w. 
Waakanpe ; wayaotaniqpi : the 
spread of the gospel. — Bed- 
spread, owinzaakahpe. 

spread-eagle, n. Wanmdikamdah 

owapi. a. Waihdatai). 
spree, n. Witkoiciyapi ; skatapi. 
sprig, n. Cai)ii)kpa ; canteca ; ko- 

skadaijka. 
spright, n. Wanagi. 
sprightliness, n. Woohanko. 



sprinkler 



sprightly, a. Ohanko ; wacinksa- 
pa ; mdibeca. 

spring, vi. 1. Ipsica ; kanoiyeiciya : 
spring on the hoise. 2. Nasko- 
pa; naskom iyaye: the board 
sprang. 3. Hinanpa; wankan 
u: the grass springs from the 
ground. — Spring at, iyapsica. 
— Spring forth, psin hiyu. — 
Spring on (or upon), iyahpaya. 
vt. Ipsinkiya; napsinya; iya- 
yeya. — Spring a leak, naohdo- 
ka. — Spring the wheel, canhde- 
aka naohminyai). — Spring a 
trap, mazantakiyapi naonpa. 
n. 1. We'tu ; wato u'ya : next 
spring. 2. Minindoka ; ecamni : 
go to the spring for water. 3. 
Woipsica ; hiyuiciyapi : no 
spring in him. 4. Ma'zainahu- 
huza : the springs of a wagon. 
5. Owahinapa; ka'ga : the 

r'ngs of joy. 
. v -balance, n. Tkeutapi otke- 

han. 
spring-board, n. Canmdaska oi- 

psica. 
springer, n. Ipsices'a; psi'psin 

ya. 
Springfield, S. D., n. prop. Ti'pi- 

zizina. 
springiness, n. 1. Oipsica. 2. Wi- 

wina ; cocona. 
springing, n. Oipsica ; oicage. 
springlet, n. Miniuyena; wakpa- 

na. 
springtime, n. We'tu anpetu. 
spring-wheat, n. Aguyapi we'tu 

ozupi. 
springy, a. Swinswhjzedai) : a 

springy board. 2. Wiwina ; 

spa'ya : springy ground. 
sprinkle, vt. Amnimni ; akastan- 

stai) ; mniakastai) : sprinkle the 

clothes, vi. 1. Hin'han ; iwa* 

etedai) magazu. 2. Sbusbu. 

n. Magazu ; minihinhe. 
sprinkler, n. On. amnimnipi. 



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sprinkling 222 

sprinkling, n. Akastaijpi; cikci- 

stinna; wokitaijyai). 
sprout, vi. Camni uye : the seeds 

are sprouted, n. Camni. 
spruce, n. Wazican (ocaze). a. 

Ayuco : a spruce young lad. 
sprucely, adv. Ayucoya. 
sprung, imp. of spring. 
spry, a. Ohanko ; huhawaste. 
spun, imp. of spin. 
spunk, n. Cankagica ; wocanta- 

hde. 
spunky, a. Canze ; canniyan. 
spur, n. 1. Mazinazipe : he wore 

golden spurs\ 2. Woiyopastake. 

3. Sake ; an'paohotonna mdoka 

sake ; ta'ku pe'sto. 4. Ipa : the 

spur of a mountain, vt. Pazi- 

pa ; i'yopastake. 
spurious, a. Wicakesni ; etanhan- 

sni ; ta'wasni. 
spuriously, adv. Wicakesniyan. 
spuriousness, n. Wowicakesni. 
spurn, vt. Nahaiyeya; aktaAni. 

vi. Waaktasni. 
spurt, vt. Bosdi : spurt water, vi. 

Ni'na iyaya : the horse spurted. 

n. Obosdi ; hiyuiciyapi. 
sputter, vi. 1. Nagaga ; kpa'kpa. 

2. I'mnigaga ia. 
spy, n. Nahman toijweyasipi. vt. 

1. Iwanyaka ; nanmanna iwan- 
yaka : spy out the enemy. 2. 
Wanyaka : I spied him in a 
tree. vi. Iwanyag ui). 

spyglass, n. Maziwanyake. 
squabble, vi. Akinica ; kiciza. n. 

Woakiniea : wokieize. 
squabbler, n. Waakinices'a. 
squad, n. Akicita onge ; wicobe. 
squadron, n. 1, Akicita suijga- 

kanuijpi optaye. 2. Ozuyewata 

optaye. 
squalid, a. PiyapiSni ; sa'pa. 
squall, vi. Ho'taijka ce'ya. w. 1. 

Ce'yapi ho : the baby's squall. 

2. Ibobdu : a snow squall. 
squaller, n. Ho'tanka ce'yes'a. 



squeal 

squally, a. Ibobdus'a. 

squalor, n. Wosape ; wicaonsika. 

squander, vt. Makoskan yutaku- 

nisni ; yusota ; yutakunisni. 
squanderer, n. Wayutakunisni. 
square, n. 1. To'paicagopi ; to'pa- 

omdoton : he drew a square. 2. 

Mazwiyute : a steel square. 3. 

Ho'coka to'pa omdoton : the 

village square. 4. Icihduotapi : 

nine is the square of three. 5. 

Akicita omdoton na'ziqpi. vt. 

1. To'pa omdotoi) ka'ga ; kao- 

mdotoi). 2. Pi ya ka'ga. 3. Fci- 

yuota. 4. Oicazo yustai) ; oi- 

cazo wi'taya e'hnaka. vi. Kici 

akidecece ; kipi ; owotarjna ur) ; 

kipi. a. 1. To'pa omdotoi) ; 

anokataijhai) iakidecece : a 

square timber. 2. Owotarjna ; 

itancan. : a right angle. 3. 

Omdotoi) : square shouldei's. 4. 

Iyecetu ; owotaqna : a square 

trader. 5. I'tkonsya yustaijpi ; 

i'tkonzedai) : his accounts were 

square. 6. Tan/ka; okipi:.a 

square meal. 
squarely, adv. Owotanna. 
squareness, n. Woowotanna. 
squash, n. 1. Wamnu: Y. wa- 

kmu ; T. wagmu. 2. Ta'ku ka- 

suzapi. vt. Kasusuza; owihan- 

keya. 
squashfbug, n. Wamduskazizi. 
squasher, n. Wakasusuza. 
squat, vi. Pustagwaijka ; pustagi- 

yotaijka. a. Pustaka ; pte'ce- 

dai). 
squatter, n. 1. Tu'we pustag yaij- 

kd. 2. Makoce nahai)h ikiciyu- 

tapisni akan i'yotanka. 
squaw, w. Ikcewicastawinyai). 
squeak, vi. Kin/za; pin/za ; oyaka. 

n. Wokinza ; kin/zapi. 
squeaker, n. Kinskinza; oya- 

kes'a. 
squeaky, a. Kinskinza. 
squeal, vi. Hotoi) ; kins'hoton,. 



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squeamish 223 

squeamish, a. Tukte cii) taijiijsni ; 
hitihda. 

squeamishly, adv. Iyokipisniyai). 

squeeze, vt. Tiqsa yu'za ; paski- 
ca ; po'skin yuza. vi. Paskini- 
yaya ; otiijsiyaya. n. Paskica- 
pi ; poskin yu'zapi. 

squeezer, n. Wapaskica. 

squeezing, ft. Wapaskioapi. 

squelch, vt. Pafa ; kasni. 

squib, n. 1. Cafrdi bopopapi. 2. 
Iapi pe'stona. vi. Cahdi na- 
pomya ; pe'stoya ia. 

squint, vi. Istoksiijkiya. a. Ista- 
ksii) ; k&ii). 

squinter, n. Istakshjkiyes'a. 

squint-eyed, a. Istaksii). 

squire, n. Same as Esquire. 

squirm, vi. Ihduksaijksai). 

squirrel, n. Tasnaheca ; zica ; he- 
tkadai) ; pshjca. 

squirt, vt. Bosdi ; minibosdi. n. 
Ibosdi; obosdi. 

squirt-gun, n. Wi'bosdi. 

stab, vt. Capa : stab tlie hog. vi. 
Wacapa. 

stabber, n. Wacapa. 

stability, w. 1. Wosuta; hohopi- 
easni : the stability of our gov- 
ernment. 2. Wowacii)tai)ka. 

stable, w. &ui)ktai)katipi ; wanu- 
yaijpi ti'pi : no stable for my 
horse, vt. Timahen na'ziijkiya. 
a. 1. Suta : a stable foundation. 
2. Cai)tetii)za ; wacii)tai)ka ; ta- 
waciijhaij'ska. 

stableroom, n. Suijktaqka owai)- 
ka. 

stack, n. 1. Pezipaha; paha. 2. 
Ocetitai)ka. Smoke-stack, wa'- 
tapeta ooeti. — Stack of arms, 
ma'zakai) akizupi. vt. Paha- 
kaga : stack hay. 

staff, w. 1. Cai)8agye ; cai) : lean- 
ing on his staff. 2. Sagye ; wo- 
waciqye : the staff of life. 3. 
(Mus.) Ho ikicagopi. 4. Cai)- 
-wakai) : the flag-staff. 5. Oo- 



stake 



Mye : he was one of the general s 
staff. 

stag, n. 1. Tamdoka : I shot a fine 
stag. 2. Tatai)ka taij'ka susu 
ebpeyapi. 

stag-party, n. Wica cee kicicopi. 

stage, ft. 1. Wohdakapi oaoazii). 
2. Woskate waecoqcoijpi. 3. 
Oyaijke ; oanaziij ; oui) : stage 
of disease. 4. Wowapi toksu : 
who drives the stage. 

stage-coach, n. Wowapitoksu a wa- 
key api. 

stage-driver, n. Wowapitokdu ka- 
hapa. 

stage-play, n. Waeooijpi woskate. 

stage-player, n. Wapazo wicasta. 

stager, n. 1. Tu'we te'han -wapa- 
zo. 2. Suijktaijka te'han wowa- 
pitoksu. 

stagger, vi. Kacegcegmani ; aptai)- 
ptai) ; waciijibos'aka : he stag- 
gered under the weight, vt. Ka- 
cegya ; kahuhuza. 

staggeringly, adv. Kacegya. 

stagnant, a. Skaqskaqsni ; minima ; 
si'ca : stagnant water. 

stagnate, vi. Si'ca aya; yuhui)- 
kesni. 

staid, imp. of stay. 

staid, a. Obaqtaqka ; ske'hesni. 

staidness, w. Obaijtaijkapi. 

stain, vt. Kabtai) ; toya ; yusapa : 
stain clothes, n. Wokabtai) ; 
wosape ; samyapi ; dunyapi. 

stainless, a. Sa'pesni ; wa'kasote- 
sni. 

stairs, n. pi. Cai)iyadipi. Dmrn- 
stairs, ti'pi ku'ya. — Upstairs, 
waqkantipi. 

staircase, n. Caijiyadipiokaske. 

stairway, n. Caijiyadipicaijkuye. 

stake, n. 1. Caij'ipasdate ; caij'pa- 
sdatapi : tied to a stake. 2. Wa- 
yekiyapi : held the stake. — A t 
stake, iyowas uij. — Fence-stake, 
eoq'kaskeipasdate. vt. Pasda- 
ta ; cai) kipasdata : stake the 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



stake-holder 224 

beans. 2. (With out) Wasag- 
hde ; wa'petogtoi) : stake out the 
road, 3. Y ekiya ; iyakaska : he 
staked ten dollars. 

stake-holder, n. Wayekiyapi ynha. 

stalactite, n. In/yaijcahoin. 

stale, a. Ehanna ; honwinmna. 

stalk, n. Hu; cai)hu. vi. Ma'ni. 

stall, tt. 1. dun'kawakan onazii). 
A double stall, akicaska onazii). 

2. Wopeton onazii) ; cankuka- 
hda ma'zaehdepi. A butcher's 
stall, tado wi'yopeyapi onazii). 
vt. 1. I'yaninya : he stalled his 
horse. 2. dungonazin en hde. 
vi. I'yanica ; okihisni : his oxen 
stalled. 

stall-fed, n. Wamnaheza icem- 

yapi. 
stallion, n. Sungmdoka. 
stalwart, a. Tancantanka ; ohi- 

tika. 
stamina, n. Wowas'ake. 
stammer, vi. Iekaskiska; ftinhi- 

cahan ia. 
stamp, vt. 1. Naskica ; nahan ; 

nantaka : stamp the ground. 2. 

Natata : stamp the dirt off. 

3. Apuspa. Stamp the date on, 
wiyawapi apuspa. 4. Wicite- 
askamya : stamp your letter. 
5. Ma'zaska ka'ga. 6. A 'skam- 
ya ; ikoyagya : stamp the truth 
on your heart, n. 1. Wonanta- 
ke : a stamp of the foot. 2. Wi- 
citeaskape; i'yaskape. Postage- 
stamp, wowapikicicupi iyaska- 
pe. 3. Wi'puspe ; ma'zaipuspe : 
the stamp is broken. 4. Okage ; 
oye : he has the stamp of a 
drunkard on him. 5. Wi'bopa ; 
wi'paskice. 

stampede, vt. Napeya ; namya : 
the wolf stampeded the horses, 
n. Wonazice ; wonapa. 

stamper, n. Wi'bopan ; wi'puspe. 

stamping-machine, n. On wi'pu- 
spapi ; on wi'bopanpi. 



standard 



stamping-mill, n. On in'yan bo- 
panpi. 

stanch, vt. Anapta ; pnsya : stanch 
the flow of blood, a. Suta; 
tinze ; wicaka ; wacinyepi- 
ea. 

stanchion, n. Ipatan. 

stanchness, n. Wosuta; wacinye- 
pica. 

stand, vi. 1. Na'zin, : stand stiU. 
2. Han ; wanka : some trees 
stood in the field. 3. Ecenhan ; 
sutaya han. Come and stand, 
hinazin. — Go and stand, kina- 
zin. — Stand against, patan na'- 
zii) ; kipazin. — Stand by, kici 
na'zin ; o'kiya. — Stand for, e'e- 
kiya na'zin; nakicizin. — Stand 
his ground, he'cehnana na'zin ; 
napesni. — Stand in hand, iye- 
cetuka. — Stand it, iyowiijyai) ; 
waciijtaijka. — Standoff, i'tehai) 
i'nazin ; wicadasni. — stand one 
off, patan na'zin ; ham'ya. — 
Stand on, akan na'zin ; anazin. 
— Stand out, pazoya un ; oki- 
tanii) ; wakitan. — Stand to, na- 
pesni ; ecen eeon. — Stand up, 
bosdan na'zin ; na'zinhan na'- 
zin. — Stand up for t nakicizin ; 
ieiya. vt. 1. Na'ziijkiya ; e'hde: 
stand the umbrella in the corner. 
2. Ki'cinazin ; kici econ. ; ito- 
kecasni ; en ui) ; iyowiijyai) : 
stood the enemy's fire. — Stand 
it, iyowiqyai). — Stand one's 
ground, napesni. — Stand trial, 
aiapiktaiyowinyan. n. 1. Ona- 
zii) ; oeyohpa. 2. Ta'ku ahna 
na'zinpi ; wowapi aehnakapi ; 
ahna wowapi ka'gapidan. — 
Come to a stand, waanin hina- 
zirjpi. 

standard, n. 1. "Wa'paha ; canwa- 
paha ; wi'yokihedan ; mininuha 
opasdate. The standard-bearer, 
wa'paha yu'za. 2. Oiyute yu- 
staijpi ; wikiyutapi otokahe. 3. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



standing 



225 



station 



Woope hde'pi. a. Wahehantu ; 
otaijin, ; a'taya un'pi. 

standing,^>a. Na'zinhaijnaziij; eca- 
yuhapi ; bosdan hai). — A stand- 
ing army, akicita eca yuhapi. 
— Standing com, wamnaheza 
yuksesni hai). — standing water, 
mini kaduzesni. n. 1. Na'zin- 
pi ; wonazin : standing wearies 
me. 2. Wacirjkiyuzapi ; yawa- 
pi : a man of high standing. 

Standing Rock, n. prop. In'yan, 
bosdata ; T. In/yai) woslata. 

standing-point, n. Onazii) ; woi- 
waijyake. 

stank, imp. of stink. 

stanza, n. Odowan oehde. 

staple, a. Itancan ; iyotan ; o'hiij- 
ni yuhapi ; ni'na icahyapi. n. 
1. Wokage itancarj ; iyotai) ozu- 
pi. 2. Ta'ku etarjharj ka'gapi. 
3. Maziyokatai) surjzoyake : 
staples for wire fence. 

Star, n. 1. Wicarjhpi. Hie morn- 
ing star, arj'pao wicanhpi. 2. 
Wicaijhpikagapi : mark it with 
a star. 3. Iyotan wayupika : 
the star singer, vt. Wicanhpi 
koyagya ; wicanhpikaga. 

starboard, n. Wa'ta etapatanhaq. 

starch, n. Minihuha ipath). vt. 
Ipatiijye. 

starched, pa. Path). 

stare, vt. Opahta kuwa. vi. Isto- 
wanzidan e'tonwai). 

star-fish, n. Wicanhpi hogan. 

star-gazer, n. Wicanhpi wanjaka ; 
makoskan e / toi)wai). 

stark, a. Ecaoa ; a'taya. 

starless, a. Wicanhpi wanica. 

Starlight, n. Wicarjhpi i zarjzarj. 

starlike, a. Wicanhpi iyececa. 

starred, a. Wicahpi koyake. 

starry, a. Wicanhpi o'ta ; wicaij- 
hpi. 

star-spangled, a. Wicarjhpi zu'pi : 
star-spangled banner. 

Start, vi. Iyaya; wanna iyaye; 



napa ; nabaka ; iyopte ; ya. 
Start after, hakam iyaye ; tapa. 
Start to, ekta ya. — Start up, 
bosdan iyeiciya ; nasdog iyaya. 
vt. Iyayeya; yuhica; tokaka'- 
ge ; iyeya ; namya. n. Woiyo- 
pte ; wonasdoka ; hamyapi ; 
woipsica; otokahe. Get the 
start, tokaheya iyaye. 

starting-point, n. Etanhan ya'pi. 

startle, vt. Yusirjyeya ; napeca. 

startling, a. Woyusinyan. 

starvation, n. Wicaakiharj ; wo- 
yute wanica. 

starve, vi. Akiharj ; icakiza. Starve 
to death, akihai) \&. vt. AM- 
harjya ; kakisya ; wokuani. 

starveling, n. Akihantena. 

state, n. 1. Makobaspe : the State 
of Nebraska. 2. Oun ; to'ketu 
kii) : the state of his health. 3. 
Wowitan. wicohai). 4. Oyate; 
oyate omniciye : the laws of the 
State; State policy, vt. Oyaka: 
state the number. 

stated, pa. Oyakapi ; ka'pi; eca- 
yuhapi : a stated amount. — 
Stated meetings, omniciye eca 
yuhapi. 

statedly, adv. Iyehanjan. 

state-house, n. Makobaspe oitarj- 
carj ti'pi. 

stateliness, n. Wowicatanka. 

stately, a. Hin'skotanka ; tan/ka- 
hca ; wowinihai). 

statement, n. Woyake ; oyakapi. 

state^prison, n. Makobaspe; wo- 
kasketipi. 

stateroom, n. 1. Ti'piitancai). 2. 
Istinma ti'pidai). 

statesman, w. Ksapotancai); oyate- 
wi wicakiciyukcai) . 

statesmanlike, a. Itancai) iyececa. 

statesmanship, n. Woitaqcanoin). 

station, n. Oinazirj ; oyanka ; ona- 
zii). Railroad station, hemani 
onazii). vt. Na'zinkiya; yaq- 
kekiya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



station-house 

station-house, n. Oinazin ti'pi. 
stationary, a. Owanzi hai). 
stationer, w. Wowapiska wi'yo- 

peya. 
stationery, n. Wowapikaga icu- 

wa. 
statistical, a. Owicawapi. 
statistics, w. Owicawapi ; owapi. 
statuary, n. Wicagtakagapi. 
statue, n. Wicastakagapi. 
stature, n. Ohanske. 
statute, n. Woope ; oyatetoope. 
statute-book, n. Woope wowapi. 
stave, n. Kokapahmihma cai). vt. 

Kahuga; pahdoka. Stave off, 

paneyata iyeya ; kihnaka. 
Stay, vi. Yaqka; owanziyanka ; 

akipe. Stay away, tokan un. 

vt. 1. Kagiya: stay the proceed- 
ings. 2. Pataijyuza ; yu'za. n. 

1. Ipatai) ; wi'yuze : the stay 

broke. 2. En ounye : he made 

a long stay. 
stead, n. Oyanke : in his stead. 
steadfast, a. Tawacin suta ; yu- 

hohopicasni. 
steadfastly, adv. Wacintankaya ; 

hohoSniyai). 
steadfastness, n. Wowacintanka. 
steadily, adv. Iwastedan ; he'cetu- 

wanzica. 
steadiness, ?i. Pa'tawanzina ; yu- 

snasni. 
steady, a. He'cetuwanzica ; hoho- 

sni; onaijtinza. vt. Owanzi 

yu'za. • 
steak, n. Tadoceguguyapi. 
steal, vt. Manor) ; nanman icu : 

steal apples, vi. 1. Wamanoi) : 

thou shalt not steal. 2. Nahman 

iyaye : he stole away. 
stealing, n. Wamanonpi. 
stealth, n. Wonahbe. 
stealthily, adv. Nahmana. 
stealthy, a. Wamanonse ; nanmai)- 

pi. 
steam, n. Mini po ; opo ; po. vi. 

.Po ; ipiga. vt. .Poya ; apoya ; 



226 



stent 



skemya; ipihya. Steam on&8 
self, ini. 
steamboat, n. Pe'tawata; Y. & T. 

wa'tapeta. 
steam-boiler, n. Minioipihya. 
steam-engine, n. Pe'tawata ma'- 

zaskan. 
steamer, n. Pe'tawata ; wi'tawa- 

tapeta. 
steampipe, n. Minipo ma'zaondo- 

geca. 
steam-plow, n. Minipo maMyu- 

mdm 
steamship, n. Miniwancawata- 

peta. 
steamvessel, n. Minipowata. 
steam-whistle, n. Minipozozo. 
steamy, a. Minipoota. 
steed, n. Sunktanka. 
steel, n. 1. Ma'zasuta: a knife 

made of good steel. 2. Ta'ku 

ma'za on ka'gapi; mi'na. 3. 

Maziyohdi ; iyohdi. Fire steel, 

canka. vt. Ma'zasuta ka'ga; 

yusuta. 
steel-trap, n. Ma'zahtakiyapi ; ma- 

zihmunke. 
steep, a. Maya ; i'tanwanhde ; 

a pamahde ; otehika. n. Maya; 

heunnaptan. vt. fipaqyan ; 

mini ohna hde. 
steeple, n. Ipasotka ; in'kpa. 
steepness, n. Maya ; wobosdata. 
steer, n. Tatankadan ; tatanka- 

susuwanica. vt. Iyupseyuza ; 

ynhomni. vi. Hiyu. 
steering-wheel, n. Wa'taiyuhomni. 
steersman, n. Wasiijteyuza. 
stem, n. Hucan ; hu; sun'ta ; pa. 

Pipe-stem : canduhupasuijta. 

vt. Itkom ya. 
stench, n. fiunwinmna ; sicamna. 
stencil, n. Oowa kaosmagkagapi. 
stenographer, n. Wowapi ohanko 

ka'ga. 
stenography, n. Wowapi ohanko- 

kagapi. 
stent, n. Tonanyan ynstan kta 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



stentorian 227 

stentorian, n. Ho'tanka ; hin'sko- 
tanka. 

step, vi. Caehde ; ma'ni. Step 
around, o'ksan ma'ni. — Step 
aside, icunom na'zh). — Step 
back, he'kta na'zin. — Step forth, 
cokam inazin. — Step in, en ina- 
zin. — Step over, acaksii). n. 1. 
Caehdepi; cahdepi. 2. Siiya- 
he; cahdepi: the second step. 
3. (Mm.) Hooiyadi. A false 
step, eciijsni caehdepi. — Door- 
step, tiyopa siehde. — Foot-steps 
in the snow, wa kin en sihaoa- 
ehde — Known by his step, ca- 
ehde on iyekiyapi. — Only a step, 
cahdepi wanzina. — Step by step, 
cahdepi hanhi. 

step-brother, n. Cinyeku tawagai). 

step-child, n. Tawagaijyai) cinca. 

step-father, n. Atkuku tawagai). 

step-mother, n. Hunku tawagai). 

steepe, n. Tin/ta. 

stepping-stone, n. In/yai) siehdepi. 

step-sister, n. Tawinohtin tawa- 
gai) • 

step-son, n. Ciijhintku tawagai). 

sterile, a. 1. Waicagesni : a ster- 
ile field. 2. Cinca wanica : a 
sterile cow. 3. Iapi co wanica ; 
wowiyukcan ni'ca : a sterile 
writer. 

sterility, n. Woicagesni. 

sterling, a. 1. Wastehinca ; e'ce- 
dan : a sterling writer. 2. Sa- 
gdasii) tamazaska. 

stern, a. Keza ; ksizeca ; hinyaij- 
zeca : a stern teacher, n. Wa- 
hektapa. 

sternly, adv. Ksizeya. 

sternmost, a. Unzeta ; ehake. 

sternness, n. Ksizecapi. 

sternum, n. Makuhu. 

stew, vt. Ohai) ; ipihya. vi. Ipiga. 
n. 1. Ohanpi : a beef stew. 2. 
Mde'zecesni : he was in a stew. 

steward, n. Wa'wanyake ; woyute 
awanyake. 



still 



stick, n. 1. Can. ; canksa : he hit 
me with a stick. 2. Ohna ma'- 
zaahdihpeyapi. vt. 1. Capa: 
stick a hog. 2. Icam e'hde ; pa- 
sdata ; pahdi : stick it in the 
ground. 3. A'skamya : stick the 
stamp on the letter. 4. I'yanin- 
ya. vi. 1. A'skapa; o'tkapa; 
o'ha : the mud sticks. 2. Icam 
nan ; pahdi : it stuck fast. 3. 
I'yanica ; okihisni : his team 
stuck in the creek. — Stick by, en 
iyaskapa ; tokan ye fori. — Stick 
out, pazoya wanka; tan in. — 
Stick to, stick at, ayustaqsm 
kuwa. 

sticker, n. Wi'yaskape ; woiyaon- 
pe. 

stickiness, n. Woiyaskape. 

sticking-plaster, n. Wi'yaskape; 
pezuta a'skamyapi. 

stickle, vi. To'ketutaninsni. 

stickler, n. Wakitanka ; waakini- 
ces'a. 

sticky, a. Da'pa ; o'tkapa. 

stiff, a. 1. Path) ; snta ; tasaka : 
the clothes were frozen stiff. 2. 
Was'aka : a stiff freeze. 3. Su- 
ta ; da'pa : stiff glue. 4. Ke'za ; 
ksizeca ; botiq : a stiff woman. 

stiffen, vt. Patiijya ; tasagya. vi. 
Path) a'ya ; sa'ka ; da'pa. 

stiffening, n. On patiijyanpi. 

stiff-necked, n. Tahusuta ; wana- 
honsni. 

stiffness, n. Wosuta ; wokeza. 

stifle, vt. Yuniyasni; yusni. n, 
Cecuntostai). 

stigma, n. Wosapa ; woiyaoijpa. 

stigmatize, vt. .Guy a; iyaoijpa; 
yasica. 

stile, n. Coijkaske oiyadi. 

stiletto, n. Ox) wacapapi; wi'cape. 

still, vt. Yuinina ; ynasni ; yu- 
amdakedan. a. 1. Inina un : 
a still boy. 2. Inina: be still. 
3. Owanzi : stand still. 4. 
Amdakedan. : a still evening. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



still-born 228 

adv. 1. Nahanhin : he is still 

here. 2. He'casta : still I shall 

go. 3. Nakui) : still greater. 

n. Miniwakai) okage. 
StUl-born f a. Sniyan ton 'pi ; itko- 

tpa. 
stillness, n. Woamdakedan. 
stilt, n. Can'hanska huyapi. 
stilted, a. Ihduwankantuya. 
stimulant, a. Wawiyopastake. n. 

Woiyopa&take ; miniwakai). 
stimulate, vt. I'yopastake. 
stimulation, n. Wawiyopastake. 
stimulus, n. Woiyopastake ; wo- 

iyutanye ; miniwakai). 
sting, n. Wi'cape ; woyantake. 

vt. Yantaka ; capa ; yasipa : a 

bee stung me. 
stinger, n. Wayazipes'a; waya- 

zipe. 
stingily, adv. Watehindaya. 
stinginess, n. Ohansunkecapi. 
stinging, a. Wayazipe. 
stingless, a. Wi'capenica. 
stingy, a. Wateninda; ohansica. 
stink, a. Sicamna; nwin'mna. n. 

Womnasica. 
stint, vt. Ihukui) ku ; a'okpaniya ; 

iyawahca econkiya. 
stipend, n. Wokazuzu ; isi. 
stipulate, vi. Eici ynstan. 
stipulation, n. I tokam yustanpi. 
stir, vt. Yuskanskai) ; icahiya ; 

ka'ga. Stir the mush, wozapi 

icahiya. — Stir him up to do it, 

econkta i'yopaStaka. — Stir up 

the mind, tawacin, yuhica. vi. 

Skanskan; iyopte. — Stir one's 

self, ihduskaijskan. n. Woskan- 

skai) ; owodutaton. 
stirring, pa. Skanskanui) ; mdi- 

heca. 
stirrup, n. Siinatan. 
stitch, vt. Pasisa; kagege. n. 1. 

Ipasisa; icape : long stitches. 

2. Icamyazai) : a stitch in my 

side. 
stitcher, n. Wakagege. 



stitching, n. Okagege ; wakagege. 

stock, n. 1. Hucai) ; tancan : a 
stock without leaves. 2. Hutkarj : 
of the stock of Abraham. 3. 
Okpahi ; ahdihe : a large stock 
of goods. 4. Ta'wayekiyapi wo- 
wapi : railroad stock. 5. Woyu- 
ha joptaye : a big stock of cattle. 
6. Huha okaske : put him in the 
stocks. — Live-stock, wanuyanpi. 
vt. Ohnaka ; mnayai) ; hde. a. 
Kihnakapi ; ecayuhapi. 

stockade, n. Canpasdapiconkaske. 

stocking, n. Iyahdehunska. n. Y. 
Huyakon. 

stocky, a. Hucantaijka. 

Stoic, n. Canteen za. 

stoical, a. Cante^inza. 

stoicism, n. Cante^inzapi. 

stole, imp. of steal. 

stolen, pp. of STEAL. 

stolid, a. Waawaciijsni ; wacinta- 
take. 

stolidity, n. Wowaciijtonsni ; wo- 
witkokoka. 

stomach, n. Tezi ; nige. 

stone, n. 1. In'yan : a round stone. 
2. Su: a plum stone, a. In'yan: 
a stone ax. vt. 1. In'yai) on 
kinii) : stone the birds. 2. In'- 
yai) zu : stone a well. 

stone-coal, n. In'yaijcandi. 

stone-cutter, n. In/yankakai). 

stone-cutting, n. ftj'yaijkakaijpi. 

stone-hammer, n. In'yanwiyape. 

stone-hearted, a. Canteinyan ; wa- 
onsidasni. 

stone-mason, n. In'yankaga. 

stone's-cast, a. In/yanokah'o. 

stone's-throw, n. I^'yanokan'o. 

stonewall, n. In/yaijcoijkaske; in'- 
yai) tiobosdate. 

stoneware, n. Makawaksica suta. 

stone-work, n. In'yankagapi. 

stony, n. Iij'yai) o'ta ; in/yan. se'- 
ca ; in/yai) iyeoeoa. 

stood, imp. of stand. 

stool, n. Can'akanyankapimibe- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



stoop 229 

dan ; acesdipi. Stool of a 
window, o'zanzanhdepi sicu. 
». Akta uya. 

stoop, vi. Patuza ; patus inazii) ; 
ihduhukuya ; ta'ku6niiciya. n. 
Wopatuza ; tiyopaawakeyapi. 

stop, vt. 1. Na'zinkiya : stop the 
man. 2. Anapta; kagiya: stop 
the flow of water. 3. Ayustai)- 
kiya : he stopped the workmen, 
vi. 1. AyuStai) ; inazii) : Jie 
workmen stopped; the clock 
stopped. 2. Wan'ka ; yanka : 
the traveller stopped here. n. 1. 
Inazinpi ; wonazin : the train 
made a long stop. 2. Woanapte ; 
wokagi : put a stop to it. 3. Oe- 
hnakedai) : mark tlw stops. 

stoppage, n. Waanaptapi. 

stopper, n. Iostan ; woanapte. 

stopping, n. Owanziui). 

stopple, n. Iostan. 

storage, n. Wakihnakapi. 

store, n. 1. Mazopiye : buy it at 
the store. 2. Owomnaye ; wa- 
kihnakapi : stores of food. 3. 
Ma'za ; woyuha : military stores. 
— In store, wi'yeya uij. — Set 
store by, tehinda. — Store-room, 
wakihnaka ti'pi. vt. 1. Kihna- 
ka : he stored his goods. 2. En 
ohnaka ; ozudaijya : stoi-e the 
mind with knowledge. 

store-house, n. Wakihnaka ti'pi. 

store-keeper, n. Mazopiyeyuha. 

store-pay, n. Ma'za on kazuzupi. 

store-room, n. Ohna wakihnakapi. 

storied, pa. Wi'ciwankam ka'ga- 
pi. A four-storied house. 

stork, n. Hok'a (ocaze). 

storm, n. 1. Ibomdu; icamna: a 
cold storm. 2. Wonatan : taken 
by storm, vt. Natai) ; en ihe- 
iciya. vi. Nat an tan ; wohitiya 
skai) ; kihansica ; ibobdu ; ica- 
mna. 

storminess, n. Woibobdu. 

stormy, a. 1. Kihaijsica: a stormy 



strainer 



day. 2. Kihansices'a : a stormy 
country. 3. Wohitika; wohi- 
tiya skanpi : a stormy meeting. 

story, n. 1. Woyake; hitunkakan- 
pi : he wrote a story. 2. Woi- 
tonsni ; wowicakesni : the boy 
told a story. 3. Ti'pi owanka : 
in the upper story. 

story-book, n. Woyakapi wowapi ; 
kakanpi wowapi. 

story-teller, n. Wakakans'a. 

stoat, a. Tan'ka ; was'aka. 

stoutly, adv. Was'agya ; ni'na. 

stove, n. Ma'zaoceti. Cooking- 
stove, owaspaqye. 

stove, imp. of stave. 

stow, vt. Ohnaka; e'hnaka; ki- 
hnaka. 

straddle, vt. Akamdaza. vi. Ka- 
mdas inazii). 

straggle, vi. Nu'ni ; omdecahan ; 
icunom ya. 

straggler, n. Wi'cisni iyaye. 

straight, a. Owotanna. adv. Wan '- 
cahna ; katinyan . 

straighten, vt. 1. Yuowotanna; 
owotanna ka'ga. 2. Yukakiza ; 
yuwahpanica. 

straightened, pa. Wakakizyapi; 
wahpanica ; yuowotannapi. 

straightforward, a. Owotanna; 
ohan owotanna ; katiijyanskan. 

straightly, adv. Katinyan; wan- 
cahnana. 

strain, vt. 1. Yutinza; t^sya 
ecoq : strain the rope. 2. To'- 
ken okihi econ ; yu^ins skai) : 
strain every nerve. 3. Yuguka ; 
nagnka; pas'aka : strain his 
ankle. 4. Yus'agya : strain 
every nerve. 5. Puskepa : strain 
milk. vi. Aiciciya; s'agiciya. 
n. 1. Wos'aka; s'agiciyapi; ai- 
ciciyapi ; wotfnze : the strain 
was very great. 2. Odowan iyo- 
kise ; o'spe ; ho : some delight- 
ful strains. 

strainer, w. 1. Ipuskepa : a milk 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



strait 



230 



stretcher 



strainer. 2. Woyutinze ; waka- 

s'aka. 
strait, a. Otinza ; ci'stiijna : a 

strait gate. n. 1. O'kiyute ; 

mniokiyute : straits of Gibral- 
tar. 2. Wotehi : in great straits. 
straitened, pa. Otehika. 
straltly, adv. Yaftnsya; a'wica- 

keya. 
straltness, n. Wotinze ; wotehi. 
strand, n. 1. O'huta ; huta : on 

the ocean 9 8 strand. 2. Kisorjpi. 

vi. A'zi ; anica. 
strange, a. To'keca ; to'ketutaij- 

iqsni. 
strangely, adv. Togye; otogye; 

wowinihaijyai). 
strangeness, n. To'keca ; okahni- 

hpicasni. 
stranger, n. Wicastatokeca ; wa- 

sdonyesni. 
strangle, vt. Yuniyasni ; yu^a. vi. 

Katka : the babe strangled. 
strangulation, n. Niyasni. 
strap, n. 1. Wi'kaijmdaska ; wi'- 

kai) ; tehmiso : a trunk strap. 

2. Iyohdi : a razor strap. 3. 

Mdaskana : strap-iron. vt. 1. 

Yuskita ; aokatai) : strap the 

trunk. 2. Iyohdiya : strap the 

razor. 
strapper, n. Hiij'skotanka. 
strapping, a. Tan'ka; otawatesi- 

ca. n. Wi'pahte. 
strata, n. pi. of stratum. 
stratagem, n. Ozuye wohnaye. 
strategy, n. Wohnaye. 
stratify, vt. Mdaskaicaga. 
stratum, n. Womdaska. 
straw, n. Aguyapihu ; hu. A man 

of straw, wicasta ta'kusni. — 

One straw, sukaza wanzidai). 
strawberry, n. Wazusteca. 
straw-color, n. Zi. 
straw-cutter, n. Aguyapi-icakpai). 
stray, vi. Nu'ni ; yuksaijksan ya. 

a. Nu'ni ; to'keca. 
streak, n. Icagopi; kagopise. A 



streak of lightning, wakaqhdi 
caijkuye. vt. Yuhdega. 

streaked, pa. Hdehdeze; hdehde- 
ga. 

stream, w. 1. Wakpa. 2. Minika- 
duza : the Gulf Stream. 3. Wo- 
kaduza; kadushiyu: a stream 
of blood. 4. Iyozarjzai) : a stream 
of light. 5. O'hiijni hiyaye : the 
stream of trade, vi. 1. Kadu- 
za ; kadus hiyu ; wakaduze : the 
water streams. 2. Kahboke : 
streaming in the wind. vt. Ka- 
dusya ; kahbogya ; hdehhdehya 
icago. 

streamer, n. Minihuha kahboka ; 
wi'yokihedai). 

streamlet, n. Wakpadan. 

street, n. Otoijwe caijku. 

strength, n. 1. Wowas'ake ; wosu- 
ta : strength of body. 

strengthen, vt. Was'agya. vi. Wa- 
s'akaaya. 

strenuous, a. Wakitai) ; wohitika. 

strenuously, adv. Kitaijyai) ; wa- 
s'agya. 

stress, n. Wopatai) ; woiyopasta- 
ka. Lay stress on, wotaijka ya- 
wa. — Stress of voice, ho tfins- 
yapi. 

stretch, vt. 1. Yutitai) ; yutinza : 
stretch a rope. 2. Yuzica; yu- 
zigzica : stretch a skin. 3. Na- 
sox)80i) : stretch his legs. 4. 
Akaga : stretch the truth, vi. 
1. Samya; samyeya; yeya ; 
zigzica : the lake stretclies ; the 
cloth stretches. 2. Aiciciya ; 
ihduzica; du'zahai). n. Woyu- 
titai) ; woyuzica ; womdaye ; 
woecon. ; aiciciyapi. 

stretched, a. Yutitaijpi ; ynzicapi. 
With stretched arms, akaga- 
tkiya. 

stretcher, n. 1. Caqwicihupa ; cai)'- 
akiyuhapi : they carried him on 
a stretcher. 2. Caijiciyakaska ; 
wipatan. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



strew 



231 



strive 



strew, vt. Kadaefrpeya; kadada. 

strewing, n. Wakadadapi. 

stricken, pa. 1. Apapi. The stricken 
dog, sun/ka apapi. 2. Caijtiya- 
pa ; caqtiyanpaya : stricken with 
love. 3. Kan, ; ehanna. 

strict, a. 1. Ecetunca: strict ob- 
servance. 2. rriijza. 3. Hta- 
mdeza ; tehika : a strict teacher. 

strictly, adv. Ecetunca. 

strictness, n. Woecetu. 

stricture, n. 1 . I en iyeyapi ; wo- 
iyaonpa. 2. (Med.) Natipapi. 

stride, n. Cahdepi ; ca. vi. Cae- 
hde. 

strife, n. Woakinica ; wokicize ; 
wo&kiske. 

strike, vt. 1. Apa. He struck me, 
amapa. 2. Iyapa : the boat 
struck a rock. 3. Oi) iyapa : 
strike the blood on the wall. 4. 
Iyayeya : the tree strikes its 
roots deep. 5. Kun iyeya : struck 
his tent. 6. Awacinya ; iyahpe- 
ya : strike with wonder.— Struck 
off his head, pa kaspa iyeya. — 
Strike of the papers, wowapi 
ahdihpeya. — Strike out, pazu- 
zu; kasni. — Struck up, econ, 
iyeya; ecoi) ; a'ya. vi. 1. Wa- 
apa ; apa : he kept striking. 2. 
Natai) ; kuwa ; iyaya. 3. Iyaya ; 
a'zi : the boat struck. 4. Hiya- 
ya ; iyaya : it struck through. 

5. Ayustaijpi ; wokazuzu iwai)- 
kamda'pi : t lie carpen ters struck. 

6. Ihnuhai) ececa ; hiyaya. He 
struck a run, in/yaijg iyaya. — 
Strike for, eciyotai) ya. — Strike 
in, mahen iyaya. — Strike out, 
iyaya; akan hiyu. n. 1. Wo- 
ape ; oape ; apapi. 2. Woena- 
kiye ; wowaai enakiye. 

striker, n. Woape ; wi / yape. 
striking, pa. Wa'petokeca ; oki- 

taqii). 
strikingly, adv. Okitai)ii)yai). 
string, n. 1. Ikai) ; wikai) ; hahoi)- 



ta ; ipante : tie the string. 2. 
Oyaza ; obohci ; sorj'pi : a string 
of beads. 3. Son/pi : a string of 
corn. 4. Kai) : the string of the 
tongue. 5. 1'ciyaza yeye : what 
a string of people. — A shoe- 
string, haijkpai). vt. Yaza; ka- 
za : to string beads. 2. Son ; 
kisoi) : string corn. 3. Ikantoi) : 
string the bow. 4. Yuftnza : 
string the nerves. 5. Kai) yu- 
&doka : string the beans. 

string-band, n. Can/paMnzapi 
optaye. 

string-beans, n. Omnica ynksao- 
hanpi. 

stringed, a. Ikanton ; kazapi. 

stringency, n. Otehika. 

stringent, a. Sutaya wi'yuza ; te- 
nika. 

stringently, adv. Sutaya ; ecetuya. " 

stringer, n. 1. Ikanwicaton. 2. 
Oai)hax)ska. 

stringless, a. Ikanwanica. 

stringy, a. 1. Ikaijiyececa ; kan 
se'kse ; ikan ecee. 2. Da'pa ; 
tiktica ; suta. 

strip, vi. 1. Yuadoka : strip him 
of clothes. 2. Bagapa; yn'za : 
strip the skin off. 3. Kanu : to 
strip bark. 4. Ki ; kanica : 
stripped of his possessions. 5. 
Ehakedai) yusdi : strip the cow. 
vi. Ihduadoka. n. Ci'stinna 
haq'ska; sbu'na ; mdazapi. 

stripe, n. 1. Oicago ; oicazo owa- 
pi : a red stripe. 2. Okipatapi ; 
wi'pahdate. 3. Oape ; apapi : 
punished with forty stripes. 4. 
Wa'petokeca ; oowa ; obe : of 
the same stripe, vt. Yuhdeze 
ka'ga. 

striped, a. Hde'zedai) ; zuhan. 

stripling, n. Koskana ; koskalaka. 

strippings, n. Ehake yusdipi. 

strive, vi. 1. Akita; ni'nakuwa; 
aiciciya. 2. Akinica; akinin 
kuwa; kici ecoi]. 



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232 



stump 



stride, imp. of stride. 
strike, imp. of strike. 
stroke, *. 1. Oape ; apapi : at one 

stroke. 2. Wamyahde : the stroke 

of death. 3. Ioazo; oicazo; oi- 

oago. 4. Oeooi) : a stroke of 

genius, vt. Kastoste : stroke 

him on the head. 
stroking, n. Wakastopi. 
stroll, vi. Wi'kcekce omani. 
stroller, n. Omanisa. 
strong, a. 1. Watfaka : a strong 

man. 2. Suta . a strong fort. 
stronghold, n. Con'kaske suta. 
strongly, adv. Was'a&ya ; ni'na. 
strop, n. Putinhin icasai) iyohdi. 

vt. Iyohdiya. 
strove, imp. of strive. 
strow, vt. Kadada. 
struck, imp. of strike. 
structure, n. Okage ; ta'ku ka'ga- 

pi ; ti'pi. 
struggle, vi. Ni'na &kan ; econ ; 

kuwa ; nasonson. n. Woecon ; 

kicicuwapi ; woakinica. 
straggler, n. Tu'we econ ; waecon. 
strumpet, n. Witkowin. 
strung, imp. of string. 
strut, vi. Watankaicida ma'ni. 
strychnine, n. Pezutasica ohanko. 
stub, n. Hu'tena. vt. Iboto. 
stubbed, a. Hu'na ; hu'tena. 
stubbiness, n. Hu'tena ; wakando- 

kesni. 
stubble, n. Aguyapi hupaksa. 
stubborn, a. Wanahonsni; tahu 

suta ; okuwasica. 
stubbornly, adv. Wanahonsniyan ; 

ocinsicaya. 
stubbornness, n. Wowananonsni. 
stubby, a. Hu'na. 
stub-end, n. Hu'te. 
.stucco, n. Wi'puspa suta. 
stuck, imp. of stick. 
stuck-up, a. Wahanicida. 
stud, n. 1. Canomdotoi) bosdan- 

han. 2. Taspu yusdoka; ce- 

skikan o'stanpi. 3. Sungmdo- 



ka; sun'kawakan optaye. vt. 
Taspu okatai) ; zu. 

studded, pa. 2u'pi; zu'pise. 

studding, n. Tihuhabosdata. 

student, n. 1. Wayawa; wayawa- 
koska : a student in Santee 
Training School. 2. Woawa- 
cin ; waonspeiciciya : a close 
student. 

studhorse, n. dungmdoka. 

studied, pa. 1. Iwanyakapi ; amde- 
zapi : a well studied lesson. 2. 
Wi'yukcan ; waonspeka : a boy 
well studied in grammar. 

studiedly, adv. E'wacinyan. ; cin. 

studio, n. Wokagetipidan. 

studious, a. Waawacii) ; awacinpi. 

studiously, adv. Awacinyan ; mdi- 
henya. 

studiousness, n. Waawacinpi. 

study, n. 1. Waonspeiciciyapi ; 
waawacinpi : study strengthens 
the mind. 2. Woawacii) ; woon- 
spe : what studies are you tak- 
ing, vt. Awacii) ; onspeiciciya ; 
aieiciya kuwa. vi. Waonspeici- 
oiya; waawacin. 

stuff, n. Ta'ku ; wi'yopuhdi ; wa- 
hpaya; ta'kusni. vt. Opuhdi; 
paotinsiyeya : stuff the ballot- 
box, vi. Akaska. 

stuffing, n. Iyopuhdi. 

stultify, vt. Yusihtin ; yuwitkotko. 

stumble, vi. fiicahan ; nahnayan ; 
wantani; nasna. 2. liinnica- 
han ma'ni. Stumble into, wanu 
iyeya. — Stumble over, iboto ; on 
nicahan. vt. fiicahanya. n. Wo- 
hicahan ; wonasna. 

stumbler, n. fiicahes'a. 

stumbling-block, u. Wonahnaye. 

stumblingly, adv. flinhicaheya. 

stump, n. Canpaksa ; hu'te ; hu. 
tkan. Stump-orator, canpaksa* 
adiwohdaka. — Take the stump, 
iyaza wahokonwicakiya. vt. 1 
Kahuteya : a stumped bush. 2 
Okihisniya ; ktedan : your que* 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



styx, n. Wakaq&icatawakpa. 
suasion, n. Iyutanyaijpi. 
suavity, n. Wi'ciyokipi; woiyo- 

kipi. 
sub-, pre/. Ihukuya ; ku'ya. 
subagent, n. Fyokiheitancai). 



stumpage 233 

Hon stumps me. 3. Iwahokon- 
wicakiya omani. 
stumpage, n. Caijpaksaiyawa ka- 

zuzupi. 
stamper, n. Wakagiya ; wohitika. 
stumpy, a. Canpaksa o'ta; hu'- 

na. 
stun, vt. Tansagteya; kaitekpa- 

za ; yus'inyeya. 
stung, imp. of sting. 
stunk, imp. of stink. 
stunner, n. Wokokipe ; woyufi'in- 

yaye ; wowitonpe. 
stunning, pa. Okokipe ; woyufc'in- 

yaye ; wowitonpe. 
stunt, vt. Yu&ihtin ; yucika. 
stunted, pa. dihtin ; ci'kana. 
stupefaction, n. WokiksuyeSni. 
stupefier, n. Wakiksuyesniya. 
stupefy, vt. K ksuyeaniya ; yuwi- 

tkotko. 
stupendous, AVwitonpe; ni'na 

tan/ka. 
stupid, a. Tawaciijtata ; waciij- 

ksapesni. 
stupidity, n. Wowitkotkoka. 
stupidly, adv. Wacintoijsniyan ; 

witkotkoya. 
stupor, n. Wokiksuyesni. 
sturdy, a. Was'aka ; cantetiijza. 
sturgeon, n. Canhun ; ho'tanka. 
stutter, vt. Un/connicaia. 
stutteringly, adv. Un'conninya. 
sty, n. 1. Kukudetipi. 2. Idtao- 

hdi. 
stygian, a. Wakandicatawa. 
style, n. Okage ; iapiokage ; wi'- 

oazo. vt. Cazeyata. 
stylish, a. Wi'tantai) ; ohanhan. 
stylishly, adv. Wi'tarjtanyai). 
stylishness, n. Wi'tantanpi; wo- 



submit 



subaltern, n. Sam'wasipi. 
subaqueous, a. Miniihukuya. 
subcommittee, n. Committee cinca. 
subcontract, n. Sameconsipi. 
subdivide, vt. AktakiyuSpa. 
subdivision, n. Aktakiyuspapi. 
subdue, vt. 1. Ohiya ; kte'dan : 
subdue a nation. 2. Kaoijspe ; 
yuwaSte : subdue a horse. 3. 
Kapaijpai). 
subject, a. 1. Ihukuya un ; ta'wa- 
ya ui) : subject to his master. 
2. Akipa ce'e ; ececes'a : sub- 
ject to fits. n. 1. Wowidake : 
the subject must obey his king. 
2. Ta'ku ka'pi; ta'ku cazeya- 
tapi ; ta'ku kuwapi. 3. Tu'we 
ui; woawacin. vt. Yuhukun 
iyeya ; wowidagya. 
subjection, n. 1. Yuhukun iyeya- 
pi : the subjection of the rebels^ 
2. Ihukun un 'pi ; ahopopa. 
subject-matter, n. Iapi ka'pi. 
subjoin, vt. Ahankeya ka'gapi. 
subjugate, vt. Ohiya; yuhukun 

iyeya; ktedai). 
subjugation, n. Ohiyapi. 
subjunctive, n. Ikoyake. 
sublet, vt. Iyoopta econkiya. 
sublime, a. Wankantuya ; wowi- 

nihan ; tan'ka ; owa&teka. 
sublimely, adv. Wowinihanyan. 
sublimity, n. Wowinihan. 
sublunar, a. An'pawiihukuya. 
submarine, a. Miniwancakuya. 
submerge, vt. Spa'yeya ; minima- 
hen iyeya ; amnitanya. 
submission, n. Ihukuniyeiciyapi ; 

iyowinyaijpi ; ihakamunpi. 
submissive, a. Iyowinyai) ; waa- 

nagoptan. 
submissively, adv. On'&iya; waa- 

nagoptanyai). 
submissiveness, n. Waanagoptaij- 

pi. 
submit, vt. 1. Ihukuniyeiciya ; ta- 
wacii) ecakicon ; iyowinyan ; 
children submit to your teachers. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



subordinate 234 

2. Wowiyukcai) ku : submit the 
question to the judge. 

subordinate, a. Ihukuya: a sub- 
ordinate officer, n. Ihukuyaui). 
vt. Ihukuya iyeya ; wowidagya. 

subordinately, adv. O'kiheya. 

subordination, n. Oui) ku'ya. 

subpena, n. Wa'kiiapiopesipi. 

subscribe, vt. 1. Caze en owa : 
subscribe tlte contract. 2. Ki- 
cui) ; en owa. vi. Caze en e'ici- 
hnaka ; wicada ; he'cetueya ; 
wowapi yutan; wotaninwowapi 
icu. 

subscriber, n. Icupi ; yuhapi. 

subscription, n. Caze en owapi. 

subsequent, a. Iyohakamtu. 

subsequently, adv. Iyohakam. 

subserve, vt. O'kiya; idakeya. 
vi. Wawidakeya. 

subservient, a. Waokiya. 

subside, vi. Kun'ya ; enakiya ; sni 
a'ya. 

subsidize, vt. Opetoi). 

subsidy, n. Wokazuzu. 

subsist, vi. Ni ; un ; iwas'agui) ; 
wota. vt. Niya ; wonwicaya. 

subsistence, n. Oij'nipi; woynte. 

subsoil, n. Makikceihukuya. vt. 
Makamahentu yuptaijyan. 

substance, n. Ta'kuhca ; ta'ku ; 
woyuha ; co ; ta'ku ka'pi. 

substantial, a. 1. Tai]toi) ; ta'ku- 
hca. 2. A'wicakehan ; wowi- 
cake : a substantial house. 4. 
Oicihi ; watonka : a substantial 
farmer. 

substantially, adv. A'wicakeya ; co 
ektakiya. 

substantiate, vt. Yuwicaka. 

substantive, n. Wocaze. 

substitute, vt. E'ekiya; e'ekiya 
e'hnaka. n. E'ekiyapi. 

substitution, n. E'ekiyapi. 

substratum, n. Ihukuya waijka. 

subterfuge, n. Wohnaye. 

subterraneous, a. Makaihukuya ; 
makamahentu. 



succulent 



subtile, a. 1. Zizipedan ; pe'sto ; 

hna'yan wayupika ; ksa'pa. 2. 

Wicahnayes'a ; wayupika; 

ksa'pa. 
subtleness, n. Wonahbe ; wo- 
hnaye. 
subtlety, n. Wonahbe; wowayu- 

pika. 
sub-tonic, n. Ho'cikadan. 
subtract, vt. Etaijh'anicu. 
subtraction, n. Etanhanicupi. 
subtrahend, n. Icupikte. 
sub-treasury, n. Oyatetamazaska 

a'kamwohnake. 
suburb, n. Otonweahaijke. 
subversion, w. Yuzuzupi ; yutoke- 

capi. 
subversive, a. Wayuzuzu. 
subert, vt. Yutokeca; yuzuzu; 

yusica. 
subverter, n. Wayusice. 
succeed, vt. O'kihan ; ihakam un ; 

o'stai) un ; to'he ohna uij : he 

succeeded his father, vi. Oki- 

hi ; waokihi ; ecen yu£tai) : he 

succeeded in doing it. 
success, n. Waokihipi ; wookihi ; 

woekicetu. 
successful, a. Tan 'van ; wa'pi; 

a'taya ; waokihi. 
successfully, adv. Tan'yan. 
succession, n. O'kicihanpi ; i'ciyo- 

kiheya yeya. In succession, 

o'wecinhai). 
successive, a. I'ciyokiheya. 
successively, adv. Fciyaza; o'we- 

ciijhai). 
successor, n. O'kihe ; tu'we i'yo- 

kihe ecoi). 
succinct, a. Katinyan ; pte'cedan. 
succor, vt. O'kiya; e'hdaku; ni- 

yai). n. O'kiyapi; woehdaku. 
succorer, n. Waehdaku; wani- 

kiya. 
succorless, a. Wanikiya wanica. 
succotash, n. Waskuya omnica 

icahi. 
succulent, a. Wastunka ; mini o'ta. 



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succumb 235 

succumb, vi. Kun'iyaye. 

such, a. He ca ; he'ceca ; ta'ku ; 
he'e. Such a cold day, ta'ku 
aijpetu osni. — Such a day as 
this, aqpetu de'cece. — Such a 
man has come, wicasta he'e ce 
hi. — Such a time as ice had, ta'- 
ku otawatesica unkakipapi. 

suck, vt. Azii] ; yazoka ; yakotoi) ; 
yutitaij. vi. Aziij ; yazoka. n. 
Waaziijpi; woyazoka. 

sucker, n. 1. Waazii) ; wayazoka. 
2. (Icth.) Pahteca; hosiijya- 
seca. 3. Illinois wicasta. 4. 
Akta uya ; hutkaq uya. 

suckle, vt. Aziijkiya. 

suckling, a. Aziijna. 

suction, n. Woyazoka. 

sudden, a. Ihnuhanhi ; ohanko ; 
yukseknagececa. 

suddenly, adv. Ihnuhaijna. 

suddenness, n. Woohanko. 

suds, n. pi. Wi'pazazakarjpi. 

sue, vt. Woope ekta kuwa; ku- 
wa. 

suet, n. Sin. ; paksiijsii). 

suffer, vi. Kakiza; icakiza; si- 
htii) ; taijyansni. Suffer for, 
icakiza. vt. 1. Iyowiijkiya : he 
would not suffer him to do it. 
2. Akipa; ececa: suffer less. 

sufferable, a. Iyowiijyepica. 

sufferance, n. Woiyowiijkiye. 

sufferer, n. Wakakiayapi ; iyotaij- 
iyekiya. 

suffering, n. Wokakize; wakaki- 
zapi ; icakizapi. 

suffice, vi. Wi'pi ; iyehaijyan. ui). 
vt. Wi'piya. Let it suffice, he- 
nana kte. 

sufficiency, n. Iyenakeca ; woozu- 
dai) ; wookihi. 

sufficient, a. 1. Iyenakeca; iyohi; 
henana : sufficient provisions. 
2. O'kihe ; waokihi. 

sufficiently, adv. Iyehaijyan. 

suffix, n. Aehnakapi. vt. Ae- 
huaka. 



sullenness 



suffocate, vt. Yuniyasni ; yusni. 

vi. Niyasnita. 
suffocatingly, adv. Oniyasniya. 
suffocation, n. Niyasni$api ; oni- 

yasni un/pi. 
suffrage, n. Cazeiyohpeyapi. 
suffuse, vt. Spa'yeya. 
sugar, n. Canhaijpi : sugar is 

sweet, vt. Sku'yeya. 
sugar-cane, n. Canhaijpi hu . 
sugar-maple, n. Canhasaij. 
sugar-mill, n. Oai|hax)piiyuskice. 
sugar-orchard, n. Caqhasanozu. 
sugar-plum, n. Canhaijpisasakai]- 

ta. 
sugar-tree, n. Canhaijpican.. 
sugary, a. Skuskuya. 
suggest, vt. Iwanjagsi ; cazeyata ; 

ecoi) waste keciya. 
suggestion, n. Wowiyukcan. ; ciij- 

kiyapi. 
suggestive, a. Oi) wokahnigapi. 
suicidal, a. Iciktekta; ihaqgici- 



yapi. 
uicii 



suicide, n. Iciktepi ; icikte. 

suit, n. Tawanzi : a suit of clothes. 

2. Woaie ; wokuwa ; aiapi : a 

criminal suit 3. Wiokiyapi. 

4. Opahte : a suit of cards. 

vt. 1. Iyokipiya ; canwasteya : 

J tried to suit him. 2. I'ciyo- 

kipi ; ki'ciwaste : black suits his 

complexion. 
suitability, n. Woiyokipi; i'ciyo- 

kipipi. 
suitable, a. Iyecetu; i'ciyokipi; 

iyehantu. 
suitably, adv. Iyecetuya. 
suite, n. Obe ; tawanzi. 
suitor, n. Euwa ; okiya. 
sulk, vi. Pamahen ui) ; ihdoniea. 
sulks, n. pi. Ihdonicapi ; wowica- 

dasni ; tawacinsicapi. 
sulky, a. Wacinhinyanza ; ocinsi- 

ca. n. Canpahmihmahunonpa. 
sullen, a. Cantesinui) ; ocinsica. 
sullenly, a. Iyokipisniyan. 
sullenness, w. Wotawacinsica. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



sullied 

sallied, pa. Yusapapi ; yusieapi. 
sully, vt. Samya ; asamya. 
sulpher, n. Cahdizi. 
sultan, n. Turkey oyate itancarj. 
sultry, a. Ka'ta ; odidita : a sultry 

day. 
sum, n. 1. Yuwitayapi; o'yuwi- 

taya : the sum of five and two is 

seven. 2. Onge ; omnaye : a 

large sum of money. 3. Waya- 

wapi ; oecoij : a sum in division. 

4. O'inkpa ; ihaijke : the sum of 

folly, vt. Yuwitaya; ptenye- 

dai) oyaka. 
sumach, n. Canzi. 
summarily, adv. Katiijyai) ; ohan- 

koya; ptenyedan. 
summary, a. Pte'cedai) ; ohanko. 

n. Ptenyedan oyakapi. 
summer, n. Mdoketu. Indian 

summer, ptanyetu sotuzu. — 

Last summer, mdokehai). — 

Next summer f tokata mdoketu. 

vi. Mdoketu ui). 
summer-fallow, vt. Mdokecokaya 

yumdu. 
summit, n. O'iijkpa; iyotanwan- 

kantu. 
summon, vt. En usi ; kico. 
summons, n. Kicopi ; kicopi wo- 

wapi. 
sumptuous, a. Ma'zaska o'ta ; ni'- 

na waste ; otantoij. 
sumptuously, adv. Otai)toi)yaij. 
sun, n. Aijpetuwi ; aijpawi ; wi. 

vt. Wi en e'hnaka ; amasteya. 
sunbeam, n. Wiiyozanzai). 
sunblind, a. Istosniza. 
sunbonnet, n. Win'yanwapostai) 

bar) 'ska. 
sunburnt, a. Mastispan ; giyenaun. 
Sundance, n. Wi'wanyagwacipi. 
Sunday, n. Aijpetuwakan. 
Sunday-school, n. Anpetuwakan 

waonspeiciciyapi . 
sunder, vt. Yukinukan ; kiyuksa ; 

yukinukai) iyeya. 
sun-dial, n. Wiohanzioiyute. 



236 superhuman 

sun-dog, n. Wipecuza ; wi'aceti. 

sundown, n. Wi'iyaye. 

sundries, n. pi. Ta'kuocaze ; ta'- 

kusnisni. 
sundry, a. O'ta ; ocaze toktokeca. 
sunfish, n. Hoganmdaskana. 
sunflower, n. Wahcazi. 
sung, imp. of sing. 
sunk, imp. of sink. 
sunken, a. Minimahenwanka. 
sunless, a. Wi'iyozanzaijsni. 
sunlight, n. Wi'iyoyaijpa. 
sunny, a. Wi'iyoyaijpa; iyoyan- 

pa ; wiyakpa. 
sunrise, n. Wi'hinapa. 
sunset, n. Wi'iyaye ; wi'iyohpaya. 
sunshade, n. Win'yantawapaha 

mdaska. 
sunshine, n. Wi'iyoyanpa ; o'ma- 

ste. 
sunshiny, n. Wi'iyoyanpa. 
sunstroke, n. Wi'awicaspanpi. 

sunup, n. Wi'hinanpa. 

sunward, adv. Wi'ektakiya. 

sup, vt. Yatkai) ; iyoziya yatkan. 

vi. fitayetu wota. n. Oyatke. 
superabound, vi. Ehaes o'ta. 
superabundance, n. I'yakam o'ta. 
superabundant, a. To'koijpicasni 

o'ta. 
superanuated, a. Waniyetu kapeya 

un ; wicahca; kan. 
superb, a. Ni'na waste; wowini- 

hai). 
superbly, adv. Ni'na tan/yaij ; oki- 

nihanyan. 
supercargo, n. Woyuha awanya- 

ka. 
supercilious, a. Wahanieida ; ihdu- 

wankantuya. 
superexcellent, a. Wankantuyawa- 

ste. 
superficial, a. Akapatanban. 
superfine, a. Iyotanwaste. 
superfluity, n. I'yakam o'ta. 
superfluous, a. f'yakamtu ; ituya 

un. 
superhuman, a. Wicastaiwankam. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



superintend 



237 



sure 



superintend, vt. Awanyaka ; ecoij- 

kiya. 
superintendence, n. Woawaijyake. 
superintendent, n. Wa'waijyake. 
superior, a. Waijkantu ; iwai)kam 

ui) ; iyotai). n. Wat okay a ; itaij- 

cai) ; tokapa. 
superiority, n. Watokapapi. 
superlative, a. Tokapa ; iyotai). 
supernatural, a. Wakai) ; maka 

akantu&ni ; wowapetokeca. 
supersede, vt. E'ekiyaui) ; to'he 

yuha. 
superstition, n. Ituyawakaijdapi. 
superstitious, a. Ta'kusnisniwa- 

kai)da; wakaijkai). 
superstitiously, adv. Wakaijkaij- 

yai). 
superstructure, n. I'akamtu; ti'- 

pi. 
supervene, vi. Idazapataijhai) u. 
supervise, vt. Awaijyaka. 
supervision, n. Woawai)yake. 
supervisor, n. Wa'wanyake ; wa'- 

mdeza. 
supine, a. Ituijkamui) ; kuzi^a. 
supinely, adv. Kuziteya. 
supper, n. fitayetuwotapi. 
supperless, a. Htayetuwotesni. 
supplant, vt. To'heki; yutokaij- 

iyeya. 
supplanter, n. Wawicaki. 
supple, a. Winswirjzedai) ; pai)- 

paijna. 
supplement, n. Ihaijkekagapi. vt. 

E'hakedai) ecoi) ; e'yastan. 
supplementary, a. Ehake. 
suppliant, a. Wadaui) ; on'sika. 
suppliantly, adv. Oi)'siya. 
supplicant, n. Wacekiya. 
supplicate, vt. Ce'kiya. 
supplicatingly, adv. Oij'&iya; ce'- 
kiya. 
supplication, n. Wocekiye. 
supplicator, n. Wacekiya. 
supplicatory, a. Orj'sihai) ; wada. 
supply, vt. 1. Ahikilmaka ; ku : 

he supplies the beef. 2. Iyena 



ku ; ozuya : he supplied the 
deficiency, n. Iyogehnakapi ; 
wakihnakapi ; woyuha ; wo- 
yute. 

support, vt. 1. Patai) yu'za ; yu- 
ha : supports the roof. 2. Ki'- 
camna ; wakicamna ; icahya : 
he supports a large family. 3. 
O'kiya; was'agya; wokazuzu- 
ku : support the government 
n. Ipatarj ; wi'kicihni ; oi) niici- 
yapi. 

supportable, a. Yuspica ; tawa- 
tenyepica. 

supporter, n. Ipataijyuza ; ookiye. 

suppose, vt. 1. Iyacii) ; wi'yacii) : 
suppose this ball was the earth. 
2. Ecii) ; keciij : who do you 
suppose did it. 3. O'kini. 4. 
Oyake ; etaijhaij iyukcan. — 
Man 1 s footprints suppose a man, 
wicowe wicasta oyaka. 5. Ito : 
suppose I go. 

supposition, n. Wowiyukcai). 

suppress, vt. 1. Yuasni : suppress 
tlie rebellion. 2. Tiijs'a yu'za ; 
yuhukun yu'za. *3. Nahuiai) ; 
akahpa : suppress the name. 
2. Anapta: suppress the flow of 
blood. 

suppression, n. Woanapte. 

suppressor, n. Waanapte. 

suppurate, vi. Toij'yai) ; ton au. 

supremacy, n. Woitaijcaij. 

supreme, a. Iyotai) war) kantu ; wa- 
kapa; iyotai). 

supremely, adv. Itaijcaijyai) ; iyo- 
taijyai). 

surcharge, vt. Iyatahde; o'ta ohna- 
ka. 

surcingle, n. Makiyutitan ; ipi- 
yaka. 

sure, a. 1. Tan'yai) sdonya. Are 
you sure he has come, hi tai)'- 
yaij sdonyaya he. 3. Suta ; 
waciijyepica : a sure promi.se. 
— As sure as, iyecen a'wicake- 
hai). — To be sure, a'wicakehai). 



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surely 



238 



suspension 



— Make sure, yuwicaka; yu- 

stanpi. 
surely, adv. A'wicakehan ; a'wi- 

cakeya ; sutaya. 
surety, n. 1. Wowicake : know of 

a surety. 2. On yuwicakapi : 

keep tlie watch as surety. 3. Oki- 

hisni kiqhai) ki'cicazuzukta ; 

kici yutai). 
surf, n. Miniwaijca ta'za. 
surface, n. Akapataijhai). vt. Mda'- 

ya ka'ga. 
surf-boat, n. Ta'zawata. 
surfeit, vt. Wi'piteya. vi. Wi'pfya. 

n. Woteyapi. 
surfeited, pa. Wo^a. 
surge, n. Ta'zatanka. vi. Hiyu. 
surgeon, n. Pezutawicasta. 
surgery, n. Tancanakapatanhai) 

kuwapi. 
surlily, adv. Iyokipisniyai). 
surly, a. Waciijhiijyaijza ; ociij- 

sica. 
surmise, vt. Iyukcai) ; kecii). n. 

Keciijpi. 
surmount, vt. Iwai)kam iyaya; 

ohiya. 
surmountable, a. Adipica ; ohiye- 

pica. 
surmounted, pa. Akahpa ; iwarj- 

kam e'hnaka. 
surname, n. Wicowazi caze ; caze 

i nor) pa. vt. Caze inom ku. 
rtirpass, vt. Kapa ; kape ; kapeya. 
jrpassing, pa. Wakapeya ; iyo- 

tai). 
surpassingly, adv. Iyotaijyai). 
curplice, n. O'kdeska ; sanksanica 

ska. 
surplus, n. Ta'ku iyaye ; iyaye. 
surprisal, n. Ihnuhaijyapi. 
surprise, vt. 1. Ihnuhaijya. He 

surprised the enemy, to'ka ihnu- 

haijwicaye. 2. Inihaijya; yu- 

siijyeya. He surprised the peo- 
ple. — J am surprised, imanihai). 

n. Woinihaij; ihnuhaijyapi ; wo- 

iyopastake. 



surprising,^. Wowinihai). 

surprisingly, adv. Wowinihaijyai). 

surrender, vt. Wayakaicicu ; iyo- 
wiijyai) ; enakiya. n. Enakiya- 
pi ; wayaka icicupi. 

surreptitious, a. Nahmai) ka'gapi. 

surreptitiously, adv. Nahmana. 

surround, vt 1. Ohomni iyaya? 
aohomniya : the army sur- 
rounded the city. 2. Ohomni 
waqka: a ditch surrounds the 
camp. n. Aohomniyapi ; pte- 
wanuyaijpi wicayuwitayapi. 

surrounding, pa. Ohomni wanke. 

surveillance, n. Woawaijyake. 

survey, vt. 1. Waijyaka; amdeza. 
2. Iyuta ; makaiyuta : survey u 
railroad, n. Amdeza ; iyutapi. 

surveying, n. Makaiyutapi; ma- 
kaiyutapi woonspe. 

surveyor, n. Makaiyuta. 

survival, n. Ehake ni'pi. 

survive, vt Ihakam ni ; ehake ni. 

survivor, n. Ehakeni. 

susceptibility, n. Wookihi ; wowa 
s'ake. 

susceptible, a. Okihi ; kahtaqpica. 
sdonyepica. 

susceptibly, adv. Tai)h)yai). 

suspect, vt. Kecii) ; atungya ; iya- 
oijpa ; cetuijhda. J suspect John 
did it, John eeoi) keeaqmi.— 
I suspected the driver, wakahap€ 
cii) atiujgwaya. vi, Waiyaoij- 
pa. 

suspected, pa. Iyaoijpapi. 

suspend, vt. 1. Otkeya : suspend a 
hall in the air. 2. Inahni e'hna- 
ka ; e'kihnaka ; ayustankiya : 
he suspended work. 3. Ikoyag* 
ya. vi. Enakiye; ayustan. 

suspenders, n. Ceskiyutitan. 

suspense, n. To'ketutaninsni. 

suspension, w. 1. Wotkeyapi. A 
suspension bridge, cankahonpa- 
pi otkeyapi. 2. E'kiynakapi: 
woenakiye : during his suspen- 
sion from tlie ministry. 



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suspicion 



239 



swell 



suspicion, n. Woiyaonpa; wowi- 

yukean. 
suspicious, a. Wakokipa ; si'ca 

se'ca ; wacetunhda. 
suspiciously, adv. Okokipeya ; si- 

caya se'ca ; wacetunhdaya. 
sustain, vt 1. Yuha ; ipatan yu'- 

za; wi'wicakihni. 2. Yuwica- 

ka : sustain the charge. 
sustainable, a. Yuwicakapica ; yu- 

hepica. 
sustenance, n. Woyute ; ta'ku wa- 

s'agye. 
sutler, n. Akicitatawopeton. 
suture, n. Okagege. 
swab, n. Ipakii)te. vt. Pakinta. 
swaddle, vt. Yuskiskita. 
swag, vi. Naskom iwanke. 
swagger, vi. Ohitiicida skarj. 
swain, n. Koskawozu ; koska. 
swale, n. O'smaka. Swale-grass, 

santohu. 
swallow, vt. Napca ; napcaiyeya ; 

iocoka : swallowed a pin. — Swal- 
low his own words, to'ie ikikcu. 

— Swallow the story, woyakapi 

wicada. n. 1. Wonapce : take 

two swallows. 2. Icapsinpsin- 

cadai) ; upizate : the swallows 

are building their nests. 
swallow-tailed, n. Icapsiqpsiqca- 

dai) sinte. 
swam, imp. of swim. 
swamp, n. Ptega ; wiwi. 
swampy, a. fldihdidan ; coco. 
swan, n. Magatanka ; Y. maga- 

ska. 
swap, vt. Tokiyopeya. 
sward, n. Pezito ; peziozu. 
swarm, n. Tuhmagaoptaye ; opta- 

ye. vi. Optaye icicagapi ; kici- 

patitan. 
swarthy, n. Sa'peca ; stai). 
sway, vt. Kahuhuza ; ko'za ; iyu- 

tanyan. vi. Huhuzahar). ji.Wo- 

kazeze; wowas'ake; woawai)- 

yake. 
sway-back, n. Cankahu kas'h). 



swear, vi. Wakantanka cazeyan 
e'ya : he swore to the accoun t. 
2. Wakantanka i'had cazeyata : 
swear not. 

swearer, n. Wakantanka cazeya- 
tes'a. 

sweat, vi. Temni; temni au. w. 
Temni ; itemni ; inipi. vt. Te- 
mniya ; inikicaga. 

sweating-room, n. Initipi. 

sweaty, a. Temni ; spa'ya. 

sweep, vt. Kahinta; kahin e'ya- 
ya ; hiyaya. Sweep the floor, 
owanka kahinta. — It swept by, 
dus hiyaya. — The plague swept 
off the children, makosica siceca 
wicakasota. vi. Wakahintapi; 
ahiyaya ; wawiyohiya. 

sweeping, pa. Tan 'kaya iyohi . 

sweepings, n. Wokahinte. 

sweepstakes, n. A'taya obiya. 

sweet, a. Sku'ya ; waste ; sku- 
mnasni : a sweet apple. — Sweet 
butter, asanpiihdi waste. — A 
sweet face, ite waste. — Siceet 
milk, asanpi skumnasni. — Sweet 
odors, ecamna waste* — Sweet 
songs, odowan waste. — Sweet 
water, mini oyatke waste, n. 
Ta'ku sku'ya ; sku'ya ; waste. 

sweet-corn, n. Wamnahezaskuya. 

sweeten, vt. Sku'yeya. vi. Sku'ya 
a'ya. 

sweetheart, n. Tu'wewasteda ; tu'- 
weokiya. 

sweetish, a. Skuskuya. 

sweetly, adv. Tan'yai) ; oiyokipiya. 

sweetmeat, n. Canhaqpiicahi ; wa- 
skuya. 

sweetness, n. 1. Woskuye : the 
cane lost its sweetness. 2. Wo- 
waste ; wi'ciyokipi. 

sweet -potatoe, n. Pangitanka ; 
mdoskuya. 

sweet-scented, a. Wastemna. 

swell, vi. Po ; kapo ; napogan ; 
tan/ka a'ya ; ihdutanka ; mini- 
tan. : a swollen river, vt. Yutan- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



swelling 240 

ka ; napogai) ; minitaijya. n. 
O'cim tan/ka; paha; mdoya; 
ta'za mdoya. 

swelling, n. Po ; kapo ; paha. 

swelter, vi. Temnita. 

sweltry, a. Maste ; odidita. 

swept, imp. of sweep. 

swerve, vi. Tokan, ya ; yupemni ; 
ka win.fr ya. 

swift, a. Du'zahan ; olianko ; wo- 
takunisni ofranko : swift de- 
struction, n. 1. Upizate. 2. 
(Zool.) Ahdeskadan. 

swiftly, adv. Dus ; ofrankoya. 

swiftness, n. Woduzahaq ; woo- 
hanko. 

swill, n. Kukuse tawoyatke. 

swim, vi. 1. Niwai) : / can swim. 
2. O'kapota: the log swims. — 
A swimming-gait, niwaijpi se 
iyopte. — His head sivims, ito- 
mni; itekpaza. — Fwim in 
wealthy wowizice okaponya un. 
vt. 1. Niwai) ; aniwe : swim the 
river. 2. Niwekiya : swim the 
horse, n. Oniwe ; niwanpi. 

swimmer, n. Niwewayupika ; ni- 
wes'a. 

swimmingly, adv. Yupiya ; niwan- 
pise. 

swindle, vt. Hnayankiyusota ; hua- 
yai). n. Wohnaye. 

swindler, n. Wicahnayes'a. 

swine, n. Kuku&e (ni un heca). 

swing, vi. Kaozeze ; kahomni ; ho'- 
tadaii kicun. — The rope swings , 
hahonta kaozeze. — Tlie boat 
swung round, wa'ta kii) kaho- 
mni. vt. Kaozezeya ; ko'za ; 
ka&kanskai). John swung his 
hat, John wapostai) ko'za. n. 
1. Ho'tadai) : put the baby in 
the swing. 2. Wokazeze ; oyu- 
homni ; to'ken cin : let us take 
a swing. 

switch, n. 1. Cansakadan : a wil- 
low stvitch. 2. {Railway) fle- 
mani ma'zaakizate : change the 



syringe 



switch, vt. 1. Kapsinsinta : 
switch the child. 2. A'kizate 
ohna iyayeya : switch the train. 

switch-man, n. A'kizateapiya. 

swivel, n. Ma'zaicicafrina yuho- 
mni. 

swollen, ^p. of swell. 

swoon, vi. Kiksuyesni ; tansagta. 

swoop, vt. Iyahpaya ; yuwankan 
e'yaya. n. Woiyafrpaya. 

sword, n. Ma'zasagye ; ¥. miwa- 
kan. 

swore, imp of swear. 

sworn, pp. of swear. 

swum, imp. of swim. 

swung, imp. of swing. 

sycamore, n. Tanpacantanka. 

sycophant, n. Iskuya; wicahna- 
yes'a. 

syllable, n. Iapiokihe. 

sylvan, a. Can ; canowanca. 

symbol, n. 1. Wi'yacinpi; wadiya- 
cinpi : a lion is the symbol of 
courage. 2. Wosukiye : tlie sym- 
bols of faith. 

symbolic, a. I'yacinpi ; ka'pi. 

symbolically, adv. I'yacinyai). 

symbolize, v*. Fyacin. 

symmetrical, a. Okafrwanzidan. 

symmetry, n. Fciyokipi. 

sympathetic, a. Wawacinktayuza. 

sympathize, vi. Waciijkiyuza ; wa- 
cinyuza. 

sympathizer, n. Waciijkiyuza. 

sympathy, n. Wacinenkiciyuzapi ; 
onsikicidapi. 

symptom, n. Wotoketu ; tolseca ; 
wowapetokeca. 

synagogue, n. Judah ti'piwakan.. 

synchronical, a. Fakidehantu. 

syndicate, n. Woecoi) okodakiciye. 

synod, n. Omniciye ocokaya. 

synonim, n. Iapiowanzidan. 

synonimous, a. Fakidececa. 

synopsis, n. Owohdake co. 

syntax, n. Iapiokage oyaka. 

syphilis, n. Ce'frdipi woyazaij. 

syringe, n. Wi'bosdi ; minibosdi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



syrup 241 

syrup, n. Canhanpitiktica ; Y. tu- 
nmaga. 

system, n. 1. Okage ; oecon : the 
railroad system. 2. Wowiyu- 
kcai) : work by system. 3. Obe ; 



task 

ta'ku i'cikoyake ko'ya : the 

solar system. 
systematic, a. Wi'yukcai) skai). 
systematize, vt. Obe kahya e'hna- 

ka. 



taberoable, n. Wakeya. 

table, n. Wa'hnawot jpi ; omdaye. 
vt. Kihnaka. 

table-spoon, n. Tukihataijka. 

tablet, n. Wowapiska a'skape. 

taboo, vt. TeMnda. 

tabular, a. O'cimdah owapi. 

tacit, a. A'nini; iyowiijyai). 

tack, n. Ma'zapepe. vt. Okatai). 

tackle, vt. Yu'za; yuliomni. n. 
Wa'ta icuwa. 

tact, n. Wowayupika. 

tactics, n. Akicita wooi)spe. 

tadpole, n. Hosuijpesda. 

taffy, n. Canhaijpi sagyapi. 

tag, n. Kai)suikoyagyapi. 

tail, n. Siijte. Bird's tail, upi. 

tailor, n. Wakagege wieasa. 

taint, vt. Sicainnaya. 

tainted, a. flwiij'mna. 

take (took), vt. 1. Icu, take the 
book. 2. Yu'za, he took a wife. 
3. A'ya ; akiyahda, take it 
away. 4. Kipi ; iyohi ; yusota, 
how much will it take. — Take 
after, kuwa a'ya ; kinma. — Take 
aim, e'pazo. — Take away, tokai) 
a'ya. — Take care, taijyai) amde- 
za ; itoijpa. — Take care of, 
awanyaka. — Take cold, sni ya- 
hotoi). — Take effect, iyokihi. — 
Take from, ki. — 'Jake hold of, 
oyuspa. — Take notice, amdeza. 
— Take off: (the hat), yusdoka ; 
(the foot), baksa; (as cattle), 
tokai) a'ya. — Take part, oijspa 
ecoi) ; o'pa. — Take sides with T 
kici ti'dai). — Take to, taken 



with, iyokipi ; wastedaka. — 

Take a walk, omani. 
take off, n. Uij'capi. 
tale, n. Woyakapi ; kakaqpi. 
talebearer, n. I'wakaij. 
talent, n. Ma'zaska wokii) ; wo- 

ksape. 
talented, a. Wacinksapa. 
talk, vi. la; wohdake. To talk 

to, eciya. — To talk about (or of, 

or over), iwohdaka. 
talkative, a. Wohdakes'a. 
tall, a. Han/ska. 
tallow, n. Wasna. 
tally, n. Icago ; kici iyececa. 
talon, n. Sake. 
tamarack, n. Siijta. 
tame, a. Wa'hbana ; wanuyai)pi. 

vt. Yuwahbadai). 
tamper, vi. Yuha skai). 
tan, vt. Kpaijyan; uka wi aspaijye. 
tandem, a. I'ciyaza. 
tangible, a. Yutarjpica. 
tangle, vt. Yuwi ; i / cikoyake. 
tap, vt. Apapa ; yuhdoka. 
tape, n. Sinaapahdate. 
taper, vi. O'cim ci'stina ; sdi. n, 

Petizaijzai). 
tar, n. Wazi cai)§h). 
tardy, a. Iyehan hi sni. 
target, n. Owiijheca. 
tariff, n. Oyatetokeca kici wope- 

tonpi awamnayaqpi. 
tarnish, vt. Asamya. 
tarpaulin, n. Caijsii) iuijpi. 
tarry, vi. Apeyanka. 
tart, a. Sku'ya. 
task, n. Wohtani. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



taskmaster 242 

taskmaster, n. Wowasi itancaij. 
taste, vt. U'ta; ei'stiijna yu'ta. 

n. U'tapi ; wowiyukcai) j wo- 

cantiheye. 
tasteful, a. Oiyokipi. 
tasteless, a. U'tapi tatake. 
tatters, n. Ondehdeca. 
tattoo, vt. Akito. 
taught, imp. of teach. 
taunt, vt. I'enhde. 
tautology, n. Akihdehde e'yapi. 
tavern, w. Owotetipi. 
tawny, a. Ha sa'peca. 
tax, n. Woyuha hdazuzupi ; wo- 

kazuzu. 
tea, n. Wahpepezuta ; wahpe. 
teach, taught, vt. Onspekiya. 
teachable, a. Onspekiyapi waste. 
teacup, w. Wahpeiyatke. 
teakettle, n. Miniikanye. 
teacher, n. Waonspekiye. 
team, n. Sungakicaska ; wi'yuti- 

tanpi. 
teamster, n. Wakanape. 
teapot, n. Wahpeikanye. 
tear, tore, vt. Yundeca. n. Wo- 

yuhdeca ; istamnihanpe. 
tearer, n. Wohitika. 
tease, vt. Nagiyeya. 
teaspoon, w. Tukiha ci'stina; Y. 

kinskaci'kana. 
teat, n. Azeii)kpa. 
teem, vi. Ozudai) ; o'ta. 
teeter, vi. Kaozezeya. 
teeth, n. pi. of tooth. 
teething, n. Hi'uyapi. 
teetotaler, n. Miniwakan yatke sni. 
telegram, n. Ma'zaapapiwowapi. 
telegraph, n. Ma'zaapapi. 
telephone, n. Ma'zahoyeya. 
telescope, w. Maziwanyake hai)'- 

ska. 
tell, told, vt. Oyaka; to'nakeca 

yawa. Tell him, okiyaka. — Tell 

him to come, usi. 
tell-tale, n. Woyakes'a. 
temper, n. Tawach) ; wosuta. vt. 

Yusuta ; yuecetu. 



tether 



temperance, n. Iyatahdeiciyapi 

sni ; mde'zeca. 
temperature, n. Osni is maste. 
tempest, n. Icamna ; tate. 
temple, n. Ti'piwakan ; nawate. 
temporal, a. Makaakantu. 
tempt, vt. Iyutanye. 
temptation, n. Wowawiyutanye. 
ten, a. Wikcemna. 
tenable, a. Yuhepica. 
tenacious, a. Wi'yaskape; waM- 

tan. 
tenant, n. Wakicanye. 
tend, vt. Awanyake ; kicanye. vi. 

Iyahdeya. 
tendency, n. Ocanku ; oaye. 
tender, a. Wan'kadan ; waihakta. 

vt. Ku. 
tenderly, adv. Iwastedai). 
tenement, n. Ti'pi okupi. 
tenet, n. Woope. 
tenfold, a. Wikcemna akihde, 
tenor, n. Ta'ku ka'pi; wicaho 

wankantu. 
tense, n. Watohantu; hehantu. 

a. Tin'za. 
tent, n. Wakeya. vt. Ticaga. 
tenth, a. Iwikcemna. 
tepid, a. Itenyapi. 
term, n. Iapi, the term lawyer; 

owa saghde, a term of four 

years; wacinkiciyuzapi, on good 

terms; nazirjsni ecoijpi, a school 

term. vt. Cazeyata ; e'ya. 
terminate, vi. Owihanke. 
terrestrial, a. Makata. 
terrible, a. Okokipe. 
terribly, adv. Okokipeya. 
terrific, a. Woitonpe. 
terrify, vt. Yusinyeya. 
territory, n. Makoce ; makobaspe. 
terror, n. Wokokipe. 
terse, a. Iapi ya^inzapi. 
test, vt. Iyuta. 
testament, it. Wokonze. 
testify, vt. Wowieake oyaka. 
testimony, n. Woyaotaijin. 
tether, vt. Ikantoq hde. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



text 243 

text, n. Iapi iwohdake. 

text-book, n. Woonspe wowapi. 

texture, n. Okage. 

than, conj. Kiei i'ciwaijyakapi. 
More than, i'saqpa. — Less than, 
a'okpani. 

thank, vt. Wopida eciya. n. Wo- 
pida. 

thankful, a. Pida ; pidapi. 

thankless, a. 1. Pidasni, a thank- 
less lieart. 2. Tuwedan pida- 
sni. 

thank-offering, n. Wopida wosna- 
pi. 

thanksgiving, n. Wopida eyapi. 

thankworthy, a. Pidapi iyececa. 

that, a. 8c pro. He, that man; that 
is mine; that which I do ye 
know. conj. He'on ; he, he died 
that we might live; the day came 
that she should die. conj. She 
was that scared. 

thatch, n. Peziawakeyapi. 

thaw, vt. Stunya, thaw out the 
frost, vi. Stu'ta. Tliaw off, 
skan. 

the, def. art. Kin, the day is past. 

theater, n. 1. Woskate ti'pitanka ; 
ikpazotipi. 2. Oyanke, the the- 
ater of war. 

theatrical, a. Woskate. 

thee, pro. Ni'ye. 

theft, n. Wamanonpi. 

their, theirs, pro. Ta'wapi. 

theism, n. Wakantanka wicadapi. 

them, pro. 1. Wica. Kill them, 
wicakte. 2. He'na, sit by them. 

theme, n. Woiwohdake. 

themselves, pro. Iyepihca. 

then, adv. & conj. Hehan. 

thence, adv. Hetanhan. 

thenceforth, adv. Hetaijhan. 

theology, n. Woonspe wakan. 

theory, n. Wowiynkcan. 

there, adv. 1. Hen; he'ci, there 
he is; up there. 2. (Used in- 
definitely it is unexpressed.) 
There arose a famine, wicaaki- 



think 

han icaga — Tliere is work, wo- 
wasi yukai). 

thereabout, adv. Wahehantu. 

thereafter, adv. He iyohakam. 

thereby, adv. He tan han. 

therefor, adv. He'on. 

therefore, adv. He'onetanhan ; he'- 
on ; he'cen. 

therein, adv. He en. 

thereof, adv. Hetanhan. 

thereon, adv. He akan ; hehan. 

thereupon, adv. Hehan. 

therewith, adv. He kici. 

thermometer, n. Osniiyuta. 

these, a. & pro. Dena. 

thesis, n. Woeye. 

they, pro. pi. Iyepi ; iye . . . pi. 
(Generally expressed only by 
the plural ending.) They came, 
hi'pi. 

thick, a. 1. So'ka : thick ice. 2. 
Sma, thick grass; thick hair. 
3. Akipsapsa, thick grain; thick 
woods. 4. Tinza; suta, thick 
mush. 5. O'ta : thick as rabbits. 

thicken, vt. 1. Suta ka'ga, thicken 
the syrup. 2. So'ka ka'ga, 
thicken the cloth. 3. Yuota, 
thicken the blcws. 

thickening, a. O'ta a'ya; so'ka 
a'ya. n. Icahiyapi. 

thicket, n. Otehi. 

thickhead, n. Pahu so'ka. 

thickly, adv. Sogya. 

thickness, n. So'ka. 

thickset, a. Hu'na. 

thief, n. Wamanons'a. 

thieve, vt. Wamanon. 

thievery, n. Wamanonpi. 

thievish, a. Manons'a; wamanon. 

thigh, n. Ceca. Thigh-bone, ce- 
eui)te ; cecaowagle. 

thimble, n. Napostaij. 

thin, a. 1. Zizipedai), thin paper. 

2. Hdahan ; thin mush. 
thine, a. Nitawa. 
thing, n. Ta'ku ; woyuha. 
think, thought, vt. & vi. 1. Awa- 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



thinly 

cii) ; canteyuza, I think of going. 

2. Kiksuya, I cannot think what 

he said. 3. Ecii) ; wacinyuza. 

He thinks well of me, tan/yai) 

waciijmakiyuza. 
thinly, adv. Zizipayedan ; enana. 
third, a. 1. Iyamni, the third day. 

2. Ya'mni yuspapi, two thirds. 
thirst, vi. I'puza; caijtahde. n. 

Ipuzapi; caqtahdepi. 
thirsty, a. Fpuza. 
thirteen, a. Akeyamni. 
thirteenth, a. I 7 akeyamni. 
thirty, a. Wikcemnayamni. 
this, a. De, this man. pro. De, 

whose dog is thist adv. De'- 

cen. This soon. 
thistle, n. Canndonupepe. 
thither, adv. He'ciya ; heciyotan. 
thong, n. Wi'kai) ; ikai). 
thorn, n. Canpepe. 
thorny, a. Pepe. 

thorough, a. A'wicake ; wayustai). 
thoroughbred, a. Obetehike. 
thoroughfare, n. Cankuhca. 
thoroughgoing, a. Wakahdokeca. 
thoroughly, adv. A'wicakeya. 
those, a. & pro. Hena. 
thou,i?ro. Niye. 
though, conj. 1. Esta, I will go, 

though it rains. 2. Tuka; ke 

yas, I am well though not 

strong. 
thought, v. imp. See think. 
thought, n. Woawacii) ; wowiyu- 

kcan. 
thoughtful, a. Waawaein ; awacii). 
thoughtless, a. Waawaciijsni. 
thousand, a. Kektopawhjge. 
thraldom, n. Wayaka un'pi. 
thrash, vt. Kapai) ; apa. vi. Wa- 

kapai) ; kaholioiyeiciya skai). 
thrashing-machine, n. Wi'capaq ; 

wi'nakaijye. 
thread, n. 1. Hanonta; wi'kan, 

silk thread. 2. Cankuye. vt. 

Hahonta en iyeya. 
threadbare, a. Yutannipi. 



244 thunderstrike 

threat, n. Wakokipe ki'cagapi. 
threaten, vt. Wakokipekicaga ; ite- 

ka ; eyakuwa. 
three, a. Ya'mni. 
threefold, a. Ya'mniakihde. 
threescore, a. Wikcemnasakpe. 
threshold, n. Tiyopaahdehe. 
threw, imp. of throw. 
thrice, adv. Ya'mniakihde. 
thrift, w. Waicihdepi. 
thriftless, a. Icihdesni. 
thrifty, a. Icihdeka. 
thrill, vt. Yuskanskai). vi. Huhu- 

zahan. n. Woskanskan. 
thrilling, a. Wowinihai). 
thrive, vi. San 'pa tan'yan ya. 
thriving, pa. Icaga ; oicihi. 
throat, n. Dote ; wi'napce. 
throb, vi. Iyapa. 
throe, n. Wokakize. 
throne, n. Itancai) toyanke ; itaij- 

cai). 
throng, n. Wicota. vt. Aotinsya. 
throttle, w. Dote ; iostan. 
through, a. Ihunniyanye, through 
trains, prep. Iyoopta; ihuniyan, 

through the board; through the 

season. 
throughout, adv. Ihunniyai). 
throve, imp. of thrive. 
throw, threw, vt. 1. Kahoiyeya, 

throw a stone. — Throw at, kiijiij. 

2. Kun'enpeya, he threw his 

antagonist. 3. Ehpeya, he threw 

it on the ground. 4. fliyuya, 

threw up his dinner. 
thrush, n. Wagiogi. 
thrust, vt. Iyayeya ; iyeya ; eapa; 

capaiyeya. n. Wacapapi. 
thud, n. Woiyapa. 
thumb, n. Napahunka. vt. Yu- 

taijtai). 
thump, vt. Apa ; iyapa. 
thunder, vi. Wakinyaijhotoij ; bu. 
thunderbolt, n. Wakanhdisu. 
thunderstorm, n. Wakinyaijica- 

mna. 
thunderstrike, vt. Wakiqyano ; o. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



Thursday 245 

Thursday, w. Anpetuitopa. 

thus, adv. He'cen, do it thus. — 
Hiusfar, hehanyai). 

thwart, nt. Okihisniya. 

thy, pro. Nita- ; nitawa. 

thyself , pro. Niyehca. 

tibia, n. Husdi. 

tick, vi. Ko'ka. n. 1. Ko'ka, I 
hear the tick of the clock. 2. Ta- 
skakpa, I see a tick on the dog's 
ear. 3. Owinzaozuha, fill Die 
tick icith hay. 4. Icazo, don't 
buy on tick. 

ticket, ft. Kansu. 

ticking, ft. Owiijza minihuha. 

tickle, vt. Yus'ins'ii) ; ihaya. 

ticklish, a. Ihawan/kadai) ; to'ketu 
taninsni. 

tidal, a. Mnitai). 

tide, ft. Mniwanca wankanu. 

tidings, ft. Wonahoi). 

tidy, a. Wayuco ; ska. 

tie, vt. Iyakaska ; kaska ; pahta ; 
yuskiya. w. 1. Wokaske, the 
ties of kindred. 2. Apahte, 
neck-tie. 3. I'akidenakeca, the 
vote was a tie. 

tier, ft. Oehnake. 

tiger, ft. Inmutanka. 

tight, a. 1. Otiijza, a tight shoe. 
2. Kusesni; kahdokesni, a tight 
barrel; air-tight. 3. Itomni, 
tight on beer. 

tighten, vt. Yuftnza. 

tile, ft. Makaspai) tiakahpe ; ma- 
kaspai) ohdogeca. 

till, prep. Hehanyai), till Sunday, 
vt. Kicaijyai), till the ground. 
ft. Opiye ; wopiye. 

tillable, a. Kicanyepica. 

tiller, w. Wakicaqye. 

tilt, vt. Yuptaijyai) ; wahukeza 
ecoijpi. 

timbal, n. Can'cega. 

timber, n. Cai) ; can/obdotoi). 

timbered, a. Can/icahhan. 

timbrel, n. Can/cega mdaskana. 

time, vt. Wihiyayedai) yawa. n. 



tit 

1. Anpetu, ancient times; the 
times are hard. 2. Wi'hiyaya ; 
wi'hiyayedai), be on time; what 
time is it? 3. Akihde, how many 
times t Two times. 4. IyehLn- 
tu, there is a time for everything. 
— All the time, o'hinniyan. — 
Another time, ake tohan. — At 
any time, tohan tu kasta.— A 
short time, ci'stiyedai). — A t this 
time, dehantu. — At the same 
time, iyehan. — Beat time, ho 
wi'kiyuta. — Between time, i'yo- 
tahedai). — By this time, de iye- 
han. — In time, iyehan. — It is 
time, iyehantu. — Next time, ake 
tohan. — Time about, unman 
itogto. 

timekeeper, n. Wi'hiyayedai). 

timely, a. Waiyehantu. 

timepiece, w. Wi'hiyayedai). 

timid, a. Canwanka. 

timorous, a. Wakokipe. 

tin, ft. Cehska. 

tincture, ft. Icahikagapi ; akahtan- 
pi. 

tinder, n. Cankagica. 

tinge, vt. Iwastedai) iui). 

tinker, vt. Apiya. 

tinkle, vi. Sna. 

tinned, a. Cehska akahpa. 

tint, ft. Icahtakapi. 

tiny, a. Ci'stina ; -dan ; -na. 

tip, ft. In'kpa, the tip of his ear. 
vt. Naptaijyai) ; iwastedai) apa. 

tippet, ft. Nakpiyutake. 

tipple, vi. Cikcikayena wayatke. 

tipsy, a. Itomni. 

tiptoe, ft. Sipinkpa. 

tirade, n. Iapisicaota. 

tire, vt. Watukaya. vi. Watuka ; 
econkapin. n. Ma zacanhde- 
ska. 

tired, a. floij'kita ; watuka. 

tireless, a. Ecoi)kapii) wanica. 

tiresome, a. Watuka wicaya. 

tissue, ft. Minihuhagangan.. 

tit, ft. Oape. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



titbit 246 

titbit, n. Onspadan. 

tithe, n. Wikcemnakibaspapi wan- 

zi. 
title, n. 1. Caze, the title of the 

book. 2. Oi) ta'wa sdonyapi, 

what is his title. 
titter, vi. 2iziiha. 
tittle, n. Wokpe. 
to, prep. & adv. 1. Ekta, go to 

town; wrong end to. 2. (Sign 

of the infinitive.) Kta ; I want 

to go. 
toad, n. Natapeha. 
toast, vt. 1. -Guguya ; ceonpa. 2. 

Tu'we cazeyan wayatke. n. 

Aguguyapi. 
tobacco, n. Candi. 
toboggan, n. Canmdaskaowosdohe. 
to-day, adv. & n. Nakaha. 
toddle, vi. Hoksiyopamani. 
toddy, n. Miniwakanicahiyapi. 
toe, n. Siyukaza ; siinkpa ; sipa. 
together, adv. Wi'taya ; o'konwan- 

zina. 
toil, vi. fitani. n. Wohtani. 
toilet, n. Oihduze. 
toilsome, a. OteMka. 
token, n. Wowapetokeca. 
tolerable, a. Ki'tanna. 
tolerance, n. Iyowinyanpi. 
tolerant, a. Waciijtanka. 
toleration, n. Wawiyowinyanpi. 
toll, vt. Wan'wancana apa. n. 

Canku wokazuzu. 
tomahawk, n. Onspecaijnoijpa. 
tomato, n. Waskuyecasasa. 
tomb, n. Wicahnakapi. 
tomboy, n. Wicincana hoksina 

se'ea. 
tombstone, n. Wicahnakapi in'- 

yan. 
to-morrow, n. Heyakecinhan ; Y. 

& T. hin'hanna. 
ton, n. Tkeutapi 2000. 
tone, n. Ho; hooadi; wocante- 

yuza. 
tongs, n. Pe'tawiyuzipe. 
tongue, n. Cezi ; iapi. 



toss 

tonic, n. Pezuta imdihecapi 

to-night, n. Hanyetu de. 

too, adv. 1. Ni'na; ehaes, too 

long. 2. Nakun ; eya, give him 

one too. 
took, imp. of TAKE. 
tool, •/*. Wi'kicanye ; icuwa. 
toot, vt. Yahoton ; yazo. 
tooth, n. Hi. In tlie teeth of, wi'- 

citkokim. 
toothache, n. Hi'wicayazai). 
toothbrush, n. Hi'ipayeze. 
toothless, a. Hi'wanica. 
toothpick, n. Hi'pasku; T. hi'yo- 

patake. 
top, n. 1. In'kpa, top of tJie house. 

2. Can/kawacipi, whirl the top. 

a. Waijkantu ; akan ; o'tokahe, 

a top place, vt. 1. Iij'kpa ka'- 

ga, top the stack. 2. In'kpa 

baksa, top the corn. 
toper, n. Miniwakai) yatkesa. 
topic, n. Ta'ku ka'pi. 
topknot, n. Pecokaokaske. 
toplofty, a. Wankantu; tan/kai- 

cida. 
topmost, a. Iyotai) wankantu. 
topography, n. Oyanke oyakapi. 
topple, vi. Pacegceg. 
topsy turvy, a. To'kencincin. 
torch, n. Ikcecanaizanzaijyapi. 
tore, imp. of tear. 
torment 7 , vt. Kakisya. 
tor'ment, n. Wokakize. 
torn, imp. of tear. 
tornado, n. Tateohitika. 
torpedo, n. Cahdi napopapi. 
torpid, a. Ta se. 
torpidity, n. Wicahunkesni. 
torpor, n. Waokihisni. 
torrent, n. Minitan. 
torrid, a. Ni'na ka'ta. 
tortoise, n. Ke'ya. 
tortuous, a. Ksanksai). 
torture, rf. Kakisya; yuktaijyai). 

n. Wokakize. 
toss, vt. Kahoiyeya ; wankankan- 

iyeya ; paptanptaipyeya. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



tot 



247 



transit 



tot, n. Ta'kucikana. 

total, a. A'taya ; ocowasii). 

totally, adv. A'taya. 

tote, vt. Kin ; a'ya. 

totter, vi. Kacekceka. 

tottering, pa. Hahadai). 

touch, vt. 1. Icahtaka, the trees 
touch. 2. Yutai), he touched his 
hat. 3. Iyohi, he couloVnt touch 
tlw roof. — Tlie frost touched the 
leaves , iwastena kuwa. — Touch 
the hearty cantiyapa. — Touch 
off, iyayeya ; u'ta. — Touch up, 
yuwaste kuwa; dus iyayeya. 
n. I'cicahtakapi ; wayutanpi ; 
yuwastepi; wokaMaka; woki- 
tai). 

touching, prep. Icahtagya, touch- 
ing what John said. pa. Can- 
teiyawicapa, a touching tale. 

touchy, a. Wakahtakeca. 

tough, a. Suta. 

tour, n. Oicimani ; aohomni. 

tourist, n. Oicimani. 

tournament, n. Akicitaska'tapi. 

tow, vt. Yusdohai) ; wa'ta yusdo- 
han. n. Canhdohu hii). 

toward, towards, prep. Ektakiya ; 
a'etopteya ; en'tkiya. 

towel, n. Napipakinte ; itipakinte. 

tower, n. Ti'piipasotka. vi. Wan- 
kan yeya. 

towhead, n. Pa'zi. 

town, n. Otoijwe. 

township, n. Makobaspe maka 
iyutapi sa'kpe. 

toy, n. Wi'napiskaijye. vi. &ka'- 
ta. 

trace, vt. Owe ode ; ode, trace a 
thief. 2. Icago; canku icago, 
trace the outlines oil paper, n. 
Owe ; onspa ci'stinna. 

traceable, a. Odepica. 

trachea, n. Dotehbeza. 

track, n. Owe; canku. vt. Owe 
atab ya, track a fox. 

tract, n. 1. Onspa ; obaspe ; ma- 
kobaspe, a rocky tract of land. 



2. Wowahokonkiye wowapi ci'- 
stinna, a temperance tract. 

tractable, a. Okinyanwaste. 

traction, n. Oyusdohai). 

trade, vt. Tokiyopeya, trade horses, 
vi. Wopeton, trade with In- 
dians, n. Wopetonpi; woe- 
con. 

trader, n. Wopetoi). 

tradewind, n. Waziyata tate. 

trading, pa. Wopetoi). 

tradition, n. Ehanna wicoie. 

traduce, vt. Makoskan yasica. 

traffic, vi. Wopetoij. n. Wope- 
toijpi. 

tragedy, n. Ta'ku wocantiyapa. 

tragic, a. Wowinihan. 

trail, n. Canku ; owe ; ta'ku yu- 
sdohai). vt. Yusdohai) ; sdo- 
hai) ya. 

train, vt. Oi)spekiya ; kihiya ; yu- 
titai). n. flemani ; owosdohe ; 
woyaza. 

trainer, n. Waonspekiya. 

trainman, n. flemani kicanye. 

trait, n. Ohai). 

traitor, n. Takodaku wicahnaye. 

traitorous, a. Wicahnayes'a. 

trammel, vt. Hun'kesniya. 

tramp, vt. Siehde ; ma'ni. n. Sie- 
hdepi ; omanipi ; wadaomani. 

trample, vt. Adi ; nasuza. 

trance, n. Ihaijmnapi se wawan- 
yaka. 

tranquil, a. Owanzi un. 

trans-, pref. O'pta ; akasanpa. 

transact, vt. Econ. 

transaction, n. Woecon. 

transcend, vt. Kapeya. 

transcribe,^. Aktaowa. 

transfer, vt. Tokanaya; wicaku. 
n. Wicakupi. 

transfigure, vt. Yutokeca. 

transform, vt. Piyakaga. 

transgress, vt. Wahtani. 

transgression, n. Woahtani. 

transient, a. Askayedan un. 

transit, n. O'pta ye cin,. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



transitive 248 

transitive, a. Ta'kuiyaheya. 
transitory, a. Ci'stiyedai) un. 
translate, vt. Ieska ka'ga ; to'kai) 

a'ya. 
translation, n. Ieskayapi. 
translucent, a. Kohdi. 
transmigrate, vt. Piyaiyotanke. 
transmit, vt. Ye'ya ; ku. 
transom, n. O'zaqzanhdepi hda- 

kiijyai). 
transparent, a. Kohdi; tarjii). 
transpire, vt Otaijiij ; yuniya. 
transplant, vt. Piya huhde. 
transport, vt. Toksu ; yumdezesni. 

n. Itoksu. 
transportation, n. Watoksupi 
transpose, vt. Yutokai). 
transverse, a. Hdakinyai). 
trap,n. Ma'zafttakiyapi; wi'hmun- 

ke. vt. Hmun'ka. 
trapper, n. Wahmunkes'a. 
traps, n. pi. Ta'ku woyuha. 
trash, n. Ta'ku&ni. 
travail, vi. Cincatonkta yazai). 
travel, vt. I'cimaniya. 
traveller, n. Fcimani. 
traverse, vt. O'ptaya. 
travesty, n. Wawiha ka'gapi. 
tray, n. Waksinopahi ; sun'ka 

caze. 
treacherous, a. Wicahnayes'a. 
treachery, n. Wohnaye. 
tread, trod, vi. Siha e'hde ; amani. 

Tread on, amani. — Tread out, 

nasuya. 
treadle, n. Siipatan. 
treason, n. Wohnaye, oyate en. 
treasure, vt. Kihnaka ; kpatan. 

n. Woyuha ; wakihnakapi. 
treasurer, n. Ma'zaskaawaqyaka. 
treasury, n. Ma'zaska wohnake. 
treat, vt. 1. Kuwa ; ta'ku ecaki- 

coi), he treated me well. 2. Mi- 
ni wakan yatkekiya. n. 1. Wo- 

wiyuskii), the music was a treat. 

2. Won'tkiyapi; wayatkekiya- 

pi, a treat of beer. 
treatise, n. Wowapitanka. 



triplet 



treatment, n. Wokuwa ; okuwa. 
treaty, n. Oyate wowapiyutanpi. 
treble, a. Ya'mniakihda ; ho wan- 

kantu. 
tree, n. Can ; can'bosdanhan. vt. 

Canadikiya. 
tremble, vi. Cancan. 
tremendous, a. Otantonka. 
tremor, n. Wocaijcai) ; wicanaka. 
tremulous, a. Cancan . 
trench, n. Makaokapi. 
trend, n. Tokiyotai) ye. 
trepidation, n. Wocaijcai). 
trespass, vi. Wahtani. n. Woa- 

htani. 
tri-, pre. Ya'mni ; ya'mnikiya. 
trial, n. 1. Iyutapi, a trial of his 

speed. 2. Aiapi, a trial for 

murder. 3. Wokakize, trials 

by fire. 
triangle, n. Ya'mnioiseton,. 
tribal, a. Oyate ta'wa. 
tribe, n. Oyate oSpaye. 
tribulation, n. Wokakize. 
tribunal, n. Waaia omniciye. 
tributary, a. Adetka ; ookiye. 
tribute, n. Itancai) tawomnaye. 
trice, n. Idtakakpapise. 
trick, n. Wohnaye ; woecon. 
tricky, a. Wicahnayes'a. 
tried, pa. Iyutapi. 
triennal, a. Waniyetu ya'mni. 
trifle, w. Ta'ku ci'stinna. vi. Ta'- 

kusnikiya skan. 
trifler, a. WaawaciijSni. 
trigger, n. Ma'zakaniyutan. 
trill, n. Hohnagicahoton. 
trim, vt. 1. Basmin, trim the hair. 

2. Aopazai), trim a hat. 3. 

Tan'yai) piya. a. Wayuco. 
trinity, n. Ya'mni waijzipi. 
trinket, n. Oil). 
trio, n. Ya'mnipi. 
trip, n. Oicimani. vi. Ohanko 

ma'ni ; hicahai) ; yusna. 
tripe, n. Tasupe. 
triple, a. Ya'mnikiya. 
triplet, n. Ya'mniakicaaka. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



triplicate 249 

triplicate, a. Ya'mni. 

tripod, ft. Hu ya'mni. 

tripper, n. Psi'psin ma'ni. 

trite, a. Ehanna; ponpon. 

triumph, ft. Ohiya. n. Woohiya. 

triumphal, a. Ohiyapi. 

triumphant, a. Ohiya. 

triune, a. Ya'mniwaijzina. 

trivial, a. Ta'kuitokecasni. 

trod, imp. of tread. 

troop, ft. Akicita optaye j op- 
taye. 

trophy, ft. Woohiye ; wakipi. 

tropic, ft. Wi'ihukuya. 

trot, vi. Nacam ya ; in/yanka. 

troth, ft. Wowicake. 

trouble, vt. Nagiyeya; yuskan- 
skan. w. Wonagiyeya; wosice. 

troubled, pa. Iyoyaka. 

troublesome, a. Wanagiyeya. 

troublous, a. Oiyokisica. 

trough, ft. Can'kaskokpa. 

trousers, ft. Onzeoge. 

trout, ft. Hoganwicastasni. 

trowel, ft. Upsizaipawinte. 

truant, w. Wayawanazica. 

truce, ft. Wokicize kihnakapi. 

truck, w. Ta'kuSnisni ; huha. 

truckle, vi. Ihukuya iyeiciya. 

true, a. Wicaka ; ecetu. 

truism, a. Wicaka taijii). 

truly, adv. A'wicakehan. 

trump, ft. Itaijcaijkiyapi. 

trumpery, n. On i'kpazopi. 

trumpet, ft. Ma zawayaotaiiii). vt. 
Yaotaniq. vi. Wayaotanii). 

trunk, ft. 1. Can'ohnaka ; heyake- 
opiye, a leather trunk. 2. Hu- 
can ; caqkaga, the trunk of the 
tree. 3. Pasu, the elephant's 
trunk. 4. Taijcaq, the trunk 
only remained. 

truss, ft. 1. Can'yunana, bridge 
truss. 2. Teziwiyutinze. 

trust, vt. 1. Wacinyan, trust God. 
2. Wacinyan. yuhekiya, trust 
your horse to his care. 3. Wi- 
cada, I trusted his word. 4. 



tumultuous 

Eciq ; awacin un, I trust he 
will come. 5. Icazokiya, he 
trusted him for ten dollars, n. 

1. Waawanyagkiyapi, national 
trusts. 

trustee, w. Awanyagkiyapi. 

trnstful, a. Wacinyan. 

trustless, a. Wowacinyecodan ; 

wacinyepicasni. 
trustworthy, a. Wacinyepica. 
trusty, a. Wacinyepica; wicaka. 
truth, ft. Wowicake ; he'cetu. 
truthful, a. Wicaka. 
try, tried, vt. 1. Iyuta, try your 

new pen. 2. Akita ; kuwa, tried 

to kill me. 3. Aia, he was tried 

for murder. — Try to do, econ- 

uta. — Try to kill, ktewacin. — 

Try tlie taste, u'ta. 
tub, w. Wi'yuzazakoka ; kokaba- 

ksa. 
tube, ft. Wiohdogeca. 
tuber, ft. Hutkan psunkaka; psui]- 

kaya po. 
tubercle, n. Psunkakana po. 
tuck, vi. 1. Paksiza, tuck up the 

skirt. 2. Paoskica, tuck in the 

cover. 
Tuesday, n. Anpetuinonpa. 
tuft, ft. Wopamna, a tuft of grass. 

— A tuft of hair, a&ke. 
tug, vt. Yutitan ; sogya kuwa. n. 

Woyutitan ; pe'tawata wayu- 

sdohan ; sungikan woyutitan. 
tuition, ft. Woonspe wokazuzu. 
tulip, ft. Mnahcahca obe. 
tumble, vt. 1. Paptaniyeya ; ehpe- 

ya, tumbled it out of the wagon. 

2. To'kencincin ehpeya, tumbled 
up the bed. vi. Paptaijptai) ; 
hinhpaya. 

tumble-bug, w. Unkcepakmikma. 
tumbler, n. 1. 2anzai)wiyatke, 

broke a tumbler. 2. Waihdu- 

ptanptan. 
tumor, ft. Po. 
tumult, ft. Owodutaton. 
tumultuous, a. Wohitiyaskanpi. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



tune 250 

tune, n. Odowag ho. vt. Ho ece- 
tuya ; piya. 

tuner, n. Ho'ecetuya. 

tunic, n. O'kde. 

tunnel, n. fle'ohdogyapi. 

turban, n. Pa'iyuskite. 

turbid, a. Sose. 

turbulent, a. Skanskan ; wohitika. 

turf, n. Pezihutkai) ; pezito. 

turkey, n. 2icatai)ka j T. Wagle- 
• ksuntanka. 

turkey-buzzard, n. Heca. 

turmoil, n. Woskanskan. 

turn, vt. 1. Yuhomni, turn the 
wheel. 2. Iyayeya, turn the 
cattle into the pasture. 3. E'e 
ka'ga, turn water into wine. — 
Turn the corner, oise ayuho- 
mni. — Turn over, yuptanyaij. 
— Turn the stock, hoijyakoi) 
yueci. — Turn the stomach, hiti- 
hdaya. vi. Kawinga ; namni ; 
ihduptan. n. Oyuktai) ; oecoi). 
By turns, unman itogto. — His 
turn, i'ye iyehantu. 

turns, n. Isnatipi. 

turn-about, adv. Unmanitogto. 

turn-coat, n. Titokanki. 

turning-point, n. Tukten to'keca- 
pi. 

turnip, n. Ti'psina. 

turnkey, n. Tiyopayuhdoka. 

turnpike, n. Cankumdoya. 

turpentine, n. Wazihanpi. 

turpitude, n. Wosice. 

turtle, n. Ke'ya. Soft-shell, ke- 
zoijta. 

turtle-dove, n. Tin'wakiyedai). 

tush, inter j. Hoh. 

tusk, n. Hii)ske. 

tussle, vi. Kici ecoi). 



ulcerate 



tut, interj. Hii)te. 

tutelage, n. Wooijspe. 

tutor, n. Waonspekiya. 

twaddle, vt. Itutuia. 

twain, a. Noij'pa. 

tweezers, w. Wi'yuzipe. 

twelfth, a. Iakenoi)pa. 

twelve, a. Akenoijpa. 

twenty, a. Wikcemnanonpa. 

'twere, contr. it were. 

twice, a. Non'paakihde. 

twig, n. Canirjkpa. 

twilight, n. Ki'taijna an/pa ; owa- 

taijinani. 
twill, vt. Yugopise kazonta. 
twin, n. Oekpa. 
twine, n. Hanonta oq wapahtapi. 

vt. Yuwi; son. 
twinge, vt. Yazimzipa ; nan'ka. 
twinkle, vt. Iyega; T. ilega. 
twirl, vt. Yuhomni. 
twist, vt. Pahmun ; yuksa. 
twlt,trt. Ostehda. 
twitch, vi. Tanapa ; naij'ka. 
twitter, vi. 2izi. 
'twixt, contr. of betwixt. 
two, a. Non'pa. Only two, nom'- 

nana. — Two-edged, anogope. — 

These two, denaoza. — Two by 

two, nom'nonpa. 
twofold, a. Non'paakihde. 
Twokettles, n. pr. Oohenonpa. 
tying, pp. of tie. 
type, n. Ma'zaoowa ; wocaze. 
typhoid, a. Tancankatapi hanhi. 
typhoon, n. Tateiyumni. 
typical, a. Woiyacin. 
tyrannical, a. Wawakipazin. 
tyrannize, vi. On'siya kuwa. 
tyranny, n. Wicaohitikapi. 
tyrant, n. Itancai) snta. 



ubiquitous, a. O'wanca un. 
udder, n. Aze. 



u 



ugly, a. Owanyagsica ; sica. 
ulcerate, vi. Tonye. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



ultimate 

ultimate, a. Ihanke. 

ultimately, adv. Uij'hanketa. 

ultra, a. Aokageca. 

umbrage, n. Wosihda. 

umbrella, n. O'hanzihdepi. 

un*,pref. Sni. 

unable, a. Okihisni. 

unanimous, a. Tawacinwanzidai). 

unanswerable, a. Ayuptepicasni. 

unavoidable, a. Yutokecapicasni. 

unawares, a. Tak'eciijsni. 

unbar, vt Yukca. 

unbelief, n. Wacetunhdapi. 

unbend, vt. Yubwotaijna ; yuzica. 

unbid, a. Kicopisni ; da'pisni. 

unbind, vt. Yukca. 

unbolt, vt. Yusdoka. 

unbosom, vt. Wonahbe oyaka. 

unbounded, a. Woptecasni. 

unbridle, vt. Iiyuwi yusdoka. 

unbuckle, vt. Yuska. 

unburden, vt. Yuhpa. 

unbutton, vt. Yukca. 

uncertain, a. To'ketutauinsni. 

unchain, vt Ma'za yuska. 

uncle, n. Dekai. Your uncle, ni- 
deksi. — His uncle, deksitku. — 
My father's brother, ate. 

unclothed, a. Tancodan. 

uncoil, vt. Yuhda. 

uncomfortable, a. Taijyansni. 

uncommon, a. He'cetusni ece ; to- 
keca. 

unconcerned, a. Tak'eciijsni. 

uncork, t;*. Iostaijicu. 

uncouth, a. Onspesni. 

uncover, vt. Yuzamni. 

unction, n. Cantiyowicahi. 

uncurl, vt Kiyusto. 

undeceive, vt. Okahnihya. 

undeniable, a. I'enhdepicasni. 

under, prep. Ihukuya ; iyohisni. 
Under the house, ti'pi ihukuya. 
— Under weight, tkeutapi iyo- 
hisni. — Under fire, kutepi en'- 
tu. a. Hukuya; imahen, an 
under layer. 

underbid, vt Ihukya ka. 



251 unfriendly 

underbrush, n. Otehi. 

underclothes, n. Mahenunpi. 

undergo, if. Akipa. 

underhanded, a. Nahman skan. 

undermine, vt Ohdateya ka. 

underneath, a. Ihukuya. 

underpin, vt Tihute ka'ga. 

underrate, vt Ihukuya yawa. 

understand, vt Okanniga ; ecii) ; 
nanon. — Do you understand, 
oyakahniga he. — Do you under- 
stand English, Wasicun iapi na- 
yahoi) he. 

understanding, n. Wookahnige. 

understate, vt. Ihukun oyaka. 

undertake,^. Econiyuta. 

undertaker, n. Wicaha. 

undo, vt. Yuzuzu. 

undone,^, of undo. 

undoubted, a. Cetunhdasni. 

undress, vt Heyake hdusdoka. 

undying, a. Tepicasnl. 

unearth, vt. Yutanin. 

unearthly, a. Maka etanhai) sni ; 
wakaijse. 

uneasy, a. Iyokipisni un. 

unequal, a. Iyekicetusni ; kaoci- 
ptetu. 

unequivocal, a. Taijin hca. 

uneven, a. Mda'yesni; iyehanyaij- 
sni. 

unexpected, a. Waktapisni. 

unfailing, a. Yusotepicasni. 

unfair, a. Owotannasni. 

unfaithful, a. Wicakesni. 

unfasten, a. Yuska. 

unfavorable, a. OMciwastesni ; 
iyowicakipisni. 

unfeeling, a. Cantewanica. 

unfit, a. Iyecetusni. vi. Ecetu- 
snikiya. 

unfix, vt. Yuecetusni. 

unfold, vt Yumdaya; yutaijin. 

unfortunate, a. Wa'pisni. 

unfortunately, adv. Wa'pisniyai) ; 
sinya. 

unfounded, a. Yuwicakapisni. 

unfriendly, a. Watoghda. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



unfurl 252 

unfurl, vt Yuzarani. 

ungainly, a. Onspesni. 

ungodly, a. Wakantanka awacin- 

sni. 
unhappy, a. Cantewastesni. 
unharness, vt. Ikai) yusdoka. 
unhealthy, a. Zanisni. 
unhitch, vt. Yuska. 
unhorse, vt. Pahpa. 
unhurt, a. Ksu'weyesni. 
uniform, a. O'wanzidan ; a'kidece- 

ca. n. Akicita taheyake. 
uniformly, adv. He'cetuwanzica. 
unify, vt. Yuokonwanzidan. 
uninterrupted, a. Nagiyeyesni. 
union, n. Yuokonwanzipi ; yu- 

wanzipi; wowanzi. a. Yuwi- 

taya. 
unique, a. Wicisnana. 
unison, n. O'wanzi. 
unit, n. Wanzina ; wayawapi oi- 

vute. 
unite, vt Yuokonwanzidan ; i'ci- 

koyagya. 
universal, a. Sintomni. 
universalist, n. A'taya ni'pi kta 

wicada. 
uo jointed, a. O'kihe papsun. 
unkind, a. Waonsidasni. 
unlawful, a. Woope ohnasni. 
unlearned, n. Waonspesni. 
unless, conj. Sni kinhan. 
unlike, a. Iyececesni. 
unlimited, a. Woptecasni ; tohaij- 

yai) cen. 
unload, vt. fletezu ; pahpa. 
unlock, vt. Yuhdoka j yusdoka. 
unloose, vt. Yuska. 
unmarried, a. Tan sua un. 
unnatural, a. Ohaijtokeca. 
unnecessary, a. Ituya; iyecece- 
sni. 
( unpack, vt Yuzuzu ; icu. 
unpleasant, a. Oasica. 
unravel, vt Yukca. 
unreasonable, a. Tawacinwanica ; 

aokageca. 
unripe, a. Sutonsni. 



upper 

unroll, vt Yumdaya. 

unruly, a. Wanahonsni. 

unsaddle, vt Akin yusdoka. 

unsafe, a. Okokipe. 

unscrew, vt Yuhbezapi yusdoka. 

unsightly, a. Owanyagsica. 

unsound, a. Zanisni ; ecetusni. 

unspeakable, a. Oyagpieasni. 

unsuitable, a. Iyecetusni. 

untie, vt Yuska. 

until, prep. Hehanyan ; ecen. 

untiring, a. Econkaph) sni. 

unto, prep. Hehanyan ; ekta. 

untoward, a. E'citapesni ; hmii). 

untrue, a. Wicakesni. 

untried, a. Iyutapisni. 

untwist, vt. Yuhda. 

unusual, a. He'cetusni ecee ; wa'- 
petokeca. 

unwell, a. Wayazanhda. 

unwind, vt Yuhda. 

unwonted, a. Nakahas. 

unworthy, a. Iyecetusni. 

unyoke, vt Wanapin yuska. 

ap t prep. Wankan ; bosdan ; i'tan- 
wankanhde; in/kpata; iyehan; 
a'taya. Go up, wankan ya. — 
Stand up straight, bosdan owo- 
tanna na'zin. — tip hill, paha 
i'tanwankanhde* — Up the river f 
wakpa in'kpata. — He ate it all 
up, a'taya owasiij yu'ta. — Blow 
up the boiler, minioipihye bo- 
mdaza. — Burn up, a'taya hu- 
hnaga. — The time is up, wanna 
iyehan tu. — Upside down, ahda- 
psinyan. 

upbraid, vt Ba ; iyopeya. 

upheave, vt Pawankan iyeya. 

uphold, upheld, vt Okiya; wan- 
kan yu'za. 

upland, n. Mdamdata. 

uplift, vt Yuwankan icu. 

upon, prep. Akan ; ehan. Bor- 
ders upon, opapun icahtaka. — 
Live upon, on ni. 

upper, a. Wankantu. Upper lip, 
pute. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



uppermost 253 

uppermost, a. Iyotan waijkantu. 

upright, a. 1. Bosdantu : an up- 
right post. 2. Owotanna : an 
upright man. 

uprising, n. Anazinpi. 

uproar, n. Owodutatorj. 

uproot, vt. Yuzun. 

upset, vt. Yuptanyan. 

upshot, n. Woyugtai). 

upside down, adv. Ahdapsinyan. 

upstairs, n. Wankantipi. 

upstart, n. Nakahas tanii). 

upward, adv. Wankantkiya. 

urban, a. Otonwekahya. 

urbane, a. Ohanwa&teka. 

urchin, n. Wakanheza. 

urge, vt. I'yopastake ; inahniya. 

urgent, a. Wakitai). 

urinate, vi. De'za. 

urn, n. Makacega. 

us, pro. Unkiyepi. 

usage, n. Woecon ; wicohan. 

use, vt. Uq ; ki$un. Use for, e'e- 



varnish 



kiya un. — Use up, yusota. — 
Use well, tan'yai) kuwa. vi. 
1. Eoewakta : he is used to 
work. 2. To'hinni : he used to 
live here. n. Un'pi; ta'ku on 
waste. No use, unpicasni; 
-Ecorjpicasni. 

useful, a. Un'piwaste ; unpica. 

useless, a. Ta'ku on unpicasni. 

usher, n. Tiyopa awanyake. 

usual, a. Ecoi)pieoee ; to'ketu ece. 

usurp, vt. Icu ; ta'waSniicu. 

usury, n. Wakapeya kazuzuMya. 

Ute, n. pr. Sa'pawicasta. 

utensil, n. Wi'kicanye. 

uterus, n. Tamni. 

utilitarian, n. Wakicuijktehca. 

utilize, vt. Ta'kuye.' 

utmost, a. Ihanke ; iyotai). 

utter, vt. E'napeya; taninyan e'ya. 
a. Ocowasin. 

utterance, n. Ho e'napeya. 

uttermost, a. Ihanketan. 



vacancy, n. Oko. 
vacant, a. Gokadai) hai) ; okarj. 
vacate, vt. Kiyukai) ; tokai) ya. 
vacation, n. Oko ; oziyapi. 
vaccinate, vt. Pezuta okahdogya. 
vacillate, vi. Ake to'keca cee ; 

ptanptanna. 
vacuum, n. Ta'kudai) en un sni. 
vagabond, n. Tu'we ituya un. 
vagina, n. San ; wisan. 
vagrant, n. Ituya omani. 
vague, a. To'ketutaijiijsni. 
vain, a. Wi'tantai) ; ta'kusni on 

itai) ; ta'kusni. 
vainly, adv. Ituya. 
vaie, interj. Tanyan yauij nunwe. 
vale, n. O'smaka. 
valedictory, n. Ehake wohdaka. 
valiant, a. Waditaka. 
valid, a. Wicake ; he'cetu ; suta. 



valise, n. Wizipan ; wapapsunka. 
valley, n. Makosmaka. 
valor, n. Wowaditake. 
valuable, a. Yuhapi waste ; tehi- 

ke ; wi'yokihi. 
value, vt. Yawa ; tehinda. n. Iya- 

wa. 
valueless, a. Ta'kudan iyokihisni. 
van, n. Otokahe. 
vane, n. Tate e'pazo. 
vanish, vi. Taniij&ni iyaye. 
vanity, n. Ta'kusni. 
vanquish,!;/. Ohiya. 
vapor, n. Opo ; minipo. 
variable, a. Aketokeea ece. 
variation, n. Tohanyan to'keca. 
variety, n. Ocaze ; toktokeca. 
various, a. Toktokeca. 
varnish, n. Iunpi wiyakpa. vt. 

Wiyakpaya iuq. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



vary 254 

vary, vt . Togye ka'ga ; yntokeca. 
vase, n. Kampeska wohnake. 
vast, n. Taij'ka: wopteca&ni. 
vat, n. Kokataijka. 
vault, n. Mibeya awakeyapi. 
vaunt,**. Ihdatai). 
veal, n. Ptezicedai) tado. 
veer, vi. Yuktai) iyaye. 
vegetable, n. Ta'ku&nisni woznpi. 
vehement, a. Wohitika. 
vehicle, n. Oaye ; caqpakmiyai). 
vell,n. Iteakaftpe ; minihuha gai)- 

gai). ft. Akahpa. 
vein, n. We'kaijiyapasni ; iij'yar)- 

waijka. 
velocity, n. Woduzahaij. 
velvet, n. Minihuha hin/ton. wiya- 

kpa. 
vend, trt. Wi'yopeya. 
venerable, a. Okinihai). 
venerate, vt Yuonihaij. 
vengeance, n. Watokicoijpi. 
venison, n. Tahca ta do. 
venomous, a. Wayusica. 
vent, vt. Yataijii). n. Woyataqii) ; 

wohiyu. 
ventilate, vt. Okadusya ; yutaqii). 
venture, vt Otoya; tawatenya; 

iynta. n. Woiynte. At a ven- 
ture, ituyacii). 
venturesome, a. Itoijpesni skai). 
veracity, n. Iewicakapi. 
verb, n. Wawoyake iapi. 
verbatim, adv. Iapi iyohi. 
verdant, a. To. 
verdure, n. Wato. 
verdict, n. Woyaco ; woyasu. 
verge, n. Tete ; opapui) ; oiijkpa. 
verify, vt Yuwicaka. 
verily, adv. A'wieakehai). 
veritable, a. Wicaka. 
vermilion, n. Waseda ; wase. 
vermin, n. Wamdudan ; he'ya. 
vernacular, n. Huijkake iapi ta'- 

wa. 
versatile, a. Wayupika. 
verse, n. Oehde. * 
version, n. Ieskayapi ; oyakapi. 



villain 

versus, prep. Itkokim. 
vertebra, n. Caijhahaka. 
vertex, n. (Oiijkpa ; ipa. 
vertical, a. Bosdata. 
very, adv. Ni'na ; hii) ; Mh) ; nca ; 

Y. hcii). Very good, ni'na wa- 
ste ; wastehca. 
vesper, n. fitayetu wocekiye. 
vessel, n. Oe'ga; waksica; wa'ta. 

Blood vessel, we kan. 
vest, n. A'okihanna ; F. kahdog- 

ostanpi. vt. Ku ; yuhekiya. 
vestibule, n. Tiyopatipi. 
vestige, n. Owe ; wowakta. 
vestment, n. Heyake ; sina. 
vestry, n. Wicastawakan ookiye. 
veteran, n. Tu'we ehaijna. a. 

Ehaijna. 
veto, vt. Tehiijda ; anapta. 
vex, vt. Nagiyeya. 
vexation, n. Wonagiyeya. 
via, jjrep. Iyoopta. 
vial, n. Zanzanna. 
vibrate, rt. Eaozeze. 
vicarious, a. E'ekiya. 
vice, n. Wicohansica ; ma'zaiyn- 

zipe. 
vice-, prep. O'kihe. Vice-president, 

itaneai) o'kihe. 
vicinity, n. Oakiyedaq. 
vicious, n. Ocin&ica ; si'ca. 
victim, ». WoSnapi ; woteyapi. 
victor, n. Tu'we ohiya. 
victorious, a. Ohiya. 
victory, n. Woohiye. 
victuals, n. Woyute. 
vide, v. Wanyaka. 
vie, vi. Econ : vie tvith. 
view, vt. Wanyaka ; amdeza. *. 

Wowaqyake ; owaijyake. 
vigil, n. Hankiktapi. 
vigilant, a. Wakta un. 
vigor, n. Wowas'ake ; ni'na. 
vigorous, a. Was'aka. 
vile, a. Si'ca ; wahte&ni. 
vilify, vt Yaaica. 
village, n. Otoi)we ci'stiqna. 
villain, n. Tu'we Si'ca. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



villainy 255 

villainy, n. Wosice. 
vim, w. Woohitika. 
vindicate, vt. Yuwicaka ; ikiya. 
vindictive, a. Watolrigoqwacii). 
vine, n. Caijwiyiiwi. 
vinegar, n. Miniskumna. 
vineyard, n. Hastarjhaijka owozu. 
violate, vt. Kicaksa ; yusica. 
violence, n. Woohitika ; wosice. 
violent, a. Wohitika. 
violently, adv. Wohitiya. 
violet, n. Wahca tahuksai). 
viper, n. Wamduskasica. 
virago, n. Wiij'yai) ohitika. 
virgin, n. Witaijsna ; te'ca. 
virile, a. Wica ; wicasta. 
virtue, n. Wo waste ; wowas'ake. 
virulent, a. Wayusica. 
virus, n. Wosice su. 
visage, n. Itohnake. 
vise, n. MazwiyusMte. 
visible, a. Taijii). 
vision, n. Wowarjyake; wi'wai)- 

yake ; wawarjyakapi. 
visionary, a. Wi'haqmna se. 
visit, vt. Titokai) i. n. Titokai)- 

ipi. 
visitor, n. Tu'we titokai) i. 
vial, a. On ni'pi. 
vitality, n. Ni'pi wowas'ake. 
vitiate, vt. Yusica. 
vituperate, vi. I eu hde. 
vivacious, a. Wi'haha. 
vivid, a. Tai)ii) hca. 
vocabulary, n. Ieska wowapi ; iapi. 
vocal, a. Wicaho ; dowaijpi. 



wage 

vocation, n. Wicohai). 

vogue, n. Woecoij. 

voice, n. Wicaho. vt. Yataijii). 

void, a. Ecetusni ; ookadai). 

volatile, a. Kohai) ske'pa. 

volcano, n. Paha ide. 

volition, n. Owach)yuze. 

volley, n. Ptaya ecoqpi. 

volume, w. Wowapi waijzi ; o'yu- 

witaya. 
voluntarily, adv. Iyecirjka. 
voluntary, a. Iyeciijka ecoqpi. 
volunteer, vi. Iyeciijka e'ya. n. 

I'ye ciij o'pa ; akicita. 
voluptuous, a. Wiciijs'a; wacai)- 

tahde. 
vomit, vt. Hde'pa. n. Hde'papi. 
voracious, a. Ni'na dociij ; ni'na 

wota. 
vortex, n. Miniomni. 
votary, n. Ihakta. 
vote, vi. Wowapi iyohpeya ; ka- 

hniga. 
vouch, vi. Yuwicaka. Vouch for, 

ki'ciyuwicaka. 
voucher, n. Wayuwicaka. 
vouchsafe, vt. gu ; okihiya. 
vow, vi. Wakaijtaijka cezeyan 

e'ya. n. Woicicoijze. 
vowel, n. Oowa ho'waijzi. Oowa 

dena heoen iciyapi : a, e, i, o, u. 
voyage, n. Watom oicimani. 
vulgar, a. Waoijspekesni ; ikceka ; 

si'ca. 
vulnerable, a. Bohdogpica. 
vulture, w. Heca. 



w 



wabble, vi. Paptaijptai) ; yuktai)- 

ktai). 
wad, n. Iyopuhdi. 
waddle, vi. Maga se ma'ni. 
wade, vt. Copa. 
wafer, n. Wi'puspe. 



waft, vt. Kahbogya. 

wag, vt. Yuhuhuza. Wag the head, 
po'ptanptai). — Wag the tail, si- 
cupsanpsan. n. Tu'we wawi- 
haha. 

wage, vt. Kuwa. n. Wi'si. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



wager 256 

wager, vt, Yekiya. 

wages, n. Wokazuzu ; wi'si. 

waggish, a, Wawifiaye. 

wagon, n. Caqpahminma; Y, cai)- 
pakmiyai) ; T. caqpagmiyai). 

wagon-bow, n, Caqkaaqakeyapi. 

wagon-box, n. Caqpakmiyai) sko- 
kpa. 

wall, n. Hoksiyopa ehpeyapi. 

wail, vi. Ce'ya. Wail for, aceya. 

wainscot, n. Timahen hepiyaoka- 
taijpi. 

waist, n, Nigute ; ipiyake. 

waistband, n, Nito&ke ipiyake. 

wait, vi, 1. Apeui) : «?ai£ #W fo 
comes, — Wait for, aklpe ; wa- 
kta ui). 2. Wi'yeya na'zii) ; 
waokiya na'zii) : wait on the 
table, n. Wi'yeya un'pi. Lie 
in wait, waape. interj, Hiryan- 
hanka. 

waiter, n. Wayutaijkiyapi. 

waive, vt. Ku; kiyukan. 

wake, vt, Yuhica. vi. Kikta. n. 
1. HanMktapi. 2. Wa'ta owe. 

wakeful, a, Kiktasa. 

waken, vt, Yuhica. 

walk, vi, Ma'ni : does the baby 
walk, — Walk on, amani. — Walk 
around, omarri. n. 1. Ma'nipi : 
his gait is a walk. 2. Omanipi ; 
oomani : take a walk, 

walker, n, Manipi ; mani. 

wall, n, 1. Tibosdata : a painting 
on the wall. 2. Con'kaske : a 
stone wall. vt. Acankaske. 

walled, a. Acankaskapi. 

wallet, n. Ma'zaskaozuha ; wapa- 
psuijka. 

wallop, vt. Kasaksaka ; popomya 

ipiga. 
wallow, vi. Ihduptanptai). 
walnut, n. Hma ; kma ; gma. 
walrus, n. Unktehi ; unkcehi. 
waltz, n. Kaicitkokim wacipi. 
wampum, n. Wamnuhadai) ; wa- 

boslata. 
wan, a. Ukaececesni. 



wary 



wand, n. Cansakadan. 

wander, vi. Nu'ni ; omani. 

wanderer, n. Omanisa. 

wane, vi. Ci'stinna a'ya. 

want, vt, 1. Cii) : J want some 
water. 2. Icakiza; co'dai) un : 
she wants even bread. 3. Iyo- 
hUni : it wants one inch. n. 1. 
Wokakize : in want. 2. Co'dai) 
ui) : withered for the want of 
rain. 3. Ta'ku cin'pi : civiliza- 
tion increases man's wants. 

wanting, pa. Wanica ; iyehanyan- 
6ni ; iyokpani. 

wanton, -a. WananonSni. 

war, n, Wokicize. Make war, wo- 
kicize ka'ga. — War-club, can'- 
hpi. — War-dance, iwakicipi. — 
War-party, ozuye. vi. Kiciza. 

warble, vi- I'yasnasna dowaq. 

war-cry, n. I'yaki&a&api. 

ward, w. Tu'we awaijyakapi. 

ward off, vt. Kakamiyeya. 

warden, n. Waawaijyake. 

wardrobe, n. Heyake ; heyake wo- 
knake. 

ware, imp of wear. 

ware, n. Wi'kicanye : woyuha. 

warehouse, n, Wokihnaketipi. 

warfare, n. Wokicize. 

warily, adv, Waktaya. 

warlike, a, Kiswacin ; ksi'zeca. 

warm, a, 1. Ka'ta : warm water; 
warm weather, 2. Co'za : warm 
clothing, 3. Waihaktapi : warm 
friends, vt. Kanya ; ka'ta a'ya. 

warmth, n. Wokata. 

warn, vt. Iwaktaye. 

warning, n. Iwaktayapi. 

warp, vt. Yuakopa ; yutokeca. n. 
Hanonta kazoi)tapi. 

warrant, n. Oyuspesipi wowapi. 
vt. 1. Yuwicake: / warrant the 
goods, 2, Iyowiijyai) : it did 
not warrant your going. 

warrior, n. Ozuye wicasta. 

wart, n. Ukaanoge. 

wary, a. Wakta un ; ksa'pa. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



was 



257 



wear 



was, imp. of be. Un. 

wash, vt. 1. Yuzaza : wash clothes, 

2. Pakinta : wash away sins, 
vi. Wayuzaza : he washed. 

wash, n. Oi) yuzazapi. 

wash-basin, n. Napozaza. 

wash-board, n. Canipaskice. 

wash-boiler, n. Heyake ipihye. 

wash-bowl, n. Napozaza. 

wash-pan, Napozaza. 

wash-stand, n. Ahna ihduzazapi. 

washout, n. Minibohya. 

wasbtub, n. Wi'yuzaza. 

wasp, n. Tunmaga han'ska. 

waste, vt. Yutakunisni. a. Ta'- 
kuyepicasni; makoskantu. n. 
Wotakunisni ; woihanke. 

wasteful, a. Waihangyes'a. 

wasting, pa. Yutakunisni. 

watch, vt. 1. Awaijyaka : watch 
the cattle. 2. Amdes nrj ; opa- 
nta kuwa : watch the thief, 
vi. Waawanyag ui) ; amdes un. 
n. 1. Waawanyake : the watch 
stood guard. 2. Sicanopiye wi'- 
hiyayedan. 3. Sun'ka caze. 

watchful, a. Waktaun. 

watchman, n. Waawanyake. 

watchword, n. Wowaktaiapi. 

water, n. Mini; Y. mni. n. 1. 
Miniku : water the cows. 2. Mi- 
niapapson : water the plants. 

3. Mini icahi : watered the milk. 
Water-cask, miniyaya. — Water- 
elm, peikceka. — Water-fowl , 
mini wakiny anna. — Water-mitt, 
zuiniwokpan. — Water-tight, ku- 
se sni ; miniohdogyesni. 

watercloset, n. Tankantipi. 
watercourse, n. Wakpadan. 
watercure, n. Mini on kuwapi. 
watered, a. Miniyukan. 
waterfall, n. Minihinhe. 
waterhole, n. Minioskokpa. 
watermelon, n. Sa'kayutapi ; T. 

span'sniyutapi. 
waterpipe, n. Minimazohdogeca. 
waterpot, n. Miniwakiskokpa. 



waterproof, a. Minikandokesni. 

waterspout, n. Mahpiyahomni. 

watersupply, n. Minioicu. 

waterway, n. Wa'tatacanku. 

waterwheel, n. Minibohomni. 

waterwork, n. Minioicukagapi. 

watery, a. Mini o'ta. 

wattle, n. Iyohasasa. 

wave, n. Ta'za : the waves roll, 
vt. Ko'za ; kahboka. 

waver, vi. Pataka ; kit an sni. 

wavy, a. Mnimiza. 

wax, n, Cansin; tuhmagacesdi. 
vi. 1. Icaga : wax great. 2. 
A'ya ; o'cim : wax angry. 

waxy, a. Cansii) o'tkapa. 

way, n. Canku; wokuwa; woi- 
yopte. By the way, tahepi ; 
icunhannakes. — By way of, iya- 
opteya. — Half-way, cokaya. — 
In many ways, o'takiya. — A 
little way, ci'stiyedan. — A long 
way, te'han. — Out of the way, 
canku anawam. — To give way, 
enakiya; ksa. — To make way, 
iyopte. — That way, canku he ; 
he'ciya. — Way passenger, can- 
ku ihanke sni na'zii) kta. 

wayfaring, a. I'cimaniun. 

waylay, vt. Iyape. 

wayside, n. Cankuicahda. 

wayward, a. Wanahonsni ; ske'he. 

wayworn, a. Omaniwatuka. 

we, pro. Unkiyepi ; unkiye. 

weak, a. Was'akesni ; sutasni ; 
ta'kusni ; hahadan. 

weaken, vt. Was'akesniya. vL 
Was'akesni. 

weakly, a. Sihtin ; wayazans'a. 

weakness, n. Wowasakesni. 

weal, n. Wozani. 

wealth, n. Wowizice ; woyuha. 

wealthy, a. 2i'ca; wi'zica. 

wean, vt. Azixj ayustankiya. 

weapon, n. Wi'pe ; ikteka. 

wear, wore, worn, vt. 1. In ; un ; 
oton : wore a white dress. 2. 
Patani; payeza; pakuka. 3. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



wearily 258 

Yutakunisni : worn out. Wear 
off, yutepa. — Wear well, te'han 
tanni sni. w. 1. Uii'pi : worse 
for wear, 2. Heyake : summer 
wear. 

wearily, adv. Watukaya. 

weariness, n. Wowicatuka. 

wearisome, a. Wawicatuka. 

weary, a. Watuka ; mdo'kita ; 
econkapHi). vt. Watukaya. vi. 
Watuka z. kap'in. . 

weasel, n. Hituijkasai). 

weather, n. Anpetu to'keca ; an- 
petu ; tate. Warm weather, ai)- 
petu maste. — Out in the weath- 
er, tankan tate kin en. vt. En 
skai) ; i'tkokipa. 

weave, vt. Kazonta. 

weaver, n. Wakazoijta. 

web, n. Wakazontapi. Spidtfs 
web, unktomi tahokata ; wa- 
hinpeya. 

wed, vt. Yu'za ; wakanyuza ; kici 
i'ciyakaska : he is wedded to his 
pipe. 

wedding, n. Wakankiciyuzapi. 

wedge, n. Canicasdeca. vt. En 
paotins iyeya. 

wedlock, n. Okiciyuze. 

Wednesday, n. Anpetuiyamni. 

wee, a. Ni'na ci'stinna. 

weed, n. Canhdohu; wato. vt. 
Canhdohu yuzun. 

weedy, a. Canhdohu o'ta. 

week, n. Ai)petuwakan oko ; an- 
petu sakowin. 

weekly, a. Aijpetusakowin ca. 

weep, wept, vi. Ce'ya; istamni- 
hanpe au. Weep for, aceya. 

weigh, vt. 1. Tkeuta : weigh corn. 

2. Iyukcan : weigh his words. 

3. Tkeya wanka : weighs him 
down. 

weight, n. Otkeute ; tkeutapi. 
weighty, a. Tke ; wacinyepiea. 
weird, a. Wakanse. 
welcome, vt. Iyuskii) kuwa ; iki- 
ciyuskin : I welcome you. a. 



whatever 



Tan'yai) hi ; wastedapi : a wel- 
come guest, n. Wowiyuskiij ; 
wocanteyuza waste. 

weld, vt. Ma'zaiyaskamya. 

welfare, n. Zaniyanunpi. 

well, adv. Tan 'yar) ; canpteh ; yu- 
piya ; aiecetu. a. Tan/yai) ; za- 
ni ; waste, n. 1. Mnicapi ; mni- 
ohdogyapi : a deep well. 2. 
Oahinape ; oicu : wells of learn- 
ing, excl. Eca ; hun'hunhe. 

well-being, n. Tan'yanunpi. 

well-known, a. Okitanin. 

well-off, a. Wayuha ; tan/yai) uq. 

well-spring, n. Oahinape. 

welt, n. Oko wi'puspe. 

welter, vi. Kadomdopa. 

wench, n. Win'yan. 

wend, vt. Iokawinh ya. 

went, imp. of go. 

wept, imp. of weep. 

were, imp. pi. of be. 

west, a. & n. Wiyohpeyata. West 
of, i'wiyohpeyata. 

west-bound, a, Wiyohpeyata ya. 

westerly, adv. Wiyohpeyatakiya. 

western, a. Wiyohpeyata. 

westward, a. Wiyohpeyatakiya. 

wet, a. 1. Spaya : wet clothes. 
2. Magazus'a : a wet day. vt. 
Spa'yeya. n. Mini; wospaya. 

wether, n. Ta'hcasunka susuwa- 
nica. 

whack,ftf. Skabyeh apa. 

whale/n. Hogai) iyotan tan Ira; 
unktehi. Whale-bone, unktehi 
hu. 

wharf, n. Wa'taoihuni. 

what,*pro. 1. Ta'ku : what do you 
want. 2. To'ken : what do they 
call you. 3. To'nakeca : what 
is the weight, a. 1. Tukte : 
what boy. 2. Ta'ku : what ras- 
cals. 3. Tohantu. Wliat time 
is it, wi'hiyaye tohantu he. 
4. To'na : he gave them what 
chickens he had. 

whatever, pro. Ta'kukasta. 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



whatsoever 259 

whatsoever, pro. Ta'kukasta. 
wheat, n. Aguyapisu. 
wheedle, vt. Iskuyakuwa. 
wheel, n. Canpahmihma hu ; can- 

hdeska; ma'zamibe. vt. Pa- 

hmihma iyeya ; aohomniya. vi. 

Ohomni ya ; pahmihma ya. 
wheelbarrow, n. Huwanzipahmi- 

hmapi. 
wheeze, vi. fimunyai) niya. 
whelp, n. Sunhpadai). 
when, adv. Tohan : when I go. — 

They stayed till dark, wlien they 

went, o'tpaza hehanyan en un'- 

pi, hehan kihdapi. 
whence, adv. To'kiyatanhai) ; to- 

tanhan. 
whenever, adv. Tohantukasta. 
whensoever, adv. Tohan tukasta. 
where, adv. Tukten, where are 

you. — To'kiya, where is he 

going. 
whereabouts, adv. Tuktentu. 
whereas, conj. Nakaesj canke- 

daka. 
whereat, conj. Tukte ekta ; he'on. 
whereby, adv. Ta'ku on ; tukte 

on. 
wherefore, adv. TVkeca; ta'ku 

01). 

wherein, adv. Tukte en. 
whereinsoever, adv. Tukteentu- 

kasta. 
whereinto, adv. Tukteentu. 
whereof, adv. Tukte etanhan. 
whereon, adv. Tukte akan. 
wheresoever, adv. Tuktentukasta. 
whereto, adv. Tukte ekta. 
whereupon, adv. Ta'ku akan ; iye- 

han. 
wherever, adv. Tuktentukasta. 
wherewith, adv. Ta'ku on. 
wherwithal, adv. Ta'ku on. 
whet, vt. Yuman ; iyohdiya. 
whether, conj. Ui) man tukte : tell 

us whether you are going or not. 
whetstone, n. Iyohdi ; Y. miyo- 

kdi ; T. miyogli ; izuza. 



whizzing 

whey, ». Asanpimini. 

which, pro. Tukte : tell which you 

prefer; which boy did it. 
whichever, pro. Tukte wan zi. 
whiff, vt. IpoMyeya. 
while, conj. Icunhan : while you 

are here. n. Wi'hiyayedai) oi)- 

spa : rest a while, vt. Wi'- 

hiyaye yusota : while away your 

time. 
whilst, conj. Icunhai). 
whim, n. Inahni tawacin. 
whimper, vi. Iyokipisni ia. 
whimsical, a. Tawacinskehe. 
whine, vi. Ho'pinsyaceya. 
whinny, vi. &un/kawakanhotoi). 
whip, n. Icapsirjte. vt. 1. Kapsiij- 

psinta ; apa : she whipped the 

boy. 2. Ohankoya icu : whipped 

out a knife. 3. Ohiya ; wicakte : 

our side whipped. 
whiphandle, n. Icapsinte ihupa. 
whirl, vt. Kahomni. vi. Homni. 
whirlpool, n. Miniomni. 
whirlwind, n. Tateiyumni. 
whisk, vt. Kahiniyeya. 
whisk-broom, n. Wi'cahiijtena. 
whiskers, n. Ikuhin. 
whisky, n. Miniwakan. 
whisper, vi. 2izi. Whisper to, azi- 

zi. n. 2izipi. 
whistle, vt. & vi. to ; zozo ; he- 

mani hoton. n. Yahotoijpi ; 

co'yatanka. 
whistler, n. 2o'sa. 
whit, n. Onspadan ; ecaca. 
white, a. Ska. White man, Wa- 

sicui). — White paint, wi'sanye. 
whltecap, n. Tazabobdu. 
whiten, vt. Ska ka'ga. 
whiteness, n. Ska ; woska. 
whitening, n. On yuskapi. 
whitewash, n. Miniwisanye. 
whither, adv. To'kiya. 
whitish, a. San. 
whittle, vt. Pazipa ; yucika. 
whli, vi. fimui). 
whizzing, a. flmun'yai). 



Digitized by LjOOQ LC 



who 260 

who, pro. inter, TV we : who did 
it. pro, rel, 1. He. The man 
who gave me the book, wicasta 
wowapi maku kii) he. 2. Tu'- 
we. He who did it will be sorry, 
tu'we ecoq kiq he caqtesice 
kta. 

whoa, interj, Owanzinazin. 

whoever, pro, Tu'wekasta. 

whole, a, 1. A'taya; ocowasin: 
I want the whole hog, 2. Zani : 
they that are whole, 

wholeness, n. Ecaataya. 

wholesale, a. 1. Opiye a'taya wi'- 
yopeyapi : a wholesale store. 2. 
Ad'ataya : a wholesale slaughter. 

wholesome, a. Owicawaste. 

wholly, adv. 1. A'taya : he is 
wholly ignorant. 2. Heceedaij : 
it was not wholly ignorance. 

whom, objective of who. TVwe ; 
he. 

whoop, n. I'yaki'sapi. 

whooping-cough, n. Niyasni ho- 
hpapi. 

whop, vi. Yuptaijyaij. 

whopping, a. Hin'skotaijka. 

whore, n. Witkowii). 

whortleberry, n. Ha'za. 

whose, pos. pro. Tu'we ta'wa. 

whosoever, pro. Tu'we kasta. 

why, adv. & conj. To'keca ; to'ka. 

wick, n. Petizanzanhafronta. 

wicked, a. Si'ca ; wicastaani. 

wickedly, adv. Sicaya. 

wickedness, n. Woaice ; woahtani ; 
ta'ku si'ca. 

wicker, a. Caijyaijkapi. 

wickiup, n. Caijsakawakeya. 

wide, a. 1. HdaMnyantaijka ; 
taij'ka, a wide river. 2. Hda- 
kinyai), a foot wide. adv. 1. 
Tan'kaya: spread wide. 2. 1'te- 
hai) : he shot wide of the mark. 

wide-awake, a. Mde'za ; waktapi. 

widely, adv. Taij'kaya. 

widen, vt. Yutaijka. 

wideness, n. Woptecasni. 



wind 



widow, n, Wiwazica. 

widower, n. Wica wiwazica. 

width, n. Ohdakii)yai). 

wield, vt. Ui) ; yuha. 

wife, n. Tawicu. My wife, mita- 
wii). — Your wife, nitawiij. 

wig, n. Wicapahakagapi. 

wiggle, vi. Yupsanpsan. 

wiggle-tail, n. Caponkaciijca. 

wigwam, n. Tiikceka. 

wild, a. 1. Ikceuij : a wild hog, 
2. Watoghda : his horse is wild; 
a wild Indian, 3. Wohitika ; 
otantonka : a wild storm. 4. 
Mde'ze&ni : wild with delight; 
wild speculation. 5. Iwicirjsni- 
yaij : wild of the mark, 

wild, n. Makoce ikceka. 

wildcat, n. Inmu ; inmutaqka. 

wilderness, n. fle'makoakan ; he- 
woskan. 

wildly, adv. Watoghdaya. 

wilful, a. 1. Tawaciij suta. 2. 1'ye 
cii) ecoi) : wilful mischief. 

wilfully, adv. Sicawacii) ecoi). 

wilfulness, n. Sicawaciijpi. 

will, n. 1. Tawacii) : thy will be 
done. 2. Wocanteyuza : his will 
is right. 3. Econwacinpi : he 
works with a will. vi. sign of 
future. Kta : J will go. vt. 1. 
Kon'za; wacinyuza: Godicitted 
that there should be light. 2. 
Ipu. ; tohai) i'ye to ciijhai) yuha 
kta keya : he willed the horse 
to his son. 

willing, a. Wicada ; iyowiijyai). 

willow, n. Cofrwanzica ; wanpopa. 

wilt, 2dpers. sing, of will. Kta. 
vi. Se'ca a'ya : tJw leaves wilt, 

wily, a. Wicahnayes'a. 

win, won, vt. Ohiya. 

wince, vi. Napa ; natuijka. 

wind, n. 1. Tate : a cold wind. 2. 
Oniya : took his wind. 3. Woo- 
mna ; wosdonye : the police got 
wind of the thief, vt. 1. Iyape- 
hai) : wind the thread. 2. Yu- 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



windbreak 



261 



withstand 



homni : wind the clock. 3. Yu- 
ksanksan ya : he winds through 
the woods. 

windbreak, n. Tatewakagiye. 

windbroken, a. Oniyasica. 

windfall, n. 1. Tatekawanka. 2. 
Ta'ku aihpekiyapi. 

winding, a. Ksan. 

windlass, n. Ayuhomnipi. 

windmill, n. Tateyuhomni. 

window, n. Owaijyeye ; Y. o'iaq- 
zankdepi; T. o'zaijzaijglepi. 

windpipe, n. Dotehbeze ; Y. dote- 
kbeze; T. glogleska. 

windrow, n. Pezi ; caijkuyezupi. 

windward, a. Tatoheya. 

windy, a. 1. Tate : a windy day. 
2. Ta'ku ka taijii) sni : a windy 
talk. 

wine, n. Minisa. 

wing, n. 1. ftupahu. 2. Ti'pi on- 
spa aka'gapi. vt. Kinyai) ya. 

winged, a. flupahutoi). 

wink, vt. Istekakpan. n. Istaka- 
kpanpi. 

Winnebago, n. Hotan'ke. 

winner, n. Tu'we ohiya. 

winning, a. 1. Ohiya : the winning 
horse. 2. Oiyokipi : winning 
ways. n. Wakamnapi. 

winnow, vt. Kaduga. 

winsome, a. Onai) waste. 

winter, n. Waniyetu : a cold win- 
ter, a. Waniyetu: winter clothes, 
vt. Waniyetu awanyaka: I win- 
tered ten cows. vi. Waniyetu 
un : winter in the South. 

wintry, a. Waniyetu. 

wipe, vt. Pakiijta ; apawinta. 

wire, n. Ma'zapsonpsonna. vt. 1. 
Ma'za oi) yuskiskita. 2. Maza- 
kipe. 

wiry, a. 1. Suta; wakisaka : a 
wiry little man. 2. Ma'zapson- 
psonna se / ca : wiry hair. 

wisdom, n. Woksape. 

wise, a. 1. Ksa pa : a wise king. 
2. Woksape : wise sayings, wo- 



ksape iapi. n. Woecon : in any 
wise. 

wisely, adv. Ksamya. 

wish, vt. 1. Cin : / wish father 
would come. 2. Un'kans ecin : 
I wish it was day. 3. Cinkiya : 
J wish you good-night, n. Ta'ku 
cin 'pi. 

wishful, a. Caijtiheya; ch). 

wishfully, adv. Caijtiheyaken. 

wishy-washy, a. Takumnasni. 

wisp, n. Peziopahte. 

wist, imp. of wit. Sdonya. 

wistful, a. Sdonyewacii). 

wistfully, adv. Awacinken. 

wit, n. Wowina ; wokahnige ; ta- 
waein. To wit f iokawiqh de'- 
cetu. 

witch, n. Tu'we wakaijkai) ; win/- 
yan wicahmuijga. 

witchcraft, n. Wicahmungapi. 

with, prep. l.Kici: eat with him. 
2. Om : eat with them. 3. On, : 
cut with a knife; silent with 
shame. 4. Ynha : a horse with 
horns. 5. Iyahna : his infir- 
mities increase with his years. — 
6. Ekta : with Indians time is 
of no value. 

withal, adv. Ko'ya. 

withdraw, withdrew, vt. E'hdaku : 
he withdrew the troops, vi. Hdi- 
eu ; tokan iyaye : he witli- 
drew. 

withe, n. Cansakadai) ; conwaij- 
zica. 

wither, vi. flni'za. vt. Yusniza. 

withered, pa. Sni'za ; se'ca. 

withers, n. Amdoiijkpa 

withold, vt. Ipida ; anica. 

within, prep. 1. Mahed : within 
the house. 2. I'tato ; itahena : 
within ten days. adv. Mahen. 

without, prep. 1. Tarjkan; i'tan- 
kan : without the gate. 2. Co'- 
dai) : without money. 

withstand, vt. I'tkokipa ; he'cehna 
un. 



Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



witless 262 

witless, vt. Waeiijksape&ni. 

witness, rt. 1. Wanyaka : iritness 
a battle. 2. Yatanir) : he wit- 
nessed against him. n. Wayaa- 
taijii). 

wittily, adv. Wowinaya. 

wittingly, adv. Amdesya. 

witty, a. Wawihaye. 

wives, n. Plural of wipe. 

wizard, n. Wicahmunga. 

woe, n. Woiyokisica. 

wo-be-gone, a. A'ainya un. 

woful, a. Oiyokisica. 

woke, imp. of wake. 

wolf, wolves, n. Sunktokeca ; suijg- 
manitu. 

wolfish, a. Sonktokecase. 

woman, women, n. Winohinca ; T. 
& T. wiij'yaii. A young woman; 
8. & Y. Wikoska; 'J. wikosku- 
laka. An old woman, wakarjka ; 
Y. & T. winonea. 

womb, n. Tamni ; tezi. 

won, imp. of win. 

wonder, vi. 1. Inihan : I wondered 
at the sight. 2. To'keca ecii) : 
do you wonder why I came. n. 
Wowinihan. 

woaderfnl, a. Wowinihaij. 

wondrous, a. Woyusinyaij. 

won't, contr. of will not. 

wont, vt. Ecewakta. n. Oban. 

woo, vt. Okiya ; wiokiya. 

wood, n. Can ; con'tanka. 

woodchuck, n. Hankaaa. 

wooden, a. Can ; can. ee. 

woodpecker, n. Kanketanka. 

woodwork, n. Can on ka'gapi. 

woody, a. Cai) etanhan. 

woof, n. Hahoijta hdakiijyai). 

wool, n. Ta'hcahii) ; hin/yumni- 
mniza. 

woolen, a. Ta'bcabin. 

woolly, a. Yumnimniza. 

word, n. Iapi ; wicoie. vt. Wicoie 
ka'ga : he worded it well. — Send 
word to, iwahoya. — Word by 
word, iapi iyohi. 



worry 



wordy, a. Iapi o'ta ; iapi ece. 

wore, imp. of wear. Uij. 

work, vi. 1. fltani ; wowasi econ : 
work for a living. 2. A'ya : the 
fire worked down. 3. 6kumna 
a'ya ; napon a'ya : the cider 
works, vt. 1 . Kuwa ; kicai)yai) ; 
work a farm. 2. fltar.ikiya : 
work his horse. 3. Econkiya: 
yuhomni ; yuskanskai) ; work a 
machine. 4. Ecoi) : work iniquity. 
5. Ka'ga ; icafrya : faith worked 
patience. — Work oneself into a 
passion, canniyeiciya. w. 1. Wi- 
cohaij ; Y. & T. wowasi ; wo- 
htani : he wants work. 2. Wo- 
ecoi) ; wokage ; ta'ku ecoi) ; ta'- 
ku ka'ge : the tcorks of God. 
3. Ma'zayuhomni : the works of 
a watch. 

workable, a. Kuwapica; kuwa 
okihi. 

worker, n. Tu'we btanij wowa- 
si. 

working, j?a. fttani ; wowasi ecoi). 
n. 1. Woecon : the workings of 
the mind. 2. Skumna a'ye. 

workman, n. Wicawowasi. 

workshop, n. Wokagetipi. 

world, n. 1. Maka: makamibe: 
the world and all therein. 2. 
Makawita: the Old World. 3. 
Makata wicasta : all the world 
knows. 4. Wieobe : the scientific 
world. 5. Ouncage ; okage : the 
animal world. 6. Oyate ; wica- 
sta : the tcorld smiles. 7. Oni ; 
makata wiconi : begin the world 
anew. 8. Woptecasni; ni'na 
o'ta : a world of trouble. 

wordly, a. Makata. 

worm, n. Wamdudai) ; wamdu- 
skadan. ; oyuhbeza. vt. En ihdu- 
sdohan. 

wormy, a. Wanmdudan yukai). 

worn, pa. Patanipi; owihanke- 
yapi. 

worry, vt. Nagiyeya ; kakisya. 



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worse 263 

vi. Icaijtesica. n. Wonagiyeya ; 

nagiyeiciyapi. 
worse, a. & adv. San 'pa si'ca. 
worship, vt. Ce'kiya ; ohoda. it. 

Wacekiya. n. Wocekiye; wo- 

ohoda; wacekiyapi. 
worshipful, a. Okinihai). 
worst, vt. Kte'dan ; ohiya ; yusi- 

ca. a. Iyotaq si'ca ; iyotaq te- 

hika. 
worth, a. 1. Iyokihi iyeeetu : the 

dog is worth ten dollars, but you 

can't get it for him. 2. Woyuha 

yuha : died worth a million. 3. 

Iyececa : worth going to see. 

n. Iyokihi iyeeetu ; wowaste 

yuha. 
worthily, adv. Iyecetuya. 
worthless, a. Ta'kudaq on waste- 

sni. 
worthy, a. Wowaste yuha ; waste. 

Worthy of, oq waste ; yuha iye- 
ceca. 
would, imp. of will. 1. Kta : he 

said he would go. 2. Cii) : I 

would know the truth. 3. Kta 

tuka : he would come if he coidd. 

4. Kta kitai) ; kta hca : it 

stormed but she would go. 
wound, vt. 1. O : tao : he wounded 

the deer. 2. Caijtesinya ; kiun- 

niyan. n. Oo;oyazan. 
wound, imp. of wind. Iyape- 

han. 
wrangle, vi. Iaakinica. 
wrangler, n. Waakinicas'a. 
wrap, vt. Iyapemni ; pahta ; yu- 

wi ; he'yun ; iyapehan. n. On 

iyapeicihaqpi ; sina ; hiyete 

akahpe. 
wrapper, n. Akahpe ; ozuha. 
wrapping, n. Apahte. 
wrath, n. Wocanniye. 
wrathy, a. Caijniyai). 
wrathful, a. Caijniyehca. 
wreak, vt. Ahiijheya. 
wreath, n. Oyuwi ; tesdake. 
wreathe, vt. Yuwi. 



wry 



wreck, vt, Ihangya ; yutakunisni. 
n. Ihaijgyapi ; ta'kuuisni. 

wren, n. Pteganicadai). 

wrench, n. Yuhomni iyusdoke. 
vt. Yuksan, ; naguka ; yuka- 
bicu. 

wrest, vt. Yuspa ; yutokeca. 

wrestle, vi. Kaho econ. 

wretch, n. Tu'we si'ca; wahte- 
sni. 

wretched, a. 1. Oij'sika : a wretched 
man. 2. Oiyokisica : a wretched 
day. 3. Si'ca : a wretched bed. 

wriggle, vi. Yuksanksan, ya. 

wring, vt. Yuskica. 

wringer, n. Wi'yuskice. 

wrinkle, n. Yusinpi ; iyupiza ; yu- 
skipi. vt. Yusiijsin. 

wrist, n. Napokaske. 

wristband, n. Napokaske apahte. 

writ, n. Wowapi. 

write, wrote, written, vt. Owa; 
ka'ga. vt. Wowapi ka'ga. Can 
you write, wowapi yakaga oya- 
kihi he. — I want you to write a 
letter for me, wowapi miyeci- 
eaga wacin. — Write for, kici- 
caga. — Write to, ki'caga. 

writer, n. Ka'ga ; wowapi ka'- 
ga. 

writhe, vi. Yutimtipa. 

writing, n. Owapi ; wowapi ; wo- 
wapikagapi. 

writing-paper, n. Wowapiska. 

wrong, a. 1. He'cetuani : a wrong 
answer. 2. He'esni : the wrong 
road. 3. Owotana sni : a wrong 
act. — Turn it wrong side out, 
yueci. vt. Owotaijna ecakicon- 
sni. — Wrong one out of M. n. 
Woowotaijnasni. adv. Eciijsni- 
yai). 

wrongful, a. Si'ca. 

wrongfully, adv. Sicaya. 

wrote, imp. of write. 

wrought, vt. Ecoi] ; kuwa. 

wring, imp. of wring. 

wry, a. flmin ; 



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yacht 



264 



zoology 



yacht, n. Miniwaqea wa'tadaij. 

Yankee, n. pr. Isaijtankahca. 

Yankton, n. pr. (Indian) Ihan- 
ktoijwai). 

Yankton, n. j?r. (City) Sadotonwe. 

Yankton Agency, w. j>r. Ihanktoi)- 
wai) Owakpamni. 

Yanktonais, n. j>r. Ihanktonwan- 
na; Hunkpati. 

yard, n. 1. No'geiyutayi ; cahde- 
pi ; sihaiyutapi yamni : a yard 
of cloth. 2. Canhdakiqyan : the 
yard was too short for the sail. 
3. Tioksai) ; ti'pi acankaskapi : 
you have nice grass in your yard. 
— Barn-yard, wanuyanpi acan- 
kaskapi. — Brick-yard, maka- 
spai) ka'gapi owaijka. 

yardstick, n. Minihuha iyutapi. 

yarn, n. 1. Wapahmuijpi : a ball 
of yarn. 2. Ohui)kahai) : the 
boys were telling yarns. 

yawl, n. Wa'tadan. : two men rowed 
the yawl. 

yawn, vi. Iyowa. 

ye, pro. Niyepi. 

yea, adv. Hai) ; ho. 

year, n. Wi'akenoijpa ; waniyetu ; 
o'maka. — Three years, waniye- 
tu ya'mni. 

yearling, n. Makicima ; ecenica. 

yearly, adv. Waniyetu iyohi. 

yearn, vi. Caqtokpani. 

yeast, n. Wi'napohye. 

yell, vi. Pan ; i'ya^'a; hoton. 

yellow, a. Zi. 

yelp, vi. Hoton ; pai). 



yeoman, n. Wicasta makoce yuha. 

yes, adv. Han, ; ho ; tos. 

yesterday, adv. fttanihai). 

yet, adv. Nahanhii) ; ehake ; he'- 
casta. — He is sleeping yet, na- 
haijnir) istiqma. — Not yet, na- 
haijhinkesni. — Yet a little while, 
ehake ci'stiijna. — Yet lie trill 
go, he'easta ye kta. conj. Tu- 
ka. — Willing yet unable, wicada 
tka okihi&ni. 

yield, vt. Icaga; ku. — It yielded 
tenfold, wikcemna akihde ica- 
ga. vi. Iyowiijyai) ; icicu ; ki- 
yukai). 

yoke, n. Can/wanapii) ; wohtani. 
— A yoke of oxen, tatai)ka aki- 
caska. vt. Ikoyagya : yoke tlie 
oxen. 

yolk, n. Itkazica. 

yon, a. Ka ; ka'e. 

yonder, a. Ka; kana. — Over yon- 
der, ka'kiya. 

yore, adv. Ehaijna. 

you, pro. Ni'ye. pi. Niyepi. 

young, a. Askatudaq; deeana; 
te'ea. n. Ciijca. 

younger, a. Hakakta ; a&katudai). 

youngest, a. Iyotai} ci'stinna ; ha- 
kaktahca. 

youngster, n. Tu'we askatudan. 

your, pro. Nitawa ; ni'ye nitawa. 

yourself, pro. Niyehca. 

yourselves, pro. pi. Niyepihca. 

youth, n. Koska; wikoska; wani- 
yetu tonana. 

youthful, a. Wicakoska. 



zeal, n. Woohitika ; ni'na kuwapi. 
zealot, n. Tu'^e ohitiya skan. 
zealous, a. Ni'na skai). 
zealously, adv. Mdihenya. 
zebra, n. Sunghdezedan. 
zenith, n. Mahpiyapesdete. 
zephyr, n. Tateowasteca. 



zero, n. Osniocoka ; ta'kusni. 

zest, n. Woiyokipi. 

zigzag, adv. Yuktaqktan. 

zinc, n. Ma'zato. 

Zion, n. pr. Davidtoti; Pahawakai). 

zone, n. Makaipiyake. 

zoology, n. Wamakaskan woonspe. 



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!?r 



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